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Scanning Probe Microscopy: Characterization, Nanofabrication and Device Application of Functional Materials

Scanning Probe Microscopy: Characterization, Nanofabrication and Device Application of Functional Materials
Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Scanning Probe Microscopy: Characterization, Nanofabrication and Device Application of Functional Materials, Algarve, Portugal, 1 - 13 October 2002

by Paula M. Vilarinho,Yossi Rosenwaks,Angus Kingon

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-03-30
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 1402030193
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As the characteristic dimensions of electronic devices continue to shrink, the ability to characterize their electronic properties at the nanometer scale has come to be of outstanding importance. In this sense, Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM) is becoming an indispensable tool, playing a key role in nanoscience and nanotechnology. SPM is opening new opportunities to measure semiconductor electronic properties with unprecedented spatial resolution. SPM is being successfully applied for nanoscale characterization of ferroelectric thin films. In the area of functional molecular materials it is being used as a probe to contact molecular structures in order to characterize their electrical properties, as a manipulator to assemble nanoparticles and nanotubes into simple devices, and as a tool to pattern molecular nanostructures. This book provides in-depth information on new and emerging applications of SPM to the field of materials science, namely in the areas of characterisation, device application and nanofabrication of functional materials. Starting with the general properties of functional materials the authors present an updated overview of the fundamentals of Scanning Probe Techniques and the application of SPM techniques to the characterization of specified functional materials such as piezoelectric and ferroelectric and to the fabrication of some nano electronic devices. Its uniqueness is in the combination of the fundamental nanoscale research with the progress in fabrication of realistic nanodevices. By bringing together the contribution of leading researchers from the materials science and SPM communities, relevant information is conveyed that allows researchers to learn more about the actual developments in SPM applied to functional materials. This book will contribute to the continuous education and development in the field of nanotechnology.

Functional Materials

Functional Materials
Advances and Applications in Energy Storage and Conversion

by Toshio Naito

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-01-15
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0429886721
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The world is currently facing the urgent and demanding challenges of saving and utilizing energy as efficiently as possible. Materials science, where chemistry meets physics, has garnered a great deal of attention because of its versatile techniques for designing and producing new, desired materials enabling energy storage and conversion. This book is a comprehensive survey of the research on such materials. Unlike a monograph or a review book, it covers a wide variety of compounds, details diverse study methodologies, and spans different scientific fields. It contains cutting-edge research in chemistry and physics from the interdisciplinary team of Ehime University (Japan), the members of which are currently broadening the horizon of materials sciences through their own ideas, tailored equipment, and state-of-the-art techniques. Edited by Toshio Naito, a prominent materials scientist, this book will appeal to anyone interested in solid-state chemistry, organic and inorganic semiconductors, low-temperature physics, or the development of functional materials, including advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of solid-state properties and researchers in metal-complex science, materials science, chemistry, and physics, especially those with an interest in (semi)conducting and/or magnetic materials for energy storage and conversion.

Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation

Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation
A Book

by Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Kandasamy Jothivenkatachalam

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-06-10
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1119529913
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive volume on photocatalytic functional materials for environmental remediation As the need for removing large amounts of pollution and contamination in air, soil, and water grows, emerging technologies in the field of environmental remediation are of increasing importance. The use of photocatalysis—a green technology with enormous potential to resolve the issues related to environmental pollution—breaks down toxic organic compounds to mineralized products such as carbon dioxide and water. Due to their high performance, ease of fabrication, long-term stability, and low manufacturing costs, photofunctional materials constructed from nanocomposite materials hold great potential for environmental remediation. Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation examines the development of high performance photofunctional materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants. This timely volume assembles and reviews a broad range of ideas from leading experts in fields of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, materials science, and engineering. Precise, up-to-date chapters cover both the fundamentals and applications of photocatalytic functional materials. Semiconductor-metal nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides, metal-organic frameworks, polymer nanocomposites, and other photofunctional materials are examined in applications such as carbon dioxide reduction and organic pollutant degradation. Providing interdisciplinary focus to green technology materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants, this important work: Provides comprehensive coverage of various photocatalytic materials for environmental remediation useful for researchers and developers Encompasses both fundamental concepts and applied technology in the field Focuses on novel design and application of photocatalytic materials used for the removal of environmental contaminates and pollution Offers in-depth examination of highly topical green-technology solutions Presents an interdisciplinary approach to environmental remediation Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation is a vital resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in the multi-disciplinary areas of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, environmental science, materials science, and engineering related to photocatalytic environmental remediation.

Physics of Functional Materials

Physics of Functional Materials
A Book

by Hasse Fredriksson,Ulla Åkerlind

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-09-15
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 0470725354
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written by academics with more than 30 years experience teaching physics and material science, this book will act as a one-stop reference on functional materials. Offering a complete coverage of functional materials, this unique book deals with all three states of the material, providing an insightful overview of this subject not before seen in other texts. Includes solved examples, a number of exercises and answers to the exercises. Aims to promote understanding of the subject as a basis for higher studies. The use of mathematically complicated quantum mechanical equations will be minimized to aid understanding. For Instructors & Students: Visit Wiley’s Higher Education Site for: Supplements Online Resources Technology Solutions Instructors may request an evaluation copy for this title.

Ferroic Functional Materials

Ferroic Functional Materials
Experiment, Modeling and Simulation

by Jörg Schröder,Doru C. Lupascu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-11-23
  • Pages : 285
  • ISBN : 3319688839
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book covers experiments and theory in the fields of ferroelectrics, ferromagnets, ferroelastics, and multiferroics. Topics include experimental preparation and characterization of magnetoelectric multiferroics, the modeling of ferroelectric and ferromagnetic materials, the formation of ferroic microstructures and their continuum-mechanical modeling, computational homogenization, and the algorithmic treatment in the framework of numerical solution strategies.

Functional Materials and Electronics

Functional Materials and Electronics
A Book

by Jiabao Yi,Sean Li

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-05-11
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 135168275X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This informative book focuses on newly developed functional materials and their applications for electronic and spintronic devices. Electronic devices have become a part of our daily modern life, involving mobile phones, data storage, computers, and satellites, and there is relentless growth in microelectronics. This volume covers the topics of oxide materials for electronics devices, new materials, and new properties, especially in newly developed research areas, such as oxide magnetic semiconductors and two-dimensional electron gas. Key features: Emphasizes functional materials for electronic devices, including two-dimensional materials, two-dimensional electron gas, multiferroic materials, memory materials, sensor materials, and spintronic materials. Describes the basics as well as new developments of these functional materials and devices.

Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers

Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers
A Book

by Yaser Dahman

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-01-13
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN : 0323524664
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers focuses on key essentials and examples across the spectrum of nanomaterials as applied by engineers, including nanosensors, smart nanomaterials, nanopolymers, and nanotubes. Chapters cover their synthesis and characteristics, production methods, and applications, with specific sections exploring nanoelectronics and electro-optic nanotechnology, nanostructures, and nanodevices. This book is a valuable resource for interdisciplinary researchers who want to learn more about how nanomaterials are used in different types of engineering, including electrical, chemical, and biomedical. Offers in-depth information on a variety of nanomaterials and how they are used for different engineering applications Provides an overview of current research and suggests how this will impact future applications Explores how the unique properties of different nanomaterials make them particularly suitable for specific applications

Mechanics of Composite and Multi-functional Materials, Volume 7

Mechanics of Composite and Multi-functional Materials, Volume 7
Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics

by Carter Ralph,Meredith Silberstein,Piyush R. Thakre,Raman Singh

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-10-30
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN : 3319217623
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experimental Mechanics of Composite, Hybrid, and Multifunctional Materials, Volume 7 of the Proceedings of the 2015SEM Annual Conference& Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the seventh volume of nine from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Multifunctional Materials Hybrid Materials Novel Composites Nano- and Particle-Reinforced Composites Additive Manufacturing of Composites Digital Imaging of Composites Damage Detection Non-Destructive Evaluation Fatigue and Fracture of Composites Manufacturing and Joining of Composites Advanced Composites Applications

Functional Materials in Amperometric Sensing

Functional Materials in Amperometric Sensing
Polymeric, Inorganic, and Nanocomposite Materials for Modified Electrodes

by Renato Seeber,Fabio Terzi,Chiara Zanardi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-12-29
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN : 3662451034
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Amperometric sensors, biosensors included, particularly rely on suitable electrode materials. Progress in material science has led to a wide variety of options that are available today. For the first time, these novel functional electrode coating materials are reviewed in this monograph, written by and for electroanalytical chemists. This includes intrinsically conducting, redox and ion-exchange polymers, metal and carbon nanostructures, silica based materials. Monolayers and relatively thick films are considered. The authors critically discuss preparation methods, in addition to chemical and physical characteristics of these new materials. They present various examples of emerging applications in electroanalysis. Due to its comprehensive coverage, the book will become an indispensable source for researchers working on the development and even proper use of new amperometric sensor systems.

Electrohydrodynamic Patterning of Functional Materials

Electrohydrodynamic Patterning of Functional Materials
A Book

by Pola Goldberg Oppenheimer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-07-23
  • Pages : 137
  • ISBN : 3319007831
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This thesis explores a route to induce and control the structure formation process in thin films by the use of strong electric fields. We investigate, establish and apply the use of the electrohydrodynamic (EHD) lithography as a versatile patterning tool on the sub-micrometre and nanometre length scales for functional materials. Thin films are ubiquitous, they are found in nature and used in almost every aspect of daily life. While film instabilities are often undesirable in nature and technology, they can be utilized to produce structures by precisely controlling the destabilization of the film. EHD lithography utilizes instabilities induced by means of an electric field to fabricate periodic structures. EHD patterning is set to become a competitive candidate for low-cost lithographic technology for a number of applications. Herein, the applied potential of this lithographic process is explored by expanding its applicability to a broad range of materials and by a simultaneous patterning of multilayer systems or functional polymers yielding hierarchical architectures with novel functionalities. EHD pattern formation enables for instance, the fabrication of multi-scale structured arrays as surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-active platforms. Furthermore, crystalline and conductive polymers are patterned using the EHD approach and the underlying structure formation mechanisms are discussed. This extension towards functional material systems offers interesting prospects for potential applications. Findings of this thesis are very promising for use in optoelectronic devices.

Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
A Book

by Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Kandasamy Jothivenkatachalam,Karuppanapillai B. Bhojanaa

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-10-30
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1119557399
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Offers an Interdisciplinary approach to the engineering of functional materials for efficient solar cell technology Written by a collection of experts in the field of solar cell technology, this book focuses on the engineering of a variety of functional materials for improving photoanode efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). The first two chapters describe operation principles of DSSC, charge transfer dynamics, as well as challenges and solutions for improving DSSCs. The remaining chapters focus on interfacial engineering of functional materials at the photoanode surface to create greater output efficiency. Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells begins by introducing readers to the history, configuration, components, and working principles of DSSC It then goes on to cover both nanoarchitectures and light scattering materials as photoanode. Function of compact (blocking) layer in the photoanode and of TiCl4 post-treatment in the photoanode are examined at next. Next two chapters look at photoanode function of doped semiconductors and binary semiconductor metal oxides. Other chapters consider nanocomposites, namely, plasmonic nanocomposites, carbon nanotube based nanocomposites, graphene based nanocomposites, and graphite carbon nitride based nanocompositesas photoanodes. The book: Provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals through the applications of DSSC Encompasses topics on various functional materials for DSSC technology Focuses on the novel design and application of materials in DSSC, to develop more efficient renewable energy sources Is useful for material scientists, engineers, physicists, and chemists interested in functional materials for the design of efficient solar cells Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells will be of great benefit to graduate students, researchers and engineers, who work in the multi-disciplinary areas of material science, engineering, physics, and chemistry.

Energy Harvesting with Functional Materials and Microsystems

Energy Harvesting with Functional Materials and Microsystems
A Book

by Madhu Bhaskaran,Sharath Sriram,Krzysztof Iniewski

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-12-19
  • Pages : 289
  • ISBN : 1351831666
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For decades, people have searched for ways to harvest energy from natural sources. Lately, a desire to address the issue of global warming and climate change has popularized solar or photovoltaic technology, while piezoelectric technology is being developed to power handheld devices without batteries, and thermoelectric technology is being explored to convert wasted heat, such as in automobile engine combustion, into electricity. Featuring contributions from international researchers in both academics and industry, Energy Harvesting with Functional Materials and Microsystems explains the growing field of energy harvesting from a materials and device perspective, with resulting technologies capable of enabling low-power implantable sensors or a large-scale electrical grid. In addition to the design, implementation, and components of energy-efficient electronics, the book covers current advances in energy-harvesting materials and technology, including: High-efficiency solar technologies with lower cost than existing silicon-based photovoltaics Novel piezoelectric technologies utilizing mechanical energy from vibrations and pressure The ability to harness thermal energy and temperature profiles with thermoelectric materials Whether you’re a practicing engineer, academician, graduate student, or entrepreneur looking to invest in energy-harvesting devices, this book is your complete guide to fundamental materials and applied microsystems for energy harvesting.

Transport Phenomena in Micro- and Nanoscale Functional Materials and Devices

Transport Phenomena in Micro- and Nanoscale Functional Materials and Devices
A Book

by Joao B. Sousa,Joao O. Ventura,Paulo Freitas,Andre Pereira

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-04-09
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 0323460976
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transport Phenomena in Micro- and Nanoscale Functional Materials and Devices offers a pragmatic view on transport phenomena for micro- and nanoscale materials and devices, both as a research tool and as a means to implant new functions in materials. Chapters emphasize transport properties (TP) as a research tool at the micro/nano level and give an experimental view on underlying techniques. The relevance of TP is highlighted through the interplay between a micro/nanocarrier's characteristics and media characteristics: long/short-range order and disorder excitations, couplings, and in energy conversions. Later sections contain case studies on the role of transport properties in functional nanomaterials. This includes transport in thin films and nanostructures, from nanogranular films, to graphene and 2D semiconductors and spintronics, and from read heads, MRAMs and sensors, to nano-oscillators and energy conversion, from figures of merit, micro-coolers and micro-heaters, to spincaloritronics. Presents a pragmatic description of electrical transport phenomena in micro- and nanoscale materials and devices from an experimental viewpoint Provides an in-depth overview of the experimental techniques available to measure transport phenomena in micro- and nanoscale materials Features case studies to illustrate how each technique works Highlights emerging areas of interest in micro- and nanomaterial transport phenomena, including spintronics

Functional Organic Materials

Functional Organic Materials
Syntheses, Strategies and Applications

by Thomas J. J. Müller,Uwe H. F. Bunz

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2007-02-12
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN : 9783527313020
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This timely overview of the syntheses for functional pi-systems focuses on target molecules that have shown interesting properties as materials or models in physics, biology and chemistry. The unique concept allows readers to select the right synthetic strategy for success, making it invaluable for a number of industrial applications. A "must have" for everyone working in this new and rapidly expanding field.

Functional Materials Through Coordination Chemistry

Functional Materials Through Coordination Chemistry
New Rhenium-containing Metal-cyanide Complexes, Clusters, and Solids

by Miriam Velva Bennett

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Magneto-Responsive Functional Materials

Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Magneto-Responsive Functional Materials
A Book

by Yancheng Li,Jinbo Wu,Yingdan Liu,Xinglong Gong

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-08-10
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 288971165X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050

Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
A Book

by Ke Lu,Lidong Chen,Tianbai He,Qing Yan

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-08-09
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 3642053181
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As one of the eighteen field-specific reports comprising the comprehensive scope of the strategic general report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range planning for developing science and technology in the field of advanced materials science. They each craft a roadmap for their sphere of development to 2050. In their entirety, the general and sub-group reports analyze the evolution and laws governing the development of science and technology, describe the decisive impact of science and technology on the modernization process, predict that the world is on the eve of an impending S&T revolution, and call for China to be fully prepared for this new round of S&T advancement. Based on the detailed study of the demands on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the reports draw a framework for eight basic and strategic systems of socio-economic development with the support of science and technology, work out China's S&T roadmaps for the relevant eight basic and strategic systems in line with China's reality, further detail S&T initiatives of strategic importance to China's modernization, and provide S&T decision-makers with comprehensive consultations for the development of S&T innovation consistent with China's reality. Supported by illustrations and tables of data, the reports provide researchers, government officials and entrepreneurs with guidance concerning research directions, the planning process, and investment. Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the nation's highest academic institution in natural sciences. Its major responsibilities are to conduct research in basic and technological sciences, to undertake nationwide integrated surveys on natural resources and ecological environment, to provide the country with scientific data and consultations for government's decision-making, to undertake government-assigned projects with regard to key S&T problems in the process of socio-economic development, to initiate personnel training, and to promote China's high-tech enterprises through its active engagement in these areas.

Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment
Application of New Functional Materials

by Jianyu Chen,Jun Luo,Qijin Luo,Zhihua Pang

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2018-10-22
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 3110544385
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes the research results and applications of functional zeolite, functional ceramsite, modified montmorillonite and other functional materials in water purification areas. With abundant project experiences, the book is an essential reference for researchers and PhD students in environmental science, material science, environmental chemistry, as well as industrial engineers.

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices
Semiconductors. Vol. 1

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 0125137451
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation

Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation
A Book

by Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Kandasamy Jothivenkatachalam

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-06-10
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1119529891
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive volume on photocatalytic functional materials for environmental remediation As the need for removing large amounts of pollution and contamination in air, soil, and water grows, emerging technologies in the field of environmental remediation are of increasing importance. The use of photocatalysis—a green technology with enormous potential to resolve the issues related to environmental pollution—breaks down toxic organic compounds to mineralized products such as carbon dioxide and water. Due to their high performance, ease of fabrication, long-term stability, and low manufacturing costs, photofunctional materials constructed from nanocomposite materials hold great potential for environmental remediation. Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation examines the development of high performance photofunctional materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants. This timely volume assembles and reviews a broad range of ideas from leading experts in fields of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, materials science, and engineering. Precise, up-to-date chapters cover both the fundamentals and applications of photocatalytic functional materials. Semiconductor-metal nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides, metal-organic frameworks, polymer nanocomposites, and other photofunctional materials are examined in applications such as carbon dioxide reduction and organic pollutant degradation. Providing interdisciplinary focus to green technology materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants, this important work: Provides comprehensive coverage of various photocatalytic materials for environmental remediation useful for researchers and developers Encompasses both fundamental concepts and applied technology in the field Focuses on novel design and application of photocatalytic materials used for the removal of environmental contaminates and pollution Offers in-depth examination of highly topical green-technology solutions Presents an interdisciplinary approach to environmental remediation Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation is a vital resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in the multi-disciplinary areas of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, environmental science, materials science, and engineering related to photocatalytic environmental remediation.