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Handbook of Traffic Psychology

Handbook of Traffic Psychology
A Book

by Bryan E. Porter

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2011-06-22
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 9780123819857
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of Traffic Psychology covers all key areas of research in this field including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce risk on roadways. Comprehensive in scope, the methodology section includes case-control studies, self-report instruments and methods, field methods and naturalistic observational techniques, instrumented vehicles and in-car recording techniques, modeling and simulation methods, in vivo methods, clinical assessment, and crash datasets and analyses. Experienced researchers will better understand what methods are most useful for what kinds of studies and students can better understand the myriad of techniques used in this discipline. Focuses specifically on traffic, as opposed to transport Covers all key areas of research in traffic psychology including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce the risk of variables and behavior Contents include how to conduct traffic research and how to analyze data Contributors come from more than 10 countries, including US, UK, Japan, Netherlands, Ireland, Switzerland, Mexico, Australia, Canada, Turkey, France, Finland, Norway, Israel, and South Africa

Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology

Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology
A Book

by Donald L. Fisher,Matthew Rizzo,Jeffrey Caird,John D. Lee

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-04-25
  • Pages : 752
  • ISBN : 9781420061017
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Effective use of driving simulators requires considerable technical and methodological skill along with considerable background knowledge. Acquiring the requisite knowledge and skills can be extraordinarily time consuming, yet there has been no single convenient and comprehensive source of information on the driving simulation research being conducted around the world. A how-to-do-it resource for researchers and professionals, Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology brings together discussions of technical issues in driving simulation with broad areas in which driving simulation is now playing a role. The chapters explore technical considerations, methodological issues, special and impaired populations, evaluation of in-vehicle and nomadic devices, and infrastructure evaluations. It examines hardware and software selection, visual database and scenario development, independent subject variables and dependent vehicle, environmental, and psychological variables, statistical and biostatistical analysis, different types of drivers, existing and future key-in vehicle devises, and validation of research. A compilation of the research from more than 100 of the world's top thinkers and practitioners, the book covers basic and advanced technical topics and provides a comprehensive review of the issues related to driving simulation. It describes literally hundreds of different simulation scenarios, provides color photographs of those scenarios, and makes available select videos of the scenarios on an accompanying web site, all of which should prove essential for seasoned researchers and for individuals new to driving simulation.

Applied Social Psychology

Applied Social Psychology
A Book

by Linda Steg,Kees Keizer,Abraham P. Buunk,Talib Rothengatter

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-04-30
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 1107044081
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applied Social Psychology combines the science of social psychology with the practical application of solving social problems that exist in the real world. This exciting textbook provides a thorough explanation of how social psychologists can contribute to the understanding and management of different social problems. A highly prestigious team of contributors from across Europe and the United States illustrate how social psychological theories, research methods and intervention techniques can be successfully applied to problems encountered in the fields of physical and mental health, immigration and integration, economic behaviour, political behaviour, environmental behaviour, organisations and the classroom. This expanded edition also features new chapters on the dynamic fields of consumer behaviour, traffic behaviour, criminal behaviour, sport and development aid. Each field studied features an overview of important problems, the role of human behaviour in these problems, the factors influencing relevant behaviour, and effective ways to change this behaviour. This is an essential volume for all undergraduate and graduate students studying applied social psychology.

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior
Second Edition

by David Shinar

  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release : 2017-06-22
  • Pages : 1264
  • ISBN : 1787146332
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive 2nd edition covers the key issues that relate human behavior to traffic safety. In particular it covers the increasing roles that pedestrians and cyclists have in the traffic system; the role of infotainment in driver distraction; and the increasing role of driver assistance systems in changing the driver-vehicle interaction.

IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology

IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology
A Book

by Paul R. Martin,Fanny M. Cheung,Michael C. Knowles,Michael Kyrios,Lyn Littlefield,J. Bruce Overmier,José M. Prieto

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-03-01
  • Pages : 832
  • ISBN : 1444395149
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The IAAP Handbook of Applied Psychology, an up-to-date and authoritative reference, provides a critical overview of applied psychology from an international perspective. Brings together articles by leading authorities from around the world Provides the reader with a complete overview of the field and highlights key research findings Divided into three parts: professional psychology, substantive areas of applied psychology, and special topics in applied psychology Explores the challenges, opportunities, and potential future developments in applied psychology Features comprehensive coverage of the field, including topics as diverse as clinical health psychology, environmental psychology, and consumer psychology

Human Factors in Autonomous Vehicles

Human Factors in Autonomous Vehicles
A Book

by Bryan E. Porter

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-08-01
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 012813397X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Autonomous vehicles are a new technology rising in public interest and media intensity. Researchers are only just beginning to explore its behavioral, social, technological, economic, and environmental issues. Human Factors in Autonomous Vehicles highlights the key issues the behavioral sciences plays in this largely technology-driven area, adding an important perspective often overlooked during the product development phase. Through existing psychological and other behavioral science research, Human Factors in Autonomous Vehicles examines what we know--and do not know--about the expected impact of autonomous vehicles to our society. The book looks at both the potential positive, and negative, consequences of autonomous vehicles. Human Factors in Autonomous Vehicles helps technically-focused researchers become more aware of the human factors issues involved in both current and future generations of autonomous (and high autonomy) vehicles. Conversational and accessible style to engage readers from multiple disciplines. Case studies open each chapter to demonstrate key concepts examined and put issues into context. Addresses the latest scientific research questions, suggesting new research directions for a more complete implementation of autonomous vehicle technology

Transport Infrastructure and Systems

Transport Infrastructure and Systems
Proceedings of the AIIT International Congress on Transport Infrastructure and Systems (Rome, Italy, 10-12 April 2017)

by Gianluca Dell'Acqua,Fred Wegman

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-03-16
  • Pages : 1134
  • ISBN : 1315281880
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transport Infrastructure Asset management in transport infrastructure, financial viability of transport engineering projects/ Life cycle Cost Analysis, Life-Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Assessment of transport infrastructure/ Infrastructures financing and pricing with equity appraisal, operation optimization and energy management/ Low-Volume roads: planning, maintenance, operations, environmental and social issues/ Public-Private Partnership (PPP) experience in transport infrastructure in different countries and economic conditions/ Airport Pavement Management Systems, runway design and maintenance/ Port maintenance and development issues, technology relating to cargo handling, landside access, cruise operations/ Infrastructure Building Information Modelling (I-BIM) / Pavement design and innovative bituminous materials/ Recycling and re-use in road pavements, environmentally sustainable technologies/ Stone pavements, ancient roads and historic railways/ Cementitious stabilization of materials used in the rehabilitation of transportation infrastructure. Transport Systems Sustainable transport and the environment protection including green vehicles/ Urban transport, land use development, spatial and transport planning/ Bicycling, bike, bike-sharing systems, cycling mobility/ Human factor in transport systems/ Intelligent Mobility: emerging technologies to enable the smarter movement of people and goods/Airport landside: access roads, parking facilities, terminal facilities, aircraft apron and the azdjacent taxiway/ Transportation policy, planning and design, modelling and decision making/ Transport economics, finance and pricing issues, optimization problems, equity appraisal/ Road safety impact assessments, road safety audits, the management of road network safety and safety inspections/ Tunnels and underground structures: preventing incidents-accidents mitigating their effects for both people and goods/ Traffic flow characteristics, traffic control devices, work zone traffic control, highway capacity and quality of service/ Track-vehicle interactions in railway systems, capacity analysis of railway networks/ Risk assessment and safety in air and railway transport, reliability aspects/ Maritime transport and inland waterways transport research/ Intermodal freight transport: terminals and logistics.

Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety

Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety
Theory, Evidence and Action

by Christina Rudin-Brown,Samantha Jamson

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-05-24
  • Pages : 467
  • ISBN : 1439856680
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Despite being an accepted construct in traffic and transport psychology, the precise nature of behavioural adaptation, including its causes and consequences, has not yet been established within the road safety community. A comprehensive collection of recent literature, Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety: Theory, Evidence, and Action explores behavioural adaptation in road users. It examines behavioural adaptation within the context of historical and theoretical perspectives, and puts forth tangible—and practical—solutions that can effectively address adverse behavioural adaptation to road safety interventions before it occurs. Edited by Christina Rudin-Brown and Samantha Jamson, with chapters authored by leading road safety experts in driver psychology and behaviour, the book introduces the concept of behavioural adaptation and details its more relevant issues. It reviews the definition of behavioural adaptation that was put forward by the OECD in 1990 and then puts this definition through its paces, identifying where it may be lacking and how it might be improved. This sets the context for the remaining chapters which take the OECD definition as their starting points. The book discusses the various theories and models of behavioural adaptation and more general theories of driver behaviour developed during the last half century. It provides examples of the "evidence" for behavioural adaptation—instances in which behavioural adaptation arose as a consequence of the introduction of safety countermeasures. The book then focuses on the internal, "human" element and considers countermeasures that might be used to limit the development of behavioural adaptation in various road user groups. The book concludes with practical tools and methodologies to address behavioural adaptation in research and design, and to limit the potential negative effects before they happen. Supplying easy-to-understand, accessible solutions that can be implemented early on in a road safety intervention’s design or conception phase, the chapters represent the most extensive compilation of literature relating to behavioural adaptation and its consequences since the 1990 OECD report. The book brings together earlier theories of behavioural adaptation with more recent theories in the area and combines them with practical advice, methods, and tangible solutions that can minimise the potential negative impact of behavioural adaptation on road user safety and address it before it occurs. It is an essential component of any road safety library, and should be of particular relevance to researchers, practitioners, designers, and policymakers who are interested in maximizing safety while at the same time encouraging innovation and excellence in road transport-related design.

Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)

Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018)
Volume VIII: Ergonomics and Human Factors in Manufacturing, Agriculture, Building and Construction, Sustainable Development and Mining

by Sebastiano Bagnara,Riccardo Tartaglia,Sara Albolino,Thomas Alexander,Yushi Fujita

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-07
  • Pages : 1056
  • ISBN : 3319960687
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018), held on August 26-30, 2018, in Florence, Italy. By highlighting the latest theories and models, as well as cutting-edge technologies and applications, and by combining findings from a range of disciplines including engineering, design, robotics, healthcare, management, computer science, human biology and behavioral science, it provides researchers and practitioners alike with a comprehensive, timely guide on human factors and ergonomics. It also offers an excellent source of innovative ideas to stimulate future discussions and developments aimed at applying knowledge and techniques to optimize system performance, while at the same time promoting the health, safety and wellbeing of individuals. The proceedings include papers from researchers and practitioners, scientists and physicians, institutional leaders, managers and policy makers that contribute to constructing the Human Factors and Ergonomics approach across a variety of methodologies, domains and productive sectors. This volume includes papers addressing the following topics: Ergonomics in Manufacturing, Agriculture, Building and Construction, and Mining, and Human Factors and Sustainable Development.

Handbook of Teen and Novice Drivers

Handbook of Teen and Novice Drivers
Research, Practice, Policy, and Directions

by Donald L Fisher,Jeff Caird,William Horrey,Lana Trick

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-09-19
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 1466587024
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Despite a growing body of research and targeted remediation, teenage and novice drivers continue to be six to nine times more likely to die in a crash than they are when they are just a few years older. The World Health Organization reports that road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death globally among 15 to 19 year olds. In light of these crash statistics, understanding the teen driver problem remains of paramount public health importance around the world. The Handbook of Teen and Novice Drivers: Research, Practice, Policy, and Directions provides critical knowledge for a broad range of potential readers, including students, teachers, researchers in academics, industry and the federal government, public policy makers at all levels, insurance companies and automobile manufacturers, driving instructors, and parents and their teens.

City and Transportation Planning

City and Transportation Planning
An Integrated Approach

by Akinori Morimoto

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-08-10
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 1000417433
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Many urban and transportation problems, such as traffic congestion, traffic accidents, and environmental burdens, result from poor integration of land use and transportation. This graduate-level textbook outlines strategies for sustainably integrating land use and transportation planning, addressing the impact on land use of advanced transport like light rail transit and autonomous cars, and the emerging focus on cyber space and the role of ICT and big data in city planning. The text also explores how we can create sustainable cities for the future. In contrast to the "compact city", which has been proposed as an environmentally friendly urban model, recent years have seen an acceleration in the introduction of ICT-based "smart city". As people’s lives are drastically changed by COVID-19, a new form of city is being explored. The new concept of a "smart sharing city" is introduced as an urban model that wisely integrates physical and cyber space, and presents a way to solve future urban issues with new technologies.

Driver Behaviour and Training:

Driver Behaviour and Training:
A Book

by Lisa Dorn

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-12-05
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1351942859
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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First Published in 2017. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor and Francis, an Informa company.

The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment

The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment
A Book

by Wesley G. Jennings

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-01-19
  • Pages : 1448
  • ISBN : 111851971X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the most comprehensive reference for a vast number of topics relevant to crime and punishment with a unique focus on the multi/interdisciplinary and international aspects of these topics and historical perspectives on crime and punishment around the world. Named as one of Choice's Outstanding Academic Titles of 2016 Comprising nearly 300 entries, this invaluable reference resource serves as the most up-to-date and wide-ranging resource on crime and punishment Offers a global perspective from an international team of leading scholars, including coverage of the strong and rapidly growing body of work on criminology in Europe, Asia, and other areas Acknowledges the overlap of criminology and criminal justice with a number of disciplines such as sociology, psychology, epidemiology, history, economics, and public health, and law Entry topics are organized around 12 core substantive areas: international aspects, multi/interdisciplinary aspects, crime types, corrections, policing, law and justice, research methods, criminological theory, correlates of crime, organizations and institutions (U.S.), victimology, and special populations Organized, authored and Edited by leading scholars, all of whom come to the project with exemplary track records and international standing 3 Volumes www.crimeandpunishmentencyclopedia.com

Handbook of Sleep Research

Handbook of Sleep Research
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-06-21
  • Pages : 756
  • ISBN : 0128137444
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Sleep Research, Volume 30, provides a comprehensive review of the current status of the neuroscience of sleep research. It begins with an overview of the neural, hormonal and genetic mechanisms of sleep and wake regulation before outlining the various proposed functions of sleep and the role it plays in plasticity, and in learning and memory. Finally, the book discusses disorders of sleep and waking, covering both lifestyle factors that cause disrupted sleep and psychiatric and neurological conditions that contribute to disorders. Emphasizes a comparative and multidisciplinary approach to the topic of sleep Covers the neurobiology and physiology of sleep stages, mechanisms of waking, and dreaming Discusses in detail the proposed functions of sleep, from health and rest, to memory consolidation and synaptic plasticity Examines the current state of research in mammalian and non-mammalian species, ranging from primates to invertebrates

Eye Movement Research

Eye Movement Research
An Introduction to its Scientific Foundations and Applications

by Christoph Klein,Ulrich Ettinger

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-16
  • Pages : 1015
  • ISBN : 303020085X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited volume presents fundamentals as well as applications of oculomotor methods in industrial and clinical settings. The topical spectrum covers 1.) basics and background material, 2.) methods such as recording techniques, markov models, Lévy flights, pupillometry and many more, as well as 3.) a broad range of applications in clinical and industrial settings. The target audience primarily comprises research experts and practitioners, but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Essential Psychology

Essential Psychology
A Book

by Philip Banyard,Christine Norman,Gayle Dillon,Belinda Winder

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2019-05-13
  • Pages : 856
  • ISBN : 1526482037
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The third edition of Essential Psychology provides a thorough introduction for students and anyone who wishes to gain a strong overview of the field. This team of authors provide a student-friendly guide to Psychology, with a vivid narrative writing style, features designed to stimulate critical thinking and inspire students to learn independently, and online resources for lecturers and students. This comprehensive introductory text is relevant for both the specialist and non-specialist psychology student, challenging those who studied psychology before university while remaining accessible to those who did not. The third edition: - Gives students a firm foundation in all areas covered on accredited British Psychological Society degree courses - Includes new chapters on psychopathology, research methods, language, motivation and emotion, lifespan development, health psychology, forensic psychology and critical social psychology - Relates theory to the real world to help students think about where they will employ their degree after undergraduate study

Traffic Safety Culture

Traffic Safety Culture
Definition, Foundation, and Application

by Nicholas John Ward,Barry Watson,Katie Fleming-Vogl

  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release : 2019-04-12
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1787146170
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides traffic safety researchers and practitioners with an international and multi-disciplinary compendium of theoretical and methodological concepts relevant to the research and application of Traffic Safety Culture aiming towards a vision of zero traffic fatalities.

UR:BAN Human Factors in Traffic

UR:BAN Human Factors in Traffic
Approaches for Safe, Efficient and Stress-free Urban Traffic

by Klaus Bengler,Julia Drüke,Silja Hoffmann,Dietrich Manstetten,Alexandra Neukum

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-22
  • Pages : 519
  • ISBN : 3658154187
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The UR:BAN MV project funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy BMWi focused specifically on the user of future vehicle assistance and information systems. In the case of advanced driver assistance systems for urban areas, the primary emphasis is safety in combination with efficiency and comfort. Research institutes and automotive industry have investigated human-vehicle interaction and behaviour of different traffic participants.This book gives a unique and comprehensive insight into the results. Driver assistance and information systems were optimized for use in urban settings. Furthermore, innovative test regimes for controllability testing and new evaluation techniques like networked simulators and virtual reality test-beds are described including statistical methodologies.

Criminal Liability for Serious Traffic Offences

Criminal Liability for Serious Traffic Offences
Essays on Causing Death, Injury and Danger in Traffic

by Alwin van Dijk,Hein Wolswijk

  • Publisher : Eleven International Publishing
  • Release : 2017-12-17
  • Pages : 227
  • ISBN : 9462364664
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The criminal law on serious traffic offenses presents legislators with numerous controversial issues. One such issue is when severe consequences are matched with low moral culpability. How should the law deal with a driver who kills someone because she failed to see the person when looking? Another controversial issue concerns highly culpable behavior that remains without serious consequences. How should the law cope with a driver who nearly kills someone when overtaking recklessly? The traffic context generates many hard cases that call the outermost boundaries of general doctrinal concepts like intent, negligence, or causation into question. This book contains an international collection of essays on criminal liability for serious traffic offenses. With a focus on England/Wales, the Netherlands, France, Germany, and Spain, the book reveals that there are enormous differences in both drafting and interpretation of serious traffic offenses. Additionally, it elaborates on the role of culpability and harm in sentencing, traffic-psychological insights relevant to accident causation, and the concept of conditional intent in relation to extremely dangerous traffic behavior. (Series: Governance & Recht - Vol. 11) [Subject: Criminal Law, Traffic Law, Comparative Law]

Occupational Health and Safety

Occupational Health and Safety
A Book

by Sharon Clarke

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-05-23
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 1317086260
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Workplace accidents and errors cost organizations hundreds of billions of dollars each year, and the injured workers and their families endure considerable financial and emotional suffering. It's obvious that increasing employee health and safety pays. The accumulating evidence shows that investing in occupational health and safety results in improved financial and social responsibility performance. There are extensive country differences and wide occupational differences in the incidence of accidents and errors. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that every year there are 2.2 million fatal and 270 million non-fatal accidents or occupational diseases worldwide. Occupational Health and Safety looks at the research into what causes accidents and errors in the workplace. In line with other titles in the series, Occupational Health and Safety emphasizes the psychological and behavioral aspects of risk in organizations. It highlights how organizations differ in their health and safety performance, with case studies throughout and best practices. Key elements focus on: employee selection and training, fostering employee understanding, participation and engagement in health and safety matters, developing a health and safety culture at organizational and group/work unit levels, communicating and reinforcing safe workplace practices and bench-marking one's organization against the industry leaders. The contributors to this volume come from various countries, reflecting unique interest and knowledge in particular areas.