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Functional Neuromarkers for Psychiatry

Functional Neuromarkers for Psychiatry
Applications for Diagnosis and Treatment

by Juri D. Kropotov

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-05-03
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN : 0124105203
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functional Neuromarkers for Psychiatry explores recent advances in neuroscience that have allowed scientists to discover functional neuromarkers of psychiatric disorders. These neuromarkers include brain activation patterns seen via fMRI, PET, qEEG, and ERPs. The book examines these neuromarkers in detail—what to look for, how to use them in clinical practice, and the promise they provide toward early detection, prevention, and personalized treatment of mental disorders. The neuromarkers identified in this book have a diagnostic sensitivity and specificity higher than 80%. They are reliable, reproducible, inexpensive to measure, noninvasive, and have been confirmed by at least two independent studies. The book focuses primarily on the analysis of EEG and ERPs. It elucidates the neuronal mechanisms that generate EEG spontaneous rhythms and explores the functional meaning of ERP components in cognitive tasks. The functional neuromarkers for ADHD, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder are reviewed in detail. The book highlights how to use these functional neuromarkers for diagnosis, personalized neurotherapy, and monitoring treatment results. Identifies specific brain activation patterns that are neuromarkers for psychiatric disorders Includes neuromarkers as seen via fMRI, PET, qEEG, and ERPs Addresses neuromarkers for ADHD, schizophrenia, and OCD in detail Provides information on using neuromarkers for diagnosis and/or personalized treatment

Functional Neuromarkers for Psychiatry

Functional Neuromarkers for Psychiatry
Applications for Diagnosis and Treatment

by Juri D. Kropotov

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-05-27
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN : 9780124105133
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Functional Neuromarkers for Psychiatry" explores recent advances in neuroscience that have allowed scientists to discover functional neuromarkers of psychiatric disorders. These neuromarkers include brain activation patterns seen via fMRI, PET, qEEG, and ERPs. The book examines these neuromarkers in detail-what to look for, how to use them in clinical practice, and the promise they provide toward early detection, prevention, and personalized treatment of mental disorders. The neuromarkers identified in this book have a diagnostic sensitivity and specificity higher than 80%. They are reliable, reproducible, inexpensive to measure, noninvasive, and have been confirmed by at least two independent studies. The book focuses primarily on the analysis of EEG and ERPs. It elucidates the neuronal mechanisms that generate EEG spontaneous rhythms and explores the functional meaning of ERP components in cognitive tasks. The functional neuromarkers for ADHD, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder are reviewed in detail. The book highlights how to use these functional neuromarkers for diagnosis, personalized neurotherapy, and monitoring treatment results. Identifies specific brain activation patterns that are neuromarkers for psychiatric disordersIncludes neuromarkers as seen via fMRI, PET, qEEG, and ERPsAddresses neuromarkers for ADHD, schizophrenia, and OCD in detailProvides information on using neuromarkers for diagnosis and/or personalized treatment

Handbook of Research on Solving Modern Healthcare Challenges With Gamification

Handbook of Research on Solving Modern Healthcare Challenges With Gamification
A Book

by Alexandre Peixoto de Queirós, Ricardo,Marques, António José

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2021-01-22
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 179987477X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While many fields such as e-learning, business, and marketing have taken advantage of the potential of gamification, the healthcare domain has just started to exploit this emerging trend, still in an ad-hoc fashion. Despite the huge potential of applying gamification on several topics of healthcare, there are scarce theoretical studies regarding methodologies, techniques, specifications, and frameworks. These applications must be examined further as they can be used to solve major healthcare-related challenges such as care plan maintenance, medication adherence, phobias treatment, or patient education. Handbook of Research on Solving Modern Healthcare Challenges With Gamification aims to share new approaches and methodologies to build e-health solutions using gamification and identifies new trends on this topic from pedagogical strategies to technological approaches. This book serves as a collection of knowledge that builds the theoretical foundations that can be helpful in creating sustainable e-health solutions in the future. While covering topics such as augmented and virtual reality, ethical issues in gamification, e-learning, telehealth services, and digital applications, this book is essential for research scholars, healthcare/computer science teachers and students pursuing healthcare/computer science-related subjects, enterprise developers, practitioners, researchers, academicians, and students interested in the latest developments and research solving healthcare challenges with modern e-health solutions using gamification.

Neural Interface Engineering

Neural Interface Engineering
Linking the Physical World and the Nervous System

by Liang Guo

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-05-04
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 3030418545
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive reference to major neural interfacing technologies used to transmit signals between the physical world and the nervous system for repairing, restoring and even augmenting body functions. The authors discuss the classic approaches for neural interfacing, the major challenges encountered, and recent, emerging techniques to mitigate these challenges for better chronic performances. Readers will benefit from this book’s unprecedented scope and depth of coverage on the technology of neural interfaces, the most critical component in any type of neural prostheses. Provides comprehensive coverage of major neural interfacing technologies; Reviews and discusses both classic and latest, emerging topics; Includes classification of technologies to provide an easy grasp of research and trends in the field.

Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality. Multimodal Interaction

Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality. Multimodal Interaction
11th International Conference, VAMR 2019, Held as Part of the 21st HCI International Conference, HCII 2019, Orlando, FL, USA, July 26–31, 2019, Proceedings, Part I

by Jessie Y.C. Chen,Gino Fragomeni

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-10
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN : 3030216071
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This two-volume set LNCS 11574 and 11575 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality, VAMR 2019, held in July 2019 as part of HCI International 2019 in Orlando, FL, USA. HCII 2019 received a total of 5029 submissions, of which 1275 papers and 209 posters were accepted for publication after a careful reviewing process. The 80 papers presented in this volume were organized in topical sections named: multimodal interaction in VR, rendering, layout, visualization and navigation, avatars, embodiment and empathy in VAMR, cognitive and health issues in VAMR, VAMR and robots, VAMR in learning, training and entertainment, VAMR in aviation, industry and the military.

Advances in Communication Systems and Networks

Advances in Communication Systems and Networks
Select Proceedings of ComNet 2019

by J. Jayakumari,George K. Karagiannidis,Maode Ma,Syed Akhter Hossain

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-06-13
  • Pages : 859
  • ISBN : 9811539928
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the selected peer-reviewed papers from the International Conference on Communication Systems and Networks (ComNet) 2019. Highlighting the latest findings, ideas, developments and applications in all areas of advanced communication systems and networking, it covers a variety of topics, including next-generation wireless technologies such as 5G, new hardware platforms, antenna design, applications of artificial intelligence (AI), signal processing and optimization techniques. Given its scope, this book can be useful for beginners, researchers and professionals working in wireless communication and networks, and other allied fields.

Neuropsychogical Trends 25 - April 2019

Neuropsychogical Trends 25 - April 2019
A Book

by AA. VV.

  • Publisher : LED Edizioni Universitarie
  • Release : 2020-10-28T00:00:00+01:00
  • Pages : 110
  • ISBN : 8855130196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Richard H. Morley - Paul B. Jantz - Reiko Graham, The Salience Network structures as a mediator of violence and perceptions of hostility - Sara Invitto - Carola Capone - Graziano Gigante - Giulia Piraino - Bianca Sisinni, The effect of acoustic feedback in an auditory Posner paradigm: delay effect and bias in ERP - Seyedeh Maryam Moshirian Farahi - Mohammad Javad Asghari Ebrahimabad - Ali Gorji - Imanollah Bigdeli - Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Moshirian Farahi, Cortical brain activities related to neuroticism and extraversion in adolescence - Laura Angioletti - Michela Balconi, What is the role of metacognition in Parkinson’s Disease patients with Pathological Gambling? - Ymie J. Van Der Zee - Peter L.J. Stiers - Lieven Lagae - Johan J.M. Pel - Heleen M. Evenhuis, Chronological age versus developmental age in evaluating patients’ performances on motion perception tests - Irene Venturella - Davide Crivelli - Marina Fossati - Francesca Fiorillo - Michela Balconi, Fronto-parietal network in response to pleasant and unpleasant somatic stimuli in DoC patients: a pilot study

Doing Research in Sound Design

Doing Research in Sound Design
A Book

by Michael Filimowicz

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-11-24
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 1000375196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Doing Research in Sound Design gathers chapters on the wide range of research methodologies used in sound design. Editor Michael Filimowicz and a diverse group of contributors provide an overview of cross-disciplinary inquiry into sound design that transcends discursive and practical divides. The book covers Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods inquiry. For those new to sound design research, each chapter covers specific research methods that can be utilized directly in order to begin to integrate the methodology into their practice. More experienced researchers will find the scope of topics comprehensive and rich in ideas for new lines of inquiry. Students and teachers in sound design graduate programs, industry-based R&D experts and audio professionals will find the volume to be a useful guide in developing their skills of inquiry into sound design for any particular application area.

Smart Biofeedback

Smart Biofeedback
Perspectives and Applications

by Edward Da-Yin Liao

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2020-12-16
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 1838819738
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Smart biofeedback is receiving attention because of the widespread availability of advanced technologies and smart devices that are used in effective collection, analysis, and feedback of physiologic data. Researchers and practitioners have been working on various aspects of smart biofeedback methodologies and applications by using wireless communications, the Internet of Things (IoT), wearables, biomedical sensors, artificial intelligence, big data analytics, clinical virtual reality, smartphones, and apps, among others. The current paradigm shift in information and communication technologies (ICT) has been propelling the rapid pace of innovation in smart biofeedback. This book addresses five important topics of the perspectives and applications in smart biofeedback: brain networks, neuromeditation, psychophysiological psychotherapy, physiotherapy, and privacy, security, and integrity of data.

Signal Processing Techniques for Computational Health Informatics

Signal Processing Techniques for Computational Health Informatics
A Book

by Md Atiqur Rahman Ahad,Mosabber Uddin Ahmed

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-10-07
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 3030549321
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on signal processing techniques used in computational health informatics. As computational health informatics is the interdisciplinary study of the design, development, adoption and application of information and technology-based innovations, specifically, computational techniques that are relevant in health care, the book covers a comprehensive and representative range of signal processing techniques used in biomedical applications, including: bio-signal origin and dynamics, sensors used for data acquisition, artefact and noise removal techniques, feature extraction techniques in the time, frequency, time–frequency and complexity domain, and image processing techniques in different image modalities. Moreover, it includes an extensive discussion of security and privacy challenges, opportunities and future directions for computational health informatics in the big data age, and addresses the incorporation of recent techniques from the areas of artificial intelligence, deep learning and human–computer interaction. The systematic analysis of the state-of-the-art techniques covered here helps to further our understanding of the physiological processes involved and expandour capabilities in medical diagnosis and prognosis. In closing, the book, the first of its kind, blends state-of-the-art theory and practices of signal processing techniques inthe health informatics domain with real-world case studies building on those theories. As a result, it can be used as a text for health informatics courses to provide medics with cutting-edge signal processing techniques, or to introducehealth professionals who are already serving in this sector to some of the most exciting computational ideas that paved the way for the development of computational health informatics.

Human and Animal Models for Translational Research on Neurodegeneration: Challenges and Opportunities From South America

Human and Animal Models for Translational Research on Neurodegeneration: Challenges and Opportunities From South America
A Book

by Agustín Ibáñez,Lucas Sedeño,Adolfo M. García,Robert M.J. Deacon,Patricia Cogram

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2018-06-21
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889454940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neurodegenerative diseases are the most frequent cause of dementia, representing a burden for public health systems (especially in middle and middle-high income countries). Although most research on this issue is concentrated in first-world centers, growing efforts in South America are affording important breakthroughs. This emerging agenda poses new challenges for the region but also new opportunities for the field. This book aims to integrate the community of experts across the globe and the region, and to establish new challenges and developments for future investigation. We present research focused on neurodegenerative research in South America. We introduce studies assessing the interplay among genetic, neural, and behavioral dimensions of these diseases, as well as articles on vulnerability factors, comparisons of findings from various countries, and works promoting multicenter and collaborative networking. More generally, our book covers a broad scope of human-research approaches (behavioral assessment, neuroimaging, electromagnetic techniques, brain connectivity, peripheral measures), animal methodologies (genetics, epigenetics, proteomics, metabolomics, other molecular biology tools), species (all human and non-human animals, sporadic, and genetic versions), and article types (original research, review, and opinion papers). Through this wide-ranging proposal, we hope to introduce a fresh approach to the challenges and opportunities of research on neurodegeneration in South America.

Between Theory and Clinic: The Contribution of Neuroimaging in the Field of Consciousness Disorders

Between Theory and Clinic: The Contribution of Neuroimaging in the Field of Consciousness Disorders
A Book

by Olivia Gosseries,Steven Laureys,Caroline Schnakers

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-05-16
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889458423
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The amount of patients surviving severe brain injury has gradually increased over these last decades thanks to the development of intensive care. These patients either recover quickly from coma or go through prolonged disorders of consciousness such as vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS) or minimally conscious state (MCS). While patients in a minimally conscious state are to some extent aware of themselves and the environment, and show fluctuating but reproducible signs of consciousness, patients in a vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome are awake but only show reflexive behaviors. These patients are unable to communicate and present vigilance fluctuation, sensory deficits as well as severe motor and language impairments. Even though behavioral assessment currently remains the gold standard for diagnosis, a number of studies highlights the difficulty in making the distinction between conscious and unconscious patients based on clinical examinations and show a misdiagnosis rate as high as 40%. Misdiagnosis can nevertheless have serious consequences on patient’s management, medically but also ethically (i.e., regarding end-of-life decision). The emergence of functional neuroimaging techniques (such as positron emission tomography – PET and functional magnetic resonance imaging – fMRI) opened new opportunities to study brain activity in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). Recent neuroimaging tools have brought new understandings on how the brain functions after coma, and how these tools can complement bedside assessment by improving diagnosis and prognosis of DOC patients. Indeed, we know now that most patients in VS/UWS present partial activation of sensory networks and impaired functional connectivity contrary to patients in MCS. The reemergence of thalamo-cortical connections has also been associated with recovery of consciousness; whereas, thalamic atrophy has been associated to chronic DOC. Recent findings have also stressed the interest of neuroimaging in the management and the treatment of these patients. fMRI has been used as brain computer interfaces to detect consciousness in unresponsive patients and to allow basic communication in minimally conscious patients. Neuroimaging techniques are also currently being used to examine the effects of potential therapy such as pharmacological medications (e.g., Amantadine or Zolpidem) and brain stimulations (e.g., transcranial direct current stimulation or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation).

Brain Injury: Applications from War and Terrorism

Brain Injury: Applications from War and Terrorism
A Book

by Alisa D. Gean

  • Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 1451192827
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Brain Injury: Applications from War and Terrorism is a single-authored book written by a world-class neuroradiologist with extensive experience in traumatic brain injury (TBI). It features six graphic-intense chapters depicting and expounding upon the complexity of TBI. Culled from nearly three decades of studying civilian TBI and five years of intensive study of TBI sustained from combat, terrorism, and natural disasters, this work is an exhaustive and innovative authority on the current approaches and applications of civilian and combat TBI. The text is sectored into six chapters based on pathophysiology, each augmented with numerous images and illustrations. The book gives special attention to neuroimaging, but is reinforced with relevant clinical correlation. This monograph is unique because it is first in class as an omnibus for the radiologist, neurologist, neurosurgeon, maxillofacial surgeon, emergency physician, pediatrician, ophthalmologist, and the rehabilitation team. Accompanied by detailed high resolution illustrations with meticulous annotation, Brain Injury: Applications from War and Terrorism contains over 500 curated radiological and clinical images that enhance the concepts detailed in each chapter. Complete with up-to-date references, it is a state of the art resource guide for any member of the team of professionals caring for those who have sustained a traumatic brain injury In the foreword, Bob Woodruff writes - "After the September 11 attacks, [Dr. Gean] realized the significant void in our understanding of brain Injury caused by war and terrorism (and) she was motivated to devote the last four years of her academic pursuits to understanding the similarities and differences between civilian TBI and TBI suffered in war, terrorism, and natural disasters... This extraordinary, magnificently illustrated and unique single-authored textbook, Brain Injury: Applications from War and Terrorism,is the culmination of Dr. Gean's dedication and experience. It's really not just a book - it is a telegraphed documentary of a lifelong conviction to recognizing and responding to TBI by an acknowledged global expert." Alisa Gean, MD Brief Biography Alisa D. Gean, MD is a Professor of Radiology, Neurology, and Neurosurgery at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Dr. Gean obtained both her BS and MD degrees at Stanford University. Following medical school, she did an Internship in Internal Medicine at San Francisco Children's Hospital, now called California Pacific Medical Center (CPMC). She then moved to Boston where she completed a 4-year Residency program in Diagnostic Radiology and a 2-year Fellowship in Neuroradiology, both at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School. Dr. Gean joined the faculty at UCSF in 1989 as the Chief of Neuroradiology at San Francisco General Hospital. Her primary professional interest is in the field of central nervous system trauma. She also has devoted special attention to the areas of stroke and HIV disease. The sheer volume of patients, the extremes of illness, and the unique circumstances of the vulnerable patient population presenting to San Francisco General Hospital have provided her with a wealth of experience and expertise in central nervous system injury and disease. Dr. Gean lectures nationally and internationally on the topic of traumatic brain injury (TBI), and she is a founding member of the Brain and Spine Injury Center ("BASIC") at UCSF. She has written extensively on the topic of TBI, and is the sole author of the internationally recognized textbook, "Imaging of Head Trauma". She has consulted with the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the Department of Defense, and the National Football League on the topic of head injury. A senior member of the American Society of Neuroradiology, Dr. Gean obtained her Certification of Added Qualifications (CAQ) in 1996 and was recertified in 2006. Dr. Gean serves as a National Medical Board Examiner for the American Board of Radiology for both the certification of trainees at the Board examination level as well as for post-fellowship certification at the CAQ level. Dr. Gean has previously held positions as a San Francisco mayoral delegate to the Philippines, Vietnam, and China, and she continues to volunteer as a neuroradiology consultant to the Asia/Pacific Rim. Dr. Gean has delivered over 200 national and international invited lectures, written 4 books, 24 book chapters, and over 100 peer-reviewed manuscripts and scientific abstracts. Dr. Gean's editorial activities have included JAMA, American Journal of Neuroradiology, Radiology, Journal of Trauma, Journal of Neurotrauma, Annals of Neurology, Journal of Neuro-AIDS, and the Journal of Computed Assisted Tomography. In 2008, Dr. Gean volunteered her clinical expertise at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Germany to study combat TBI suffered in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. Through this experience, she has devoted her recent academic pursuits to understanding the similarities and differences between civilian and battlefield brain injury. In recognition of that work, Dr. Gean has recently finished another single-authored textbook titled Brain Injury: Applications from War and Terrorism.

Fifty Years of Magnetoencephalography

Fifty Years of Magnetoencephalography
Beginnings, Technical Advances, and Applications

by Andrew C. Papanicolaou,Timothy P. L. Roberts,James W. Wheless,James Wheless

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN : 0190935685
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"In the fifty years since magnetoencephalography (MEG) was invented, various clinical and research applications of it have been attempted with considerable success. This is most notable in the area of epilepsy and pre-surgical functioning mapping. However, the best way to apply MEG and interpret the findings still remains conjectural. As such, this book assesses the new clinical and research applications of MEG, especially for markers of neuropsychiatric and other disorders. It also evaluates the new instruments and analytic procedures that have been recently developed. Ultimately, the book may serve as a standard of clinical practice and as a source of ideas for expanding the applications of MEG"--

Magnetoencephalography,An Issue of Neuroimaging Clinics of North America

Magnetoencephalography,An Issue of Neuroimaging Clinics of North America
A Book

by Roland Lee,Mingxiong Huang

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2020-06-21
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0323709419
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This issue of Neuroimaging Clinics of North America focuses on Magnetoencephalography (MEG), and is edited by Drs. Roland Lee and Mingxiong Huang. Articles will include: MEG signal processing, forward modeling, MEG inverse source imaging, and Coherence analysis; Magnetoencephalography for pre-surgical functional mapping; Magnetoencephalography for mild TBI and PTSD; Magnetoencephalography for autism; Magnetoencephalography for schizophrenia; Magnetoencephalography for Alzheimer's disease; Pediatric Magnetoencephalography; The MEG Measurement Techniques; MEG and Language/Linguistics; MEG for Epilepsy; Integration of MEG results into the patient workup – Merging multiple modalities; and more!

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders
A Book

by Vladimir Kalinin

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-08-01
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 9533075929
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the last 2-3 decades drastic research progress in anxiety issues has been achieved. It concerns mostly the study of different subtypes of anxiety and their treatment. Nevertheless, the data on anxiety pathogenesis is less elaborated, although here a multidimensional approach exists. It includes neurochemistry, pathophysiology, endocrinology and psychopharmacology. Again, we are able to recognize the multifarious sense of anxiety, and the present collective monograph composed of 16 separate chapters depicting the different aspects of anxiety. Moreover, a great part of book includes chapters on neurochemistry, physiology and pharmacology of anxiety. The novel data on psychopathology and clinical signs of anxiety and its relationship with other psychopathological phenomena is also presented. The current monograph may represent an interest and be of practical use not only for clinicians but for a broad range of specialists, including biochemists, physiologists, pharmacologists and specialists in veterinary.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Forensic Neuroscience

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Forensic Neuroscience
A Book

by Anthony R. Beech,Adam J. Carter,Ruth E. Mann,Pia Rotshtein

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-03-26
  • Pages : 1032
  • ISBN : 1118650921
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explores how the explosion of neuroscience-based evidence in recent years has led to a fundamental change in how forensic psychology can inform working with criminal populations. This book communicates knowledge and research findings in the neurobiological field to those who work with offenders and those who design policy for offender rehabilitation and criminal justice systems, so that practice and policy can be neurobiologically informed, and research can be enhanced. Starting with an introduction to the subject of neuroscience and forensic settings, The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Forensic Neuroscience then offers in-depth and enlightening coverage of the neurobiology of sex and sexual attraction, aggressive behavior, and emotion regulation; the neurobiological bases to risk factors for offending such as genetics, developmental, alcohol and drugs, and mental disorders; and the neurobiology of offending, including psychopathy, antisocial personality disorders, and violent and sexual offending. The book also covers rehabilitation techniques such as brain scanning, brain-based therapy for adolescents, and compassion-focused therapy. The book itself: Covers a wide array of neuroscience research Chapters by renowned neuroscientists and criminal justice experts Topics covered include the neurobiology of aggressive behavior, the neuroscience of deception, genetic contributions to psychopathy, and neuroimaging-guided treatment Offers conclusions for practitioners and future directions for the field. The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Forensic Neuroscience is a welcome book for all researchers, practitioners, and postgraduate students involved with forensic psychology, neuroscience, law, and criminology.

Current Research and Emerging Directions in Emotion-Cognition Interactions

Current Research and Emerging Directions in Emotion-Cognition Interactions

by Florin Dolcos,Lihong Wang,Mara Mather

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2015-03-02
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889194388
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emotion can impact various aspects of our cognition and behavior, by enhancing or impairing them (e.g., enhanced attention to and memory for emotional events, or increased distraction produced by goal-irrelevant emotional information). On the other hand, emotion processing is also susceptible to cognitive influences, typically exerted in the form of cognitive control of motion, or emotion regulation. Despite important recent progress in understanding emotion- cognition interactions, a number of aspects remain unclear. The present book comprises a collection of manuscripts discussing emerging evidence regarding the mechanisms underlying emotion- cognition interactions in healthy functioning and alterations associated with clinical conditions, in which such interactions are dysfunctional. Initiated with a more restricted focus, targeting (1) identification and in depth analysis of the circumstances in which emotion enhances or impairs cognition and (2)identification of the role of individual differences in these effects, our book has emerged into a comprehensive collection of outstanding contributions investigating emotion-cognition interactions, based on approaches spanning from behavioral and lesion to pharmacological and brain imaging, and including empirical, theoretical, and review papers alike. Co-hosted by the Frontiers in Neuroscience - Integrative Neuroscience and Frontiers in Psychology - Emotion Science, the contributions comprising our book and the associated research topic are grouped around the following seven main themes, distributed across the two hosting journals: I. Emotion and Selectivity in Attention and Memory; II. The Impact of Emotional Distraction; Linking Enhancing and Impairing Effects of Emotion; III. What Really is the Role of the Amygdala?; IV. Age Differences in Emotion Processing; The Role of Emotional Valence; V. Affective Face Processing, Social Cognition, and Personality Neuroscience; VI. Stress, Mood, Emotion, and the Prefrontal Cortex; The Role of Control in the Stress Response; VII. Emotion-Cognition Interactions in Clinical Conditions. As illustrated by the present collection of contributions, emotion-cognition interactions can be identified at different levels of processing, from perception and attention to long- term memory, decision making processes, and social cognition and behavior. Notably, these effects are subject to individual differences that may affect the way we perceive, experience, and remember emotional experiences, or cope with emotionally challenging situations. Moreover, these opposing effects tend to co-occur in affective disorders, such as depression and PTSD, where uncontrolled recollection of and rumination on distressing memories also lead to impaired cognition due to emotional distraction. Understanding the nature and neural mechanisms of these effects is critical, as their exacerbation and co-occurrence in clinical conditions lead to devastating effects and debilitation. Hence, bringing together such diverse contributions has allowed not only an integrative understanding of the current extant evidence but also identification of emerging directions and concrete venues for future investigations.

The Body Keeps the Score

The Body Keeps the Score
Mind, Brain and Body in the Transformation of Trauma

by Bessel van der Kolk

  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Release : 2014-09-25
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 0141978627
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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THE NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER 'An astonishing and important book. The trauma Bible. I cannot recommend it enough for anyone struggling with...well...anything' Tara Westover The effects of trauma can be devastating for sufferers, their families and future generations. Here one of the world's experts on traumatic stress offers a bold new paradigm for treatment, moving away from standard talking and drug therapies and towards an alternative approach that heals mind, brain and body. 'Dr. van der Kolk's masterpiece combines the boundless curiosity of the scientist, the erudition of the scholar, and the passion of the truth teller' Judith Herman, author of Trauma and Recovery

Magnetoencephalography

Magnetoencephalography
A Book

by Elizabeth Pang

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-11-30
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 9533072555
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a practical book on MEG that covers a wide range of topics. The book begins with a series of reviews on the use of MEG for clinical applications, the study of cognitive functions in various diseases, and one chapter focusing specifically on studies of memory with MEG. There are sections with chapters that describe source localization issues, the use of beamformers and dipole source methods, as well as phase-based analyses, and a step-by-step guide to using dipoles for epilepsy spike analyses. The book ends with a section describing new innovations in MEG systems, namely an on-line real-time MEG data acquisition system, novel applications for MEG research, and a proposal for a helium re-circulation system. With such breadth of topics, there will be a chapter that is of interest to every MEG researcher or clinician.