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High-Risk Pollutants in Wastewater

High-Risk Pollutants in Wastewater
A Book

by Hongqiang Ren,Xuxiang Zhang

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-01
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0128175141
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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High-Risk Pollutants in Wastewater presents the basic knowledge regarding the diversity, concentrations, and health and environmental impacts of HRPs in municipal wastewater. The book summarizes information on the types (e.g. heavy metals, toxic organics and pathogens) and toxicities of HRPs in wastewater. In addition, it describes ecological and health hazards arising from the living things’ direct/indirect contacts with the HRPs during their full lifecycles (generation, disposal, discharge and reuse) in wastewater or water environments. Sections cover the concepts of appropriate technology for HRP hazard/risk assessment and wastewater treatment/reuse and the issues of strategy and policy for increasing risk control coverage. Finally, the book focuses on the resolution of water quality monitoring, wastewater treatment and disposal problems in both developed and developing countries. Presents information on HRPs and their risk assessment and control technologies Provides basic knowledge regarding the diversity, concentrations, and health and environmental impacts of HRPs in municipal wastewater Summarizes information on the types (e.g. heavy metals, toxic organics and pathogens) and toxicities of HRPs in wastewater

Water Quality

Water Quality
A Book

by Hlanganani Tutu

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-01-18
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 9535128817
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As concerns increase over the scarcity of water resources and the role of anthropogenic activities, water quality is evermore important. Activities ranging from agriculture to mining have had a bearing on the quality of water that they impact. Several studies assessing such impacts have been conducted at local and global scales over the years. This book, consisting of contributions by authors in various water-related fields, delves into some approaches that are used to understand and/or to improve water quality, and these include assessment of water chemistry, biomonitoring, modelling and water treatment. This book will be useful to environmental scientists, water professionals, researchers, academics and students.

Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products: Waste Management and Treatment Technology

Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products: Waste Management and Treatment Technology
Emerging Contaminants and Micro Pollutants

by Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad,Meththika Vithanage,Atya Kapley

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2019-04-04
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 0128165901
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products Waste Management and Treatment Technology: Emerging Contaminants and Micro Pollutants provides the tools and techniques for identifying these contaminates and applying the most effective technology for their remediation, recovery and treatment. The consumption of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) has grown significantly over the last 35 years, thus increasing their potential risk to the environment. As PPCPs are very difficult to detect and remove using conventional wastewater treatment methods, this book provides solutions to a growing problem. Includes sampling, analytical and characterization methods and technology for detecting PPCPs in the environment Provides advanced treatment and disposal technologies for the removal of PPCPs from wastewater, surface water, landfills and septic systems Examines the pathways of PPCPs into the environment

Hazardous Pollutants in Biological Treatment Systems

Hazardous Pollutants in Biological Treatment Systems
Fundamentals and a Guide to Experimental Research

by Ferhan Çeçen,Ulaş Tezel

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2017-11-15
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 178040770X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hazardous pollutants are a growing concern in treatment engineering. In the past, biological treatment was mainly used for the removal of bulk organic matter and the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorous. However, relatively recently the issue of hazardous pollutants, which are present at very low concentrations in wastewaters and waters but are very harmful to both ecosystems and humans, is becoming increasingly important. Today, treatment of hazardous pollutants in the water environment becomes a challenge as the water quality standards become stricter. Hazardous Pollutants in Biological Treatment Systems focuses entirely on hazardous pollutants in biological treatment and gives an elaborate insight into their fate and effects during biological treatment of wastewater and water. Currently, in commercial and industrial products and processes, thousands of chemicals are used that reach water. Many of those chemicals are carcinogens, mutagens, endocrine disruptors and toxicants. Therefore, water containing hazardous pollutants should be treated before discharged to the environment or consumed by humans. This book first addresses the characteristics, occurrence and origin of hazardous organic and inorganic pollutants. Then, it concentrates on the fate and effects of these pollutants in biological wastewater and drinking water treatment units. It also provides details about analysis of hazardous pollutants, experimental methodologies, computational tools used to assist experiments, evaluation of experimental data and examination of microbial ecology by molecular microbiology and genetic tools. Hazardous Pollutants in Biological Treatment Systems is an essential resource to the researcher or the practitioner who is already involved with hazardous pollutants and biological processes or intending to do so. The text will also be useful for professionals working in the field of water and wastewater treatment.

Wastewater Reuse - Risk Assessment, Decision-Making and Environmental Security

Wastewater Reuse - Risk Assessment, Decision-Making and Environmental Security
A Book

by Mohammed K. Zaidi

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-05-23
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN : 1402060270
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume features the proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop "Wastewater Reuse - Risk Assessment, Decision-Making and Environmental Security", held in Istanbul, Turkey, in October 2006. It contains 45 papers that cover the current situation of water management in the world and especially the Middle-east and Mediterranean regions, addressing some of the most difficult international conflicts.

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination
A Book

by Maria C. Hernandez Soriano

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2014-03-26
  • Pages : 920
  • ISBN : 953511235X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.

Wastewater Re-use and Groundwater Quality

Wastewater Re-use and Groundwater Quality
A Book

by J. H. A. M. Steenvoorden,Theodore A. Endreny

  • Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 111
  • ISBN : 9781901502527
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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International Conference on 21st Century Challenges to Sustainable Agri-Food Systems

International Conference on 21st Century Challenges to Sustainable Agri-Food Systems
Biotechnology, Environment, Nutrition, Trade and Policy, 15th-17th March, 2007

by P. G. Chengappa,Nareppa Nagaraj,Ramesh Kanwar

  • Publisher : I. K. International Pvt Ltd
  • Release : 2007-01-01
  • Pages : 830
  • ISBN : 818986629X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Of late, farming community in India has been facing new challenges of food and nutrition security, human health and structural adjustment to comply with WTO stipulations on the one hand and sustainable environment on the other. The overuse of fertilizers and chemicals, and depleting water resources are essentially threatening the sustainability of Indian agriculture. The slow growth of agriculture sector mainly due to stagnation in productivity growth is a grave concern for policy-makers and development planners. The key challenge to India's agriculture in the 21st century in the wake of open global economy lies in designing, developing and managing agricultural systems that enable farmers to be efficient, equitable and sustainable in the bio-physical and socio-cultural environments. This book has deliberated on the key issues of sustainable agriculture in the context of emerging technologies, policies and institutions by promoting efficiency, equity and better management of natural resources. In the process, thoughts and experience of world-class leaders in agricultural education, research, extension, policy, agri-business and development in addressing the challenges confronting farmers have been documented

Biological Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery

Biological Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery
A Book

by Robina Farooq,Zaki Ahmad

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-03-29
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9535130455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biological treatment of wastewater is a low-cost solution for remediation of wastewater. This book focuses on the bioremediation of wastewater, its management, monitoring, role of biofilms on wastewater treatment and energy recovery. It emphasizes on organic, inorganic and micropollutants entering into the environment after conventional wastewater treatment facilities of industrial, agricultural and domestic wastewaters. The occurrence of persistent pollutants poses deleterious effects on human and environmental health. Simple solution for recovery of energy as well as water during biological treatment of wastewater is a viable option. This book provides necessary knowledge and experimental studies on emerging bioremediation processes for reducing water, air and soil pollution.

Studies on the Biological Treatment of Wastewater from Starch Industry for Pollution Control

Studies on the Biological Treatment of Wastewater from Starch Industry for Pollution Control
A Book

by Shubhaneel Neogi

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2020-07-07
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 3346197972
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2020 in the subject Biology - Miscellaneous, grade: A, National Institute Of Technology Durgapur (National Institute of Technology Durgapur), course: PhD in Biotechnology, language: English, abstract: The present research work was undertaken for the biological treatment of starch industry wastewater for pollution control. Starch industry effluent generates a large volume of wastewater with strong acidity and enormous carbon and nitrogen pollutants. In the present study, the development of low pH methanogens and anammox microorganisms were given special attention. Low pH methanogenic reactor and anammox reactor were fabricated for the biological treatment of corn starch industry effluent. In the first part of the work, low pH tolerant methanogens were isolated from peat bog of leaf debris. It showed the presence of Gram-negative, non-spore forming, and cocci with creamish black colour colonies. The leaf debris inoculum was taken for optimum COD removal under anaerobic conditions. Identification and isolation of anammox group of bacteria were performed using enrichment and 16S rRNA amplicon analysis. The objective of the study was to remove ammonia under the anaerobic condition from starch industry effluent. The media optimization using carbon and nitrogen source was undertaken which is required for anammox enrichment. The physical growth factors like temperature and pH were optimized. The optimized temperature and pH were 39 0C and 7.2 respectively. Some restrictive growth factors like salinity and antibiotic concentration were also studied which were found insignificant in our study. Finally, the overall process was scaled up in the laboratory reactor. The reactor study revealed that in the anaerobic reactor 1.16 kg COD/kg VSS/d was removed producing 42-46% methane as output gas. The anammox reactor was able to reduce 82% nitrogen load from starch industry effluent at the rate of 1.5 kg/m3/d after 568 days of initiation.

Environmental Quality

Environmental Quality
The ... Annual Report of the Council on Environmental Quality

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wastewater Irrigation and Health

Wastewater Irrigation and Health
Assessing and Mitigating Risk in Low-income Countries

by Pay Drechsel

  • Publisher : IWMI
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 1844077969
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In many countries wastewater treatment systems are hardly functioning or have a very low coverage, resulting in very poor quality water being used for irrigation and the cultivation of consumable produce. This can create significant risks to public health, particularly in expanding urban areas. Wastewater Irrigation and Health approaches this serious problem from a practical and realistic perspective, addressing the issues of health risk assessment and reduction in developing country settings. The book therefore complements other books on the topic of wastewater which tend to target high-end treatment options or merely report that wastewater irrigation is a common phenomenon. The editors of Wastewater Irrigation and Health move the focus onto quantifying risk in order to reduce it. It presents the state-of-the-art on low-cost options for health risk reduction in line with the multiple barrier approach of the 2006 guidelines published by the World Health Organization. The authorship includes a mix of agronomists and engineers who have been working closely with social scientists and health experts, from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and Australia. The chapters highlight experiences across the developing world with case studies from different parts of sub-Saharan Africa (Ghana, Dakar, Mauritania, South Africa), Asia (India, Pakistan, Vietnam, Bangladesh), Mexico and MENA (Jordan, Tunisia). The book thus clearly establishes a connection between agriculture and sanitation, which is often the missing link in the current discussion on resource recovery.

Inclusive Growth and Development in the 21st Century

Inclusive Growth and Development in the 21st Century
A Structural and Institutional Analysis of China and India

by Dilip Dutta

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2014-03-10
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9814556904
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using case studies of both China and India, this book reinforces the fact that the processes of economic growth and development are dynamic and organic in the sense that structural and institutional elements are not only interrelated, but also constantly changing in their patterns of interactions — more so during the transitional period of both countries. Inclusiveness or its lack in some specific socio-economic sector/context, geographical region/state or economy as a whole is critically analysed, using recent data on both the countries from different sources. Contents:Structuralism and Institutionalism in Development Economics/Studies:Convergence of Structuralism and Institutionalism in Development Economics and Studies — Revisited (Dilip Dutta)Structural and Institutional Analysis of Contemporary China's Growth and Development:Shifting the Discourse on China's Growth and Development: It is the Quality Not the Speed of Growth That Matters (Limin Wang)Major Factors Behind Regional Disparity of Economic Growth in China During 1996–2010 (Dilip Dutta and Yibai Yang)Inclusive Growth and SME Finance in China (Wei Li and Hans Hendrischke)Service Sector's Growth in China: The Role of ICT, Non-ICT and Human Capitals (Dilip Dutta and Guan Long Ren)Structural and Institutional Analysis of Contemporary India's Growth and Development:Compressed Capitalism and the Challenges for Inclusive Development in India (Anthony P D'Costa)Socio-Economic Dynamics of the ICT Industry's Regional Growth in India (Dilip Dutta and Supriyo De)Women's Employment as a Barometer of ‘Inclusive Growth’: How Well is India Doing? (Elizabeth Hill)Initiatives for Inclusive Growth at the State level: Challenges for Andhra Pradesh (Meera Lal) Readership: Students, academics, economists, business analysts, policy makers, and general public interested in Chinese and Indian economies. Keywords:Inclusive Growth;Economic Development;Structuralism;Institutionalism;Socio-Economic Dynamics;China's Growth and Development;Regional Growth in IndiaKey Features:Highlights the relevance of two newer methodologies of neostructuralism and new institutionalism for socio-economic analysis of contemporary China and IndiaAnalyzes the nature of economic growth and developmentin China since the early 1980s and India since the early 1990sFocuses on a number of China's and India'ssocio-economic and political issues including speed and quality of growth, regional disparity, women's employment, structure of national and global capitalismEvaluates role of human capital, finance, information and communication technologyExamines inclusiveness or its lack in the context of economic growth and development in both China and India

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater

Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater
Advanced Treatment Technologies

by Ajay Kumar Mishra,Hossain Md Anawar,Nadjib Drouiche

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-01
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 0128146745
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emerging and Nanomaterial Contaminants in Wastewater: Advanced Treatment Technologies describes the state-of-the-art of remediation technologies, such as those involving nanotechnology, filtration devices (e.g. membranes), strategies involving adsorption and precipitation processes, development of new sorbents, nanosorbents, biosorbents, green technology, bio-electrokinetics, degradation of pollutants, advanced oxidative process, oxidative electrochemical and photocatalytic processes, catalytic degradation, and emerging hybrid technologies, such as photocatalyst membrane photoreactors using TiO2. Scientists and researchers in academia and industry will benefit from this comprehensive resource on the fundamental science behind the mechanisms at which wastewater sources can be purified from emerging contaminants. Provides a fundamental understanding of emerging contaminants to help readers select appropriate remediation technologies Discusses, in detail, new and advanced green technologies that remove emerging contaminants from wastewater Shows how to ensure water quality and save public health by protecting water resources from contaminants

Phenolic Compounds

Phenolic Compounds
Natural Sources, Importance and Applications

by Marcos Soto-Hernández,Mariana Palma Tenango,Rosario García-Mateos

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-03-15
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 9535129570
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Phenolic compounds as a large class of metabolites found in plants have attracted attention since long time ago due to their properties and the hope that they will show beneficial health effects when taken as dietary supplements. This book presents the state of the art of some of the natural sources of phenolic compounds, for example, medicinal plants, grapes or blue maize, as well as the modern methods of extraction, quantification, and identification, and there is a special section discussing the treatment, removal, and degradation of phenols, an important issue in those phenols derived from the pharmaceutical or petrochemical industries.

Guidelines for Screening National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permits

Guidelines for Screening National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permits
A Book

by Howard David Tait

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Inorganic Pollutants in Water

Inorganic Pollutants in Water
A Book

by Pooja Devi,Pardeep Singh,Sushil Kumar Kansal

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020-03
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN : 0128189657
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Inorganic Pollutants in Water provides a clear understanding of inorganic pollutants and the challenges they cause in aquatic environments. The book explores the point of source, how they enter water, the effects they have, and their eventual detection and removal. Through a series of case studies, the authors explore the success of the detection and removal techniques they have developed. Users will find this to be a single platform of information on inorganic pollutants that is ideal for researchers, engineers and technologists working in the fields of environmental science, environmental engineering and chemical engineering/ sustainability. Through this text, the authors introduce new researchers to the problem of inorganic contaminants in water, while also presenting the current state-of-the-art in terms of research and technologies to tackle this problem.

Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle

Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle
Occurrence and Transformation in the Environment

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2007-10-10
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 9780080549705
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called "emerging" contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are constantly being introduced into the environment, mainly as a result of the manufacturing process. Over time, this level of chemical input may lead to long-term concentrations and promote continual, but unnoticed adverse effects on aquatic and terrestrial organisms. Analysis, Fate and Removal of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle discusses state-of-the-art analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples while reviewing the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle (elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment). Focus is given to the newest developments in the treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advance oxidation processes. * Well-structured overview of latest developments in trace determination * Concise and critical compilation of literature published over the past few years * Focuses on new treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advance oxidation processes.

US EPA ETV Program for Metal Finishing Pollution Prevention Technologies Verification Test Plan

US EPA ETV Program for Metal Finishing Pollution Prevention Technologies Verification Test Plan
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1422332071
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Future Groundwater Resources at Risk

Future Groundwater Resources at Risk
A Book

by Jouko Soveri,Tuulikki Suokko

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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