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Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites
Criteria, Testing and Industrial Applications

by Paul Robinson,Emile Greenhalgh,Silvestre Pinho

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-01-19
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0857095323
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behaviour – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behaviour in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications. Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addressing a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials are also considered. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites is a valuable reference for designers, scientists and research and development managers working in the increasing range of industries in which composite materials are extensively used. The book will also be a useful guide for academics studying in the composites field. Discusses various failure mechanisms, including manufacturing defects Reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure Investigates failure in aerospace, automotive, defence, marine and off-shore applications

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites
Criteria, Testing and Industrial Applications

by Paul Robinson,Emile S. Greenhalgh,Silvestre Pinho

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
  • Release : 2016-06
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9780081016534
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer matrix composites are replacing materials such as metals in industries such as aerospace, automotive and civil engineering. As composites are relatively new materials, more information on the potential risk of failure is needed to ensure safe design. This book focuses on three main types of failure: impact damage, delamination and fatigue. Chapters in Parts 1-4 describe the main types of failure mechanism and discuss testing methods for predicting failure in composites. Chapters in Parts 5 and 6 discuss typical kinds of in-service failure and their implications for industry.

Manufacturing Techniques for Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs)

Manufacturing Techniques for Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs)
A Book

by Suresh G Advani,Kuang-Ting Hsiao

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-07-18
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0857096257
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer matrix composites are used extensively across a wide range of industries, making the design and development of effective manufacturing processes of great importance. Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of this class of composite. Following an introduction to composites and manufacturing processes, part one reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth. Thermoplastic processing is the focus of part two. Sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles are investigated. Part three reviews thermoset processing. A survey of resin transfer molding follows, including vacuum-assisted and compression resin transfer molding. The pultrusion process is then considered, before the book concludes with an investigation into autoclave and out-of-autoclave curing processes in polymer matrix composites. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) is an essential guide for engineers and scientists working in the field of polymer matrix composites. Provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of polymer matrix composites Reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle-based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth Examines thermoplastic processing, sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites
A Book

by Anne C. Roulin-Moloney

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 1989-06-06
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dynamic Inelasticity of Polymer-Matrix Composites

Dynamic Inelasticity of Polymer-Matrix Composites
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 37
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A novel experimental configuration that can record projectile velocity histories and target back surface out-of-plane motion in penetration experiments has been developed. The technique was used to investigate failure mechanisms during ballistic impact of an S-2 glass fiber woven composite with 60% fiber volume fraction. Microscopy studies performed on recovered samples clearly show interply delamination, fiber breakage, ply inelasticity, and fiber kinking as the major failure modes in these composites. Recorded penetrator velocity histories indicate these failure mechanisms are rate dependent. Pressure-shear recovery experiments were performed to investigate the out-of-plane dynamic shear resistance of the composite. Microstructural analyses revealed that at low impact velocities, 2 GPa compressive stresses, matrix cracking and matrix-fiber debonding are the primary damage mechanisms. At higher impact velocities, 4 GPa compressive stresses, fiber microcracking becomes pronounced.

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites
A Book

by Emile Greenhalgh

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2009-09-28
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 1845696816
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The growing use of polymer composites is leading to increasing demand for fractographic expertise. Fractography is the study of fracture surface morphologies and it gives an insight into damage and failure mechanisms, underpinning the development of physically-based failure criteria. In composites research it provides a crucial link between predictive models and experimental observations. Finally, it is vital for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components, the findings of which can be used to optimise future designs. Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites covers the following topics: methodology and tools for failure analysis; fibre-dominated failures; delamination-dominated failures; fatigue failures; the influence of fibre architecture on failure; types of defect and damage; case studies of failures due to overload and design deficiencies; case studies of failures due to material and manufacturing defects; and case studies of failures due to in-service factors. With its distinguished author, Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites is a standard reference text for researchers working on damage and failure mechanisms in composites, engineers characterising manufacturing and in-service defects in composite structures, and investigators undertaking post-mortem failure analysis of components. The book is aimed at both academic and industrial users, specifically final year and postgraduate engineering and materials students researching composites and industry designers and engineers in aerospace, civil, marine, power and transport applications. Examines the study of fracture surface morphologies in uderstanding composite structural behaviour Discusses composites research and post-modern analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components Provides an overview of damage mechanisms, types of defect and failure criteria

Metal Matrix Composites

Metal Matrix Composites
Testing, Analysis, and Failure Modes

by W. Steven Johnson

  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 289
  • ISBN : 080311270X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fourteen peer-reviewed papers on testing techniques, analysis approaches, and descriptions of various failure processes. From the Symposium on [title] held at Sparks, NV, April 1988. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

Handbook of Multiphase Polymer Systems

Handbook of Multiphase Polymer Systems
A Book

by Abderrahim Boudenne,Laurent Ibos,Yves Candau,Sabu Thomas

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-06-09
  • Pages : 1032
  • ISBN : 1119972884
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Multiphase polymeric systems include a wide range of materials such as composites, blends, alloys, gels, and interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs). A one-stop reference on multiphase polymer systems, this book fully covers the preparation, properties, and applications of advanced multiphase systems from macro to nano scales. Edited by well-respected academics in the field of multiphase polymer systems, the book includes contributions from leading international experts. An essential resource for plastic and rubber technologists, filler specialists and researchers in fields studying thermal and electrical properties.

Thermosets

Thermosets
Structure, Properties and Applications

by Qipeng Guo

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-09-11
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 0857097636
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermosets are a key group of polymers. Understanding how their chemistry and structure affects their properties is essential to their manufacture and use in a range of applications. Thermosets: Structure, properties and applications reviews both factors affecting thermoset properties and how this understanding can be used to engineer thermosets for particular uses. Part one reviews mechanical and thermal properties, the use of chemorheology to characterise and model thermoset flow behaviour, and the role of nanostructures in thermoset toughening. Applications of thermosets are the focus of part two, including the use of thermosets in the building and construction industry, aerospace technology and as insulation materials. Thermoset adhesives, including epoxy resins, acrylates and polyurethanes are also discussed, followed by a final review of thermosets for electrical applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Thermosets: Structure, properties and applications is an essential guide for engineers, chemists, physicists and polymer scientists involved in the development, production and application of thermosets, as well as providing a useful review for academic researchers in the field. Reviews factors affecting thermoset properties and how this understanding can be used to engineer thermosets for particular uses Reviews mechanical and thermal properties, the use of chemorheology to characterise and model thermoset flow behaviour, and the role of nanostructures in thermoset toughening Focuses on applications of thermosets, discusses thermoset adhesives, reviews thermosets for electrical applications

Modeling Damage, Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials

Modeling Damage, Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials
A Book

by Ramesh Talreja,Janis Varna

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-10-20
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 1782422986
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modelling Damage, Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials provides the latest research on the field of composite materials, an area that has attracted a wealth of research, with significant interest in the areas of damage, fatigue, and failure. The book is a comprehensive source of physics-based models for the analysis of progressive and critical failure phenomena in composite materials, and focuses on materials modeling, while also reviewing treatments to give the reader thorough direction for analyzing failure in composite structures. Part one of the book reviews the damage development in composite materials such as generic damage and damage accumulation in textile composites and under multiaxial loading, while part two focuses on the modeling of failure mechanisms in composite materials with attention given to fibre/matrix cracking and debonding, compression failure, and delamination fracture. Final sections examine the modeling of damage and materials response in composite materials, including micro-level and multi-scale approaches, the failure analysis of composite materials and joints, and the applications of predictive failure models. Examines current research in modeling damage, fatigue, and failure of composite materials Provides a comprehensive source of physics-based models for the analysis of progressive and critical failure phenomena in composite materials Assesses the failure and life prediction in composite materials Discusses the applications of predictive failure models such as computational approaches to failure analysis

Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials

Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials
A Book

by Pedro P. Camanho,Stephen R. Hallett

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-08-07
  • Pages : 562
  • ISBN : 0081003420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Numerical Modelling of Failure in Advanced Composite Materials comprehensively examines the most recent analysis techniques for advanced composite materials. Advanced composite materials are becoming increasingly important for lightweight design in aerospace, wind energy, and mechanical and civil engineering. Essential for exploiting their potential is the ability to reliably predict their mechanical behaviour, particularly the onset and propagation of failure. Part One investigates numerical modeling approaches to interlaminar failure in advanced composite materials. Part Two considers numerical modelling approaches to intralaminar failure. Part Three presents new and emerging advanced numerical algorithms for modeling and simulation of failure. Part Four closes by examining the various engineering and scientific applications of numerical modeling for analysis of failure in advanced composite materials, such as prediction of impact damage, failure in textile composites, and fracture behavior in through-thickness reinforced laminates. Examines the most recent analysis models for advanced composite materials in a coherent and comprehensive manner Investigates numerical modelling approaches to interlaminar failure and intralaminar failure in advanced composite materials Reviews advanced numerical algorithms for modeling and simulation of failure Examines various engineering and scientific applications of numerical modelling for analysis of failure in advanced composite materials

Primary and Secondary Manufacturing of Polymer Matrix Composites

Primary and Secondary Manufacturing of Polymer Matrix Composites
A Book

by Kishore Debnath,Inderdeep Singh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-09-18
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 1498799361
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers an insight into the primary and secondary manufacturing of different class of polymer matrix composites (PMCs). The major focus is on the fabrication of a variety of PMCs with substantial coverage of various processing techniques and related advantages and limitations. The book also describes secondary manufacturing processes such as machining and joining of PMCs and provides the know-how related to developing these techniques. It discusses recently commercialized tools and techniques and highlights the opportunities provided by the design and development of newer cutting tools and machining methods. The book covers material selection guidelines, product manufacturability, product development process, and cost-estimating techniques that help readers to understand where a process fits within the overall scheme and which is appropriate for a particular component. This book provides professionals with valuable information related to composites product manufacturing as well as state-of-the-art knowledge in this field.

Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites

Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites
A Book

by I M Low

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2014-02-14
  • Pages : 734
  • ISBN : 0857098829
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) have proven to be useful for a wide range of applications because of properties such as their light weight, toughness and temperature resistance. Advances in ceramic matrix composites summarises key advances and types of processing of CMCs. After an introductory chapter, the first part of the book reviews types and processing of CMCs, covering processing, properties and applications. Chapters discuss nanoceramic matric composites, silicon carbide-containing alumina nanocomposites and advances in manufacture by various infiltration techniques including heat treatments and spark plasma sintering. The second part of the book is dedicated to understanding the properties of CMCs with chapters on Finite Element Analysis, tribology and wear and self-healing CMCs. The final part of the book examines the applications of CMCs, including those in the structural engineering, nuclear and fusion energy, turbine, metal cutting and microelectronics industries. Advances in ceramic matrix composites is an essential text for researchers and engineers in the field of CMCs and industries such as aerospace and automotive engineering. Reviews types and processing of CMCs, covering processing, properties and applications

Fracture of Polymers, Composites and Adhesives II

Fracture of Polymers, Composites and Adhesives II
3rd ESIS TC4 Conference

by J G Williams,A Pavan,Bamber Blackman

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2003-11-26
  • Pages : 590
  • ISBN : 9780080531953
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fracture of Polymers, Composites and Adhesives II

Recent Advances in Smart Self-healing Polymers and Composites

Recent Advances in Smart Self-healing Polymers and Composites
A Book

by Guoqiang Li,Harper Meng

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-06-01
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 1782422927
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent Advances in Smart Self-Healing Polymers and Composites examines the advances made in smart materials over the last few decades and their significant applications in aerospace, automotive, civil, mechanical, medical, and communication engineering fields. Based on a thorough review of the literature, the book identifies “smart self-healing polymers and composites as one of the most popular, challenging, and promising areas of research. Readers will find valuable information compiled by a large pool of researchers who not only studied the latest datasets, but also reached out to leading contributors for insights and forward-thinking analogies. Examines the advances made in smart materials over the last few decades Presents significant applications in aerospace, automotive, civil, mechanical, medical, and communication engineering fields Compiled by a large pool of researchers who not only studied the latest datasets, but also reached out to leading contributors for insights and forward-thinking analogies

Rate Dependent Deformation and Strength Analysis of Polymer Matrix Composites

Rate Dependent Deformation and Strength Analysis of Polymer Matrix Composites
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 34
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Composite Materials: Applications in Engineering, Biomedicine and Food Science

Composite Materials: Applications in Engineering, Biomedicine and Food Science
A Book

by Shafiquzzaman Siddiquee,Melvin Gan Jet Hong,Md. Mizanur Rahman

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-09-07
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 3030454894
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Composite materials are formed when the combination of separate materials acquire new properties distinct from its components. They have a range of applications in fields such as mechanical and electrical engineering, food science and biomedicine and represent a fast-growing area of research. Composite Materials: Applications in Engineering, Biomedicine and Food Science provides an overview of current technologies and applications related to composite materials in these fields. Organized by discipline, the text encompasses a wide variety of composite materials, including polymer, ceramic, biomaterial, hydroxyapatite, nanofiber and green composites. Early chapters detail the enhanced mechanical, magnetic, dielectric properties of electrical and thermal conductive composite materials, which are essential in daily science. Subsequent chapters focus on filler or reinforcement materials, including carbon materials, hybrid materials and nanomaterials. Particular emphasis is placed on nanocomposite materials, as these have increasingly diverse field applications. Various manufacturing methods, such as the synthesis method and top-down/bottom-up manufacturing, are also discussed. Coverage of the recent progress, challenges and opportunities surrounding composite materials make this text a one-stop reference for engineers, scientists and researchers working in this exciting field.

Polymer Composites in the Aerospace Industry

Polymer Composites in the Aerospace Industry
A Book

by Phil E,Costas Soutis

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-09-17
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 0857099183
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer composites are increasingly used in aerospace applications due to properties such as strength and durability compared to weight. Edited by two leading authorities in the field, this book summarises key recent research on design, manufacture and performance of composite components for aerospace structures. Part one reviews the design and manufacture of different types of composite component. Part two discusses aspects of performance such as stiffness, strength, fatigue, impact and blast behaviour, response to temperature and humidity as well as non-destructive testing and monitoring techniques.

Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design

Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design
A Book

by Philippe Boisse

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-07-29
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 1782423206
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The manufacturing processes of composite materials are numerous and often complex. Continuous research into the subject area has made it hugely relevant with new advances enriching our understanding and helping us overcome design and manufacturing challenges. Advances in Composites Manufacturing and Process Design provides comprehensive coverage of all processing techniques in the field with a strong emphasis on recent advances, modeling and simulation of the design process. Part One reviews the advances in composite manufacturing processes and includes detailed coverage of braiding, knitting, weaving, fibre placement, draping, machining and drilling, and 3D composite processes. There are also highly informative chapters on thermoplastic and ceramic composite manufacturing processes, and repairing composites. The mechanical behaviour of reinforcements and the numerical simulation of composite manufacturing processes are examined in Part Two. Chapters examine the properties and behaviour of textile reinforcements and resins. The final chapters of the book investigate finite element analysis of composite forming, numerical simulation of flow processes, pultrusion processes and modeling of chemical vapour infiltration processes. Outlines the advances in the different methods of composite manufacturing processes Provides extensive information on the thermo-mechanical behavior of reinforcements and composite prepregs Reviews numerical simulations of forming and flow processes, as well as pultrusion processes and modeling chemical vapor infiltration

Marine Applications of Advanced Fibre-reinforced Composites

Marine Applications of Advanced Fibre-reinforced Composites
A Book

by Jasper Graham-Jones,John Summerscales

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-09-28
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0081002009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The marine environment presents significant challenges for materials due to the potential for corrosion by salt water, extreme pressures when deeply submerged and high stresses arising from variable weather. Well-designed fibre-reinforced composites can perform effectively in the marine environment and are lightweight alternatives to metal components and more durable than wood. Marine Applications of Advanced Fibre-Reinforced Composites examines the technology, application and environmental considerations in choosing a fibre-reinforced composite system for use in marine structures. This book is divided into two parts. The chapters in Part One explore the manufacture, mechanical behavior and structural performance of marine composites, and also look at the testing of these composites and end of life environmental considerations. The chapters in Part Two then investigate the applications of marine composites, specifically for renewable energy devices, offshore oil and gas applications, rigging and sails. Underwater repair of marine composites is also reviewed. Comprehensively examines all aspects of fibre-reinforced marine composites, including the latest advances in design, manufacturing methods and performance Assesses the environmental impacts of using fibre-reinforced composites in marine environments, including end of life considerations Reviews advanced fibre-reinforced composites for renewable energy devices, rigging, sail textiles, sail shape optimisation and offshore oil and gas applications