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Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes
An Operational Culture Perspective

by Salvador Avila Filho,Ivone Conceicao de Souza Cerqueira,Carine Nogueira Santino

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-05-01
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 0128196513
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes: An Operational Culture Perspective aims to initiate a multidisciplinary discussion on risk activities by reviewing human reliability in industrial processes to reduce material, energy, image and time losses. The book presents a methodology for the quantification and investigation of human reliability and verification of the influence of human factors in the generation of process losses, consisting of the following steps: contextualization, data collection and results, task perform and loss observation, social technical variable analyses, and data processing (datamining, PCA, fuzzy and results). The book investigates human reliability, concepts and models in situations of human error in practice, identifies where low reliability occurs, and then visualizes where and how to perform an intervention. Relates human reliability to the environment, leadership, decision models, possible mistakes and successes, mental map constructions, and organizational cultures Provides techniques for the diagnosis of human and operational reliability Gives examples of the application of methodologies in the stage of diagnosis and program construction Discusses competences for the analysis of process losses in industry Investigates real-life situations where human errors cause losses Includes practical examples and case studies

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes
An Operational Culture Perspective

by Salvador Avila Filho,Ivone Conceicao de Souza Cerqueira,Carine Nogueira Santino,Fernando Luiz Pellegrini Pessôa,Jose Rafael Nascimento Lopes

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-01-06
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 9780128196502
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes: An Operational Culture Perspective aims to initiate a multidisciplinary discussion on risk activities by reviewing human reliability in industrial processes to reduce material, energy, image and time losses. The book presents a methodology for the quantification and investigation of human reliability and verification of the influence of human factors in the generation of process losses, consisting of the following steps: contextualization, data collection and results, task perform and loss observation, social technical variable analyses, and data processing (datamining, PCA, fuzzy and results). The book investigates human reliability, concepts and models in situations of human error in practice, identifies where low reliability occurs, and then visualizes where and how to perform an intervention. Relates human reliability to the environment, leadership, decision models, possible mistakes and successes, mental map constructions, and organizational cultures Provides techniques for the diagnosis of human and operational reliability Gives examples of the application of methodologies in the stage of diagnosis and program construction Discusses competences for the analysis of process losses in industry Investigates real-life situations where human errors cause losses Includes practical examples and case studies

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Hazard Identification, Assessment and Control

by Frank Lees

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2005-01-25
  • Pages : 3680
  • ISBN : 0080489338
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants have become larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, the Phillips 66 incident, and Piper Alpha to name but a few. The field of Loss Prevention is, and continues to, be of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, because of the trend for processing plants to become larger and often be situated in or close to densely populated areas, thus increasing the hazard of loss of life or property. This book is a detailed guidebook to defending against these, and many other, hazards. It could without exaggeration be referred to as the "bible" for the process industries. This is THE standard reference work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals. For years, it has been the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing reference instead. Frank Lees' world renowned work has been fully revised and expanded by a team of leading chemical and process engineers working under the guidance of one of the world’s chief experts in this field. Sam Mannan is professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, and heads the Mary Kay O’Connor Process Safety Center at Texas A&M. He received his MS and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and joined the chemical engineering department at Texas A&M University as a professor in 1997. He has over 20 years of experience as an engineer, working both in industry and academia. New detail is added to chapters on fire safety, engineering, explosion hazards, analysis and suppression, and new appendices feature more recent disasters. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice issued by authorities in the US, UK/Europe and internationally. In addition to all this, more regulatory relevance and case studies have been included in this edition. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries covers traditional areas of personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus provides balanced and in-depth coverage of the whole field of safety and loss prevention. * A must-have standard reference for chemical and process engineering safety professionals * The most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment and laws that pertain to process safety * Only single work to provide everything; principles, practice, codes, standards, data and references needed by those practicing in the field

Risk Management in the Oil and Gas Industry

Risk Management in the Oil and Gas Industry
Offshore and Onshore Concepts and Case Studies

by Gerardo Portela Da Ponte Jr

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2021-06-09
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 0128236272
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Risk Management in the Oil and Gas Industry: Offshore and Onshore Concepts and Case Studies delivers the concepts, strategies and good practices of offshore and onshore safety engineering that are applicable to petroleum engineering and immediately surrounding industries. Guided by the strategic risk management line, this reference organizes steps in order of importance and priority that should be given to the themes in the practical exercise of risk management activities, from the conceptual and design phase to operational and crisis management situations. Each chapter is packed with practical case studies, lessons learned, exercises, and review questions. The reference also touches on the newest techniques, including liquefied natural gas (cryogenics) operations and computer simulations that contemplate the influence of human behavior. Critical for both the new and experienced engineer, this book gives the best didactic tool to perform operations safely and effectively. Helps readers by presenting practical case studies and exercises that are included in every chapter Presents an understanding on how to approach and apply best practices specific to the oil and gas industry, both offshore and onshore Provides the knowledge needed to gain new techniques in computer simulation and human factors to apply to various sectors of the industry, including subsea and refineries

Bayesian Networks for Reliability Engineering

Bayesian Networks for Reliability Engineering
A Book

by Baoping Cai,Yonghong Liu,Zengkai Liu,Yuanjiang Chang,Lei Jiang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-26
  • Pages : 257
  • ISBN : 9811365164
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a bibliographical review of the use of Bayesian networks in reliability over the last decade. Bayesian network (BN) is considered to be one of the most powerful models in probabilistic knowledge representation and inference, and it is increasingly used in the field of reliability. After focusing on the engineering systems, the book subsequently discusses twelve important issues in the BN-based reliability methodologies, such as BN structure modeling, BN parameter modeling, BN inference, validation, and verification. As such, it is a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners in the field of reliability engineering.

Occupational Risk Control

Occupational Risk Control
Predicting and Preventing the Unwanted

by Derek Viner

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-03-03
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1317086236
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Occupational Risk Control, Derek Viner brings together the theoretical aspects of his subject into a coherent whole and then connects them with the needs both of practitioners and educators. The theory embraced by the author spans ideas formed between the industrial revolution and the present day, but he focuses on relatively more recent theoretical developments chiefly associated with people-orientated approaches in the discipline of psychology applied to management practice and in the application of analytical ideas to engineering design. The author looks specifically at developments in defence and petro-chemical systems and also considers the whole theory of risk that originated in the 1970s with the advent of nuclear power stations, but which he argues has advanced little since that time. He also introduces the geological and botanical sciences, on the grounds that they contribute much to our understanding of how to set about classifying phenomena. To this mix, is added the contribution of law to our understanding of moral obligations and that of statistics to our understanding of the management of uncertainty. Viner argues that amongst the observable consequences of the absence of a holistic approach, is the tendency for regulators to form (misinformed) theory on which to base legislation and the prevalence of commercial systems leading to disparate efforts by different industries. The net effect of all this, he suggests, is seen in the disasters of the magnitude of the Gulf of Mexico explosion and oil spill.

Major Hazards Onshore and Offshore II

Major Hazards Onshore and Offshore II
A Three-day Symposium Organised by the Institution of Chemical Engineers (North Western Branch) and Held at UMIST, Manchester 24-26 October 1995

by Norbert Gibson

  • Publisher : IChemE
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 645
  • ISBN : 9780852953662
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text presents papers from the second conference on major hazards onshore and offshore, held in Manchester in October 1995. Contents include papers on gas dispersion and explosion modelling, fire and explosions, management of safety and human factors, and risk analysis and hazard assessment.

Safety and Reliability. Theory and Applications

Safety and Reliability. Theory and Applications
A Book

by Marko Cepin,Radim Bris

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-06-14
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 1351809725
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications contains the contributions presented at the 27th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2017, Portorož, Slovenia, June 18-22, 2017). The book covers a wide range of topics, including: • Accident and Incident modelling • Economic Analysis in Risk Management • Foundational Issues in Risk Assessment and Management • Human Factors and Human Reliability • Maintenance Modeling and Applications • Mathematical Methods in Reliability and Safety • Prognostics and System Health Management • Resilience Engineering • Risk Assessment • Risk Management • Simulation for Safety and Reliability Analysis • Structural Reliability • System Reliability, and • Uncertainty Analysis. Selected special sessions include contributions on: the Marie Skłodowska-Curie innovative training network in structural safety; risk approaches in insurance and fi nance sectors; dynamic reliability and probabilistic safety assessment; Bayesian and statistical methods, reliability data and testing; oganizational factors and safety culture; software reliability and safety; probabilistic methods applied to power systems; socio-technical-economic systems; advanced safety assessment methodologies: extended Probabilistic Safety Assessment; reliability; availability; maintainability and safety in railways: theory & practice; big data risk analysis and management, and model-based reliability and safety engineering. Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications will be of interest to professionals and academics working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors including: Aeronautics and Aerospace, Automotive Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Energy Production and Distribution, Environmental Engineering, Information Technology and Telecommunications, Critical Infrastructures, Insurance and Finance, Manufacturing, Marine Industry, Mechanical Engineering, Natural Hazards, Nuclear Engineering, Offshore Oil and Gas, Security and Protection, Transportation, and Policy Making.

Safety and Reliability: Methodology and Applications

Safety and Reliability: Methodology and Applications
A Book

by Tomasz Nowakowski,Marek Mlynczak,Anna Jodejko-Pietruczuk,Sylwia Werbinska-Wojciechowska

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-09-01
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 1315736977
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Within the last fifty years the performance requirements for technical objects and systems were supplemented with: customer expectations (quality), abilities to prevent the loss of the object properties in operation time (reliability and maintainability), protection against the effects of undesirable events (safety and security) and the ability to

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety
A Book

by CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2010-08-13
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0470925086
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Almost all the major accident investigations--Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City--show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce human error at all levels. In eight chapters--packed with case studies and examples of simple and advanced techniques for new and existing systems--the book challenges the assumption that human error is "unavoidable." Instead, it suggests a systems perspective. This view sees error as a consequence of a mismatch between human capabilities and demands and inappropriate organizational culture. This makes error a manageable factor and, therefore, avoidable.

Advances in Human Factors in Energy: Oil, Gas, Nuclear and Electric Power Industries

Advances in Human Factors in Energy: Oil, Gas, Nuclear and Electric Power Industries
Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Factors in Energy: Oil, Gas, Nuclear and Electric Power Industries, July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA

by Sacit M. Cetiner,Paul Fechtelkotter,Michael Legatt

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-07-26
  • Pages : 201
  • ISBN : 3319419501
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses human factors research in energy, an emphasis on human factors applications in design, construction, and operation of nuclear, electrical power generation, and oil and gas assets. It discusses advanced strategies in the optimization of human and environmental performance, as well as personal and process safety. The book covers a wealth of topics in design and operation management of both offshore and onshore facilities, including design of control rooms, front-end engineering design (FEED), criticality analysis, offshore transport, human contributions to accidents, cognitive bias in decision making, safety-critical human tasks, and many others. Based on the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Factors in Energy, held on July 27-31, 2016, in Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, the book fills an important gap in the current literature, providing readers with state-of-the-art knowledge in human factors best-practice approaches across different types of industries and energy applications.

Safety and Security Issues in Technical Infrastructures

Safety and Security Issues in Technical Infrastructures
A Book

by Rehak, David,Bernatik, Ales,Dvorak, Zdenek,Hromada, Martin

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2020-04-17
  • Pages : 499
  • ISBN : 1799830608
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the modern age of urbanization, the mass population is becoming progressively reliant on technical infrastructures. These industrial buildings provide integral services to the general public including the delivery of energy, information and communication technologies, and maintenance of transport networks. The safety and security of these structures is crucial as new threats are continually emerging. Safety and Security Issues in Technical Infrastructures is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the modernization of occupational security and safety practices within information technology-driven buildings. While highlighting topics such as explosion process safety, nanotechnology, and infrastructural risk analysis, this publication explores current risks and uncertainties and the raising of comprehensive awareness for experts in this field. This book is ideally designed for security managers, safety personnel, civil engineers, architects, researchers, construction professionals, strategists, educators, material scientists, property owners, and students.

Designing for Human Reliability

Designing for Human Reliability
Human Factors Engineering in the Oil, Gas, and Process Industries

by Ronald W. McLeod

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2015-03-21
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 0081005261
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some ‘hard truths’ of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between ‘fast’ and ‘slow’ styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment

Risk, Reliability and Safety: Innovating Theory and Practice

Risk, Reliability and Safety: Innovating Theory and Practice
Proceedings of ESREL 2016 (Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2016)

by Lesley Walls,Matthew Revie,Tim Bedford

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-11-25
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN : 149878898X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Risk, Reliability and Safety contains papers describing innovations in theory and practice contributed to the scientific programme of the European Safety and Reliability conference (ESREL 2016), held at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland (25—29 September 2016). Authors include scientists, academics, practitioners, regulators and other key individuals with expertise and experience relevant to specific areas. Papers include domain specific applications as well as general modelling methods. Papers cover evaluation of contemporary solutions, exploration of future challenges, and exposition of concepts, methods and processes. Topics include human factors, occupational health and safety, dynamic and systems reliability modelling, maintenance optimisation, uncertainty analysis, resilience assessment, risk and crisis management.

Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry

Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry
A Practical Approach

by B.S. Dhillon

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-27
  • Pages : 213
  • ISBN : 1498746578
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An Insightful Guide to Avoiding Offshore Oil- and Gas-Industry Disaster Designing, constructing, operating, and maintaining offshore oil and gas industry equipment and systems can sometimes result in accidents, injuries, and other serious problems. Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry: A Practical Approach focuses on oil and gas industry equipment reliability, offers useful and up-to-date information on the subject, and covers in a single volume the most common safety and reliability engineering issues in the oil and gas industry. The book introduces the latest developments in the area, and provides relevant methods and approaches. It also presents important aspects of various case studies on major accidents in the oil and gas industry, and considers human factors that contribute to accidents and fatalities in the area of oil and gas. Additionally, this book describes: Mathematical concepts Oil and gas industry equipment reliability characteristics Accident data and analysis Mathematical models used for performing safety and reliability-related analyses in the industry Safety and Reliability in the Oil and Gas Industry: A Practical Approach covers important aspects of safety in the offshore oil and gas industry. A reference designed with engineering professionals in mind, this book can also be used in oil- and gas-industry-related courses, and serves as a guide for anyone concerned with safety and reliability in the area of oil and gas.

Human Factors and Ergonomics for the Gulf Cooperation Council

Human Factors and Ergonomics for the Gulf Cooperation Council
Processes, Technologies, and Practices

by Shatha N. Samman

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-07-27
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0429892306
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) is introduced to students, academics, researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and others in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). A holistic approach is taken to emphasize the breadth and depth of HFE by providing both theory and applications in the field. Providing HFE perspectives from expert academics from multidisciplinary and culturally diverse backgrounds, it contains case studies written by industry professionals highlighting their work from Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Features The first HFE book for the GCC region with case studies showcasing the economics of ergonomics Presents easy to read chapters covering principles, methodologies, applications, future trends, and key terms Encompasses both the theory and application of HFE fields discussing processes, technologies, and practices Written for readers with no prior background of HFE

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries
A Book

by CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2007-02-03
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 9780470118832
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries provides guidance for managers and plant engineering staff on specific, practical techniques and tools for addressing forty different human factors issues impacting process safety. Human factors incidents can result in injury and death, damage to the environment, fines, and business losses due to ruined batches, off-spec products, unplanned shutdowns, and other adverse effects. Prevention of these incidents increases productivity and profits. Complete with examples, case histories, techniques, and implementation methodologies, Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries helps managers and engineering staff design and execute an efficient program. Organized for topical reference, the book includes: An overview on implementing a human factors program at the corporate level or the plant level, covering the business value, developing a program to meet specific needs, improving existing systems, roles and responsibilities, measures of performance, and more Summaries of forty different human factors relating to process safety, with a description of the tools, a practical example with graphics and visual aids, and additional resources Information on addressing the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) requirement for conducting human factors reviews in process hazard analyses (PHAs) A CD-ROM with a color version of the book Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Dynamic Risk Assessment and Management of Domino Effects and Cascading Events in the Process Industry

Dynamic Risk Assessment and Management of Domino Effects and Cascading Events in the Process Industry
A Book

by Valerio Cozzani,Genserik Reniers

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-06-08
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 0081028393
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dynamic Risk Assessment and Management of Domino Effects and Cascading Events in the Process Industry provides insights into emerging and state-of-the-art methods for the dynamic assessment of risk and safety barrier performance in the framework of domino effect risk management. The book presents methods and tools to manage the risk of cascading events involving the chemical and process industry. It is an ideal reference for both safety and security managers, industrial risk stakeholders, scientists and practitioners. In addition, laymen may find the state-of-the-art methods concerning domino effects (large-scale accidents) and how to prevent their propagation an interesting topic of study. Includes dynamic hazard and risk assessment methods Presents methods for safety barrier performance assessment Addresses the effect of harsh environment on domino risk assessment Relates physical security in relation to domino effects Includes innovative methods and tools

Process Plants

Process Plants
A Handbook for Inherently Safer Design, Second Edition

by Anonim

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2010-05-17
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9781439804568
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How far will an ounce of prevention really go? While the answer to that question may never be truly known, Process Plants: A Handbook for Inherently Safer Design, Second Edition takes us several steps closer. The book demonstrates not just the importance of prevention, but the importance of designing with prevention in mind. It emphasizes the role

Advances in Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance

Advances in Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance
Proceedings of the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance, July 24-28, 2019, Washington D.C., USA

by Ronald L. Boring

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-12
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 303020037X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book brings together studies broadly addressing human error from different disciplines and perspectives. It discusses topics such as human performance; human variability and reliability analysis; medical, driver and pilot error, as well as automation error; root cause analyses; and the cognitive modeling of human error. In addition, it highlights cutting-edge applications in safety management, defense, security, transportation, process controls, and medicine, as well as more traditional fields of application. Based on the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance, held on July 24-28, 2019, Washington D.C., USA, the book includes experimental papers, original reviews, and reports on case studies, as well as meta-analyses, technical guidelines, best practice and methodological papers. It offers a timely reference guide for researchers and practitioners dealing with human error in a diverse range of fields.