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Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques
A Book

by Pier A. de Groot

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2004-10-27
  • Pages : 1258
  • ISBN : 9780080533278
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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(Parent with price) Volume I contains subjective reviews, specialized and novel technique descriptions by guest authors. Part 1 includes contributions on purely analytical techniques and Part 2 includes matters such as development of mass spectrometers, stability of ion sources, standards and calibration, correction procedures and experimental methods to obtain isotopic fractionation factors. Volume II will be available in 2005.

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques
A Book

by Pier A. de Groot

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-11-10
  • Pages : 1398
  • ISBN : 0080930115
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This two-volume reference serves as a handbook containing a wealth of information for all isotope chemists working in a wide range of disciplines including anthropology to ecology; drug detection methodology to toxicology; nutrition to food science; and the atmospheric sciences to geochemistry. Complementing the first volume, Volume II includes matters that are not strictly confined to the analytical techniques themselves, but relate to analysis of stable isotopes, such as the views on the development of mass spectrometers, isotopic scales, standards and references, and directives for setting up a laboratory. ALSO AVAILABLE: Volume I: Dec. 2004, 0444511148/9780444511140, $176.00 Volume I and II (set): Oct. 2007, 0444511164/9780444511164, $205.00 * Presents an encyclopedic overview of stable isotope analytical techniques in an objective way * Includes descriptions of methods and diagrams of analytical devices * Addresses how older techniques formed the basis for present-day techniques, which can be useful in constructing modern analytical systems * Completments Volume I of the set

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques
A Book

by Pier Anne de Groot

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9780444511140
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques
A Book

by Pier Anne de Groot

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9780444511140
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stable Isotope Techniques in the Study of Biological Processes and Functioning of Ecosystems

Stable Isotope Techniques in the Study of Biological Processes and Functioning of Ecosystems
A Book

by M.J. Unkovich,J.S. Pate,A. McNeill,J. Gibbs

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-14
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN : 940159841X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the last two decades technological advances in isotope ratio mass spectrometry have been very rapid, opening up new possibilities for analysis of biological and environmental materials. The new instrumentation has facilitated faster analysis of samples via automated sample preparation and multi-isotope analysis of single samples, resulting in considerable cost savings, and enabling access to isotope analysis for many more researchers. These changes are reflected in the rapidly growing international literature on stable isotopes. While there have been some excellent books and review papers aimed at interpreting isotope signals in biology and environmental science, there have been fewer attempts to provide practical tools for researchers making forays into this exciting new arena. This book aims to address this inadequacy by providing a set of practical guidelines for the application of a range of novel and well proven stable isotope techniques to the fields of plant physiological ecology, agriculture, marine ecology and palaeoecology. The book is the outcome of a weeklong workshop held under the auspices of the Cooperative Research Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture (CLIMA 1992 - 2000) at The University of Western Australia and the CSIRO Floreat Laboratories, Perth, Western Australia, in February 1999. The workshop was designed to provide practical tools and experiences for researchers and students concerned with how one goes about using stable isotopes in field investigations.

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry
A Book

by Mark Baskaran

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-10-13
  • Pages : 951
  • ISBN : 9783642106378
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applications of radioactive and stable isotopes have revolutionized our understanding of the Earth and near-earth surface processes. The utility of the isotopes are ever-increasing and our sole focus is to bring out the applications of these isotopes as tracers and chronometers to a wider audience so that they can be used as powerful tools to solve environmental problems. New developments in this field remain mostly in peer-reviewed journal articles and hence our goal is to synthesize these findings for easy reference for students, faculty, regulators in governmental and non-governmental agencies, and environmental companies. While this volume maintains its rigor in terms of its depth of knowledge and quantitative information, it contains the breadth needed for wide variety problems and applications in the environmental sciences. This volume presents all of the newer and older applications of isotopes pertaining to the environmental problems in one place that is readily accessible to readers. This book not only has the depth and rigor that is needed for academia, but it has the breadth and case studies to illustrate the utility of the isotopes in a wide variety of environments (atmosphere, oceans, lakes, rivers and streams, terrestrial environments, and sub-surface environments) and serves a large audience, from students and researchers, regulators in federal, state and local governments, and environmental companies.

Principles and Practice of Analytical Techniques in Geosciences

Principles and Practice of Analytical Techniques in Geosciences
A Book

by Kliti Grice

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2014-08-27
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 1782623051
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The pace of revolution in analytical chemistry in the field of Geosciences has been dramatic over recent decades and includes fundamental developments that have become common place in many related and unrelated disciplines. The analytical tools (nano to macro-scale from stable to radioactive isotopes, compound specific sulfur isotopes) used have been applied to wide-ranging applications from inorganic to organic geochemistry, biodiversity and chronological tools, to build an understanding of how the Earth system evolved to its present state. This book will provide an essential guide to exploring the earth’s natural resources and changing climate by detection science. Individual chapters bring together expertise from across the globe to present a comprehensive outlook on the analytical technologies available to the geoscientist today. Experienced researchers will appreciate the broad treatment of the subject as a valuable reference, while students and those new to the field will quickly gain an appreciation of both the techniques at hand, and the importance of constructing, and analysing, the complex data sets they can generate.

Compound-specific Stable Isotope Analysis

Compound-specific Stable Isotope Analysis
A Book

by Maik A Jochmann,Torsten C Schmidt

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2015-11-09
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1782626107
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of Compound-specific Stable Isotope Analysis (CSIA) is increasing in many areas of science and technology for source allocation, authentication, and characterization of transformation reactions. Until now, there have been no textbooks available for students with an analytical chemical background or basic introductory books emphasising the instrumentation and theory. This book is the first to focus solely on stable isotope analysis of individual compounds in sometimes complex mixtures. It acts as both a lecture companion for students and a consultant for advanced scientists in fields including forensic and environmental science. The book starts with a brief history of the field before going on to explain stable isotopes from scratch. The different ways to express isotope abundances are introduced together with isotope effects and isotopic fractionation. A detailed account of the required technical equipment and general procedures for CSIA is provided. This includes sections on derivatization and the use of microextraction techniques in GC-IRMS. The very important topic of referencing and calibration in CSIA is clearly described. This differs from approaches used in quantitative analysis and is often difficult for the newcomer to comprehend. Examples of successful applications of CSIA in food authenticity, forensics, archaeology, doping control, environmental science, and extraterrestrial materials are included. Applications in isotope data treatment and presentation are also discussed and emphasis is placed on the general conclusions that can be drawn from the uses of CSIA. Further instrumental developments in the field are highlighted and selected experiments are introduced that may act as a basis for a short practical course at graduate level.

Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry
A Book

by Jochen Hoefs

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-09
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 3662099985
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first edition of this book was published in 1973, the second, totally rewritten, followed 7 years later in 1980. Because the field of stable isotopes is still grow ing and exerting an increasing influence on geosciences in general, it seems to be necessary, after a further 7 years, to revise the edition again accordingly. Not only has the previous edition been updated, but two completely new chapters on the isotopic composi tion of mantle-derived material and on the isotopic composition of the ocean during the geologie past, have been added. The references concentrate on re cent literature. In some cases, older references have been omitted to save space. I do not intend to underrate the value of older publications, but only to keep the reference list - al ready very voluminous in relation to the totallengt- from becoming even larger. An early draft has been reviewed by Russell Harmon and Alan Matthews. John Valley has se nt me a preprint of an artic1e on metamorphie rocks. To all three of them I owe my deepest thanks.

Isotopes in the Water Cycle

Isotopes in the Water Cycle
Past, Present and Future of a Developing Science

by Pradeep K. Aggarwal,Joel R. Gat,Klaus F. Froehlich

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-08-31
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 9781402066719
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental isotope and nuclear techniques provide unmatched insights into the processes governing the water cycle and its variability. This monograph presents state of the art applications and new developments of isotopes in hydrology, environmental disciplines and climate change studies. Coverage ranges from the assessment of groundwater resources in terms of recharge and flow regime to studies of the past and present global environmental and climate changes.

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology
A Book

by C. Kendall,J.J. McDonnell

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 870
  • ISBN : 008092915X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques for investigating modern environmental problems. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science. This important interdisciplinary text provides extensive guidelines for the application of isotope techniques for all investigatores facing the challenge of protecting precious water, soil, and ecological resources from the ever-increasing problems associated with population growth and environmental change, including those from urban development and agricultural land uses.

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science
A Book

by Robert Michener,Kate Lajtha

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-04-15
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 0470691174
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights new and emerging uses of stable isotope analysis in a variety of ecological disciplines. While the use of natural abundance isotopes in ecological research is now relatively standard, new techniques and ways of interpreting patterns are developing rapidly. The second edition of this book provides a thorough, up-to-date examination of these methods of research. As part of the Ecological Methods and Concepts series which provides the latest information on experimental techniques in ecology, this book looks at a wide range of techniques that use natural abundance isotopes to: follow whole ecosystem element cycling understand processes of soil organic matter formation follow the movement of water in whole watersheds understand the effects of pollution in both terrestrial and aquatic environments study extreme systems such as hydrothermal vents follow migrating organisms In each case, the book explains the background to the methodology, looks at the underlying principles and assumptions, and outlines the potential limitations and pitfalls. Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science is an ideal resource for both ecologists who are new to isotopic analysis, and more experienced isotope ecologists interested in innovative techniques and pioneering new uses.

Stable Isotopes in Human Nutrition

Stable Isotopes in Human Nutrition
Laboratory Methods and Research Applications

by S. A. Abrams,W. W. Wong

  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 2003-04-25
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 9780851997964
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of stable isotopes in nutritional studies is now widespread, and the technique is becoming increasingly popular. Practical applications are numerous and include:calcium and iron absorption studiesstudies looking at the impacts of diet, physical activity, aging, and medical therapy and supplementation on nutrient metabolismthe measurement of energy cost of pregnancystudies on the causes of growth faltering in infantsinvestigations into childhood and adult obesity.This book is designed as a laboratory handbook of methods used to perform stable isotope studies in humans. It covers basic principles, dosage information, sample preparation procedures, analytical instrumentation, and necessary mathematical methods and provides the fundamentals to enable researchers to evaluate and establish stable isotope methods in their own laboratories.

Biochar

Biochar
A Guide to Analytical Methods

by Balwant Singh,Marta Camps-Arbestain,Johannes Lehmann

  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Release : 2017-03-01
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1486305113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Interest in biochar among soil and environment researchers has increased dramatically over the past decade. Biochar initially attracted attention for its potential to improve soil fertility and to uncouple the carbon cycle, by storing carbon from the atmosphere in a form that can remain stable for hundreds to thousands of years. Later it was found that biochar had applications in environmental and water science, mining, microbial ecology and other fields. Beneficial effects of biochar and its environmental applications cannot be fully realised unless the chemical, physical, structural and surface properties of biochar are known. Currently many of the analytical procedures used for biochar analysis are not well defined, which makes it difficult to choose the right biochar for an intended use and to compare the existing data for biochars. Also, in some instances the use of inappropriate procedures has led to erroneous or inaccurate values for biochars in the scientific literature. Biochar: A Guide to Analytical Methods fills this gap and provides procedures and guidelines for routine and advanced characterisation of biochars. Written by experts, each chapter provides background to a technique or procedure, a stepwise guide to analyses, and includes data for biochars made from a range of feedstocks common to all presented methods. Discussion about the unique features, advantages and disadvantages of a particular technique is an explicit focus of this handbook for biochar analyses. Biochar is primarily intended for researchers, postgraduate students and practitioners who require knowledge of biochar properties. It will also serve as an important resource for researchers, industry and regulatory agencies dealing with biochar.

Analytical Geomicrobiology

Analytical Geomicrobiology
A Book

by Janice P. L. Kenney,Harish Veeramani,Daniel S. Alessi

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-07-31
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN : 1107070333
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive handbook outlining state-of-the-art analytical techniques used in geomicrobiology, for advanced students, researchers and professional scientists.

Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences Information Series

Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences Information Series
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analytical Techniques for Clinical Chemistry

Analytical Techniques for Clinical Chemistry
Methods and Applications

by Sergio Caroli,Gyula Záray

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-06-26
  • Pages : 830
  • ISBN : 111827184X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discover how analytical chemistry supports the latest clinical research This book details the role played by analytical chemistry in fostering clinical research. Readers will discover how a broad range of analytical techniques support all phases of clinical research, from early stages to the implementation of practical applications. Moreover, the contributing authors' careful step-by-step guidance enables readers to better understand standardized techniques and steer clear of everyday problems that can arise in the lab. Analytical Techniques for Clinical Chemistry opens with an overview of the legal and regulatory framework governing clinical lab analysis. Next, it details the latest progress in instrumentation and applications in such fields as biomonitoring, diagnostics, food quality, biomarkers, pharmaceuticals, and forensics. Comprised of twenty-five chapters divided into three sections exploring Fundamentals, Selected Applications, and Future Trends, the book covers such critical topics as: Uncertainty in clinical chemistry measurements Metal toxicology in clinical, forensic, and chemical pathology Role of analytical chemistry in the safety of drug therapy Atomic spectrometric techniques for the analysis of clinical samples Biosensors for drug analysis Use of X-ray techniques in medical research Each chapter is written by one or more leading pioneers and experts in analytical chemistry. Contributions are based on a thorough review and analysis of the current literature as well as the authors' own firsthand experiences in the lab. References at the end of each chapter serve as a gateway to the literature, enabling readers to explore individual topics in greater depth. Presenting the latest achievements and challenges in the field, Analytical Techniques for Clinical Chemistry sets the foundation for future advances in laboratory research techniques.

Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry
A Book

by Jochen Hoefs

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-09
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 366205406X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stable Isotope Geochemistry is an introduction to the use of stable isotopes in the geosciences. The three parts treat theoretical and experimental principles; fractionation mechanisms of light and heavy elements; and the natural variations of geologically important reservoirs. The fifth edition has been revised and extended and now includes a new chapter on palaeoclimatology. Special emphasis has been given to the growing field of "heavy" elements, while many new references have been added. For students and scientists alike, the book will be a primary source of information with regard to how and where stable isotopes can be used to solve geological problems.

Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae

Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of hair in health and disease

Handbook of hair in health and disease
A Book

by Victor R. Preedy

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2012-05-23
  • Pages : 493
  • ISBN : 9086867286
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hair is a major component of the body's tissue system that contributes to the individual's make up and confers a large degree of personal identity. Apart from its visible façade, hair also has a functional role. It has an unique structure and complex molecular development. The very nature of hair makes it a suitable marker for the prognosis of disease. Hair can also be used to screen for toxins and changes in the diet. However, there are currently no suitable publications available that describe hair in a rational scientific context. This handbook provides an academic approach to hair in health and disease. Divided into five sections the Handbook of Hair in Health and Disease provides an insight into hair growth and loss, molecular and cellular biology of hair, dietary toxicity and pathological history, diseases and treatments of hair, as well as shampoos and conditioners. Unique features of each chapter in this volume include relevant and useful 'Key facts' which highlight interesting or important findings of the specific subjects and 'Summary points' that will give a clear overview of the subjects treated in each chapter. The Handbook of Hair in Health and Disease will be essential to a variety of users, such as trichologists, doctors and nurses and all those interested or working within the area of hair health. This includes nutritionists and dieticians, scientific beauticians, health workers and practitioners, college and university lecturers and undergraduate and graduate students.