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Global Change and Forest Soils

Global Change and Forest Soils
Cultivating Stewardship of a Finite Natural Resource

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-23
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 0444639993
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global Change and Forest Soils: Cultivating Stewardship of a Finite Natural Resource, Volume 36, provides a state-of-the-science summary and synthesis of global forest soils that identifies concerns, issues and opportunities for soil adaptation and mitigation as external pressures from global changes arise. Where, how and why some soils are resilient to global change while others are at risk is explored, as are upcoming train wrecks and success stories across boreal, temperate, and tropical forests. Each chapter offers multiple sections written by leading soil scientists who comment on wildfires, climate change and forest harvesting effects, while also introducing examples of current global issues. Readers will find this book to be an integrated, up-to-date assessment on global forest soils. Presents sections on boreal, temperate and tropical soils for a diverse audience Serves as an important reference source for anyone interested in both a big-picture assessment of global soil issues and an in-depth examination of specific environmental topics Provides a unique synthesis of forest soils and their collective ability to respond to global change Offers chapters written by leading soil scientists Prepares readers to meet the daily challenges of drafting multi-resource environmental science and policy documents

Forest Soils

Forest Soils
Properties and Management

by Khan Towhid Osman

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-12-12
  • Pages : 217
  • ISBN : 3319025414
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Forest soil characteristics are not only unique but their interpretation also differs from cropland soils. Just as there are diverse forest types, there are many soil variants that need different management. Today, forest plantations are being intensively managed for profitable timber, pulpwood and energy production. Site selection, species selection, site productivity evaluation, silvicultural treatments, and soil amendments need crucial soil information. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the physical, chemical and biological properties of forest soils and their implications on forest vegetation. Topics discussed include: major forest types of the world and their associated soils; forest biomass and nutrient dynamics; organic matter turnover and nutrient recycling; forest soil disturbance; forest soil and climate change; and forest soil management and silvicultural treatments.

Soil Ecology in Northern Forests

Soil Ecology in Northern Forests
A Belowground View of a Changing World

by Martin Lukac,Douglas L. Godbold

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2011-04-07
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1139500864
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Forest soils form the foundation that underpins the existence of all forests. This book encapsulates soil ecology and functioning in northern forests, focusing on the effects of human activity and climate change. The authors introduce the fundamental principles necessary for studying forest soils, and explain the functioning and mutual influence of all parts of a forest soil ecosystem. A chapter is dedicated to each of soil acidity and heavy metal pollution, elevated carbon dioxide, nitrogen deposition and climate change, highlighting the most important anthropogenic factors influencing forest soil functioning and how these soils are likely to respond to environmental change. With its unique view of the functioning of the soils found under temperate and boreal forests in today's rapidly changing world, this book is of interest to anyone studying forestry and forest ecology in European, North American and North Asian contexts.

Soil Ecology in Northern Forests

Soil Ecology in Northern Forests
A Belowground View of a Changing World

by Martin Lukac,Douglas L. Godbold

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2011-04-07
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 9780521886796
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Forest soils form the foundation that underpins the existence of all forests. This book encapsulates soil ecology and functioning in northern forests, focusing on the effects of human activity and climate change. The authors introduce the fundamental principles necessary for studying forest soils, and explain the functioning and mutual influence of all parts of a forest soil ecosystem. A chapter is dedicated to each of soil acidity and heavy metal pollution, elevated carbon dioxide, nitrogen deposition and climate change, highlighting the most important anthropogenic factors influencing forest soil functioning and how these soils are likely to respond to environmental change. With its unique view of the functioning of the soils found under temperate and boreal forests in today's rapidly changing world, this book is of interest to anyone studying forestry and forest ecology in European, North American and North Asian contexts.

Climate Change Impact on Water and Temperature Conditions of Forest Soils

Climate Change Impact on Water and Temperature Conditions of Forest Soils
A Case Study Related to the Swedish Forestry Sector

by A. Movsisyan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 68
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Forest Soil Respiration under Climate Changing

Forest Soil Respiration under Climate Changing
A Book

by Robert Jandl,Mirco Rodeghiero

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-10-09
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 3038971782
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Forest Soil Respiration under Climate Changing" that was published in Forests

Tree Species Effects on Soils: Implications for Global Change

Tree Species Effects on Soils: Implications for Global Change
Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Trees and Soil Interactions, Implications to Global Climate Change, August 2004, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

by Dan Binkley,Oleg Menyailo

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-01-20
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 1402034474
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Almost 50% of the total area of Austria is forested, and the forests are dominated by commercially valuable stands of Norway spruce ( (Picea abies). The few remaining forests that resemble the natural vegetation composition are located in forest reserves with restricted management. These natural forests are used as reference systems for evaluating silvicultural research on sustainable forest management. Natural forests are expected to have high biodiversity, where the structural richness of the habitat enables complex relationships between fauna, flora, and microflora. They also provide refugia for rare plants and animals found only in natural forest types. Austria had 180 of these forest reserves up to the year 2003. Most of these forests are privately owned, and owners are compensated by the government for loss of income associated with conservation status. The Ministerial Conference for the Protection of Forest Ecosystems (MCPFE) has launched a world-wide network of protected forest areas which should cover all major forest types (MCPFE and UNECE/FAO, 2003). The sites selected for our investigation of soil conditions and communities were chosen by vegetation ecologists and soil scientists. The stands have developed under natural competition conditions with no management interventions. All sites were well documented with known forest history. Our set of sites spans gradients of environmental conditions as well as species composition, providing a realistic evaluation of the interactions of biotic and abiotic factors.

Forest and Rangeland Soils of the United States Under Changing Conditions

Forest and Rangeland Soils of the United States Under Changing Conditions
A Comprehensive Science Synthesis

by Richard V. Pouyat,Deborah S. Page-Dumroese,Toral Patel-Weynand,Linda H. Geiser

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-09-02
  • Pages : 289
  • ISBN : 3030452166
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This open access book synthesizes leading-edge science and management information about forest and rangeland soils of the United States. It offers ways to better understand changing conditions and their impacts on soils, and explores directions that positively affect the future of forest and rangeland soil health. This book outlines soil processes and identifies the research needed to manage forest and rangeland soils in the United States. Chapters give an overview of the state of forest and rangeland soils research in the Nation, including multi-decadal programs (chapter 1), then summarizes various human-caused and natural impacts and their effects on soil carbon, hydrology, biogeochemistry, and biological diversity (chapters 2–5). Other chapters look at the effects of changing conditions on forest soils in wetland and urban settings (chapters 6–7). Impacts include: climate change, severe wildfires, invasive species, pests and diseases, pollution, and land use change. Chapter 8 considers approaches to maintaining or regaining forest and rangeland soil health in the face of these varied impacts. Mapping, monitoring, and data sharing are discussed in chapter 9 as ways to leverage scientific and human resources to address soil health at scales from the landscape to the individual parcel (monitoring networks, data sharing Web sites, and educational soils-centered programs are tabulated in appendix B). Chapter 10 highlights opportunities for deepening our understanding of soils and for sustaining long-term ecosystem health and appendix C summarizes research needs. Nine regional summaries (appendix A) offer a more detailed look at forest and rangeland soils in the United States and its Affiliates.

The Effect of Climate Change on Nitrogen Dynamics in Forest Soils

The Effect of Climate Change on Nitrogen Dynamics in Forest Soils
A Simulation Study

by B. Kuiper

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 21
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems
A Book

by Klaus Lorenz,Rattan Lal

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-11-25
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN : 9048132665
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems is a comprehensive book describing the basic processes of carbon dynamics in forest ecosystems, their contribution to carbon sequestration and implications for mitigating abrupt climate change. This book provides the information on processes, factors and causes influencing carbon sequestration in forest ecosystems. Drawing upon most up-to-date references, this book summarizes the current understanding of carbon sequestration processes in forest ecosystems while identifying knowledge gaps for future research, Thus, this book is a valuable knowledge source for students, scientists, forest managers and policy makers.

Soils and Landscape Restoration

Soils and Landscape Restoration
A Book

by John A. Stanturf,Mac Callaham

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-10-24
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 0128131942
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Soils and Landscape Restoration provides a multidisciplinary synthesis on the sustainable management and restoration of soils in various landscapes. The book presents applicable knowledge of above- and below-ground interactions and biome specific realizations along with in-depth investigations of particular soil degradation pathways. It focuses on severely degraded soils (e.g., eroded, salinized, mined) as well as the restoration of wetlands, grasslands and forests. The book addresses the need to bring together current perspectives on land degradation and restoration in soil science and restoration ecology to better incorporate soil-based information when restoration plans are formulated. Incudes a chapter on climate change and novel ecosystems, thus collating the perspective of soil scientists and ecologists on this consequential and controversial topic Connects science to international policy and practice Includes summaries at the end of each chapter to elucidate principles and key points

Permafrost Ecosystems

Permafrost Ecosystems
Siberian Larch Forests

by Akira Osawa,Olga A. Zyryanova,Yojiro Matsuura,Takuya Kajimoto,Ross W. Wein

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-01-04
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN : 9781402096938
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Drawing from a decade-long collaboration between Japan and Russia, this important volume presents the first major synthesis of current knowledge on the ecophysiology of the coniferous forests growing on permafrost at high latitudes. It presents ecological data for a region long inaccessible to most scientists, and raises important questions about the global carbon balance as these systems are affected by the changing climate. Making up around 20% of the entire boreal forests of the northern hemisphere, these ‘permafrost forest ecosystems’ are subject to particular constraints in terms of temperature, nutrient availability, and root space, creating exceptional ecosystem characteristics not known elsewhere. This authoritative text explores their diversity, structure, dynamics and physiology. It provides a comparison of these forests in relation to boreal forests elsewhere, and concludes with an assessment of the potential responses of this unique biome to climate change. The book will be invaluable to advanced students and researchers interested in boreal vegetation, forest ecology, silviculture and forest soils, as well as to researchers into climate change and the global carbon balance.

Early forest soils and their role in Devonian global change

Early forest soils and their role in Devonian global change
A Book

by Greg John Retallack

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 3
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings, Management and Productivity of Western-montane Forest Soils

Proceedings, Management and Productivity of Western-montane Forest Soils
Boise, ID, April 10-12, 1990

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings, Management and Productivity of Western-montane Forest Soils

Proceedings, Management and Productivity of Western-montane Forest Soils
Boise, ID, April 10-12, 1990

by Craig R. Contor,Dennis E. Ferguson,Nicholas L. Crookston

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 40
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Carbon, Nitrogen and Phosphorus Cycling in Forest Soils

Carbon, Nitrogen and Phosphorus Cycling in Forest Soils
A Book

by Robert G. Qualls

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-06-21
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 3038976822
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The majority of carbon stored in the soils of the world is stored in forests. The refractory nature of some portions of forest soil organic matter also provides the slow, gradual release of organic nitrogen and phosphorus to sustain long term forest productivity. Contemporary and future disturbances, such as climatic warming, deforestation, short rotation sylviculture, the invasion of exotic species, and fire, all place strains on the integrity of this homeostatic system of C, N, and P cycling. On the other hand, the CO2 fertilization effect may partially offset losses of soil organic matter, but many have questioned the ability of N and P stocks to sustain the CO2 fertilization effect. Despite many advances in the understanding of C, N, and P cycling in forest soils, many questions remain. For example, no complete inventory of the myriad structural formulae of soil organic N and P has ever been made. The factors that cause the resistance of soil organic matter to mineralization are still hotly debated. Is it possible to “engineer” forest soil organic matter so that it sequesters even more C? The role of microbial species diversity in forest C, N, and P cycling is poorly understood. The difficulty in measuring the contribution of roots to soil organic C, N, and P makes its contribution uncertain. Finally, global differences in climate, soils, and species make the extrapolation of any one important study difficult to extrapolate to forest soils worldwide.

The Potential of U.S. Forest Soils to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect

The Potential of U.S. Forest Soils to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect
A Book

by John M. Kimble,Rattan Lal,Richard Birdsey,Linda S. Heath

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2002-09-25
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1420032275
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Much attention has been given to above ground biomass and its potential as a carbon sink, but in a mature forest ecosystem 40 to 60 percent of the stored carbon is below ground. As increasing numbers of forests are managed in a wide diversity of climates and soils, the importance of forest soils as a potential carbon sink grows. The Potenti

Climate Change and Soil Interactions

Climate Change and Soil Interactions
A Book

by Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad,Marcin Pietrzykowski

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-03-06
  • Pages : 838
  • ISBN : 0128180331
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate Change and Soil Interactions examines soil system interactions and conservation strategies regarding the effects of climate change. It presents cutting-edge research in soil carbonization, soil biodiversity, and vegetation. As a resource for strategies in maintaining various interactions for eco-sustainability, topical chapters address microbial response and soil health in relation to climate change, as well as soil improvement practices. Understanding soil systems, including their various physical, chemical, and biological interactions, is imperative for regaining the vitality of soil system under changing climatic conditions. This book will address the impact of changing climatic conditions on various beneficial interactions operational in soil systems and recommend suitable strategies for maintaining such interactions. Climate Change and Soil Interactions enables agricultural, ecological, and environmental researchers to obtain up-to-date, state-of-the-art, and authoritative information regarding the impact of changing climatic conditions on various soil interactions and presents information vital to understanding the growing fields of biodiversity, sustainability, and climate change. Addresses several sustainable development goals proposed by the UN as part of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development Presents a wide variety of relevant information in a unique style corroborated with factual cases, colour images, and case studies from across the globe Recommends suitable strategies for maintaining soil system interactions under changing climatic conditions

Ecology and Management of Forest Soils

Ecology and Management of Forest Soils
A Book

by Dan Binkley,Richard F. Fisher

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-03-20
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 1119455715
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contemporary soil science and conservation methods of effective forestry Forests and the soils that serve as their foundation cover almost a third of the world’s land area. Soils influenced by forest cover have different properties than soils cultivated for agricultural use. Ecology and Management of Forest Soils provides a clear and comprehensive overview of the composition, structure, processes, and management of the largest terrestrial ecosystem. From composition and biogeochemistry to dynamics and management, this essential text enables readers to understand the vital components of sustainable, long-term forest soil fertility. The interaction of trees, animals, microbes, and vegetation alter the biology and chemistry of forest soils—these dynamics are also subject to human management, requiring conservationists to be conversant in the philosophy and methods of soil science. Now in its fifth edition, this classic text includes new coverage of uptake of organic nitrogen in forests, 15N retention studies, the effects of N additions on C accumulation, evidence-based examples of the dynamics of soils, and more. Extensive updates and revisions to topics such as spatial implications of megafires, long‐term organic matter accumulation, soil characterization, and molecular soil measurement techniques reflect contemporary research and practices in the field. This informative overview of forest soils integrates clear and accurate descriptions of central concepts and logically organized chapters to provide readers with foundational knowledge of major soil features, processes, measurement techniques, and management methods. This authoritative survey of the management and ecology of forest soils: Offers full-color photographs and illustrations, real-world examples and case studies, and clear overviews to each topic Presents up-to-date and accessible coverage of contemporary forest science literature and research Addresses topical issues relevant to areas such as ecology, forest management, conservation, and government policy Provides a comprehensive, global perspective on forest soils, from tropical to temperate to boreal Presents balanced coverage of soil science principles and their practical application to forest management Ecology and Management of Forest Soils offers students in areas of soil science and forestry, natural resource and environmental management, ecology, agronomy, and conservation an invaluable overview of the field, while providing forestry professionals an efficient and current work of reference.

Soil Health and Climate Change

Soil Health and Climate Change
A Book

by Bhupinder Pal Singh,Annette L. Cowie,K. Yin Chan

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-07-24
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN : 9783642202568
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Soil Health and Climate Change” presents a comprehensive overview of the concept of soil health, including the significance of key soil attributes and management of soil health in conventional and emerging land use systems in the context of climate change. Starting with a review of the physical, chemical and biological indicators of soil health and their significance for monitoring the impacts of climate change, this book then focuses on describing the role of soil structure, pH, organic matter, nitrogen, respiration and biota in sustaining the basic functions of soil ecosystems, and their anticipated responses to climate change. Further topics include the management of cropping, pastoral, and forestry systems, and rehabilitated mine sites, with a focus on mitigation of and adaptation to climate change impacts. Finally, the opportunities and potential risks of organic farming, biochar and bioenergy systems, and their ability to sustain and even enhance soil health, are discussed.