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Habitability of the Universe before Earth

Habitability of the Universe before Earth
Astrobiology: Exploring Life on Earth and Beyond (series)

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-12-11
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 0128119411
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Habitability of the Universe before Earth: Astrobiology: Exploring Life on Earth and Beyond (series) examines the times and places—before life existed on Earth—that might have provided suitable environments for life to occur, addressing the question: Is life on Earth de novo, or derived from previous life? The universe changed considerably during the vast epoch between the Big Bang 13.8 billion years ago and the first evidence of life on Earth 4.3 billion years ago, providing significant time and space to contemplate where, when and under what circumstances life might have arisen. No other book covers this cosmic time period from the point of view of its potential for life. The series covers a broad range of topics encompassing laboratory and field research into the origins and evolution of life on Earth, life in extreme environments and the search for habitable environments in our solar system and beyond, including exoplanets, exomoons and astronomical biosignatures. Provides multiple hypotheses on the origin of life and distribution of living organisms in space Explores the diversity of physical environments that may support the origin and evolution of life Integrates contemporary views in biology and cosmology, and provides reasons that life is far more mobile in space than most people expect Includes access to a companion web site featuring supplementary information such as animated computer simulations

Life Beyond Earth

Life Beyond Earth
The Search for Habitable Worlds in the Universe

by Athena Coustenis,Thérèse Encrenaz

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2013-09-12
  • Pages : 287
  • ISBN : 1107026172
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An engaging account of our quest for habitable environments, recounting fascinating recent discoveries and providing insight into future space missions.

How to Build a Habitable Planet

How to Build a Habitable Planet
The Story of Earth from the Big Bang to Humankind - Revised and Expanded Edition

by Charles H. Langmuir,Wally Broecker

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2012-08-13
  • Pages : 736
  • ISBN : 1400841976
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since its first publication more than twenty-five years ago, How to Build a Habitable Planet has established a legendary reputation as an accessible yet scientifically impeccable introduction to the origin and evolution of Earth, from the Big Bang through the rise of human civilization. This classic account of how our habitable planet was assembled from the stuff of stars introduced readers to planetary, Earth, and climate science by way of a fascinating narrative. Now this great book has been made even better. Harvard geochemist Charles Langmuir has worked closely with the original author, Wally Broecker, one of the world's leading Earth scientists, to revise and expand the book for a new generation of readers for whom active planetary stewardship is becoming imperative. Interweaving physics, astronomy, chemistry, geology, and biology, this sweeping account tells Earth’s complete story, from the synthesis of chemical elements in stars, to the formation of the Solar System, to the evolution of a habitable climate on Earth, to the origin of life and humankind. The book also addresses the search for other habitable worlds in the Milky Way and contemplates whether Earth will remain habitable as our influence on global climate grows. It concludes by considering the ways in which humankind can sustain Earth’s habitability and perhaps even participate in further planetary evolution. Like no other book, How to Build a Habitable Planet provides an understanding of Earth in its broadest context, as well as a greater appreciation of its possibly rare ability to sustain life over geologic time. Leading schools that have ordered, recommended for reading, or adopted this book for course use: Arizona State University Brooklyn College CUNY Columbia University Cornell University ETH Zurich Georgia Institute of Technology Harvard University Johns Hopkins University Luther College Northwestern University Ohio State University Oxford Brookes University Pan American University Rutgers University State University of New York at Binghamton Texas A&M University Trinity College Dublin University of Bristol University of California-Los Angeles University of Cambridge University Of Chicago University of Colorado at Boulder University of Glasgow University of Leicester University of Maine, Farmington University of Michigan University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of North Georgia University of Nottingham University of Oregon University of Oxford University of Portsmouth University of Southampton University of Ulster University of Victoria University of Wyoming Western Kentucky University Yale University

Planet Formation and Panspermia

Planet Formation and Panspermia
New Prospects for the Movement of Life Through Space

by Branislav Vukotic,Joseph Seckbach,Richard Gordon

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-09-27
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1119640938
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An in-depth view of the panspermia hypothesis examined against the latest knowledge of planetary formation and related processes. Panspermia is the concept that life can be passively transported through space on various bodies and seed, habitable planets and moons, which we are beginning to learn may exist in large numbers. It is an old idea, but not popular with those who prefer that life on Earth started on Earth, an alternative, also unproven hypothesis. This book updates the concept of panspermia in the light of new evidence on planet formation, molecular clouds, solar system motions, supernovae ejection mechanisms, etc. Thus, it is to be a book about newly understood prospects for the movement of life through space. The novel approach presented in this book gives new insights into the panspermia theory and its connection with planetary formation and the evolution of galaxies. This offers a good starting point for future research proposals about exolife and a better perspective for empirical scrutiny of panspermia theory. Also, the key to understanding life in the universe is to understand that the planetary formation process is convolved with the evolution of stellar systems in their galactic environment. The book provides the synthesis of all these elements and gives the readers an up-to-date insight on how panspermia might fit into the big picture. Audience Given the intrinsic interdisciplinary nature of the panspermia hypothesis the book will have a wide audience across various scientific disciplines covering astronomy, biology, physics and chemistry. Apart from scientists, the book will appeal to engineers who are involved in planning and realization of future space missions.

The Human Cosmos

The Human Cosmos
A Secret History of the Stars

by Jo Marchant

  • Publisher : Canongate Books
  • Release : 2020-09-03
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 178689405X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For most of human history, we have had a close relationship with the stars. Once they shaped our religious beliefs, power structures, scientific advances and even our biology. But over the last few centuries we have separated ourselves from the universe that surrounds us. And it comes at a cost. The Human Cosmos is a tour of this history: from the Hall of the Bulls in Lascaux to Tahitian sailors navigating by the stars; from medieval monks grappling with the nature of time to Einstein realising that space and time are the same. It shows we need to rediscover the universe we inhabit, its effect on our health, and its potential for inspiration and revelation.

Astrobiology

Astrobiology
Understanding Life in the Universe

by Charles S. Cockell

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-05-11
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 1119550351
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide to understanding the formation of life in the Universe The revised and updated second edition of Astrobiology offers an introductory text that explores the structure of living things, the formation of the elements required for life in the Universe, the biological and geological history of the Earth, and the habitability of other planets. Written by a noted expert on the topic, the book examines many of the major conceptual foundations in astrobiology, which cover a diversity of traditional fields including chemistry, biology, geosciences, physics, and astronomy. The book explores many profound questions such as: How did life originate on Earth? How has life persisted on Earth for over three billion years? Is there life elsewhere in the Universe? What is the future of life on Earth? Astrobiology is centered on investigating the past and future of life on Earth by looking beyond Earth to get the answers. Astrobiology links the diverse scientific fields needed to understand life on our own planet and, potentially, life beyond. This new second edition: Expands on information about the nature of astrobiology and why it is useful Contains a new chapter “What is Life?” that explores the history of attempts to understand life Contains 20% more material on the astrobiology of Mars, icy moons, the structure of life, and the habitability of planets New ‘Discussion Boxes’ to stimulate debate and thought about key questions in astrobiology New review and reflection questions for each chapter to aid learning New boxes describing the careers of astrobiologists and how they got into the subject Offers revised and updated information throughout to reflect the latest advances in the field Written for students of life sciences, physics, astronomy and related disciplines, the updated edition of Astrobiology is an essential introductory text that includes recent advances to this dynamic field.

Life in the Universe

Life in the Universe
Expectations and Constraints

by Dirk Schulze-Makuch,Louis N. Irwin

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-19
  • Pages : 343
  • ISBN : 3319976583
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examines each of these parameters in crucial depth and makes the argument that life forms we would recognize may be more common in our solar system than many assume. Considers exotic forms of life that would not have to rely on carbon as the basic chemical element, solar energy as the main energy source, or water as the primary solvent and the question of detecting bio- and geosignatures of such life forms, ranging from earth environments to deep space. Seeks an operational definition of life and investigate the realm of possibilities that nature offers to realize this very special state of matter. Avoids scientific jargon wherever possible to make this intrinsically interdisciplinary subject understandable to a broad range of readers.

Handbook of Astrobiology

Handbook of Astrobiology
A Book

by Vera M. Kolb

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-12-07
  • Pages : 846
  • ISBN : 1351661108
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Read an exclusive interview with Professor Vera Kolb here. Astrobiology is the study of the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life on Earth. This exciting and significant field of research also investigates the potential existence and search for extra-terrestrial life in the Solar System and beyond. This is the first handbook in this burgeoning and interdisciplinary field. Edited by Vera Kolb, a highly respected astrobiologist, this comprehensive resource captures the history and current state of the field. Rich in information and easy to use, it assumes basic knowledge and provides answers to questions from practitioners and specialists in the field, as well as providing key references for further study. Features: Fills an important gap in the market, providing a comprehensive overview of the field Edited by an authority in the subject, with chapters written by experts in the many diverse areas that comprise astrobiology Contains in-depth and broad coverage of an exciting field that will only grow in importance in the decades ahead

Astrobiology and Humanism

Astrobiology and Humanism
Conversations on Science, Philosophy and Theology

by Julian Chela-Flores

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2019-06-13
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN : 1527536009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book reviews the horizons and frontiers of humanism as they interact with the science of life in the universe, now generally known as “astrobiology”. As one of the most important conversations of our time, the existence of life itself raises deep questions that are meaningful to both astrobiology and humanism. The text discusses current disagreements in this intercultural dialogue, which are shown to be solely due to the widespread delusion that the horizons and frontiers of science can be ignored.

Habitability of Other Planets and Satellites

Habitability of Other Planets and Satellites
A Book

by Jean-Pierre de Vera,Joseph Seckbach

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-07-30
  • Pages : 419
  • ISBN : 9400765460
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Is the Earth the right model and the only universal key to understand habitability, the origin and maintenance of life? Are we able to detect life elsewhere in the universe by the existing techniques and by the upcoming space missions? This book tries to give answers by focusing on environmental properties, which are playing a major role in influencing planetary surfaces or the interior of planets and satellites. The book gives insights into the nature of planets or satellites and their potential to harbor life. Different scientific disciplines are searching for the clues to classify planetary bodies as a habitable object and what kind of instruments and what kind of space exploration missions are necessary to detect life. Results from model calculations, field studies and from laboratory studies in planetary simulation facilities will help to elucidate if some of the planets and satellites in our solar system as well as in extra-solar systems are potentially habitable for life.

Diatom Morphogenesis

Diatom Morphogenesis
A Book

by Vadim V. Annenkov,Richard Gordon,Joseph Sechbach

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-11-23
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 1119487951
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There are up to 200,000 species of diatoms, each species of these algal cells bearing an ornate,amorphous silica glass shell. The silica is structured at 7 orders of magnitude size range, and is thus the most complex multiscalar solid structure known. Recent research is beginning to unravel how a single cell marshals chemical, physical, biochemical, genetic, and cytoskeletal processes to produce these single cell marvels. The field of diatom nanotechnology is advancing as this understanding matures. Diatoms have been actively studied over the recent 10-20 years with various modern equipment, experimental and computer simulation approaches, including molecular biology, fluorescence-based methods, electron, confocal and AFM microscopy. This has resulted in a huge amount of information but the key stages of their silica morphogenesis are still not clear. This is the time to reconsider and consolidate the work performed so far and to understand how we can go ahead. The main objective of this book is to describe the actual situation in the science of diatom morphogenesis, to specify the most important unresolved questions and to present the corresponding hypotheses. The following areas are discussed: 1. A tutorial chapter, with a glossary for newcomers to the field, who are often from outside of biology, let alone phycology. 2. Diatom Morphogenesis: general issues, including symmetry and size issues. 3. Diatom Morphogenesis: simulation, including analytical and numerical methods for description of the diatom valve shape and pore structure. 4. Diatom morphogenesis: physiology, biochemistry, and applications, including the relationship between taxonomy and physiology, biosilicification hypotheses, and ideas about applications of diatoms.

Rare Earth

Rare Earth
Why Complex Life is Uncommon in the Universe

by Peter D. Ward,Donald Brownlee

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2007-05-08
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 0387218483
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What determines whether complex life will arise on a planet, or even any life at all? Questions such as these are investigated in this groundbreaking book. In doing so, the authors synthesize information from astronomy, biology, and paleontology, and apply it to what we know about the rise of life on Earth and to what could possibly happen elsewhere in the universe. Everyone who has been thrilled by the recent discoveries of extrasolar planets and the indications of life on Mars and the Jovian moon Europa will be fascinated by Rare Earth, and its implications for those who look to the heavens for companionship.

Diatoms

Diatoms
Fundamentals and Applications

by Joseph Seckbach,Richard Gordon

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-07-01
  • Pages : 690
  • ISBN : 1119370728
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of this new book series (Diatoms: Biology and Applications) is to provide a comprehensive and reliable source of information on diatom biology and applications. The first book of the series, Diatoms Fundamentals & Applications, is wide ranging, starting with the contributions of amateurs and the beauty of diatoms, to details of how their shells are made, how they bend light to their advantage and ours, and major aspects of their biochemistry (photosynthesis and iron metabolism). The book then delves into the ecology of diatoms living in a wide range of habitats, and look at those few that can kill or harm us. The book concludes with a wide range of applications of diatoms, in forensics, manufacturing, medicine, biofuel and agriculture. The contributors are leading international experts on diatoms. This book is for a wide audience researchers, academics, students, and teachers of biology and related disciplines, written to both act as an introduction to diatoms and to present some of the most advanced research on them.

Diatom Gliding Motility

Diatom Gliding Motility
A Book

by Stanley A. Cohn,Kalina M. Manoylov,Richard Gordon

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-09-08
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1119526353
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book will cover a broad range of work describing our current state of understanding on the topic, including: historic knowledge and misconceptions of motility; evolution of diatom motility; diatom ecology & physiology; cell biology and biochemistry of diatom motility, anatomy of motile diatoms; observations of diatom motile behavior; diatom competitive ability, unique forms of diatom motility as found in the genus Eunotia; and Models of Motility. This volume is the first book attempting to gather such information surrounding diatom motility into one volume focusing on this single topic. Readers will be able to gather both the current state of understanding on the potential mechanisms and ecological regulators of motility, as well as possible models and approaches used to help determine how diatoms accomplish such varied behaviors as diurnal movements, accumulation into areas of light, niche partitioning to increase species success. Given the fact that diatoms remain one of the most ecologically crucial cells in aquatic ecosystems, our hope is that this volume will act as a springboard towards future research into diatom motility and even better resolution of some of the issues in motility.

How Did the Universe Originate and when Did the World Become a Habitable Earth?

How Did the Universe Originate and when Did the World Become a Habitable Earth?
The True Answer in the Light of the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures Read Before the National Academy of Theology : Sketches on a Few of the Great Problems of Science, Philosophy, and Theology

by Gottlieb Christopher Henry Hasskarl

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1891
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Student's Guide to Infinite Series and Sequences

A Student's Guide to Infinite Series and Sequences
A Book

by Bernhard W. Bach, Jr.

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2018-05-17
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 1107059828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An informal and practically focused introduction for undergraduate students exploring infinite series and sequences in engineering and the physical sciences. With a focus on practical applications in real world situations, it helps students to conceptualize the theory with real-world examples and to build their skill set.

The Privileged Planet

The Privileged Planet
How Our Place in the Cosmos Is Designed for Discovery

by Guillermo Gonzalez,Jay Wesley Richards

  • Publisher : Regnery Publishing
  • Release : 2004-02-01
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0895260654
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Arguing that life may be rarer than some astronomers and philosophers have said, the author details the delicate balance of factors that make life possible on this planet and reveals the rarity of these conditions in the universe.

How to Find a Habitable Planet

How to Find a Habitable Planet
A Book

by James Kasting

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2012-08-26
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 0691156271
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The amazing science behind the search for Earth-like planets Ever since Carl Sagan first predicted that extraterrestrial civilizations must number in the millions, the search for life on other planets has gripped our imagination. Is Earth so rare that advanced life forms like us—or even the simplest biological organisms—are unique to the universe? How to Find a Habitable Planet describes how scientists are testing Sagan's prediction, and demonstrates why Earth may not be so rare after all. James Kasting has worked closely with NASA in its mission to detect habitable worlds outside our solar system, and in this book he introduces readers to the advanced methodologies being used in this extraordinary quest. He addresses the compelling questions that planetary scientists grapple with today: What exactly makes a planet habitable? What are the signatures of life astronomers should look for when they scan the heavens for habitable worlds? In providing answers, Kasting explains why Earth has remained habitable despite a substantial rise in solar luminosity over time, and why our neighbors, Venus and Mars, haven't. If other Earth-sized planets endowed with enough water and carbon are out there, he argues, chances are good that some of those planets sustain life. Kasting describes the efforts under way to find them, and predicts that future discoveries will profoundly alter our view of the universe and our place in it. This book is a must-read for anyone who has ever dreamed of finding other planets like ours—and perhaps even life like ours—in the cosmos. In a new afterword, Kasting presents some recent breakthroughs in the search for exoplanets and discusses the challenges facing space programs in the near future.

Habitability and Cosmic Catastrophes

Habitability and Cosmic Catastrophes
A Book

by Arnold Hanslmeier

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-11-14
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 3540769455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The search for life in the universe is one of the most challenging topics of science. It is not a modern topic at all, since more than 100 years ago, it was speculated that on the Moon, there are oceans and seas; on Venus, there are swamps and also Mars is inhabitated. However, now we have the scienti?c background and the scienti?c tools to answer this question and it is also certain that the answer would have deep imp- cations for our culture, philosophy, and religions. If we ?nd that life has developed on other planets or satellites of giant planets, then this would be the ?nal breakdown of our central position in the universe. But is life a widespread phenomenon? How vulnerable is it to changing conditions and even catastrophic events? These topics will be discussed in this book. If life is in the extreme case a unique phenomenon found only on planet Earth, which seems to be highly unrealistic, then also it is important to discuss how it is adaptable to changing external conditions. Can we survive a cosmic catastrophe? How do these catastrophes change habitability? Which forms of life are more v- nerable? It was mentioned that now science has made great progress to answer such qu- tions. Let us give some examples. In modern biology, in connection with organic chemistry, the origin of life is studied.

Life Beyond Earth

Life Beyond Earth
The Search for Habitable Worlds in the Universe

by Athena Coustenis,Dr Therese Encrenaz

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013-12-31
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9781306212120
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An engaging account of our quest for habitable environments, recounting fascinating recent discoveries and providing insight into future space missions.