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Global Groundwater

Global Groundwater
Source, Scarcity, Sustainability, Security, and Solutions

by Abhijit Mukherjee,Bridget R. Scanlon,Alice Aureli,Simon Langan,Huaming Guo,Andrew A. McKenzie

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-11-08
  • Pages : 676
  • ISBN : 0128181737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global Groundwater: Source, Scarcity, Sustainability, Security, and Solutions presents a compilation of compelling insights into groundwater scenarios within all groundwater-stressed regions across the world. Thematic sub-sections include groundwater studies on sources, scarcity, sustainability, security, and solutions. The chapters in these sub-sections provide unique knowledge on groundwater for scientists, planners, and policymakers, and are written by leading global experts and researchers. Global Groundwater: Source, Scarcity, Sustainability, Security, and Solutions provides a unique, unparalleled opportunity to integrate the knowledge on groundwater, ranging from availability to pollution, nation-level groundwater management to transboundary aquifer governance, and global-scale review to local-scale case-studies. Provides interdisciplinary content that bridges the knowledge from groundwater sources to solutions and sustainability, from science to policy, from technology to clean water and food Includes global and regional reviews and case studies, building a bridge between broad reviews of groundwater-related issues by domain experts as well as detailed case studies by researchers Identifies pathways for transforming knowledge to policy and governance of groundwater security and sustainability

Global Groundwater Resources and Management

Global Groundwater Resources and Management
A Book

by B.S. Paliwal

  • Publisher : Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2017-04-01
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 9387869660
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book on “Global Groundwater Resources and Management” has been aimed at growing recognition of depleting world groundwater resources, their contamination, future requirement of the fast growing human population of the world and urgent need of a better groundwater resources management system. The issues are quite complex but now they have crossed all the political boundaries and have become a common cause. The biggest challenge before the scientific community is to integrate valuable scientific advances and technological progress to solve the issue based on holistic and effective sustainable groundwater management. The book comprises the selected papers presented from all over the world at the 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo, Norway, August 6 -14. 2008. A referee system of high, international standard has been used to review all the papers thoroughly before accepting them for publication. Each paper has been reviewed by at least two internationally recognized subject experts. In many cases as many as 5 or 6 subject experts have been contacted for the review work for a single paper because a much delayed response from the first two reviewers. Fortunately, all of them have sent their review comments simultaneously but at a later date. The book is broadly divided into five sections dealing with key aspects of global groundwater resources and management 1. Groundwater Resources and Management 2. Hydogeological Conditions, Groundwater Assessment and Modeling 3. Hydrogeochemistry and Contamination of Groundwater Resources 4. Exploitation of Groundwater and its Recharge 5. Hazardous Groundwater Conditions In total 31 research papers from Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, China, Finland, Greece, India, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, Oman, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Serbia, Turkey and Uzbekistan were selected from the General Symposium: Hydrogeology of the 33rd I.G.C. Oslo-2008. Reviewers were from countries like Argentina, Bangladesh, China, Finland, Greece, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Serbia, Syria, Thailand, Turkey and Uzbekistan.

Global Diagnostic on Groundwater Governance

Global Diagnostic on Groundwater Governance
A Book

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 2018-07-03
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 9251092591
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report aims at integrating regional and country experiences and projects with regard to viable groundwater management practices for the future. It compiles and translates best available present scientific and technical knowledge on groundwater resources and their governance, which is often highly specialized, into simpler language and synoptic representations, accessible to a large public of policy and decision makers across development sectors. It serves as a technical basis for the visioning process, and for the definition of the Framework for Action on groundwater governance.This is one of 3 outputs of project GCP/GLO/277/GEF expected to be published under the names of its 5 partner organizations and widely circulated to policy and decision-makers in countries, as well as other stakeholders of groundwater governance and practionners around the world. This outputs provides the technical basis for the other two: A Global Vision for Groundwater Governance 2030 and Global Framework for Action to Achieve the Vision on Groundwater Governance.

The United Nations World Water Development Report – N° 4 – Groundwater and Global Change: Trends, Opportunities and Challenges

The United Nations World Water Development Report – N° 4 – Groundwater and Global Change: Trends, Opportunities and Challenges
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : UNESCO
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 44
  • ISBN : 9230010499
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate Change Effects on Groundwater Resources

Climate Change Effects on Groundwater Resources
A Global Synthesis of Findings and Recommendations

by Holger Treidel,Jose Luis Martin-Bordes,Jason J. Gurdak

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-12-02
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 0203120760
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change is expected to modify the hydrological cycle and affect freshwater resources. Groundwater is a critical source of fresh drinking water for almost half of the worlds population and it also supplies irrigated agriculture. Groundwater is also important in sustaining streams, lakes, wetlands, and associated ecosystems. But despite this,

Sustaining Groundwater Resources

Sustaining Groundwater Resources
A Critical Element in the Global Water Crisis

by J. Anthony A. Jones

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-07-21
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 9789048134267
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Burgeoning population and climate change are among the most critical challenges facing the 21st century. Both have critical implications for groundwater resources, especially in many developing countries where resources are already under pressure. Due to low rainfall and high evaporation in parts of the Middle East and North Africa, groundwater is not being renewed, and groundwater laid down up to 10,000 years ago is literally being mined for irrigation, often very inefficiently. Over recent decades, groundwater levels have fallen dramatically in key grain-growing regions like the American Great Plains and the North China Plain. As the population grows and emerging economies like China and India demand more food, especially water intensive meat products, agricultural demand for water is set to increase. The rapid shift of population from the countryside to the cities is also adding to this pressure; most old wells in Beijing are now dry. Pollution from industry, agriculture and shanty towns is destroying many groundwater resources; some could take 50 years to clean up even with strict and immediate controls. This volume looks at the technical, socio-economic and political problems being faced, and at the developments in groundwater science and management that may help create a sustainable future for our planet.

Groundwater around the World

Groundwater around the World
A Geographic Synopsis

by Jean Margat,Jac van der Gun

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-03-19
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 1138000345
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a unique and up-to-date summary of what is known about groundwater on our planet, from a global perspective and in terms of area-specific factual information. Unlike most textbooks on groundwater, it does not deal with theoretical principles, but rather with the overall picture that emerges as a result of countless observations, studies and other activities related to groundwater in all parts of the world. The focus is on showing the role and geographical diversity of groundwater—a natural resource of great importance in daily life, but poorly understood by the general public and even by many water sector professionals. The book starts by analysing groundwater in the context of the hydrological cycle. Subsequently, groundwater systems as physical units, with their boundaries mainly defined by geological conditions, are reviewed. The next chapter looks at groundwater as a resource, paying attention, among others, to its quantity and quality, to the differentiation between renewable and non-renewable resources, and to the techniques for withdrawing groundwater. This is followed by a systematic documentation of the quantities of groundwater withdrawn and used around the world, and of the corresponding shares of groundwater in each of the main water use sectors. After that, steadily growing needs for groundwater management interventions are identified, resulting from local human activities and global change (including demography, economic development and climate change). Finally, groundwater resources management is addressed and real-life cases are described that illustrate actions taken and experiences with different issues in different parts of the world. The authors attempted to write this book in such a way that it is accessible to a wider readership than just groundwater professionals. It will also benefit non-groundwater specialists who work in groundwater-related fields (water managers, land use planners, environmentalists, agronomists, engineers, economists, lawyers, and journalists), by broadening their understanding of groundwater and making them aware of the huge variety of groundwater settings. Groundwater specialists will use the book as a convenient reference on the geographical diversity of groundwater. Part of the contents or interpretations offered may even be new to them or enhance their knowledge of some aspects. The many maps, tables, and references will save much time for those who would otherwise have to search elsewhere for basic information on the globe’s groundwater.

Groundwater and the Environment

Groundwater and the Environment
Applications for the Global Community

by Igor S. Zektser,Lorne G. Everett

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2000-06-21
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 9781420032895
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Historically, water has been treated as an inexhaustible resource. However, with the growth of population and development of industry and agriculture, freshwater demand has increased drastically, and its shortage felt in roughly 60% of the Earth. As early as 1931, renowned Russian scholar A.P. Karpansky wrote: "Water is not only a mineral resource, not only a means for developing agriculture. Water is a real culture bearer, it is a living blood, that creates life where there was none". Groundwater and the Environment: Remediation Applications and the Global Community covers one of the most important ecological problems - the impact on the environment of intensive groundwater pumping out. Drawing on more than a quarter century of study, Zektser analyses and makes conclusions about groundwater exploitation throughout the world. He focuses on the close connection of groundwater to the environment - its affect on surface water streams, reservoirs, seas, landscapes, and vegetation. The author demonstrates the importance of groundwater to the potable water supply, and its interaction with the environment. He stresses the significance of groundwater as a mineral resource. He provides techniques for assessing and mapping natural groundwater resources and develops these principles for studying water and hydrochemicals in coastal zones. In the last twenty years, the global awareness of groundwater as one of the most important natural resources has grown. Any changes in the groundwater causes changes in the environment. Groundwater and the Environment: Remediation Applications and the Global Community increases your ability to predict the possible changes to the environment and to follow the principle: "When using - protect, when protecting - use!"

The Global Groundwater Situation

The Global Groundwater Situation
Overview of Opportunities and Challenges

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 21
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Groundwater and Global Change in the Western Mediterranean Area

Groundwater and Global Change in the Western Mediterranean Area
A Book

by Maria Luisa Calvache,Carlos Duque,David Pulido-Velazquez

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-10-26
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 3319693565
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a compilation of papers examining the impacts of global change (GC) on water resources systems. Mainly focusing on groundwater resources in Western Mediterranean countries, it shows that this topic is one of the most important challenges facing society. The papers explore developments in both Southern Europe and North Africa, where major impacts on the sustainability, quantity, quality, and management of water resources are expected to emerge. Although most global change publications focus on surface water, the number of research papers addressing global change and groundwater has grown rapidly in recent years. Continuing that welcome trend, this book gathers the main findings presented at the “Congress on Groundwater and Global Change in the Western Mediterranean” (Granada, Spain, November 6–9, 2017), which brought together researchers and technicians interested in groundwater issues affecting this geographic area.

Global Framework for Action to Achieve the Vision on Groundwater Governance

Global Framework for Action to Achieve the Vision on Groundwater Governance
A Book

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 2018-07-03
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN : 9251092583
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Framework for Action has been prepared to achieve the goals of the Shared Global Vision for Groundwater Governance 2030. It describes the main steps to be taken and is an urgent call for action to all who can make a difference: national and local governments, international organizations, the private sector, civil society, media, educational institutes and professional organizations — but also to well owners, groundwater users and concerned citizens everywhere.

Groundwater Flow Controls on Coastal Water Quality and Global Groundwater Ages

Groundwater Flow Controls on Coastal Water Quality and Global Groundwater Ages
A Book

by Kevin Martin Befus

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 203
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Humanity relies on groundwater. But, current consumption may be outpacing groundwater renewal rates, and anthropogenic activities are altering its quality. This dissertation advances the state of knowledge of how local and regional groundwater dynamics affect its quality and quantity. First, I investigate groundwater discharge patterns and fluxes in three lakes in the Nebraska Sand Hills region and on the island of Rarotonga, Cook Islands, to understand the hydrologic connection between groundwater and surface water in these lacustrine and coastal settings. In Nebraska, I use electrical geophysical methods to characterize the spatial signature of groundwater recharge and discharge to and from the lakes using groundwater salinity patterns. On Rarotonga, a detailed field study of groundwater flow at the intertidal zone shows how groundwater flow influences the thermal regimes of nearshore environments, affecting the biota that live and chemical processes that occur near and below this dynamic interface. Next, a dense network of geophysical surveys across the coastal plain and into the lagoon on Rarotonga constrains multiple features of the larger-scale hydrologic system that are primarily controlled by the local carbonate and volcanic geology on the island. Finally, I give the first estimate of the global storage and spatial distribution of groundwater with a mean age since recharge of less than fifty years. I use several thousand two-dimensional groundwater flow and age-as-mass transport simulations parameterized by the best available hydrologic and geologic datasets. This global analysis suggests that ~6% of the groundwater stored in the upper 2 km of the Earth's crust is younger than 50 years. Comparing this young groundwater storage to current groundwater depletion rates indicates that more than half of the irrigated areas depending significantly on groundwater could have already used up all of the young groundwater and are using groundwater more quickly than the storage is replenished. Together, these studies advance how to quantify groundwater as a renewable resource through the global estimation of groundwater storage associated with certain timespans and by analyzing the implications of groundwater flow on water quantity and quality in field settings.

The International Law of Transboundary Groundwater Resources

The International Law of Transboundary Groundwater Resources
A Book

by Gabriel Eckstein

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-09-14
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN : 1317551303
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive review of the state of international law as it applies to transboundary groundwater resources and aquifers. The main focus is on recent developments and the emerging international law for transboundary aquifers as reflected in the practice of states and the work of the UN International Law Commission, UN Economic Commission for Europe, and International Law Association. The author takes an interdisciplinary approach to the subject matter and provides the scientific hydro-geological underpinning for the application of law and policy to transboundary groundwater resources. He also addresses the growing global dependence on this hidden resource, as well as both the historical and scientific context for development of the law. The book provides case examples throughout to illustrate the various concepts and developments. These include more detailed examinations of the few existing transboundary aquifer agreements in operation, such as for aquifers between France and Switzerland and Jordan and Saudi Arabia, as well as aquifers in North Africa and in South America.

Limits to Global Groundwater Consumption

Limits to Global Groundwater Consumption
Effects on Groundwater Levels and River Low Flows

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9789062664184
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Groundwater

Groundwater
Legal and Policy Perspectives : Proceedings of a World Bank Seminar

by Salman M. A. Salman

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 1999-01-01
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 9780821346136
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Water is becoming an increasingly scarce resource for most of the world's citizens. The current trends indicate that the overall situation is likely to deteriorate further, at least for the next decade, unless the water profession eschews "business as usual" practices, which can only allow incremental changes to occur." Groundwater is the least understood and least appreciated, yet the most important, natural resource available to mankind. Groundwater represents about 97% of the existing fresh water resources, excluding the resources locked in polar ice. More than one and a half billion people in the urban parts of the world today depend on groundwater. Groundwater supply is more reliable than the seasonal, and sometimes erratic, surface water and provides the main line of defense against drought. Moreover, the quality of groundwater is, by and large, superior to surface water and cheaper to develop. However, when available, data on groundwater is very scanty. As a result, the World Bank is now paying increasing attention to this valuable resource, through both operations and sector work. This publication represents the proceeding of the seminar "Groundwater: Legal and Policy Perspectives" that was organized by the Legal Vice Presidency of the World Bank. It explains some basic technical aspects of groundwater, surveys the regulatory framework for it, and discusses the World Bank experience and international law regarding this precious resource. It is a timely publication and should also assist in a better understanding and appreciation of this valuable source. It will be of interest to Bank staff, borrowing country officials, international agencies and research organizations working on groundwater.

International Law and Transboundary Aquifers

International Law and Transboundary Aquifers
A Book

by Francesco Sindico

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2020-12-25
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1788117638
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Groundwater amounts to 97% of available global freshwater resources. Emphasising the crucial importance of this in the context of increasing population, climate change and the overall global water crisis, Francesco Sindico offers a comprehensive study of the emerging body of international law applicable to transboundary aquifers.

Climate Change and its Effects on Water Resources

Climate Change and its Effects on Water Resources
Issues of National and Global Security

by Alper Baba,Gökmen Tayfur,Orhan Gündüz,Ken W.F. Howard,Michael J. Friedel,Antonio Chambel

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-06-06
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 9400711433
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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National and global security can be assessed in many ways but one underlying factor for all humanity is access to reliable sources of water for drinking, sanitation, food production and manufacturing industry. In many parts of the world, population growth and an escalating demand for water already threaten the sustainable management of available water supplies. Global warming, climate change and rising sea level are expected to intensify the resource sustainability issue in many water-stressed regions of the world by reducing the annual supply of renewable fresh water and promoting the intrusion of saline water into aquifers along sea coasts, where 50% of the global population reside. Pro-active resource management decisions are required, but such efforts would be futile unless reliable predictions can be made about the impact of the changing global conditions on the water cycle and the quality and availability of critical water reserves. Addressing this wide spectrum of issues, a team of expert authors discusses here the impacts of climate change on the global water resources, the long-term resource management goals at global and local scales, the data requirements and the scientific and technical advances necessary to mitigate the associated impacts.

Advances in Groundwater Governance

Advances in Groundwater Governance
A Book

by Karen G. Villholth,Elena Lopez-Gunn,Kirstin Conti,Alberto Garrido,Jac Van Der Gun

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-12-14
  • Pages : 594
  • ISBN : 1351808400
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses groundwater governance, a subject internationally recognized as crucial and topical for enhancing and safeguarding the benefits of groundwater and groundwater-dependent ecosystems to humanity, while ensuring water and food security under global change. The multiple and complex dimensions of groundwater governance are captured in 28 chapters, written by a team of leading experts from different parts of the world and with a variety of relevant professional backgrounds. The book aims to describe the state-of-the-art and latest developments regarding each of the themes addressed, paying attention to the wide variation of conditions observed around the globe. The book consists of four parts. The first part sets the stage by defining groundwater governance, exploring its emergence and evolution, framing it through a socio-ecological lens and describing groundwater policy and planning approaches. The second part discusses selected key aspects of groundwater governance. The third part zooms in on the increasingly important linkages between groundwater and other resources or sectors, and between local groundwater systems and phenomena or actions at the international or even global level. The fourth part, finally, presents a number of interesting case studies that illustrate contemporary practice in groundwater governance. In one volume, this highly accessible text not only familiarizes water professionals, decision-makers and local stakeholders with groundwater governance, but also provides them with ideas and inspiration for improving groundwater governance in their own environment.

Groundwater as a Key for Adaptation to Changing Climate and Society

Groundwater as a Key for Adaptation to Changing Climate and Society
A Book

by Makoto Taniguchi,Tetsuya Hiyama

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-06-24
  • Pages : 145
  • ISBN : 4431549684
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book presents an overview of recent advances in knowledge related to the assessment and management of groundwater resources, giving special attention to the uncertainties related to climate change and variability. While proposing strategies of groundwater management as adaptation, alternative and resilience under the changing environments, this book also discusses new directions and initiatives of hydrological study, in particular on the groundwater. Groundwater is a major source of water across much of the world, and acts as a component of the global water cycle on the Earth. Groundwater has the capacity to balance large swings in precipitation and has the potential to supplement surface-water resources when they are close to the limits of sustainability such as during drought. Although groundwater is pivotal to sustain water supplies, these important resources are vulnerable to increased human activities and the uncertain consequences of climate change. This book presents that groundwater with longer resident time of water circulation can be an alternative water resources and environment in changing climate. Assessments of groundwater services and benefit as well as risk are important for sustainable groundwater uses under the climate change. Groundwater which is one of the leys of adaptation to climate change should be treated as common resources and environment beyond the tragedy of the commons and dilemma of the boundaries. While providing a comprehensive description of hydrogeological characteristics of groundwater systems, the present volume also covers important aspects of legal and institutional contexts required for groundwater resources management as well as social and economic considerations. This publication may contribute to an improved understanding of the impacts of climate change and human activity on groundwater resources, provides useful guidance for policy makers and planners to include groundwater into climate change adaptation schemes and strategies.

Modern Groundwater Exploration

Modern Groundwater Exploration
Discovering New Water Resources in Consolidated Rocks Using Innovative Hydrogeologic Concepts, Exploration, Drilling, Aquifer Testing and Management Methods

by Robert A. Bisson,Jay H. Lehr

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-04-19
  • Pages : 309
  • ISBN : 1119318319
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New exploration tools and techniques for a breakthrough paradigm of regional groundwater occurrence Fresh water is undoubtedly our most precious resource aside from the air we breathe, and the only commodity whose cost has steadily risen over time. At the same time, our understanding of the origins, pathways, and recharge mechanisms of the earth's most valuable "economic" mineral-groundwater-remains in the nineteenth century. It is ironic that this scientific anachronism is contributing to a global shortage of available fresh water supplies while oil, gas, and mineral discoveries have proliferated, vastly increasing the world's energy, precious metals, and industrial mineral reserves. Modern Groundwater Exploration details applications and results of proven twenty-first- century technologies and geological concepts adapted from the oil, gas, and mineral exploration industries for evaluating, developing, and managing previously undiscovered, massive, sustainable groundwater resources. Unprecedented in both its scope and authority, this timely book presents: * A new groundwater paradigm, coined Megawatershed, which accurately and comprehensively describes the earth's natural complex groundwater systems * Innovative exploration, drilling, and testing technologies that make major new ground-water sources more locatable and cost-effective to produce than ever before * Actual case studies in which megawatershed methods have identified vast quantities of new water and brought new hope to previously arid and desperately water-short locales * Chapters by former OECD DAC chairman Alexander R. Love, geopolitical analyst Dr. Ewan Anderson, and former director of the Trinidad and Tobago Water Resources Agency Dr. Utam Maharaj on the tremendous global implications of the megawater-shed paradigm. These experts explore the many beneficial applications of megawater-shed development, from macroeconomics to development of small island developing state (SIDS), and from critical environmental issues to water conflict resolution and the potential for a second "green revolution" The world's need for clean, dependable water is more urgent-and addressable-than ever before. Let Modern Groundwater Exploration introduce you to the authors' revolutionary megawatershed paradigm, along with the latest concepts and technologies for accessing vast reservoirs of groundwater-still today's safest, cleanest, and most plentiful water resource.