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Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes
A Book

by Sid Becker,Andrey Kuznetsov

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-12-31
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 0124079008
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes covers emerging areas in fluid flow and heat transfer relevant to biosystems and medical technology. This book uses an interdisciplinary approach to provide a comprehensive prospective on biofluid mechanics and heat transfer advances and includes reviews of the most recent methods in modeling of flows in biological media, such as CFD. Written by internationally recognized researchers in the field, each chapter provides a strong introductory section that is useful to both readers currently in the field and readers interested in learning more about these areas. Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes is an indispensable reference for professors, graduate students, professionals, and clinical researchers in the fields of biology, biomedical engineering, chemistry and medicine working on applications of fluid flow, heat transfer, and transport phenomena in biomedical technology. Provides a wide range of biological and clinical applications of fluid flow and heat transfer in biomedical technology Covers topics such as electrokinetic transport, electroporation of cells and tissue dialysis, inert solute transport (insulin), thermal ablation of cancerous tissue, respiratory therapies, and associated medical technologies Reviews the most recent advances in modeling techniques

Biological Process Engineering

Biological Process Engineering
An Analogical Approach to Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer Applied to Biological Systems

by Arthur T. Johnson

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1998-12-14
  • Pages : 752
  • ISBN : 9780471245476
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A unique, accessible guide to the application of engineering methods to biological systems. Presenting for the first time a practical, design-oriented, interdisciplinary approach to transport phenomena involving biological systems, Biological Process Engineering emphasizes the common aspects of the three main transport processes-fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transfer. In clear and simple terms, it explores the relevance of these processes to broadly defined biological systems such as the growth of microbes in bioreactors, the leaching of pollutants into groundwater, and the chemistry of food manufacturing. Reaching well beyond standard applications in medicine and the environment to areas of biotechnology, aquaculture, agriculture, and food processing, this book promotes analogical thinking that will lead to creative solutions. While keeping the mathematics to a minimum, it explains principles of effective system modeling and demonstrates a wide variety of problem-solving techniques. Readers will find: * Systems diagrams comparing and contrasting different transport processes * Biological examples for all types of systems, including metabolic pathways, locomotion, reproduction, responses to thermal conditions, and more * Numerous design charts and procedures * An extensive collection of tables of parameter values, not found in any other text. An ideal undergraduate text for biological engineering students taking courses in transport processes, Biological Process Engineering is also an excellent reference for practicing engineers. It introduces the reader to diverse biological phenomena, serves as a stepping-stone to more theoretical topics, and provides important insights into the fast-growing arena of biological engineering.

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes
A Book

by Sid Becker

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-12-27
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 0128046198
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes provides a compendium of recent advances in theoretical and computational modeling of biotransport phenomena at the microscale. The simulation strategies presented range from molecular to continuum models and consider both numerical and exact solution method approaches to coupled systems of equations. The biological processes covered in this book include digestion, molecular transport, microbial swimming, cilia mediated flow, microscale heat transfer, micro-vascular flow, vesicle dynamics, transport through bio-films and bio-membranes, and microscale growth dynamics. The book is written for an advanced academic research audience in the fields of engineering (encompassing biomedical, chemical, biological, mechanical, and electrical), biology and mathematics. Although written for, and by, expert researchers, each chapter provides a strong introductory section to ensure accessibility to readers at all levels. Features recent developments in theoretical and computational modeling for clinical researchers and engineers Furthers researcher understanding of fluid flow in biological media and focuses on biofluidics at the microscale Includes chapters expertly authored by internationally recognized authorities in the fundamental and applied fields that are associated with microscale transport in living media

Advances in Heat Transfer

Advances in Heat Transfer
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-11-04
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 0128207388
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Heat Transfer, Volume 52, provides in-depth review articles from a broader scope than in traditional journals or texts, with this comprehensive release covering chapters on Thermal Convection Studies at the University of Minnesota, Convective heat transfer in porous passages that depends on the values of the Sparrow numbers, Automatic Code Differentiation for Thermal-Fluid Problems, Advances in Vapor Chambers and Phase Change Heat Spreaders, Pressure Drop and Heat Transfer in the Entrance Region of Microchannels, Predicting spectral thermal conductivity at the mesoscale with advanced deterministic phonon transport techniques, and Modulated-heating protocols applied to hyperthermia/thermal ablation. Fills the information gap between regularly scheduled journals and university-level textbooks by providing in-depth review articles over a broader scope than in traditional journals or texts Provides essential reading for all mechanical, chemical and industrial engineers working in the field of heat transfer Presents a great resource for use in graduate school level courses

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels
A Book

by Satish Kandlikar,Srinivas Garimella,Dongqing Li,Stephane Colin,Michael R. King

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2013-10-25
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 0080983510
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heat exchangers with minichannel and microchannel flow passages are becoming increasingly popular due to their ability to remove large heat fluxes under single-phase and two-phase applications. Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels methodically covers gas, liquid, and electrokinetic flows, as well as flow boiling and condensation, in minichannel and microchannel applications. Examining biomedical applications as well, the book is an ideal reference for anyone involved in the design processes of microchannel flow passages in a heat exchanger. Each chapter is accompanied by a real-life case study New edition of the first book that solely deals with heat and fluid flow in minichannels and microchannels Presents findings that are directly useful to designers; researchers can use the information in developing new models or identifying research needs

Applications of Mathematical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Models in Engineering and Medicine

Applications of Mathematical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Models in Engineering and Medicine
A Book

by Abram S. Dorfman

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-02-06
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 1119320569
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applications of mathematical heat transfer and fluid flow models in engineering and medicine Abram S. Dorfman, University of Michigan, USA Engineering and medical applications of cutting-edge heat and flow models This book presents innovative efficient methods in fluid flow and heat transfer developed and widely used over the last fifty years. The analysis is focused on mathematical models which are an essential part of any research effort as they demonstrate the validity of the results obtained. The universality of mathematics allows consideration of engineering and biological problems from one point of view using similar models. In this book, the current situation of applications of modern mathematical models is outlined in three parts. Part I offers in depth coverage of the applications of contemporary conjugate heat transfer models in various industrial and technological processes, from aerospace and nuclear reactors to drying and food processing. In Part II the theory and application of two recently developed models in fluid flow are considered: the similar conjugate model for simulation of biological systems, including flows in human organs, and applications of the latest developments in turbulence simulation by direct solution of Navier-Stokes equations, including flows around aircraft. Part III proposes fundamentals of laminar and turbulent flows and applied mathematics methods. The discussion is complimented by 365 examples selected from a list of 448 cited papers, 239 exercises and 136 commentaries. Key features: Peristaltic flows in normal and pathologic human organs. Modeling flows around aircraft at high Reynolds numbers. Special mathematical exercises allow the reader to complete expressions derivation following directions from the text. Procedure for preliminary choice between conjugate and common simple methods for particular problem solutions. Criterions of conjugation, definition of semi-conjugate solutions. This book is an ideal reference for graduate and post-graduate students and engineers.

Smart Healthcare for Disease Diagnosis and Prevention

Smart Healthcare for Disease Diagnosis and Prevention
A Book

by Sudip Paul,Dinesh Bhatia

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-01-14
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 0128179147
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Smart Healthcare for Disease Diagnosis and Prevention focuses on the advancement in healthcare technology to improve human health at all levels using smart technologies. It covers all necessary topics from basic concepts (such as signal and image processing) to advanced knowledge on topics such as tissue engineering, virtual and intelligent instrumentation (or VLSI) and Embedded Systems. This book can be used to guide students and young researchers, providing basic knowledge on signal/image processing and smart technologies. Users will find a perfect blend of the interdisciplinary approach to biomedical engineering. The book considers many technical concepts, emerging technologies, real-world healthcare applications, and many other technical, multidisciplinary notions in the same content. Finally, it systemically introduces the technologies and devices for healthcare objects and targets disease diagnosis and prevention in different views. Discusses how new advanced technologies are used in real healthcare applications to improve patient safety Explores how medical data such as signals and images can be used in diagnosis Covers how wireless communications devices, such as sensor networks, RFID, wireless body area network, and wearable sensors are used in the medical environment

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1966-10
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
A Book

by Majid Ghassemi,Azadeh Shahidian

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-03-15
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0128038527
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow focuses on the use of nanoparticles for bio application and bio-fluidics from an engineering perspective. It introduces the mechanisms underlying thermal and fluid interaction of nanoparticles with biological systems. This book will help readers translate theory into real world applications, such as drug delivery and lab-on-a-chip. The content covers how transport at the nano-scale differs from the macro-scale, also discussing what complications can arise in a biologic system at the nano-scale. It is ideal for students and early career researchers, engineers conducting experimental work on relevant applications, or those who develop computer models to investigate/design these systems. Content coverage includes biofluid mechanics, transport phenomena, micro/nano fluid flows, and heat transfer. Discusses nanoparticle applications in drug delivery Covers the engineering fundamentals of bio heat transfer and fluid flow Explains how to simulate, analyze, and evaluate the transportation of heat and mass problems in bio-systems

Information Technology in Medical Diagnostics II

Information Technology in Medical Diagnostics II
Proceedings of the International Scientific Internet Conference “Computer Graphics and Image Processing" and the XLVIIIth International Scientific and Practical Conference “Application of Lasers in Medicine and Biology", May 2018

by Waldemar Wójcik,Sergii Pavlov,Maksat Kalimoldayev

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-02-13
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 0429615493
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For many centuries, mankind has tried to learn about his health. Initially, during the pre-technological period, he could only rely on his senses. Then there were simple tools to help the senses. The breakthrough turned out to be the discovery of X-rays, which gave insight into the human body. Contemporary medical diagnostics are increasingly supported by information technology, which for example offers a very thorough analysis of the tissue image or the pathology differentiation. It also offers possibilities for very early preventive diagnosis. Under the influence of information technology, 'traditional' diagnostic techniques and new ones are changing. More and more often the same methods can be used for both medical and technical diagnostics. In addition, methodologies are developed that are inspired by the functioning of living organisms. Information Technology in Medical Diagnostics II is the second volume in a series showing the latest advances in information technologies directly or indirectly applied to medical diagnostics. Unlike the previous book, this volume does not contain closed chapters, but rather extended versions of presentations made during two conferences: XLVIII International Scientific and Practical Conference ‘Application of Lasers in Medicine and Biology’ (Kharkov, Ukraine) and the International Scientific Internet conference ‘Computer graphics and image processing’ (Vinnitsa, Ukriane), both held in May 2018. Information Technology in Medical Diagnostics II links technological issues to medical and biological issues, and will be valuable to academics and professionals interested in medical diagnostics and IT.

Numerical Methods and Advanced Simulation in Biomechanics and Biological Processes

Numerical Methods and Advanced Simulation in Biomechanics and Biological Processes
A Book

by Miguel Cerrolaza,Sandra Shefelbine,Diego Garzón-Alvarado

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-10-17
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 0128117192
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Numerical Methods and Advanced Simulation in Biomechanics and Biological Processes covers new and exciting modeling methods to help bioengineers tackle problems for which the Finite Element Method is not appropriate. The book covers a wide range of important subjects in the field of numerical methods applied to biomechanics, including bone biomechanics, tissue and cell mechanics, 3D printing, computer assisted surgery and fluid dynamics. Modeling strategies, technology and approaches are continuously evolving as the knowledge of biological processes increases. Both theory and applications are covered, making this an ideal book for researchers, students and R&D professionals. Provides non-conventional analysis methods for modeling Covers the Discrete Element Method (DEM), Particle Methods (PM), MessLess and MeshFree Methods (MLMF), Agent-Based Methods (ABM), Lattice-Boltzmann Methods (LBM) and Boundary Integral Methods (BIM) Includes contributions from several world renowned experts in their fields Compares pros and cons of each method to help you decide which method is most applicable to solving specific problems

Heat and Mass Transfer

Heat and Mass Transfer
A Biological Context, Second Edition

by Ashim K. Datta,Eric Haines,Naty Hoffman

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-01-23
  • Pages : 676
  • ISBN : 1315302624
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This substantially revised text represents a broader based biological engineering title. It includes medicine and other applications that are desired in curricula supported by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, as well as many bioengineering departments in both U.S. and worldwide departments. This new edition will focus

Short Pulse Laser Systems for Biomedical Applications

Short Pulse Laser Systems for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by Kunal Mitra,Stephanie Miller

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-03-15
  • Pages : 49
  • ISBN : 3319542532
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents practical information on the clinical applications of short pulse laser systems and the techniques for optimizing these applications in a manner that will be relevant to a broad audience, including engineering and medical students as well as researchers, clinicians, and technicians. Short pulse laser systems are useful for both subsurface tissue imaging and laser induced thermal therapy (LITT), which hold great promise in cancer diagnostics and treatment. Such laser systems may be used alone or in combination with optically active nanoparticles specifically administered to the tissues of interest for enhanced contrast in imaging and precise heating during LITT. Mathematical and computational models of short pulse laser-tissue interactions that consider the transient radiative transport equation coupled with a bio-heat equation considering the initial transients of laser heating were developed to analyze the laser-tissue interaction during imaging and therapy. Experiments were first performed to characterize the tissue optical properties needed to optimize the dose for thermal therapy. Experiments were then performed on animal models to characterize the heat affected zone for LITT. The experimental measurements were also validated using the computational models.

Solving Problems in Thermal Engineering

Solving Problems in Thermal Engineering
A Toolbox for Engineers

by Viktor Józsa,Róbert Kovács

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-24
  • Pages : 203
  • ISBN : 3030334759
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides general guidelines for solving thermal problems in the fields of engineering and natural sciences. Written for a wide audience, from beginner to senior engineers and physicists, it provides a comprehensive framework covering theory and practice and including numerous fundamental and real-world examples. Based on the thermodynamics of various material laws, it focuses on the mathematical structure of the continuum models and their experimental validation. In addition to several examples in renewable energy, it also presents thermal processes in space, and summarizes size-dependent, non-Fourier, and non-Fickian problems, which have increasing practical relevance in, e.g., the semiconductor industry. Lastly, the book discusses the key aspects of numerical methods, particularly highlighting the role of boundary conditions in the modeling process. The book provides readers with a comprehensive toolbox, addressing a wide variety of topics in thermal modeling, from constructing material laws to designing advanced power plants and engineering systems.

Proceedings, Second International Conference on Fixed-Film Biological Processes, July 10-12, 1984, Arlington, Virginia

Proceedings, Second International Conference on Fixed-Film Biological Processes, July 10-12, 1984, Arlington, Virginia
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 2103
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heat and Fluid Flow in Biological Systems

Heat and Fluid Flow in Biological Systems
A Book

by Arunn Narasimhan

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 2016-07-22
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9781119135081
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermal Ablation Therapy

Thermal Ablation Therapy
Theory and Simulation

by Amira S. Ashour,Yanhui Guo,Waleed S. Mohamed

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-05-18
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 0128231564
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermal Ablation Therapy: Theory and Simulation includes detailed theoretical and technical concepts of thermal ablation therapy in different body organs. Concepts of ablation technology based on different thermal ablation methods are introduced, along with changes in the tissues’ mechanical properties due to thermal denaturation. The book emphasizes the mathematical and engineering concepts of RF and MW energy propagation through tissues and where high heating rates produced by MW systems can overcome the heat-sink effects from nearby vessels. The design and tuning of the MW antennas to deliver energy efficiently to specific organ systems such as the liver or lung is also covered. Other sections cover the computational modeling of radiofrequency ablation and microwave ablation procedures for developing and implementing new efficient ablation in clinical systems, numerical simulations for different scenarios of different organs with different size using RF and MW ablation systems with different antennas’/probes design and configurations, and numerical techniques for temperature profile in tissues. Presents the latest mathematical models of microwave and RF ablation theories Discusses the biological responses and engineering principles by which thermal ablation techniques can provide temperature-elevation within the organs of the human body, including action mechanisms, required equipment, needle characteristics and treatment techniques Highlights the different techniques of thermal ablation, including radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation, laser ablation, and ultrasound ablation, nanotechnology, and the different metrics used to evaluate the performance of the used antenna within the ablation needle

Microchannel Flow Dynamics and Heat Transfer of Near-Critical Fluid

Microchannel Flow Dynamics and Heat Transfer of Near-Critical Fluid
A Book

by Lin Chen

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-10-01
  • Pages : 155
  • ISBN : 9811027846
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses basic thermodynamic behaviors and 'abnormal' properties from a thermo-physical perspective, and explores basic heat transfer and flow properties, the latest findings on their physical aspects and indications, chemical engineering properties, microscale phenomena, as well as transient behaviors in fast and critical environments. It also presents the most and challenging problems and the outlook for applications and innovations of supercritical fluids.

Computational Methodologies for Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Computational Methodologies for Electrical and Electronics Engineers
A Book

by Singh, Rajiv,Singh, Ashutosh Kumar,Dwivedi, Ajay Kumar,Nagabhushan, P.

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2021-03-18
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN : 1799833291
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Artificial intelligence has been applied to many areas of science and technology, including the power and energy sector. Renewable energy in particular has experienced the tremendous positive impact of these developments. With the recent evolution of smart energy technologies, engineers and scientists working in this sector need an exhaustive source of current knowledge to effectively cater to the energy needs of citizens of developing countries. Computational Methodologies for Electrical and Electronics Engineers is a collection of innovative research that provides a complete insight and overview of the application of intelligent computational techniques in power and energy. Featuring research on a wide range of topics such as artificial neural networks, smart grids, and soft computing, this book is ideally designed for programmers, engineers, technicians, ecologists, entrepreneurs, researchers, academicians, and students.

Porous Media

Porous Media
Applications in Biological Systems and Biotechnology

by Kambiz Vafai

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2010-08-24
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 9781420065428
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presenting state-of-the-art research advancements, Porous Media: Applications in Biological Systems and Biotechnology explores innovative approaches to effectively apply existing porous media technologies to biomedical applications. In each peer-reviewed chapter, world-class scientists and engineers collaborate to address significant problems and discuss exciting research in biological systems. The book begins with discussions on bioheat transfer equations for blood flows and surrounding biological tissue, the concept of electroporation, hydrodynamic modeling of tissue-engineered material, and the resistance of microbial biofilms to common modalities of antibiotic treatments. It examines how biofilms influence porous media hydrodynamics, describes the modeling of flow changes in cerebral aneurysms, and highlights recent advances in Lagrangian particles methods. The text also covers passive mass transport processes in cellular membranes and their biophysical implications, the modeling and treatment of mass transport through skin, the use of porous media in marine microbiology, the transport of large biological molecules in deforming tissues, and applications of magnetic stabilized beds for protein purification and adsorption, antibody removal, and more. The final chapters present potential in situ characterization techniques for studying porous media and conductive membranes and explain the development of bioconvection patterns generated by populations of gravitactic microorganisms in porous media. Using a common nomenclature throughout and with contributions from top experts, this cohesive book illustrates the role of porous media in addressing some of the most challenging issues in biomedical engineering and biotechnology. The book contains sophisticated porous media models that can be used to improve the accuracy of modeling a variety of biological processes.