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Functional Diversity of Mycorrhiza and Sustainable Agriculture

Functional Diversity of Mycorrhiza and Sustainable Agriculture
Management to Overcome Biotic and Abiotic Stresses

by Michael J. Goss,Mário Carvalho,Isabel Brito

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-05-19
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 0128042869
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functional Diversity of Mycorrhiza and Sustainable Agriculture is the first book to present the core concepts of working with Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to improve agricultural crop productivity. Highlighting the use of indigenous AM fungi for agriculture, the book includes details on how to maintain and promote AM fungal diversity to improve sustainability and cost-effectiveness. As the need to improve production while restricting scarce inputs and preventing environmental impacts increases, the use of AMF offers an important option for exploiting the soil microbial population. It can enhance nutrient cycling and minimize the impacts of biotic and abiotic stresses, such as soil-borne disease, drought, and metal toxicity. The book offers land managers, policymakers, soil scientists, and agronomists a novel approach to utilizing soil microbiology in improving agricultural practices. Provides a new approach to exploiting the benefits of mycorrhizas for sustainable arable agricultural production using indigenous AMF populations and adopting appropriate crop production techniques Bridges the gap between soil microbiology, including increasing knowledge of mycorrhiza and agronomy Presents real-world practical insights and application-based results, including a chapter focused primarily on case studies Includes extensive illustrative diagrams and photographs

Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry
A Book

by Zaki Anwar Siddiqui,Mohammad Sayeed Akhtar,Kazuyoshi Futai

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-07-27
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 1402087705
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mycorrhizal fungi are microbial engines which improve plant vigor and soil quality. They play a crucial role in plant nutrient uptake, water relations, ecosystem establishment, plant diversity, and the productivity of plants. Scientific research involves multidisciplinary approaches to understand the adaptation of mycorrhizae to the rhizosphere, mechanism of root colonization, effect on plant physiology and growth, biofertilization, plant resistance and biocontrol of plant pathogens. This book discusses and goes into detail on a number of topics: the molecular basis of nutrient exchange between arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and host plants; the role of AM fungi in disease protection, alleviation of soil stresses and increasing grain production; interactions of AM fungi and beneficial saprophytic mycoflora in terms of plant growth promotion; the role of AM fungi in the restoration of native ecosystems; indirect contributions of AM fungi and soil aggregation to plant growth and mycorrhizosphere effect of multitrophic interaction; the mechanisms by which mycorrhizas change a disturbed ecosystem into productive land; the importance of reinstallation of mycorrhizal systems in the rhizosphere is emphasized and their impact on landscape regeneration, and in bioremediation of contaminated soils; Ectomycorrhizae (ECM) and their importance in forest ecosystems and associations of ECM in tropical rain forests function to maintain tropical monodominance; in vitro mycorrhization of micro-propagated plants, and visualizing and quantifying endorhizal fungi; the use of mycorrhizae, mainly AM and ECM, for sustainable agriculture and forestry.

Current Trends in Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture

Current Trends in Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Ajar Nath Yadav

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811569495
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Toward a Sustainable Agriculture Through Plant Biostimulants

Toward a Sustainable Agriculture Through Plant Biostimulants
From Experimental Data to Practical Applications

by Youssef Rouphael,Giuseppe Colla

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-02-22
  • Pages : 708
  • ISBN : 3036500286
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past decade, interest in plant biostimulants has been on the rise, compelled by the growing interest of researchers, extension specialists, private industries, and farmers in integrating these products in the array of environmentally friendly tools to secure improved crop performance, nutrient efficiency, product quality, and yield stability. Plant biostimulants include diverse organic and inorganic substances, natural compounds, and/or beneficial microorganisms such as humic acids, protein hydrolysates, seaweed and plant extracts, silicon, endophytic fungi like mycorrhizal fungi, and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria belonging to the genera Azospirillum, Azotobacter, and Rhizobium. Other substances (e.g., chitosan and other biopolymers and inorganic compounds) can have biostimulant properties, but their classification within the group of biostimulants is still under consideration. Plant biostimulants are usually applied to high-value crops, mainly greenhouse crops, fruit trees and vines, open-field crops, flowers, and ornamentals to sustainably increase yield and product quality. The global biostimulant market is currently estimated at about $2.0 billion and is expected to reach $3.0 billion by 2021 at an annual growth rate of 13%. A growing interest in plant biostimulants from industries and scientists was demonstrated by the high number of published peer-reviewed articles, conferences, workshops, and symposia in the past ten years. This book compiles several original research articles, technology reports, methods, opinions, perspectives, and invited reviews and mini reviews dissecting the biostimulatory action of these natural compounds and substances and beneficial microorganisms on crops grown under optimal and suboptimal growing conditions (e.g., salinity, drought, nutrient deficiency and toxicity, heavy metal contaminations, waterlogging, and adverse soil pH conditions). Also included are contributions dealing with the effect as well as the molecular and physiological mechanisms of plant biostimulants on nutrient efficiency, product quality, and modulation of the microbial population both quantitatively and qualitatively. In addition, identification and understanding of the optimal method, time, rate of application and phenological stage for improving plant performance and resilience to stress as well as the best combinations of plant species/cultivar × environment × management practices are also reported. We strongly believe that high standard reflected in this compilation on the principles and practices of plant biostimulants will foster knowledge transfer among scientific communities, industries, and agronomists, and will enable a better understanding of the mode of action and application procedures of biostimulants in different cropping systems.

Mycorrhiza - Function, Diversity, State of the Art

Mycorrhiza - Function, Diversity, State of the Art
A Book

by Ajit Varma,Ram Prasad,Narendra Tuteja

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-05-11
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN : 331953064X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the fourth updated and revised edition of a well-received book that emphasises on fungal diversity, plant productivity and sustainability. It contains new chapters written by leading experts in the field. This book is an up-to-date overview of current progress in mycorrhiza and association with plant productivity and environmental sustainability. The result is a must hands-on guide, ideally suited for agri-biotechnology, soil biology, fungal biology including mycorrrhiza and stress management, academia and researchers. The topic of this book is particularly relevant to researchers involved in mycorrhiza, especially to food security and environmental protection. Mycorrhizas are symbioses between fungi and the roots of higher plants. As more than 90% of all known species of plants have the potential to form mycorrhizal associations, the productivity and species composition and the diversity of natural ecosystems are frequently dependent upon the presence and activity of mycorrhizas. The biotechnological application of mycorrhizas is expected to promote the production of food while maintaining ecologically and economically sustainable production systems.

Mycorrhizal Fungi: Use in Sustainable Agriculture and Land Restoration

Mycorrhizal Fungi: Use in Sustainable Agriculture and Land Restoration
A Book

by Zakaria M. Solaiman,Lynette K. Abbott,Ajit Varma

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-12-29
  • Pages : 407
  • ISBN : 3662453703
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume explores the various functions and potential applications of mycorrhizas, including topics such as the dynamics of root colonization, soil carbon sequestration and the function of mycorrhizas in extreme environments. Some contributions focus on the use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in various crop production processes, including soil management practices, their use as biofertilizers and in relation to medicinal plants. Other chapters elucidate the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the alleviation of plant water stress and of heavy metal toxicity, in the remediation of saline soils, in mining-site rehabilitation and in the reforestation of degraded tropical forests. In addition to their impact in ecosystems, the economic benefits of applying arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are discussed. A final chapter describes recent advances in the cultivation of edible mycorrhizal mushrooms.

Basic Research and Applications of Mycorrhizae

Basic Research and Applications of Mycorrhizae
A Book

by Gopi K. Podila,Ajit Varma

  • Publisher : Anshan Pub
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 511
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mycorrhizae are a type of fungus formed by the relationship between plant roots and soil, and there is a widespread agreement among botanists and soil scientists that mycorrhizae are beneficial to the health and growth of soil and plants. Research into mycorrhizae has grown enormously in recent years. It is now known that these fungi have numerous properties and functions - they promote plant growth, maintain plant and soil health, provide protection against root diseases, they assist production using reduced fertilizer and pesticides, they effect soil structure, nutrient acquisition, root length and root structure. Mycorrhizae have many useful modern practical applications - the re-vegetation of landscapes, golf courses, contaminated soils, the prevention and retardation of leaf dehydration, the maintenance of soil and plant biodiversity - to name but a few. The editors of this book have produced a valuable collection of specialised contemporary information describing state of the art and modern protocols in mycorrhizal research, compiled and presented in one authoritative volume. It will be a valued reference work for botanists, microbiologists, agricultural and soil scientists.

Agriculturally Important Fungi for Sustainable Agriculture

Agriculturally Important Fungi for Sustainable Agriculture
Volume 2: Functional Annotation for Crop Protection

by Ajar Nath Yadav,Shashank Mishra,Divjot Kour,Neelam Yadav,Anil Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-08-09
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 3030484742
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbes are ubiquitous in nature. Among microbes, fungal communities play an important role in agriculture, the environment, and medicine. Vast fungal diversity has been found in plant systems. The fungi associated with any plant system are in the form of epiphytic, endophytic, and rhizospheric fungi. These associated fungi play important roles in plant growth, crop yield, and soil health. The rhizospheric fungi present in rhizospheric zones have a sufficient amount of nutrients released by plant root systems in the form of root exudates for growth, development, and activities of microbes. Endophytic fungi enter in host plants mainly through wounds that naturally occur as a result of plant growth, or develop through root hairs and at epidermal conjunctions. The phyllospheric fungi may survive or proliferate on leaves, depending on the extent of influences of material in leaf diffuseness or exudates. The diverse group of fungal communities is a key component of soil-plant systems, where they are engaged in an intense network of interactions in the rhizospheric, endophytic, and phyllospheric areas, and they have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. These fungal communities help to promote plant growth directly or indirectly by mechanisms for plant growth-promoting (PGP) attributes. These PGP fungi can be used as biofertilizers, bioinoculants, and biocontrol agents in place of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in an environmentally and eco-friendly manner. This book covers the current knowledge of plant-associated fungi and their potential biotechnological applications in agriculture and allied sectors. This book should be useful to scientists, researchers, and students of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology, and related subjects.

Grassland Biodiversity

Grassland Biodiversity
Habitat Types, Ecological Processes and Environmental Impacts

by Johan Runas,Theodor Dahlgren

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 377
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Genetic diversity and species diversity are both crucial for ecosystem stability. Analysis of plant diversity aims to understand the organization and the variability of biological populations within ecosystems. This book provides a review on chemotaxonomical criteria helping to understand complex structures of plant diversity. It focuses particularly on the chemotaxonomic usefulness of phenolic compounds in analysis of chemical polymorphisms at different taxonomic levels. The relationship between grazing pressure and grassland vegetation is also examined, using drastically improved information technology such as remote sensing, Geographic Information System (GIS) and Ground Positioning Systems (GPS). Furthermore, an overview of the unique ecosystem of the South Brazilian Campos grasslands are given. The role of disturbance in maintaining Campos biodiversity and dynamics, and the importance of its conservation, is looked at as well. Other chapters in this book discuss the relationship between management and vegetation, and also suggest ways to conserve the species diversity of both plants and butterflies in semi-natural grassland."--Publisher's description.

Plant Biodiversity Impacts on Arbuscular-mycorrhizal Fungi

Plant Biodiversity Impacts on Arbuscular-mycorrhizal Fungi
A Book

by Burrows Rhoda Louise

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and Vegetable Production

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and Vegetable Production
Diversity of AMF in Kern County, CA, and Dependency of Carrots and Potatoes on AMF for Optimal Growth

by Jill E. Carbone

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 92
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tropical Ecology

Tropical Ecology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture
Diversity and Biotechnological Applications

by Ajar Nath Yadav,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Neelam Yadav,Divjot Kour

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-31
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9811532087
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbes are ubiquitous in nature, and plant-microbe interactions are a key strategy for colonizing diverse habitats. The plant microbiome (epiphytic, endophytic and rhizospheric) plays an important role in plant growth and development and soil health. Further, rhizospheric soil is a valuable natural resource, hosting hotspots of microbes, and is vital in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem function. The term endophytic microbes refers to those microorganisms that colonize the interior the plants. The phyllosphere is a common niche for synergism between microbes and plants and includes the leaf surface. The diverse group of microbes are key components of soil-plant systems, and where they are engaged in an extensive network of interactions in the rhizosphere/endophytic/phyllospheric they have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. Plant microbiomes help to directly or indirectly promote plant growth using plant growth promoting attributes, and could potentially be used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants in place of chemical fertilizers. This book allows readers to gain an understanding of microbial diversity associated with plant systems and their role in plant growth, and soil health. Offering an overview of the state of the art in plant microbiomes and their potential biotechnological applications in agriculture and allied sectors, it is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and students in the field of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Sustainable Agriculture for Food, Energy and Industry

Sustainable Agriculture for Food, Energy and Industry
Strategies Towards Achievement : Proceedings of the International Conference Held in Braunschweig, Germany, June 1997

by Nasir El Bassam,R. K. Behl,B. Prochnow

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 1308
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agriculture is currently under increasing pressure both to be sustainably run - to be able to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs - and to provide food, energy and industrial resources to satisfy the demand of a rising world population.;Reconciling these two pressures is the theme of the papers gathered in this volume. Topics covered include: assessments of sustainability; energizing the food production chain to promote food security; primary reduction of biomass; climate and agro-ecosystems; biological, ecological and organic farming; management of marginal and fragile environments; and cultural, social and economic dimensions.

Invertebrate Biodiversity as Bioindicators of Sustainable Landscapes

Invertebrate Biodiversity as Bioindicators of Sustainable Landscapes
Practical Use of Invertebrates to Assess Sustainable Land Use

by Maurizio G. Paoletti

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN : 0444599681
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reducing environmental hazard and human impact on different ecosystems, with special emphasis on rural landscapes is the main topic of different environmental policies designed in developed countries and needed in most developing countries. This book covers the bioindication approach of rural landscapes and man managed ecosystems including both urbanised and industrialised ones. The main techniques and taxa used for bioindication are considered in detail. Remediation and contamination is faced with diversity, abundance and dominance of biota, mostly invertebrates. Invertebrate Biodiversity as Bioindicators of Sustainable Landscapes provides a basic tool for students and scientists involved in landscape ecology and planning, environmental sciences, landscape remediation and pollution.

Exploring the Role of Diversity in Sustainable Agriculture

Exploring the Role of Diversity in Sustainable Agriculture
Proceedings of a Symposium ...

by American Society of Agronomy. Meeting

  • Publisher : Amer Society of Agronomy
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The symposium and the resulting book on "Exploring the Role of Diversity in Sustainable Agriculture" is one of the first efforts in attempting to summarize existing knowledge on the subject. The terms diversity and biodiversity have recently come into wide public use. Most typically, they are used in discussions about conservation issues, particularly the magnitude and importance of species loss. At other times, however, diversity and biodiversity are referred to a desirable property of natural systems and, perhaps in a different sense, of human society. It is this second use of the term that has inspired this publication

Bioformulations: for Sustainable Agriculture

Bioformulations: for Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Naveen Kumar Arora,Samina Mehnaz,Raffaella Balestrini

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-06-06
  • Pages : 299
  • ISBN : 8132227794
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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More than a century has passed since the first bioformulations were introduced to the market. But there is still much to be done, explored and developed. Though bioformulations offer green alternatives and are important for sustainable agriculture, they make up only a small fraction of the total additions used to enhance crop yields or protect them from pests. There is a great need to develop bioformulations that can promote confidence among end users; accordingly, it is imperative that bioformulations to replace chemicals be reliable and overcome the shortcomings of the past. Bioformulations: for Sustainable Agriculture discusses all the issues related to the current limitations and future development of bioformulations. It examines in detail those bioformulations that include biofertilizers and biopesticides (also commonly known as bioinoculants), presenting a global picture of their development. Further chapters address diverse microbes that are already being or could be used as bioformulations. The book also discusses the techniques, tools and other additions required to establish bioformulations as trustworthy and global solutions. It assesses the types of bioformulations currently available on the market, while also considering the future roles of bioformulations, including the reclamation of marginal and polluted soils. Further, it discusses the current legislation and much-needed amendments. Overall the book provides a comprehensive outlook on the status quo of bioformulations and the future approaches needed to improve them and achieve sustainable agriculture and food security without sacrificing the quality of soils. This will be extremely important in offering chemical-free foods and a better future for generations to come.

Bibliography of Agriculture with Subject Index

Bibliography of Agriculture with Subject Index
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mycorrhizosphere and Pedogenesis

Mycorrhizosphere and Pedogenesis
A Book

by Ajit Varma,Devendra K. Choudhary

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-13
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 981136480X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The present book highlights importance of mycorrhiza in soil genesis wherein it reflects mycorrhizal occurrence and diversity, various tools to characterize them and its impact on soil formation/health together with crop productivity. The edited compendium provides glimpses on the mycorrhizal fungi and their prominent role in nutrient transfer into host plants, and presenting view on application of mycorrhiza for crop biofortification. It focuses on the mechanisms involve in weathering process employed by mycorrhiza with highlighting the current and advanced molecular approaches for studying mycorrhizal diversity. Further, book emphasizes following aspects in details: significance of AMF in phytoremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated sites, the role of mycorrhiza in soil genesis using scientometric approach, the concept of mycorrhizosphere, xenobiotic metabolism, molecular approaches for detoxifying the organic xenobiotics and the role of mycorrhizosphere in stabilizing the environment in an eco-friendly way. In addition, the book will be benign to researchers that involved in mycorrhiza characterization especially by deploying metagenomics/PCR based and non PCR based molecular techniques that may be utilized to study the microbial diversity and structure within the mycorrhizosphere.

Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity

Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity
Vol. 1: Research Perspectives

by Dhananjaya Pratap Singh,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Ratna Prabha

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-02-22
  • Pages : 343
  • ISBN : 813222647X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How to achieve sustainable agricultural production without compromising environmental quality, agro-ecosystem function and biodiversity is a serious consideration in current agricultural practices. Farming systems’ growing dependency on chemical inputs (fertilizers, pesticides, nutrients etc.) poses serious threats with regard to crop productivity, soil fertility, the nutritional value of farm produce, management of pests and diseases, agro-ecosystem well-being, and health issues for humans and animals. At the same time, microbial inoculants in the form of biofertilizers, plant growth promoters, biopesticides, soil health managers, etc. have gained considerable attention among researchers, agriculturists, farmers and policy makers. The first volume of the book Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity - Research Perspectives highlights the efforts of global experts with regard to various aspects of microbial inoculants. Emphasis is placed on recent advances in microbiological techniques for the isolation, characterization, identification and evaluation of functional properties using biochemical and molecular tools. The taxonomic characterization of agriculturally important microorganisms is documented, along with their applications in field conditions. The book exploresthe identification, characterization and diversity analysis of endophytic microorganisms in various crops including legumes/ non-legumes, as well as the assessment of their beneficial impacts in the context of promotingplant growth. Moreover, it provides essential updates onthe diversity and role of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and arbuscular mycorrhizal mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Further chaptersexamine in detailbiopesticides, thehigh-density cultivation of bioinoculants in submerged culture, seed biopriming strategies for abiotic and biotic stress tolerance, andPGPR as abio-control agent. Given its content,the book offers a valuable resource for researchers involved in research and development concerningPGPR, biopesticides and microbial inoculants.