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Fluorinated Ionomers

Fluorinated Ionomers
A Book

by Walther Grot

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2011-07-15
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 1437744583
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fluorinated ionomer polymers form impermeable membranes that conduct electricity, properties that have been put to use in large-scale electrochemical applications, revolutionizing the chlor-alkali industry and transforming production methods of some of the world’s highest-production commodity chemicals: chlorine, sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide. The use of fluorinated ionomers such as Nafion® have removed the need for mercury and asbestos in these processes and led to a massive reduction in electricity usage in these highly energy-intensive processes. Polymers in this group have also found uses in fuel-cells, metal-ion recovery, water electrolysis, plating, surface treatment of metals, batteries, sensors, drug release technologies, gas drying and humidification, and super-acid catalysis used in the production of specialty chemicals. Walther Grot, who invented Nafion® while working for DuPont, has written this book as a practical guide to engineers and scientists working in electrochemistry, the fuel cell industry and other areas of application. His book is a unique guide to this important polymer group and its applications, in membranes and other forms. The 2e expands this handbook by over a third, with new sections covering developments in electrolysis and membranes, additional information about the synthesis and science of the polymer group, and an enhanced provision of reference data. An essential reference for scientists working with electrolysis and electrochemical processes (the use of this polymer group in industrial chemistry processes is credited with a 1% reduction in global electricity usage) Covers the techniques involved in the growing range of applications for fluorinated ionomers, including fuel cells, batteries and drug delivery The only book on this important polymer group, written by Walther Grot, the inventor of the leading fluorinated ionomer, Nafion® from DuPont

Fluorinated Ionomers

Fluorinated Ionomers
A Book

by Walther Grot

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1437744575
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fluorinated ionomer polymers form impermeable membranes that conduct electricity, properties that have been put to use in large-scale electrochemical applications, revolutionizing the chlor-alkali industry and transforming production methods of some of the world's highest-production commodity chemicals: chlorine, sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide. The use of fluorinated ionomers such as Nafion� have removed the need for mercury and asbestos in these processes and led to a massive reduction in electricity usage in these highly energy-intensive processes. Polymers in this group have also found uses in fuel-cells, metal-ion recovery, water electrolysis, plating, surface treatment of metals, batteries, sensors, drug release technologies, gas drying and humidification, and super-acid catalysis used in the production of specialty chemicals. Walther Grot, who invented Nafion� while working for DuPont, has written this book as a practical guide to engineers and scientists working in electrochemistry, the fuel cell industry and other areas of application. His book is a unique guide to this important polymer group and its applications, in membranes and other forms. The 2e expands this handbook by over a third, with new sections covering developments in electrolysis and membranes, additional information about the synthesis and science of the polymer group, and an enhanced provision of reference data. An essential reference for scientists working with electrolysis and electrochemical processes (the use of this polymer group in industrial chemistry processes is credited with a 1% reduction in global electricity usage) Covers the techniques involved in the growing range of applications for fluorinated ionomers, including fuel cells, batteries and drug delivery The only book on this important polymer group, written by Walther Grot, the inventor of the leading fluorinated ionomer, Nafion� from DuPont

Fluorinated Polymers

Fluorinated Polymers
Volume 2: Applications

by Bruno Ameduri,Hideo Sawada

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2016-11-04
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN : 178262936X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fluoropolymers display a wide range of remarkable properties and are used in a number of applications including high performance elastomers, thermoplastics, coatings for optical fibers, and hydrophobic and lipophobic surfaces. Fluorinated Polymers: Applications covers the recent developments in the uses of fluoropolymers. Examples include materials for energy applications such as fuel cell membranes, lithium ion batteries and photovoltaics, as well as high-tech areas such as aerospace and aeronautics, automotives, building industries, textile finishings and electronics. Written by internationally recognized academic and industrial contributors, the book will be of interest to those in industry and academia working in the fields of materials science, polymer chemistry and energy applications of polymers. Together with Fluorinated Polymers: Synthesis, Properties, Processing and Simulation, these books provide a complete overview of different fluorinated polymer materials and their uses.

Polymers for Electricity and Electronics

Polymers for Electricity and Electronics
Materials, Properties, and Applications

by Jiri George Drobny

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-02-07
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 0470455535
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This book introduces readers to the fundamentals, basic principles, properties, and applications of electrical polymers. It provides the principles in an extended and accessible way, as well as including examples of state-of-the-art scientific issues. The book evaluates emerging technologies such as light emitting diodes, soft electronics, and conductive fibers used for smart clothing or electromagnetic shields, and explains the advantages of conductive polymers as well as their processibility and commercial use. The coverage includes problems for study with solutions within chapters on chemical and physical properties and basic concepts"--

The Characterization of New Fluorinated Ionomers for Use in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells

The Characterization of New Fluorinated Ionomers for Use in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells
A Book

by Scott C. Savett

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern Synthesis Processes and Reactivity of Fluorinated Compounds

Modern Synthesis Processes and Reactivity of Fluorinated Compounds
Progress in Fluorine Science

by Henri Groult,Frederic Leroux,Alain Tressaud

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-11-04
  • Pages : 760
  • ISBN : 0128037903
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern Synthesis Processes and Reactivity of Fluorinated Compounds focuses on the exceptional character of fluorine and fluorinated compounds. This comprehensive work explores examples taken from all classes of fluorine chemistry and illustrates the extreme reactivity of fluorinating media and the peculiar synthesis routes to fluorinated materials. The book provides advanced and updated information on the latest synthesis routes to fluorocompounds and the involved reaction mechanisms. Special attention is given to the unique reactivity of fluorine and fluorinated media, along with the correlation of those properties to valuable applications of fluorinated compounds. Contains quality content edited, and contributed, by leading scholars in the field Presents applied guidance on the preparation of original fluorinated compounds, potentially transferable from the lab scale to industrial applications Provides practical synthesis information for a wide audience interested in fluorine compounds in many branches of chemistry, materials science, and physics

Fluorinated Polymers: Applications

Fluorinated Polymers: Applications
Volume 2

by Bruno Ameduri,Hideo Sawada

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2016-11-08
  • Pages : 419
  • ISBN : 1782629165
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Industrial Aspects of Fluorinated Oligomers and Polymers; Fluoroalkyl Acrylate Polymers and Their Applications; Structural Diversity in Fluorinated Polyphosphazenes: Exploring the Change from Crystalline Thermoplastics to High-Performance Elastomers and Other New Materials; Fluoroplastics and Fluoroelastomers - Basic Chemistry and High-performance Applications; Fluorinated Specialty Chemicals - Fluorinated Copolymers for Paints and Perfluoropolyethers for Coatings; Commercial Synthesis and Applications of Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride); The Role Perfluoropolyethers in the Development of Polymeric Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells; Fluorinated Ionomers and Ionomer Membranes: Monomer and Polymer Synthesis and Applications; Research and Non-major Commercial Co- and Terpolymers of Tetrafluoroethylene; Chlorotrifluoroethylene Copolymers for Energy-applied Materials; Fabrication of Flexible Transparent Nanohybrids with Heat-resistance Properties Using a Fluorinated Crystalline Polymer; Creation of Superamphiphobic, Superhydrophobic/Superoleophilic and Superhydrophilic/Superoleophobic Surfaces by Using Fluoroalkyl-endcapped Vinyltrimethoxysilane Oligomer as a Key Intermediate

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

by Klaus-Dieter Kreuer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-14
  • Pages : 801
  • ISBN : 1461457858
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The expected end of the “oil age” will lead to increasing focus and reliance on alternative energy conversion devices, among which fuel cells have the potential to play an important role. Not only can phosphoric acid and solid oxide fuel cells already efficiently convert today’s fossil fuels, including methane, into electricity, but other types of fuel cells, such as polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells, have the potential to become the cornerstones of a possible future hydrogen economy. Featuring 21 peer-reviewed entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Fuel Cells offers concise yet comprehensive coverage of the current state of research and identifies key areas for future investigation. Internationally renowned specialists provide authoritative introductions to a wide variety of fuel cell types, and discuss materials, components, and systems for these technologies. The entries also cover sustainability and marketing considerations, including comparisons of fuel cells with alternative technologies.

Synthesis and Characterization of Fluorinated Ionomers (based on Perfluoro-2-(2-fluorosulfonylethoxy) Propyl Vinyl Etherxx

Synthesis and Characterization of Fluorinated Ionomers (based on Perfluoro-2-(2-fluorosulfonylethoxy) Propyl Vinyl Etherxx
A Book

by Anna Maria Flach

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Fluoropolymer Science and Technology

Handbook of Fluoropolymer Science and Technology
A Book

by Dennis W. Smith,Scott T. Iacono,Suresh S. Iyer

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-05-05
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 1118850084
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fluoropolymers continue to enable new materials and technologies as a result of their remarkable properties. This book reviews fluoropolymer platforms of established commercial interest, as well as recently discovered methods for the preparation and processing of new fluorinated materials. It covers the research and development of fluoropolymer synthesis, characterization, and processing. Emphasis is placed on emerging technologies in optics, space exploration, fuel cells, microelectronics, gas separation membranes, biomedical instrumentation, and much more. In addition, the book covers the current environmental concerns associated with fluoropolymers, as well as relevant regulations and potential growth opportunities. Concepts, studies, and new discoveries are taken from leading international laboratories, including academia, government, and industrial institutions.

Cellular Structures—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition

Cellular Structures—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2013-06-21
  • Pages : 946
  • ISBN : 1481686410
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cellular Structures—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Intracellular Space. The editors have built Cellular Structures—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Intracellular Space in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Cellular Structures—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Brydson's Plastics Materials

Brydson's Plastics Materials
A Book

by Marianne Gilbert

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2016-09-27
  • Pages : 892
  • ISBN : 0323370225
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Brydson's Plastics Materials, Eighth Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the commercially available plastics materials that bridge the gap between theory and practice. The book enables scientists to understand the commercial implications of their work and provides engineers with essential theory. Since the previous edition, many developments have taken place in plastics materials, such as the growth in the commercial use of sustainable bioplastics, so this book brings the user fully up-to-date with the latest materials, references, units, and figures that have all been thoroughly updated. The book remains the authoritiative resource for engineers, suppliers, researchers, materials scientists, and academics in the field of polymers, including current best practice, processing, and material selection information and health and safety guidance, along with discussions of sustainability and the commercial importance of various plastics and additives, including nanofillers and graphene as property modifiers. With a 50 year history as the principal reference in the field of plastics material, and fully updated by an expert team of polymer scientists and engineers, this book is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in this field. Presents a one-stop-shop for easily accessible information on plastics materials, now updated to include the latest biopolymers, high temperature engineering plastics, thermoplastic elastomers, and more Includes thoroughly revised and reorganised material as contributed by an expert team who make the book relevant to all plastics engineers, materials scientists, and students of polymers Includes the latest guidance on health, safety, and sustainability, including materials safety data sheets, local regulations, and a discussion of recycling issues

Introduction to Fluoropolymers

Introduction to Fluoropolymers
Materials, Technology, and Applications

by Sina Ebnesajjad

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2020-12-08
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 0128192992
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Fluoropolymers, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the history, principles, properties, processing and applications of fluoropolymers, supporting their development and utilization in high-performance applications, components, and products. This second edition has been updated and expanded to include new in-depth chapters on manufacturing and applications of PTFE and melt processible fluoropolymers. The book begins by demonstrating the role of fluoropolymers in everyday life, before introducing the history and basic principles of fluoropolymers. This is followed by detailed coverage of the main fluoropolymer types. Properties and applications are illustrated by real-world examples as diverse as waterproof clothing, vascular grafts and coatings for aircraft interiors. The different applications of fluoropolymers show the benefits of a group of materials that are highly water-repellant and flame-retardant, with unrivalled lubrication properties and a high level of biocompatibility. Health and safety and environmental aspects are also covered throughout the book, with a final chapter examining safety, disposal, and recycling in detail. This book is an essential resource for anyone looking to understand or use fluoropolymer materials in their products. This includes engineers, product designers, manufacturers, scientists, researchers, and other professionals, across industries such as automotive, aerospace, medical devices, food and beverages, high performance apparel, oil and gas, renewable energy, solar photovoltaics, electronics and semiconductors, pharmaceuticals, and chemical processing. This is also a valuable introductory guide for academic researchers and advanced students in plastics engineering, polymer science, and materials science. Introduces and demystifies fluoropolymers for a wide audience of engineers, designers, professionals, and researchers, across industries and disciplines Covers a broad range of materials, including polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), polyvinyl fluoride (PVF), vinylidene fluoride polymers, fluoroelastomers, and more Focuses on properties, processing methods and advanced industrial applications of fluoropolymers

Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells

Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells
A Book

by Javaid Zaidi,Takeshi Matsuura

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-07-15
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 0387735321
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From the late-1960’s, perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSAs) ionomers have dominated the PEM fuel cell industry as the membrane material of choice. The “gold standard’ amongst the many variations that exist today has been, and to a great extent still is, DuPont’s Nafion® family of materials. However, there is significant concern in the industry that these materials will not meet the cost, performance, and durability requirementsnecessary to drive commercialization in key market segments – es- cially automotive. Indeed, Honda has already put fuel cell vehicles in the hands of real end users that have home-grown fuel cell stack technology incorporating hydrocarbon-based ionomers. “Polymer Membranes in Fuel Cells” takes an in-depth look at the new chem- tries and membrane technologies that have been developed over the years to address the concerns associated with the materials currently in use. Unlike the PFSAs, which were originally developed for the chlor-alkali industry, the more recent hydrocarbon and composite materials have been developed to meet the specific requirements of PEM Fuel Cells. Having said this, most of the work has been based on derivatives of known polymers, such as poly(ether-ether ketones), to ensure that the critical requirement of low cost is met. More aggressive operational requi- ments have also spurred the development on new materials; for example, the need for operation at higher temperature under low relative humidity has spawned the creation of a plethora of new polymers with potential application in PEM Fuel Cells.

Nanomaterials for Alcohol Fuel Cells

Nanomaterials for Alcohol Fuel Cells
A Book

by Inamuddin,Tauseef Ahmad Rangreez,Fatih Sen,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
  • Release : 2019-05-25
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 164490019X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alcohol fuel cells are very attractive as power sources for mobile and portable applications. As they convert the chemical energy of fuels into electricity, much recent research is directed at developing suitable and efficient catalysts for the process. The present book focuses on pertinent types of nanomaterial-based catalysts, membranes and supports.

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability
A Book

by Felix N. Büchi,Minoru Inaba,Thomas J. Schmidt

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-02-08
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN : 038785536X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers a significant number of R&D projects, performed mostly after 2000, devoted to the understanding and prevention of performance degradation processes in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). The extent and severity of performance degradation processes in PEFCs were recognized rather gradually. Indeed, the recognition overlapped with a significant number of industrial dem- strations of fuel cell powered vehicles, which would suggest a degree of technology maturity beyond the resaolution of fundamental failure mechanisms. An intriguing question, therefore, is why has there been this apparent delay in addressing fun- mental performance stability requirements. The apparent answer is that testing of the power system under fully realistic operation conditions was one prerequisite for revealing the nature and extent of some key modes of PEFC stack failure. Such modes of failure were not exposed to a similar degree, or not at all, in earlier tests of PEFC stacks which were not performed under fully relevant conditions, parti- larly such tests which did not include multiple on–off and/or high power–low power cycles typical for transportation and mobile power applications of PEFCs. Long-term testing of PEFCs reported in the early 1990s by both Los Alamos National Laboratory and Ballard Power was performed under conditions of c- stant cell voltage, typically near the maximum power point of the PEFC.

Ullmann's Polymers and Plastics

Ullmann's Polymers and Plastics
Products and Processes

by Wiley-VCH

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-03-18
  • Pages : 1934
  • ISBN : 3527685952
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Your personal Ullmann's: Chemical and physical characteristics, production processes and production figures, main applications, toxicology and safety information are all to be found here in one single resource - bringing the vast knowledge of the Ullmann's Encyclopedia to the desks of industrial chemists and chemical engineers. The ULLMANN’S perspective on polymers and plastics brings reliable information on more than 1500 compounds and products straight to your desktop Carefully selected “best of” compilation of 61 topical articles from the Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry on economically important polymers provide a wealth of chemical, physical and economic data on more than 1000 different polymers and hundreds of modifications Contains a wealth of information on the production and use of all industrially relevant polymers and plastics, including organic and inorganic polymers, fibers, foams and resins Extensively updated: more than 30% of the content has been added or updated since the launch of the 7th edition of the Ullmann’s encyclopedia in 2011 and is now available in print for the first time 4 Volumes

Technology of Fluoropolymers, Second Edition

Technology of Fluoropolymers, Second Edition
A Book

by Jiri George Drobny

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-09-19
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 9781420063189
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fully revised and updated, this second edition continues to provide industrial chemists, technologists, and engineers with the most accurate, compact, and practical source on fluoropolymers (such as Teflon). Highlighting new industrial, military, medical, and consumer goods applications, this edition adds more detailed information on equipment and processing conditions. It explores breakthroughs in understanding property-structure relationships, new polymerization techniques, and the chemistry underlying novel polymers, such as melt-processable fluoroplastics. It also expands upon critical environmental aspects of fluoropolymers, including heat degradation, health effects, and recycling.

Handbook of Specialty Fluorinated Polymers

Handbook of Specialty Fluorinated Polymers
Preparation, Properties, and Applications

by Susanta Banerjee

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2015-04-24
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 0323369960
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fluoropolymers are used in applications demanding service at enhanced temperature while maintaining their structural integrity and have excellent combination of chemical, physical and mechanical properties. Advancements in materials and processing technology mean that a huge amount of research is currently taking place into new, high performance applications for specialty fluorinated polymers. This book is a complete review of the current research in synthesizing new fluorinated high performance polymers and their application in the field of low dielectric constant materials, membrane based separation (gas and liquid) and proton exchange membranes. Special emphasis is given to the preparation of soluble high performance polymers by incorporating fluorine and different structural elements so as to use these classes of polymers in different membrane based applications, including low dielectric constant materials, gas separation, pervaporation, proton exchange membranes in fuel cells, and more. The coverage of processing properties and commercial aspects - as well as a practical assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of specialty fluoropolymers compared to other materials - enables engineers and product designers to apply the latest scientific developments in this area in a practical setting. Thorough coverage of modern applications for specialty fluorinated polymers, including membranes and coatings – giving insight into recent research and the future direction of this technology Brings researchers and engineers up to date with the latest developments in specialty fluoropolymers, to assist in future materials research and part design Includes detailed assessment of the advantages and shortcomings of specialty fluorinated polymers, for ease of comparison with alternative materials

Well-Architectured Fluoropolymers: Synthesis, Properties and Applications

Well-Architectured Fluoropolymers: Synthesis, Properties and Applications
A Book

by Bruno Ameduri,Bernard Boutevin

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2004-07-07
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN : 0080474829
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Because of the increasing need for ever better performing materials endowed with specific properties, macromolecular engineering has become a useful tool for designing well-architectured polymers (telomers, telechelics, stars, dendrimers, alternating, block- and graftcopolymers). These polymers are nowadays seeing an enormous growth. Among them, fluoropolymers are seen as high value added materials in many applications ranging from surfactants, optical fibers, biomaterials, coatings, to membranes for fuel cells. Indeed, the relationship between structure of the monomer to the properties of the polymers is of increasing interest so that these properties are tuned for the most appropriate applications. As most fluoropolymers are prepared from radical synthesis, this book devotes various parts on the use of the controlled radical (or pseudo-living) polymerisation of fluoromonomers leading to discoveries of thermoplastic elastomers or original surfactants for polymerisation in supercritical CO2. Well-Architectured Fluoropolymers: Synthesis, Properties and Applications is composed of five chapters starting with a general introduction outlining basic concepts. Emphasis is placed on recent developments, and each chapter describes comprehensive techniques of synthesis of well-defined fluorotelomers or polymers, their properties, characterisations, and their applications, for immediate use by today’s engineers, industrial and academic scientists, and researchers. The book has been arranged to enable self-managed reading and learning. It is both a source of data and a reference. On the synthesis, properties and applications of fluoropolymers: remarkable, high value added materials applied in surfactants, optical fibres, biomaterials, coatings and membranes for fuel cells For immediate use by today's engineers, industrial and academic scientists, and researchers Written to enable self-managed reading and learning, being both a source of data and a reference