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Fluid Catalytic Cracking Handbook

Fluid Catalytic Cracking Handbook
An Expert Guide to the Practical Operation, Design, and Optimization of FCC Units

by Reza Sadeghbeigi

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2000-06-22
  • Pages : 369
  • ISBN : 0884152898
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Full text engineering e-book.

Fluid Catalytic Cracking Handbook

Fluid Catalytic Cracking Handbook
A Book

by Gaurav Vashishit

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015-08-01
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 9781681173733
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion is a naturally occurring cost, worth billions in the oil and gas sector. New regulations, stiffer penalties for non-compliance and aging assests are all leading companies to develop new technology, procedures and bigger budgets catering to one prevailing method of prevention, cathodic protection. Cathodic Corrosion Protection Systems: A Guide for Oil and Gas industries trains on all the necessary reports, inspection criteria, corrective measures and critical standards needed on various oil and gas equipment, structures, tanks and pipelines. Demands, in the cathodic protection market have driven development for better devices and methods, helping to prolong the equipment and pipeline's life and integrity. Going beyond just looking for leaks, this handbook gives the engineer and manager all the necessary tools needed to put together a safe cathodic protection system, whether it is for buried casing while drilling, offshore structure or submarine pipelines.

Petroleum Refining Design and Applications Handbook

Petroleum Refining Design and Applications Handbook
A Book

by A. Kayode Coker

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-08-09
  • Pages : 654
  • ISBN : 1119257107
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is a renaissance that is occurring in chemical and process engineering, and it is crucial for today's scientists, engineers, technicians, and operators to stay current. With so many changes over the last few decades in equipment and processes, petroleum refining is almost a living document, constantly needing updating. With no new refineries being built, companies are spending their capital re-tooling and adding on to existing plants. Refineries are like small cities, today, as they grow bigger and bigger and more and more complex. A huge percentage of a refinery can be changed, literally, from year to year, to account for the type of crude being refined or to integrate new equipment or processes. This book is the most up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of the most significant and recent changes to petroleum refining, presenting the state-of-the-art to the engineer, scientist, or student. Useful as a textbook, this is also an excellent, handy go-to reference for the veteran engineer, a volume no chemical or process engineering library should be without. Written by one of the world's foremost authorities, this book sets the standard for the industry and is an integral part of the petroleum refining renaissance. It is truly a must-have for any practicing engineer or student in this area.

Springer Handbook of Petroleum Technology

Springer Handbook of Petroleum Technology
A Book

by Chang Samuel Hsu,Paul R. Robinson

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-12-20
  • Pages : 1238
  • ISBN : 3319493477
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook provides a comprehensive but concise reference resource for the vast field of petroleum technology. Built on the successful book "Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing" published in 2006, it has been extensively revised and expanded to include upstream technologies. The book is divided into four parts: The first part on petroleum characterization offers an in-depth review of the chemical composition and physical properties of petroleum, which determine the possible uses and the quality of the products. The second part provides a brief overview of petroleum geology and upstream practices. The third part exhaustively discusses established and emerging refining technologies from a practical perspective, while the final part describes the production of various refining products, including fuels and lubricants, as well as petrochemicals, such as olefins and polymers. It also covers process automation and real-time refinery-wide process optimization. Two key chapters provide an integrated view of petroleum technology, including environmental and safety issues.Written by international experts from academia, industry and research institutions, including integrated oil companies, catalyst suppliers, licensors, and consultants, it is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students as well as practitioners and professionals.

Handbook of Petroleum Refining

Handbook of Petroleum Refining
A Book

by James G. Speight

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-10-26
  • Pages : 769
  • ISBN : 1315356503
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Petroleum refining involves refining crude petroleum as well as producing raw materials for the petrochemical industry. This book covers current refinery processes and process-types that are likely to come on-stream during the next three to five decades. The book includes (1) comparisons of conventional feedstocks with heavy oil, tar sand bitumen, and bio-feedstocks; (2) properties and refinability of the various feedstocks; (3) thermal processes versus hydroprocesses; and (4) the influence of refining on the environment.

Petroleum Refining

Petroleum Refining
Technology, Economics, and Markets, Sixth Edition

by Mark J. Kaiser,Arno de Klerk,James H. Gary,Glenn E. Handwerk

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-09-11
  • Pages : 690
  • ISBN : 1466563028
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For four decades, Petroleum Refining has guided thousands of readers toward a reliable understanding of the field, and through the years has become the standard text in many schools and universities around the world offering petroleum refining classes, for self-study, training, and as a reference for industry professionals. The sixth edition of this perennial bestseller continues in the tradition set by Jim Gary as the most modern and authoritative guide in the field. Updated and expanded to reflect new technologies, methods, and topics, the book includes new discussion on the business and economics of refining, cost estimation and complexity, crude origins and properties, fuel specifications, and updates on technology, process units, and catalysts. The first half of the book is written for a general audience to introduce the primary economic and market characteristics of the industry and to describe the inputs and outputs of refining. Most of this material is new to this edition and can be read independently or in parallel with the rest of the text. In the second half of the book, a technical review of the main process units of a refinery is provided, beginning with distillation and covering each of the primary conversion and treatment processes. Much of this material was reorganized, updated, and rewritten with greater emphasis on reaction chemistry and the role of catalysis in applications. Petroleum Refining: Technology, Economics, and Markets is a book written for users, the practitioners of refining, and all those who want to learn more about the field.

Catalysis for Clean Energy and Environmental Sustainability

Catalysis for Clean Energy and Environmental Sustainability
Petrochemicals and Refining Processes - Volume 2

by K. K. Pant,Sanjay Kumar Gupta,Ejaz Ahmad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 754
  • ISBN : 3030650219
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is part of a two-volume work that offers a unique blend of information on realistic evaluations of catalyst-based synthesis processes using green chemistry principles and the environmental sustainability applications of such processes for biomass conversion, refining, and petrochemical production. The volumes provide a comprehensive resource of state-of-the-art technologies and green chemistry methodologies from researchers, academics, and chemical and manufacturing industrial scientists. The work will be of interest to professors, researchers, and practitioners in clean energy catalysis, green chemistry, chemical engineering and manufacturing, and environmental sustainability. This volume focuses on catalyst synthesis and green chemistry applications for petrochemical and refining processes. While most books on the subject focus on catalyst use for conventional crude, fuel-oriented refineries, this book emphasizes recent transitions to petrochemical refineries with the goal of evaluating how green chemistry applications can produce clean energy through petrochemical industrial means. The majority of the chapters are contributed by industrial researchers and technicians and address various petrochemical processes, including hydrotreating, hydrocracking, flue gas treatment and isomerization catalysts.

Chemical Process Technology

Chemical Process Technology
A Book

by Jacob A. Moulijn,Michiel Makkee,Annelies E. van Diepen

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-03-21
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN : 1118570758
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With a focus on actual industrial processes, e.g. the productionof light alkenes, synthesis gas, fine chemicals, polyethene, itencourages the reader to think “out of the box” andinvent and develop novel unit operations and processes. Reflectingtoday’s emphasis on sustainability, this edition contains newcoverage of biomass as an alternative to fossil fuels, and processintensification. The second edition includes: New chapters on Process Intensification and Processes for theConversion of Biomass Updated and expanded chapters throughout with 35% new materialoverall Text boxes containing case studies and examples from variousdifferent industries, e.g. synthesis loop designs, Sasol I Plant,Kaminsky catalysts, production of Ibuprofen, click chemistry,ammonia synthesis, fluid catalytic cracking Questions throughout to stimulate debate and keep studentsawake! Richly illustrated chapters with improved figures and flowdiagrams Chemical Process Technology, Second Edition is acomprehensive introduction, linking the fundamental theory andconcepts to the applied nature of the subject. It will beinvaluable to students of chemical engineering, biotechnology andindustrial chemistry, as well as practising chemical engineers. From reviews of the first edition: “The authors have blended process technology, chemistryand thermodynamics in an elegant manner… Overall this is awelcome addition to books on chemical technology.”– The Chemist “Impressively wide-ranging and comprehensive… anexcellent textbook for students, with a combination of fundamentalknowledge and technology.” – Chemistry in Britain(now Chemistry World)

Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment

Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
A Book

by Lawrence K. Wang,Yung-Tse Hung,Howard H. Lo,Constantine Yapijakis

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2004-06-29
  • Pages : 1368
  • ISBN : 9780203026519
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presenting effective, practicable strategies modeled from ultramodern technologies and framed by the critical insights of 78 field experts, this vastly expanded Second Edition offers 32 chapters of industry- and waste-specific analyses and treatment methods for industrial and hazardous waste materials-from explosive wastes to landfill leachate to w

Energy Resources and Systems

Energy Resources and Systems
Volume 1: Fundamentals and Non-Renewable Resources

by Tushar Ghosh,Mark Prelas

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-06-17
  • Pages : 778
  • ISBN : 9048123828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the lifetimes of the authors, the world and especially the United States have received three significant “wake-up calls” on energy production and consumption. The first of these occurred on October 15, 1973 when the Yom Kippur War began with an attack by Syria and Egypt on Israel. The United States and many western countries supported Israel. Because of the western support of Israel, several Arab oil exporting nations imposed an oil embargo on the west. These nations withheld five million barrels of oil per day. Other countries made up about one million barrels of oil per day but the net loss of four million barrels of oil production per day extended through March of 1974. This represented 7% of the free world’s (i. e. , excluding the USSR) oil production. In 1972 the price of crude oil was about $3. 00 per barrel and by the end of 1974 the price of oil had risen by a factor of 4 to over $12. 00. This resulted in one of the worst recessions in the post World War II era. As a result, there was a movement in the United States to become energy independent. At that time the United States imported about one third of its oil (about five million barrels per day). After the embargo was lifted, the world chose to ignore the “wake-up call” and went on with business as usual.

Advances in Refining Catalysis

Advances in Refining Catalysis
A Book

by Deniz Uner

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-03-16
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 1315353083
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To meet changing market demands that have stringent emission standards and to ensure proper performance in refinery units, evaluation of novel catalyst designs and results from material characterization and testing of catalysts are of crucial importance for refiners as well as for catalyst manufacturers. This book highlights recent developments in the application of refinery catalysts in selected units such as fluid catalytic cracking (FCC), hydrogen production for hydroprocessing units, hydrotreating, hydrocracking, and sustainable processing of biomass into biofuels.

Turboexpanders and Process Applications

Turboexpanders and Process Applications
A Book

by Heinz P. Bloch,Claire Soares

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2001-06-29
  • Pages : 515
  • ISBN : 9780884155096
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Full text engineering e-book.

Fluidized-Bed Reactors: Processes and Operating Conditions

Fluidized-Bed Reactors: Processes and Operating Conditions
A Book

by John G. Yates,Paola Lettieri

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-09-27
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN : 3319395939
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The fluidized-bed reactor is the centerpiece of industrial fluidization processes. This book focuses on the design and operation of fluidized beds in many different industrial processes, emphasizing the rationale for choosing fluidized beds for each particular process. The book starts with a brief history of fluidization from its inception in the 1940’s. The authors present both the fluid dynamics of gas-solid fluidized beds and the extensive experimental studies of operating systems and they set them in the context of operating processes that use fluid-bed reactors. Chemical engineering students and postdocs as well as practicing engineers will find great interest in this book.

Multiphase Reactor Engineering for Clean and Low-Carbon Energy Applications

Multiphase Reactor Engineering for Clean and Low-Carbon Energy Applications
A Book

by Yi Cheng,Fei Wei,Yong Jin

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-02-22
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 1119251087
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides a comprehensive review on the brand-new development of several multiphase reactor techniques applied in energy-related processes Explains the fundamentals of multiphase reactors as well as the sophisticated applications Helps the reader to understand the key problems and solutions of clean coal conversion techniques Details the emerging processes for novel refining technology, clean coal conversion techniques, low-cost hydrogen productions and CO2 capture and storage Introduces current energy-related processes and links the basic principles of emerging processes to the features of multiphase reactors providing an overview of energy conversion in combination with multiphase reactor engineering Includes case studies of novel reactors to illustrate the special features of these reactors

Physical Chemistry for Chemists and Chemical Engineers

Physical Chemistry for Chemists and Chemical Engineers
Multidisciplinary Research Perspectives

by Alexander V. Vakhrushev,Reza Haghi,J.V. de Julián-Ortiz

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 1351379232
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume is based on different aspects of chemical technology that are associated with research and the development of theories for chemical engineers, helping to bridge the gap between classical analysis and modern, real-life applications. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the authors present the current state-of-the-art technology in key materials with an emphasis on the rapidly growing technologies.

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Named Processes in Chemical Technology

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Named Processes in Chemical Technology
A Book

by Alan E. Comyns

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-06-07
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 9781420008647
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recommended, by Choice Current Reviews for Academic Libraries,. Covering a broad spectrum of chemical technology, from the gigantic Bessemer process for making steel to the microscopic Manasevit process for applying circuits to silicon chips, the Encyclopedic Dictionary of Named Processes in Chemical Technology, Third Edition

Composite Materials for Industry, Electronics, and the Environment

Composite Materials for Industry, Electronics, and the Environment
Research and Applications

by Omari V. Mukbaniani,Devrim Balköse,Heru Susanto,A. K. Haghi

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-06-03
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 0429856229
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new volume focuses on different aspects of composite systems that are associated with research and development, helping to bridge the gap between classical analysis and modern real-life applications. The chapters look at the experimental and theoretical aspects of composite materials, regarding preparation, processing, design, properties, and practical implications. It also presents recent advancements, research, and development prospects of advanced composite materials that provide new solutions for advanced technologies.

Multiphase Catalytic Reactors

Multiphase Catalytic Reactors
Theory, Design, Manufacturing, and Applications

by Zeynep Ilsen Önsan,Ahmet Kerim Avci

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-06-03
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1119248477
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides a holistic approach to multiphase catalytic reactors from their modeling and design to their applications in industrial manufacturing of chemicals Covers theoretical aspects and examples of fixed-bed, fluidized-bed, trickle-bed, slurry, monolith and microchannel reactors Includes chapters covering experimental techniques and practical guidelines for lab-scale testing of multiphase reactors Includes mathematical content focused on design equations and empirical relationships characterizing different multiphase reactor types together with an assortment of computational tools Involves detailed coverage of multiphase reactor applications such as Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, fuel processing for fuel cells, hydrotreating of oil fractions and biofuels processing

Theoretical Models and Experimental Approaches in Physical Chemistry

Theoretical Models and Experimental Approaches in Physical Chemistry
Research Methodology and Practical Methods

by A. K. Haghi,Sabu Thomas,Praveen K.M.,Avinash R. Pai

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-01
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 135159267X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new volume presents an up-to-date review of modern materials and physical chemistry concepts, issues, and recent advances in the field. It presents a modern theoretical and experimental approach in applied physical chemistry. The volume discusses the developments of advanced chemical products and respective tools to characterize and predict the chemical material properties and behavior. With chapters from distinguished scientists and engineers from key institutions worldwide, the volume provides understanding through numerous examples and practical applications drawn from research and development chemistry. It emphasizes the intersection of chemistry, math, physics, and the resulting applications across many disciplines of science and explores applied physical chemistry principles in specific areas. At the same time, each topic is framed within the context of a broader more interdisciplinary approach, demonstrating its relationship and interconnectedness to other areas. This new book fills a gap within modeling texts, focusing on applications across a broad range of disciplines, and presents information on many important problems in physical chemistry. These investigations are accompanied by real-life applications in practice.

China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths
A Book

by Sophia Kalantzakos

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017-11-01
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0190670940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rare earths are elements that are found in the Earth's crust, and are vital ingredients for the production of a wide variety of high tech, defense, and green technologies-everything from iPhones and medical technologies to wind turbines, efficiency lighting, smart bombs, and submarines. While they are not particularly "rare" in availability, they are difficult and expensive to mine. Yet, China has managed to gain control over an estimated 97 percent of the rare earth industry since the 1990s through cheap production, high export taxes, and artificial limitations of supply. Rare earths, and China's monopoly over them, became international news after China "unofficially" curtailed exports to Japan, the United States, and Europe in 2010. This embargo followed a collision between Chinese and Japanese boats in the East China Sea, a locus of geopolitical and economic tension between the two countries. Although the World Trade Organization forced China to scrap its restrictions, it still holds a stranglehold over these elements that are so critical to the economic and security interests of the United States and its allies. In this book, Sophia Kalantzakos argues that the 2010 rare earth crisis signaled more than just a trade dispute. Rather, it raises questions about China's use of economic statecraft, and must be regarded as a part of the larger discourse of global power relations. Importantly, she also argues that the failure of political actors in major industrial nations to enact comprehensive and effective policy solutions, or the scientific and business communities to devise sustainable rare earth production outside of China, points to future resource competition. Focusing on China's monopoly over the rare earth industry, China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths examines the impacts of growing worldwide resource competition and the complexities policymakers face as they develop strategies and responses in an increasingly globalized world.