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GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences

GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences
A Book

by George P. Petropoulos,Prashant K. Srivastava

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-02-18
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 0128196939
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences offers an interdisciplinary approach to applying advances in GPS/GNSS technology for geoscience research and practice. As GPS/GNSS signals can be used to provide useful information about the Earth’s surface characteristics and land surface composition, GPS equipment and services for commercial purposes continues to grow, thus resulting in new expectations and demands. This book provides case studies for a deeper understanding of the operation and principles of widely applied approaches and the benefits of the technology in everyday research and activities. Presents processing, methods and techniques of GPS/GNSS implementation that are utilized in in-situ data collection in design and systems analysis Offers an all-inclusive, critical overview of the state-of-the-art in different algorithms and techniques in GPS/GNSS Addresses both theoretical and applied research contributions on the use of this technology in a variety of geoscience disciplines

Satellites Missions and Technologies for Geosciences

Satellites Missions and Technologies for Geosciences
A Book

by Vladislav Demyanov,Jonathan Becedas

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2020-07-22
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 1789859956
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Being a vital modern technology, satellite systems for navigation, telecommunication, and geosciences have developed rapidly in the last 25 years. Modern satellite technologies have become a base of our civilization and support our day-to-day activity in both practice and geosciences. This book is devoted to GNSS-remote sensing for ionosphere research, modeling and mitigation techniques to diminish the ionosphere and multipath impacts on GNSS, and survey of the modern satellite missions and technologies. We hope that the experts’ opinions presented in the book will be interesting for the research community and students in the area of satellites and space missions as well as in engineering and geoscience research.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Insights Into Gps, Glonass, Galileo, Compass, and Others

by B. Bhatta

  • Publisher : BS Publications
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 8178002205
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chapter 1 Overview of GNSS Chapter 2 Functional Segments of GNSS Chapter 3 Working Principle of GNSS Chapter 4 GNSS Signals and Range Determination Chapter 5 Errors and Accuracy Issues Chapter 6 Positioning Methods Chapter 7 GNSS Augmentations and Other Navigation Satellite Systems Chapter 8 GNSS Receivers Chapter 9 Geodesy Chapter 10 Applications of GNSS Chapter 11 Surveying with GNSS Appendix A Mapping Issues Glossary References Index

Geodetic Time Series Analysis in Earth Sciences

Geodetic Time Series Analysis in Earth Sciences
A Book

by Jean-Philippe Montillet,Machiel S. Bos

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-08-16
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 3030217183
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an essential appraisal of the recent advances in technologies, mathematical models and computational software used by those working with geodetic data. It explains the latest methods in processing and analyzing geodetic time series data from various space missions (i.e. GNSS, GRACE) and other technologies (i.e. tide gauges), using the most recent mathematical models. The book provides practical examples of how to apply these models to estimate seal level rise as well as rapid and evolving land motion changes due to gravity (ice sheet loss) and earthquakes respectively. It also provides a necessary overview of geodetic software and where to obtain them.

Multifunctional Operation and Application of GPS

Multifunctional Operation and Application of GPS
A Book

by Rustam B. Rustamov,A.M. Hashimov

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-05-30
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 1789232147
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Today, Global Positioning System (GPS) has taken a significant place in human life with wide-scale applications. It is a multi-use, space-based radio-navigation system, embracing defense and security, civil, commercial, and scientific research needs. Taking into account the importance of the system, it has been suggested to present current advances of GPS with attention focused on vital aspects of technology. This book provides a general description of GPS, GNSS, and GLONASS with reference to the improvement of characteristics of the segments, including software applications and the equipment itself containing GPS. The book also provides information on application areas. Equally, a number of common shortcomings and errors are described, and elimination and mnimization of such consequences are demonstrated.

Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences

Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences
A Book

by Zuheir Altamimi,Xavier Collilieux

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-13
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 3642329985
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reference systems and frames are of primary importance for many Earth science applications, satellite navigation as well as for practical applications in geo-information. A precisely defined reference frame is needed for the quantification of, e.g. Earth rotation and its gravity field, global and regional sea level variation, tectonic motion and deformation, post-glacial rebound, geocenter motion, large scale deformation due to Earthquakes, local subsidence and other ruptures and crustal dislocations. All of these important scientific applications fundamentally depend on a truly global reference system that only space geodesy can realize. This volume details the proceedigns of the IAG Symposium REFAG2010 (Marne la Vallée, France, October 4-8, 2010) The primary scope of REFAG2010 was to address today’s achievements on theoretical concepts of reference systems and their practical implementations by individual space geodetic techniques and their combinations, underlying limiting factors, systematic errors and novel approaches for future improvements.

Recent Advances and Applications in Remote Sensing

Recent Advances and Applications in Remote Sensing
A Book

by Ming Hung,Yi-Hwa Wu

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-07-25
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 1789235367
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Remote sensing was the primary data source since the launch of the first environmental monitoring satellite back in 1972. In the past five decades, remote sensing technology has come a long way and evolved into a mature science. Even so, new technologies, new theories, new methodologies, and new applications continue to emerge. With the rapid pace of technological advancement, it is essential to share experiences especially between different disciplines, either on breakthroughs in new theory or understanding, or applications of remote sensing on real world issues. Disciplines or fields covered in this book include geography, geology, agriculture, forestry, botany, and oceanography. Though remote sensing may be used differently in various disciplines, the principles are similar, if not the same. This book will be valuable to scientists, scholars, working professionals, or students who use remote sensing in their work, and are interested in learning how others use remote sensing in different ways.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Insights into GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass and Others

by Basudeb Bhatta

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-07-12
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 9780415665605
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Includes detailed information on GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, and other regional and augmented systems Sheds light on the latest developments and modern trends of GNSS Offers practical guidance for surveying, mapping, and navigation Includes questions at the end of every chapter Contains a detailed glossary of terms and extensive reference list Specifically designed as an introductory reference text, this volume provides a thorough coverage of the basic principles and techniques of GNSS. It starts with the history and basic concepts and subsequently provides an extensive coverage on every GNSS constellation, GNSS signals, errors and accuracy issues, positioning methods, augmentations, satellite geodesy, and GNSS receivers. It also presents a wide spectrum of GNSS applications and practical issues involved in surveying, mapping, and navigation. Written in a clear style and including advanced topics, a detailed glossary, guidance on surveying, mapping and navigation along with numerous references, this volume is of use to students, researchers and professionals. It will specifically benefit those in geoinformatics, navigation, civil, construction, naval, aviation and transportation engineering working with GNSS for natural resources, agricultural and environmental information, geosciences and geography.

Precise Geodetic Infrastructure

Precise Geodetic Infrastructure
National Requirements for a Shared Resource

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Seismology and Geodynamics,Committee on the National Requirements for Precision Geodetic Infrastructure

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2010-10-25
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN : 9780309163293
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geodesy is the science of accurately measuring and understanding three fundamental properties of Earth: its geometric shape, its orientation in space, and its gravity field, as well as the changes of these properties with time. Over the past half century, the United States, in cooperation with international partners, has led the development of geodetic techniques and instrumentation. Geodetic observing systems provide a significant benefit to society in a wide array of military, research, civil, and commercial areas, including sea level change monitoring, autonomous navigation, tighter low flying routes for strategic aircraft, precision agriculture, civil surveying, earthquake monitoring, forest structural mapping and biomass estimation, and improved floodplain mapping. Recognizing the growing reliance of a wide range of scientific and societal endeavors on infrastructure for precise geodesy, and recognizing geodetic infrastructure as a shared national resource, this book provides an independent assessment of the benefits provided by geodetic observations and networks, as well as a plan for the future development and support of the infrastructure needed to meet the demand for increasingly greater precision. Precise Geodetic Infrastructure makes a series of focused recommendations for upgrading and improving specific elements of the infrastructure, for enhancing the role of the United States in international geodetic services, for evaluating the requirements for a geodetic workforce for the coming decades, and for providing national coordination and advocacy for the various agencies and organizations that contribute to the geodetic infrastructure.

Geo-information

Geo-information
Technologies, Applications and the Environment

by Mathias Lemmens

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-08-03
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 9789400716674
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geomatics, the handling and processing of information and data about the Earth, is one geoscience discipline that has seen major changes in the last decade, as mapping and observation systems become ever more sensitive and sophisticated. This book is a unique and in-depth survey of the field, which has a central role to play in tackling a host of environmental issues faced by society. Covering all three strands of geomatics - applications, information technology and surveying - the chapters cover the history and background of the subject, the technology employed both to collect and disseminate data, and the varied applications to which geomatics can be put, including urban planning, assessment of biodiversity, disaster management and land administration. Relevant professionals, as well as students in a variety of disciplines such as geography and surveying, will find this book required reading. This rapidly developing field uses increasingly complex and accurate systems. Today, technology enables us to capture geo-data in full 3D as well as to disseminate it via the Web at the speed of light. We are able to continuously image the world from space at resolutions of up to 50 cm. Airborne LiDAR (laser surveying) sensors can be combined with digital camera technology to produce geometrically correct images of the Earth's surface, while integrating these with large-scale topographic maps and terrestrial as well as aerial images to produce 3D cityscapes that computer users can explore from their desktops.

GNSS Environmental Sensing

GNSS Environmental Sensing
Revolutionizing Environmental Monitoring

by Joseph Awange

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-09-04
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 3319584189
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the second edition of Environmental Monitoring using GNSS and highlights the latest developments in global navigation satellite systems (GNSS). It features a completely new title and additional chapters that present emerging challenges to environmental monitoring—“climate variability/change and food insecurity.” Since the publication of the first edition, much has changed in both the development and applications of GNSS, a satellite microwave remote sensing technique. It is the first tool to span all four dimensions of relevance to humans (position, navigation, timing and the environment), and it has widely been used for positioning (both by military and civilians), navigation and timing. Its increasing use is leading to a new era of remote sensing that is now revolutionizing the art of monitoring our environment in ways never imagined before. On the one hand, nearly all GNSS satellites (Global Positioning System (GPS), Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS), Galileo and Beidou) have become operational, thereby providing high-precision, continuous, all-weather and near real- time remote sensing multi-signals beneficial to environmental monitoring. On the other hand, the emerging challenges of precisely monitoring climate change and the demand for the production of sufficient food for ever-increasing populations are pushing traditional monitoring methods to their limits. In this regard, refracted GNSS signals (i.e., occulted GNSS signals or GNSS meteorology) are now emerging as sensors of climate variability, while the reflected signals (GNSS reflectometry or GNSS-R) are increasingly finding applications in determining, e.g., soil moisture content, ice and snow thickness, ocean heights, and wind speed and direction, among others. Furthermore, the increasing recognition and application of GNSS-supported unmanned aircraft vehicles (UAV)/drones in agriculture (e.g., through the determination of water holding capacity of soil) highlights the new challenges facing GNSS. As such, this new edition three new chapters address GNSS reflectometry and applications; GNSS sensing of climate variability; and the applications in UAV/drones. Moreover, it explores the application of GNSS to support integrated coastal zone management.

Satellite Geodesy

Satellite Geodesy
A Book

by Günter Seeber

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 589
  • ISBN : 9783110175493
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Completely revised and updated edition. The book covers the entire field of satellite geodesy (status spring/\break summer 2002). Basic chapters on reference systems, time, signal propagation, and satellite orbits are updated. All currently importan

Machine Learning Techniques Applied to Geoscience Information System and Remote Sensing

Machine Learning Techniques Applied to Geoscience Information System and Remote Sensing
A Book

by Hyung-Sup Jung,Saro Lee

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-09-03
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 303921215X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As computer and space technologies have been developed, geoscience information systems (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) technologies, which deal with the geospatial information, have been rapidly maturing. Moreover, over the last few decades, machine learning techniques including artificial neural network (ANN), deep learning, decision tree, and support vector machine (SVM) have been successfully applied to geospatial science and engineering research fields. The machine learning techniques have been widely applied to GIS and RS research fields and have recently produced valuable results in the areas of geoscience, environment, natural hazards, and natural resources. This book is a collection representing novel contributions detailing machine learning techniques as applied to geoscience information systems and remote sensing.

Contemporary Military Geosciences in South Africa

Contemporary Military Geosciences in South Africa
A Book

by Hennie Smit

  • Publisher : AFRICAN SUN MeDIA
  • Release : 2019-03-31
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 192848011X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contemporary Military Geosciences in South Africa presents the reader with chapters celebrating the scope, reach and impact of themes researched by military geoscientists. The first topics under investigation ranges from battlefield archaeology and battlefield tourism to military environmental management and the development of a unique South African spatial decision support system for military integrated environmental management. This is followed by an in-depth look at contemporary maritime factors at play in South Africa. The book is concluded by an analysis of the issues surrounding military mobility software and terrain negotiability, as well as a comprehensive examination of how geographic factors influence the distribution of natural radionuclides in a military area.

Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century

Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century
Integrated Satellite Navigation, Sensor Systems, and Civil Applications

by Y. Jade Morton,Frank van Diggelen,James J. Spilker, Jr.,Bradford W. Parkinson,Sherman Lo,Grace Gao

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-12-12
  • Pages : 1168
  • ISBN : 1119458455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covers the latest developments in PNT technologies, including integrated satellite navigation, sensor systems, and civil applications Featuring sixty-four chapters that are divided into six parts, this two-volume work provides comprehensive coverage of the state-of-the-art in satellite-based position, navigation, and timing (PNT) technologies and civilian applications. It also examines alternative navigation technologies based on other signals-of-opportunity and sensors and offers a comprehensive treatment on integrated PNT systems for consumer and commercial applications. Volume 1 of Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century: Integrated Satellite Navigation, Sensor Systems, and Civil Applications contains three parts and focuses on the satellite navigation systems, technologies, and engineering and scientific applications. It starts with a historical perspective of GPS development and other related PNT development. Current global and regional navigation satellite systems (GNSS and RNSS), their inter-operability, signal quality monitoring, satellite orbit and time synchronization, and ground- and satellite-based augmentation systems are examined. Recent progresses in satellite navigation receiver technologies and challenges for operations in multipath-rich urban environment, in handling spoofing and interference, and in ensuring PNT integrity are addressed. A section on satellite navigation for engineering and scientific applications finishes off the volume. Volume 2 of Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century: Integrated Satellite Navigation, Sensor Systems, and Civil Applications consists of three parts and addresses PNT using alternative signals and sensors and integrated PNT technologies for consumer and commercial applications. It looks at PNT using various radio signals-of-opportunity, atomic clock, optical, laser, magnetic field, celestial, MEMS and inertial sensors, as well as the concept of navigation from Low-Earth Orbiting (LEO) satellites. GNSS-INS integration, neuroscience of navigation, and animal navigation are also covered. The volume finishes off with a collection of work on contemporary PNT applications such as survey and mobile mapping, precision agriculture, wearable systems, automated driving, train control, commercial unmanned aircraft systems, aviation, and navigation in the unique Arctic environment. In addition, this text: Serves as a complete reference and handbook for professionals and students interested in the broad range of PNT subjects Includes chapters that focus on the latest developments in GNSS and other navigation sensors, techniques, and applications Illustrates interconnecting relationships between various types of technologies in order to assure more protected, tough, and accurate PNT Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century: Integrated Satellite Navigation, Sensor Systems, and Civil Applications will appeal to all industry professionals, researchers, and academics involved with the science, engineering, and applications of position, navigation, and timing technologies. pnt21book.com

Remote Sensing Handbook - Three Volume Set

Remote Sensing Handbook - Three Volume Set
A Book

by Prasad Thenkabail

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-03
  • Pages : 2304
  • ISBN : 1482282674
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A volume in the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook series, Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies documents the scientific and methodological advances that have taken place during the last 50 years. The other two volumes in the series are Remotely Sensed Data Characterization, Classification, and Accuracies, and Land Reso

Environmental Geoinformatics

Environmental Geoinformatics
Monitoring and Management

by Joseph L. Awange,John B. Kyalo Kiema

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-13
  • Pages : 541
  • ISBN : 3642340857
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is no doubt that today, perhaps more than ever before, humanity faces a myriad of complex and demanding challenges. These include natural resource depletion and environmental degradation, food and water insecurity, energy shortages, diminishing biodiversity, increasing losses from natural disasters, and climate change with its associated potentially devastating consequences, such as rising sea levels. These human-induced and natural impacts on the environment need to be well understood in order to develop informed policies, decisions, and remedial measures to mitigate current and future negative impacts. To achieve this, continuous monitoring and management of the environment to acquire data that can be soundly and rigorously analyzed to provide information about its current state and changing patterns, and thereby allow predictions of possible future impacts, are essential. Developing pragmatic and sustainable solutions to address these and many other similar challenges requires the use of geodata and the application of geoinformatics. This book presents the concepts and applications of geoinformatics, a multidisciplinary field that has at its core different technologies that support the acquisition, analysis and visualization of geodata for environmental monitoring and management. We depart from the 4D to the 5D data paradigm, which defines geodata accurately, consistently, rapidly and completely, in order to be useful without any restrictions in space, time or scale to represent a truly global dimension of the digital Earth. The book also features the state-of-the-art discussion of Web-GIS. The concepts and applications of geoinformatics presented in this book will be of benefit to decision-makers across a wide range of fields, including those at environmental agencies, in the emergency services, public health and epidemiology, crime mapping, environmental management agencies, tourist industry, market analysis and e-commerce, or mineral exploration, among many others. The title and subtitle of this textbook convey a distinct message. Monitoring -the passive part in the subtitle - refers to observation and data acquisition, whereas management - the active component - stands for operation and performance. The topic is our environment, which is intimately related to geoinformatics. The overall message is: all the mentioned elements do interact and must not be separated. Hans-Peter B ahr, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr.h.c., Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany.

GNSS Applications and Methods

GNSS Applications and Methods
A Book

by Scott Gleason,Demoz Gebre-Egziabher

  • Publisher : Artech House
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN : 1596933305
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Placing emphasis on applications development, this unique resource offers a highly practical overview of GNSS (global navigation satellite systems), including GPS. The applications presented in the book range from the traditional location applications to combining GNSS with other sensors and systems and into more exotic areas, such as remote sensing and space weather monitoring. Written by leading experts in the field, this book presents the fundamental underpinnings of GNSS and provides you with detailed examples of various GNSS applications. Moreover, the software included with the book contains valuable processing tools and real GPS data sets to help you rapidly advance your own work in the field. You will find critical information and tools that help give you a head start to embark on future research and development projects.

Geodetic and Geophysical Observations in Antarctica

Geodetic and Geophysical Observations in Antarctica
An Overview in the IPY Perspective

by Alessandro Capra,Reinhard Dietrich

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-08-15
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 3540748822
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Due to their unique geophysical and geodynamic environment, both the Arctic and Antarctic polar regions are often utilized for geodetic and geophysical observations. This book is a collection of papers on various aspects of the scientific investigation and observation techniques of the polar regions at both temporary and permanent observatories. Most papers focus on regional models based on data acquired in polar regions. Geodetic satellite positions systems (GNSS: GPS, GLONASS, GALILEO) will also be discussed as well as other space techniques (DORIS, VLBI). Gravimetry, absolute gravimetry, and tidal gravimetry are also discussed, as well as seismology and meteorology. The book also touches on data analysis and geodynamic interpretation and discusses methods of constructing autonomous observatories.

Global Positioning System

Global Positioning System
Theory and Practice

by B. Hofmann-Wellenhof,H. Lichtenegger,J. Collins

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2001-01-10
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 9783211835340
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new edition adds the most recent advances in GPS technology, although the overall structure essentially conforms to the former editions. The textbook explains in a comprehensive manner the concepts of GPS as well as the latest applications in surveying and navigation. Description of project planning, observation, and data processing is provided for novice GPS users. Special emphasis is placed on the modernization of GPS, covering the new signal structure and improvements in the space and control segment. Furthermore, the augmentation of GPS by satellite-based and ground-based systems leading to future Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) is discussed.