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Fundamentals of Femtosecond Optics

Fundamentals of Femtosecond Optics
A Book

by S A Kozlov,V V Samartsev

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-05-22
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1782421297
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Femtosecond optics involves the study of ultra-short pulses of light. Understanding the behaviour of these light pulses makes it possible to develop ultra-fast lasers with a wide range of applications in such areas as medical imaging, chemical analysis and micro-machining. Written by two leading experts in the field, this book reviews the theory of the interaction of femtosecond light pulses with matter, femtosecond lasers and laser systems, and the principles of femtosecond coherent spectroscopy of impurity amorphous media. reviews the theory of the interaction of femtosecond light pulses with matter Discusses femtosecond lasers and laser systems Considers the principles of femtosecond coherent spectroscopy of impurity amorphous media

Fundamentals of Femtosecond Optics

Fundamentals of Femtosecond Optics
A Book

by Sergeĭ Arkadʹevich Kozlov,Vitaliĭ Vladimirovich Samart͡sev

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 253
  • ISBN : 9781782421283
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Femtosecond optics involves the study of ultra-short pulses of light. Understanding the behaviour of these light pulses makes it possible to develop ultra-fast lasers with a wide range of applications in such areas as medical imaging, chemical analysis and micro-machining. Written by two leading experts in the field, this book reviews the theory of the interaction of femtosecond light pulses with matter, femtosecond lasers and laser systems, and the principles of femtosecond coherent spectroscopy of impurity amorphous media. reviews the theory of the interaction of femtosecond light pulses with matter Discusses femtosecond lasers and laser systems Considers the principles of femtosecond coherent spectroscopy of impurity amorphous media

Femtosecond Laser Pulses

Femtosecond Laser Pulses
Principles and Experiments

by Claude Rullière

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-11
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN : 3662036827
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An introduction to the fundamentals of lasers and pulsed optics, teaching readers the physics behind short and ultrashort laser pulses, and how to manipulate and measure them. Additionally, the text presents experiments and discusses the spectroscopic implications. This well-rounded book provides an up-to-date insight into one of the most exciting fields of laser physics.

Fundamentals of Attosecond Optics

Fundamentals of Attosecond Optics
A Book

by Zenghu Chang

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 547
  • ISBN : 1420089382
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Attosecond optical pulse generation, along with the related process of high-order harmonic generation, is redefining ultrafast physics and chemistry. A practical understanding of attosecond optics requires significant background information and foundational theory to make full use of these cutting-edge lasers and advance the technology toward the n

The Supercontinuum Laser Source

The Supercontinuum Laser Source
Fundamentals with Updated References

by Robert R. Alfano

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-02-23
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 0387250972
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new edition of a classic in the field has been expanded and enriched with new content and updated references. The book covers the fundamental principles and surveys research of current thinkers and experts in the field with updated references of the key breakthroughs over the past decade and a half.

Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics

Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics
A Book

by Joseph W. Haus

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-01-09
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 1782424873
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics includes a comprehensive discussion of the field of nanophotonics, including key enabling technologies that have the potential to drive economic growth and impact numerous application domains such as ICT, the environment, healthcare, military, transport, manufacturing, and energy. This book gives readers the theoretical underpinnings needed to understand the latest advances in the field. After an introduction to the area, chapters two and three cover the essential topics of electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, and computation as they relate to nanophotonics. Subsequent chapters explore materials for nanophotonics, including nanoparticles, photonic crystals, nanosilicon, nanocarbon, III-V, and II-VI semiconductors. In addition, fabrication and characterization techniques are addressed, along with the importance of plasmonics, and the applications of nanophotonics in devices such as lasers, LEDs, and photodetectors. Covers electrodynamics, quantum mechanics and computation as these relate to nanophotonics Reviews materials, fabrication and characterization techniques for nanophotonics Describes applications of the technology such as lasers, LEDs and photodetectors

Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena

Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena
Fundamentals, Techniques, and Applications on a Femtosecond Time Scale

by Jean-Claude Diels,Wolfgang Rudolph

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 581
  • ISBN : 9780122154928
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the first coherent, tutorial graduate level text/reference books on ultrashort laser phenomena, this book presents an introduction to the phenomena and explains how it can be used to help examine problems in areas such as electromagnetism, optics, and quantum mechanics. Written for students as well as experimental researchers in physics, engineering, biology, or chemistry, the text provides the necessary background and tools to design experiments involving ultrashort pulses. All aspects of design are covered: from the construction of the source, to the amplifier, to the diagnostic method, and finally, to the design of the experiment in any field. The text reviews the basic properties of light propagation through matter and provides a study of simple optical components with emphasis on the important phenomena that occur with pulses of duration less than 10-12s (or less than 0.3 mm in length). The reader is also provided with the fundamental concepts (as well as numerical data through numerous tables), necessary to design optical systems capable of manipulating such pulses. Beyond the simple optical system, the various types of sources of ultrashort pulses are presented, again with emphasis on the basic concepts and how they apply to the design of particular sources (dye lasers, solid state lasers, semiconductor lasers, fiber lasers, and sources based on frequency conversion). This book is addressed as much to the physicist as to the engineer, chemist, biologist, student, or experienced researcher interested in the application of ultrashort light pulses to the study of ultrafast event in this field. Key Features * Provides an easy to follow guide through "faster than electronics" probing and detection methods * Describes the intriguing aspects of optics when applied to ultrashort pulses * Offers a systematic and comprehensive lecture through all the uncommon and unexpected aspects of short pulse propagation through linear and nonlinear media * Serves as a manual on designing and constructing femtosecond systems or experiments "from scratch" * Presents a course that combined experimental techniques and theoretical backgrounds, by authors who have two decades of experience in both theoretical and experimental aspects of ultrafast phenomena * Bridges the gap between an authored work and a textbook

Fundamentals of Nonlinear Optics

Fundamentals of Nonlinear Optics
A Book

by Peter E. Powers,Joseph W. Haus

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-04-27
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1498736866
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Praise for the 1st Edition: "well written and up to date.... The problem sets at the end of each chapter reinforce and enhance the material presented, and may give students confidence in handling real-world problems." ―Optics & Photonics News "rigorous but simple description of a difficult field keeps the reader’s attention throughout.... serves perfectly for an introductory-level course." ―Physics Today This fully revised introduction enables the reader to understand and use the basic principles related to many phenomena in nonlinear optics and provides the mathematical tools necessary to solve application-relevant problems. The book is a pedagogical guide aimed at a diverse audience including engineers, physicists, and chemists who want a tiered approach to understanding nonlinear optics. The material is augmented by numerous problems, with many requiring the reader to perform real-world calculations for a range of fields, from optical communications to remote sensing and quantum information. Analytical solutions of equations are covered in detail and numerical approaches to solving problems are explained and demonstrated. The second edition expands the earlier treatment and includes: A new chapter on quantum nonlinear optics. Thorough treatment of parametric optical processes covering birefringence, tolerances and beam optimization to design and build high conversion efficiency devices. Treatment of numerical methods to solving sets of complex nonlinear equations. Many problems in each chapter to challenge reader comprehension. Extended treatment of four-wave mixing and solitons. Coverage of ultrafast pulse propagation including walk-off effects.

Subsea Optics and Imaging

Subsea Optics and Imaging
A Book

by John Watson,Oliver Zielinski

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-31
  • Pages : 596
  • ISBN : 0857093525
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of optical methodology, instrumentation and photonics devices for imaging, vision and optical sensing is of increasing importance in understanding our marine environment. Subsea optics can make an important contribution to the protection and sustainable management of ocean resources and contribute to monitoring the response of marine systems to climate change. This important book provides an authoritative review of key principles, technologies and their applications. The book is divided into three parts. The first part provides a general introduction to the key concepts in subsea optics and imaging, imaging technologies and the development of ocean optics and colour analysis. Part two reviews the use of subsea optics in environmental analysis. An introduction to the concepts of underwater light fields is followed by an overview of coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) and an assessment of nutrients in the water column. This section concludes with discussions of the properties of subsea bioluminescence, harmful algal blooms and their impact and finally an outline of optical techniques for studying suspended sediments, turbulence and mixing in the marine environment. Part three reviews subsea optical systems technologies. A general overview of imaging and visualisation using conventional photography and video leads onto advanced techniques like digital holography, laser line-scanning and range-gated imaging as well as their use in controlled observation platforms or global observation networks. This section also outlines techniques like Raman spectroscopy, hyperspectral sensing and imaging, laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) and particle image velocimetry (PIV), optical fibre sensing and LIDAR systems. Finally, a chapter on fluorescence methodologies brings the volume to a close. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Subsea optics and imaging is a standard reference for those researching, developing and using subsea optical technologies as well as environmental scientists and agencies concerned with monitoring the marine environment. Provides an authoritative review of key principles, technologies and their applications Outlines the key concepts in subsea optics and imaging, imaging technologies and the development of ocean optics and colour analysis Reviews the properties of subsea bioluminescence, harmful algal blooms and their impact

Polymer Optical Fibres

Polymer Optical Fibres
Fibre Types, Materials, Fabrication, Characterisation and Applications

by Christian-Alexander Bunge,Markus Beckers,Thomas Gries

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-08-25
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 0081000561
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer Optical Fibres: Fibre Types, Materials, Fabrication, Characterization, and Applications explores polymer optical fibers, specifically their materials, fabrication, characterization, measurement techniques, and applications. Optical effects, including light propagation, degrading effects of attenuation, scattering, and dispersion, are explained. Other important parameters like mechanical strength, operating temperatures, and processability are also described. Polymer optical fibers (POF) have a number of advantages over glass fibers, such as low cost, flexibility, low weight, electromagnetic immunity, good bandwidth, simple installation, and mechanical stability. Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of materials, fabrication, properties, measurement techniques, and applications of POF Focuses on industry needs in communication, illumination and sensors, the automotive industry, and medical and biotechnology Features input from leading experts in POF technology, with experience spanning optoelectronics, polymer, and textiles Explains optical effects, including light propagation, degrading effects of attenuation, scattering, and dispersion

Optofluidics, Sensors and Actuators in Microstructured Optical Fibers

Optofluidics, Sensors and Actuators in Microstructured Optical Fibers
A Book

by Stavros Pissadakis,Stefano Selleri

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-05-19
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 1782423478
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Combining the positive characteristics of microfluidics and optics, microstructured optical fibres (MOFs) have revolutionized the field of optoelectronics. Tailored guiding, diffractive structures and photonic band-gap effects are used to produce fibres with highly specialised, complex structures, facilitating the development of novel kinds of optical fibre sensors and actuators. Part One outlines the key materials and fabrication techniques used for microstructured optical fibres. Microfluidics and heat flows, MOF-based metamaterials, novel and liquid crystal infiltrated photonic crystal fibre (PCF) designs, MOFs filled with carbon nanotubes and melting of functional inorganic glasses inside PCFs are all reviewed. Part Two then goes on to investigate sensing and optofluidic applications, with the use of MOFs in structural sensing, sensing units and mechanical sensing explored in detail. PCF’s for switching applications are then discussed before the book concludes by reviewing MOFs for specific nucleic acid detection and resonant bio- and chemical sensing. Provides users with the necessary knowledge to successfully design and implement microstructured optical fibres for a broad range of uses Outlines techniques for developing both traditional and novel types of optical fibre Highlights the adaptability of microstructured optical fibres achieved via the use of optofluidics, sensors and actuators, by presenting a diverse selection of applications

Metallic Films for Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Applications

Metallic Films for Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Applications
Structure, Processing and Properties

by Katayun Barmak,Kevin Coffey

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2014-02-13
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN : 085709629X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metallic films play an important role in modern technologies such as integrated circuits, information storage, displays, sensors, and coatings. Metallic Films for Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Applications reviews the structure, processing and properties of metallic films. Part one explores the structure of metallic films using characterization methods such as x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. This part also encompasses the processing of metallic films, including structure formation during deposition and post-deposition reactions and phase transformations. Chapters in part two focus on the properties of metallic films, including mechanical, electrical, magnetic, optical, and thermal properties. Metallic Films for Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Applications is a technical resource for electronics components manufacturers, scientists, and engineers working in the semiconductor industry, product developers of sensors, displays, and other optoelectronic devices, and academics working in the field. Explores the structure of metallic films using characterization methods such as x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy Discusses processing of metallic films, including structure formation during deposition and post-deposition reactions and phase transformations Focuses on the properties of metallic films, including mechanical, electrical, magnetic, optical, and thermal properties

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and (Opto)Electronic Devices

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and (Opto)Electronic Devices
Properties and Applications

by Oksana Ostroverkhova

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-08-31
  • Pages : 832
  • ISBN : 0857098764
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Small molecules and conjugated polymers, the two main types of organic materials used for optoelectronic and photonic devices, can be used in a number of applications including organic light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic devices, photorefractive devices and waveguides. Organic materials are attractive due to their low cost, the possibility of their deposition from solution onto large-area substrates, and the ability to tailor their properties. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices provides an overview of the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials, and explains how these materials can be used across a range of applications. Parts one and two explore the materials used for organic optoelectronics and nonlinear optics, their properties, and methods of their characterization illustrated by physical studies. Part three moves on to discuss the applications of optoelectronic and nonlinear optical organic materials in devices and includes chapters on organic solar cells, electronic memory devices, and electronic chemical sensors, electro-optic devices. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices is a technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists involved in research and development of organic semiconductor and nonlinear optical materials and devices. Comprehensively examines the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials Discusses their applications in different devices including solar cells, LEDs and electronic memory devices An essential technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists

Advances in Ultrafast Optics

Advances in Ultrafast Optics
A Book

by Fei He,Derong Li,Wei Quan,Shufeng Wang,Zhiyi Wei,Heping Zeng

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2018-09-10
  • Pages : 443
  • ISBN : 3110382830
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Being the most active field in modern physics, Optical Physics has developed many new branches and interdisciplinary fields overlapping with various classical disciplines. This series summarizes the advancements of optical physics in the past twenty years in the following fields: High Field Laser Physics, Precision Laser Spectroscopy, Nonlinear Optics, Nanophotonics, Quantum Optics, Ultrafast Optics, Condensed Matter Optics, and Molecular Biophotonics.

Machine-to-machine (M2M) Communications

Machine-to-machine (M2M) Communications
Architecture, Performance and Applications

by Carles Anton-Haro,Mischa Dohler

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-12-23
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 1782421106
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Part one of Machine-to-Machine (M2M) Communications covers machine-to-machine systems, architecture and components. Part two assesses performance management techniques for M2M communications. Part three looks at M2M applications, services, and standardization. Machine-to-machine communications refers to autonomous communication between devices or machines. This book serves as a key resource in M2M, which is set to grow significantly and is expected to generate a huge amount of additional data traffic and new revenue streams, underpinning key areas of the economy such as the smart grid, networked homes, healthcare and transportation. Examines the opportunities in M2M for businesses Analyses the optimisation and development of M2M communications Chapters cover aspects of access, scheduling, mobility and security protocols within M2M communications

Ecological Design of Smart Home Networks

Ecological Design of Smart Home Networks
Technologies, Social Impact and Sustainability

by N. Saito,D Menga

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-03-31
  • Pages : 130
  • ISBN : 1782421246
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an authoritative guide for postgraduate students and academic researchers in electronics, computer and network engineering, telecommunications, energy technology and home automation, as well as R&D managers in industrial sectors such as wireless technology, consumer electronics, telecommunications and networking, information technology, energy technology and home automation. Part One outlines the key principles and technologies needed for ecological smart home networks. Beginning with a thorough overview of the concept behind ecological smart home network design, the book reviews such important areas as power line communications, hybrid systems and middleware platforms. Part Two then goes on to discuss some important applications of this technology, with wireless smart sensor networks for home and telecare, and smart home networking for content and energy management (including the intelligent Zero Emission Urban System), all explored in detail. More systematic and comprehensive coverage: the book covers ecological design and technology requirements, performance and applications for smart home networks Better focus on industry needs: the book covers current and emerging smart home networking technologies. It explains how the technologies work, how they have developed, their capabilities and the markets that they target Better coverage of the best international research: the book is multi-contributor and brings together the leading researchers from around the world

Optical Interconnects for Data Centers

Optical Interconnects for Data Centers
A Book

by Tolga Tekin,Nikos Pleros,Richard Pitwon,Andreas Hakansson

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-11-01
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 008100513X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Current data centre networks, based on electronic packet switches, are experiencing an exponential increase in network traffic due to developments such as cloud computing. Optical interconnects have emerged as a promising alternative offering high throughput and reduced power consumption. Optical Interconnects for Data Centers reviews key developments in the use of optical interconnects in data centres and the current state of the art in transforming this technology into a reality. The book discusses developments in optical materials and components (such as single and multi-mode waveguides), circuit boards and ways the technology can be deployed in data centres. Optical Interconnects for Data Centers is a key reference text for electronics designers, optical engineers, communications engineers and R&D managers working in the communications and electronics industries as well as postgraduate researchers. Summarizes the state-of-the-art in this emerging field Presents a comprehensive review of all the key aspects of deploying optical interconnects in data centers, from materials and components, to circuit boards and methods for integration Contains contributions that are drawn from leading international experts on the topic

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Fundamentals and Applied Aspects

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Fundamentals and Applied Aspects
A Book

by Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-01-10
  • Pages : 1200
  • ISBN : 0815516851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surface contamination is of cardinal importance in a host of technologies and industries, ranging from microelectronics to optics to automotive to biomedical. Thus, the need to understand the causes of surface contamination and their removal is very patent. Generally speaking, there are two broad categories of surface contaminants: film-type and particulates. In the world of shrinking dimensions, such as the ever-decreasing size of microelectronic devices, there is an intensified need to understand the behavior of nanoscale particles and to devise ways to remove them to an acceptable level. Particles which were functionally innocuous a few years ago are ôkiller defectsö today, with serious implications for yield and reliability of the components. This book addresses the sources, detection, characterization and removal of both kinds of contaminants, as well as ways to prevent surfaces from being contaminated. A number of techniques to monitor the level of cleanliness are also discussed. Special emphasis is placed on the behaviour of nanoscale particles. The book is amply referenced and profusely illustrated. • Excellent reference for a host of technologies and industries ranging from microelectronics to optics to automotive to biomedical. • A single source document addressing everything from the sources of contamination to their removal and prevention. • Amply referenced and profusely illustrated.

Quantum Information Processing with Diamond

Quantum Information Processing with Diamond
Principles and Applications

by Steven Prawer,Igor Aharonovich

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-05-12
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN : 0857096680
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Diamond nitrogen vacancy (NV) color centers can transform quantum information science into practical quantum information technology, including fast, safe computing. Quantum Information Processing with Diamond looks at the principles of quantum information science, diamond materials, and their applications. Part one provides an introduction to quantum information processing using diamond, as well as its principles and fabrication techniques. Part two outlines experimental demonstrations of quantum information processing using diamond, and the emerging applications of diamond for quantum information science. It contains chapters on quantum key distribution, quantum microscopy, the hybridization of quantum systems, and building quantum optical devices. Part three outlines promising directions and future trends in diamond technologies for quantum information processing and sensing. Quantum Information Processing with Diamond is a key reference for R&D managers in industrial sectors such as conventional electronics, communication engineering, computer science, biotechnology, quantum optics, quantum mechanics, quantum computing, quantum cryptology, and nanotechnology, as well as academics in physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering. Brings together the topics of diamond and quantum information processing Looks at applications such as quantum computing, neural circuits, and in vivo monitoring of processes at the molecular scale

Biomimetic Technologies

Biomimetic Technologies
Principles and Applications

by Trung Dung Ngo

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-07-24
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 0081002602
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomimetic engineering takes the principles of biological organisms and copies, mimics or adapts these in the design and development of new materials and technologies. Biomimetic Technologies reviews the key materials and processes involved in this groundbreaking field, supporting theoretical background by outlining a range of applications. Beginning with an overview of the key principles and materials associated with biomimetic technologies in Part One, the book goes on to explore biomimetic sensors in more detail in Part Two, with bio-inspired tactile, hair-based, gas-sensing and sonar systems all reviewed. Biomimetic actuators are then the focus of Part Three, with vision systems, tissue growth and muscles all discussed. Finally, a wide range of applications are investigated in Part Four, where biomimetic technology and artificial intelligence are reviewed for such uses as bio-inspired climbing robots and multi-robot systems, microrobots with CMOS IC neural networks locomotion control, central pattern generators (CPG’s) and biologically inspired antenna arrays. Includes a solid overview of modern artificial intelligence as background to the principles of biomimetic engineering Reviews a selection of key bio-inspired materials and sensors, highlighting their current strengths and future potential Features cutting-edge examples of biomimetic technologies employed for a broad range of applications