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Hybrid Atomic-Scale Interface Design for Materials Functionality

Hybrid Atomic-Scale Interface Design for Materials Functionality
A Book

by Ajit K. Roy

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-03-10
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 012819118X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hybrid Atomic-Scale Interface Design for Materials Functionality covers a broad range of atomistic, meso and macro scale computational methodologies, including multiphase (hybrid) materials constructs for tailoring structural, thermal and electrical properties. As future materials are expected to perform with increasing efficiency in complex and dynamic environments hybrid materials design, in contrast to monolithic concepts, they are a cost-effective alternative. Taking materials hybridization at smaller scale, even at atomic scale, offers exceedingly high-payoff opportunities for optimizing materials functionality at reduced material consumption and even reduced qualification costs (eliminates many costly component and system level qualification tests). Presents computational methodologies for materials hybridization and interface design at the atomic scale Covers materials interface design (atomic configuration), a key component to optimize and achieve performance metrics Helps readers with material selectivity and in the materials design phase of any product design

Frontiers in Surface Science and Interface Science

Frontiers in Surface Science and Interface Science
A Book

by C.B. Duke,E. Ward Plummer

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2002-06-04
  • Pages : 1053
  • ISBN : 9780444510419
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Any notion that surface science is all about semiconductors and coatings is laid to rest by this encyclopedic publication: Bioengineered interfaces in medicine, interstellar dust, DNA computation, conducting polymers, the surfaces of atomic nuclei - all are brought up to date. Frontiers in Surface and Interface Science - a milestone publication deserving a wide readership. It combines a sweeping expert survey of research today with an educated look into the future. It is a future that embraces surface phenomena on scales from the subatomic to the galactic, as well as traditional topics like semiconductor design, catalysis, and surface processing, modeling and characterization. And, great efforts have been made to express sophisticated ideas in an attractive and accessible way. Nanotechnology, surfaces for DNA computation, polymer-based electronics, soft surfaces, interstellar surface chemistry - all feature in this comprehensive collection.

Fueling the Future

Fueling the Future
On the Road to the Hydrogen Economy : Joint Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Energy and the Subcommittee on Research, Committee on Science, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session, July 20, 2005

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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fueling the future: on the road to the hydrogen economy

fueling the future: on the road to the hydrogen economy
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1422332829
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Structure and Chemistry

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Structure and Chemistry
A Book

by Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Raju Kumar Gupta

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-06-03
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 0081007922
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Volume 1: Structure and Chemistry presents the latest on these composite materials that can best be described as materials that are comprised of synthetic polymers and biological/inorganic/organic derived constituents. The combination of unique properties that emerge as a consequence of the particular arrangement and interactions between the different constituents provides immense opportunities for advanced material technologies. This series of four volumes brings an interdisciplinary effort to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications, and performance of these advanced materials, with this volume focusing on their structure and chemistry. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications

A New Direction in Mathematics for Materials Science

A New Direction in Mathematics for Materials Science
A Book

by Susumu Ikeda,Motoko Kotani

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-12-08
  • Pages : 86
  • ISBN : 4431558640
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the first volume of the SpringerBriefs in the Mathematics of Materials and provides a comprehensive guide to the interaction of mathematics with materials science. The anterior part of the book describes a selected history of materials science as well as the interaction between mathematics and materials in history. The emergence of materials science was itself a result of an interdisciplinary movement in the 1950s and 1960s. Materials science was formed by the integration of metallurgy, polymer science, ceramics, solid state physics, and related disciplines. We believe that such historical background helps readers to understand the importance of interdisciplinary interaction such as mathematics–materials science collaboration. The middle part of the book describes mathematical ideas and methods that can be applied to materials problems and introduces some examples of specific studies—for example, computational homology applied to structural analysis of glassy materials, stochastic models for the formation process of materials, new geometric measures for finite carbon nanotube molecules, mathematical technique predicting a molecular magnet, and network analysis of nanoporous materials. The details of these works will be shown in the subsequent volumes of this SpringerBriefs in the Mathematics of Materials series by the individual authors. The posterior section of the book presents how breakthroughs based on mathematics–materials science collaborations can emerge. The authors' argument is supported by the experiences at the Advanced Institute for Materials Research (AIMR), where many researchers from various fields gathered and tackled interdisciplinary research.

Nano- and Micro-Electromechanical Systems

Nano- and Micro-Electromechanical Systems
Fundamentals of Nano- and Microengineering, Second Edition

by Sergey Edward Lyshevski

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-03
  • Pages : 744
  • ISBN : 1420057936
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Society is approaching and advancing nano- and microtechnology from various angles of science and engineering. The need for further fundamental, applied, and experimental research is matched by the demand for quality references that capture the multidisciplinary and multifaceted nature of the science. Presenting cutting-edge information that is applicable to many fields, Nano- and Micro-Electromechanical Systems: Fundamentals of Nano and Microengineering, Second Edition builds the theoretical foundation for understanding, modeling, controlling, simulating, and designing nano- and microsystems. The book focuses on the fundamentals of nano- and microengineering and nano- and microtechnology. It emphasizes the multidisciplinary principles of NEMS and MEMS and practical applications of the basic theory in engineering practice and technology development. Significantly revised to reflect both fundamental and technological aspects, this second edition introduces the concepts, methods, techniques, and technologies needed to solve a wide variety of problems related to high-performance nano- and microsystems. The book is written in a textbook style and now includes homework problems, examples, and reference lists in every chapter, as well as a separate solutions manual. It is designed to satisfy the growing demands of undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and professionals in the fields of nano- and microengineering, and to enable them to contribute to the nanotechnology revolution.

Hybrid Nanomaterials

Hybrid Nanomaterials
Advances in Energy, Environment, and Polymer Nanocomposites

by Suneel Kumar Srivastava,Vikas Mittal

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-06-15
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 1119160367
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A hybrid material is defined as a material composed of an intimate mixture of inorganic components, organic components, or both types of components. In the last few years, a tremendous amount of attention has been given towards the development of materials for efficient energy harvesting; nanostructured hybrid materials have also been gaining significant advances to provide pollutant free drinking water, sensing of environmental pollutants, energy storage and conservation. Separately, intensive work on high performing polymer nanocomposites for applications in the automotive, aerospace and construction industries has been carried out, but the aggregation of many fillers, such as clay, LDH, CNT, graphene, represented a major barrier in their development. Only very recently has this problem been overcome by fabrication and applications of 3D hybrid nanomaterials as nanofillers in a variety of polymers. This book, Hybrid Nanomaterials, examines all the recent developments in the research and specially covers the following subjects: Hybrid nanostructured materials for development of advanced lithium batteries High performing hybrid nanomaterials for supercapacitor applications Nanohybrid materials in the development of solar energy applications Application of hybrid nanomaterials in water purification Advanced nanostructured materials in electromagnetic shielding of radiations Preparation, properties and application of hybrid nanomaterials in sensing of environmental pollutants Development of hybrid fillers/polymer nanocomposites for electronic applications High performance hybrid filler reinforced epoxy nanocomposites State-of-the-art overview of elastomer/hybrid filler nanocomposites

Design, Fabrication, Properties and Applications of Smart and Advanced Materials

Design, Fabrication, Properties and Applications of Smart and Advanced Materials
A Book

by Xu Hou

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-06-22
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 1498722490
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces various advanced, smart materials and the strategies for the design and preparation for novel uses from macro to micro or from biological, inorganic, organic to composite materials. Selecting the best material is a challenging task, requiring tradeoffs between material properties and designing functional smart materials. The development of smart, advanced materials and their potential applications is a burgeoning area of research. Exciting breakthroughs are anticipated in the future from the concepts and results reported in this book.

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-01-02
  • Pages : 1886
  • ISBN : 012812296X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology, Second Edition allows researchers to navigate a very diverse, interdisciplinary and rapidly-changing field with up-to-date, comprehensive and authoritative coverage of every aspect of modern nanoscience and nanotechnology. Presents new chapters on the latest developments in the field Covers topics not discussed to this degree of detail in other works, such as biological devices and applications of nanotechnology Compiled and written by top international authorities in the field

Materials Research to Meet 21st-Century Defense Needs

Materials Research to Meet 21st-Century Defense Needs
A Book

by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Materials Research for Defense After Next

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2003-02-25
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 0309168406
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In order to achieve the revolutionary new defense capabilities offered by materials science and engineering, innovative management to reduce the risks associated with translating research results will be needed along with the R&D. While payoff is expected to be high from the promising areas of materials research, many of the benefits are likely to be evolutionary. Nevertheless, failure to invest in more speculative areas of research could lead to undesired technological surprises. Basic research in physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science will provide the seeds for potentially revolutionary technologies later in the 21st century.

Vanadium: The Versatile Metal

Vanadium: The Versatile Metal
A Book

by Kenneth Kustin,Joao Costa-Pessoa,Debbie C. Crans,Professor of Chemistry Debbie C Crans

  • Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The chemistry of vanadium has expanded considerably in the last decade. The element is a main consitutent and focus of research on orally administered anti-diabetes therapies, catalysts for bulk preparation of organic feedstock, and primary metallic component of certain haloperoxidases and tunicate blood cells. No less important is vanadium's function in human, animal and plant nutrition, as aw contaminant of coal and petroleum, and as an often toxic pollutant in air, soil and water. This book describes several recent developments in experimental techniques for studying vanadium, new vanadium compounds and new advances in fundamental inorganic, organic and biochemical studies of vanadium, and includes applications to the enzymology, toxicology and anitcarcinogenic and insulin-enhancing abilities of vanadium compounds.

Nanotube Superfiber Materials

Nanotube Superfiber Materials
Changing Engineering Design

by Mark Schulz,Vesselin Shanov,Zhangzhang Yin

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2013-09-16
  • Pages : 848
  • ISBN : 1455778648
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotube Superfiber Materials refers to different forms of macroscale materials with unique properties constructed from carbon nanotubes. These materials include nanotube arrays, ribbons, scrolls, yarn, braid, and sheets. Nanotube materials are in the early stage of development and this is the first dedicated book on the subject. Transitioning from molecules to materials is a breakthrough that will positively impact almost all industries and areas of society. Key properties of superfiber materials are high flexibility and fatigue resistance, high energy absorption, high strength, good electrical conductivity, high maximum current density, reduced skin and proximity effects, high thermal conductivity, lightweight, good field emission, piezoresistive, magnetoresistive, thermoelectric, and other properties. These properties will open up the door to dozens of applications including replacing copper wire for power conduction, EMI shielding, coax cable, carbon biofiber, bullet-proof vests, impact resistant glass, wearable antennas, biomedical microdevices, biosensors, self-sensing composites, supercapacitors, superinductors, hybrid superconductor, reinforced elastomers, nerve scaffolding, energy storage, and many others. The scope of the book covers three main areas: Part I: Processing; Part II: Properties; and Part III: Applications. Processing involves nanotube synthesis and macro scale material formation methods. Properties covers the mechanical, electrical, chemical and other properties of nanotubes and macroscale materials. Different approaches to growing high quality long nanotubes and spinning the nanotubes into yarn are explained in detail. The best ideas are collected from all around the world including commercial approaches. Applications of nanotube superfiber cover a huge field and provides a broad survey of uses. The book gives a broad overview starting from bioelectronics to carbon industrial machines. First book to explore the production and applications of macro-scale materials made from nano-scale particles. Sets out the processes for producing macro-scale materials from carbon nanotubes, and describes the unique properties of these materials Potential applications for CNT fiber/yarn include replacing copper wire for power conduction, EMI shielding, coax cable, carbon biofiber, bullet-proof vests, impact resistant glass, wearable antennas, biomedical microdevices, biosensors, self-sensing composites, supercapacitors, superinductors, hybrid superconductor, reinforced elastomers, nerve scaffolding, energy storage, and many others.

Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science
An Introduction to Materials in Medicine

by Buddy D. Ratner,Allan S. Hoffman,Frederick J. Schoen,Jack E. Lemons

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1997-05-20
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 0080500145
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces a subject that has profound impact on human health and considerable economic importance. The issues addressed include the biology, medical applications, markets, regulation, and ethical issues involved in biomaterials science. This spectrum of issues reflects the interdisciplinary nature of the field. Provides a strong, cohesive compilation unlike any other currently on the market Covers the entire spectrum of biomaterials and their use in medicine Contributions of leaders in the biomaterials field

Handbook of Laser Technology and Applications

Handbook of Laser Technology and Applications
Lasers: Principles and Operations (Volume One)

by Chunlei Guo

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-05-04
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN : 131538955X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive handbook gives a fully updated guide to lasers and laser technologies, including the complete range of their technical applications. The first volume outlines the fundamental components of lasers, their properties, and working principles. Key Features: • Offers a complete update of the original, bestselling work, including many brand-new chapters. • Deepens the introduction to fundamentals, from laser design and fabrication to host matrices for solid-state lasers, energy level diagrams, hosting materials, dopant energy levels, and lasers based on nonlinear effects. • Covers new laser types, including quantum cascade lasers, silicon-based lasers, titanium sapphire lasers, terahertz lasers, bismuth-doped fiber lasers, and diode-pumped alkali lasers. • Discusses the latest applications, e.g., lasers in microscopy, high-speed imaging, attosecond metrology, 3D printing, optical atomic clocks, time-resolved spectroscopy, polarization and profile measurements, pulse measurements, and laser-induced fluorescence detection. • Adds new sections on laser materials processing, laser spectroscopy, lasers in imaging, lasers in environmental sciences, and lasers in communications. This handbook is the ideal companion for scientists, engineers, and students working with lasers, including those in optics, electrical engineering, physics, chemistry, biomedicine, and other relevant areas.

Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics
A Book

by Robert L. Stamps

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-11-25
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN : 0128220244
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solid State Physics, Volume 71 provides the latest volume in this long-running series. This latest volume highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters written by an international board of authors. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Solid State Physics series Offers an updated release that includes the latest information in solid state physics

Clusters and Nano-Assemblies

Clusters and Nano-Assemblies
Physical and Biological Systems

by P Jena,S N Khanna,B K Rao

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2005-05-09
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 981448038X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While the field of clusters and nano-structures in the physical sciences has been actively pursued only over the past two decades, nature has known the benefits of the nanoscale for a very long time. The focus of the International Symposium on Clusters and Nano-Assemblies: Physical and Biological Systems was to explore ways in which an understanding of the unique properties of nano-scale biological systems such as proteins, enzyme reactions, RNA, and DNA can help us design novel materials composed of inorganic nano-scale systems, and how techniques developed in the physical sciences can lead to a fundamental understanding of biological systems. Bringing together the expert contributions from the conference, this book deals with the fundamental science and technology of atomic clusters, nano-structures and their assemblies in physical and biological systems. It explores in fascinating detail the manner in which finite size, low dimensionality, and reduced symmetry affect the properties of nano-assemblies. Contents:Atomic ClustersOrganic and Molecular ClustersCatalysisQuantum Dots/RingsNano-Wires and TubesMagnetic PropertiesElectrical and Optical PropertiesClusters on SupportNano-Growth on Strained Surfaces/Nano-AssembliesBiology at Molecular LevelBiotechnology Readership: Graduate students, researchers and academics in nanoscience and nanotechnology, chemistry and physics. Keywords:Clusters;Nano-Assemblies;Biotechnology;Clusters-on-Support;Quantum Dots;CatalysisKey Features:An exploration into how the unique properties of nano-scale biological systems can aid in the designing of novel materials composed of inorganic nano-scale systemsBrings into focus the outstanding problems and future directions of atomic clusters, nano-structures and their assemblies in physical and biological systemsIncludes researchers working on surfaces, interfaces, clusters, and nano-structures in the physical and biological sciences

Handbook of Humidity Measurement, Volume 3

Handbook of Humidity Measurement, Volume 3
Sensing Materials and Technologies

by Ghenadii Korotcenkov

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-01-24
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 1351056492
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Because of unique water properties, humidity affects materials and many living organisms, including humans. Humidity control is important in various fields, from production management to creating a comfortable living environment. The range of materials that can be used in the development of humidity sensors is very broad, and the third volume of the Handbook of Humidity Measurement offers an analysis on various humidity-sensitive materials and sensor technologies used in the fabrication of humidity sensors and methods acceptable for their testing. Additional features include:  numerous strategies for the fabrication and characterization of humidity-sensitive materials and sensing structures used in sensor applications,  methods and properties to develop smaller, cheaper, more robust, and accurate devices with better sensitivity and stability,  a guide to sensor selection and an overview of the humidity sensor market, and  new technology solutions for integration, miniaturization, and specificity of the humidity sensor calibration. Handbook of Humidity Measurement, Volume 3: Sensing Materials and Technologies provides valuable information for practicing engineers, measurement experts, laboratory technicians, project managers in industries and national laboratories, and university students and professors interested in solutions to humidity measurement tasks. Despite the fact that this book is devoted to the humidity sensors, it can be used as a basis for understanding fundamentals of any gas sensor operation and development.

Scientific Activities

Scientific Activities
A Book

by Mekhon Ṿaitsman le-madaʻ

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanoporous Materials for Molecule Separation and Conversion

Nanoporous Materials for Molecule Separation and Conversion
A Book

by Jian Liu,Frank Ding

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-07-04
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN : 0128184884
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanoporous Materials for Molecule Separation and Conversion cover the topic with sections on nanoporous material synthesis and characterization, nanoporous materials for molecule separation, and nanoporous materials for energy storage and renewable energy. Typical nanoporous materials including carbon, zeolite, silica and metal-organic frameworks and their applications in molecule separation and energy related applications are covered. In addition, the fundamentals of molecule adsorption and molecule transport in nanoporous materials are also included, providing readers with a stronger understanding of the principles and topics covered. This is an important reference for anyone exploring nanoporous materials, including researchers and postgraduate students in materials science and chemical engineering. In addition, it is ideal for industry professionals working on a wide range of applications for nanoporous materials. Outlines the fundamental principles of nanoporous materials design Explores the application of nanoporous materials in important areas such as molecule separation and energy storage Gives real-life examples of how nanoporous materials are used in a variety of industry sector