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Functional Tactile Sensors

Functional Tactile Sensors
Materials, Devices and Integrations

by Ye Zhou,Ho-Hsiu Chou

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-02-15
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 0128206330
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Functional Tactile Sensors: Materials, Devices and Integrations focuses on the subject of novel materials design and device integration of tactile sensors for functional applications. The book addresses the design, materials characteristics, device operation principles, specialized device application and mechanisms of the latest reported tactile sensors. The emphasis of the book lies in the materials science aspects of tactile sensors-understanding the relationship between material properties and device performance. It will be an ideal resource for researchers working in materials science, engineering and physics. Includes the latest advances and recent developments in tactile sensors for artificial intelligence applications Reviews the relationship between materials properties and device performance Addresses materials and device design strategies for targeted sensing applications

Functional Tactile Sensors

Functional Tactile Sensors
Materials, Devices and Integrations

by Ye Zhou,Ho-Hsiu Chou

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-02-01
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 0128209127
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Functional Tactile Sensors: Materials, Devices and Integrations focuses on the subject of novel materials design and device integration of tactile sensors for functional applications. The book addresses the design, materials characteristics, device operation principles, specialized device application and mechanisms of the latest reported tactile sensors. The emphasis of the book lies in the materials science aspects of tactile sensors—understanding the relationship between material properties and device performance. It will be an ideal resource for researchers working in materials science, engineering and physics. Includes the latest advances and recent developments in tactile sensors for artificial intelligence applications Reviews the relationship between materials properties and device performance Addresses materials and device design strategies for targeted sensing applications

Springer Handbook of Robotics

Springer Handbook of Robotics
A Book

by Bruno Siciliano,Oussama Khatib

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-05-20
  • Pages : 1611
  • ISBN : 354023957X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the science of robotics undergoing a major transformation just now, Springer’s new, authoritative handbook on the subject couldn’t have come at a better time. Having broken free from its origins in industry, robotics has been rapidly expanding into the challenging terrain of unstructured environments. Unlike other handbooks that focus on industrial applications, the Springer Handbook of Robotics incorporates these new developments. Just like all Springer Handbooks, it is utterly comprehensive, edited by internationally renowned experts, and replete with contributions from leading researchers from around the world. The handbook is an ideal resource for robotics experts but also for people new to this expanding field.

Tactile Sensing and Displays

Tactile Sensing and Displays
Haptic Feedback for Minimally Invasive Surgery and Robotics

by Javad Dargahi,Saeed Sokhanvar,Siamak Najarian,Siamak Arbatani

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-11-06
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1118357973
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensively covers the key technologies for the development of tactile perception in minimally invasive surgery Covering the timely topic of tactile sensing and display in minimally invasive and robotic surgery, this book comprehensively explores new techniques which could dramatically reduce the need for invasive procedures. The tools currently used in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) lack any sort of tactile sensing, significantly reducing the performance of these types of procedures. This book systematically explains the various technologies which the most prominent researchers have proposed to overcome the problem. Furthermore, the authors put forward their own findings, which have been published in recent patents and patent applications. These solutions offer original and creative means of surmounting the current drawbacks of MIS and robotic surgery. Key features:- Comprehensively covers topics of this ground-breaking technology including tactile sensing, force sensing, tactile display, PVDF fundamentals Describes the mechanisms, methods and sensors that measure and display kinaesthetic and tactile data between a surgical tool and tissue Written by authors at the cutting-edge of research into the area of tactile perception in minimally invasive surgery Provides key topic for academic researchers, graduate students as well as professionals working in the area

Sensors

Sensors
Focus on Tactile Force and Stress Sensors

by Jose Gerardo Rocha,Senentxu Lanceros-Mendez

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2008-12-01
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 9537619311
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes some devices that are commonly identified as tactile or force sensors. This is achieved with different degrees of detail, in a unique and actual resource, through the description of different approaches to this type of sensors. Understanding the design and the working principles of the sensors described here requires a multidisciplinary background of electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, physics, biology, etc. An attempt has been made to place side by side the most pertinent information in order to reach a more productive reading not only for professionals dedicated to the design of tactile sensors, but also for all other sensor users, as for example, in the field of robotics. The latest technologies presented in this book are more focused on information readout and processing: as new materials, micro and sub-micro sensors are available, wireless transmission and processing of the sensorial information, as well as some innovative methodologies for obtaining and interpreting tactile information are also strongly evolving.

Micromachined Multifunctional Polyvinylidene Fluoride Tactile Sensor for Minimally Invasive Surgery Graspers

Micromachined Multifunctional Polyvinylidene Fluoride Tactile Sensor for Minimally Invasive Surgery Graspers
A Book

by Saeed Sokhanvar

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Flexible Multi-Functional Touch Panel for Multi-Dimensional Sensing in Interactive Displays

A Flexible Multi-Functional Touch Panel for Multi-Dimensional Sensing in Interactive Displays
A Book

by Shuo Gao,Arokia Nathan

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-05-30
  • Pages : 75
  • ISBN : 1108735312
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Touch screen panels (TSPs) have become an integral part of modern-day lifestyle. To enhance user experience, attributes such as form-factor flexibility, multi-dimensional sensing, low power consumption and low cost have become highly desirable. This Element addresses the design of multi-functional TSPs with integrated concurrent capture of ubiquitous capacitive touch signals and force information. It compares and contrasts interactive technologies and presents design considerations for multi-dimensional touch screens with high detection sensitivity, accuracy and resolution.

Advanced Mechatronics and MEMS Devices II

Advanced Mechatronics and MEMS Devices II
A Book

by Dan Zhang,Bin Wei

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-10-18
  • Pages : 718
  • ISBN : 3319321803
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces the state-of-the-art technologies in mechatronics, robotics, and MEMS devices in order to improve their methodologies. It provides a follow-up to "Advanced Mechatronics and MEMS Devices" (2013) with an exploration of the most up-to-date technologies and their applications, shown through examples that give readers insights and lessons learned from actual projects. Researchers on mechatronics, robotics, and MEMS as well as graduate students in mechanical engineering will find chapters on: Fundamental design and working principles on MEMS accelerometers Innovative mobile technologies Force/tactile sensors development Control schemes for reconfigurable robotic systems Inertial microfluidics Piezoelectric force sensors and dynamic calibration techniques ...And more. Authors explore applications in the areas of agriculture, biomedicine, advanced manufacturing, and space. Micro-assembly for current and future industries is also considered, as well as the design and development of micro and intelligent manufacturing.

Robotic Tactile Sensing

Robotic Tactile Sensing
Technologies and System

by Ravinder S. Dahiya,Maurizio Valle

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-07-29
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 9400705794
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Future robots are expected to work closely and interact safely with real-world objects and humans alike. Sense of touch is important in this context, as it helps estimate properties such as shape, texture, hardness, material type and many more; provides action related information, such as slip detection; and helps carrying out actions such as rolling an object between fingers without dropping it. This book presents an in-depth description of the solutions available for gathering tactile data, obtaining aforementioned tactile information from the data and effectively using the same in various robotic tasks. The efforts during last four decades or so have yielded a wide spectrum of tactile sensing technologies and engineered solutions for both intrinsic and extrinsic touch sensors. Nowadays, new materials and structures are being explored for obtaining robotic skin with physical features like bendable, conformable, and stretchable. Such features are important for covering various body parts of robots or 3D surfaces. Nonetheless, there exist many more hardware, software and application related issues that must be considered to make tactile sensing an effective component of future robotic platforms. This book presents an in-depth analysis of various system related issues and presents the trade-offs one may face while developing an effective tactile sensing system. For this purpose, human touch sensing has also been explored. The design hints coming out of the investigations into human sense of touch can be useful in improving the effectiveness of tactile sensory modality in robotics and other machines. Better integration of tactile sensors on a robot’s body is prerequisite for the effective utilization of tactile data. The concept of semiconductor devices based sensors is an interesting one, as it allows compact and fast tactile sensing systems with capabilities such as human-like spatio-temporal resolution. This book presents a comprehensive description of semiconductor devices based tactile sensing. In particular, novel Piezo Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (POSFET) based approach for high resolution tactile sensing has been discussed in detail. Finally, the extension of semiconductors devices based sensors concept to large and flexile areas has been discussed for obtaining robotic or electronic skin. With its multidisciplinary scope, this book is suitable for graduate students and researchers coming from diverse areas such robotics (bio-robots, humanoids, rehabilitation etc.), applied materials, humans touch sensing, electronics, microsystems, and instrumentation. To better explain the concepts the text is supported by large number of figures.

Increasing Perceptual Skills of Robots Through Proximal Force/Torque Sensors

Increasing Perceptual Skills of Robots Through Proximal Force/Torque Sensors
A Study for the Implementation of Active Compliance on the iCub Humanoid Robot

by Matteo Fumagalli

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-08-31
  • Pages : 105
  • ISBN : 3319011227
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This thesis proposes an effective methodology for enhancing the perceptual capabilities and achieving interaction control of the iCub humanoid robot. The method is based on the integration of measurements from different sensors (force/torque, inertial and tactile sensors) distributed along the robot’s kinematic chain. Humanoid robots require a substantial amount of sensor information to create their own representations of the surrounding environment. Tactile perception is of primary importance for the exploration process. Also in humans, the tactile system is completely functional at birth. In humanoid robotics, the measurements of forces and torques that the robot exchanges with its surroundings are essential for safe interaction with the environment and with humans. The approach proposed in this thesis can successfully enhance the perceptual capabilities of robots by exploiting only a limited number of both localized and distributed sensors, providing a feasible and convenient solution for achieving active compliance control of humanoid robots.

Soft Tactile Sensors for Mechanical Imaging

Soft Tactile Sensors for Mechanical Imaging
A Book

by Bin Li

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tactile sensing aims to electronically capture physical attributes of an object via mechanical contact. It proves indispensable to many engineering tasks and systems, in areas ranging from manufacturing to medicine and autonomous robotics. Biological skin, which is highly compliant, is able to perform sensing under challenging and highly variable conditions with levels of performance that far exceed what is possible with conventional tactile sensors, which are normally fabricated with non-conforming materials. The development of stretchable, skin-like tactile sensors has, as a result, remained a longstanding goal of engineering. However, to date, artificial tactile sensors that might mimic both the mechanical and multimodal tactile sensory capabilities of biological skin remain far from realization, due to the challenges of fabricating spatially dense, mechanically robust, and compliant sensors in elastic media. Inspired by these demands, this dissertation addresses many aspects of the challenging problem of engineering skin-like electronic sensors. In the first part of the thesis, new methods for the design and fabrication of thin, highly deformable, high resolution tactile sensors are presented. The approach is based on a novel configuration of arrays of microfluidic channels embedded in thin elastomer membranes. To form electrodes, these channels are filled with a metal alloy, eutectic Gallium Indium, that remains liquid at room temperature. Using capacitance sensing techniques, this approach achieves sensing resolutions of 1 mm$^{-1}$. To fabricate these devices, an efficient and robust soft lithography method is introduced, based on a single step cast. An analytical model for the performance of these devices is derived from electrostatic theory and continuum mechanics, and is demonstrated to yield excellent agreement with measured performance. This part of the investigation identified fundamental limitations, in the form of nonmonotonic behavior at low strains, that is demonstrated to generically affect solid cast soft capacitive sensors. The next part of the thesis is an investigation of new methods for designing soft tactile sensors based on multi-layer heterogeneous 3D structures that combine active layers, containing embedded liquid metal electrodes, with passive and mechanically tunable layers, containing air cavities and micropillar geometric supports. In tandem with analytical and computational modeling, these methods are demonstrated to facilitate greater control over mechanical and electronic performance. A new soft lithography fabrication method is also presented, based on the casting, alignment, and fusion of multiple functional layers in a soft polymer substrate. Measurements indicate that the resulting devices achieve excellent performance specifications, and avoid the limiting nonmonotonic behavior identified in the first part of the thesis. In order to demonstrate the practical utility of the devices, we used them to perform dynamic two-dimensional tactile imaging under distributed indentation loads. The results reflect the excellent static and dynamic performance of these devices. The final part of the thesis investigates the utility of the tactile sensing methods pursued here for imaging lumps embedded in simulated tissue. In order to facilitate real-time sensing, an electronic system for fast, array based measurement of small, sub-picofarad (pF) capacitance levels was developed. Using this system, we demonstrated that it is possible to accurately capture strain images depicting small lumps embedded in simulated tissue with either an electronic imaging system or a sensor worn on the finger, supporting the viability of wearable sensors for tactile imaging in medicine. In conclusion, this dissertation confronts many of the most vexing problems arising in the pursuit of skin-like electronic sensors, including fundamental operating principles, structural and functional electronic design, mechanical and electronic modeling, fabrication, and applications to biomedical imaging. The thesis also contributes knowledge needed to enable applications of tactile sensing in medicine, an area that has served as a key source of motivation for this work, and aims to facilitate other applications in areas such as manufacturing, robotics, and consumer electronics.

IMTC Proceedings

IMTC Proceedings
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ceramic Sensors

Ceramic Sensors
Technology and Applications

by Toshko Nenov,Stefcho P. Yordanov

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-12-18
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 1000160025
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From the Author's Preface Ceramic sensors have been in use for more than thirty years. Since ceramics exhibit a number of specific characteristics that enable their cost to become lower and their reliability to increase, they have occupied a significant position in sensor technology. This is why many companies and universities have directed their efforts towards investigating and developing new ceramic sensors and expanding their areas of application. To the best of our knowledge.., there [has been] no book treating different sensors on the basis of their common physical and chemical properties, technological principles, and applications. This book [is] a detailed survey of ceramic sensors and a generalization of the results achieved in this field so far. Ceramic sensors for different physical quantities are discussed without going too deep into theory... The concept of ceramic sensors includes all sensors that are produced using ceramic technology. It also covers thick film sensors, since from a structural and technological point of view, they can be regarded as a variety of ceramic sensors. The subject of scientific research in this book is humidity, gas. temperature, and pressure sensors on the basis of semiconductor and dielectric ceramic materials and solid electrolytes. Special attention is paid to the physical and chemical, as well as the technological, bases of ceramic sensors, their classification, the types of materials used... , the methods of controlling their parameters and characteristics, the areas of application, and the electric circuits for connecting the sensors.

Tactile Sensors for Robotics and Medicine

Tactile Sensors for Robotics and Medicine
A Book

by John G. Webster

  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release : 1988-11-15
  • Pages : 365
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive review of the principles, design, and application of tactile sensors, incorporating new research results. Tactile sensors may be used in the augmentation or replacement of damaged human appendages, and they are used in robots, including applications in nuclear reactors, in underwater exploration, and in space. Contributors examine characteristics (and limitations) of sensor materials, the design of tactile sensors based on the physiology of the human hand, and numerous applications of this emerging technology.

Functional Thin Films and Nanostructures for Sensors

Functional Thin Films and Nanostructures for Sensors
Synthesis, Physics and Applications

by Anis Zribi,Jeffrey Fortin

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-04-05
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 9780387686097
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses advances in functional thin films for sensors and novel concepts for future breakthroughs. The focus is on guidelines and design rules for sensor systems, interaction between functional thin films and other sensor subsystems, fundamentals behind the intrinsic functionality in sensing thin films and nanostructures, state-of-the-art technologies used to develop sensors today and concrete examples of sensor designs.

Tactile Sensors for Robotic Applications

Tactile Sensors for Robotic Applications
A Book

by Salvatore Pirozzi

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-03-17
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 3036504249
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book covers different aspects: - Innovative technologies for tactile sensors development - Tactile data interpretation for control purposes - Alternative sensing technologies - Multi-sensor systems for grasping and manipulation - Sensing solutions for impaired people

Touch-Based Human-Machine Interaction

Touch-Based Human-Machine Interaction
Principles and Applications

by Shuo Gao,Shuo Yan,Hang Zhao,Arokia Nathan

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 3030689484
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook presents a comprehensive treatment of touch technologies, explaining current mainstream and new contact/non-contact based human-machine interactivity (HMI) techniques, which are ubiquitous in modern electronic devices and allow machines to exchange information with users in an efficient and reliable manner. The book provides a detailed study of HMI working principles and practical product examples. Haptic, which has become essential for users to gain immersive experience, is also discussed. The book concludes with an overview of novel applications enabled by emerging technologies, such as advanced materials, virtual reality and machine learning, providing a roadmap for possible development trends for touch interactivities. The book can be used as a graduate text for students in display and touch interface technology courses in electrical and computer engineering, and a professional reference for researchers, practicing engineers, and product designers working in broad areas of engineering. Helps students understand the working principles of current touch technologies; Offers design considerations for prototypes and products; Provides seamless connectivity between broad subject areas involved in HMI, including material science, microelectronic circuits, mechanical engineering, and digital signal processing.

Advanced Robotics & Intelligent Machines

Advanced Robotics & Intelligent Machines
A Book

by Institution of Electrical Engineers

  • Publisher : IET
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 9780852968536
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced robotics' describes the use of sensor-based robotic devices which exploit powerful computers to achieve the high levels of functionality that begin to mimic intelligent human behaviour. The object of this book is to summarise developments in the base technologies, survey recent applications and highlight new advanced concepts which will influence future progress. I. Technologies (Recent developments in advanced robotics and intelligent systems; Machine intelligence - architectures, controllers and applications; Advanced control systems for robotic arms; Intelligent gripping systems; Force feedback control in robots applied to decommissioning; Tele-presence control of robots; Sensing and sensor management for planning); II Applications (Robotics in the nuclear industry; Robots in surgery; Intelligent autonomous systems for cars; Walking machine technology; Handling of flexible materials in automation; Robotics in food manufacturing; Robotic milking; Error-free semiconductor wafer handling); III Advanced concepts and procedures (The concept of robot society and its utilisation; Miniature and microrobotics; Characteristics of robot behavior; A behaviour synthesis architecture for co-operant mobile robots; Co-operant behaviour in multiple manipulators; Neural networks in automation procedures; Parallel processing, neural networks and genetic algorithms for real-time robot control); Index.

Practical Pelvic Floor Ultrasonography

Practical Pelvic Floor Ultrasonography
A Multicompartmental Approach to 2D/3D/4D Ultrasonography of the Pelvic Floor

by S. Abbas Shobeiri

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-04-26
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 3319529293
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new edition provides the most up to date, state-of-the art review of current literature which provides an introduction to pelvic floor imaging, as well as a resource to be used during initial and more advanced practice. The book features new chapters on Vaginal mesh imaging, ultrasound of implanted material, pelvic floor trauma, and ultrasound in pelvic floor therapy. The reader will gain competence in performing transperineal, endovaginal and endoanal 3D/4D ultrasound evaluation of the pelvic floor including anal sphincter and levator ani complex. The text provides a basic understanding of how to perform a transperineal, an endovaginal and endoanal pelvic floor ultrasound and use the desktop 3D/4D softwares to obtain basic measurements. Concise textual information from acknowledged experts is complemented by high-quality diagrams and images to provide a thorough update of this rapidly evolving field. Introductory chapters fully elucidate the anatomical basis underlying disorders of the pelvic floor, followed by 1) 3D/4D transperineal imaging, 2) 3D endovaginal imaging of the urethra and the bladder, Levator ani muscles, the anorectal area, and 3) 3D endoanal imaging. Measurement protocols and case reviews are demonstrated at the conclusion. Written entirely by experts in their fields, the second edition of Practical Pelvic Floor Ultrasonography: A Multicompartmental Approach to 2D/3D/4D Ultrasonography of the Pelvic Floor is a comprehensive resource that will be of great value to urogynecologists, colorectal surgeons, obstetrician and gynecologists, female urologists, ultrasonographers, radiologists, physiotherapists, as well as fellows in urogynecology and colorectal surgery. /div

Functional Morphology and Diversity

Functional Morphology and Diversity
A Book

by Les Watling,Martin Thiel

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2013-01-16
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 0195398033
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explores the functional morphology of crustaceans, which cover the main body parts and systems.