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How Sex and Gender Impact Clinical Practice

How Sex and Gender Impact Clinical Practice
An Evidence-Based Guide to Patient Care

by Marjorie R. Jenkins,Connie B. Newman

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-12-02
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0128167505
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How Sex and Gender Impact Clinical Practice: An Evidence-Based Guide to Patient Care enables primary care clinicians by providing a framework to understand differences and better care for patients in their practice. Each chapter covers a subspecialty in medicine and discusses the influence of sex hormones on disease, along with sex and gender-based differences in clinical presentation, physical examination, laboratory results, treatment regimens, comorbidities and prognosis. Illustrative case examples and practical practice points help each chapter come alive. A special chapter on communication differences between men and women assists clinicians in their conversations with patients. This book fills an important need by applying years of research findings to sex and gender specific medical care and demonstrating that an individualized approach to patient care will lead to improved detection, treatment and prevention of disease. Explores the effects of sex and gender on disease presentation, treatment and prognosis, and how these differences influence clinical decision-making Provides practical guidance that helps clinicians implement a more individualized approach to patient care Contains information on diseases in each major specialty, as well as chapters on communication, pharmacology and public health challenges

Lesbian Identity and Contemporary Psychotherapy

Lesbian Identity and Contemporary Psychotherapy
A Framework for Clinical Practice

by Eda Goldstein,Lois Horowitz

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 1134907346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent contributions to the psychoanalytic and psychotherapeutic literature have moved beyond traditional views of lesbianism, but they have tended to address lesbian identity from one theoretical vantage point or another. Rarely have new ideas been linked to the process issues that arise in actual clinical situations. Lesbian Identity and Contemporary Psychotherapy undertakes this very task, and, in so doing, documents the therapeutic gains that result from validating lesbian sexual identity and life experience. Drawing on contemporary relational thinking and new perspectives on gender and sexuality, Goldstein and Horowitz describe and illustrate an affirmative approach to clinical work with lesbians at various stages of the life cycle. Adolescent, young adult, and family issues are all brought within their compass. Making ample use of case vignettes, they demonstrate the ways in which therapists can elicit their patients' personal narratives of self-acceptance as lesbians and coming out experiences; work with the transference and countertransference dynamics subsequent to such disclosures; and finally explore the collaborative process through which therapist and patient seek to understand their therapeutic interaction. A range of life circumstances are brought within the authors' refreshingly "hands-on" clinical approach. Special consideration is given to issues arising when lesbians date and initiate romantic relationships and to the relationship problems that develop in ongoing partnerships during the middle and later years. The book concludes by discussing the issues faced by lesbian therapists in treating lesbian patients and in interacting with heterosexual colleagues. An exemplary overview of newer views of lesbian identity and of the challenges of lesbian life, Lesbian Identity and Contemporary Psychotherapy is equally valuable as an up to date, relationally informed guide to clinical work with lesbian patients.

Sex and Gender Differences in Alzheimer's Disease

Sex and Gender Differences in Alzheimer's Disease
A Book

by Maria Teresa Ferretti,Annemarie Schumacher Dimech,Antonella Santuccione Chadha

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-08-05
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 012819345X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sex and Gender Differences in Alzheimer’s Disease: The Women's Brain Project offers, for the first time, a critical overview of the evidence documenting sex and gender differences in AD neurobiology, biomarkers, clinical presentation, treatment, clinical trials and their outcomes and impact on caregivers. This knowledge is crucial for clinical development, digital health solutions, and as social and psychological support to AD families. Presents comprehensive and critical reviews of sex differences in Alzheimer’s disease Combines the knowledge and points-of-view of neuroscientists, medical doctors, psychologists and AI experts for a 360 degree view on the topic and its possible implications Edited by the Women’s Brain Project, the leading NGO in the field of sex differences in neuroscience

Sex and Gender Differences in Pharmacology

Sex and Gender Differences in Pharmacology
A Book

by Vera Regitz-Zagrosek

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-10-02
  • Pages : 602
  • ISBN : 3642307264
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the very first book to deal with sex and gender differences in drug therapy - an increasingly recognized medical need. It starts with an overview on S/G in clinical syndromes and a documentation of the medical and socioeconomic damage caused by gender specific adverse drug effects. Part I covers S/G differences in pharmacokinetics. Researchers will be satisfied by the detailed discussion of the mechanisms of S/G differences in drug effects that represents cutting edge science and includes interaction of drugs with sex hormones, genomic and epigenetic mechanisms. It also covers S/G in drug development, in animal models and clinical development and S/G in drug prescriptions. Part II targets S/G differences in drug effects in cardiovascular, pulmonary, CNS, neuromuscular, neuropsychiatric and metabolic diseases, in cancer, inflammation, and rheumatic diseases, in bacterial and retroviral infections, thrombosis, embolism. New drugs will be discussed.

Gender Change in Academia

Gender Change in Academia
Re-Mapping the Fields of Work, Knowledge, and Politics from a Gender Perspective

by Birgit Riegraf,Brigitte Aulenbacher,Edit Kirsch-Auwärter,Ursula Müller

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-07-15
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 3531925016
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Editors’ Foreword The fundamental changes currently taking place in the national and international science landscapes can no longer be overlooked. Within those changes, reforms do not go ‘as planned’ but, as is always the case with processes of rationali- tion, have a series of unintended effects. At the same time it becomes incre- ingly clear who in this process are the winners and who are the losers, although this is still subject to fluctuation and change. This can be illustrated by two - amples from current events: Where the range of taught courses is concerned, as part of the Bologna Process the new structuring of student study paths and their organisation is aimed at unifying the European area of science to ensure a study that is equally permissive and efficient. However, it is to be deplored that the mobility of s- dents has become more restricted because of an increasing specialisation in the available study paths. Also, bachelor degrees do not meet with the anticipated high response from the labour market in all countries, so that the master’s degree is becoming more or less a ‘must’, while at the same time the number of study places on master’s courses is limited. Instead of the intended reduction in the duration of study time in comparison to the previous German ‘Magister’ and ‘Diplom’, rather a prolongation in the duration of studies has been recorded.

Sex and Gender in Acute Care Medicine

Sex and Gender in Acute Care Medicine
A Book

by Alyson J. McGregor,Esther K. Choo,Bruce M. Becker

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2016-05-20
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1316688275
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Until the past decade, clinicians and researchers assumed that the medical evaluation and treatment of both women and men were the same. This archaic and dangerous notion persisted in spite of the clear anatomic and physiologic differences between the genders. Today, we fully understand that this paradigm is false. In all specialties of medicine, practitioners and researchers are beginning to consider the influence of sex and gender and how it should inform the care of their patients. This book focuses on the issue of sex and gender in the evaluation and treatment of patients specifically in the delivery of acute medical care. It serves as a guide both to clinicians interested in the impact of sex and gender on their practice and to researchers interested in the current state of the art in the field and critical future research directions.

Sex and Gender in Biomedicine

Sex and Gender in Biomedicine
Theories, Methodologies, Results

by Gesine Thea Klinge,Claudia Wiesemann

  • Publisher : Universitätsverlag Göttingen
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN : 3941875264
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sex and gender in biomedicine are innovative research concepts of theoretical and clinical medicine that enable a better understanding of health and disease, evidence-based knowledge, effective therapies, and better health outcomes for women and men. Gender Medicine stimulates new ways of doing research: that is to consider sex and gender at all levels of research, from basic research into gene polymorphisms to health behaviour. New research questions have been put forward that focus not on differences per se but on the development of differences. In this book, contributions from the field of neuroscience, addiction research, and organ transplantation exemplify concepts, approaches, methods and results in the field.

Neuroimaging of Pain

Neuroimaging of Pain
A Book

by Luca Saba

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-08
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN : 3319480464
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Authored by world renowned scientists, this book expertly reviews all the imaging techniques and exciting new methods for the analysis of the pain, including novel tracers, biomarker, metabolomic and gene-array profiling, together with cellular, genetic, and molecular approaches. Recent advances in human brain imaging techniques have allowed a better understand of the functional connectivity in pain pathways, as well as the functional and anatomical alterations that occur in chronic pain patients. Modern imaging techniques have permitted rapid progress in the understanding of networks in the brain related to pain processing and those related to different types of pain modulation. Neuroimaging of Pain is designed to be a valuable resource for radiologists, neuroradiologists, neurologists and neuroscientists, working in hospitals and universities from junior trainees to consultants.

Sex Matters

Sex Matters
How male-centric medicine endangers women's health and what we can do about it

by Dr Alyson J. McGregor

  • Publisher : Hachette UK
  • Release : 2020-05-19
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1529405912
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'McGregor is kickass; a respected crusader. If you're a woman, she's definitely the doctor you'd want to see in an emergency or to install as head of medical education' The Times A clarion call about the dangers of medicine for women, as well as a manual for how women can get the right care for their bodies. Sex Matters tackles one of the most urgent, yet unspoken issues facing women's health care today: all models of medical research and practice are based on male-centric models that ignore the unique biological and emotional differences between men and women - an omission that endangers women's lives. The facts surrounding how male-centric medicine impacts women's health every day are chilling: in the ER, women are more likely to receive a psychiatric diagnosis with regard to opioid use, while men are more likely to be referred for detoxification; the more vocal women become about their pain, the more likely their providers are to prescribe either inadequate or inappropriate pain relief medication; women often present with nontraditional symptoms of stroke, which causes delays in recognition by both them and their health professionals; and a government accountability study found that 80% of drugs that are withdrawn from the market are due to side effects that happen to women (a result of testing drugs mostly on men). Leading expert on sex and gender medicine Dr Alyson McGregor focuses on the key areas where these differences are most potentially harmful, addressing: · Cardiac and stroke diagnosis and treatment in women; · Prescription and dosing of pharmaceuticals; · Subjective evaluation of women's symptoms; · Pain and pain management; · Hormones and female biochemistry (including prescribed hormones); · How economic status, race, and gender identity are additional critical factors. Not only does Dr McGregor explore these disparities in depth, she shares clear, practical suggestions for what we can do. A work of riveting expose, revelatory insights into the medical establishment and actionable guidance for putting this information to use, Sex Matters is an empowering roadmap for reinventing modern medicine - and for self-care.

Encyclopedia of Women and Gender, Two-Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Women and Gender, Two-Volume Set
Sex Similarities and Differences and the Impact of Society on Gender

by Judith Worell

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2001-09-27
  • Pages : 1256
  • ISBN : 0122272455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covers the psychology of women, the psychology of men, and gender differences while discussing psychological differences in personality, cognition, and behavior, as well as biologically based differences and how those differences impact behavior.

Handbook of Evidence-Based Mental Health Practice with Sexual and Gender Minorities

Handbook of Evidence-Based Mental Health Practice with Sexual and Gender Minorities
A Book

by John E. Pachankis,Steven A. Safren

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2019-04-01
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0190669314
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Historically, mental health clinical research has taken inadequate account of psychosocial disorders experienced by those who identify as sexual and gender minorities, however, researchers have recently begun developing and adapting evidence-based mental health treatment approaches for use with these groups. Handbook of Evidence-Based Mental Health Practice with Sexual and Gender Minorities offers a comprehensive array of evidence-based approaches for treating sexual and gender minority clients' mental health concerns. The interventions detailed here span a diverse spectrum of populations, including sexual and gender minority youth, transgender populations, same-sex couples, sexual minority parents, and bisexual individuals. Chapters also address numerous mental and behavioral health problems, including anxiety disorders, depression, substance abuse, trauma, body image disturbance, and sexual health. In addition to an overview of the research evidence supporting each clinical presentation and approach, chapters contain practical how-to guidance for therapists to use in their clinical practice. This book reflects a true integration of the best of sexual and gender minority research and the best of evidence-based practice research, presented by the leading experts in the field. As such it is essential reading for mental health professionals who work with these groups, as well as trainees in social work, counseling, and clinical psychology.

Violence against Women in Families and Relationships [4 volumes]

Violence against Women in Families and Relationships [4 volumes]
A Book

by Eve S. Buzawa,Evan Stark

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2009-06-08
  • Pages : 888
  • ISBN : 0275998479
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive overview of domestic violence against women and children in America covers the services meant to combat it, the legal approaches to prosecuting it, the public's attitudes toward it, and the successes and failures of systems meant to address it.

Sexuality and Gender in Society

Sexuality and Gender in Society
A Book

by Janell L. Carroll,Paul Root Wolpe

  • Publisher : Harpercollins College Division
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 838
  • ISBN : 9780065008722
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An undergraduate text incorporating the 1994 NORC study on American sexuality and updates on contraceptive research and infertility techniques. Chapters on subjects including gender roles, biology, STDs and AIDS, and power and coercion contain learning aids such as Q&A sections throughout; boxed fea

Sex, Sexuality and Therapeutic Practice

Sex, Sexuality and Therapeutic Practice
A Manual for Therapists and Trainers

by Catherine Butler,Amanda O'Donovan,Elizabeth Shaw

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2009-10-26
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1135190631
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This evidence based manual examines issues of sexuality in a positive and affirming light and considers how sexuality-related issues can be introduced into therapy and training. It will support the practicing therapist as well as those in training.

The Oxford Handbook of Sexual and Gender Minority Mental Health

The Oxford Handbook of Sexual and Gender Minority Mental Health
A Book

by Esther D. Rothblum

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2020-07
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 0190067993
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The Oxford Handbook of Sexual and Gender Minority Mental Health provides an overview of the current research on the mental health of sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations. It is aimed at researchers conducting studies on the mental health of SGM populations, clinicians and researchers interested in psychiatric disorders that affect SGM populations, clinicians using evidence-based practice in the treatment of SGM patients/clients, students in mental health programs (clinical psychology, psychiatry, clinical social work, and psychiatric nursing), and policymakers. This chapter defines some terms and provides an overview of current and past SGM research methods"--

Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis, Diabetes and Obesity

Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis, Diabetes and Obesity
A Book

by Franck Mauvais-Jarvis

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-12-08
  • Pages : 627
  • ISBN : 3319701789
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book provides a reference for years to come, written by world-renowned expert investigators studying sex differences, the role of sex hormones, the systems biology of sex, and the genetic contribution of sex chromosomes to metabolic homeostasis and diseases. In this volume, leaders of the pharmaceutical industry present their views on sex-specific drug discovery. Many of the authors presented at the Keystone Symposium on “Sex and gender factors affecting metabolic homeostasis, diabetes and obesity” to be held in March 2017 in Lake Tahoe, CA. This book will generate new knowledge and ideas on the importance of gender biology and medicine from a molecular standpoint to the population level and to provide the methods to study them. It is intended to be a catalyst leading to gender-specific treatments of metabolic diseases. There are fundamental aspects of metabolic homeostasis that are regulated differently in males and females, and influence both the development of diabetes and obesity and the response to pharmacological intervention. Still, most preclinical researchers avoid studying female rodents due to the added complexity of research plans. The consequence is a generation of data that risks being relevant to only half of the population. This is a timely moment to publish a book on sex differences in diseases as NIH leadership has asked scientists to consider sex as a biological variable in preclinical research, to ensure that women get the same benefit of medical research as men.

Disorders of Desire

Disorders of Desire
Sex and Gender in Modern American Sexology

by Janice M. Irvine

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN : 9780877226895
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first book to examine the development and impact of sexology-the scientific study of sex-in the United States. Briefly recounting its century-long history, Janice Irvine begins with the pioneering research of Alfred Kinsey and analyzes the attempt by sexual scientists to associate themselves with biomedical methodology in order to achieve the status of respected professionals in this country. Considering the development of modern sexological research and the clinical practice of sex therapy in the context of a broader social history of sexuality and gender, Irvine reveals how the content and direction of sexual science has been shaped by concerns for professional legitimacy, cultural authority over issues of sex and gender, and the creation of a market for information and therapy.Evolving from the rigorously empirical research of Kinsey, contemporary sexology is generally associated with biomedical laboratory investigations or psychotherapy. Cautious about the possibility of public censure or the restriction of public funding, research sexologists have been careful to present themselves as staid and dispassionate scientists engaged in ideologically neutral work.The book examines the social and political changes that have created an identity crisis within modern sexology as it has confronted formidable external challenges. In the cultural turbulence of the late 1960s, a group of sexologists, inspired by the human potential movement, introduced controversial new methods of clinical practice that involved nudity, bodywork, and sexually explicit films. At the same time, the emerging feminist and gay liberation movements rejected the conventional behaviors and gender role prescriptions privileged by biomedical experts in sexology and articulated the connection between personal and political freedom.Modern sexology now is rife with conflict. "As a field in which scientists, pornographers, feminists, transvestites, therapists, and others uneasily share the podium," Irvine comments, "sexology's recent history can be characterized as a turf war among constituents over the control of cultural definitions of sexuality and gender." Disorders of Desire documents how sexology has failed to transcend factionalism and remains unable to control contemporary sexual discourse. Irvine shows how its volatile debates over issues such as the G-Spot, the research of Shere Hite, childhood gender treatment centers, and AIDS represent fundamentally different constructs of human sexuality and individual freedom. Author note: Janice M. Irvine is a sociologist in the Community Health Program at Tufts University.

Sex and Gender

Sex and Gender
An Introduction, Seventh Edition

by Hilary M. Lips

  • Publisher : Waveland Press
  • Release : 2020-04-10
  • Pages : 734
  • ISBN : 1478645032
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Are sex and gender really two different things? How malleable is gender identity? Do both gender and sex have to be conceptualized as binaries—as having two distinct but complementary categories? Should we emphasize gender differences, or is that the wrong question? When should we call a gender difference “small”? Are women really “nonaggressive” or does that label stem from stereotyping? How does subtle or “modern” sexism work on its targets? Scholarship on these and other gender-related questions has exploded in recent years. Hilary Lips synthesizes that research for students in an accessible and readable way. Concepts on sex and gender are presented with the social context in which they were developed. As in previous editions, Lips takes a multicultural approach, discussing the gender experiences of people from a wide range of races, cultures, socioeconomic statuses, and gender and sexual identities. She emphasizes empirical research but takes a critical approach to that research.

Sex, Gender and Substance Use

Sex, Gender and Substance Use
A Book

by Lorraine Greaves

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-04-14
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 3036502009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Sex, Gender and Substance Use” describes how both biological and social factors affect people's use of substances. There is a lot of research carried out on substance use, prevention and treatment in which sex and gender are missing. This book describes the concepts of sex and gender, what they mean and why including them in substance use research, practice and policy is vital. Substances such as alcohol, drugs, nicotine, and tobacco all have differential effects on females and males. Social and cultural gendered factors affect how women and men react to prevention, treatment and policies. The book includes numerous examples of how sex- and gender-sensitive research can increase our understanding and improve prevention and treatment, and why striving for gender-transformative substance use practice and research remains a gold standard.

Sexology in Midwifery

Sexology in Midwifery
A Book

by Ana Polona Mivšek

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2015-04-15
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 9535120417
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Midwives support women during the reproductive period of their lives. Dimensions of midwifery work include, in addition to the physiological aspect, psychological and spiritual issues. Midwifery activities mean involvement in the most intimate sphere of clients' lives. Women's perceptions of partnership, sexuality, pregnancy and birth are affected by their personal experiences and by the culture they live in. The same factors also influence the midwives' perception of these issues. It is therefore crucial for the midwives to be aware of certain areas of their work that have a sexual inclination and clarify their own eventual prejudices regarding sexuality, since these can affect their provision of holistic, individual and competent care to women and their families. This book deals with different aspects of sexuality that can have an influence on everyday midwifery work. It might also be of interest to different groups of people - midwives in clinical settings, midwifery educators, midwifery students and also other health professionals who manage women during the reproductive period.