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Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries

Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries
Science and Pseudoscience in Archaeology

by Kenneth L. Feder

  • Publisher : Mayfield Publishing Company
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The ancient rock art on the cover decorates the walks of Indian Creek Canyon in Newspaper Rock State Park, Utah, near Canyonlands National Park. What could its symbols and horned figures represent? Are they a Native American observer's depiction of space-suited extraterrestrials who once explored the American continent? Or do the images reflect the human imagination, blending, human and animal elements into new mythical beings? Ken Feder addresses questions such as these in this entertaining and informative exploration of fascinating frauds and genuine mysteries. Through well-chosen examples, he demonstrates what is - and what is not - the scientific method; in the process, he clearly conveys why the veritable past is as exciting and intriguing as the fantasies concocted by the purveyors of pseudoscience. New to this Edition: 25% more illustrations, including side by side photographic comparisons in Chapter 6, 8, and 9; additional topics, including tabloid anthropology, the deconstructionist challenge to science, tracing the source of skeletal populations through mitochondrial DNA analysis, the so-called Mars face, the New Age use of Native American beliefsand Native Americans' reactions, the Ice Man, Chauvet Cave and our understanding of cave painting, and more.

Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries

Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries
A Book

by Feder

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996-10
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9781559347341
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Past in Perspective

The Past in Perspective
An Introduction to Human Prehistory

by Kenneth L. Feder

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2016-07-13
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 9780190275853
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"A college textbook for the Introduction to Prehistory course"--Provided by publisher.

Workbook for use with Medical Insurance

Workbook for use with Medical Insurance
A Book

by Cynthia Newby,Joanne Valerius,Nenna Bayes,Janet Seggern

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Education
  • Release : 2011-01-12
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 9780077364335
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Committed to the scientific investigation of human antiquity, this indispensable supplementary text uses interesting archaeological hoaxes, myths, and mysteries to show how we can truly know things about the past through science. Examples of fantastic findings support the carefully, logically, and entertainingly described flaws in the purported evidence. By placing wildly inaccurate claims within the context of the scientific method, Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries demonstrates how science approaches fascinating questions about human antiquity and, in so doing, shows where pseudoscience falls short.

The Skeptic Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience

The Skeptic Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience
A Book

by Michael Shermer

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 903
  • ISBN : 1576076539
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examines supernatural controversies such as crop circles, the Shroud of Turin, and cold fusion, and provides evidence for and against each phenomenon.

Perilous Planet Earth

Perilous Planet Earth
Catastrophes and Catastrophism Through the Ages

by Trevor Palmer,Robert N. Brandon

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2003-06-12
  • Pages : 522
  • ISBN : 9780521819282
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A readable account of the history of natural disasters throughout history.

Lessons from the Past: Ancient Knowledge, Contemporary Issues

Lessons from the Past: Ancient Knowledge, Contemporary Issues
A Book

by Ken Feder

  • Publisher : Cognella Academic Publishing
  • Release : 2013-08-05
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 9781621312253
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The anthology "Lessons from the Past" challenges the assumption that archaeology is little more than telling interesting stories about the past. Instead, the book details a variety of ways in which archaeological data and analysis can provide important insights concerning issues facing the world today. "Lessons from the Past" presents articles and case studies showing how archaeological methodology can serve communities of the descendants of excavated sites, and how the study of ancient ways of life can help reveal the origins of modern problems including climate change, hunger, and oppression and may even suggest some solutions. The book demonstrates how archaeology can contribute to solving historical mysteries, and the ways in which forensic archaeology can be used to help solve present-day crimes. "Lessons from the Past" is perhaps the first reader in the field to demonstrate the practical value of archaeology. By introducing readers to the diverse ways archaeology can be interesting, relevant, and even entertaining, the book serves as a valuable pedagogical tool for those teaching introductory courses in the discipline. Kenneth Feder holds a Ph.D. in anthropology, and is a professor of anthropology at Central Connecticut State University. He writes extensively in the field, and is noted for his criticism of pseudo-archaeology in the books "Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries: Science and Pseudoscience in Archeology" and "Encyclopedia of Dubious Archeology: From Atlantis to the Walam Olum." He has appeared on the National Geographic Channel and the BBC, and is a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. Dr. Feder is also the founder and director of the Farmington River Archaeological Project.

Ancient America

Ancient America
Fifty Archaeological Sites to See for Yourself

by Kenneth L. Feder

  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 2016-11-17
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 144226313X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presenting “the real deal” of American antiquity—as opposed to the hyped fare of many cable TV shows—Kenneth Feder invites readers to explore the stunning technological, architectural, engineering, and artistic achievements of America’s first peoples. Part travel guide, part friendly reference, Ancient America showcases fifty iconic and publicly-accessible sites located across the contiguous United States—including monumental pyramids of earth, “castles” ensconced in cliff niches, and vast rock art galleries. Among the places profiled are four World Heritage Sites (Chaco Canyon, NM; Mesa Verde, CO; Cahokia, IL; Poverty Point, LA); numerous Historic Landmarks and National Monuments (including Crystal River, FL; Town Creek Mound, NC; Casa Grande, AZ; and Hovenweep, UT); and stunningly diverse sites ranging from Serpent Mound (OH) and Horsethief Lake (WA) to Canyon de Chelly (AZ) and Nine Mile Canyon (UT). In addition to practical visitor information, Feder tells the fascinating stories of each site as revealed by archaeological research. Introductory chapters delve into the deep past of Native America; historical and cultural details as well as original photography round out the site entries. Readers will be inspired to visit these remarkable places where the past continues to resonate in the present.

Hoax

Hoax
Hitler's Diaries, Lincoln's Assassins, and Other Famous Frauds

by Edward Steers

  • Publisher : University Press of Kentucky
  • Release : 2013-04-01
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 0813141605
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Did a collector with a knack for making sensational discoveries really find the first document ever printed in America? Did Adolf Hitler actually pen a revealing multivolume set of diaries? Has Jesus of Nazareth's burial cloth survived the ages? Can the shocking true account of Abraham Lincoln's assassination be found in lost pages from his murderer's diary? Napoleon famously observed that "history is a set of lies agreed upon," and Edward Steers Jr. investigates six of the most amazing frauds ever to gain wide acceptance in this engrossing book. Hoax examines the legitimacy of the Shroud of Turin, perhaps the most hotly debated relic in all of Christianity, and the fossils purported to confirm humanity's "missing link," the Piltdown Man. Steers also discusses two remarkable forgeries, the Hitler diaries and the "Oath of a Freeman," and famous conspiracy theories alleging that Franklin D. Roosevelt had prior knowledge of the planned attack on Pearl Harbor and that the details of Lincoln's assassination are recorded in missing pages from John Wilkes Booth's journal. The controversies that Steers presents show that there are two major factors involved in the success of a hoax or forgery -- greed and the desire to believe. Though all of the counterfeits and conspiracies featured in Hoax have been scientifically debunked, some remain fixed in many people's minds as truth. As Steers points out, the success of these frauds highlights a disturbing fact: If true history fails to entertain the public, it is likely to be ignored or forgotten.

Key Concepts in Public Archaeology

Key Concepts in Public Archaeology
A Book

by Gabriel Moshenska

  • Publisher : UCL Press
  • Release : 2017-09-28
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 1911576437
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a broad overview of the key concepts in public archaeology, a research field that examines the relationship between archaeology and the public, in both theoretical and practical terms. While based on the long-standing programme of undergraduate and graduate teaching in public archaeology at UCL’s renowned Institute of Archaeology, the book also takes into account the growth of scholarship from around the world and seeks to clarify what exactly ‘public archaeology’ is by promoting an inclusive, socially and politically engaged vision of the discipline. Written for students and practitioners, the individual chapters provide textbook-level introductions to the themes, theories and controversies that connect archaeology to wider society, from the trade in illicit antiquities to the use of digital media in public engagement, and point readers to the most relevant case studies and learning resources to aid their further study. This book was produced as part of JISC's Institution as e-Textbook Publisher project. Find out more at https://www.jisc.ac.uk/rd/projects/institution-as-e-textbook-publisher Praise for Key Concepts in Archaeology 'Littered throughout with concise and well-chosen case studies, Key Concepts in Public Archaeology could become essential reading for undergraduates and is a welcome reminder of where archaeology sits in UK society today.' British Archaeology

Weird Earth

Weird Earth
Debunking Strange Ideas about Our Planet

by Donald R. Prothero

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020-09-08
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1684351367
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aliens. Ley lines. Water dowsing. Conspiracies and myths captivate imaginations and promise mystery and magic. Whether it's arguing about the moon landing hoax or a Frisbee-like Earth drifting through space, when held up to science and critical thinking, these ideas fall flat. In Weird Earth: Debunking Strange Ideas About Our Planet, Donald R. Prothero demystifies these conspiracies and offers answers to some of humanity's most outlandish questions. Applying his extensive scientific knowledge, Prothero corrects misinformation that con artists and quacks use to hoodwink others about geology--hollow earth, expanding earth, and bizarre earthquakes--and mystical and paranormal happenings--healing crystals, alien landings, and the gates of hell. By deconstructing wild claims such as prophesies of imminent natural disasters, Prothero provides a way for everyone to recognize dubious assertions. Prothero answers these claims with facts, offering historical and scientific context in a light-hearted manner that is accessible to everyone, no matter their background. With a careful layering of evidence in geology, archaeology, and biblical and historical records, Prothero's Weird Earth examines each conspiracy and myth and leaves no question unanswered.

Scientific Skepticism

Scientific Skepticism
Brights Movement, List of Topics Characterized As Pseudoscience, Radiocarbon 14 Dating of the Shroud of Turin, Project Alpha, I

by Source Wikipedia

  • Publisher : University-Press.org
  • Release : 2013-09
  • Pages : 30
  • ISBN : 9781230584614
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 28. Chapters: Brights movement, List of topics characterized as pseudoscience, Radiocarbon 14 dating of the Shroud of Turin, Project Alpha, Independent Investigations Group, False balance, Pseudoskepticism, The New Inquisition, Psychosocial hypothesis, Anomalistics, Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries: Science and Pseudoscience in Archaeology, The Great Tantra Challenge. Excerpt: Connection Timeout The Shroud of Turin has undergone numerous scientific tests, the most notable of which is radiocarbon dating, in an attempt to determine the relic's authenticity. In 1988, researchers at three separate laboratories dated samples from the Shroud to a range of 1260-1390 CE, providing "conclusive evidence that the linen of the Shroud of Turin is mediaeval." This appears compatible with the earliest record of the relic's existence (1353). Once generally accepted by the scientific community by those who consider the shroud to be inauthentic, and by some members of the Catholic Church, these results have since been questioned in peer-reviewed journals by Raymond Rogers in Thermochimica Acta and by M.Sue Benford and Joseph G. Marino in Chemistry Today. Criticisms have been raised about aspects of the study as doubts were raised regarding the original nature of the sample that was taken for testing, not the quality of the radiocarbon testing itself. New experimental techniques for radio-carbon dating, which required lower quantities of source material, prompted the Catholic Church to found the Shroud of Turin Research Project (S.Tu.R.P.), assigned to a group of about 30 scientists of various religious faiths, including atheists. The idea of scientifically dating the shroud had first been proposed in the 1960s, but permission had been refused because the procedure would have required the sampling of too much fabric and cloth (almost 0.05 sq m ...

Encyclopedia of Dubious Archaeology: From Atlantis to the Walam Olum

Encyclopedia of Dubious Archaeology: From Atlantis to the Walam Olum
From Atlantis to the Walam Olum

by Kenneth L. Feder

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2010-10-11
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 031337919X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a fascinating, encyclopedic antidote for the mysticism and pseudoscience surrounding well-known or highly publicized archaeological and anthropological "discoveries." • 134 alphabetical entries of terms related to extraordinary archaeological claims, many related to popular frauds, misinterpretations, and misrepresentations of the human past • Contains 50 illustrations, including depictions of the Maya calendar day and month glyphs, ancient astronomical alignments, the sarcophagus lid of the Maya ruler Pacal, and the Ica Stones • Photographs of such monuments and artifacts as the pyramids at Giza, Serpent Mound, Nazca ground drawings, Tucson artifacts, Michigan Relics, and Easter Island Moai bring the topics to life • A comprehensive bibliography and further reading suggestions at the end of each entry feed further investigation

CRM

CRM
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Oxford Companion to Archaeology

The Oxford Companion to Archaeology
A Book

by Brian M. Fagan

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 844
  • ISBN : 0195076184
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Features articles written by archaeology scholars on such topics as bog bodies, underwater archaeology, the Pyramids of Giza, and the Valley of the Kings

Anthropology

Anthropology
A Global Perspective

by Raymond Scupin,Christopher R. DeCorse

  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Release : 2019-12-20
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 1544363176
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Now with SAGE Publishing! Using state-of-the-art research, Anthropology: A Global Perspective introduces students to the four core subfields of anthropology and applied anthropology. Integrating material from each subfield, this comprehensive text is founded on four essential themes: the diversity of human societies; the similarities that tie all humans together; the interconnections between the sciences and humanities; and a new theme addressing psychological essentialism. Authors Raymond Scupin and Christopher R. DeCorse demonstrate how anthropologists use research techniques and methods to help solve practical problems and show readers how anthropology is relevant to improving human societies.

Adventures in Paranormal Investigation

Adventures in Paranormal Investigation
A Book

by Joe Nickell

  • Publisher : University Press of Kentucky
  • Release : 2014-04-23
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0813146526
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tales of alien abductions, miraculous relics, and haunted castles have attracted believers and skeptics across the globe for centuries. Paranormal investigator Joe Nickell tackles the world's most seemingly inexplicable myths in Adventures in Paranormal Investigation. With four decades of experience in the field, Nickell employs skepticism and scientific analysis to pull truth from the mires of false evidence and trickery that surround both old and new legends and mysteries. Unlike authors who engage in hype and sensationalism in order to foster or debunk myths, Nickell approaches each case with a rational and scientific approach intended to find the truth. Occam's Razor—all things being equal, the simplest solution is the best one—is a principal instrument in his investigative toolbox, as well as the belief that it is the claimant's responsibility to provide the extraordinary proof required in such extraordinary cases. Adventures in Paranormal Investigation features Nickell's on-site explorations in unusual phenomena. Among the forty unique cases, Nickell examines mysteries ranging from snake charmers who purport to hold influence over the reptiles, to the Holocaust victims who reportedly haunt a gas chamber in Dachau, to Lake Simcoe's resident lake monster Igopogo in Canada. In addition to the case studies, Nickell analyzes how the propensity to fantasize can affect human perceptions of and belief in paranormal activity and how his personal experience with the paranormal was altered when intuition led to the discovery of a daughter he didn't know existed. More than just another myth-busting text, Adventures in Paranormal Investigation brings together reason and scientific analyses to explain both the phenomena and the role of human perception therein, establishing Nickell as the foremost paranormal investigator of our time.

Responsible History

Responsible History
A Book

by Antoon De Baets

  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release : 2008-12-30
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 1845458788
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"I can warmly recommend Responsible History to any concerned historian in need of a reliable compass for responsible conduct. I endorse Voltaire's words quoted in this book: 'Those who can make you believe absurdities, can make you commit atrocities.' Responsible conduct is necessary because irresponsible conduct is dangerous." [From the Foreword.] The abuse of history is common and quite possibly once more on the rise. Although this is well documented, there is no general theory that enables historians to identify, prove, explain, and evaluate the many types of abuse of history. In this book, the author, founder of the Network of Concerned Historians, presents such a theory. Reflecting on the responsible use of history, the author identifies the duties that the living has toward the dead and analyzes the rights to memory and history necessary to fulfill these duties. He concludes his powerful argument by proposing a code of ethics as a guide for responsible historians. This work is vital for any historian who wants to oppose and prevent the abuse of history.

Human Antiquity: An Introduction to Physical Anthropology and Archaeology

Human Antiquity: An Introduction to Physical Anthropology and Archaeology
A Book

by Kenneth Feder,Michael Park

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
  • Release : 2006-07-24
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 9780073041964
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Where did we come from? To answer this question, anthropologists reconstruct the human past and study the human present from both biological and cultural perspectives. Human Antiquity offers an absorbing, straightforward explanation of human origins and evolution by thoroughly integrating physical anthropology and archaeology. Co-authors Kenneth Feder and Michael Park combine the ideas, methods, and knowledge from both biological anthropology and archaeology into a unified effort: Feder is an archeologist who conducts surveys, excavations, and analyses to understand the native inhabitants of New England; Park is a biological anthropologist interested in the application of evolutionary theory to the biological history of our species.

The Giant and How He Humbugged America

The Giant and How He Humbugged America
A Book

by Jim Murphy

  • Publisher : Scholastic Inc.
  • Release : 2013-02-01
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 0545537754
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When a 10-foot tall purported "petrified man" is unearthed from a backyard in upstate New York in 1869, the discovery immediately turns into a spectacle of epic proportions. News of the giant spreads like wildfire, and well over a thousand people come to view him in the first five days alone! Everyone has their own idea of his true origin: Is he an ancient member of the local Onandaga Indian tribe? Is he a biblical giant like Goliath? Soon the interests of world-renowned scientists and people from around the globe are piqued as arguments flare over who he is, where he came from, and if he is real--or just a hoax. In a riveting account of how the Cardiff Giant mystery snowballed into one of America’s biggest money-making spectacles--and scams--Jim Murphy masterfully explores the power of 19th-century media and the unexpected ripple effect that a single corrupt mastermind can produce when given a stage.