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Founding Martyr

Founding Martyr
The Life and Death of Dr. Joseph Warren, the American Revolution's Lost Hero

by Christian Di Spigna

  • Publisher : Crown
  • Release : 2018-08-14
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0553419331
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A rich and illuminating biography of America’s forgotten Founding Father, the patriot physician and major general who fomented rebellion and died heroically at the battle of Bunker Hill on the brink of revolution Little has been known of one of the most important figures in early American history, Dr. Joseph Warren, an architect of the colonial rebellion, and a man who might have led the country as Washington or Jefferson did had he not been martyred at Bunker Hill in 1775. Warren was involved in almost every major insurrectionary act in the Boston area for a decade, from the Stamp Act protests to the Boston Massacre to the Boston Tea Party, and his incendiary writings included the famous Suffolk Resolves, which helped unite the colonies against Britain and inspired the Declaration of Independence. Yet after his death, his life and legend faded, leaving his contemporaries to rise to fame in his place and obscuring his essential role in bringing America to independence. Christian Di Spigna’s definitive new biography of Warren is a loving work of historical excavation, the product of two decades of research and scores of newly unearthed primary-source documents that have given us this forgotten Founding Father anew. Following Warren from his farming childhood and years at Harvard through his professional success and political radicalization to his role in sparking the rebellion, Di Spigna’s thoughtful, judicious retelling not only restores Warren to his rightful place in the pantheon of Revolutionary greats, it deepens our understanding of the nation’s dramatic beginnings.

Martyrdom and Terrorism

Martyrdom and Terrorism
Pre-Modern to Contemporary Perspectives

by Dominic Janes,Alex Houen

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2014-05-01
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0199376514
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent years, terrorism has become closely associated with martyrdom in the minds of many terrorists and in the view of nations around the world. In Islam, martyrdom is mostly conceived as "bearing witness" to faith and God. Martyrdom is also central to the Christian tradition, not only in the form of Christ's Passion or saints faced with persecution and death, but in the duty to lead a good and charitable life. In both religions, the association of religious martyrdom with political terror has a long and difficult history. The essays of this volume illuminate this history--following, for example, Christian martyrdom from its origins in the Roman world, to the experience of the deaths of "terrorist" leaders of the French Revolution, to parallels in the contemporary world--and explore historical parallels among Islamic, Christian, and secular traditions. Featuring essays from eminent scholars in a wide range of disciplines, Martyrdom and Terrorism provides a timely comparative history of the practices and discourses of terrorism and martyrdom from antiquity to the twenty-first century.

Martyrdom: A Very Short Introduction

Martyrdom: A Very Short Introduction
A Book

by Jolyon Mitchell

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2012-11-29
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0191642444
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Martyrdom is not only a sharply contested term and act, but it has a long history of provoking controversy. One person's 'martyr' is another's 'terrorist', and one person's 'martyrdom operation' is another's 'suicide bombing'. Suicide attacks have made recurring questions about martyrdom more pertinent to current discussions. What is martyrdom? Why are some people drawn towards giving up their lives as martyrs? What place does religion play in inciting and creating martyrs? How are martyrs made? Why are some martyrs and martyrdoms remembered more than others? How helpful is the distinction between active and passive martyrdoms? In order both to answer such questions and to understand the contemporary debates about martyrdom, it is helpful to consider its diverse roots. In this Very Short Introduction, Jolyon Mitchell provides a historical analysis to shed light on how the concept and practice of martyrdom has evolved, as well as the different ways in which it is used today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Beyond Terror and Martyrdom

Beyond Terror and Martyrdom
A Book

by Gilles Kepel

  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 2009-06-30
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0674039556
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Kepel urges us to escape the ideological quagmire of terrorism and martyrdom and explore the terms of a new and constructive dialogue between Islam and the West. This book sounds the alarm to the West and to Islam that both of these exhausted narratives are bankrupt—neither productive of democratic change in the Middle East nor of unity in Islam.

Peter: Apostle for the Whole Church

Peter: Apostle for the Whole Church
Apostle For The Whole Church

by Pheme Perkins

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2000-06-29
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 0567628663
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pheme Perkins searches for the historical Peter, and the influence his image has had for both Roman Catholics and Protestants. Pointing to portrayals of Peter in the Pauline and Johannine traditions, the synoptic Gospels, and the Book of Acts, Perkins argues that precisely because there is no single Petrine tradition in the New Testament, the apostle should serve as a unifying figure for many forms of Christianity. She shows how Peter should be viewed as a harmonising figure who captures the Christian imagination, not only because he is the most prominent of Jesus' disciples but also because his weaknesses and strengths reveal a character accessible to all Christians.

Between China and Europe

Between China and Europe
Person, Culture and Emotion in Macao

by João de Pina-Cabral

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-08-13
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1000324702
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From the mid-1500s to December 1999, Macao was the longest-standing site of economic, religious and political contact between the Chinese and European worlds. Yet this surprising capacity for survival has resulted, ironically, form the very weakness of the Portuguese presence. In particular, since the foundation of Hong Kong (in 1840), Macao had depended on a creative use of its marginality - as a centre for gambling, for the coolie trade, the opium trade, the semi-clandestine gold trade and so on. As a rear window on China, Macao provides us with fascinating examples of marginality that allow us to study the limits of the systems that characterize the Chinese world.

Exploring Religion and the Sacred in a Media Age

Exploring Religion and the Sacred in a Media Age
A Book

by Christopher Deacy,Elisabeth Arweck

  • Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 9780754665274
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent years, there has been growing awareness across a range of academic disciplines of the value of exploring issues of religion and the sacred in relation to cultures of everyday life. Exploring Religion and the Sacred in a Media Age offers inter-di

Discovering Exile

Discovering Exile
Yiddish and Jewish American Culture During the Holocaust

by Anita Norich

  • Publisher : Stanford University Press
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN : 9780804756907
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book considers some of the most famous Yiddish writers in America, the controversies their works aroused—in Yiddish and English—during the Holocaust, and the ways in which reading them contributes to a revision of American Jewish cultural development.

Tailoring Truth

Tailoring Truth
A Book

by Jon Berndt Olsen

  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release : 2017-06
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 1785335022
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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By looking at state-sponsored memory projects, such as memorials, commemorations, and historical museums, this book reveals that the East German communist regime obsessively monitored and attempted to control public representations of the past to legitimize its rule. It demonstrates that the regime's approach to memory politics was not stagnant, but rather evolved over time to meet different demands and potential threats to its legitimacy. Ultimately the party found it increasingly difficult to control the public portrayal of the past, and some dissidents were able to turn the party's memory politics against the state to challenge its claims of moral authority.

Martyrs' Mirror

Martyrs' Mirror
Persecution and Holiness in Early New England

by Adrian Chastain Weimer

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2014-07-01
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 0199390959
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Martyrs' Mirror examines the folklore of martyrdom among seventeenth-century New England Protestants, exploring how they imagined themselves within biblical and historical narratives of persecution. Memories of martyrdom, especially stories of the Protestants killed during the reign of Queen Mary in the mid-sixteenth century, were central to a model of holiness and political legitimacy. The colonists of early New England drew on this historical imagination in order to strengthen their authority in matters of religion during times of distress. By examining how the notions of persecution and martyrdom move in and out of the writing of the period, Adrian Chastain Weimer finds that the idea of the true church as a persecuted church infused colonial identity. Though contested, the martyrs formed a shared heritage, and fear of being labeled a persecutor, or even admiration for a cheerful sufferer, could serve to inspire religious tolerance. The sense of being persecuted also allowed colonists to avoid responsibility for aggression against Algonquian tribes. Surprisingly, those wishing to defend maltreated Christian Algonquians wrote their history as a continuation of the persecutions of the true church. This examination of the historical imagination of martyrdom contributes to our understanding of the meaning of suffering and holiness in English Protestant culture, of the significance of religious models to debates over political legitimacy, and of the cultural history of persecution and tolerance.

The Founding and Consecration of the Church of S. Ignatius the Martyr, Hendon, Sunderland

The Founding and Consecration of the Church of S. Ignatius the Martyr, Hendon, Sunderland
A Book

by Church of Saint Ignatius the Martyr, Hendon (SUNDERLAND)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1887
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Education of John Adams

The Education of John Adams
A Book

by R. B. Bernstein

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2020-04-21
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0197502725
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Education of John Adams is the first biography of John Adams by a biographer with legal training. It examines his origins in colonial Massachusetts, his education, and his struggle to choose a career and define a place for himself in colonial society. It explores the flowering of his legal career and the impact that law had on him and his understanding of himself; his growing involvement with the American Revolution as polemicist, as lawyer, as congressional delegate, and as diplomat; and his commitment to defining and expounding ideas about constitutionalism and how it should work as the body of ideas shaping the new United States. The book traces his part in launching the government of the United States under the U.S. Constitution; his service as the nation's first vice president and second president; and his retirement years, during which he was first a vexed and rejected ex-president and then became the revered Sage of Braintree. It describes the relationships that sustained him - with his wife, the brilliant and eloquent Abigail Adams; with his children; with such allies and supporters as Benjamin Rush and John Marshall; with such sometime friends and sometime adversaries as Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, and Thomas Jefferson; and with such foes as Alexander Hamilton and Timothy Pickering. Bernstein establishes Adams as a key figure in the evolution of American constitutional theory and practice. This is the first biography to examine Adams's conflicted and hesitant ideas about slavery and race in the American context, raising serious questions about his mythic status as a friend of human equality and a foe of slavery. This book's foundation is the record left by Adams himself-- in diaries, letters, essays, pamphlets, and books. The Education of John Adams concludes by re-examining the often-debated question of the relevance of Adams's thought to our own time.

Black Earth: A Journey Through Russia After the Fall

Black Earth: A Journey Through Russia After the Fall
A Book

by Andrew Meier

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2005-01-17
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 0393242064
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"That Black Earth is an extraordinary work is, for anyone who has known Russia, beyond question."—George Kennan "A compassionate glimpse into the extremes where the new Russia meets the old," writes Robert Legvold (Foreign Affairs) about Andrew Meier's enthralling new work. Journeying across a resurgent and reputedly free land, Meier has produced a virtuosic mix of nuanced history, lyric travelogue, and unflinching reportage. Throughout, Meier captures the country's present limbo—a land rich in potential but on the brink of staggering back into tyranny—in an account that is by turns heartrending and celebratory, comic and terrifying. A 2003 New York Public Library Book to Remember. "Black Earth is the best investigation of post-Soviet Russia since David Remnick's Resurrection. Andrew Meier is a truly penetrating eyewitness."—Robert Conquest, author of The Great Terror; "If President Bush were to read only the chapters regarding Chechnya in Meier's Black Earth, he would gain a priceless education about Putin's Russia."—Zbigniew Brzezinski "Even after the fall of Communism, most American reporting on Russia often goes no further than who's in and who's out in the Kremlin and the business oligarchy. Andrew Meier's Russia reaches far beyond . . . this Russia is one where, as Meier says, history has a hard time hiding. Readers could not easily find a livelier or more insightful guide."—Adam Hochschild, author of King Leopold's Ghost and The Unquiet Ghost: Russians Remember Stalin "From the pointless war in Chechnya to the wild, exhilarating, and dispiriting East and the rise of Vladimir Putin, the former KGB officer—it's all here in great detail, written in the layers the story deserves, with insight, passion, and genuine affection."—Michael Specter, staff writer, The New Yorker; co-chief, The New York Times Moscow Bureau, 1995-98. "[Meier's] knowledge of the country and his abiding love for its people stands out on every page of this book....But it is his linguistic fluency, in particular, which enables Mr. Meier to dig so deeply into Russia's black earth."—The Economist "A wonderful travelogue that depicts the Russian people yet again trying to build a new life without really changing their old one."—William Taubman, The New York Times Book Review.

Context

Context
Book II of the Nualpeiron Sequence

by John Meaney

  • Publisher : Pyr
  • Release : 2011-07-27
  • Pages : 535
  • ISBN : 1591028051
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nulapeiron: a world isolated for twelve centuries. Its billions of inhabitants occupy subterranean strata, ruled by a trained aristocracy of lords and ladies whose power base is upheld by oracles. But revolution has touched all of its many cultures – failing in its intent, yet changing everything. Now Lord Tom Corcorigan – the commoner-turned-noble who renounced his power; the poet, logosopher, and holder of the key to understanding the myriad wonders of mu-space; the legendary one-armed warrior, former revolutionary, and would-be peacemaker – lies fatally wounded. His survival is dependent on his meeting with a mysterious seer whose spacetime-warping talents transcend the merely Oracular. It is a confrontation that will result in bitter tragedy and loss. Can the woman he loves be truly dead, or can quantum mysteries lie beyond the grave? Turning his back on a society sliding once more into anarchy and chaos, a disillusioned and despairing Tom wanders this strange, stratified world in search of meaning, love, and his own salvation. But it seems Nulapeiron is threatened by a vast, insidious, and terrifying enemy whose origins may lie beyond their world, beyond their understanding. And now is the time for legends to be reborn. Sequel to the acclaimed Paradox and the second book in the Nulapeiron Sequence, Context is a thrilling, daring and complex novel that confirms John Meaney as one of British science fiction’s most original and exciting practitioners.

Mortal Thoughts

Mortal Thoughts
Religion, Secularity, & Identity in Shakespeare and Early Modern Culture

by Brian Cummings

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2013-08-22
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0191665398
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since the nineteenth century it has been assumed that the concept of personal identity in the early modern period is bound up with secularization. Indeed, many explanations of the emergence of modernity have been based on this thesis, in which Shakespeare as a secular author has played a central role. However, the idea of secularization is now everywhere under threat. The secularity of modern society is less apparent than it was a generation ago. Shakespeare, too, has come to be seen in a religious perspective. What happens to human identity in this different framework? Mortal Thoughts asks what selfhood looks like if we do not assume that an idea of the self could only come into being as a result of an emptying out of a religious framework. It does so by examining human mortality. What it is to be human, and how a life is framed by its ending, are issues that cross religious confessions in early modernity, and interrogate the sacred and secular divide. A series of chapters examines literature and art in relation to concepts such as conscience, martyrdom, soliloquy, luck, suicide, and embodiment. Religious and philosophical creativity are revealed as poised around anxieties about finitude and contingency, challenging conventional divisions between kinds of literary and artistic endeavour. Mortal Thoughts considers incipient genres of life writing (More, Foxe, and Montaigne) and life drawing (Dürer, Hans Baldung Grien) in relation to dramatic representation and literary narration (Shakespeare, Donne, Milton). In the process it asks whether the problem of human identity rewrites historical boundaries.

The Cause: The American Revolution and its Discontents, 1773-1783

The Cause: The American Revolution and its Discontents, 1773-1783
A Book

by Joseph J. Ellis

  • Publisher : Liveright Publishing
  • Release : 2021-09-21
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1631498991
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A culminating work on the American Founding by one of its leading historians, The Cause rethinks the American Revolution as we have known it. George Washington claimed that anyone who attempted to provide an accurate account of the war for independence would be accused of writing fiction. At the time, no one called it the “American Revolution”: former colonists still regarded themselves as Virginians or Pennsylvanians, not Americans, while John Adams insisted that the British were the real revolutionaries, for attempting to impose radical change without their colonists’ consent. With The Cause, Ellis takes a fresh look at the events between 1773 and 1783, recovering a war more brutal than any in American history save the Civil War and discovering a strange breed of “prudent” revolutionaries, whose prudence proved wise yet tragic when it came to slavery, the original sin that still haunts our land. Written with flair and drama, The Cause brings together a cast of familiar and forgotten characters who, taken together, challenge the story we have long told ourselves about our origins as a people and a nation.

Chechnya: To the Heart of a Conflict

Chechnya: To the Heart of a Conflict
A Book

by Andrew Meier

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2004-11-17
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 0393348229
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Andrew's Meier riveting portrait of Chechnya, a land ravaged by indescribable carnage, enables us to understand the origins of this brutal conflict like no other recent work. The barbaric, terrorist siege in the summer of 2004 that resulted in the deaths of hundreds of innocent children in Beslan did not begin either there or in the take-over of a Moscow theatre in 2002. As Andrew Meier explains in this utterly compelling account, the most recent Chechen war actually broke out on New Year's Eve in 1994 when Boris Yeltsin sent hundreds of tanks to the center of the city of Grozny in an effort to quell popular demands for independence from Russia. Six years later, Meier, braving great personal danger, traveled to the scene of one of the largest civilian massacres carried out by Russian troops, reporting on the carnage in which over 60 Chechen civiliansincluding a pregnant woman and many elderlywere brutally slaughtered in one of the war's most horrific "mop-up" operations. Days after a Chechen woman became the conflict's first female suicide bomber, Meier visited this war-torn province, encountering, among others, kidnappers, Wahhabi Islamists aligned with the Taliban, and a stream of Russian mothers arriving at the morgue to identify their fallen soldier sons. Chechnya is Meier's stunning report from a region where the death toll has already exceeded 100,000 people, and a book that attempts to comprehend what compels men to shoot children in the back.

Triage

Triage
A History of America's Frontline Medics from Concord to Covid-19

by Martin King,Michael Collins

  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release : 2021-09-28
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1642939773
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An articulate, compelling history of American battlefield medics. “I have walked the battlefields with Martin King, who has traversed them countless times with veterans. No one knows these stories like Martin, and no one can tell them quite the way he does.” —Rick Beyer, New York Times bestselling author of The Ghost Army of World War II “Few things bring history to life like the words of those who lived through it. Martin King offers us a glimpse into those experiences, documenting a young nation in the most formative periods of its history. Insightful, moving, and important, this book is a valuable tool for anyone wanting to better understand America’s role in the most brutal of conflicts.” —Dan Snow, BBC TV Presenter and historian, History Hit TV “I have never known better stories in my life. Thoughtful and touching beyond belief. The context Martin King provides to help tell the story is beyond reproach. This is 11 on a scale of 10.” —Commander Jeffrey Barta, Deputy Museum Systems Operations Office, Naval History and Heritage Command, Washington, DC “Our soldiers and their missions have greatly benefited from the compassion, commitment, and selfless service of all frontline medics. Thank you for all that you’ve done for our nation, its soldiers, and their families.” —General David H. Petraeus, United States Army (Retired) “Martin King has a keen eye for the human side of conflict. In His attention to the experience of medical personnel and his excellent prose provides interesting additions It’s a wonderfully unique book that offers the reader a great insight into everything about the frontline medics.” —Professor Jerome Sheridan, Author, Military Historian, American University

Anarchism & The Mexican Working Class, 1860-1931

Anarchism & The Mexican Working Class, 1860-1931
A Book

by John M. Hart

  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Release : 2014-05-23
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 0292767706
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The anarchist movement had a crucial impact upon the Mexican working class between 1860 and 1931. John M. Hart destroys some old myths and brings new information to light as he explores anarchism's effect on the development of the Mexican urban working-class and agrarian movements. Hart shows how the ideas of European anarchist thinkers took root in Mexico, how they influenced revolutionary tendencies there, and why anarchism was ultimately unsuccessful in producing real social change in Mexico. He explains the role of the working classes during the Mexican Revolution, the conflict between urban revolutionary groups and peasants, and the ensuing confrontation between the new revolutionary elite and the urban working class. The anarchist tradition traced in this study is extremely complex. It involves various social classes, including intellectuals, artisans, and ordinary workers; changing social conditions; and political and revolutionary events which reshaped ideologies. During the nineteenth century the anarchists could be distinguished from their various working- class socialist and trade unionist counterparts by their singular opposition to government. In the twentieth century the lines became even clearer because of hardening anarchosyndicalist, anarchistcommunist, trade unionist, and Marxist doctrines. In charting the rise and fall of anarchism, Hart gives full credit to the roles of other forms of socialism and Marxism in Mexican working-class history. Mexican anarchists whose contributions are examined here include nineteenth-century leaders Plotino Rhodakanaty, Santiago Villanueva, Francisco Zalacosta, and José María Gonzales; the twentieth-century revolutionary precursor Ricardo Flores Magón; the Casa del Obrero founders Amadeo Ferrés, Juan Francisco Moncaleano, and Rafael Quintero; and the majority of the Centro Sindicalista Ubertario, leaders of the General Confederation of Workers. This work is based largely on primary sources, and the bibliography contains a definitive listing of anarchist and radical working-class newspapers for the period.

The Leto Bundle

The Leto Bundle
A Book

by Marina Warner

  • Publisher : Random House
  • Release : 2010-10-31
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1409028763
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When a mummy in the Museum of Albion is unpacked it is found to contain a bundle of curious objects and documents which tell of the wanderings of an unknown woman, Leto. On the run, in a far-off era of civil strife, Leto gives birth to twins, shelters with wolves, survives in a desert stronghold as the lover of its commander, stows away on a ship loaded with plundered antiquities and then works as a maid in a war-torn city. She loses her son but saves her daughter during a long siege. As the novel sweeps from mythological times and the Middle Ages to the treasure-hunting of Victorian Europe and into the present day, Leto reappears in different guises. Eventually she becomes a servant to a rock singer, and begins to search for her son.