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Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes
A Book

by Sid Becker,Andrey Kuznetsov

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-12-31
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 0124079008
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes covers emerging areas in fluid flow and heat transfer relevant to biosystems and medical technology. This book uses an interdisciplinary approach to provide a comprehensive prospective on biofluid mechanics and heat transfer advances and includes reviews of the most recent methods in modeling of flows in biological media, such as CFD. Written by internationally recognized researchers in the field, each chapter provides a strong introductory section that is useful to both readers currently in the field and readers interested in learning more about these areas. Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes is an indispensable reference for professors, graduate students, professionals, and clinical researchers in the fields of biology, biomedical engineering, chemistry and medicine working on applications of fluid flow, heat transfer, and transport phenomena in biomedical technology. Provides a wide range of biological and clinical applications of fluid flow and heat transfer in biomedical technology Covers topics such as electrokinetic transport, electroporation of cells and tissue dialysis, inert solute transport (insulin), thermal ablation of cancerous tissue, respiratory therapies, and associated medical technologies Reviews the most recent advances in modeling techniques

Biological Process Engineering

Biological Process Engineering
An Analogical Approach to Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer Applied to Biological Systems

by Arthur T. Johnson

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1998-12-14
  • Pages : 752
  • ISBN : 9780471245476
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A unique, accessible guide to the application of engineering methods to biological systems. Presenting for the first time a practical, design-oriented, interdisciplinary approach to transport phenomena involving biological systems, Biological Process Engineering emphasizes the common aspects of the three main transport processes-fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transfer. In clear and simple terms, it explores the relevance of these processes to broadly defined biological systems such as the growth of microbes in bioreactors, the leaching of pollutants into groundwater, and the chemistry of food manufacturing. Reaching well beyond standard applications in medicine and the environment to areas of biotechnology, aquaculture, agriculture, and food processing, this book promotes analogical thinking that will lead to creative solutions. While keeping the mathematics to a minimum, it explains principles of effective system modeling and demonstrates a wide variety of problem-solving techniques. Readers will find: * Systems diagrams comparing and contrasting different transport processes * Biological examples for all types of systems, including metabolic pathways, locomotion, reproduction, responses to thermal conditions, and more * Numerous design charts and procedures * An extensive collection of tables of parameter values, not found in any other text. An ideal undergraduate text for biological engineering students taking courses in transport processes, Biological Process Engineering is also an excellent reference for practicing engineers. It introduces the reader to diverse biological phenomena, serves as a stepping-stone to more theoretical topics, and provides important insights into the fast-growing arena of biological engineering.

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes
A Book

by Sid Becker

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-12-27
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 0128046198
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes provides a compendium of recent advances in theoretical and computational modeling of biotransport phenomena at the microscale. The simulation strategies presented range from molecular to continuum models and consider both numerical and exact solution method approaches to coupled systems of equations. The biological processes covered in this book include digestion, molecular transport, microbial swimming, cilia mediated flow, microscale heat transfer, micro-vascular flow, vesicle dynamics, transport through bio-films and bio-membranes, and microscale growth dynamics. The book is written for an advanced academic research audience in the fields of engineering (encompassing biomedical, chemical, biological, mechanical, and electrical), biology and mathematics. Although written for, and by, expert researchers, each chapter provides a strong introductory section to ensure accessibility to readers at all levels. Features recent developments in theoretical and computational modeling for clinical researchers and engineers Furthers researcher understanding of fluid flow in biological media and focuses on biofluidics at the microscale Includes chapters expertly authored by internationally recognized authorities in the fundamental and applied fields that are associated with microscale transport in living media

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
A Book

by Majid Ghassemi,Azadeh Shahidian

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-03-15
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0128038527
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow focuses on the use of nanoparticles for bio application and bio-fluidics from an engineering perspective. It introduces the mechanisms underlying thermal and fluid interaction of nanoparticles with biological systems. This book will help readers translate theory into real world applications, such as drug delivery and lab-on-a-chip. The content covers how transport at the nano-scale differs from the macro-scale, also discussing what complications can arise in a biologic system at the nano-scale. It is ideal for students and early career researchers, engineers conducting experimental work on relevant applications, or those who develop computer models to investigate/design these systems. Content coverage includes biofluid mechanics, transport phenomena, micro/nano fluid flows, and heat transfer. Discusses nanoparticle applications in drug delivery Covers the engineering fundamentals of bio heat transfer and fluid flow Explains how to simulate, analyze, and evaluate the transportation of heat and mass problems in bio-systems

Applications of Mathematical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Models in Engineering and Medicine

Applications of Mathematical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Models in Engineering and Medicine
A Book

by Abram S. Dorfman

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-02-06
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 1119320569
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applications of mathematical heat transfer and fluid flow models in engineering and medicine Abram S. Dorfman, University of Michigan, USA Engineering and medical applications of cutting-edge heat and flow models This book presents innovative efficient methods in fluid flow and heat transfer developed and widely used over the last fifty years. The analysis is focused on mathematical models which are an essential part of any research effort as they demonstrate the validity of the results obtained. The universality of mathematics allows consideration of engineering and biological problems from one point of view using similar models. In this book, the current situation of applications of modern mathematical models is outlined in three parts. Part I offers in depth coverage of the applications of contemporary conjugate heat transfer models in various industrial and technological processes, from aerospace and nuclear reactors to drying and food processing. In Part II the theory and application of two recently developed models in fluid flow are considered: the similar conjugate model for simulation of biological systems, including flows in human organs, and applications of the latest developments in turbulence simulation by direct solution of Navier-Stokes equations, including flows around aircraft. Part III proposes fundamentals of laminar and turbulent flows and applied mathematics methods. The discussion is complimented by 365 examples selected from a list of 448 cited papers, 239 exercises and 136 commentaries. Key features: Peristaltic flows in normal and pathologic human organs. Modeling flows around aircraft at high Reynolds numbers. Special mathematical exercises allow the reader to complete expressions derivation following directions from the text. Procedure for preliminary choice between conjugate and common simple methods for particular problem solutions. Criterions of conjugation, definition of semi-conjugate solutions. This book is an ideal reference for graduate and post-graduate students and engineers.

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels
A Book

by Satish Kandlikar,Srinivas Garimella,Dongqing Li,Stephane Colin,Michael R. King

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2013-10-25
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 0080983510
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heat exchangers with minichannel and microchannel flow passages are becoming increasingly popular due to their ability to remove large heat fluxes under single-phase and two-phase applications. Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels methodically covers gas, liquid, and electrokinetic flows, as well as flow boiling and condensation, in minichannel and microchannel applications. Examining biomedical applications as well, the book is an ideal reference for anyone involved in the design processes of microchannel flow passages in a heat exchanger. Each chapter is accompanied by a real-life case study New edition of the first book that solely deals with heat and fluid flow in minichannels and microchannels Presents findings that are directly useful to designers; researchers can use the information in developing new models or identifying research needs

Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer

Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer
Chemical Engineering Practice

by K. S. Raju

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-04-20
  • Pages : 736
  • ISBN : 0470922923
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This broad-based book covers the three major areas of Chemical Engineering. Most of the books in the market involve one of the individual areas, namely, Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer or Mass Transfer, rather than all the three. This book presents this material in a single source. This avoids the user having to refer to a number of books to obtain information. Most published books covering all the three areas in a single source emphasize theory rather than practical issues. This book is written with emphasis on practice with brief theoretical concepts in the form of questions and answers, not adopting stereo-typed question-answer approach practiced in certain books in the market, bridging the two areas of theory and practice with respect to the core areas of chemical engineering. Most parts of the book are easily understandable by those who are not experts in the field. Fluid Mechanics chapters include basics on non-Newtonian systems which, for instance find importance in polymer and food processing, flow through piping, flow measurement, pumps, mixing technology and fluidization and two phase flow. For example it covers types of pumps and valves, membranes and areas of their use, different equipment commonly used in chemical industry and their merits and drawbacks. Heat Transfer chapters cover the basics involved in conduction, convection and radiation, with emphasis on insulation, heat exchangers, evaporators, condensers, reboilers and fired heaters. Design methods, performance, operational issues and maintenance problems are highlighted. Topics such as heat pipes, heat pumps, heat tracing, steam traps, refrigeration, cooling of electronic devices, NOx control find place in the book. Mass transfer chapters cover basics such as diffusion, theories, analogies, mass transfer coefficients and mass transfer with chemical reaction, equipment such as tray and packed columns, column internals including structural packings, design, operational and installation issues, drums and separators are discussed in good detail. Absorption, distillation, extraction and leaching with applications and design methods, including emerging practices involving Divided Wall and Petluk column arrangements, multicomponent separations, supercritical solvent extraction find place in the book.

Fundamentals of Heat and Fluid Flow in High Temperature Fuel Cells

Fundamentals of Heat and Fluid Flow in High Temperature Fuel Cells
A Book

by Majid Ghassemi,Majid Kamvar,Robert Steinberger-Wilckens

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-08-18
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 0128157542
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Heat and Fluid Flow in High Temperature Fuel Cells introduces key-concepts relating to heat, fluid and mass transfer as applied to high temperature fuel cells. The book briefly covers different type of fuel cells and discusses solid oxide fuel cells in detail, presenting related mass, momentum, energy and species equation. It then examines real case studies of hydrogen- and methane-fed SOFC, as well as combined heat and power and hybrid energy systems. This comprehensive reference is a useful resource for those working in high temperature fuel cell modeling and development, including energy researchers, engineers and graduate students. Provides broad coverage of key concepts relating to heat transfer and fluid flow in high temperature fuel cells Presents in-depth knowledge of solid oxide fuel cells and their application in different kinds of heat and power systems Examines real-life case studies, covering different types of fuels and combined systems, including CHP

Transport in Biological Media

Transport in Biological Media
A Book

by Sid Becker,Andrey Kuznetsov

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-05-21
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN : 0123978491
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transport in Biological Media is a solid resource of mathematical models for researchers across a broad range of scientific and engineering problems such as the effects of drug delivery, chemotherapy, or insulin intake to interpret transport experiments in areas of cutting edge biological research. A wide range of emerging theoretical and experimental mathematical methodologies are offered by biological topic to appeal to individual researchers to assist them in solving problems in their specific area of research. Researchers in biology, biophysics, biomathematics, chemistry, engineers and clinical fields specific to transport modeling will find this resource indispensible. Provides detailed mathematical model development to interpret experiments and provides current modeling practices Provides a wide range of biological and clinical applications Includes physiological descriptions of models

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing
A Book

by Da-Wen Sun

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-26
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN : 1351263471
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since many processes in the food industry involve fluid flow and heat and mass transfer, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) provides a powerful early-stage simulation tool for gaining a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the performance of food processing, allowing engineers to test concepts all the way through the development of a process or system. Published in 2007, the first edition was the first book to address the use of CFD in food processing applications, and its aims were to present a comprehensive review of CFD applications for the food industry and pinpoint the research and development trends in the development of the technology; to provide the engineer and technologist working in research, development, and operations in the food industry with critical, comprehensive, and readily accessible information on the art and science of CFD; and to serve as an essential reference source to undergraduate and postgraduate students and researchers in universities and research institutions. This will continue to be the purpose of this second edition. In the second edition, in order to reflect the most recent research and development trends in the technology, only a few original chapters are updated with the latest developments. Therefore, this new edition mostly contains new chapters covering the analysis and optimization of cold chain facilities, simulation of thermal processing and modeling of heat exchangers, and CFD applications in other food processes.

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
A Book

by Majid Ghassemi,Azadeh Shahidian

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-03-15
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0128038527
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow focuses on the use of nanoparticles for bio application and bio-fluidics from an engineering perspective. It introduces the mechanisms underlying thermal and fluid interaction of nanoparticles with biological systems. This book will help readers translate theory into real world applications, such as drug delivery and lab-on-a-chip. The content covers how transport at the nano-scale differs from the macro-scale, also discussing what complications can arise in a biologic system at the nano-scale. It is ideal for students and early career researchers, engineers conducting experimental work on relevant applications, or those who develop computer models to investigate/design these systems. Content coverage includes biofluid mechanics, transport phenomena, micro/nano fluid flows, and heat transfer. Discusses nanoparticle applications in drug delivery Covers the engineering fundamentals of bio heat transfer and fluid flow Explains how to simulate, analyze, and evaluate the transportation of heat and mass problems in bio-systems

STAR

STAR
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984-02
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels
A Book

by Satish Kandlikar,Srinivas Garimella,Dongqing Li,Stephane Colin,Michael R. King

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2013-10-25
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 0080983510
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Heat exchangers with minichannel and microchannel flow passages are becoming increasingly popular due to their ability to remove large heat fluxes under single-phase and two-phase applications. Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels methodically covers gas, liquid, and electrokinetic flows, as well as flow boiling and condensation, in minichannel and microchannel applications. Examining biomedical applications as well, the book is an ideal reference for anyone involved in the design processes of microchannel flow passages in a heat exchanger. Each chapter is accompanied by a real-life case study New edition of the first book that solely deals with heat and fluid flow in minichannels and microchannels Presents findings that are directly useful to designers; researchers can use the information in developing new models or identifying research needs

Transport Phenomena in Biological Systems

Transport Phenomena in Biological Systems
A Book

by George A. Truskey,Fan Yuan,David F. Katz

  • Publisher : Prentice Hall
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 860
  • ISBN : 0131569880
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presenting engineering fundamentals and biological applications in a unified way, this book provides learners with the skills necessary to develop and critically analyze models of biological transport and reaction processes. It covers topics in fluid mechanics, mass transport, and biochemical interactions, with engineering concepts motivated by specific biological problems. For researchers in biomedical engineering.

Fundamentals of Biomedical Transport Processes

Fundamentals of Biomedical Transport Processes
A Book

by Gerald E. Miller

  • Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 63
  • ISBN : 1598298666
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transport processes represent important life-sustaining elements in all humans. These include mass transfer processes, including gas exchange in the lungs, transport across capillaries and alveoli, transport across the kidneys, and transport across cell membranes. These mass transfer processes affect how oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged in your bloodstream, how metabolic waste products are removed from your blood, how nutrients are transported to tissues, and how all cells function throughout the body. A discussion of kidney dialysis and gas exchange mechanisms is included. Another element in biomedical transport processes is that of momentum transport and fluid flow. This describes how blood is propelled from the heart and throughout the cardiovascular system, how blood elements affect the body, including gas exchange, infection control, clotting of blood, and blood flow resistance, which affects cardiac work. A discussion of the measurement of the blood resistance to flow (viscosity), blood flow, and pressure is also included. A third element in transport processes in the human body is that of heat transfer, including heat transfer inside the body towards the periphery as well as heat transfer from the body to the environment. A discussion of temperature measurements and body protection in extreme heat conditions is also included. Table of Contents: Biomedical Mass Transport / Biofluid Mechanics and Momentum Transport / Biomedical Heat Transport

Fluid Mechanics for Marine Ecologists

Fluid Mechanics for Marine Ecologists
A Book

by Stanislaw R. Massel

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN : 3642602096
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Showing marine ecologists, oceanographers and marine engineers how ocean waters interact with, influence and constrain life in the ocean, this package makes the physical processes intelligible to biologists with a modicum of mathematics. Part I of the book examines classical fluid mechanics such as laminar and turbulent flow, boundary layers, and forces induced by flow. Part II deals with large-scale flows, such as waves, large ocean currents, and tides, which are beyond the scope of classic fluid mechanics. In Part III, the link between hydrodynamics of ocean flows and marine ecology is demonstrated by examples of well-established phenomena and processes. The CD-ROM contains 12 ready-to-use computer programs on the calculation, representation and simulation of various processes.

Flow and Heat Or Mass Transfer in the Chemical Process Industry

Flow and Heat Or Mass Transfer in the Chemical Process Industry
A Book

by Quoc T. Nguyen,Dimitrios V. Papavassiliou

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9783038972396
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Flow through process equipment in a chemical or manufacturing plant (e.g., heat exchangers, reactors, catalyst regeneration units, separation units, pumps, pipes, smoke stacks, et cetera) is usually coupled with heat and/or mass transfer. Rigorous investigation of this coupling of momentum, heat, and mass transfer is not only important for the practice of designing process equipment, but is also important for improving our overall theoretical understanding of transfer phenomena. While generalizations and empiricisms, like the concept of the heat transfer coefficient or the widely used Reynolds analogy in turbulence, or the use of empirical transfer equations for flow in separation towers and reactors packed with porous media, have served practical needs in prior decades, such empiricisms can now be revised or altogether replaced by bringing modern experimental and computational tools to bear in understanding the interplay between flow and transfer. The patterns of flow play a critical role in enhancing the transfer of heat and mass. Typical examples are the coherent flow structures in turbulent boundary layers, which are responsible for turbulent transfer and mixing in a heat exchanger and for dispersion from a smoke stack, and the flow patterns that are a function of the configuration of a porous medium and are responsible for transfer in a fixed bed reactor or a fluid bed regenerator unit. The goal of this Special Issue is to be a forum for recent developments in theory, state-of-the-art experiments and computations on the interactions between flow and transfer in single and multi-phase flow, and from small scales to large scales, which can be important for the design of equipment in a chemical processing plant.

Heat and Mass Transfer in Energy Systems

Heat and Mass Transfer in Energy Systems
A Book

by Alessandro Mauro,Nicola Massarotti

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-01-09
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 3039219820
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent years, the interest of the scientific community towards efficient energy systems has significantly increased. One of the reasons is certainly related to the change in the temperature of the planet, which has increased by 0.76 °C with respect to preindustrial levels, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and is still increasing. The European Union considers it vital to prevent global warming from exceeding 2 °C with respect to pre-industrial levels, as it has been proven that this will result in irreversible and potentially catastrophic changes. These changes in climate are mainly caused by greenhouse gas emissions related to human activities, and can be drastically reduced by employing energy systems for the heating and cooling of buildings, as well as for power production, characterized by high efficiency levels and/or based on renewable energy sources. This Special Issue, published in the Energies journal, includes 13 contributions from across the world, including a wide range of applications such as hybrid residential renewable energy systems, desiccant-based air handling units, heat exchanges for engine WHR, solar chimney systems, and other interesting topics.

Biological Wastewater Treatment Processes

Biological Wastewater Treatment Processes
Mass and Heat Balances

by Davide Dionisi

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-02-03
  • Pages : 467
  • ISBN : 1351670891
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The focus of the book is on how to use mass and heat balances to simulate and design biological wastewater treatment processes. All the main processes for biological wastewater treatment are covered viz. activated sludge processes for carbon and nitrogen removal, anaerobic digestion, sequencing batch reactors, and attached growth processes.

Nanoparticle Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

Nanoparticle Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
A Book

by W. J. Minkowycz,E M Sparrow,J. P. Abraham

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 1439861951
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Featuring contributions by leading researchers in the field, Nanoparticle Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow explores heat transfer and fluid flow processes in nanomaterials and nanofluids, which are becoming increasingly important across the engineering disciplines. The book covers a wide range, from biomedical and energy conversion applications to materials properties, and addresses aspects that are essential for further progress in the field, including numerical quantification, modeling, simulation, and presentation. Topics include: A broad review of nanofluid applications, including industrial heat transfer, biomedical engineering, electronics, energy conversion, membrane filtration, and automotive An overview of thermofluids and their importance in biomedical applications and heat-transfer enhancement A deeper look at biomedical applications such as nanoparticle hyperthermia treatments for cancers Issues in energy conversion from dispersed forms to more concentrated and utilizable forms Issues in nanofluid properties, which are less predictable and less repeatable than those of other media that participate in fluid flow and heat transfer Advances in computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling of membrane filtration at the microscale The role of nanofluids as a coolant in microchannel heat transfer for the thermal management of electronic equipment The potential enhancement of natural convection due to nanoparticles Examining key topics and applications in nanoscale heat transfer and fluid flow, this comprehensive book presents the current state of the art and a view of the future. It offers a valuable resource for experts as well as newcomers interested in developing innovative modeling and numerical simulation in this growing field.