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Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists
A Primer

by Miriam Leah Zelditch,Donald L. Swiderski,H. David Sheets

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN : 012386903X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first edition of Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists has been the primary resource for teaching modern geometric methods of shape analysis to biologists who have a stronger background in biology than in multivariate statistics and matrix algebra. These geometric methods are appealing to biologists who approach the study of shape from a variety of perspectives, from clinical to evolutionary, because they incorporate the geometry of organisms throughout the data analysis. The second edition of this book retains the emphasis on accessible explanations, and the copious illustrations and examples of the first, updating the treatment of both theory and practice. The second edition represents the current state-of-the-art and adds new examples and summarizes recent literature, as well as provides an overview of new software and step-by-step guidance through details of carrying out the analyses. Contains updated coverage of methods, especially for sampling complex curves and 3D forms and a new chapter on applications of geometric morphometrics to forensics Offers a reorganization of chapters to streamline learning basic concepts Presents detailed instructions for conducting analyses with freely available, easy to use software Provides numerous illustrations, including graphical presentations of important theoretical concepts and demonstrations of alternative approaches to presenting results

A Course in Morphometrics for Biologists

A Course in Morphometrics for Biologists
Geometry and Statistics for Studies of Organismal Form

by Fred L. Bookstein

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2018-10-04
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 1107190940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book frames and demonstrates the best of modern morphometric methods, bridging the gap between biostatistics and organismal biology.

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists
A Primer

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 443
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern Morphometrics in Physical Anthropology

Modern Morphometrics in Physical Anthropology
A Book

by Dennis E. Slice

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-06-01
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0387276149
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Morphometrics has undergone a revolutionary transformation in the past two decades as new methods have been developed to address shortcomings in the traditional multivirate analysis of linear distances, angles, and indices. While there is much active research in the field, the new approaches to shape analysis are already making significant and ever-increasing contributions to biological research, including physical anthropology. Modern Morphometrics in Physical Anthropology highlights the basic machinery of the most important methods, while introducing novel extensions to these methods and illustrating how they provide enhanced results compared to more traditional approaches. Modern Morphometrics in Physical Anthropology provides a comprehensive sampling of the applications of modern, sophisticated methods of shape analysis in anthropology, and serves as a starting point for the exploration of these practices by students and researchers who might otherwise lack the local expertise or training to get started. This text is an important resource for the general morphometric community that includes ecologists, evolutionary biologists, systematists, and medical researchers.

Patterns and Processes of Speciation in Ancient Lakes

Patterns and Processes of Speciation in Ancient Lakes
Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium on Speciation in Ancient Lakes, Berlin, Germany, September 4-8, 2006

by Thomas Wilke,Risto Väinolä,Frank Riedel

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-04-02
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 1402095821
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ancient lakes are exceptional freshwater environments that have continued to exist for hundreds of thousands of years. They have long been recognized as centres of biodiversity and hotspots of evolution. During recent decades, speciation in ancient lakes has emerged as an important and exciting topic in evolutionary biology. The contributions in this volume deal with patterns and processes of biological diversification in three prominent ancient lake systems. Of these, the famous East African Great Lakes already have a strong tradition of evolutionary studies, but the two other systems have so far received much less attention. The exceptional biodiversity of the European sister lakes Ohrid and Prespa of the Balkans has long been known, but has largely been neglected in the international literature until recently. The rich biota and problems of its evolution in the two central lake systems on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, in turn, have only lately started to draw scientific attention. This volume aims at deepening the awareness of the unusual biological diversity in ancient lakes in general, and of the role of these lakes as natural laboratories for the study of speciation and diversification in particular. It should stimulate further research that will lead to a better understanding of key evolutionary processes in these lakes, and to knowledge that might help in mitigating the deterioration of their diversity in the future.

Morphometrics for Nonmorphometricians

Morphometrics for Nonmorphometricians
A Book

by Ashraf M.T. Elewa

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-06-09
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN : 3540958525
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This introduction to morphometrics does not rely on complex mathematics and statistics. It includes application case studies in fields ranging from paleontology to evolutionary ecology, and it discusses software for analyzing and comparing shape.

Computational Paleontology

Computational Paleontology
A Book

by Ashraf M.T. Elewa

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-03-04
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 3642162711
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational paleontology is simply a term applied to using computers and its facilities in the field of paleontology. However, we should be exactly precise in describing the term through explaining the main themes of this motivating and attractive scientific field. The uppermost aim of this book is to explain how computation could be competent in fetching fossils to life and the past to present. Computers for paleontologists save time and costs, interpret mysterious events precisely and accurately, visualize the ancient life definitely and undeniably.

The Evolutionary Biology of the Human Pelvis

The Evolutionary Biology of the Human Pelvis
An Integrative Approach

by Cara M. Wall-Scheffler,Helen K. Kurki,Benjamin M. Auerbach

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-12-31
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 1107199573
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Synthesizes and re-examines the evolution of the human pelvis, which sits at the interface between locomotion and childbirth.

Plant Systematics

Plant Systematics
A Book

by Michael G. Simpson

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-10-15
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN : 0128126280
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant Systematics, Third Edition, has made substantial contributions to plant systematics courses at the upper-undergraduate and first year graduate level, with the first edition winning The New York Botanical Garden's Henry Allan Gleason Award for outstanding recent publication in plant taxonomy, plant ecology or plant geography. This third edition continues to provide the basis for teaching an introduction to the morphology, evolution and classification of land plants. A foundation of the approach, methods, research goals, evidence and terminology of plant systematics are presented, along with the most recent knowledge of evolutionary relationships of plants and practical information vital to the field. In this new edition, the author includes greatly expanded treatments on families of flowering plants, as well as tropical trees (all with full-color plates), and an updated explanation of maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference algorithms. Chapters on morphology and plant nomenclature have also been enhanced with new material. Covers research developments in plant molecular biology Features clear, detailed cladograms, drawings and photos Includes major revisions to chapters on phylogenetic systematics and plant morphology

Biological Shape Analysis - Proceedings Of The 4th International Symposium

Biological Shape Analysis - Proceedings Of The 4th International Symposium
A Book

by Lestrel Pete E

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2017-04-27
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 9813225718
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume represents an ongoing series entitled Biological Shape Analysis, of which this is the 4th Edition. These proceedings represent state-of-the-art research in the field of biology, broadly-based, that deal with the quantitative analysis of the shape of the biological form. These numerical analyses include Fourier analytic methods, wavelets, neural networks, machine vision, machine learning, median axis transforms, spectral clustering, genome-wide association studies, 3D surface mapping, as well as more traditional morphometric approaches. Studies included are drawn from research in agricultural genetics, anatomy, anthropology, botany, dentistry, entomology, forensics, human evolution, paleontology, primatology, to name a few. The shape of forms can be considered of central importance in terms of identification, comparison, and classification of biological organisms. These proceedings, of which this is the fourth one, are unique in that they deal extensively with a wide range of organisms in biology, including both fauna and flora. They bring together diverse practitioners from a wide variety of disciplines. This represents a major departure from the current emphasis on specialization in the biological sciences. It is of particular importance to note that these issues dealing with shape analysis of biological structures are found to be common across very diverse disciplines and these proceedings are the first ones to highlight this. There are no volumes currently available that are as broadly-based as these proceedings in dealing with the quantification of shape analysis. (1) These volumes are unique in their diversity in covering the biological disciplines; (2) The emphasis on numerical approaches; and (3) the numerous state-of-the-art research papers.

Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology

Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology
A Book

by Elizabeth A. DiGangi,Megan K. Moore

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN : 0123851890
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology serves as the one location readers can go to not only learn how to conduct research in general, but how research is specifically conducted within human skeletal biology. It outlines the current types of research being conducted within each sub-specialty of skeletal biology, and gives the reader the tools to set up a research project in skeletal biology. It also suggests several ideas for potential projects. Each chapter has an inclusive bibliography, which can serve as a good jumpstart for project references. Provides a step-by-step guide to conducting research in human skeletal biology Covers diverse topics (sexing, aging, stature and ancestry estimation) and new technologies (histology, medical imaging, and geometric morphometrics) Excellent accompaniment to existing forensic anthropology or osteology works

Building Bones: Bone Formation and Development in Anthropology

Building Bones: Bone Formation and Development in Anthropology
A Book

by Christopher J. Percival,Joan T. Richtsmeier

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-02-23
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108210627
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bone is the tissue most frequently recovered archaeologically and is the material most commonly studied by biological anthropologists, who are interested in how skeletons change shape during growth and across evolutionary time. This volume brings together a range of contemporary studies of bone growth and development to highlight how cross-disciplinary research and new methods can enhance our anthropological understanding of skeletal variation. The novel use of imaging techniques from developmental biology, advanced sequencing methods from genetics, and perspectives from evolutionary developmental biology improve our ability to understand the bases of modern human and primate variation. Animal models can also be used to provide a broad biological perspective to the systematic study of humans. This volume is a testament to the drive of anthropologists to understand biological and evolutionary processes that underlie changes in bone morphology and illustrates the continued value of incorporating multiple perspectives within anthropological inquiry.

Proceedings of Fifth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology

Proceedings of Fifth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology
ICICT 2020, London, Volume 1

by Xin-She Yang

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9811558566
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases

Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases
A Book

by Michel Tibayrenc

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-01-12
  • Pages : 686
  • ISBN : 0128001534
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases, Second Edition, discusses the constantly evolving field of infectious diseases and their continued impact on the health of populations, especially in resource-limited areas of the world. Students in public health, biomedical professionals, clinicians, public health practitioners, and decisions-makers will find valuable information in this book that is relevant to the control and prevention of neglected and emerging worldwide diseases that are a major cause of global morbidity, disability, and mortality. Although substantial gains have been made in public health interventions for the treatment, prevention, and control of infectious diseases during the last century, in recent decades the world has witnessed a worldwide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, increasing antimicrobial resistance, and the emergence of many new bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and viral pathogens. The economic, social, and political burden of infectious diseases is most evident in developing countries which must confront the dual burden of death and disability due to infectious and chronic illnesses. Takes an integrated approach to infectious diseases Includes contributions from leading authorities Provides the latest developments in the field of infectious disease

Dinosaur Paleobiology

Dinosaur Paleobiology
A Book

by Stephen L. Brusatte

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-04-30
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0470656573
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The study of dinosaurs has been experiencing a remarkable renaissance over the past few decades. Scientific understanding of dinosaur anatomy, biology, and evolution has advanced to such a degree that paleontologists often know more about 100-million-year-old dinosaurs than many species of living organisms. This book provides a contemporary review of dinosaur science intended for students, researchers, and dinosaur enthusiasts. It reviews the latest knowledge on dinosaur anatomy and phylogeny, how dinosaurs functioned as living animals, and the grand narrative of dinosaur evolution across the Mesozoic. A particular focus is on the fossil evidence and explicit methods that allow paleontologists to study dinosaurs in rigorous detail. Scientific knowledge of dinosaur biology and evolution is shifting fast, and this book aims to summarize current understanding of dinosaur science in a technical, but accessible, style, supplemented with vivid photographs and illustrations. The Topics in Paleobiology Series is published in collaboration with the Palaeontological Association, and is edited by Professor Mike Benton, University of Bristol. Books in the series provide a summary of the current state of knowledge, a trusted route into the primary literature, and will act as pointers for future directions for research. As well as volumes on individual groups, the series will also deal with topics that have a cross-cutting relevance, such as the evolution of significant ecosystems, particular key times and events in the history of life, climate change, and the application of a new techniques such as molecular palaeontology. The books are written by leading international experts and will be pitched at a level suitable for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers in both the paleontological and biological sciences. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/brusatte/dinosaurpaleobiology.

Advances in Trilobite Research

Advances in Trilobite Research
A Book

by Isabel Rábano,Rodolfo Gozalo Gutiérrez,D. García-Bellido

  • Publisher : IGME
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9788478407590
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New Insights into Morphometry Studies

New Insights into Morphometry Studies
A Book

by Pere M. Pares-Casanova

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-07-12
  • Pages : 96
  • ISBN : 9535133659
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There have been brilliant studies in the field of morphometry in recent years. This book increases the literature on this domain by presenting some recent advances and emerging applications upon biological structures, ranging in a variety of purposes and objectives: from animal visual system to growth models, from amphibians to humans, all in a comprehensive and accessible way of information. All chapters are written by leading internationally recognized experts from academia, who explain their own topics in plain English and in a totally rigorous manner. Suitable for a wide range of expert readers, this book represents a high valuable work for scientists and advanced students working in biological and medical morphometric topics.

Contemporary Debates in Social Sciences

Contemporary Debates in Social Sciences
A Book

by Esma Torun Çelik,Şenel Gerçek

  • Publisher : IJOPEC PUBLICATION
  • Release : 2018-09-30
  • Pages : 171
  • ISBN : 1912503522
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fossils, Phylogeny, and Form

Fossils, Phylogeny, and Form
An Analytical Approach

by Jonathan M. Adrain,Gregory D. Edgecombe,Bruce S. Lieberman

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 1461505712
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Phylogenetic analysis and morphometrics have been developed by biologists into rigorous analytic tools for testing hypotheses about the relationships between groups of species. This book applies these tools to paleontological data. The fossil record is our one true chronicle of the history of life, preserving a set of macroevolutionary patterns; thus various hypotheses about evolutionary processes can be tested in the fossil record using phylogentic analysis and morphometrics. The first book of its type, Fossils, Phylogeny, and Form will be useful in evolutionary biology, paleontology, systematics, evolutionary development, theoretical biology, biogeography, and zoology. It will also provide a practical, researcher-friendly gateway into computer-based phylogenetics and morphometrics.

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton
A Book

by M. Anne Katzenberg,Shelley R. Saunders

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-09-23
  • Pages : 680
  • ISBN : 1118211650
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This book is virtually required reading for biological anthropologists and will be a useful, up-to-date primer on osteological analyses for a wider audience." —The Quarterly Review of Biology, March 2009 "… a comprehensive guide to the ever-changing discipline of physical anthropology… provides an in depth introduction to human skeletal biology. The structure of the book makes it easy for the reader to follow the progression of the field of human skeletal biology." —PaleoAnthropology, 2009 Issue The First Edition of Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton is the market-leading reference and textbook on the scientific analysis of human skeletal remains recovered from archaeological sites. Now, featuring scores of new or thoroughly revised content, this Second Edition provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the topic available. Like the previous edition, this Second Edition is organized into five parts with contributing chapters written by experts in the field of human skeletal biology: Part One covers theory and application; Part Two discusses morphological analyses of bone, teeth, and age changes; Part Three reviews prehistoric health and disease; Part Four examines chemical and genetic analysis of hard tissues; and Part Five closes with coverage of quantitative methods and population studies. Each chapter includes a review of recent studies, descriptions of analytical techniques and underlying assumptions, theory, methodological advances, and speculation about future research. New or thoroughly revised content includes: Techniques in the analysis of human skeletal and dental remains Extensive coverage of new technologies, including modern morphometric techniques Advances in the field of forensic anthropology Enhanced discussion of ethical terms regarding the study of aboriginal peoples' remains where those people are no longer the dominant culture This book serves as an indispensable research guide to biological anthropologists, osteologists, paleoanthropologists, and archaeologists. Now with a stronger focus on teaching complex material to students, this revised edition provides enhanced case studies and discussions for future directions, making it an invaluable textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in biological anthropology and forensic anthropology programs.