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Fault-Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics

Fault-Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics
A Book

by Eiichi Fukuyama

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-04-24
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780080922461
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The dynamics of the earthquake rupture process are closely related to fault zone properties which the authors have intensively investigated by various observations in the field as well as by laboratory experiments. These include geological investigation of the active and fossil faults, physical and chemical features obtained by the laboratory experiments, as well as the seismological estimation from seismic waveforms. Earthquake dynamic rupture can now be modeled using numerical simulations on the basis of field and laboratory observations, which should be very useful for understanding earthquake rupture dynamics. Features: * First overview of new and improved techniques in the study of earthquake faulting * Broad coverage * Full color Benefits: * A must-have for all geophysicists who work on earthquake dynamics * Single resource for all aspects of earthquake dynamics (from lab measurements to seismological observations to numerical modelling) * Bridges the disciplines of seismology, structural geology and rock mechanics * Helps readers to understand and interpret graphs and maps Also has potential use as a supplementary resource for upper division and graduate geophysics courses.

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes
Evolution of Fault Properties During Seismic Rupture

by Marion Y. Thomas,Thomas M. Mitchell,Harsha S. Bhat

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-07-12
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 1119156882
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Why do earthquakes happen? What properties control the dynamic rupture and what are the processes at play? Chapters in the present volume capture the current state of the art by displaying an overview of the existing knowledge on the physics of dynamic faulting and promote multidisciplinary contributions on the observational and experimental fault fabric and mechanics, the evolution of fault zone physical and chemical properties, dynamic rupture processes and physically, and observationally, consistent numerical modeling of fault zone during seismic rupture. This volume examines questions such as: What are the dynamics processes recorded in fault gouge?What can we learn on rupture dynamic from laboratory experiments? How on-fault and off-fault properties affect seismic ruptures? How do they evolve trough time?Insights from physically, and observationally, consistent numerical modeling Fault Zone Dynamic Processes: Evolution of Fault Properties During Seismic Rupture is a valuable contribution for Earth s scientists, researchers and students interested in the earthquakes processes and properties of on-fault and off-fault zones. Its multidisciplinary content is relevant to a broad audience: structural geologist, experimentalists, rocks mechanicians, seismologist, geophysicists and modelers. (source: Nielsen Book Data ; 9781119156888 20170829) -- Publisher's summary.

Best Practices in Physics-based Fault Rupture Models for Seismic Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Installations

Best Practices in Physics-based Fault Rupture Models for Seismic Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Installations
A Book

by Luis A. Dalguer,Yoshimitsu Fukushima,Kojiro Irikura,Changjiang Wu

  • Publisher : Birkhäuser
  • Release : 2017-12-20
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 3319727095
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume collects several extended articles from the first workshop on Best Practices in Physics-based Fault Rupture Models for Seismic Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Installations (BestPSHANI). Held in 2015, the workshop was organized by the IAEA to disseminate the use of physics-based fault-rupture models for ground motion prediction in seismic hazard assessments (SHA). The book also presents a number of new contributions on topics ranging from the seismological aspects of earthquake cycle simulations for source scaling evaluation, seismic source characterization, source inversion and physics-based ground motion modeling to engineering applications of simulated ground motion for the analysis of seismic response of structures. Further, it includes papers describing current practices for assessing seismic hazard in terms of nuclear safety in low seismicity areas, and proposals for physics-based hazard assessment for critical structures near large earthquakes. The papers validate and verify the models by comparing synthetic results with observed data and empirical models. The book is a valuable resource for scientists, engineers, students and practitioners involved in all aspects of SHA.

Understanding Faults

Understanding Faults
Detecting, Dating, and Modeling

by David Tanner,Christian Brandes

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-10-08
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 0128159863
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding Faults: Detecting, Dating, and Modeling offers a single resource for analyzing faults for a variety of applications, from hazard detection and earthquake processes, to geophysical exploration. The book presents the latest research, including fault dating using new mineral growth, fault reactivation, and fault modeling, and also helps bridge the gap between geologists and geophysicists working across fault-related disciplines. Using diagrams, formulae, and worldwide case studies to illustrate concepts, the book provides geoscientists and industry experts in oil and gas with a valuable reference for detecting, modeling, analyzing and dating faults. Presents cutting-edge information relating to fault analysis, including mechanical, geometrical and numerical models, theory and methodologies Includes calculations of fault sealing capabilities Describes how faults are detected, what fault models predict, and techniques for dating fault movement Utilizes worldwide case studies throughout the book to concretely illustrate key concepts

Mechanics, Structure and Evolution of Fault Zones

Mechanics, Structure and Evolution of Fault Zones
A Book

by Yehuda Ben-Zion,Charles Sammis

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-12-30
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 3034601387
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Considerable progress has been made recently in quantifying geometrical and physical properties of fault surfaces and adjacent fractured and granulated damage zones in active faulting environments. There has also been significant progress in developing rheologies and computational frameworks that can model the dynamics of fault zone processes. This volume provides state-of-the-art theoretical and observational results on the mechanics, structure and evolution of fault zones. Subjects discussed include damage rheologies, development of instabilities, fracture and friction, dynamic rupture experiments, and analyses of earthquake and fault zone data.

Earthquake Processes: Physical Modelling, Numerical Simulation and Data Analysis

Earthquake Processes: Physical Modelling, Numerical Simulation and Data Analysis
A Book

by Mitsuhiro Matsu'ura,Peter Mora,Andrea Donnellan,Xiang-chu Yin

  • Publisher : Birkhäuser
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 3034882033
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the last decade of the 20th century, there has been great progress in the physics of earthquake generation; that is, the introduction of laboratory-based fault constitutive laws as a basic equation governing earthquake rupture, quantitative description of tectonic loading driven by plate motion, and a microscopic approach to study fault zone processes. The fault constitutive law plays the role of an interface between microscopic processes in fault zones and macroscopic processes of a fault system, and the plate motion connects diverse crustal activities with mantle dynamics. An ambitious challenge for us is to develop realistic computer simulation models for the complete earthquake process on the basis of microphysics in fault zones and macro-dynamics in the crust-mantle system. Recent advances in high performance computer technology and numerical simulation methodology are bringing this vision within reach. The book consists of two parts and presents a cross-section of cutting-edge research in the field of computational earthquake physics. Part I includes works on microphysics of rupture and fault constitutive laws, and dynamic rupture, wave propagation and strong ground motion. Part II covers earthquake cycles, crustal deformation, plate dynamics, and seismicity change and its physical interpretation. Topics covered in Part I range from the microscopic simulation and laboratory studies of rock fracture and the underlying mechanism for nucleation and catastrophic failure to the development of theoretical models of frictional behaviors of faults; as well as the simulation studies of dynamic rupture processes and seismic wave propagation in a 3-D heterogeneous medium, to the case studies of strong ground motions from the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake and seismic hazard estimation for Cascadian subduction zone earthquakes.

Living on an Active Earth

Living on an Active Earth
Perspectives on Earthquake Science

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on the Science of Earthquakes

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2003-08-22
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 9780309169097
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The destructive force of earthquakes has stimulated human inquiry since ancient times, yet the scientific study of earthquakes is a surprisingly recent endeavor. Instrumental recordings of earthquakes were not made until the second half of the 19th century, and the primary mechanism for generating seismic waves was not identified until the beginning of the 20th century. From this recent start, a range of laboratory, field, and theoretical investigations have developed into a vigorous new discipline: the science of earthquakes. As a basic science, it provides a comprehensive understanding of earthquake behavior and related phenomena in the Earth and other terrestrial planets. As an applied science, it provides a knowledge base of great practical value for a global society whose infrastructure is built on the Earth's active crust. This book describes the growth and origins of earthquake science and identifies research and data collection efforts that will strengthen the scientific and social contributions of this exciting new discipline.

Seismogenesis and Earthquake Forecasting: The Frank Evison

Seismogenesis and Earthquake Forecasting: The Frank Evison
A Book

by Martha Savage,David A. Rhoades,Euan G. C. Smith,Matthew C. Gerstenberger,David Vere-Jones

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-06-29
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 3034605005
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanics of Earthquake Faulting

Mechanics of Earthquake Faulting
A Book

by A. Bizzarri,S. Das,A. Petri

  • Publisher : IOS Press
  • Release : 2019-07-19
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 1614999791
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The mechanics of earthquake faulting is a multi-disciplinary scientific approach combining laboratory inferences and mathematical models with the analysis of recorded data from earthquakes, and is essential to the understanding of these potentially destructive events. The modern field of study can be said to have begun with the seminal papers by B. V. Kostrov in 1964 and 1966. This book presents lectures delivered at the summer school ‘The Mechanics of Earthquake Faulting’, held under the umbrella of the Enrico Fermi International School of Physics in Varenna, Italy, from 2 to 7 July 2018. The school was attended by speakers and participants from many countries. One of the most important goals of the school was to present the state-of-the-art of the physics of earthquakes, and the 10 lectures included here cover the most challenging aspects of the mechanics of faulting. The topics covered during the school give a very clear picture of the current state of the art of the physics of earthquake ruptures and also highlight the open issues and questions that are still under debate, and the book will be of interest to all those working in the field.

Fall Meeting

Fall Meeting
A Book

by American Geophysical Union. Meeting

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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USGS Tsunami Sources Workshop 2006

USGS Tsunami Sources Workshop 2006
Great Earthquake Tsunami Sources : Empiricism & Beyond : April 21-22, 2006 : [program and Abstracts]

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 46
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Finite-Difference Modelling of Earthquake Motions

The Finite-Difference Modelling of Earthquake Motions
Waves and Ruptures

by Peter Moczo,Jozef Kristek,Martin Gális

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2014-04-24
  • Pages : 383
  • ISBN : 1107028817
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Numerical simulation is an irreplaceable tool in earthquake ground motion research. Among all the numerical methods in seismology, the finite-difference (FD) technique is the most widely-used, providing the best balance of accuracy and computational efficiency. Now, for the first time, this book offers a comprehensive introduction to this method and its applications to earthquake motion"--

The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting

The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting
A Book

by Christopher H. Scholz

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2002-05-02
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1107079039
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Our understanding of earthquakes and faulting processes has developed significantly since publication of the successful first edition of this book in 1990. This revised edition, first published in 2002, was therefore thoroughly up-dated whilst maintaining and developing the two major themes of the first edition. The first of these themes is the connection between fault and earthquake mechanics, including fault scaling laws, the nature of fault populations, and how these result from the processes of fault growth and interaction. The second major theme is the central role of the rate-state friction laws in earthquake mechanics, which provide a unifying framework within which a wide range of faulting phenomena can be interpreted. With the inclusion of two chapters explaining brittle fracture and rock friction from first principles, this book is written at a level which will appeal to graduate students and research scientists in the fields of seismology, physics, geology, geodesy and rock mechanics.

Scientific Drilling

Scientific Drilling
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Scientific Drilling Into the San Andreas Fault at Parkfield, CA

Scientific Drilling Into the San Andreas Fault at Parkfield, CA
Project Overview and Operational Plan

by Mark D. Zoback

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 107
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Earthquake Processes: Physical Modelling, Numerical Simulation and Data Analysis

Earthquake Processes: Physical Modelling, Numerical Simulation and Data Analysis
A Book

by Mitsuhiro Matsu'ura,Peter Mora,Andrea Donnellan,Xiang-chu Yin

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2002-09-26
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN : 9783764369163
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the last decade of the 20th century, there has been great progress in the physics of earthquake generation; that is, the introduction of laboratory-based fault constitutive laws as a basic equation governing earthquake rupture, quantitative description of tectonic loading driven by plate motion, and a microscopic approach to study fault zone processes. The fault constitutive law plays the role of an interface between microscopic processes in fault zones and macroscopic processes of a fault system, and the plate motion connects diverse crustal activities with mantle dynamics. An ambitious challenge for us is to develop realistic computer simulation models for the complete earthquake process on the basis of microphysics in fault zones and macro-dynamics in the crust-mantle system. Recent advances in high performance computer technology and numerical simulation methodology are bringing this vision within reach. The book consists of two parts and presents a cross-section of cutting-edge research in the field of computational earthquake physics. Part I includes works on microphysics of rupture and fault constitutive laws, and dynamic rupture, wave propagation and strong ground motion. Part II covers earthquake cycles, crustal deformation, plate dynamics, and seismicity change and its physical interpretation. Topics in Part II range from the 3-D simulations of earthquake generation cycles and interseismic crustal deformation associated with plate subduction to the development of new methods for analyzing geophysical and geodetical data and new simulation algorithms for large amplitude folding and mantle convection with viscoelastic/brittle lithosphere, as well as a theoretical study of accelerated seismic release on heterogeneous faults, simulation of long-range automaton models of earthquakes, and various approaches to earthquake predicition based on underlying physical and/or statistical models for seismicity change.

The Seismogenic Zone of Subduction Thrust Faults

The Seismogenic Zone of Subduction Thrust Faults
A Book

by Timothy Dixon, PH D,Timothy H. Dixon,J. Casey Moore

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 680
  • ISBN : 9780231138666
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Subduction zones, one of the three types of plate boundaries, return Earth's surface to its deep interior. Because subduction zones are gently inclined at shallow depths and depress Earth's temperature gradient, they have the largest seismogenic area of any plate boundary. Consequently, subduction zones generate Earth's largest earthquakes and most destructive tsunamis. As tragically demonstrated by the Sumatra earthquake and tsunami of December 2004, these events often impact densely populated coastal areas and cause large numbers of fatalities. While scientists have a general understanding of the seismogenic zone, many critical details remain obscure. This volume attempts to answer such fundamental concerns as why some interplate subduction earthquakes are relatively modest in rupture length (greater than 100 km) while others, such as the great (M greater than 9) 1960 Chile, 1964 Alaska, and 2004 Sumatra events, rupture along 1000 km or more. Contributors also address why certain subduction zones are fully locked, accumulating elastic strain at essentially the full plate convergence rate, while others appear to be only partially coupled or even freely slipping; whether these locking patterns persist through the seismic cycle; and what is the role of sediments and fluids on the incoming plate. Nineteen papers written by experts in a variety of fields review the most current lab, field, and theoretical research on the origins and mechanics of subduction zone earthquakes and suggest further areas of exploration. They consider the composition of incoming plates, laboratory studies concerning sediment evolution during subduction and fault frictional properties, seismic and geodetic studies, and regional scale deformation. The forces behind subduction zone earthquakes are of increasing environmental and societal importance.

Dynamic Fracture Mechanics

Dynamic Fracture Mechanics
A Book

by L. B. Freund

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 1998-03-28
  • Pages : 563
  • ISBN : 9780521629225
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume focuses on the development and analysis of mathematical models of fracture phenomena.

Trigger Effects in Geosystems

Trigger Effects in Geosystems
The 5th International Conference, Sadovsky Institute of Geospheres Dynamics of Russian Academy of Sciences

by Gevorg Kocharyan,Andrey Lyakhov

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-16
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN : 3030319709
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the result of collaboration within the frames of the 5th International Conference "Trigger Effects in Geosystems" held in the Institute of Geosphere Dynamics of Russian Academy of Sciences, June 2019. This book aims to raise awareness about different triggering aspects in the geosphere and its effects.The conference provided a multidisciplinary platform with a focus on (i) the influence of natural and anthropogenic factors on the geosphere, geomechanical systems and anthropogenic objects found in a subcritical state and (ii) the influence of these factors on the system “atmosphere - ionosphere”. The problems considered in the book may be interesting for a wide audience including students, professionals, researches, and for the industry.