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Gene-Environment Interactions in Psychiatry

Gene-Environment Interactions in Psychiatry
Nature, Nurture, Neuroscience

by Bart Ellenbroek,Ji Un Youn

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-07-26
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 012801783X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gene-Environment Interactions in Psychiatry: Nature, Nurture, Neuroscience begins with the basic aspects of gene–environment studies, such as basic genetics, principles of animals modeling, and the basic processes of how environmental factors affect brain and behavior, with part two describing the most important psychiatric disorders in detail. Each chapter has a similar structure that includes a general description of the disorder that is followed by an analysis of the role of genes and how they are affected by environmental factors. Each chapter ends with a description of the most relevant animal models, again focusing on gene–environment interactions. The book concludes with a critical evaluation of the current research and an outlook for the (possible) future, offering a vignette into the fascinating world of nature, nurture, and neuroscience. Written to provide in-depth basic knowledge on gene–environment interactions for graduate students, postgraduate students, clinicians, and scientists Includes descriptions of the major psychiatric disorders Provides detailed descriptions of animal models and basic genetic information Presents well-illustrated color figures to explain complex features in a simple manner

Schizophrenia: A Consequence of Gene-Environment Interactions?

Schizophrenia: A Consequence of Gene-Environment Interactions?

by Tim Karl, Jonathon C. Arnold

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2015-06-06
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889195317
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Schizophrenia is a multi-factorial disease characterized by a high heritability and environmental risk factors (e.g. stress and cannabis use). In recent years, an increasing number of researchers worldwide have started investigating the ‘two-hit hypothesis’ of schizophrenia predicting that genetic and environmental risk factors interactively cause the development of the disorder. This work is starting to produce valuable new animal models and reveal novel insights into the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Eventually, it might help advance studies of the molecular pathways involved in this mental disorder and propose more specific molecular medicine. However, the complexity of this multi-factorial line of research has also caused difficulties in data interpretation and comparison. Our research topic is intended to cover past and current directions in research dedicated to the understanding and measurement of gene-environment interactions (GxE) in schizophrenia, the neurobiological and behavioural consequences of such interactions as well as the challenges and limitations one encounters when working on complex aetiological systems.

Gene-Environment Interactions in Developmental Psychopathology

Gene-Environment Interactions in Developmental Psychopathology
A Book

by Kenneth A. Dodge,Michael Rutter

  • Publisher : Guilford Press
  • Release : 2011-09-01
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 1609181905
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bringing together foremost experts, this book reviews groundbreaking gene–environment research and explores implications for clinical practice, prevention, and public policy. Presented is cutting-edge work on the interplay of genetic factors and childhood experiences in the development of mental disorders such as depression, conduct disorder, and schizophrenia. Essential topics include what scientists currently know about "susceptibility genes"; the mechanisms by which maltreatment and other stressors interact with biological susceptibilities across development; and factors that make certain children more resilient than others. Future directions for personalizing treatment and prevention efforts, thus making them more effective, are discussed.

Gene Environment Interactions

Gene Environment Interactions
Nature and Nurture in the Twenty-first Century

by Moyra Smith

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-01-14
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 0128197978
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gene Environment Interactions: Nature and Nurture in the Twenty-first Century offers a rare, synergistic view of ongoing revelations in gene environment interaction studies, drawing together key themes from epigenetics, microbiomics, disease etiology, and toxicology to illuminate pathways for clinical translation and the paradigm shift towards precision medicine. Across eleven chapters, Dr. Smith discusses interactions with the environment, human adaptations to environmental stimuli, pathogen encounters across the centuries, epigenetic modulation of gene expression, transgenerational inheritance, the microbiome’s intrinsic effects on human health, and the gene-environment etiology of cardiovascular, metabolic, psychiatric, behavioral and monogenic disorders. Later chapters illuminate how our new understanding of gene environment interactions are driving advances in precision medicine and novel treatments. In addition, the book's author shares strategies to support clinical translation of these scientific findings to improve heath literacy among the general population. Offers a thorough, interdisciplinary discussion on recent revelations from gene environment interaction studies Illuminates environmental factors affecting disease-gene etiology and treatment Supports the clinical translation of gene environment interaction findings into novel therapeutics and precision medicine

Blueprint

Blueprint
How DNA Makes Us Who We Are

by Robert Plomin

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2019-07-02
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0262537982
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A top behavioral geneticist makes the case that DNA inherited from our parents at the moment of conception can predict our psychological strengths and weaknesses. In Blueprint, behavioral geneticist Robert Plomin describes how the DNA revolution has made DNA personal by giving us the power to predict our psychological strengths and weaknesses from birth. A century of genetic research shows that DNA differences inherited from our parents are the consistent lifelong sources of our psychological individuality—the blueprint that makes us who we are. Plomin reports that genetics explains more about the psychological differences among people than all other factors combined. Nature, not nurture, is what makes us who we are. Plomin explores the implications of these findings, drawing some provocative conclusions—among them that parenting styles don't really affect children's outcomes once genetics is taken into effect. This book offers readers a unique insider's view of the exciting synergies that came from combining genetics and psychology. The paperback edition has a new afterword by the author.

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry
A Book

by John R. Geddes,Nancy C. Andreasen

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2020-02-20
  • Pages : 1504
  • ISBN : 0198713002
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over its two editions, The New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry has come to be regarded as one of the most popular and trusted standard psychiatry texts among psychiatrists and trainees. Bringing together 146 chapters from the leading figures in the discipline, it presents a comprehensive account of clinical psychiatry, with reference to its scientific basis and to the patient's perspective throughout. The New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry, Third Edition has been extensively re-structured and streamlined to keep pace with the significant developments that have taken place in the fields of clinical psychiatry and neuroscience since publication of the second edition in 2009. The new edition has been updated throughout to include the most recent versions of the two main classification systems---the DSM-5 and the ICD-11---used throughout the world for the diagnosis of mental disorders. In the years since publication of the first edition, many new and exciting discoveries have occurred in the biological sciences, which are having a major impact on how we study and practise psychiatry. In addition, psychiatry has fostered closer ties with philosophy, and these are leading to healthy discussions about how we should diagnose and treat mental illness. This new edition recognises these and other developments. Throughout, accounts of clinical practice are linked to the underlying science, and to the evidence for the efficacy of treatments. Physical and psychological treatments, including psychodynamic approaches, are covered in depth. The history of psychiatry, ethics, public health aspects, and public attitudes to psychiatry and to patients are all given due attention.

Alcohol Research & Health

Alcohol Research & Health
The Journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gene-environment Interactions

Gene-environment Interactions
Roles of DNA Repair Proteins in Preventing Disease and Injury

by Mitsuko Lynn Yamamoto

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gene-environment Interactions in the Etiology of Adolescent Externalizing Psychopathology

Gene-environment Interactions in the Etiology of Adolescent Externalizing Psychopathology
A Book

by Lisa Nicole Legrand

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding Pathophysiology 3e Australia New Zealand

Understanding Pathophysiology 3e Australia New Zealand
A Book

by Judy Craft,Christopher Gordon,Sue E. Huether,Kathryn L. McCance,Valentina L. Brashers

  • Publisher : Mosby Limited
  • Release : 2018-08-10
  • Pages : 1400
  • ISBN : 0729586332
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written by Judy Craft and Christopher Gordon, Understanding Pathophysiology 3e remains Australia and New Zealand's leading pathophysiology text for nursing and allied health students. Updated to include the most current scientific and clinical case material across the life span, complex subject manner is presented in an approachable and easy-to-understand format. Beginning with essential concepts, the text examines the normal structure and function of each body system, followed by the alterations to that system caused by disease. Conditions particularly relevant to children and to the ageing are described in separate sections in each chapter to demonstrate disease processes across the life span. Strong ANZ pathophysiological focus -- with disease and disorder profiles specific to the region explained in greater detail and with an epidemiological focus Expert editors, clinicians, researchers and academic writers Recent developments in evidence-based practice for diseases and disorders incorporated throughout Evolve Student Resources: eBook on VitalSource Animations Glossary References Evolve Instructor Resources: Answer Guides to in-print features Focus on Learning, Case Studies and Review Questions Image collection Instructor's Manual PowerPoints References Test Bank NEW chapter on diabetes to highlight the prevalence of the disease in Australia and New Zealand Expanded obesity chapter to reflect the chronic health complications and comorbidities New concept maps designed to stand out and pull together key chapter concepts and processes Updated Focus on Learning, Case Studies and Chapter Review Questions Now includes an eBook with all print purchases

Genome and Envirome

Genome and Envirome
Their Roles and Interaction in Psychiatric Epidemiology

by Andrew T. A. Cheng,Brian Cooper

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 101
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Genetic Research Strategies in Psychobiology and Psychiatry

Genetic Research Strategies in Psychobiology and Psychiatry
A Book

by Elliot S. Gershon

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent Research in Personality Disorders

Recent Research in Personality Disorders
A Book

by Joel Paris

  • Publisher : W B Saunders Company
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 203
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This issue on "Recent Research on Personality Behaviors" discusses diagnosis, epidemiology, etiology, outcome and treatment for these perplexing disorders. Topics include: Diagnosis: Dimensional diagnosis for PDs, Improving categorical diagnosis of PDs, Separating traits from personality disorders. Epidemiology: The community prevalence of PDs, The clinical prevalence of PDs. Etiology: Genetics of PDs, Neurobiological and imaging studies, The neurobiology of psychopathy, Child development and PDs. Outcome: The long-term outcome of PDs, Mechanisms of recovery in PDs. Treatment: Pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments, Managing suicidality, Future directions in PD research.

Nature and Nurture in Mental Disorders

Nature and Nurture in Mental Disorders
A Gene-Environment Model

by Joel Paris

  • Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
  • Release : 2020-10-06
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 1615373683
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the last two decades, spurred particularly by the decoding of the genome, neuroscience has advanced to become the primary basis of clinical psychiatry, even as environmental risk factors for mental disorders have been deemphasized. In this thoroughly revised, second edition of Nature and Nurture in Mental Disorders, the author argues that an overreliance on biology at the expense of environment has been detrimental to the field -- that, in fact, the "nature versus nurture" dichotomy is unnecessary. Instead, he posits a biopsychosocial model that acknowledges the role an individual's predisposing genetic factors, interacting with environmental stressors, play in the etiology of many mental disorders. The first several chapters of the book provide an overview of the theories that affect the study of genes, the environment, and their interaction, examining what the empirical evidence has revealed about each of these issues. Subsequent chapters apply the integrated model to a variety of disorders, reviewing the evidence on how genes and environment interact to shape disorders including: Depressive disorders PTSD Neurodevelopmental disorders Eating disorders Personality disorders By rejecting both biological and psychosocial reductionism in favor of an interactive model, Nature and Nurture in Mental Disorders offers practicing clinicians a path toward a more flexible, effective treatment model. And where controversy or debate still exist, an extensive reference list provided at the end of the book, updated for this edition to reflect the most current literature, encourages further study and exploration.

Schizophrenia Bulletin

Schizophrenia Bulletin
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychiatry Update and Board Preparation

Psychiatry Update and Board Preparation
A Book

by Theodore A. Stern,John B. Herman,Massachusetts General Hospital

  • Publisher : Appleton & Lange
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 678
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From Massachusetts General Hospital--widely regarded as the premier center for psychiatry education, research, and treatment--comes this unrivaled, complete overview of the field of psychiatry.Perfect for licensing or in-service exams, CME, or as a clinical refresher, The Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Psychiatry Update and Review combines review material with a Q&A format--and gives you the latest information in the field, utilizing the most recent DSM-IV terminology.With in-depth coverage that ranges from neuroanatomy and psychopathology, to therapeutics, to group therapy and imaging, the book is designed to meet the curriculum requirements of the National Board of Medical Examiners and the American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology. What’s more, it considers the full spectrum of both psychiatric and neurological disorders, including:* Neuromuscular disease* Seizures* Stroke and TIA* Dementia* Sleep disorders* Mental retardation* Eating disorders* And many moreThis unique skill- and knowledge-building tool also gives you a thorough look at topics of special interest, such as the violent patient, HIV disease, psychosexual disorders, suicide, substance abuse, and child and geriatric psychiatry. If you’re a psychiatrist, neurologist, or a resident in these specialties, you can’t choose a more authoritative, all-in-one source than The Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Psychiatry Update and Review.try Update and Review.try Update and Review.

Speech Evaluation in Psychiatry

Speech Evaluation in Psychiatry
A Book

by John K. Darby

  • Publisher : Grune & Stratton, Incorporated
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Basic Psychiatric Science and Treatment

Handbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Basic Psychiatric Science and Treatment
A Book

by Norman E. Alessi,Joseph T. Coyle,Saul Isaac Harrison,Spencer Eth

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 1998-02-13
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 9780471193319
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume of the Handbook introduces the basic science of child and adolescent psychiatry and presents a myriad of treatment options available to psychiatrists. These include clinical treatments, such as diet and drug therapy, hypnotherapy and biofeedback; residential or day treatment options; group and family therapy; aggressive interventions such as therapeutic foster placement or adoption; creative treatments, such as art and music therapy; and rehabilitative therapy, including vocational therapy, educational therapy and therapeutic camping.

The British Journal of Psychiatry

The British Journal of Psychiatry
Supplement

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Scientific Foundations of Developmental Psychiatry

Scientific Foundations of Developmental Psychiatry
A Book

by Michael Rutter

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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