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Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves
A Book

by Max Engel,Jessica Pilarczyk,Simon Matthias May,Dominik Brill,Ed Garrett

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-07-25
  • Pages : 848
  • ISBN : 0128156872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves provides a systematic compendium with concise chapters on the concept and history of paleotsunami research, sediment types and sediment sources, field methods, sedimentary and geomorphological characteristics, as well as dating and modeling approaches. By contrasting tsunami deposits with those of competing mechanisms in the coastal zone such as storm waves and surges, and by embedding this field of research into the wider context of tsunami science, the book is also relevant to readers interested in paleotempestology, coastal sedimentary environments, or sea-level changes, and coastal hazard management. The effectiveness of paleotsunami records in coastal hazard-mitigation strategies strongly depends on the appropriate selection of research approaches and methods that are tailored to the site-specific environment and age of the deposits. In addition to summarizing the state-of-the-art in tsunami sedimentology, Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves guides researchers through establishing an appropriate research design and how to develop reliable records of prehistoric events using field-based and laboratory methods, as well as modeling techniques. Features a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in tsunami sedimentology and paleotsunami research Offers advice on the most appropriate mapping, sampling, and analytical approaches for a wide variety of coastal settings and sedimentary environments Provides methodological details for field sampling and the most important proxy analyses

Tsunamiites

Tsunamiites
Features and Implications

by Tsunemasa Shiki,Yoshinobu Tsuji,Teiji Yamazaki,Futoshi Nanayama

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-11-27
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 0128239409
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tsunamiites: Features and Implications, Second Edition, is an overview of the state-of-the art developments in sedimentology of tsunami-induced and tsunami-affected deposits, namely tsunamiites. It also highlights new problems and issues calling for additional investigation and provides insight into the direction for future tsunamiite research. New to this edition: discussion of the impact of 2011 tsunami in Northern Japan as well as additional coverage of offshore tractive current deposition and deposition of boulders. Includes a comprehensive overview of new developments in tsunamiites from leading experts Covers future trends and development needs for researching sediments from tsunamis New edition includes coverage and lessons learned from the 2011tsunami in Northern Japan

Tsunamiites - Features and Implications

Tsunamiites - Features and Implications
A Book

by Tsunemasa Shiki,Yoshinobu Tsuji,K. Minoura,T. Yamazaki

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-10-13
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9780080558912
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an overview of the state-of-the art developments in sedimentology of tsunami-induced and tsunami-affected deposits, namely tsunamiites. It also highlights new problems and issues calling for additional investigation, and provides insight into the direction for future tsunamiite researches. * Provides a comprehensive overview of developments in tsunamiites * Investigates future trends and development needs * Cutting edge research articles from leading experts aimed at researchers and scientists

Tsunamis in the European-Mediterranean Region

Tsunamis in the European-Mediterranean Region
From Historical Record to Risk Mitigation

by Gerassimos Papadopoulos

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-12-03
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN : 0127999272
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tsunamis in the European-Mediterranean Region: From Historical Record to Risk Mitigation provides readers with a much needed, reliable, and up-to-date history of the region, including descriptions and parameters of the main events from pre-history to the present that are supported by parametric catalogues, pictorial material, and examples of instrumental records, such as tide-gauge records. The book presents a broader perspective of needed action for local and national governments, and international organizations, and is written by an internationally recognized expert in this field, providing an authoritative account of historical tsunamis in the eastern Mediterranean. It addresses key points of tsunami mitigation, including the systems currently available for tsunami recording, monitoring, and early warning, along with a presentation of the preventative measures that can be applied in all tsunami-vulnerable regions. Details the systems currently available for tsunami recording, monitoring, and early warning, and the technologies that support them Contains numerical modeling techniques used for the generation, propagation, and inundation of tsunamis Presents clear examples of tsunamis in the region and their documentation, as well as comparisons with other regions globally Includes full-color illustrations that accompany the text

Tsunami Warning and Preparedness

Tsunami Warning and Preparedness
An Assessment of the U.S. Tsunami Program and the Nation's Preparedness Efforts

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Review of the Tsunami Warning and Forecast System and Overview of the Nation's Tsunami Preparedness

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2011-04-01
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0309137535
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Many coastal areas of the United States are at risk for tsunamis. After the catastrophic 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean, legislation was passed to expand U.S. tsunami warning capabilities. Since then, the nation has made progress in several related areas on both the federal and state levels. At the federal level, NOAA has improved the ability to detect and forecast tsunamis by expanding the sensor network. Other federal and state activities to increase tsunami safety include: improvements to tsunami hazard and evacuation maps for many coastal communities; vulnerability assessments of some coastal populations in several states; and new efforts to increase public awareness of the hazard and how to respond. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness explores the advances made in tsunami detection and preparedness, and identifies the challenges that still remain. The book describes areas of research and development that would improve tsunami education, preparation, and detection, especially with tsunamis that arrive less than an hour after the triggering event. It asserts that seamless coordination between the two Tsunami Warning Centers and clear communications to local officials and the public could create a timely and effective response to coastal communities facing a pending tsuanami. According to Tsunami Warning and Preparedness, minimizing future losses to the nation from tsunamis requires persistent progress across the broad spectrum of efforts including: risk assessment, public education, government coordination, detection and forecasting, and warning-center operations. The book also suggests designing effective interagency exercises, using professional emergency-management standards to prepare communities, and prioritizing funding based on tsunami risk.

Plate Boundaries and Natural Hazards

Plate Boundaries and Natural Hazards
A Book

by Joao C. Duarte,Wouter P. Schellart

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-07-13
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1119054214
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The beginning of the new millennium has been particularly devastating in terms of natural disasters associated with tectonic plate boundaries, such as earthquakes in Sumatra, Chile, Japan, Tahiti, and Nepal; the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean tsunamis; and volcanoes in Indonesia, Chile, Iceland that have produced large quantities of ash causing major disruption to aviation. In total, half a million people were killed by such natural disasters. These recurring events have increased our awareness of the destructive power of natural hazards and the major risks associated with them. While we have come a long way in the search for understanding such natural phenomena, and although our knowledge of Earth dynamics and plate tectonics has improved enormously, there are still fundamental uncertainties in our understanding of natural hazards. Increased understanding is crucial to improve our capacity for hazard prediction and mitigation. Volume highlights include: Main concepts associated with tectonic plate boundaries Novel studies on boundary-related natural hazards Fundamental concepts that improve hazard prediction and mitigation Plate Boundaries and Natural Hazards will be a valuable resource for scientists and students in the fields of geophysics, geochemistry, plate tectonics, natural hazards, and climate science. Read an interview with the editors to find out more: https://eos.org/editors-vox/plate-boundaries-and-natural-hazards

Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change

Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2012-12-31
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 044453637X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ostracod crustaceans, common microfossils in marine and freshwater sedimentary records, supply evidence of past climatic conditions via indicator species, transfer function and mutual climatic range approaches as well as the trace element and stable isotope geochemistry of their shells. As methods of using ostracods as Quaternary palaeoclimate proxies have developed, so too has a critical awareness of their complexities, potential and limitations. This book combines up-to-date reviews (covering previous work and summarising the state of the art) with presentations of new, cutting-edge science (data and interpretations as well as methodological developments) to form a major reference work that will constitute a durable bench-mark in the science of Ostracoda and Quaternary climate change. In-depth and focused treatment of palaeoclimate applications Provides durable benchmark and guide for all future work on ostracods Presents new, cutting-edge science

Coastal and Marine Hazards, Risks, and Disasters

Coastal and Marine Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
A Book

by Jean Ellis,Douglas J. Sherman

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-11-11
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 0123965381
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sea and Ocean Hazards, Risks and Disasters provides a scientific approach to those hazards and disasters related to the Earth's coasts and oceans. This is the first book to integrate scientific, social, and economic issues related to disasters such as hazard identification, risk analysis, and planning, relevant hazard process mechanics, discussions of preparedness, response, and recovery, and the economics of loss and remediation. Throughout the book cases studies are presented of historically relevant hazards and disasters as well as the many recent catastrophes. Contains contributions from experts in the field selected by a world-renowned editorial board Cutting-edge discussion of natural hazard topics that affect the lives and livelihoods of millions of humans worldwide Numerous full-color tables, GIS maps, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs of hazardous processes in action will be included

Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications

Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications
A Book

by Alik Ismail-Zadeh,Jaime Urrutia Fucugauchi,Andrzej Kijko,Kuniyoshi Takeuchi,Ilya Zaliapin

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2014-04-17
  • Pages : 413
  • ISBN : 1107033861
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A unique interdisciplinary approach to disaster risk research, including global hazards and case-studies, for researchers, graduate students and professionals.

Tsunami

Tsunami
The Underrated Hazard

by Edward Bryant

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-07-02
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 9783319061320
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It is a comprehensive and well illustrated textbook on all aspects of tsunami. I don't think there is any other book on the topic published. As one bookseller said after the Indian Ocean tsunami event, "I would have just filled my front window with copies and they would have walked out the store." This statement was just as relevant after the Japanese tsunami of 2011 and will be as relevant when the next large tsunami event happens, sooner rather than later. The book can be used by a student or layperson to gain encyclopedic knowledge about tsunami.

The Orphan Tsunami of 1700

The Orphan Tsunami of 1700
Japanese Clues to a Parent Earthquake in North America

by Brian F. Atwater,Satoko Musumi-Rokkaku,Kenji Satake,Yoshinobu Tsuji,Kazue Ueda,David K. Yamaguchi

  • Publisher : University of Washington Press
  • Release : 2016-04-18
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 0295998512
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A puzzling tsunami entered Japanese history in January 1700. Samurai, merchants, and villagers wrote of minor flooding and damage. Some noted having felt no earthquake; they wondered what had set off the waves but had no way of knowing that the tsunami was spawned during an earthquake along the coast of northwestern North America. This orphan tsunami would not be linked to its parent earthquake until the mid-twentieth century, through an extraordinary series of discoveries in both North America and Japan. The Orphan Tsunami of 1700, now in its second edition, tells this scientific detective story through its North American and Japanese clues. The story underpins many of today�s precautions against earthquake and tsunami hazards in the Cascadia region of northwestern North America. The Japanese tsunami of March 2011 called attention to these hazards as a mirror image of the transpacific waves of January 1700. Hear Brian Atwater on NPR with Renee Montagne http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4629401

Sediment Quality Assessment

Sediment Quality Assessment
A Practical Guide

by Graeme Batley,Stuart Simpson

  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Release : 2016-02-01
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 1486303862
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contaminated sediments represent an ongoing threat to the health of aquatic ecosystems. The assessment of sediment quality is, therefore, an important concern for environmental regulators. Sediment quality guidelines are now well established in regulatory frameworks worldwide; however, practical guidance that covers all of the key aspects of sediment quality assessment is not readily available. In 2005, CSIRO published its highly cited Handbook for Sediment Quality Assessment. In the ensuing period, the science has advanced considerably. This practical guide is a revised and much expanded second edition, which will be a valuable tool for environmental practitioners. Written by experts in the field, it provides coverage of: sediment sampling; sample preparation; chemical analysis; ecotoxicology; bioaccumulation; biomarkers; and ecological assessment. In addition, detailed appendices describe protocols for many of the tests to be used.

Encyclopedia of Islands

Encyclopedia of Islands
A Book

by Rosemary G. Gillespie,D. A. Clague

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 1074
  • ISBN : 0520256492
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"An exceptionally concise and well-organized compilation of lucid accounts of the historical background and current research into all aspects of island science. Anyone with a serious interest in islands needs this tome close at hand."--Alex McBirney, author of "Volcanology and Igneous Petrology" "Scientific research on islands has greatly expanded our knowledge not only of insular biology, but also of the ecological and evolutionary processes that shape biodiversity throughout the world. This beautifully illustrated volume is a comprehensive compendium of all topics related to islands and the science conducted on them. It will be an invaluable resource not only to ecologists and evolutionary biologists, but also to anthropologists, historians, geologists, conservationists, and anyone else interested in the wonderful diversity of islands and their inhabitants."--Jonathan Losos, author of "Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles" ""Encyclopedia of Islands "is an excellent reference guide. I wish I'd had it onboard my vessel, the "Sorcerer II, " during our circumnavigation."--J. Craig Venter, President, J. Craig Venter Institute, and former Founder and Chair, The Institute for Genomic Research

Sea-Level Science

Sea-Level Science
Understanding Tides, Surges, Tsunamis and Mean Sea-Level Changes

by David Pugh,Philip Woodworth

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2014-04-24
  • Pages : 407
  • ISBN : 1107028191
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Understanding Tides, Surges, Tsunamis and Mean Sea-Level Changes Sea levels change for many reasons and on many timescales, and extreme sea levels can result in catastrophic coastal flooding, such as the Katrina storm surge in 2005 or the Sumatra tsunami in 2004. As global sea level rises, and coastal populations increase, understanding sea-level processes becomes key to plan future coastal defence effectively"--

Chicxulub: The Impact and Tsunami

Chicxulub: The Impact and Tsunami
The Story of the Largest Known Asteroid to Hit the Earth

by David Shonting,Cathy Ezrailson

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-09-09
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN : 3319394878
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book tells the story of the catastrophic impact of the giant 10 Km asteroid Chicxulub into the ancient Gulf of Mexico 65.5 million years ago. The book begins with a discussion of the nature of asteroids and the likelihood of future Earth-impacts. The story then turns to the discovery of a global sediment layer attributed to the fallout from the impact and a piecing together of the evidence that revealed a monster crater, buried under the Gulf. Reviewed is the myriad of geological and fossil evidence that suggested the disastrous sequence of events occurring when a "nuclear-like" explosion ripped through the sea, Earth, and atmosphere, thus forming the mega-crater and tsunami. The aftermath of the Chicxulub's event initiated decades and more of major global climate changes including a "Nuclear Winter" of freezing darkness and blistering greenhouse warming. A chapter is dedicated to the science of tsunamis and their model generation, including a portrayal of the globally rampaging Chicxulub waves. The asteroid's global devastation killed off some 70% of animal and plant life including the dinosaurs. The study of an ancient Cambrian fossil bed suggests how "roll of the dice" events can affect the future evolution of life on Earth. We see how Chicxulub's apparent destruction of the dinosaurs, followed by the their replacement with small mammals, altered forever the progress of human evolution. This book presents a fascinating glimpse through the lens of the natural sciences - the geology, climatology, and oceanography, of the effects of an enormous astronomical event.

The Wave

The Wave
In Pursuit of the Rogues, Freaks and Giants of the Ocean

by Susan Casey

  • Publisher : Anchor
  • Release : 2010-09-14
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0307715833
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From Susan Casey, bestselling author of The Devil’s Teeth, an astonishing book about colossal, ship-swallowing rogue waves and the surfers who seek them out. For centuries, mariners have spun tales of gargantuan waves, 100-feet high or taller. Until recently scientists dis­missed these stories—waves that high would seem to violate the laws of physics. But in the past few decades, as a startling number of ships vanished and new evidence has emerged, oceanographers realized something scary was brewing in the planet’s waters. They found their proof in February 2000, when a British research vessel was trapped in a vortex of impossibly mammoth waves in the North Sea—including several that approached 100 feet. As scientists scramble to understand this phenomenon, others view the giant waves as the ultimate challenge. These are extreme surfers who fly around the world trying to ride the ocean’s most destructive monsters. The pioneer of extreme surfing is the legendary Laird Hamilton, who, with a group of friends in Hawaii, figured out how to board suicidally large waves of 70 and 80 feet. Casey follows this unique tribe of peo­ple as they seek to conquer the holy grail of their sport, a 100­-foot wave. In this mesmerizing account, the exploits of Hamilton and his fellow surfers are juxtaposed against scientists’ urgent efforts to understand the destructive powers of waves—from the tsunami that wiped out 250,000 people in the Pacific in 2004 to the 1,740-foot-wave that recently leveled part of the Alaskan coast. Like Jon Krakauer’s Into Thin Air, The Wave brilliantly portrays human beings confronting nature at its most ferocious.

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation
Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

by Christopher B. Field,Vicente Barros,Thomas F. Stocker,Qin Dahe

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-05-28
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1107380103
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

Oceanography of the British Columbia Coast

Oceanography of the British Columbia Coast
A Book

by Richard E. Thomson

  • Publisher : Gordon Soules Book Pub
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 291
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Coastal Hazards

Coastal Hazards
A Book

by Charles W. Finkl

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-11
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN : 9400752342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers the gamut of coastal hazards that result from short-term low-frequency events and have high-magnitude and far-reaching impacts on coastal zones the world over. Much of the world’s population now lives in low-lying coastal zones that are inherently vulnerable to natural hazards such as flooding from hurricanes, tropical storms and northeastern storm surges; shoreline (beach and dune) erosion; cliff and bluff failures; and saltwater intrusion in coastal aquifers used for drinking water supplies. In addition to the usual range of hydrometeorological disasters in coastal zones, this book covers tsunami impacts and warning systems as well as global perspectives of sea-level rise impacts and human perceptions of potential vulnerabilities resulting from rip currents that cause many drownings each year on beaches. Today, the use of numerical models that help predict vulnerabilities and provide a basis for shore protection measures is important in modern scientific and engineering systems. Final considerations focus on human actions in the form of the urbanization and industrialization of the coast, shore protection measures, and indicate how environmental degradation around coastal conurbations exacerbates the potential for unwanted impacts. Strategies for environmental management in coastal zones, from low-lying wetlands to high cliffs and rocky promontories, are highlighted as a means of living in harmony with Nature and not trying to conquer it.

Coastal Tectonics

Coastal Tectonics
A Book

by Iain S. Stewart,Claudio Vita-Finzi

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 9781862390249
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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