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Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents
A Book

by George Wypych

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-01-13
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 1927885183
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents provides useful guidance to assist practitioners in the more efficient and effective selection of foaming methods and blowing agents. The book focuses on the selection of additives for a diverse range of foaming processes, which can be enhanced using modern chemical means to improve product quality, speed up the process, and broaden the range of products that can be produced using foaming technology. Foamed polymers have many beneficial properties, including lower density, high heat and sound insulation, and shock absorbency. Foamed plastic parts are now a ubiquitous part of everyday life—from food packaging to seat cushions. As the application of foamed polymers expands and diversifies, a variety of foaming techniques and equipment are available to produce very diverse range of products. Foaming methods are generally established, but very little is known about the composition of materials to be processed and the additives to enhance foam products or make the foam production more economical. The book introduces useful analytical techniques for foaming, and thoroughly discusses the environmental impact of foaming processes. Introduces the fundamental mechanisms of action of blowing agents and foaming Includes best practice guidance to help engineers and technicians improve the efficiency of their existing foaming processes Enables practitioners to select blowing agents and foaming methods more effectively, reducing the risk of poor specification Introduces useful analytical techniques for foaming Discusses the environmental impact of foaming processes

Handbook of Polymer Foams

Handbook of Polymer Foams
A Book

by David Eaves

  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release : 2004-01-01
  • Pages : 289
  • ISBN : 1859573886
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Handbook reviews the chemistry, manufacturing methods, properties and applications of the synthetic polymer foams used in most applications. In addition, a chapter is included on the fundamental principles, which apply to all polymer foams. There is also a chapter on the blowing agents used to expand polymers and a chapter is on microcellular foams - a relatively new development where applications are still being explored.

Handbook of Plastic Foams

Handbook of Plastic Foams
Types, Properties, Manufacture and Applications

by Arthur H. Landrock

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1995-12-31
  • Pages : 509
  • ISBN : 0815517653
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is intended to be a source of practical information on all types of plastic foams (cellular plastics) in use, including the new structural plastic foams. Elastomer (rubber-like) foams are also considered. The book is intended primarily for those who require a non-theoretical, authoritative, easy-to-use handbook in the subject area. It should be of value to materials engineers, plastics fabricators, chemists, chemical engineers and students. Recognized authorities have written several chapters and parts of chapters in their fields of expertise. The book is organized in such a way that information on a desired subject can be found rapidly. An unusual feature is a comprehensive listing of all known standardization documents (test methods, practices, and specifications), including some international standards. Each document includes a brief description of its contents.

Handbook of Polymeric Foams and Foam Technology

Handbook of Polymeric Foams and Foam Technology
A Book

by Daniel Klempner,Roza M. Aseeva,Vahid Sendijarevic

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN : 9783446218314
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Industrial Polyethylene and Technology

Handbook of Industrial Polyethylene and Technology
Definitive Guide to Manufacturing, Properties, Processing, Applications and Markets Set

by Mark A. Spalding,Ananda Chatterjee

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-10-26
  • Pages : 1410
  • ISBN : 1119159776
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook provides an exhaustive description of polyethylene. The 50+ chapters are written by some of the most experienced and prominent authors in the field, providing a truly unique view of polyethylene. The book starts with a historical discussion on how low density polyethylene was discovered and how it provided unique opportunities in the early days. New catalysts are presented and show how they created an expansion in available products including linear low density polyethylene, high density polyethylene, copolymers, and polyethylene produced from metallocene catalysts. With these different catalysts systems a wide range of structures are possible with an equally wide range of physical properties. Numerous types of additives are presented that include additives for the protection of the resin from the environment and processing, fillers, processing aids, anti-fogging agents, pigments, and flame retardants. Common processing methods including extrusion, blown film, cast film, injection molding, and thermoforming are presented along with some of the more specialized processing techniques such as rotational molding, fiber processing, pipe extrusion, reactive extrusion, wire and cable, and foaming processes. The business of polyethylene including markets, world capacity, and future prospects are detailed. This handbook provides the most current and complete technology assessments and business practices for polyethylene resins.

Handbook of Foamed Plastics

Handbook of Foamed Plastics
A Book

by Rene J. Bender

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1965
  • Pages : 339
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymeric Foams

Polymeric Foams
Mechanisms and Materials

by Shau-Tarng Lee,N. S. Ramesh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2004-05-27
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 1135499748
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the inaugural volume a series entitled Polymeric Foams: Technology and Applications. Generally, thermoplastic and thermoset foams have been treated as two separate practices in industry. Polymeric Foams: Mechanisms and Materials presents the basics of foaming in general build a strong foundation to those working in both thermoplastic a

Solar Heating Materials Handbook

Solar Heating Materials Handbook
Environmental and Safety Considerations for Selection

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyurethane and Related Foams

Polyurethane and Related Foams
Chemistry and Technology

by Kaneyoshi Ashida

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2006-09-22
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN : 0203505999
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyurethane and Related Foams: Chemistry and Technology is an in-depth examination of the current preparation, processing, and applications of polyurethanes (PURs) and other polymer foams. Drawing attention to novel raw materials, alternative blowing agents, and new processing methods, the book accentuates recent innovations that meet increasingly stringent environmental and fire safety regulations as well as higher quality products. Written by Dr. Kaneyoshi Ashida, a renowned pioneer of polyisocyanurate (PIR) foams, the book details the fundamental chemistry and material properties for each category of foams. The author presents mechanisms for chemical modification and foaming reactions, emphasizing the relationship between molecular design and enhanced physical properties. The latter half of the book focuses on polyurethane foams, the largest segment of the polyisocyanate-based foam industry. It contains a fully updated description of the chemistry, raw materials, manufacturing, formulations, analyses, and testing involved in producing a wide variety of progressive applications, including building materials. This book chronicles the scientific and technological evolution of preparation and processing methods for polyisocyanate-based foams. Polyurethane and Related Foams: Chemistry and Technology offers a clear and concise guide to the technologies, methods, and best practices that help the foam industry meet higher quality, health, and environmental standards.

Szycher's Handbook of Polyurethanes, First Edition

Szycher's Handbook of Polyurethanes, First Edition
A Book

by Michael Szycher, Ph.D

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1999-04-23
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN : 9780849306020
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Polyurethanes serves as the first source of information of useful polymers. This new book thoroughly covers the entire spectrum of polyurethanes - from current technology to buyer's information. Discussions include: block and heteroblock systems rubber plasticity structure-property relations microphase separation catalysis of isocyanate reactions synthesis of polyurethanes for thermoplastics, thermosets, and curable compositions by either heat or U.V. energy biomedical applications of urethane elastomers castables, sealants, and caulking compounds flexible and semi-flexible foams health and safety This handbook compiles data from many sources, exhaustively illustrating the complex principles involved in polyurethane chemistry and technology. Handbook of Polyurethanes represents invaluable information for corporations, universities, or independent inventors.

Handbook of Nucleating Agents

Handbook of Nucleating Agents
A Book

by George Wypych

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-01-25
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0323898947
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analyzes the existing literature and provides guidance on optimal selection of nucleating agents in order to increase production rates, improve the mechanical performance, and reduce the haze of polymeric products

Blowing Agents and Foaming Processes 2006

Blowing Agents and Foaming Processes 2006
Munich, Germany, 16-17 May 2006

by Anonim

  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9781859575758
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This 8th international conference was dedicated to the critical role of blowing agents in foamed plastics and rubber. Foamed materials are being enhanced to replace dense solid polymers, reducing weight and costs. Chemical & environmental legislation is constantly changing and the foams industry is adapting to meet demands. Do you know about the latest developments? If you are working with polymer foams and need to be at the cutting edge of research, these conference proceedings are for you.

Databook of Blowing and Auxiliary Agents

Databook of Blowing and Auxiliary Agents
A Book

by George Wypych

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-01-12
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN : 1927885205
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Databook of Blowing and Auxiliary Agents examines the chemical compounds used in the manufacture of blowing and auxiliary agents, and commercial products, with a range of data sources utilized. Foamed polymers have many beneficial properties, including lower density, high heat and sound insulation, and shock absorbency. Foamed plastic parts are now a ubiquitous part of everyday life—from food packaging to seat cushions. As the application of foamed polymers expands and diversifies, a variety of foaming techniques and equipment are available to produce a diverse range of products. The methods of foaming are generally established, but very little is known about the composition of materials to be processed and additives to enhance foam products and make foam production more economical. Over 100 different data fields are provided, from general information such as molecular structure and formula, to physical properties, health and safety information, ecological properties, and recommendations regarding appropriate use and performance of each agent. This databook is an essential resource for engineers, technicians, and materials scientists who need to specify blowing or auxiliary agents. It provides trustworthy and up-to-date data applicable to a range of industries such as construction, automotive, food packaging, and more. Enables plastics practitioners to more efficiently select the correct foaming or blowing agent for a given application Includes 100 data fields for each agent, including physical properties, health and safety information, ecological properties, and specific usage recommendations Contains data on the most important agents currently in use—both commercial products and the chemical compounds used for manufacture of the agents

Plastics Technology Handbook

Plastics Technology Handbook
A Book

by Manas Chanda

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-11-07
  • Pages : 1012
  • ISBN : 1498786227
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Updated throughout to reflect advances over the last decade, the Fifth Edition continues the handbook’s tradition of authoritative coverage of fundamentals, production methods, properties, and applications of plastics and polymer-based materials. It covers tooling for plastics fabrication processes, thermoplastics, thermosetting plastics, foamed plastics, reinforced plastics, plastisols, and new developments in mold design. It also discusses rubber compounding and processing technologies. More recent developments in polymer fabrication and processing, including electrospinning, electrografted coating, polymer-metal hybrid joining, flex printing, and rapid prototyping/ 3D printing, are also presented. The handbook highlights advanced materials including natural and synthetic gfnanosize polymers, their unusual properties, and innovative applications, as well as polymer-carbon nanocomposites, graphene-based polymer nanocomposites, smart healable polymer composites, smart polymer coatings, electroactive polymers, polymer nanomaterials, and novel nano-/microfibrillar polymer composites. It offers updates on polymer solar battery development, plastics recycling and disposal methods, new concepts of "upcycling" and single-polymer composites, renewable synthetic polymers, biodegradable plastics and composites, and toxicity of plastics. The book also provides an overview of new developments in polymer applications in various fields including packaging, building and construction, corrosion prevention and control, automotive, aerospace applications, electrical and electronic applications, agriculture and horticulture, domestic appliances and business machines, medical and biomedical applications, marine and offshore applications, and sports.

DOE Facilities Solar Design Handbook

DOE Facilities Solar Design Handbook
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 169
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Blowing Agents and Foaming Processes 2007

Blowing Agents and Foaming Processes 2007
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9781847350152
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This ninth international conference has seen contributions over the years from academia, processors, materials suppliers and end users. Addressing the key issues for this ever expanding and highly competitive market, which has grown this conference into the well established event that it is today. The conference was dedicated to the critical role of blowing agents in foamed plastics and rubber. Foamed materials are being enhanced to replace dense solid polymers, reducing weight and costs. Chemical and environmental legislation is constantly changing and the foam industry is adapting to meet demands. The proceedings include papers from industry leaders such as BASF AG, Solvay, 3M Europe, Zotefoams plc and Trexel GmbH and will appeal to those involved in the formulation and application of blowing agents and techniques to produce expanded or foamed polymer substrates.

Additives for Plastics Handbook

Additives for Plastics Handbook
A Book

by J. Murphy

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2001-11-22
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 9780080498614
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Both technically and economically, additives form a large and increasingly significant part of the polymer industry, both plastics and elastomers. Since the first edition of this book was published, there have been wide-ranging developments, covering chemistry and formulation of new and more efficient additive systems and the safer use of additives, both by processors in the factory and, in the wider field, as they affect the general public. This new edition follows the successful formula of its predecessor, it provides a comprehensive view of all types of additives, concentrating mainly on their technical aspects (chemistry/formulation, structure, function, main applications) with notes on the commercial background of each. The field has been expanded to include any substance that is added to a polymer to improve its use, so including reinforcing materials (such as glass fibre), carbon black and titanium dioxide. This is a book which has been planned for ease of use and the information is presented in a way which is appropriate to the users' needs.

Injection Molding Handbook

Injection Molding Handbook
The Complete Molding Operation: Technology, Performance, Economics

by Donald V. Rosato,D.V. Rosato

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 1145
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is an extensively revised and reorganized edition of the acknowledged standard work in the field of injection molding.

Szycher's Handbook of Polyurethanes, Second Edition

Szycher's Handbook of Polyurethanes, Second Edition
A Book

by Michael Szycher, Ph.D

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-07-13
  • Pages : 1144
  • ISBN : 1439839581
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A practical handbook rather than merely a chemistry reference, Szycher's Handbook of Polyurethanes, Second Edition offers an easy-to-follow compilation of crucial new information on polyurethane technology, which is irreplaceable in a wide range of applications. This new edition of a bestseller is an invaluable reference for technologists, marketers, suppliers, and academicians who require cutting-edge, commercially valuable data on the most advanced uses for polyurethane, one of the most important and complex specialty polymers. internationally recognized expert Dr. Michael Szycher updates his bestselling industry "bible" With seven entirely new chapters and five that are revised and updated, this book summarizes vital contents from U.S. patent literature—one of the most comprehensive sources of up-to-date technical information. These patents illustrate the most useful technology discovered by corporations, universities, and independent inventors. Because of the wealth of information they contain, this handbook features many full-text patents, which are carefully selected to best illustrate the complex principles involved in polyurethane chemistry and technology. Features of this landmark reference include: Hundreds of practical formulations Discussion of the polyurethane history, key terms, and commercial importance An in-depth survey of patent literature Useful stoichiometric calculations The latest "green" chemistry applications A complete assessment of medical-grade polyurethane technology Not biased toward any one supplier’s expertise, this special reference uses a simplified language and layout and provides extensive study questions after each chapter. It presents rich technical and historical descriptions of all major polyurethanes and updated sections on medical and biological applications. These features help readers better understand developmental, chemical, application, and commercial aspects of the subject.

Polymer Foams Handbook

Polymer Foams Handbook
Engineering and Biomechanics Applications and Design Guide

by Nigel Mills

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2007-03-23
  • Pages : 562
  • ISBN : 9780080475448
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From crash helmets to packaging, this is the complete guide to understanding, selecting, processing and working with polymer foams.