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Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Handbook of Membrane Reactors
Reactor Types and Industrial Applications

by Angelo Basile

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-04-04
  • Pages : 968
  • ISBN : 0857097342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Membrane reactors are increasingly replacing conventional separation, process and conversion technologies across a wide range of applications. Exploiting advanced membrane materials, they offer enhanced efficiency, are very adaptable and have great economic potential. There has therefore been increasing interest in membrane reactors from both the scientific and industrial communities, stimulating research and development. The two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors draw on this research to provide an authoritative review of this important field. Volume 2 reviews reactor types and industrial applications, beginning in part one with a discussion of selected types of membrane reactor and integration of the technology with industrial processes. Part two goes on to explore the use of membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production from fossil fuels. Electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors are the focus of part three, before part four considers the use of membrane reactors in environmental engineering, biotechnology and medicine. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of the economic aspects of membrane reactors. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors provide an authoritative guide for membrane reactor researchers and materials scientists, chemical and biochemical manufacturers, industrial separations and process engineers, and academics in this field. Discusses integration of membrane technology with industrial processes Explores the use of membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production from fossil fuels Considers electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors

Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Handbook of Membrane Reactors
Fundamental Materials Science, Design and Optimisation

by Angelo Basile

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN : 0857097334
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Membrane reactors are increasingly replacing conventional separation, process and conversion technologies across a wide range of applications. Exploiting advanced membrane materials, they offer enhanced efficiency, are very adaptable and have great economic potential. There has therefore been increasing interest in membrane reactors from both the scientific and industrial communities, stimulating research and development. The two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors draw on this research to provide an authoritative review of this important field. Volume 1 explores fundamental materials science, design and optimisation, beginning with a review of polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors in part one. Polymeric and nanocomposite membranes for membrane reactors, inorganic membrane reactors for hydrogen production, palladium-based composite membranes and alternatives to palladium-based membranes for hydrogen separation in membrane reactors are all discussed. Part two goes on to investigate zeolite, ceramic and carbon membranes and catalysts for membrane reactors in more depth. Finally, part three explores membrane reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation, including the use of mathematical modelling, computational fluid dynamics, artificial neural networks and non-equilibrium thermodynamics to analyse varied aspects of membrane reactor design and production enhancement. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors provide an authoritative guide for membrane reactor researchers and materials scientists, chemical and biochemical manufacturers, industrial separations and process engineers, and academics in this field. Considers polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors Discusses cereamic and carbon for membrane reactors in detail Reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation is also discussed

Handbook of Membrane Separations

Handbook of Membrane Separations
Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications

by Anil K. Pabby,Syed S.H. Rizvi,Ana Maria Sastre Requena

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-07-07
  • Pages : 1184
  • ISBN : 0849395496
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, and Biotechnological Applications provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies as they have evolved over the past decades. To provide a basic understanding of membrane technology, this book documents the developments dealing with these technologies. It explores chemical, pharmaceutical, food processing and biotechnological applications of membrane processes ranging from selective separation to solvent and material recovery. This text also presents in-depth knowledge of membrane separation mechanisms, transport models, membrane permeability computations, membrane types and modules, as well as membrane reactors.

Handbook of Membrane Reactors (Two Volume Set)

Handbook of Membrane Reactors (Two Volume Set)
A Book

by Angelo Basile

  • Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
  • Release : 2013-04-04
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN : 9781782421368
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Membrane reactors (MRs) exploit advanced membrane materials to replace conventional industrial technologies across a wide range of applications, offering enhanced efficiency, adaptability and economic potential. There has therefore been increasing interest in membrane reactors from both the scientific and industrial communities, stimulating research and development. The two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors draw on this research to provide an authoritative review of this important field. Volume one explores fundamental materials science, design and optimisation, beginning with a consideration of polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors in part one. Part two then goes on to investigate zeolite, ceramic and carbon membranes and catalysts for membrane reactors in more depth. Finally, part three explores membrane reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation. Volume two reviews reactor types and industrial applications, beginning in part one with a discussion of selected types of membrane reactor. Part two goes on to explore the use of membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production. Electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors are the focus of part three, before part four considers the use of membrane reactors in environmental engineering, biotechnology and medicine. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of the economic aspects of membrane reactors. Considers polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors Discusses cereamic and carbon for membrane reactors in detail Reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation is also discussed

Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Handbook of Membrane Reactors
A Book

by Angelo Basile

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume 1 of the handbook reviews MR materials science, engineering and design. Initial sections review advanced and novel materials utilised in MRs. The volume concludes with a section detailing advanced modelling, simulation and optimisation techniques for MRs.

Handbook of Membrane Separations

Handbook of Membrane Separations
Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications, Second Edition

by Anil Kumar Pabby,Syed S.H. Rizvi,Ana Maria Sastre Requena

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2015-04-09
  • Pages : 878
  • ISBN : 1466555580
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications, Second Edition provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies from an international team of experts. The handbook fills an important gap in the current literature by providing a comprehensive discussion of membrane application

Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production

Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production
A Book

by Angelo Basile,Luisa Di Paola,Faisal Hai,Vincenzo Piemonte

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-02-10
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN : 1782422277
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production presents a discussion of the increasing interest in membrane reactors that has emerged in recent years from both the scientific and industrial communities, in particular their usage for energy applications and basic chemical production. Part One of the text investigates membrane reactors for syngas and hydrogen production, while Part Two examines membrane reactors for other energy applications, including biodiesel and bioethanol production. The final section of the book reviews the use of membrane reactors in basic chemical production, including discussions of the use of MRs in ammonia production and the dehydrogenation of alkanes to alkenes. Provides comprehensive coverage of membrane reactors as presented by a world-renowned team of experts Includes discussions of the use of membrane reactors in ammonia production and the dehydrogenation of alkanes to alkenes Tackles the use of membrane reactors in syngas, hydrogen, and basic chemical production Keen focus placed on the industry, particularly in the use of membrane reactor technologies in energy

Membrane Reactor Engineering

Membrane Reactor Engineering
Applications for a Greener Process Industry

by Angelo Basile,Marcello De Falco,Gabriele Centi,Gaetano Iaquaniello

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-08-22
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 1118906829
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Uniquely focussed on the engineering aspects of membrane reactors Provides tools for analysis with specific regard to sustainability Applications include water treatment, wastewater recycling, desalination, biorefineries, agro-food production Membrane reactors can bring energy saving, reduced environmental impact and lower operating costs

Handbook of Advanced Ceramics

Handbook of Advanced Ceramics
Chapter 4.1. Hydrogen-Production Technologies Using Amorphous Silica Membranes

by Kazuki Akamatsu,Shin-ichi Nakao

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-04-11
  • Pages : 1258
  • ISBN : 0128057181
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Inorganic Membrane Reactors

Inorganic Membrane Reactors
Fundamentals and Applications

by Xiaoyao Tan,Kang Li

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-03-02
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1118672550
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Membrane reactors combine membrane functions such as separation, reactant distribution, and catalyst support with chemical reactions in a single unit. The benefits of this approach include enhanced conversion, increased yield, and selectivity, as well as a more compact and cost-effect design of reactor system. Hence, membrane reactors are an effective route toward chemical process intensification. This book covers all types of porous membrane reactors, including ceramic, silica, carbon, zeolite, and dense metallic reactors such as Pd or Pd-alloy, oxygen ion-conducting, and proton-conducting ceramics. For each type of membrane reactor, the membrane transport principles, membrane fabrication, configuration and operation of membrane reactors, and their current and potential applications are described comprehensively. A summary of the critical issues and hurdles for each membrane reaction process is also provided, with the aim of encouraging successful commercial applications. The audience for Inorganic Membrane Reactors includes advanced students, industrial and academic researchers, and engineers with an interest in membrane reactors.

Handbook of Industrial Membrane Technology

Handbook of Industrial Membrane Technology
A Book

by Mark C. Porter

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This handbook emphasizes the use of sythetic membranes for separations involving industrial or municipal process streams. Discussions on theory, engineering aspects, membrane preparation, and typical and projected applications of the various membrane processes are included.

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes
Membranes in Environmental Applications

by Angelo Basile,Alberto Figoli,Yongdan Li

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-27
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 0128173009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Current Trends and Future Developments in (Bio-) Membranes: Membranes in Environmental Applications offers an overview of environmental pollution, covering the air, water, waste from agriculture and climate change, and including emerging offenders such as microplastics and electronic waste which can be solved by conventional and advanced membrane techniques. Chapters cover environmental pollution issues followed by specific membrane processes, problems related to environmental pollution, and the different techniques used for solving these problems. For each pollutant, such as CO2 and fuel, water and wastewater, waste from agriculture, etc., specific membrane processes are described. Users will find a comprehensive overview on the environmental problems that influence climate change and aquatic/water preservation, CO2 emission and air pollution, metals, toxic pollutants in water, wastewater problems and treatments, and more. Presents an overview on the interconnections between membrane technology and environmental issues Provides a comprehensive review of the environmental pollution issues tackled by membrane processes Addresses key issues in energy production from renewable sources

Functional Nanostructured Membranes

Functional Nanostructured Membranes
A Book

by Enrico Drioli,Lidietta Giorno,Annarosa Gugliuzza

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-12-07
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 1351135104
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A membrane is considered the heart of every separation process because it is developed as a nanostructured/nanofunctionalized thin barrier that controls the exchange between two phases, not only by external forces and under the effect of fluid properties, but also through the intrinsic characteristics of the membrane material itself. This book compiles cutting-edge research in membrane science, nanomaterials, and nanotechnologies, mainly from interdisciplinary research groups at the Institute on Membrane Technology, National Research Council (ITM-CNR), Italy, working on membrane design, membrane process engineering, and selected materials and practices for enhanced transport mass, charge, and energy. It covers topics on the design of new nanostructured membranes with improved properties, together with the identification of efficient transport–property relationships. It shares and strengthens the knowledge of making membrane technology a much more powerful and eco-friendly route, enabling one to provide prospective solutions and benefits for numerous fields of applications where traditional separation technologies suffer from many deficiencies. It is a great reference for researchers and investigators; graduate, PhD, and postgraduate students; and end users interested in membrane science and technology, nanomaterials, eco-friendly separation, chemistry, biology, and process engineering.

Pervaporation, Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation

Pervaporation, Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation
Principles and Applications

by Angelo Basile,Alberto Figoli,Mohamed Khayet

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-02-07
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1782422560
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Vapour permeation and membrane distillation are two emerging membrane technologies for the production of vapour as permeate, which, in addition to well-established pervaporation technology, are of increasing interest to academia and industry. As efficient separation and concentration processes, they have high potential for use in the energy, water, chemical, food and pharmaceutical sectors. Part One begins by covering the fundamentals, preparation and characterization of pervaporation, before going on to outline the associated systems and applications. State of the art uses, future trends and next generation pervaporation are then discussed. Part Two then explores the preparation, characterization, systems and applications of membranes for vapour permeation, followed by modelling and the new generation of vapour permeation membranes. Finally, Part Three outlines the fundamentals of membrane distillation and its applications in integrated systems, before the book concludes with a view of the next generation. Explores three emerging membrane technologies that produce vapour as a permeate. Looks at the fundamentals, applications, state of the art uses and next generation of each technology. Provides an authoritative guide for chemical engineers and academic researchers interested in membrane technologies for desalination, process water/steam treatment, water purification, VOCs removal and other aspects of pollution control, industrial process chemistry, renewable energy production or separation and concentration in the food/pharmaceutical industries.

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment
Materials, Processes and Applications

by Angelo Basile,Alfredo Cassano,Navin K Rastogi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-02-28
  • Pages : 666
  • ISBN : 1782421262
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment: Materials, Processes and Applications provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes, which are increasingly seen as effective replacements for a range of conventional water treatment methods. The text begins with reviews of novel membrane materials and advances in membrane operations, then examines the processes involved with improving membrane performance. Final chapters cover the application of membrane technologies for use in water treatment, with detailed discussions on municipal wastewater and reuse in the textile and paper industries. Provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes Coverage includes advancements in membrane materials, improvement in membrane performance, and their applications in water treatment Discusses the use of membrane technologies in the production of drinking water, desalination, wastewater treatment, and recovery

Membranes for Clean and Renewable Power Applications

Membranes for Clean and Renewable Power Applications
A Book

by A Gugliuzza,Angelo Basile

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2014-03-31
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN : 0857098659
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The development and deployment of membrane technologies continues to advance thanks to innovative materials and novel engineering approaches. Membranes for clean and renewable power applications introduces the principles and concepts of membrane technology and explores the use of this technology in clean energy applications. Chapters in part one introduce the utilization of membrane technology in the production of clean and renewable power and the combining of membrane processes with renewable energy technologies. Part two focusses on membranes for biofuel production and processing including membranes and membrane reactors for the production of biodiesel and second generation biofuels. Part three discusses membranes for syngas, hydrogen and oxygen production and processing. Chapters highlight steam reforming of biofuels for the production of hydrogen-rich gas A., perovskite membrane reactors, and environmental analysis of hydrogen-methane blends for transportation. Chapters in part four explore membranes for fuel cells including ceramic membranes for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), microbial fuel cells, and direct bioethanol fuel cells. Finally, part five discusses membranes integrated with solar, wind energy and water-related applications including membrane technologies for solar-hydrogen production, solar-desalination plants, and the storage as methane of energy generated by wind power and other renewable sources. A final chapter introduces wastewater processing, energy conservation and energy generation. Membranes for clean and renewable power applications is a comprehensive resource for professionals and consultants in the clean and renewable energy industry, membrane and materials scientists and professionals, and academics and researchers in the field. Introduces the principles and concepts of membrane technology and explores the use of this technology in clean energy applications

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants
A Book

by Naoki Soneda

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-09-01
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0857096478
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) contain the fuel and therefore the reaction at the heart of nuclear power plants. They are a life-determining structural component: if they suffer serious damage, the continued operation of the plant is in jeopardy. This book critically reviews irradiation embrittlement, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPV steels, and mitigation routes for managing the RPV lifetime. Part I reviews RPV design and fabrication in different countries, with an emphasis on the materials required, their important properties, and manufacturing technologies. Part II then considers RVP embrittlement in operational nuclear power plants using different reactors. Chapters are devoted to embrittlement in light-water reactors, including WWER-type reactors and Magnox reactors. Finally, Part III presents techniques for studying embrittlement, including irradiation simulation techniques, microstructural characterisation techniques, and probabilistic fracture mechanics. Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants provides a thorough review of an issue that is central to the safety of nuclear power generation. The book includes contributions from an international team of experts, and will be a useful resource for nuclear plant operators and managers, relevant regulatory and safety bodies, nuclear metallurgists and other academics in this field Discusses reactor pressure vessel (RPV) design and the effect irradiation embrittlement can have, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPVs Examines embrittlement processes in RPVs in different reactor types, as well as techniques for studying RPV embrittlement

Small Modular Reactors

Small Modular Reactors
Nuclear Power Fad or Future?

by Daniel T Ingersoll

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-11-20
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 0081002688
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is currently significant interest in the development of small modular reactors (SMRs) for the generation of both electricity and process heat. SMRs offer potential benefits in terms of better affordability and enhanced safety, and can also be sited more flexibly than traditional nuclear plants. Small Modular Reactors: Nuclear Power Fad or Future? reviews SMR features, promises, and problems, also discussing what lies ahead for reactors of this type. The book is organized into three major parts with the first part focused on the role of energy, especially nuclear energy, for global development. It also provides a brief history of SMRs. The second major part presents basic nuclear power plant terminology and then discusses in depth the attributes of SMRs that distinguish them from traditional nuclear plants. The third and final major section discusses the current interest in SMRs from a customer’s perspective and delineates several remaining hurdles that must be addressed to achieve wide-spread SMR deployment. Provides decision-makers in governments, business, and research with the needed background on small nuclear power and an overview of the current situation Presents a balanced discussion of the many advantages of SMRs and the challenges they face Written by a highly respected expert in the nuclear industry

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology
Volume 2: In Situ Characterization Techniques for Low Temperature Fuel Cells

by Christoph Hartnig,Christina Roth

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-02-20
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 085709548X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) technology are promising forms of low-temperature electrochemical power conversion technologies that operate on hydrogen and methanol respectively. Featuring high electrical efficiency and low operational emissions, they have attracted intense worldwide commercialization research and development efforts. These R&D efforts include a major drive towards improving materials performance, fuel cell operation and durability. In situ characterization is essential to improving performance and extending operational lifetime through providing information necessary to understand how fuel cell materials perform under operational loads. Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology, Volume 2 details in situ characterization, including experimental and innovative techniques, used to understand fuel cell operational issues and materials performance. Part I reviews enhanced techniques for characterization of catalyst activities and processes, such as X-ray absorption and scattering, advanced microscopy and electrochemical mass spectrometry. Part II reviews characterization techniques for water and fuel management, including neutron radiography and tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and Raman spectroscopy. Finally, Part III focuses on locally resolved characterization methods, from transient techniques and electrochemical microscopy, to laser-optical methods and synchrotron radiography. With its international team of expert contributors, Polymer electrolyte membrane and direct methanol fuel cell technology will be an invaluable reference for low temperature fuel cell designers and manufacturers, as well as materials science and electrochemistry researchers and academics. Polymer electrolyte membrane and direct methanol fuel cell technology is an invaluable reference for low temperature fuel cell designers and manufacturers, as well as materials science and electrochemistry researchers and academics. Details in situ characterisation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), including the experimental and innovative techniques used to understand fuel cell operational issues and materials performance Examines enhanced techniques for characterisation of catalyst activities and processes, such as X-ray absorption and scattering, advanced microscopy and electrochemical mass spectrometry Reviews characterisation techniques for water and fuel management, including neutron radiography and tomography, and comprehensively covers locally resolved characterisation methods, from transient techniques to laser-optical methods

Membrane Handbook

Membrane Handbook
A Book

by Winston Ho,Kamalesh Sirkar

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 954
  • ISBN : 1461535484
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Membrane processes have wide industrial ap This handbook reviews the published litera plications covering many existing and emerging ture, presents an in-depth description of com uses in the chemical, petrochemical, petroleum, mercialized membrane processes, and gives a state-of-the-art review of new membrane pro environmental, water treatment, pharmaceutic al, medical, food, dairy, beverage, paper, tex cess concepts under development. It is intended tile, and electronic industries. The existing ap to be a single source of underlying principles, membranes, membrane modules, process de plications include: (1) dialysis for the purifica tion of human blood (the artificial kidney), (2) sign, applications, and cost estimates. It is also electrodialysis for the desalination of brackish a first attempt to bridge the gap between the water to produce potable water, (3) reverse theory and practice. osmosis for the desalination of seawater, (4) There are several groups which may benefit ultrafiltration for the concentration of large pro from this handbook. It can be used as educa tein molecules from cheese, casein whey, and tional material for industrial personnel engaged milk, and (5) microfiltration for the sterilization in membrane separations. For scientists and of pharmaceutical and medical products, beer, engineers active in research and development in wine, and soft drinks. Since membrane pro synthetic membranes, it will serve as a single cesses generally have low capital investment, as source of reference for the entire field.