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Green Chemistry and Water Remediation: Research and Applications

Green Chemistry and Water Remediation: Research and Applications
A Book

by Sanjay K. Sharma

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-10-22
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0128177438
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green Chemistry and Water Remediation: Research and Applications explores how integrating the principles of green chemistry into remediation research and practice can have a great impact from multiple directions. This volume reviews both common sources of chemical pollution and how using green chemistry as the basis for new or improved remediation techniques can ensure that remediation itself is conducted in a sustainable way. By outlining the main types of chemical pollutants in water and sustainable ways to address them, the authors hope to help chemists identify key areas and encourage them to integrate green chemistry into the design of new processes and products. In addition, the books highlights and encourages the use of the growing range of green remediation approaches available to experts, helping researchers, planners and managers make informed decisions in their selection of remediation techniques. Puts the naturally-aligned fields of green chemistry and environmental remediation in context, providing key background to both Highlights the use of both established and cutting-edge techniques for sustainable water remediation, including nanotechnology, biofiltration and phytoremediation Explores the potential impact sustainability goals in chemical waste production and water remediation

Green Materials for Sustainable Water Remediation and Treatment

Green Materials for Sustainable Water Remediation and Treatment
A Book

by Anuradha Mishra,James H. Clark,George A. Kraus,Peter R. Seidl,Andrzej Stankiewicz,Yuan Kou

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 259
  • ISBN : 1849736219
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Inadequate access to clean water afflicts people throughout the world, and in developing countries any solution to this challenge must be achieved at a low cost and low energy demand. At the same time, the use of chemicals, and subsequent environmental impact must also be reduced. Green and sustainable water remediation is a rapidly growing field of interest to governments and corporations alike, with considerable input from academics, environmental consultants and public interest groups. This book presents a focused set of articles covering a range of topics in the field, examining not only the adoption of natural products for water remediation, but also the synthesis of new materials and emerging clean technologies. Contributors from across the globe (including some "on the ground" in the developing world) present a comprehensive digest in the form of review-style articles highlighting the current thinking and direction in the field. Interested stakeholders from all sectors will find this book invaluable, and postgraduate students of chemical engineering or environmental science will benefit from the real-world applications presented.

Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention

Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention
A Book

by Sanjay K. Sharma,Rashmi Sanghi

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-06-19
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN : 9400742045
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention explores the most up-to-date studies in the field of water pollution. More specifically, this book examines the causes and effects of this threatening phenomenon and identifies the preventive measures that can be taken to contain, and even to defeat, water pollution worldwide. The papers gathered in this volume pinpoint the need to implement greener water treatments to prevent water pollution from impacting ecosystems, human well-being and economies any further. They also successfully outline the processes that have been studied, optimized and developed so far to sustain our environment. Advances in Water Treatment and Pollution Prevention will represent a valuable resource to academic researchers, students, institutions, environmentalists, and anyone interested in environmental policies aimed at safeguarding both the quality and the quantity of water.

Nanomaterials for Air Remediation

Nanomaterials for Air Remediation
A Book

by Abdeltif Amrane,Aymen Amine Assadi,Phuong Nguyen-Tri,Tuán Anh Nguyen,Sami Rtimi

  • Publisher : Micro and Nano Technologies
  • Release : 2020-01-17
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0128188219
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials for Air Remediation provides a comprehensive description of basic knowledge and current research progress in the field of air treatment using nanomaterials. The book explores how nanomaterials are used in various air remediation techniques, including advanced oxidation processes, biological processes, and filtration. It also covers their combined use as nanocatalysts, nanoantibiotics, nanoadsorbents, nanocontainers, nanofiltrations and nanosensors. Major challenges to using nanomaterials for improving air quality on a mass scale, both practical and regulatory, are also presented. This is an important resource for materials scientists and environmental engineers who are looking to understand how nanotechnology is used to enhance air quality. Includes coverage of a wide range of nanomaterials, from biochemical to chemical materials, and nanomaterials supported photocatalysts Discusses how the properties of nanomaterials are being used to make more efficient air purification systems and products Assesses the practical and regulatory challenges of using different types of nanomaterials for air remediation

Wastewater Reuse and Management

Wastewater Reuse and Management
A Book

by Sanjay K. Sharma,Rashmi Sanghi

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-11-06
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN : 9400749422
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past 50 years the volume of wastewater has grown exponentially as a result of the increasing world population and the expansion of industrial developments. Researchers all over the world have been trying to address this issue suitably in order to fight water scarcity; yet, it is only recently that wastewater recycling has caught their attention as an effective and responsible solution. Wastewater is a resource that can be adequately treated to successfully satisfy most water demands as well as decreasing wastewater discharges and preventing pollution. This book presents the studies of some of the most prestigious international scientists and gathers them in three different sections: Wastewater Management and Reuse, Wastewater Treatment options and Risk Assessment. The result is an insightful analysis of waste water management, its treatments, and the processes that have been studied, optimized and developed so far to sustain our environment. Wastewater Reuse and Management represents a valuable resource to academic researchers, students, institutions, environmentalists, and anyone interested in environmental policies aimed at safeguarding both the quality and the quantity of water.

Green Chemistry and Biodiversity

Green Chemistry and Biodiversity
Principles, Techniques, and Correlations

by Cristobal N. Aguilar,Suresh C. Ameta,A. K. Haghi

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-12-06
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 0429514638
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green Chemistry and Biodiversity: Principles, Techniques, and Correlations reports on new approaches to designing chemicals and chemical transformations that are beneficial for human health and the environment, a continuing emerging important field of study. This volume provides a collection of innovative research on the development of alternative sustainable technologies, taking a broad view of the subject and integrating a wide variety of approaches. With a focus on the interdisciplinary applications of green chemistry and biodiversity, this volume will be a rich resource for scientists and researchers in many subfields of chemistry and chemical engineering.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation
A Book

by Ravindra Kumar Gautam,Mahesh Chandra Chattopadhyaya

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-08-05
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 1315351129
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contamination of aqueous environments by hazardous chemical compounds is the direct cause of the decline of safe clean water supply throughout the globe. The use of unconventional water sources such as treated wastewater will be a new norm. Emerging nanotechnological innovations have great potential for wastewater remediation processes. Applications that use smart nanomaterials of inorganic and organic origin improve treatment efficiency and lower energy requirements. This book describes the synthesis, fabrication, and application of advanced nanomaterials in water treatment processes; their adsorption, transformation into low toxic forms, or degradation phenomena, and the adsorption and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, heavy metals and metalloids from aqueous solutions. It explains the use of different categories of nanomaterials for various pollutants and enhances understanding of nanotechnology-based water remediation to make it less toxic and reusable.

Natural Water Remediation

Natural Water Remediation
Chemistry and Technology

by James G. Speight

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2019-08-29
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 0128038829
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural Water Remediation: Chemistry and Technology considers topics such as metal ion solubility controls, pH, carbonate equilibria, adsorption reactions, redox reactions and the kinetics of oxygenation reactions that occur in natural water environments. The book begins with the fundamentals of acid-base and redox chemistry to provide a better understanding of the natural system. Other sections cover the relationships among environmental factors and natural water (including biochemical factors, hydrologic cycles and sources of solutes in the atmosphere). Chemical thermodynamic models, as applied to natural water, are then discussed in detail. Final sections cover self-contained applications concerning composition, quality measurement and analyses for river, lake, reservoir and groundwater sampling. Covers the fundamentals of acid-base and redox chemistry for environmental engineers Focuses on the practical uses of water, soil mineral and bedrock chemistry and how they impact surface and groundwater Includes applications concerning composition, quality measurement and analyses for river, lake, reservoir and groundwater sampling

Handbook on Applications of Ultrasound

Handbook on Applications of Ultrasound
Sonochemistry for Sustainability

by Dong Chen,Sanjay K. Sharma,Ackmez Mudhoo

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-07-26
  • Pages : 739
  • ISBN : 143984206X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ultrasonic irradiation and the associated sonochemical and sonophysical effects are complementary techniques for driving more efficient chemical reactions and yields. Sonochemistry—the chemical effects and applications of ultrasonic waves—and sustainable (green) chemistry both aim to use less hazardous chemicals and solvents, reduce energy consumption, and increase product selectivity. A comprehensive collection of knowledge, Handbook on Applications of Ultrasound covers the most relevant aspects linked to and linking green chemistry practices to environmental sustainability through the uses and applications of ultrasound-mediated and ultrasound-assisted biological, biochemical, chemical, and physical processes. Chapters are presented in the areas of: Medical applications Drug and gene delivery Nanotechnology Food technology Synthetic applications and organic chemistry Anaerobic digestion Environmental contaminants degradation Polymer chemistry Industrial syntheses and processes Reactor design Electrochemical systems Combined ultrasound−microwave technologies While the concepts of sonochemistry have been known for more than 80 years, in-depth understanding of this phenomenon continues to evolve. Through a review of the current status of chemical and physical science and engineering in developing more environmentally friendly and less toxic synthetic processes, this book highlights many existing applications and the enormous potential of ultrasound technology to upgrade present industrial, agricultural, and environmental processes.

Sustainable Inorganic Chemistry

Sustainable Inorganic Chemistry
A Book

by David A. Atwood

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-10-17
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1118703421
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Earth's natural resources are finite and easily compromised by contamination from industrial chemicals and byproducts from the degradation of consumer products. The growing field of green and sustainable chemistry seeks to address this through the development of products and processes that are environmentally benign while remaining economically viable. Inorganic chemistry plays a critical role in this endeavor in areas such as resource extraction and isolation, renewable energy, catalytic processes, waste minimization and avoidance, and renewable industrial feedstocks. Sustainable Inorganic Chemistry presents a comprehensive overview of the many new developments taking place in this rapidly expanding field, in articles that discuss fundamental concepts alongside cutting-edge developments and applications. The volume includes educational reviews from leading scientists on a broad range of topics including: inorganic resources, sustainable synthetic methods, alternative reaction conditions, heterogeneous catalysis, photocatalysis, sustainable nanomaterials, renewable and clean fuels, water treatment and remediation, waste valorization and life cycle sustainability assessment. The content from this book will be added online to the Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry.

Biosurfactants

Biosurfactants
Research Trends and Applications

by Catherine N. Mulligan,Sanjay K. Sharma,Ackmez Mudhoo

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-02-10
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1466518243
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbially derived surfactants, called biosurfactants, provide a promising alternative to synthetic surfactants, displaying better availability and being generally nontoxic and biodegradable. Biosurfactants also have the advantage of diverse chemical properties and the potential to be less expensive. They demonstrate properties such as reducing surface tension, stabilizing emulsions, and promoting foaming. With many promising research results, a consolidated resource of biosurfactant knowledge is needed to build a framework for further development of applications. Biosurfactants: Research Trends and Applications fills this need, covering the latest research and development on relevant aspects of biological, biochemical, and physical processes and applications of biosurfactants. This book reviews current knowledge and the latest advances, strategies for improving production processes, and the status of biosynthetic and genetic regulation mechanisms for microbial surfactants. Chapters present research findings on specific biosurfactants, such as high surface activity rhamnolipids, yeast-derived sophorolipids, lipopeptides, and trehalose lipids that have potential for environmental, industrial, and medical uses. The book also describes sources and characteristics of marine microbial biosurfactants, biosurfactants made from food processing by-products and biosurfactants used in the food industry, and biosurfactants for green synthesis of nanoparticles. The text presents applications of biosurfactants in environmental industries and examines interactions between metals and various classes of biosurfactants and related metal remediation technologies. The final chapter reviews the state of the art of biosurfactants and their applications, and proposes approaches to overcome any challenges.

Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies

Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies
A Book

by Xuan-Thanh Bui,Chart Chiemchaisri,Takahiro Fujioka,Sunita Varjani

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-07
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN : 9811332592
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses major technological advances in the treatment and re-use of wastewater. Its focus is on both novel treatment strategies and the modifications and adaptions of conventional processes to optimize the treatment of a complex variety of pollutants, including organic matter, chemicals and micropollutants in different water resources, as well as the integration of water treatment with bioelectricity production. Written by leading researchers in the field, it will be of interest to a wide range of researchers in both industry and academia.

Green Technologies and Environmental Sustainability

Green Technologies and Environmental Sustainability
A Book

by Ritu Singh,Sanjeev Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-04-05
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 3319506544
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the present scenario, green technologies are playing significant role in changing the course of nation’s economic growth towards sustainability and providing an alternative socio-economic model that will enable present and future generations to live in a clean and healthy environment, in harmony with nature. Green technology, which is also known as clean technology, refers to the development and extension of processes, practices, and applications that improve or replace the existing technologies facilitating society to meet their own needs while substantially decreasing the impact of human on the planet, and reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. The concepts of Green Technologies, if endorsed and pervaded into the lives of all societies, will facilitate the aim of the Millennium Development Goals of keeping the environment intact and improve it for the civilization to survive. Green Technologies and Environmental Sustainability is focused on the goals of green technologies which are becoming increasingly important for ensuring sustainability. This book provides different perspectives of green technology in sectors like energy, agriculture, waste management and economics and contains recent advancements made towards sustainable development in the field of bioenergy, nanotechnology, green chemistry, bioremediation, degraded land reclamation. This book is written for a large and broad readership, including researchers, scientists, academicians and readers from diverse backgrounds across various fields such as nanotechnology, chemistry, agriculture, environmental science, water engineering, waste management and energy. It could also serve as a reference book for graduates and post-graduate students, faculties, environmentalist and industrial personnel who are working in the area of green technologies.

Government Research Directory

Government Research Directory
A Book

by Anonimo

  • Publisher : Gale Cengage
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 1485
  • ISBN : 9780787697563
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides more than 6,800 research facilities and programs of the U.S. and Canadian federal governments. Listings include e-mail and Web site addresses, and a wealth of descriptive information.

Biomass for Sustainable Applications

Biomass for Sustainable Applications
Pollution Remediation and Energy

by Sarra Gaspard,Mohamed Chaker Ncibi

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2013-12-05
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 1849737142
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable sources of energy and a supply of good quality water are two major challenges facing modern societies across the globe. Biomass from cultivated plants may be used to generate energy, but at the cost of contaminated surface waters from pesticide and fertiliser use. This two-volume set examines the potential use of biomass as both a source of sustainable energy and a resource to tackle contaminated soils and wastewaters. Consideration is given to non-food crops, bacteria ,and fungi as sources of biomass and the book enables the reader to identify the best local bioresources according to the desired application. With contributions from across the globe, this is an essential guide to meeting the demand for energy and pollution remediation by exploiting local and renewable resources. The example scenarios given may inspire policy makers and local officers, while chemical engineers and environmental scientists in both academia and industry will benefit from the comprehensive review of current thinking and application.

Environmental Water

Environmental Water
Advances in Treatment, Remediation and Recycling

by V. K. Gupta,Imran Ali

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 0444593993
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The world is facing a drinking water crisis. Besides continuous population growth, uneven distribution of water resources and periodic droughts have forced scientists to search for new and effective water treatment, remediation and recycling technologies. Therefore, there is a great need for the development of suitable, inexpensive and rapid wastewater treatment and reuse or conservation methods. This title discusses different types of wastewater treatment, remediation and recycling techniques, like adsorption, membrane filtration and reverse osmosis. It also provides guidance for the selection of the appropriate technologies or their combinations for specific applications so that one can select the exact and accurate technology without any problem. The book comprises detailed discussion on the application of various technologies for water treatment, remediation and recycling technologies and provides an update on the development in water treatment, detailed analysis of their features and economic analysis, bridging the current existing information gap. Each chapter is also documented by references and updated citations. Provides guidance for the selection of the appropriate technologies to industrialists and government authorities for the selection of exact, inexpensive technologies for specific problem solving Discusses the developments of inexpensive and rapid wastewater treatment, remediation and recycling Gives information on the application of analytical techniques, such as GC, LC, IR, and XRF for analysing and measuring water Provides an updated development in water treatment technologies, detailed analysis of their features and economic analysis, enabling to choose a problem-specific solution Completely updates the current knowledge in this field, bridging the current existing information gap

Green Materials for Wastewater Treatment

Green Materials for Wastewater Treatment
A Book

by Mu. Naushad,Eric Lichtfouse

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-03
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 3030177246
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book reviews health hazards associated with wastewater use and water pollutants. Chapters present applications of green materials made of agricultural waste, activated carbon and magnetic materials for wastewater treatment. The removal of toxic metals using algal biomass and the removal of toxic dyes using chitosan composite materials are also discussed. The book includes reviews on the removal of phenols, pesticides, and on the use of ionic liquid-modified activated carbon for the treatment of textile wastewater.

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment
Fundamentals and Applications

by Mihaela I. Stefan

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2017-09-15
  • Pages : 710
  • ISBN : 1780407181
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) rely on the efficient generation of reactive radical species and are increasingly attractive options for water remediation from a wide variety of organic micropollutants of human health and/or environmental concern. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment covers the key advanced oxidation processes developed for chemical contaminant destruction in polluted water sources, some of which have been implemented successfully at water treatment plants around the world. The book is structured in two sections; the first part is dedicated to the most relevant AOPs, whereas the topics covered in the second section include the photochemistry of chemical contaminants in the aquatic environment, advanced water treatment for water reuse, implementation of advanced treatment processes for drinking water production at a state-of-the art water treatment plant in Europe, advanced treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater, and green technologies for water remediation. The advanced oxidation processes discussed in the book cover the following aspects: - Process principles including the most recent scientific findings and interpretation. - Classes of compounds suitable to AOP treatment and examples of reaction mechanisms. - Chemical and photochemical degradation kinetics and modelling. - Water quality impact on process performance and practical considerations on process parameter selection criteria. - Process limitations and byproduct formation and strategies to mitigate any potential adverse effects on the treated water quality. - AOP equipment design and economics considerations. - Research studies and outcomes. - Case studies relevant to process implementation to water treatment. - Commercial applications. - Future research needs. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment presents the most recent scientific and technological achievements in process understanding and implementation, and addresses to anyone interested in water remediation, including water industry professionals, consulting engineers, regulators, academics, students. Editor: Mihaela I. Stefan - Trojan Technologies - Canada

Water Remediation

Water Remediation
A Book

by Shantanu Bhattacharya,Akhilendra Bhushan Gupta,Ankur Gupta,Ashok Pandey

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-12-22
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 9811075514
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the state-of-the-art in the area of water remediation. It covers topics such as decentralized ecological wastewater treatment, applications of remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) in water quality monitoring and remediation, water remediation through nanotechnology, and processes used in water purification. The contents of this volume will prove useful to researchers, students, and policy makers alike.

Water Pollution and Remediation: Organic Pollutants

Water Pollution and Remediation: Organic Pollutants
A Book

by Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Eric Lichtfouse

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2021-04-05
  • Pages : 694
  • ISBN : 9783030523947
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wastewater pollution is a major issue in the context of the future circular economy because all matter should be ultimately reused, calling for efficient depollution techniques. This book present timely reviews on the treatment of wastewater contaminated by organic pollutants, with focus on aerobic granulation and degradation. Organic pollutants include microplastics, phthalates, humic acids, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, pharmaceutical drugs and metabolites, plastics, oil spills, petroleum hydrocarbons, personal care products, tannery waste, dyes and pigments.