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Foundations of Modern Global Seismology

Foundations of Modern Global Seismology
A Book

by Charles J. Ammon,Aaron A. Velasco,Thorne Lay,Terry C. Wallace

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-10-13
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 0128165170
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern Global Seismology, Second Edition, is a complete, self-contained primer on seismology, featuring extensive coverage of all related aspects—from observational data through prediction—and emphasizing the fundamental theories and physics governing seismic waves, both natural and anthropogenic. Based on thoroughly class-tested material, the text provides a unique perspective on Earth’s large-scale internal structure and dynamic processes, particularly earthquake sources, and the application of theory to the dynamic processes of the earth’s upper layer. This insightful new edition is designed for accessibility and comprehension for graduate students entering the field. Exploration seismologists will also find it an invaluable resource on topics such as elastic-wave propagation, seismic instrumentation, and seismogram analysis. Includes more than 400 illustrations, from both recent and traditional research articles, to help readers visualize mathematical relationships, as well as boxed features to explain advanced topics Offers incisive treatments of seismic waves, waveform evaluation and modeling, and seismotectonics, as well as quantitative treatments of earthquake source mechanics and numerous examples of modern broadband seismic recordings Covers current seismic instruments and networks and demonstrates modern waveform inversion methods Includes extensive, updated references for further reading new to this edition Features reorganized chapters split into two sections, beginning with introductory content such as tectonics and seismogram analysis, and moving on to more advanced topics, including seismic wave excitation and propagation, multivariable and vector calculus, and tensor approaches Completely updated references and figures to bring the text up to date Includes all-new sections on recent advancements and to enhance examples and understanding Split into shorter chapters to allow more flexibility for instructors and easier access for researchers, and includes exercises

Modern Global Seismology

Modern Global Seismology
A Book

by Thorne Lay,Terry C. Wallace

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1995-05-18
  • Pages : 521
  • ISBN : 9780080536712
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Intended as an introduction to the field, Modern Global Seismology is a complete, self-contained primer on seismology. It features extensive coverage of all related aspects, from observational data through prediction, emphasizing the fundamental theories and physics governing seismic waves--both natural and anthropogenic. Based on thoroughly class-tested material, the text provides a unique perspective on the earths large-scale internal structure and dynamic processes, particularly earthquake sources, and on the application of theory to the dynamic processes of the earths upper skin. Authored by two experts in the field of geophysics. this insightful text is designed for the first-year graduate course in seismology. Exploration seismologists will also find it an invaluable resource on topics such as elastic-wave propagation, seismicinstrumentation, and seismogram analysis useful in interpreting their high-resolution images of structure for oil and mineral resource exploration. More than 400 illustrations, many from recent research articles, help readers visualize mathematical relationships 49 Boxed Features explain advanced topics Provides readers with the most in-depth presentation of earthquake physics available Contains incisive treatments of seismic waves, waveform evaluation and modeling, and seismotectonics Provides quantitative treatment of earthquake source mechanics Contains numerous examples of modern broadband seismic recordings Fully covers current seismic instruments and networks Demonstrates modern waveform inversion methods Includes extensive references for further reading

Review of NASA's Solid-Earth Science Strategy

Review of NASA's Solid-Earth Science Strategy
A Book

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee to Review NASA's Solid-Earth Science Strategy

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2004-09-13
  • Pages : 56
  • ISBN : 9780309165716
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The report reviews NASA's solid-earth science strategy, placing particular emphasis on observational strategies for measuring surface deformation, high-resolution topography, surface properties, and the variability of the earth’s magnetic and gravity fields. The report found that NASA is uniquely positioned to implement these observational strategies and that a number of agency programs would benefit from the resulting data. In particular, the report strongly endorses the near-term launch of a satellite dedicated to L-band InSAR measurements of the land surface, which is a key component of the U.S. Geological Survey’s hazards mitigation program and the multi-agency EarthScope program.

Theoretical Global Seismology

Theoretical Global Seismology
A Book

by F. A. Dahlen,Jeroen Tromp

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2020-08-04
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 0691216150
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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After every major earthquake, the Earth rings like a bell for several days. These free oscillations of the Earth and the related propagating body and surface waves are routinely detected at broad-band seismographic stations around the world. In this book, F. A. Dahlen and Jeroen Tromp present an advanced theoretical treatment of global seismology, describing the normal-mode, body-wave, and surface-wave methods employed in the determination of the Earth's three-dimensional internal structure and the source mechanisms of earthquakes. The authors provide a survey of both the history of global seismological research and the major theoretical and observational advances made in the past decade. The book is divided into three parts. In the first, "Foundations," Dahlen and Tromp give an extensive introduction to continuum mechanics and discuss the representation of seismic sources and the free oscillations of a completely general Earth model. The resulting theory should provide the basis for future scientific discussions of the elastic-gravitational deformation of the Earth. The second part, "The Spherical Earth," is devoted to the free oscillations of a spherically symmetric Earth. In the third part, "The Aspherical Earth," the authors discuss methods of dealing with the Earth's three-dimensional heterogeneity. The book is concerned primarily with the forward problem of global seismology--detailing how synthetic seismograms and spectra may be calculated and interpreted. As a long-needed unification of theories in global seismology, the book will be important to graduate students and to professional seismologists, geodynamicists, and geomagnetists, as well as to astronomers who study the free oscillations of the Sun and other stars.

Foundations of Statistical Inference

Foundations of Statistical Inference
Proceedings of the Shoresh Conference 2000 ; with 18 Tables

by Yoel Haitovsky,Hans Rudolf Lerche

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2003-05-22
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN : 9783790800470
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume is a compressed survey containing recent results on statistics of stochastic processes and on identification with incomplete observations. It comprises a collection of papers presented at the Shoresh Conference 2000 on the Foundation of Statistical Inference. The papers cover the following areas with high research activity: - Identification with Incomplete Observations, Data Mining, - Bayesian Methods and Modelling, - Testing, Goodness of Fit and Randomness, - Statistics of Stationary Processes.

Fundamentals of Seismic Loading on Structures

Fundamentals of Seismic Loading on Structures
A Book

by Tapan K. Sen

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-04-29
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 0470742356
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a practical guide to the basic essentials of earthquake engineering with a focus on seismic loading and structural design. Benefiting from the author’s extensive career in structural and earthquake engineering, dynamic analysis and lecturing, it is written from an industry perspective at a level suitable for graduate students. Fundamentals of Seismic Loading on Structures is organised into four major sections: introduction to earthquakes and related engineering problems, analysis, seismic loading, and design concepts. From a practical perspective, reviews linear and non-linear behaviour, introduces concepts of uniform hazard spectra, discusses loading provisions in design codes and examines soil-structure interaction issues, allowing the reader to quickly identify and implement information in a working environment. Discusses probabilistic methods that are widely employed in the assessment of seismic hazard, illustrating the use of Monte Carlo simulation with a number of worked examples. Summarises the latest developments in the field such as performance-based seismic engineering and advances in liquefaction research. “There are many books on earthquake engineering, but few are of direct use to the practising structural designer. This one, however, offers a new perspective, putting emphasis on the practical aspects of quantifying seismic loading, and explaining the importance of geotechnical effects during a major seismic event in readily understandable terms. The author has succeeded in marrying important seismological considerations with structural engineering practice, and this long-awaited book will find ready acceptance in the profession.” Professor Patrick J. Dowling CBE, DL, DSc, FIStructE, Hon MRIA, FIAE, FREng, FRS Chairman, British Association for the Advancement of Science Emeritus Professor and Retired Vice Chancellor, University of Surrey

Fundamentals of Geophysics

Fundamentals of Geophysics
A Book

by William Lowrie

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 1997-09-11
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 9780521467285
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This core undergraduate textbook presents a comprehensive overview of each major branch of theoretical and applied geophysics.

Full-3D Seismic Waveform Inversion

Full-3D Seismic Waveform Inversion
Theory, Software and Practice

by Po Chen,En-Jui Lee

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-09-10
  • Pages : 513
  • ISBN : 3319166042
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces a methodology for solving the seismic inverse problem using purely numerical solutions built on 3D wave equations and which is free of the approximations or simplifications that are common in classical seismic inversion methodologies and therefore applicable to arbitrary 3D geological media and seismic source models. Source codes provided allow readers to experiment with the calculations demonstrated and also explore their own applications.

Ground Motion Seismology

Ground Motion Seismology
A Book

by Kazuki Koketsu

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9811585709
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solved Problems in Geophysics

Solved Problems in Geophysics
A Book

by Elisa Buforn,Carmen Pro,Agustín Udías Vallina,Agustín Udías

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-04-26
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 1107602718
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A collection of nearly 200 geophysics problems, with detailed solutions, forming an ideal course supplement for students and instructors.

Modern Earthquake Engineering

Modern Earthquake Engineering
Offshore and Land-based Structures

by Junbo Jia

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-10-01
  • Pages : 848
  • ISBN : 3642318541
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses applications of earthquake engineering for both offshore and land-based structures. It is self-contained as a reference work and covers a wide range of topics, including topics related to engineering seismology, geotechnical earthquake engineering, structural engineering, as well as special contents dedicated to design philosophy, determination of ground motions, shock waves, tsunamis, earthquake damage, seismic response of offshore and arctic structures, spatial varied ground motions, simplified and advanced seismic analysis methods, sudden subsidence of offshore platforms, tank liquid impacts during earthquakes, seismic resistance of non-structural elements, and various types of mitigation measures, etc. The target readership includes professionals in offshore and civil engineering, officials and regulators, as well as researchers and students in this field.

A Student's Guide to Geophysical Equations

A Student's Guide to Geophysical Equations
A Book

by William Lowrie

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2011-05-26
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1139499246
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The advent of accessible student computing packages has meant that geophysics students can now easily manipulate datasets and gain first-hand modeling experience - essential in developing an intuitive understanding of the physics of the Earth. Yet to gain a more in-depth understanding of physical theory, and to develop new models and solutions, it is necessary to be able to derive the relevant equations from first principles. This compact, handy book fills a gap left by most modern geophysics textbooks, which generally do not have space to derive all of the important formulae, showing the intermediate steps. This guide presents full derivations for the classical equations of gravitation, gravity, tides, earth rotation, heat, geomagnetism and foundational seismology, illustrated with simple schematic diagrams. It supports students through the successive steps and explains the logical sequence of a derivation - facilitating self-study and helping students to tackle homework exercises and prepare for exams.

Advanced Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering

Advanced Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 921
  • ISBN : 8120340396
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Time Series Analysis in Seismology

Time Series Analysis in Seismology
Practical Applications

by Alejandro Ramírez-Rojas,Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti,Elsa Leticia Flores Márquez,Otto Rendón

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-08-02
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 0128149027
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Time Series Analysis in Seismology: Practical Applications provides technical assistance and coverage of available methods to professionals working in the field of seismology. Beginning with a thorough review of open problems in geophysics, including tectonic plate dynamics, localization of solitons, and forecasting, the book goes on to describe the various types of time series or punctual processes obtained from those systems. Additionally, the book describes a variety of methods and techniques relating to seismology and includes a discussion of future developments and improvements. Time Series Analysis in Seismology offers a concise presentation of the most recent advances in the analysis of geophysical data, particularly with regard to seismology, making it a valuable tool for researchers and students working in seismology and geophysics. Presents the necessary tools for time series analysis as it relates to seismology in a compact and consistent manner Includes a discussion of technical resources that can be applied to time series data analysis across multiple disciplines Describes the methods and techniques available for solving problems related to the analysis of complex data sets Provides exercises at the end of each chapter to enhance comprehension

Introduction to Computational Earthquake Engineering

Introduction to Computational Earthquake Engineering
A Book

by Muneo Hori

  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release : 2006-02-17
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 1911299190
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces new research topics in earthquake engineering through the application of computational mechanics and computer science. The topics covered discuss the evaluation of earthquake hazards such as strong ground motion and faulting through applying advanced numerical analysis methods, useful for estimating earthquake disasters. These methods, based on recent progress in solid continuum mechanics and computational mechanics, are summarized comprehensively for graduate students and researchers in earthquake engineering. The coverage includes stochastic modeling as well as several advanced computational earthquake engineering topics. Contents:Preliminaries:Solid Continuum MechanicsFinite Element MethodStochastic ModelingStrong Ground Motion:The Wave Equation for SolidsAnalysis of Strong Ground MotionSimulation of Strong Ground MotionFaulting:Elasto-Plasticity and Fracture MechanicsAnalysis of FaultingSimulation of FaultingBEM Simulation of FaultingAdvanced Topics:Integrated Earthquake SimulationUnified Visualization of Earthquake SimulationStandardization of Earthquake Resistant DesignAppendices:Earthquake MechanismsAnalytical MechanicsNumerical Techniques of Solving Wave EquationUnified Modeling Language Readership: Graduate students and researchers in earthquake engineering; researchers in computational mechanics and computer science.

International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology

International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology
A Book

by William H.K. Lee,Hiroo Kanamori,Paul Jennings,Carl Kisslinger

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2003-07-23
  • Pages : 1000
  • ISBN : 9780080489230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The two volume International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology represents the International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior's (IASPEI) ambition to provide a comprehensive overview of our present knowledge of earthquakes and seismology. This state-of-the-art work is the only reference to cover all aspects of seismology--a "resource library" for civil and structural engineers, geologists, geophysicists, and seismologists in academia and industry around the globe. Part B, by more than 100 leading researchers from major institutions of science around the globe, features 34 chapters detailing strong-motion seismology, earthquake engineering, quake prediction and hazards mitigation, as well as detailed reports from more than 40 nations. Also available is The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Part A. Authoritative articles by more than 100 leading scientists Extensive glossary of terminology plus 2000+ biographical sketches of notable seismologists

International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology

International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology
A Book

by William H.K. Lee,Paul Jennings,Carl Kisslinger,Hiroo Kanamori

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2002-09-27
  • Pages : 1200
  • ISBN : 9780080489223
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern scientific investigations of earthquakes began in the 1880s, and the International Association of Seismology was organized in 1901 to promote collaboration of scientists and engineers in studying earthquakes. The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, under the auspices of the International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior (IASPEI), was prepared by leading experts under a distinguished international advisory board and team of editors. The content is organized into 56 chapters and includes over 430 figures, 24 of which are in color. This large-format, comprehensive reference summarizes well-established facts, reviews relevant theories, surveys useful methods and techniques, and documents and archives basic seismic data. It will be the authoritative reference for scientists and engineers and a quick and handy reference for seismologists. Also available is The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Part B. Two CD-ROMs containing additional material packaged with the text

The Earth's Inner Core

The Earth's Inner Core
Revealed by Observational Seismology

by Hrvoje Tkalčić

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-02-02
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1316982513
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The inner core is a planet within a planet: a hot sphere with a mass of one hundred quintillion tons of iron and nickel that lies more than 5000 kilometres beneath our feet. It plays a crucial role in driving outer core fluid motion and the geodynamo, which generates the Earth's magnetic field. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive review of past and contemporary research on the Earth's inner core from a seismological perspective. Chapters cover the collection, processing and interpretation of seismological data, as well as our current knowledge of the structure, anisotropy, attenuation, rotational dynamics, and boundary of the inner core. Reviewing the latest research and suggesting new seismological techniques and future avenues, it is an essential resource for both seismologists and non-seismologists interested in this fascinating field of research. It will also form a useful resource for courses in seismology and deep Earth processes.

Geodynamics

Geodynamics
A Book

by Donald L. Turcotte,Gerald Schubert

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2002-03-25
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1107268672
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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First published in 1982, Don Turcotte and Jerry Schubert's Geodynamics became a classic textbook for several generations of students of geophysics and geology. In this second edition, the authors bring this text completely up-to-date. Important additions include a chapter on chemical geodynamics, an updated coverage of comparative planetology based on recent planetary missions, and a variety of other new topics. Geodynamics provides the fundamentals necessary for an understanding of the workings of the solid earth, describing the mechanics of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and mountain building in the context of the role of mantle convection and plate tectonics. Observations such as the earth's gravity field, surface heat flow, distribution of earthquakes, surface stresses and strains, and distribution of elements are discussed. This new edition will once again prove to be a classic textbook for intermediate to advanced undergraduates and graduate students in geology, geophysics, and earth science.

Geodynamics

Geodynamics
A Book

by Donald L. Turcotte,Gerald Schubert

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2014-04-07
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1139915851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Essential reading for any Earth scientist, this classic textbook has been providing advanced undergraduate and graduate students with the fundamentals needed to develop a quantitative understanding of the physical processes of the solid earth for over thirty years. This third edition has two completely new chapters covering numerical modelling and geophysical MATLAB applications, and the text is now supported by a suite of online MATLAB codes that will enable students to grasp the practical aspects of computational modelling. The book has been brought fully up to date with the inclusion of new material on planetary geophysics and other cutting edge topics. Exercises within the text allow students to put the theory into practice as they progress through each chapter and carefully selected further reading sections guide and encourage them to delve deeper into topics of interest. Answers to problems available within the book and also online, for self-testing, complete the textbook package.