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Forensic Testimony

Forensic Testimony
Science, Law and Expert Evidence

by C. Michael Bowers

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-10-01
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN : 9780123970053
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the responsibilities of witnesses going into courts to speak on their forensic technical expertise and analyses. It discusses subjects such as forensic fraud, forensic negligence, and incompetence as well as the failures of individual experts and some less than scientifically validated forensics compared to proper conduct, attitude and presentation of actual scientific data versus personal opinion.

A Guide to Forensic Testimony

A Guide to Forensic Testimony
The Art and Practice of Presenting Testimony as an Expert Technical Witness

by Fred Chris Smith,Rebecca Gurley Bace

  • Publisher : Addison-Wesley Professional
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 509
  • ISBN : 9780201752793
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A technical expert and a lawyer provide practical approaches for IT professionals who need to get up to speed on the role of an expert witness and how testimony works. Includes actual transcripts and case studies.

Forensic Science Evidence and Expert Witness Testimony

Forensic Science Evidence and Expert Witness Testimony
Reliability through Reform?

by Paul Roberts,Michael Stockdale

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2018-11-30
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 1788111036
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Forensic science evidence plays a pivotal role in modern criminal proceedings. Yet such evidence poses intense practical and theoretical challenges. It can be unreliable or misleading and has been associated with miscarriages of justice. In this original and insightful book, a global team of prominent scholars and practitioners explore the contemporary challenges of forensic science evidence and expert witness testimony from a variety of theoretical, practical and jurisdictional perspectives. Chapters encompass the institutional organisation of forensic science, its procedural regulation, evaluation and reform, and brim with comparative insight.

Forensic Testimony

Forensic Testimony
Science, Law and Expert Evidence

by C. Michael Bowers

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-09-07
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0123972604
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Forensic Testimony: Science, Law and Expert Evidence—favored with an Honorable Mention in Law & Legal Studies at the Association of American Publishers' 2015 PROSE Awards—provides a clear and intuitive discussion of the legal presentation of expert testimony. The book delves into the effects, processes, and battles that occur in the presentation of opinion and scientific evidence by court-accepted forensic experts. It provides a timely review of the United States Federal Rules of Evidence (FRE) regarding expert testimony, and includes a multi-disciplinary look at the strengths and weaknesses in forensic science courtroom testimony. The statutes and the effects of judicial uses (or non-use) of the FRE, Daubert, Kumho, and the 2009 NAS Report on Forensic Science are also included. The presentation expands to study case law, legal opinions, and studies on the reliability and pitfalls of forensic expertise in the US court system. This book is an essential reference for anyone preparing to give expert testimony of forensic evidence. Honorable Mention in the 2015 PROSE Awards in Law & Legal Studies from the Association of American Publishers A multi-disciplinary forensic reference examining the strengths and weaknesses of forensic science in courtroom testimony Focuses on forensic testimony and judicial decisions in light of the Federal Rules of Evidence, case interpretations, and the NAS report findings Case studies, some from the Innocence Project, assist the reader in distinguishing good testimony from bad

Professional Issues in Forensic Science

Professional Issues in Forensic Science
A Book

by Max M. Houck

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-04-15
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 0128006234
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Professional Issues in Forensic Science will introduce students to various topics they will encounter within the field of Forensic Science. Legal implications within the field will focus on expert witness testimony and procedural rules defined by both legislative statute and court decisions. These decisions affect the collection, analysis, and court admissibility of scientific evidence, such as the Frye and Daubert standards and the Federal Rules of Evidence. Existing and pending Forensic Science legislation will be covered, including laws governing state and national DNA databases. Ethical concerns stemming from the day-to-day balancing of competing priorities encountered by the forensic student will be discussed. Such competing priorities may cause conflicts between good scientific practice and the need to expedite work, meet legal requirements, and satisfy client’s wishes. The role of individual morality in Forensic Science and competing ethical standards between state and defense experts will be addressed. Examinations of ethical guidelines issued by various professional forensic organizations will be conducted. Students will be presented with examples of ethical dilemmas for comment and resolution. The management of crime laboratories will provide discussion on quality assurance/quality control practices and the standards required by the accreditation of laboratories and those proposed by Scientific Working Groups in Forensic Science. The national Academy of Sciences report on Strengthening Forensic Science will be examined to determine the impact of the field. Professional Issues in Forensic Science is a core topic taught in forensic science programs. This volume will be an essential advanced text for academics and an excellent reference for the newly practicing forensic scientist. It will also fit strategically and cluster well with our other forensic science titles addressing professional issues. Introduces readers to various topics they will encounter within the field of Forensic Science Covers legal issues, accreditation and certification, proper analysis, education and training, and management issues Includes a section on professional organizations and groups, both in the U.S. and Internationally Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion question and additional reading suggestions

Keeping Boundaries

Keeping Boundaries
Maintaining Safety and Integrity in the Psychotherapeutic Process

by Richard S. Epstein

  • Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 9780880486606
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Keeping Boundaries is an across-the-board review of the subject of boundary maintenance in psychotherapy. Using a comprehensive approach, this book examines the problem of therapeutic boundaries and boundary violations from multiple viewpoints, including historical antecedents, sociological mechanisms, object relations theory, psychodynamic theory, practical technique, and the mental health and training of psychotherapists. It covers a variety of boundary issues, including dual relationships, informed consent, fees, gifts from patients, maintaining confidentiality, avoiding abuse of power, and helping therapists to protect themselves against exploitive patients. Written in a clear and jargon-free style, this book provides the therapist with practical clinical advice supported by extensive references and clinical vingnettes.

Forensic Memory

Forensic Memory
Literature after Testimony

by Johanne Helbo Bøndergaard

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-10-14
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 331951766X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes and analyses a particular literary mode that challenges the aesthetics of testimony by approaching the past through detection, analysis, and ‘archaeological’ digging. How does forensic literature narrate the past in terms of plot, language, narration, and use of visual media? This volume examines how forensic literature provides an important corrective to the forensic paradigm and a means of exploring the relationship between visual and material evidence and various forms of testimony. This literary engagement with the past is investigated in order to challenge a forensic paradigm that aims to eliminate the problems related to human testimony through scientific objectivity, resulting in a fresh and original text in which Bøndergaard argues literature’s potential to explore the mechanisms of representation, interpretation, and narration.

Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners

Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners
A Book

by Hillary Moses Daluz

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-08-31
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 100042233X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fingerprint examiners today are expected to develop, research and defend the scientific basis of their conclusions. Recent emphasis placed on scientific rigor and transparency through documentation has created a culture shift in the field. Many examiners are baffled by the resulting cultural, procedural and scientific distinctions, often becoming overwhelmed when required to testify as an expert witness to explain such concepts in the courtroom. Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners addresses all aspects of courtroom testimony as the first book to focus solely on testifying on fingerprint evidence as a comparative science. The book is presented in two parts. Section I addresses general expert witnessing for forensic scientists. This serves as a primer for the novice or a review for experienced witnesses covering such topics as the structure of the criminal justice system and federal rules of evidence, the role of the expert witness, testimony as teaching, presenting challenging scientific concepts to the layperson, court preparation, the three phases of expert witness testimony and landmark court decisions that have shaped the modern landscape of forensic testimony. Section II focuses on specific issues affecting fingerprint examiners and how to field questions during both direct and cross-examination. While such "hot button" topics are absent from currently available texts, this section pays particular attention to these salient, emerging topics. This includes evidentiary challenges to fingerprint evidence, relevant publications such as the PCAST report, nomenclature and standards development, issues surrounding cognitive bias and subjectivity, probability models, error rates and cases of error and how to address issues of minimum point standards in both the empirical and holistic traditions. Both Section I and Section II provide examples and present innovations applicable to latent and tenprint examiners. Features include: Presents a history of fingerprint evidence and current best practices and limits on characterizing fingerprint evidence in court, including appropriate nomenclature Provides current guidelines and recommendations for standards and the courtroom Illustrates how experts can work with attorneys so that the testimony process educates and informs jurors and judges rather than perpetuating an adversarial dynamic Addresses important issues such as cognitive bias, subjectivity, error rates, probability models and ethics As a forensic training instructor for professionals – and previously as a college professor – author Hillary Moses Daluz has spent the past ten years teaching courtroom testimony courses to forensic scientists. Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners offers an invaluable resource to forensic scientists, latent print examiners, tenprint examiners, lab personnel in related comparative fields, attorneys, investigative professionals and students enrolled in forensic science university programs.

Handbook of Digital and Multimedia Forensic Evidence

Handbook of Digital and Multimedia Forensic Evidence
A Book

by John J. Barbara

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-12-28
  • Pages : 139
  • ISBN : 1597455776
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume presents an overview of computer forensics perfect for beginners. A distinguished group of specialist authors have crafted chapters rich with detail yet accessible for readers who are not experts in the field. Tying together topics as diverse as applicable laws on search and seizure, investigating cybercrime, and preparation for courtroom testimony, Handbook of Digital and Multimedia Evidence is an ideal overall reference for this multi-faceted discipline.

Forensic Evidence

Forensic Evidence
Science and the Criminal Law, Second Edition

by Terrence F. Kiely

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2005-11-29
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 1420038060
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the greatest challenges encountered by those in the forensic sciences is anticipating what the state and federal courts will – or will not – allow as valid physical evidence. With this in mind, the author of Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law, Second Edition analyzes and explains the judicial system’s response to the applicability of forensic science in the investigation, prosecution, and defense of criminal activity. Each chapter of this comprehensive yet accessible resource provides an overview and analysis of the scientific and legal aspects of a particular forensic discipline. An important new feature of this second edition is that each chapter focuses on discussions of recent forensics literature reviews from Interpol’s 14th Annual Forensic Science Symposium. This latest edition also updates previously discussed cases and presents the most recent applications of the Frye and Daubert standards, the admissibility of eyewitness identification, the upsurge of cases and statutes that involve post-conviction DNA, and the increased interest in re-examining cold cases. As challenges to forensic evidence become increasingly rigorous, so does the need for intense preparation. Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law, Second Edition is the book that those in the forensic sciences need to have on hand to successfully prepare for what may await them in the courtroom.

Mastering Expert Testimony

Mastering Expert Testimony
A Courtroom Handbook for Mental Health Professionals

by William T. Tsushima,Robert M. Anderson, Jr.

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 1996-09-01
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 1135692815
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The past two decades have seen a rapidly growing involvement of psychologists and psychiatrists in legal proceedings for criminal cases, divorces, and traffic and industrial accidents. Mental health professionals are traditionally not trained to cope with the legal responsibilities that arise from their routine clinical work and are eager to learn the professional skills that are needed in forensic settings. There is presently no book which focuses entirely on the strategies and verbal tactics employed by attorneys who critically examine and challenge the testimony of mental health professionals. If psychologists and psychiatrists can familiarize themselves with the kind of questions and verbal exchanges that take place in the courtroom, they would be better prepared to provide their expertise in an effective manner. This book fills that need. Designed as a practical handbook to assist practitioners from all mental health disciplines, it focuses on typical courtroom dialogue between attorneys and mental health professionals who testify regarding their psychotherapy clients and also those who are hired by attorneys specifically to provide expert opinions. The authors, who have extensive experience in the courtroom, offer well-thought-out, effective responses as contrasted with impulsive and weak answers to attorneys' queries. Actual cases are employed to illustrate typical challenges in various legal areas, including criminal law, child custody hearings, and personal injury cases. Certain forensic issues such as the scientific bases of expert opinions, the accuracy of psychological vs. medical tests, and malingering, are emphasized throughout the chapters. The book is based on the belief that exposure to courtroom dialogue enhances the awareness of appropriate professional responses to an attorney's cross-examination and greatly alleviates fear toward a situation well-known to provoke intense levels of anxiety. Although it is written alluding to the forensic psychologist or psychiatrist, the strategies for the witness are readily applicable in most instances to all mental health professionals. Issues such as therapist bias, unconfirmed observations, and cultural and ethnic factors are clearly relevant to all who provide mental health services.

Children's Testimony

Children's Testimony
A Handbook of Psychological Research and Forensic Practice

by Michael E. Lamb,David J. La Rooy,Lindsay C. Malloy,Carmit Katz

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-06-01
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1119996155
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The second edition of Children’s Testimony is a fully up-to-date resource for practitioners and researchers working in forensic contexts and concerned with children's ability to provide reliable testimony about abuse. Written for both practitioners and researchers working in forensic contexts, including investigative interviewers, police officers, lawyers, judges, expert witnesses, and social workers Explores a range of issues involved with children's testimony and their ability to provide reliable testimony about experienced or witnessed events, including abuse Avoids jargon and highly technical language Includes a comprehensive range of contributions from an international group of practitioners and researchers to ensure topicality and relevance

Convicting the Innocent

Convicting the Innocent
A Book

by Brandon Garrett

  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 2011-08-04
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 0674060989
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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DNA exonerations have shattered confidence in the criminal justice system by exposing how often we have convicted the innocent and let the guilty walk free. In this unsettling analysis, Garrett examines what went wrong in the cases of the first 250 people exonerated by DNA testing, and proposes systemic reforms.

Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners

Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners
A Book

by Hillary Moses Daluz

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-08-30
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 1000421589
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Fingerprint examiners today are expected to develop, research and defend the scientific basis of their conclusions. Recent emphasis placed on scientific rigor and transparency through documentation has created a culture shift in the field. Many examiners are baffled by the resulting cultural, procedural and scientific distinctions, often becoming overwhelmed when required to testify as an expert witness to explain such concepts in the courtroom. Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners addresses all aspects of courtroom testimony as the first book to focus solely on testifying on fingerprint evidence as a comparative science. The book is presented in two parts. Section I addresses general expert witnessing for forensic scientists. This serves as a primer for the novice or a review for experienced witnesses covering such topics as the structure of the criminal justice system and federal rules of evidence, the role of the expert witness, testimony as teaching, presenting challenging scientific concepts to the layperson, court preparation, the three phases of expert witness testimony and landmark court decisions that have shaped the modern landscape of forensic testimony. Section II focuses on specific issues affecting fingerprint examiners and how to field questions during both direct and cross-examination. While such "hot button" topics are absent from currently available texts, this section pays particular attention to these salient, emerging topics. This includes evidentiary challenges to fingerprint evidence, relevant publications such as the PCAST report, nomenclature and standards development, issues surrounding cognitive bias and subjectivity, probability models, error rates and cases of error and how to address issues of minimum point standards in both the empirical and holistic traditions. Both Section I and Section II provide examples and present innovations applicable to latent and tenprint examiners. Features include: Presents a history of fingerprint evidence and current best practices and limits on characterizing fingerprint evidence in court, including appropriate nomenclature Provides current guidelines and recommendations for standards and the courtroom Illustrates how experts can work with attorneys so that the testimony process educates and informs jurors and judges rather than perpetuating an adversarial dynamic Addresses important issues such as cognitive bias, subjectivity, error rates, probability models and ethics As a forensic training instructor for professionals – and previously as a college professor – author Hillary Moses Daluz has spent the past ten years teaching courtroom testimony courses to forensic scientists. Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners offers an invaluable resource to forensic scientists, latent print examiners, tenprint examiners, lab personnel in related comparative fields, attorneys, investigative professionals and students enrolled in forensic science university programs.

Testimony That Sticks

Testimony That Sticks
The Art of Communicating Psychology and Neuropsychology to Juries

by Karen Postal

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2019-02-04
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 0190467401
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Following on the success of Feedback That Sticks (Oxford, 2013), Karen Postal demonstrates, through the words of forensic experts, how to translate complex, highly technical neuropsychological and psychological information for jurors in a way that is engaging, understandable, and (to quote Faulkner) sets the truth on fire. Testimony That Sticks shares the fruits of four years of in-depth interviews with over 70 seasoned forensic neuropsychologists and psychologists, as well as attorneys and judges, presenting what experts actually say on the stand: how they use compelling analogies, metaphors, and succinct explanations of assessment processes and findings, as well as principles of productive expert testimony for direct and cross examination. This book allows readers to be a fly on the wall as seasoned forensic neuropsychologists and psychologists share what they actually say on the stand: their best strategies and techniques for communicating science to juries and other triers of fact. Readers also have access to the thoughts of attorneys and judges as they watch expert testimony and weigh in on what works and doesn't, and what they need from the forensic neuropsychology and psychology professions to create more productive testimony. At its heart, the book shows how academics can shed their academic communication style learned in years of scientific training that results in the inability to communicate clearly and simply about psychology and neuroscience. This landmark book is about shedding jargon, giving academics permission to allow emotion to creep back into their language, freeing up body language, and using vivid, clear, language to create moments of genuine, productive communication with jurors and other triers of fact.

Ethics for the Public Service Professional

Ethics for the Public Service Professional
A Book

by Aric W. Dutelle, M. F. S.

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-03-22
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 1439891184
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Public service professionals — government officials, those in the legal system, first responders, and investigators — confront ethical issues every day. In an environment where each decision can mean the difference between life and death or freedom and imprisonment, deciding on an ethical course of action can pose challenges to even the most seasoned professional. Ethics for the Public Service Professional explores these issues as they relate to virtually all areas of public service. Examining the history of ethics, codes, and legislation relating to public service, this volume: Provides timely coverage of current police and public service controversies Discusses important new mechanisms of accountability, including comprehensive use-of-force reporting, citizen complaint procedures, early intervention systems, and police auditors Presents real-life situations faced by those within public service, encouraging discussion and debate Incorporates news stories throughout the text to demonstrate the diverse scope of ethical issues within the public service workplace Includes a list of Web sites to facilitate further research Each chapter begins with learning objectives to emphasize active rather than passive learning, along with key terms for readers to assimilate. Many chapters contain Ripped from the Headlines current event examples that demonstrate actual scenarios involving the issues discussed within the chapter. Case studies and summations further assist readers in comprehending the material, along with sections offering insight from public servants specializing in a particular area. Review questions at the end of each chapter test comprehension.

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States
Hearing Before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, First Session, September 9, 2009

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 199
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology

Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology
A Book

by Charles Spielberger

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2004-09-16
  • Pages : 2688
  • ISBN : 0126574103
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encompasses topics including aging (geropsychology), assessment, clinical, cognitive, community, counseling, educational, environmental, family, industrial/organizational, health, school, sports, and transportation psychology. Each entry provides a clear definition, a brief review of the theoretical basis, and emphasizes major areas of application.

Computer Forensics

Computer Forensics
Evidence Collection and Management

by Robert C. Newman

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-03-09
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0849305624
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computer Forensics: Evidence Collection and Management examines cyber-crime, E-commerce, and Internet activities that could be used to exploit the Internet, computers, and electronic devices. The book focuses on the numerous vulnerabilities and threats that are inherent on the Internet and networking environments and presents techniques and suggestions for corporate security personnel, investigators, and forensic examiners to successfully identify, retrieve, and protect valuable forensic evidence for litigation and prosecution. The book is divided into two major parts for easy reference. The first part explores various crimes, laws, policies, forensic tools, and the information needed to understand the underlying concepts of computer forensic investigations. The second part presents information relating to crime scene investigations and management, disk and file structure, laboratory construction and functions, and legal testimony. Separate chapters focus on investigations involving computer systems, e-mail, and wireless devices. Presenting information patterned after technical, legal, and managerial classes held by computer forensic professionals from Cyber Crime Summits held at Kennesaw State University in 2005 and 2006, this book is an invaluable resource for those who want to be both efficient and effective when conducting an investigation.

AP Statistics

AP Statistics
With 6 Practice Tests

by Martin Sternstein

  • Publisher : Barrons Educational Series
  • Release : 2020-08-04
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN : 1506262023
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Barron’s AP Statistics has in-depth content review, practice tests, and expert explanations to help students feel prepared on test day. This edition includes: • Five full-length practice tests in the book • One diagnostic test to identify strengths and weaknesses so students can focus their study on areas for improvement • Comprehensive subject review for all test topics • Tips on how to select an appropriate procedure for the inference question on the exam • Suggestions on how to prepare for the challenging Investigative Task on the exam • Thirty-seven quizzes to be used as progress checks • Fifty Misconceptions • Fifty Common Errors students make on the AP exam • Fifty AP Exam Hints, Advice, and Reminders • A guide to basic uses of TI, Casio, and HP graphing calculators