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Generation of Polymers and Nanomaterials at Liquid-Liquid Interfaces

Generation of Polymers and Nanomaterials at Liquid-Liquid Interfaces
Application to Crystalline, Light Emitting and Energy Materials

by Panagiotis Dallas

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-07-28
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0128195053
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Generation of Polymers and Nanomaterials at Liquid-Liquid Interfaces: Application to Crystalline, Light Emitting, and Energy Materials, Second Edition is an innovative guide to the synthesis and processing of materials through liquid-liquid interfaces. This second edition has been revised and expanded, with a new chapter on light emitting materials and increased emphasis towards applications. The book aims to highlight the versatility of the interface between two liquids, providing a unique environment for synthesizing materials with highly tuned, desirable properties. In this revised and expanded second edition, the advanced applications of the synthesized materials and the two-phase systems are highlighted, with real potential within flexible electronics, energy storage, enhanced oil recovery, and sensors. This is supported by detailed coverage of interfacial processes and the fundamental physical chemistry behind them. The first two chapters provide an overview of interfaces in natural and biological systems, and outline the fundamental properties of the interface. Chapters 3 and 4 are devoted to the synthesis and self-organization of nanoparticles and polymers through interfacial systems. The synthesis of conductive, fluorescent and conventional polymers and their properties are extensively covered. Chapters 5 and 6 focus on novel applications. This book is of interest to researchers, scientists, and advanced students, in polymer synthesis, polymer chemistry, polymer science, nanomaterials and nanotechnology, polymer composites, materials science, energy, flexible electronics, and chemical engineering. In industry, this supports scientists, R&D, and other professionals, working with polymeric materials for applications in energy, electronics, sensors, and oil & gas. Provides new ideas for the design of fluorescent polymers, conductive polymers, nanoparticle arrays, thin films, and novel 2D materials Includes detailed coverage of synthesis and processing of polymers and nanomaterials at liquid-liquid interfaces Explores state-of-the-art applications across flexible electronics, energy storage, enhanced oil recovery, and sensors

Polymers and Nanomaterials from Liquid-Liquid Interfaces

Polymers and Nanomaterials from Liquid-Liquid Interfaces
Synthesis, Self-Organisation and Applications

by Panagiotis Dallas

  • Publisher : Smithers Rapra
  • Release : 2017-03-23
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 191024290X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The liquid-liquid interface and the two-phase, organic-aqueous systems are a key part of materials science. This book is written both as a state-of-the-art review on the materials synthesised through interfaces and a theoretical introduction on the properties and the fundamentals of the interface. It should be of interest to researchers currently working in various industrial sectors, academia and consultancy.The book deals with newly developed fluorescent polymers, nanoparticle arrays through interfaces and their potential applications in energy storage, enhanced oil recovery and sensors.Chapter 1 provides an overview of interfaces in natural and biological systems. Chapter 2 outlines the fundamental properties of the interface. Chapters 3 and 4 are devoted to the synthesis and self-organisation of nanoparticles and polymers through interfacial systems. The synthesis of conductive, fluorescent and conventional polymers and their properties are extensively covered, with the most important findings from the recent literature highlighted. A deeper analysis on their electronic transport, magnetic and optical properties is beyond the scope of this work and rather an introduction on these properties is presented. Finally, the closing Chapter 5 serves as a discussion and analysis on the potential applications of liquid-liquid boundaries and of the materials synthesised through them.

Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials

Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials
A Book

by Challa S.S.R. Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-04-24
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN : 3662527804
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sixth volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
A Book

by James A. Schwarz,Cristian I. Contescu,Karol Putyera

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 4014
  • ISBN : 9780824750510
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electroanalytical Chemistry

Electroanalytical Chemistry
A Series of Advances:

by Allen J. Bard,Cynthia G. Zoski

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2010-03-25
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1420084860
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electroanalytical chemists and others are concerned not only with the application of new and classical techniques to analytical problems, but also with the fundamental theoretical principles upon which these techniques are based. With the advent of nanotechnology and the drive to create sustainable eco-friendly products, electroanalytical techniques are finding uses in fields as diverse as electro-organic synthesis, fuel cell studies, and radical ion formation. They are also employed to solve problems related to kinetics and mechanisms of electrode reactions. In addition, these techniques are useful in areas relating to electrode surface phenomena, adsorption, and the electrical double layer on electrode reactions. For more than three decades, the Electroanalytical Chemistry Series has delivered the most in-depth and critical research related to issues in electrochemistry. Its sales and reviews make it clear that this unique series offers much to the specialist and non-specialist alike. While it provides a background and a starting point for graduate students looking for a place to focus their research, it also offers valuable findings and new methods for those analytical and industrial chemists seeking to develop new products and applications, including new approaches to electroplating and corrosion resistance and fuel cell development. Continuing the traditions of excellence and innovation that make the series so remarkably relevant, Volume 23: Examines electrochemistry activity at the liquid-liquid interfaces, demonstrating research that moves the concept from an exotic curiosity into one that shows the promise of new application development, especially in the field of energy-related chemistry Explores an electrochemical approach to the reduction of platinum under superdry conditions in an effort to uncover the perfect working electrode Investigates the impact of metal-ligand bonding interactions on the electron-transfer chemistry of transition-metal nanoparticles Presents an introduction to sol-gel processing, with an emphasis on silicate formation, while looking at the dramatic advances in silicate science that electrochemists are technologically ready and eager to apply Providing authoritative reviews on recent developments and applications, Volume 23 in this seminal series provides researchers with essential background and offers both a reference and a starting point for academic and industry researchers seeking to make use of recent progress that will allow them to forge ahead.

Computational Methods for Complex Liquid-Fluid Interfaces

Computational Methods for Complex Liquid-Fluid Interfaces
A Book

by Mohammad Taeibi Rahni,Mohsen Karbaschi,Reinhard Miller

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2015-11-11
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 1498722091
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational Methods for Complex Liquid-Fluid Interfaces highlights key computational challenges involved in the two-way coupling of complex liquid-fluid interfaces. The book covers a variety of cutting-edge experimental and computational techniques ranging from macro- to meso- and microscale approaches (including pivotal applications). As examples, the text: defines the most important interfacial quantities and their experimental investigations, providing theoretical background and detailed solutions, describes vital techniques used in interfacial flow problems, such as modern meshless numerical methods and conventional computational fluid dynamics methods, and discusses the technicalities of correctly using the computational methods developed for interfacial flows, as well as the simulation of interesting interfacial flow physics. Edited and authored by leading scientists and researchers, Computational Methods for Complex Liquid-Fluid Interfaces offers an authoritative and state-of-the-art overview of computational methodologies and simulation techniques for the quantification of interfacial quantities.

Nanoscale Materials

Nanoscale Materials
A Book

by Luis M. Liz-Marzán,Prashant V. Kamat

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-05-08
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 0306481081
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Organized nanoassemblies of inorganic nanoparticles and organic molecules are building blocks of nanodevices, whether they are designed to perform molecular level computing, sense the environment or improve the catalytic properties of a material. The key to creation of these hybrid nanostructures lies in understanding the chemistry at a fundamental level. This book serves as a reference book for researchers by providing fundamental understanding of many nanoscopic materials.

Physical Chemistry of Gas-Liquid Interfaces

Physical Chemistry of Gas-Liquid Interfaces
A Book

by Jennifer A. Faust,J. E. House

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-05-31
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN : 0128136421
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Physical Chemistry of Gas-Liquid Interfaces, the first volume in the Developments in Physical & Theoretical Chemistry series, addresses the physical chemistry of gas transport and reactions across liquid surfaces. Gas–liquid interfaces are all around us, especially within atmospheric systems such as sea spry aerosols, cloud droplets, and the surface of the ocean. Because the reaction environment at liquid surfaces is completely unlike bulk gas or bulk liquid, chemists must readjust their conceptual framework when entering this field. This book provides the necessary background in thermodynamics and computational and experimental techniques for scientists to obtain a thorough understanding of the physical chemistry of liquid surfaces in complex, real-world environments. Provides an interdisciplinary view of the chemical dynamics of liquid surfaces, making the content of specific use to physical chemists and atmospheric scientists Features 100 figures and illustrations to underscore key concepts and aid in retention for young scientists in industry and graduate students in the classroom Helps scientists who are transitioning to this field by offering the appropriate thermodynamic background and surveying the current state of research

Click Chemistry for Biotechnology and Materials Science

Click Chemistry for Biotechnology and Materials Science
A Book

by Joerg Lahann

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-12-15
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9780470748855
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mimicking natural biochemical processes, click chemistry is a modular approach to organic synthesis, joining together small chemical units quickly, efficiently and predictably. In contrast to complex traditional synthesis, click reactions offer high selectivity and yields, near-perfect reliability and exceptional tolerance towards a wide range of functional groups and reaction conditions. These ‘spring loaded’ reactions are achieved by using a high thermodynamic driving force, and are attracting tremendous attention throughout the chemical community. Originally introduced with the focus on drug discovery, the concept has been successfully applied to materials science, polymer chemistry and biotechnology. The first book to consider this topic, Click Chemistry for Biotechnology and Materials Science examines the fundamentals of click chemistry, its application to the precise design and synthesis of macromolecules, and its numerous applications in materials science and biotechnology. The book surveys the current research, discusses emerging trends and future applications, and provides an important nucleation point for research. Edited by one of the top 100 young innovators with the greatest potential to have an impact on technology in the 21st century according to Technology Review and with contributions from pioneers in the field, Click Chemistry for Biotechnology and Materials Science provides an ideal reference for anyone wanting to learn more about click reactions.

Bijels

Bijels
Bicontinuous Particle-stabilized Emulsions

by Paul S Clegg

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2020-03-27
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 1839161221
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bicontinuous interfacially jammed emulsion gels, now commonly termed ‘bijels’ are a class of soft materials, in which interpenetrating, continuous domains of two immiscible fluids are maintained in a rigid arrangement by a jammed layer of colloidal particles at their interface. Such gels have unusual material properties that promise exciting applications across diverse fields from energy materials and catalysis, to food science. This is the first book on the subject and provides the reader with a fundamental introduction to the field. Edited by Paul Clegg, a recognised authority on bijels, the reader will learn about the bijel and its formation. Starting with three component systems, the reader will be introduced to systems using only two liquids and colloidal particles before moving onto more complex systems with additional components. These systems are looked at via both experimental and simulation studies, explaining phase separation kinetics, structure formation, properties and functionalisation. A closing section on bijel production using flow explores thin film and bulk structure formation relevant to larger scale materials design. Bringing together current understanding this book aims to bring the potential application of bijels to diverse materials challenges closer to fruition. This is a must-have resource for anyone working in soft matter and applied fields. Foreword by Michael E. Cates, Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge.

Liquid Crystalline Polymers

Liquid Crystalline Polymers
Volume 2--Processing and Applications

by Vijay Kumar Thakur,Michael R. Kessler

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-08-25
  • Pages : 535
  • ISBN : 3319202707
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces various applications of liquid crystalline polymers as the emerging new class of high performance novel materials. The authors detail the advantageous properties of these LCs including optical anisotropic, transparency and easy control over structure. This interdisciplinary work includes valuable input from international projects with special focus on the use of liquid crystalline polymers and/or nanocomposites.

Photoactive Functional Soft Materials

Photoactive Functional Soft Materials
Preparation, Properties, and Applications

by Quan Li

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-04-29
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 3527344829
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers the design, synthesis, properties, and applications of functional photoactive soft materials, including aspects of polymers, block copolymers, elastomers, biomaterials, liquid crystals, chemical and physical gels, colloids, and host-guest systems. It combines, in a unified manner, authoritative accounts describing various structural and functional aspects of photoactive soft materials. Photoactive Functional Soft Materials: Preparation, Properties, and Applications: * Brings together the state-of-the-art knowledge on photoactive functional soft materials in a unified manner * Covers a vibrant research field with tremendous application potential in areas such as optoelectronics, photonics, and energy generation * Appeals to a large interdisciplinary audience because it is highly useful for researchers and engineers working on photonics, optoelectronics, imaging and sensing, nanotechnology, and energy materials Photoactive Functional Soft Materials: Preparation, Properties and Applications focuses on the design and fabrication of photoactive functional soft materials for materials science, nanophotonics, nanotechnology, and biomedical applications.

Microfluidic Reactors for Polymer Particles

Microfluidic Reactors for Polymer Particles
A Book

by Eugenia Kumacheva,Piotr Garstecki

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-02-14
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 9781119990284
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The manipulation of fluids in channels with dimensions in the range from tens to hundreds of micrometers – microfluidics – has recently emerged as a new field of science and technology. Microfluidics has applications spanning analytical chemistry, organic and inorganic synthesis, cell biology, optics and information technology. One particularly promising application is the microfluidic synthesis of polymer particles with precisely controlled dimensions, and a variety of shapes, morphologies and compositions. Written as a comprehensive introduction for scientists and engineers working in microfabrication and microfluidics, Microfluidic Reactors for Polymer Particles covers topics such as: Applications and methods of generation of polymer particles Physics of microfluidic emulsification Formation of droplets in microfluidic systems High-throughput microfluidic systems for formation of droplets Microfluidic production of polymer particles and hydrogel particles Polymer capsules Synthesis of polymer particles with non-conventional shapes This book is intended for a broad audience, including students, researchers and engineers in industry, with interests in physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering or biotechnology.

Fluid Interfaces

Fluid Interfaces
A Book

by Eduardo Guzmán

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-03-02
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 3039436333
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fluid interfaces are promising candidates for confining different types of materials, e.g., polymers, surfactants, colloids, and even small molecules, to be used in designing new functional materials with reduced dimensionality. The development of such materials requires a deepening of the physicochemical bases underlying the formation of layers at fluid interfaces as well as on the characterization of their structures and properties. This is of particular importance because the constraints associated with the assembly of materials at the interface lead to the emergence of equilibrium and features of dynamics in the interfacial systems, which are far removed from those conventionally found in traditional materials. This Special Issue is devoted to studies on the fundamental and applied aspects of fluid interfaces, and attempts to provide a comprehensive perspective on the current status of the research field.

Magnetic Nanoparticles

Magnetic Nanoparticles
A Book

by Sergey P. Gubin

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-11-18
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 352762757X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This interdisciplinary approach to the topic brings together reviews of the physics, chemistry, fabrication and application of magnetic nanoparticles and nanostructures within a single cover. With its discussion of the basics as well as the most recent developments, and featuring many examples of practical applications, the result is both a clear and concise introduction to the topic for beginners and a guide to relevant comprehensive physical phenomena and essential technological applications for experienced researchers.

Advanced Functional Textiles and Polymers

Advanced Functional Textiles and Polymers
Fabrication, Processing and Applications

by Shahid Ul-Islam,B. S. Butola

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-11-12
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 1119605792
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book on advanced functional textiles and polymers will offer a comprehensive view of cutting-edge research in newly discovered areas such as flame retardant textiles, antimicrobial textiles, insect repellent textiles, aroma textiles, medical-textiles, smart textiles, and nano-textiles etc. The second part the book provides innovative fabrication strategies, unique methodologies and overview of latest novel agents employed in the research and development of functional polymers.

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials for Batteries

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials for Batteries
Principles and Applications

by Yu-Guo Guo

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-17
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 9811362335
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the roles of nanostructures and nanomaterials in the development of battery materials for state-of-the-art electrochemical energy storage systems, and provides detailed insights into the fundamentals of why batteries need nanostructures and nanomaterials. It explores the advantages offered by nanostructure electrode materials, the challenges of using nanostructured materials in batteries, as well as the rational design of nanostructures and nanomaterials to achieve optimal battery performance. Further, it closely examines the latest advances in the application of nanostructures and nanomaterials for future rechargeable batteries, including high-energy and high-power lithium ion batteries, lithium metal batteries (Li-O2, Li-S, Li-Se, etc.), all-solid-state batteries, and other metal batteries (Na, Mg, Al, etc.). It is a valuable reference resource for readers interested in or involved in research on energy storage, energy materials, electrochemistry and nanotechnology.

Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Nanotechnology

Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Nanotechnology
A Book

by Peter Kralchevsky,Reinhard Miller,Francesca Ravera

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 1466569069
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Colloid and interface science dealt with nanoscale objects for nearly a century before the term nanotechnology was coined. An interdisciplinary field, it bridges the macroscopic world and the small world of atoms and molecules. Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Nanotechnology is a collection of manuscripts reflecting the activities of research te

Enhanced Oil Recovery Processes

Enhanced Oil Recovery Processes
New Technologies

by Ariffin Samsuri

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2019-12-18
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 1789851076
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Concerned with production decline, shortages of new oil reserves, and increasing world energy demand, the oil sector continues to search for economic and efficient techniques to enhance their oil recovery from the existing oil field using several enhanced oil recovery techniques (EOR)methods. Despite its highefficiency, widely acclaimed potentials, and limitations, the Low Salinity Water Flooding (LSWF), hybrid, and nanotechnology applications have gained vast interest with promising future to increase ultimate oil recovery, tackle operational challenges, reduce environmental damage, and allow the highest feasible recoveries with lower production costs. This synergistic combination has opened new routes for novel materials with fascinating properties. This book aims to provide an overview of EOR technology such as LSWF, hybrid, and nanotechnology applications in EOR processes.

Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications

Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications
A Book

by Vaibhav Jain,Akshay Kokil

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 1466556919
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications provides a basic introduction to the optical properties of polymers, as well as a systematic overview of the latest developments in their nano engineering applications. Covering an increasingly important class of materials relevant not only in academic research but also in industry, this comprehensive text: Considers the advantages of the liquid gradient refractive index (L-GRIN) lenses over the conventional solid lenses Explores the electrochemistry of photorefractive polymers, the molecular structure of commonly used polymers, and various 3D holographic displays Discusses gene detection using the optical properties of conjugated polymers Highlights the physics of fluorescence in photoluminescent polymers, and energy and electron transfer mechanisms Introduces conventional polymer ion sensors based on the optical sensors of conjugated polymers prepared by click chemistry reactions Explains colorimetric visual detection of ions by donor–acceptor chromophores Describes optical sensors based on fluorescent polymers and for the detection of explosives and metal ion analytes Addresses holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal technology, its optical setups, and its applications in organic lasers Presents cutting-edge research on electrochromic devices, along with new concepts, prototypes, commercial products, and future prospects Demonstrates new techniques for creating nanoscale morphologies through self-assembly, which affect the optical properties of the functional polymers Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications emphasizes the importance of nano engineering in improving the fundamental optical properties of the functional polymers, elaborating on high-level research while thoroughly explaining the underlying principles.