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Fiber-Reinforced Nanocomposites: Fundamentals and Applications

Fiber-Reinforced Nanocomposites: Fundamentals and Applications
A Book

by Baoguo Han,Sumit Sharma,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Longbiao Li,K. Subrahmanya Bhat

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-03-13
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN : 0128199105
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fiber-reinforced Nanocomposites: Fundamentals and Applications explores the fundamental concepts and emerging applications of fiber-reinforced nanocomposites in the automobile, aerospace, transportation, construction, sporting goods, optics, electronics, acoustics and environmental sector. In addition, the book provides a detailed overview of the properties of fiber-reinforced nanocomposites, including discussion on embedding these high-strength fibers in matrices. Due to the mismatch in structure, density, strain and thermal expansion coefficients between matrix and fibers, their thermo-mechanical properties strongly depend not only on the preparative methods, but also on the interaction between reinforcing phase and matrix phase. This book offers a concise overview of these advances and how they are leading to the creation of stronger, more durable classes of nanocomposite materials. Explores the interaction between fiber, nanoreinforcers and matrices at the nanoscale Shows how the properties of fiber-enforced nanocomposites are ideal for use for a variety of consumer products Outlines the major challenges to creating fiber-reinforced nanocomposites effectively

Mechanics of Particle- and Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites

Mechanics of Particle- and Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites
From Nanoscale to Continuum Simulations

by Sumit Sharma

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-03-03
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1119653622
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Learn to model your own problems for predicting the properties of polymer-based composites Mechanics of Particle- and Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites: Nanoscale to Continuum Simulations provides readers with a thorough and up-to-date overview of nano, micro, and continuum approaches for the multiscale modeling of polymer-based composites. Covering nanocomposite development, theoretical models, and common simulation methods, the text includes a variety of case studies and scripting tutorials that enable readers to apply and further develop the supplied simulations. The book describes the foundations of molecular dynamics and continuum mechanics methods, guides readers through the basic steps required for multiscale modeling of any material, and correlates the results between the experimental and theoretical work performed. Focused primarily on nanocomposites, the methods covered in the book are applicable to various other materials such as carbon nanotubes, polymers, metals, and ceramics. Throughout the book, readers are introduced to key topics of relevance to nanocomposite materials and structures—supported by journal articles that discuss recent developments in modeling techniques and in the prediction of mechanical and thermal properties. This timely, highly practical resource: Explains the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation procedure for nanofiber and nanoparticle reinforced polymer composites Compares results of experimental and theoretical results from mechanical models at different length scales Covers different types of fibers and matrix materials that constitute composite materials, including glass, boron, carbon, and Kevlar Reviews models that predict the stiffness of short-fiber composites, including the self-consistent model for finite-length fibers, bounding models, and the Halpin-Tsai equation Describes various molecular modeling methods such as Monte Carlo, Brownian dynamics, dissipative particle dynamics, and lattice Boltzmann methods Highlights the potential of nanocomposites for defense and space applications Perfect for materials scientists, materials engineers, polymer scientists, and mechanical engineers, Mechanics of Particle- and Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites is also a must-have reference for computer simulation scientists seeking to improve their understanding of reinforced polymer nanocomposites.

Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites
From Macro to Nanoscale

by Sabu Thomas,Laly A.. Pothan

  • Publisher : Archives contemporaines
  • Release : 2009-01-01
  • Pages : 539
  • ISBN : 2914610998
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural fibers and their composites have a long and important place in the history of human creativity and industry. Increasing consumer interest in "green" products made with sustainable materials, along with the rising cost of petroleum - the basic ingredient of synthetic fibers - have once again brought natural fibers and their composites to the fore. The renewed interest in natural fibers is only a few decades old. Thus, the pioneering work of current researchers in this new era of natural fiber composites will help to illuminate the path for future researchers as they explore new potentialities for natural fibers. Sabu Thomas and Laly Pothen, themselves leaders in the field, bring together cutting edge research by eminent scientists in Natural Fiber Reinforced Composites. Covering the latest research trends such as nano technology, the book will be a valuable resource for the natural fiber composite researcher.

Fiber Reinforced Composites

Fiber Reinforced Composites
Constituents, Compatibility, Perspectives and Applications

by Joseph Kuruvilla,Kristiina Oksman,George Gejo,Runcy Wilson,Saritha Appukuttan

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-03-20
  • Pages : 906
  • ISBN : 0128210915
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer-based fibre-reinforced composites FRC’s have now come out as a major class of structural materials being used or regarded as substituent’s for metals in several critical components in space, automotive and other industries (marine, and sports goods) owing to their low density, strength-weight ratio, and fatigue strength. FRC’s have several commercial as well as industrial applications ranging from aircraft, space, automotive, sporting goods, marine, and infrastructure. The above-mentioned applications of FRC’s clearly reveal that FRC’s have the potential to be used in a broad range of different engineering fields with the added advantages of low density, and resistance to corrosion compared to conventional metallic and ceramic composites. However, for scientists/researchers/R&D’s to fabricate FRC’s with such potential there should be careful and precise design followed by suitable process development based on properties like mechanical, physical, and thermal that are unique to each application. Hence the last few decades have witnessed considerable research on fibre reinforced composites. Fibre Reinforced Composites: Constituents, Compatibility, Perspectives and Applications presents a widespread all-inclusive review on fibre-reinforced composites ranging from the different types of processing techniques to chemical modification of the fibre surface to enhance the interfacial adhesion between the matrix and fibre and the structure-property relationship. It illustrates how high value composites can be produced by efficient and sustainable processing methods by selecting different constituents [fibres and resins]. Researchers in academia working in composites and accompanying areas [materials characterisation] and industrial manufacturers who need information on composite constituents and how they relate to each other for a certain application will find the book extremely useful when they need to make decisions about materials selection for their products. Focuses on the different types of FRC’s that are currently available (e.g. from polymeric matrices to metallic and ceramic matrices, from carbon fibre to different types of natural fibres and from short to long fibre reinforced), their processing techniques, characterization of different properties, and how to improve the interfacial adhesion between an incompatible fibre and matrix and their applications Looks at crisis areas such as how to incorporate incompatible fibres and matrices together (e.g. Non-polar polypropylene matrix is not compatible with that of polar natural fibres and hence suitable surface modifications are required to make them compatible with each other) along with low cost processing methods, low density and high strength Uncovers clarifications to both elementary and practical problems related to the fabrication of FRCs Schematic representations depicting the interaction between different fibre types and matrices will be provided in some chapters

High Performance Natural Fiber-Nanoclay Reinforced Cement Nanocomposites

High Performance Natural Fiber-Nanoclay Reinforced Cement Nanocomposites
A Book

by It-Meng Low,Ahmad Hakamy,Faiz Shaikh

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-04-24
  • Pages : 94
  • ISBN : 3319565885
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This brief describes a novel approach to overcome the disadvantages of hemp fibres in cementitious composites. The authors describe how the new approach includes the combination of thermal pre-treatment of nanoclay (producing calcined nanoclay) and chemical pre-treatment of fibre surfaces to improve the microstructure, mechanical, physical and thermal properties and also durability of hemp fibre reinforced cement composites. In this work, the synthesis of several materials are studied: nanoclay-cement nanocomposite, calcined nanoclay-cement nanocomposite, untreated & treated hemp fabric-reinforced cement composite, hemp fabric-reinforced nanoclay-cement nanocomposite and treated hemp fabric-reinforced nanoclay-cement nanocomposite. The influence of nanoclay on properties of cement paste and hemp fabric-reinforced cement composite is also presented together with the influence of NaOH pre-treatment of fibre surfaces on properties of hemp fabric-reinforced cement composite. The authors have aimed this brief at those working on environmental-friendly, biodegradable, building materials.

Interfaces in Particle and Fibre Reinforced Composites

Interfaces in Particle and Fibre Reinforced Composites
Current Perspectives on Polymer, Ceramic, Metal and Extracellular Matrices

by Kheng Lim Goh,Sabu Thomas,Rangika Thilan De Silva,Aswathi M.K.

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-11-27
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 0081027311
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Interfaces in Particle and Fibre-Reinforced Composites: From Macro- to Nanoscale addresses recent research findings on the particle-matrix interface at different length scales. The book's main focus is on the reinforcement of materials by particles that can result in a composite material of high stiffness and strength, but it also focuses on how the particle interacts with the (matrix) material, which may be a polymer, biological-based material, ceramic or conventional metal. The different types of particle reinforced composites are discussed, as is load transfer at the particle-matrix interface. Readers will learn how to select materials and about particle structure. Significant progress has been made in applying these approaches, thus making this book a timely piece on recent research findings on the particle-matrix interface at different length scales. Features wide coverage, from polymer, to ceramics and metal-based particulate composites Structured in a logical order to cover fundamental studies, computer simulations, experimental techniques and characterization

Fiber-Reinforced Composites

Fiber-Reinforced Composites
Materials, Manufacturing, and Design, Third Edition

by P.K. Mallick

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-11-19
  • Pages : 638
  • ISBN : 1420005987
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The newly expanded and revised edition of Fiber-Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing, and Design presents the most up-to-date resource available on state-of-the-art composite materials. This book is unique in that it not only offers a current analysis of mechanics and properties, but also examines the latest advances in test metho

Nanoclay Reinforced Polymer Composites

Nanoclay Reinforced Polymer Composites
Nanocomposites and Bionanocomposites

by Mohammad Jawaid,Abou el Kacem Qaiss,Rachid Bouhfid

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-08-12
  • Pages : 391
  • ISBN : 9811019533
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is part of a two-volume book series that exhaustively reviews the key recent research into nanoclay reinforced polymer composites. This second volume focuses on nanoclay based nanocomposites and bionanocomposites fabrication, characterization and applications. This includes classification of nanoclay, chemical modification and processing techniques of nanocomposites. The book also provides comprehensive information about nanoclay modification and functionalization; modification of nanoclay systems, geological and mineralogical research on clays suitability; bio-nanocomposites based on nanoclays; modelling of mechanical behaviour of halloysite based composites; mechanical and thermal properties of halloysite nanocomposites; the effect of Nanoclays on gas barrier properties of polymers and modified nanocomposites. This book is a valuable reference guide for academics and industrial practitioners alike.

Fatigue Behaviour of Fiber Reinforced Polymers

Fatigue Behaviour of Fiber Reinforced Polymers
Experiments and Simulations

by Weixing Yao,Jacques Renard,Norbert A. Himmel

  • Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 291
  • ISBN : 1605950912
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book is organized around new experiments in and modeling of fatigue and its effects over a range of composite materials subjected to multiple mechanical and thermal stresses. An objective of the investigations discussed is to explain failure mechanisms and improve long-term loading prediction and performance. Chapters in the book are edited and refereed presentations made at the most recent ICFC5 conference, held in Nanjing, China.TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface •Fatigue Life Assessment via Ply-By-Ply Stress Analysis Under Biaxial Loading F. Schmidt, T. J. Adam and P. Horst •A Residual Stiffness—Residual Strength Coupled Model for Composite Laminate Under Fatigue Loading W. Lian •Damage in Thermoplastic Composite Structures: Application to High Pressure Hydrogen Storage Vessels C. Thomas, F. Nony, S. Villalonga and J. Renard •Cyclic Interlaminar Crack Growth in Unidirectional and Braided Composites S. Stelzer, G. Pinter, M. Wolfahrt, A. J. Brunner and J. Noisternig •Experimental Analysis and Modelling of Fatigue Behaviour of Thick Woven Laminated Composites P. Nimdum and J. Renard •Fatigue Behaviour of Woven Composite p Joint J. Zhang, Y. Fu, L. Zhao, X. Liang, H. Huang and B. Fei •Monotonic and Cyclic Deformation Behavior of Ultrasonically Welded Hybrid Joints Between Light Metals and Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) F. Balle and D. Eifler •Fatigue-Driven Residual Life Models Based on Controlling Fatigue Stress and Strain in Carbon Fibre/Epoxy Composites J. J. Xiong, J. B. Bai and C. Y. Luo •An Energy-Based Fatigue Approach for Composites Combining Failure Mechanisms, Strength and Stiffness Degradation H. Krüger, R. Rolfes and E. Jansen •Fatigue Life Prediction Of Off-Axis Unidirectional Laminate F. WU and W.-X. YAO •Thermal Fatigue of AX41 Magnesium Alloy Based Composite Studied Using Thermal Expansivity Measurements Z. Drozd, Z. Trojanová and P. Lukáč •Fabrication of TI/APC-2 Nanocomposite Laminates and Their Fatigue Response at Elevated Temperature M.-H. R. Jen, C.-K. Chang, Y.-C. Sung and F.-C. Hsu •Fatigue and Fracture of Elastomeric Matrix Nanocomposites C. Bathias and S. Dong •Fatigue Delamination of Carbon Fiber Fabrics Reinforced PPS Laminates J. Bassery and J. Renard •Damage Mechanism and Fatigue Behaviour of Uniaxially and Sequentially Loaded Wound Tube Specimens F. Schmidt and P. Horst •Influence of Thermal and Mechanical Cycles on the Damping Behaviour of Mg Based-Nanocomposite Z. Trojanová, A. Makowska-Mielczarek, W. Riehemann and P. Lukáč •Delamination Detection in CFRP Laminates Using A0 and S0 Lamb Wave Modes N. Hu, Y.-L. Liu, H. Fukunaga and Y. Li •Calorimetric Analysis of Dissipative Effects Associated with the Fatigue of GFRP Composites H. Sawadogo, S. Panier and S. Hariri •Correlation Between Crack Propagation Rate and Cure Process of Epoxy Resins V. Trappe, S. Günzel and M. Jaunich Author Index

Fiber Technology for Fiber-Reinforced Composites

Fiber Technology for Fiber-Reinforced Composites
A Book

by M. Ozgur Seydibeyoglu,Amar K. Mohanty,Manjusri Misra

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-05-22
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0081009933
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fiber Technology for Fiber-Reinforced Composites provides a detailed introduction to fiber reinforced composites, explaining the mechanics of fiber reinforced composites, along with information on the various fiber types, including manufacturing of fibers (starting from monomers and precursors), fiber spinning techniques, testing of fibers, and surface modification of fibers. As material technologies develop, composite materials are becoming more and more important in transportation, construction, electronics, sporting goods, the defense industry, and other areas of research. Many engineers working in industry and academics at universities are trying to manufacture composite materials using a limited number of fiber types with almost no information on fiber technology, fiber morphology, fiber properties, and fiber sizing agents. This book fills that gap in knowledge. Unique in that it focuses on a broad range of different fiber types used in composites manufacturing Contains contributions from leading experts working in both industry and academia Provides comprehensive coverage on both natural and nanofibers

Ultra-inert Hierarchical Fibre-reinforced Nanocomposites

Ultra-inert Hierarchical Fibre-reinforced Nanocomposites
A Book

by Michael Quoc-Binh Tan Tran

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermoset Composites

Thermoset Composites
Preparation, Properties and Applications

by Anish Khan,Showkat Ahmad Bhawani, Abdullah M. Asiri,Imran Khan

  • Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
  • Release : 2018-10-10
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 1945291877
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Characterization, design, specific properties and applications of thermoset composites are reported. These composites are presently in high demand because they can be shaped into many-sided segments and structures, and can have a great variety of densities and special physical and mechanical properties. The research reported includes: Energy absorption of fiber reinforced composites; automotive crashworthiness; lignocellulosic composites; hybrid bast fiber reinforced composites; nano-carbon/polymer composites; electromagnetic shielding; structural mechanical applications; electromagnetic field emission applications, conductive composites; epoxy composites for structural purposes; tribological performance of polymeric composites.

Reinforced Polymer Composites

Reinforced Polymer Composites
Processing, Characterization and Post Life Cycle Assessment

by Pramendra K. Bajpai,Inderdeep Singh

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-12-04
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 352734599X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents state-of-the-art processing techniques and readily applicable knowledge on processing of polymer composites The book presents the advancement in the field of reinforced polymer composites with emphasis on manufacturing techniques, including processing of different reinforced polymer composites, secondary processing of green composites, and post life cycle processing. It discusses the advantages and limitations of each processing method and the effect of processing parameters on the overall performance of the composites. Characterization and applications of reinforced polymer composites are also introduced. Reinforced Polymer Composites: Processing, Characterization and Post Life Cycle Assessment starts off by providing readers with a comprehensive overview of the field. It then introduces them to the fabrication of both short fiber/filler reinforced polymer composites and laminated reinforced polymer composites. Next, it takes them through the processing of polymer-based nanocomposites; the many advances in curing methods of reinforced polymer composites; and post life cycle processing, re-processing, and disposal mechanisms of reinforced polymer composites. Numerous other chapters cover: synthetic versus natural fiber reinforced plastics; characterization techniques of reinforced plastics; friction and wear analysis of reinforced plastics; secondary processing of reinforced plastics; and applications of reinforced plastics. -Presents the latest development in materials, processing, and characterization techniques, as well as applications of reinforced polymer composites -Guides users in choosing the best processing methods to produce polymer composites and successfully manufacture high quality products -Assists academics in sorting out basic research questions and helps those in industry manufacture products, such as marine, automotive, aerospace, and sport goods Reinforced Polymer Composites: Processing, Characterization and Post Life Cycle Assessment is an important book for materials scientists, polymer chemists, chemical engineers, process engineers, and anyone involved in the chemical or plastics technology industry.

Advances in Nanostructured Composites

Advances in Nanostructured Composites
Volume 2: Applications of Nanocomposites

by Mahmood Aliofkhazraei

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-07-25
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 0429667035
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first volume of this book covered Section I: Introduction to Nanocomposites Fabrication and Section II: CNT and Graphene Nanocomposites. The present second volume covers Section III: Recent Applications of Nanocomposites. The second volume aims to provide a guide for different applications of modern nanocomposites especially those fabricated by carbon nanotubes and graphene. The book makes a comparative study of fiber-reinforced composites which have been embedded into the matrix with nanocomposites containing nanotubes in place of fibers. The main topics of this volume are: Electrochemical Properties of Nanoporous Based Materials, Fabrication and Application of Graphene Oxide-based Metal and Metal Oxide Nanocomposites, Electrochemical Sensors/Biosensors Based on Carbon Aerogels/Xerogels, Advances in Nanobiocatalysis: Strategies for Lipase Immobilization and Stabilization, Metal Oxide Based Heterojunction Nanoscale Materials for Chemiresistive Gas Sensors, Recent Advances in Polymer Nanocomposite Coatings for Corrosion Protection, Recent Advances in the Design of Nanocomposite Materials via Laser Techniques for Biomedical Applications, Carbonaceous Nanostructured Composites for Electrochemical Power Sources: Fuel Cells, Supercapacitors and Batteries, Bismuth Vanadate Based Nanostructured and Nanocomposite Photocatalyst Materials for Water Splitting Application.

Flow-Induced Alignment in Composite Materials

Flow-Induced Alignment in Composite Materials
A Book

by T.D. Papthanasiou,Andre Benard

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-04-01
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 0128185759
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The purpose of aligning short fibers in a fiber-reinforced material is to improve the mechanical properties of the resulting composite. Aligning the fibers, generally in a preferred direction, allows them to contribute as much as possible to reinforcing the material. The first edition of this book detailed, in a single volume, the science, processing, applications, characterization and properties of composite materials reinforced with short fibers that have been orientated in a preferred direction by flows arising during processing. The technology of fiber-reinforced composites is continually evolving and this new edition provides timely and much needed information about this important class of engineering materials. Each of the original chapters have been brought fully up-to-date and new developments such as: the advent of nano-composites and the issues relating to their alignment; the wider use of long-fiber composites and the appearance of models able to capture their orientation during flow; the wider use of flows in micro-channels in the context of composites fabrication; and the increase in computing power, which has made relevant simulations (especially coupling flow kinematics to fiber content and orientation) much easier to perform are all covered in detail. The book will be an essential up-to-date reference resource for materials scientists, students, and engineers who are working in the relevant areas of particulate composites, short fiber-reinforced composites or nanocomposites. Presents recent progress on flow-induced alignment, modelling and design of fiber and particulate filled polymer composites Discusses important advances such as alignment of CNTs in polymer nanocomposites and molecular alignment of polymers induced by the injection molding process in the presence of fillers such as short fibers Presents fiber interaction/diffusion modelling and also the fiber flexure/breakage models

Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites

Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites
A Book

by Mohammad Jawaid,Mohamed Thariq,Naheed Saba

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-09-14
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN : 0081023006
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites covers key aspects of fracture and failure in natural/synthetic fiber reinforced polymer based composite materials, ranging from crack propagation, to crack growth, and from notch-size effect, to damage-tolerant design. Topics of interest include mechanical properties, such as tensile, flexural, compression, shear, impact, fracture toughness, low and high velocity impact, and anti-ballistic properties of natural fiber, synthetic fibers and hybrid composites materials. It also covers physical properties, such as density, water absorption, thickness swelling, and void content of composite materials fabricated from natural or synthetic materials. Written by leading experts in the field, and covering composite materials developed from different natural fibers and their hybridization with synthetic fibers, the book's chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research on the characterization, analysis and modelling of composite materials. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Discusses recent progress on failure analysis, SHM, durability, life prediction and the modelling of damage in natural fiber-based composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Provides detailed and comprehensive information on mechanical properties, testing methods and modelling techniques

Failure Analysis in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites

Failure Analysis in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites
A Book

by Mohammad Jawaid,Mohamed Thariq,Naheed Saba

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-09-17
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 0081023014
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Failure Analysis in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites covers key aspects of fracture and failure in natural/synthetic fiber reinforced polymer based composite materials, ranging from crack propagation, to crack growth, and from notch-size effect, to damage-tolerant design. The book describes a broad range of techniques and strategies for the compositional and failure analysis of polymeric materials and products. It also illustrates the application of analytical methods for solving commonly encountered problems. Topics of interest include failure analysis, mechanical and physical properties, structural health monitoring, durability and life prediction, modelling of damage processes of natural fiber, synthetic fibers, and more. Written by leading experts in the field, and covering composite materials developed from different natural fibers and their hybridization with synthetic fibers, the book's chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research on the characterization, analysis and modelling of composite materials. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Discusses recent progress on failure analysis, SHM, durability, life prediction and the modelling of damage in natural fiber-based composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Provides detailed and comprehensive information on mechanical properties, testing methods and modelling techniques

Composite Materials Research Progress

Composite Materials Research Progress
A Book

by Lucas P. Durand

  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 307
  • ISBN : 9781600219948
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Composite materials are engineered materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties and which remain separate and distinct on a macroscopic level within the finished structure. Fibre Reinforced Polymers or FRPs include Wood comprising (cellulose fibers in a lignin and hemicellulose matrix), Carbon-fiber reinforced plastic or CFRP, Glass-fibre reinforced plastic or GFRP (also GRP). If classified by matrix then there are Thermoplastic Composites, short fiber thermoplastics, long fibre thermoplastics or long fibre reinforced thermoplastics There are numerous thermoset composites, but advanced systems usually incorporate aramid fibre and carbon fibre in an epoxy resin matrix. Composites can also utilise metal fibres reinforcing other metals, as in Metal matrix composites or MMC. Ceramic matrix composites include Bone (hydroxyapatite reinforced with collagen fibres), Cermet (ceramic and metal) and Concrete. Organic matrix/ceramic aggregate composites include Asphalt concrete, Mastic asphalt, Mastic roller hybrid, Dental composite, Syntactic foam and Mother of Pearl. Chobham armour is a special composite used in military applications. Engineered wood includes a wide variety of different products such as Plywood, Oriented strand board, Wood plastic composite (recycled wood fibre in polyethylene matrix), Pykrete (sawdust in ice matrix), Plastic-impregnated or laminated paper or textiles, Arborite, Formica (plastic) and Micarta. Composite materials have gained popularity (despite their generally high cost) in high-performance products such as aerospace components (tails, wings , fuselages, propellors), boat and scull hulls, and racing car bodies. More mundane uses include fishing rods and storage tanks. This new book presents the latest research from around the world.

Spherical and Fibrous Filler Composites

Spherical and Fibrous Filler Composites
A Book

by Vikas Mittal

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-09-26
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 3527334572
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Scrutinizing various fillers, such as fly ash, inorganic nanoparticles, Kevlar and wood flour, this book exemplifies how the choice of filler influences the micro- and macroscopic behavior of the resulting polymer composites, such as friction, wear and impact resistance. In so doing, the text brings together a number of composite systems using different polymer matrices, different filler systems as well as different processing conditions, thereby serving as a beneficial guide for readers so as to select a particular set of processing conditions or composite constituents for the enhancement of certain properties.

Static and Dynamic Mechanical Responses of CaCO3 Nanoparticle Modified Epoxy/carbon Fiber Nanocomposites

Static and Dynamic Mechanical Responses of CaCO3 Nanoparticle Modified Epoxy/carbon Fiber Nanocomposites
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: Matrix modification of carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites with nanoparticles is an effective way to improve its matrix dominated properties. After nanoparticle modification, understanding mechanical properties is important in structural applications, and improvement of such properties can lead to the usage in the wider fields. This study aimed to investigate experimentally static and dynamic mechanical behaviors of CaCO3 modified epoxy/carbon fiber nanocomposites. For this, we filled various amounts of CaCO3 nanoreinforcements into the epoxy matrix, and the nanoreinforced epoxy was used to impregnate carbon fabrics (CF) by utilizing vacuum assisted resin infusion method (VARIM). The prepared fiber reinforced nanocomposites were subjected to tensile, bending and low velocity impact loadings. As a result of all experiments, the tensile strength of CF/epoxy nanocomposites increased about 48% with the addition of 2wt% CaCO3 nanoreinforcement. The flexural strength enhancements were also determined as 47% for the same CaCO3 nanoreinforcement loading. Besides, by utilizing low-velocity impact tests, we revealed that the CaCO3 nanoparticle reinforced CF/epoxy nanocomposites exhibited higher impact performances compared to neat CF/epoxy composites. The resulting fracture morphologies were examined by electron microscopy to disclose related mechanical toughening mechanisms. Based on the morphological analysis, crack pinning, crack deflection and debonding of nanoparticles were the primary reasons leading to the improvement of toughness. The authors concluded that the addition of the CaCO3 nanoreinforcements in CF/epoxy composites has significantly influenced the mechanical and physical properties of the nanocomposites.