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Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science
A Book

by Kathleen C. Weathers,David L. Strayer,Gene E. Likens

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-07-30
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 0128127635
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science, Second Edition provides a comprehensive introduction to modern ecosystem science covering land, freshwater and marine ecosystems. Ecosystem science is now applied to address a wide range of environmental problems. Written by a group of experts, this updated edition covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry, and energetics. Case studies of important environmental problems offer personal insights into how adopting an ecosystem approach has helped solve important intellectual and practical problems. For those choosing to use the book in a classroom environment, or who want to enrich further their reading experience, teaching and learning assets are available at Elsevier.com. Covers both aquatic (freshwater and marine) and terrestrial ecosystems with updated information Includes a new chapter on microbial biogeochemistry Features vignettes throughout the book with real examples of how an ecosystem approach has led to important change in policy, management, and ecological understanding Demonstrates the application of an ecosystem approach in synthesis chapters and case studies Contains new coverage of human-environment interactions

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science
A Book

by Kathleen C. Weathers,David L. Strayer,Gene E. Likens

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-08-13
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 0128127627
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science, Second Edition, provides a solid introduction to modern ecosystem science, covering land, freshwater and marine environments. Ecosystem science is now applied to address a wide range of environmental problems. Written by respected experts, this updated edition covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry and energetics. Case studies written by leading figures in the field offer insight into how adopting an ecosystem approach has helped solve important intellectual and practical problems. Offers one of the few books on ecosystems to cover both the aquatic and terrestrial realms Features vignettes throughout the book to give real examples of how an ecosystem approach has and continues to create real change Includes synthesis chapters and case studies to take new information and demonstrate applications Features new coverage on human-environment interactions and biological interactions within the environment

Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecology

Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecology
A Book

by R. S. K. Barnes,K. H. Mann

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-07-21
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 1444314106
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecology is a completely updated and revised edition of the earlier work, Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecosystems. The new edition has been re-titled to reflect the fact that the authors found that, from the modification exercise, a completely different and new book emerged. The new edition concentrates heavily of the fundamental features common to all aquatic systems, both marine and freshwater. This unique synthesis allows for the discussion of ecological processes comparatively, across environments. A general introduction is followed by discussion of various 'types' of aquatic ecosystems - open waters, coastal zones, benthos, and the aquatic ecosystem as a whole. This is followed by an important new chapter on aquatic ecosystems and global ecology. Later chapters consider the individuals and communities in aquatic ecosystems. A totally re-written and rejuvenated edition of an established student text. Synthesizes both marine and freshwater ecology. Covers both ecosystem ecology and population biology. In depth consideration of man's impact on the aquatic environment.

Big Ecology

Big Ecology
The Emergence of Ecosystem Science

by David C. Coleman

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 2010-05-14
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 0520945735
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Big Ecology, David C. Coleman documents his historically fruitful ecological collaborations in the early years of studying large ecosystems in the United States. As Coleman explains, the concept of the ecosystem—a local biological community and its interactions with its environment—has given rise to many institutions and research programs, like the National Science Foundation’s program for Long Term Ecological Research. Coleman’s insider account of this important and fascinating trend toward big science takes us from the paradigm of collaborative interdisciplinary research, starting with the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957, through the International Biological Program (IBP) of the late 1960s and early 1970s, to the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) programs of the 1980s.

Soil and Plant Analysis for Forest Ecosystem Characterization

Soil and Plant Analysis for Forest Ecosystem Characterization
A Book

by Daniel John Vogt,Joel P. Tilley,Robert L. Edmonds

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2015-03-30
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 3110290472
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook provides an overview of physical, chemical and biological methods used to analyze soils and plant tissue using an ecosystem perspective. The current emphasis on climate change has recognized the importance of including soil carbon as part of our carbon budgets. Methods to assess soils must be ecosystem based if they are to have utility for policy makers and managers wanting to change soil carbon and nutrient pools. Most of the texts on soil analyis treat agriculture and not forest soils and these methods do not transfer readily to forests because of their different chemistry and physical properties. This manual presents methods for soil and plant analysis with the ecosystem level approach that will reduce the risk that poor management decisions will be made in forests. This manual was intended for the instructors that teach students soil and plant analyses; however it can also be used by the research laboratories and by environmental scientists.The laboratory procedures in this manual are outlined in easy-to-follow steps and frequently accompanied with examples of calculations, questions to answer, and also a blank data sheet to use. These methods used in this manual can be used on soil and plant tissues found in agricultural, horticulture, forestry, urban, and natural lands.

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling
A Book

by Sven Erik Jørgensen,G. Bendoricchio

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2001-01
  • Pages : 530
  • ISBN : 0080440150
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a thoroughly revised and updated edition of an authoritative introduction to ecological modelling. Sven Erik Jørgensen, Editor-in-Chief of the journal Ecological Modelling, and Giuseppe Bendoricchio, Professor of Environmental Modelling at the University of Padova, Italy, offer compelling insights into the subject. This volume explains the concepts and processes involved in ecological modelling, presents the latest developments in the field and provides readers with the tools to construct their own models. The Third Edition features: • A detailed discussion and step-by-step outline of the modelling procedure. • An account of different model types including overview tables, examples and illustrations. • A comprehensive presentation of the submodels and unit processes used in modelling. • In-depth descriptions of the latest modelling techniques. • Structured exercises at the end of each chapter. • Three mathematical appendices and a subject index. This practical and proven book very effectively combines the theory, methodology and applications of ecological modelling. The new edition is an essential, up-to-date guide to a rapidly growing field.

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology
A Book

by David C. Coleman,D. A. Crossley, Jr.

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2004-08-11
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 0080472818
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This fully revised and expanded edition of Fundamentals of Soil Ecology continues its holistic approach to soil biology and ecosystem function. Students and ecosystem researchers will gain a greater understanding of the central roles that soils play in ecosystem development and function. The authors emphasize the increasing importance of soils as the organizing center for all terrestrial ecosystems and provide an overview of theory and practice of soil ecology, both from an ecosystem and evolutionary biology point of view. This volume contains updated and greatly expanded coverage of all belowground biota (roots, microbes and fauna) and methods to identify and determine its distribution and abundance. New chapters are provided on soil biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem processes, suggested laboratory and field methods to measure biota and their activities in ecosystems.. Contains over 60% new material and 150 more pages Includes new chapters on soil biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem function Outlines suggested laboratory and field methods Incorporates new pedagogical features Combines theoretical and practical approaches

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology
A Book

by David C. Coleman,Mac A. Callaham,D. A. Crossley, Jr.

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-10-20
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 012805252X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Soil Ecology, 3rd Edition, offers a holistic approach to soil biology and ecosystem function, providing students and ecosystem researchers with a greater understanding of the central roles that soils play in ecosystem development and function. The text emphasizes the increasing importance of soils as the organizing center for all terrestrial ecosystems and provides an overview of theory and practice in soil ecology, both from an ecosystem and evolutionary biology point of view. This new edition is fully updated, including an expanded treatment of microbial ecology and new sections on advances in molecular techniques and climate change research. These updates make this edition an essential resource for researchers and students in soil ecology and microbiology. Includes extensive tables and diagrams in full color to enhance concepts Combines theoretical and practical approaches to understanding and applying soil ecology Outlines suggested laboratory and field methods

Sustainable Biofuels

Sustainable Biofuels
An Ecological Assessment of the Future Energy

by Ajay Kumar Bhardwaj,Terenzio Zenone,Jiquan Chen

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2015-04-24
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 3110275899
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With oil resources approaching their limits, biofuels have become increasingly attractive. This book provides a detailed description of the ecological implications of second and third generation biofuel feedstock production systems, beginning with an introduction to the importance of ecological sustainability alongside economic viability. The book is divided into sections describing theoretical foundation and benefits of various biofuel cropping systems, and providing a description of practical ecological limitations to achieve those fundamental benefits. The book covers such critical issues as greenhouse gas emissions, carbon balance, water cycle components, other biogeochemical and socioeconomic interactions alongside life cycle analysis principals for achieving sustainability. These are some of the most important sustainability, environmental and economic issues which biofuel industry and scientific community is seeking answers to.

Understanding Urban Ecosystems

Understanding Urban Ecosystems
A New Frontier for Science and Education

by Alan R. Berkowitz,Charles H. Nilon,Karen S. Hollweg

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-05-29
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN : 038722615X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nowhere on Earth is the challenge for ecological understanding greater, and yet more urgent, than in those parts of the globe where human activity is most intense - cities. People need to understand how cities work as ecological systems so they can take control of the vital links between human actions and environmental quality, and work for an ecologically and economically sustainable future. An ecosystem approach integrates biological, physical and social factors and embraces historical and geographical dimensions, providing our best hope for coping with the complexity of cities. This book is a first of its kind effort to bring together leaders in the biological, physical and social dimensions of urban ecosystem research with leading education researchers, administrators and practitioners, to show how an understanding of urban ecosystems is vital for urban dwellers to grasp the fundamentals of ecological and environmental science, and to understand their own environment.

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling
Applications in Environmental Management and Research

by Sven Erik Jørgensen,Brian D. Fath

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 399
  • ISBN : 9780444535672
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling: Applications in Environmental Management and Research, Fourth Edition, provides a comprehensive discussion of the fundamental principles of ecological modeling. The first two editions of this book (published in 1986 and 1994) focused on the roots of the discipline the four main model types that dominated the field 30-40 years ago: (1) dynamic biogeochemical models; (2) population dynamic models; (3) ecotoxicological models; and (4) steady-state biogeochemical and energy models. The third edition focused on the mathematical formulations of ecological processes that are included in ecological models. This fourth edition uses the four model types previously listed as the foundation and expands the latest model developments in spatial models, structural dynamic models, and individual-based models. As these seven types of models are very different and require different considerations in the model development phase, a separate chapter is devoted to the development of each of the model types. Throughout the text, the examples given from the literature emphasize the application of models for environmental management and research. Presents the most commonly used model types with a step-by-step outline of the modeling procedure used for each Shows readers through an illustrated example of how to use each model in research and management settings New edition is revised to include only essential theory with a focus on applications Includes case studies, illustrations, and exercises (case study of an ecological problem with full illustration on how to solve the problem)

Fundamentals of Ecology

Fundamentals of Ecology
A Book

by Eugene Pleasants Odum,Gary W. Barrett

  • Publisher : Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 598
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Master the study of ecology in the twenty-first century with FUNDAMENTALS OF ECOLOGY! Designed to educate a wide audience about ecological science, this biology text shows you the application of ecological principles in the real world and how to use what you learn to solve problems in fields such as resource management, conservation biology, ecological toxicology, ecosystem health, landscape ecology, and restoration ecology. Introductory statements, diagrams, models, photographs, and a book-specific website are just a few of the tools found throughout the text that will help you succeed.

Dryland East Asia: Land Dynamics amid Social and Climate Change

Dryland East Asia: Land Dynamics amid Social and Climate Change
A Book

by Jiquan Chen,Shiqiang Wan,Geoffrey Henebry,Jiaguo Qi,Garik Gutman,Ge Sun,Martin Kappas

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release : 2013-10-29
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 3110287919
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Drylands in East Asia (DEA)are home to more than one billion people with an environment vulnerable to natural and anthropogenic changes. One of the critical needs in the region is to fully understand how dryland ecosystems respond to the changing climate and human activities in order to develop strategies to cope with continued climate change. This book provides state-of-the-art knowledge and information on drylands ecosystem dynamics, changing climate, society, and land use in the region. In addition to the synthesis of the existing research and knowledge of DEA, the book provides a role model for regional ecological assessment. With a wide spectrum of contributions from experts around the globe, the book should be of interest to researchers and students both internationally and in East Asia. Lessons learned from this synthesis effort in DEA should be useful for developing climate adaptation strategies for other similar regions around the globe.

Ecological Model Types

Ecological Model Types
A Book

by Sven Erik Jorgensen

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-11-01
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 9780444636232
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ecological Model Types brings an understanding on how to quantitatively analyze complex and dynamic ecosystems with the tools available today. Ecosystem studies widely use the notions of order, complexity, randomness, and organization, and are used interchangeably in literature, which causes much confusion. Better models synthesize our knowledge on ecosystems and their environmental problems, in contrast to statistical analysis, which only reveal the relationships between the data. This book brings together experts on ecological models to create a definitive work on how to understand our complex Earth. Bridges the gap between statistical analysis and synthesis of data, enhancing our understanding about ecosystems and their environmental problems Helps readers understand complex ecosystems by walking through the best modeling options to analyze and predict environmental effects Provides a detailed review of 14 model types, covering the breadth of options available for analysis at this time

Invitation To Generalized Empirical Method: In Philosophy And Science

Invitation To Generalized Empirical Method: In Philosophy And Science
A Book

by Quinn Terrance J

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2016-12-28
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 9813208457
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bernard Lonergan identified the need and possibility of what he called "generalized empirical method" in science and philosophy. Implementation will be a future community achievement. The book enters into details of a selection of examples in the sciences and philosophy of science. These are provided not to engage in, or blend the present aim with traditional philosophical debate, but as points of entry to help reveal the possibility and need of balanced empirical method. Taking words of Lonergan: "(Q)uestions of method are practical. So my purpose in these (chapters) is not to demonstrate what is necessary. It is not to forecast what is probable. It is ... to invite you to share in the exploration of a proposal" (Bernard Lonergan, A Third Collection (1985), 114). The main examples are drawn from biochemistry and biology, although heuristics envisioned will include all sciences.

Ecological Economics for the Anthropocene

Ecological Economics for the Anthropocene
An Emerging Paradigm

by Peter G. Brown,Peter Timmerman

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2015-09-01
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0231540426
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ecological Economics for the Anthropocene provides an urgently needed alternative to the long-dominant neoclassical economic paradigm of the free market, which has focused myopically—even fatally—on the boundless production and consumption of goods and services without heed to environmental consequences. The emerging paradigm for ecological economics championed in this new book recenters the field of economics on the fact of the Earth's limitations, requiring a total reconfiguration of the goals of the economy, how we understand the fundamentals of human prosperity, and, ultimately, how we assess humanity's place in the community of beings. Each essay in this volume contributes to an emerging, revolutionary agenda based on the tenets of ecological economics and advances new conceptions of justice, liberty, and the meaning of an ethical life in the era of the Anthropocene. Essays highlight the need to create alternative signals to balance one-dimensional market-price measurements in judging the relationships between the economy and the Earth's life-support systems. In a lively exchange, the authors question whether such ideas as "ecosystem health" and the environmental data that support them are robust enough to inform policy. Essays explain what a taking-it-slow or no-growth approach to economics looks like and explore how to generate the cultural and political will to implement this agenda. This collection represents one of the most sophisticated and realistic strategies for neutralizing the threat of our current economic order, envisioning an Earth-embedded society committed to the commonwealth of life and the security and true prosperity of human society.

The Wetlands Handbook, 2 Volume Set

The Wetlands Handbook, 2 Volume Set
A Book

by Edward Maltby,Tom Barker

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-07-23
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN : 9781444315820
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Forty-two chapters by international experts from a wide range ofdisciplines make The Wetlands Handbook the essential toolfor those seeking comprehensive understanding of the subject. Adeparture from more traditional treatises, this text examinesfreshwater wetland ecosystem science from the fundamentals toissues of management and policy. Introductory chapters address the scope and significance ofwetlands globally for communities, culture and biodiversity.Subsequent sections deal with processes underpinning wetlandfunctioning, how wetlands work, their uses and values for humansand nature, their sensitivity to external impacts, and how they maybe restored. The text is illustrated by numerous examples,emphasising functional and holistic approaches to wetlandmanagement, including case studies on the wise use andrehabilitation of wetlands in farmed, urban, industrial and otherdamaged environments, highlighting the long-term benefits ofmultiple use. The Wetlands Handbook will provide aninvaluable reference for researchers, managers, policy-makers andstudents of wetland sciences.

Ecosystem Ecology

Ecosystem Ecology
A Book

by Sven Erik Jørgensen

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 521
  • ISBN : 9780444534668
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"A derivative of Encyclopedia of ecology"--Cover.

Ecological Engineering and Ecosystem Restoration

Ecological Engineering and Ecosystem Restoration
A Book

by William J. Mitsch,Sven Erik Jørgensen

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2003-09-18
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 9780471332640
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Completely updated to keep pace with current technology. * Provides a firm grounding the fundamentals, theory, and latest techniques. * Includes completely updated case studies.

Effective Ecological Monitoring

Effective Ecological Monitoring
A Book

by David B Lindenmayer,Gene E Likens

  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Release : 2010-03-12
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 0643101888
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Long-term monitoring programs are fundamental to understanding the natural environment and effectively tackling major environmental problems. Yet they are often done very poorly and ineffectively. Effective Ecological Monitoring describes what makes successful and unsuccessful long-term monitoring programs. Short and to the point, it illustrates key aspects with case studies and examples. It is based on the collective experience of running long-term research and monitoring programs of the two authors – experience which spans more than 70 years. The book first outlines why long-term monitoring is important, then discusses why long-term monitoring programs often fail. The authors then highlight what makes good and effective monitoring. These good and bad aspects of long-term monitoring programs are further illustrated in the fourth chapter of the book. The final chapter sums up the future of long-term monitoring programs and how to make them better, more effective and better targeted.