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Hydrogen, Biomass and Bioenergy

Hydrogen, Biomass and Bioenergy
Integration Pathways for Renewable Energy Applications

by Bruno G. Pollet,Jacob Joseph Lamb

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-06-26
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 0081026463
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrogen and Bioenergy: Integration Pathways for Renewable Energy Applications focuses on the nexus between hydrogen and carbon compounds as energy carriers, with a particular focus on renewable energy solutions. This book explores opportunities for integrating hydrogen in the bioenergy value chain, such as adding hydrogen to upgrade biofuels and lower CO2 emissions during production. The book also takes the inverse path to examine hydrogen production by chemical and biological routes from various bioresources, including solid waste, wastewater, agricultural products and algae. This broad coverage of technologies and applications presents a unique resource for researchers and practitioners developing integrated hydrogen and bioenergy technologies. This book will also be useful for graduate students and new researchers, presenting an introductory resource in the areas of hydrogen and bioenergy. Energy planners and engineers will also benefit from this content when designing and deploying hydrogen infrastructure for power, heating and transportation. Provides a comprehensive picture of hydrogen generation from biomass, as well as other sources of hydrogen for power, heating, transportation and storage applications Explores the ways hydrogen can be utilized in combination with bio-derived hydrocarbon chains to produce a variety of substitutes for fossil fuel-based petrochemicals Fills the gap between theoretical knowledge and technology viability Analyzes how these technologies fit into an overall energy strategy targeted at expanding the renewable energy sector

Biomass for Bioenergy

Biomass for Bioenergy
Recent Trends and Future Challenges

by Abd El-Fatah Abomohra

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2019-12-18
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1789239877
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lignocellulosic wastes has been widely discussed as a promising natural chemical source and alternative feedstock for second-generation biofuels. However, there are still many technical and economic challenges facing its utilization. Lignin is one of the components of lignocellulosic biomass, and is the most rigid constituent and can be considered as a glue providing the cell wall with stiffness and the plant tissue with compressive strength. In addition, it provides resistance to chemical and physical damage. Resistance of lignocelluloses to hydrolysis is mainly from the protection of cellulose by lignin and cellulose binding to hemicellulose. The present book provides basic knowledge and recent research on different applications of biomass, focusing on the bioenergy and different pretreatment methods that overcome the aforementioned hurdles.

Biomass and Bioenergy

Biomass and Bioenergy
Processing and Properties

by Khalid Rehman Hakeem,Mohammad Jawaid,Umer Rashid

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-08-25
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN : 3319076418
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass obtained from agricultural residues or forest can be used to produce different materials and bioenergy required in a modern society. As compared to other resources available, biomass is one of the most common and widespread resources in the world. Thus, biomass has the potential to provide a renewable energy source, both locally and across large areas of the world. It is estimated that the total investment in the biomass sector between 2008 and 2021 will reach the large sum of $104 billion. Presently bioenergy is the most important renewable energy option and will remain so the near and medium-term future. Previously several countries try to explore the utilization of biomass in bioenergy and composite sector. Biomass has the potential to become the world’s largest and most sustainable energy source and will be very much in demand. Bioenergy is based on resources that can be utilized on a sustainable basis all around the world and can thus serve as an effective option for the provision of energy services. In addition, the benefits accrued go beyond energy provision, creating unique opportunities for regional development. The present book will provide an up-to-date account of non-wood, forest residues, agricultural biomass (natural fibers), and energy crops together with processing, properties and its applications to ensure biomass utilization and reuse. All aspects of biomass and bioenergy and their properties and applications will be critically re-examined. The book consists of three sections, presenting Non wood and forest products from forestry, arboriculture activities or from wood processing, agricultural biomass (natural fibers) from agricultural harvesting or processing and finally energy crops: high yield crops and grasses grown especially for energy production.

Efficiency of Biomass Energy

Efficiency of Biomass Energy
An Exergy Approach to Biofuels, Power, and Biorefineries

by Krzysztof J. Ptasinski

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-06-07
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN : 1118702107
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Details energy and exergy efficiencies of all major aspects of bioenergy systems Covers all major bioenergy processes starting from photosynthesis and cultivation of biomass feedstocks and ending with final bioenergy products, like power, biofuels, and chemicals Each chapter includes historical developments, chemistry, major technologies, applications as well as energy, environmental and economic aspects in order to serve as an introduction to biomass and bioenergy A separate chapter introduces a beginner in easy accessible way to exergy analysis and the similarities and differences between energy and exergy efficiencies are underlined Includes case studies and illustrative examples of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generation biofuels production, power and heat generation (thermal plants, fuel cells, boilers), and biorefineries Traditional fossil fuels-based technologies are also described in order to compare with the corresponding bioenergy systems

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen
A Book

by Ashok Pandey,Jo-Shu Chang,Patrick C Hallenbeck,Christian Larroche

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-06-11
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN : 0444595481
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides in-depth information on basic and applied aspects of biohydrogen production. It begins with an introduction to the topic, and follows with the basic scientific aspects of biohydrogen production, such as the enzyme involved in biohydrogen production, the microorganisms and metabolic engineering information. It then provides state-of-art information on various aspects of biohydrogen production methods such as from solid wastes, from industrial effluents, thermo-chemical route for biohydrogen production, etc. It also includes information on engineering aspects such as the design of bioreactors for biohydrogen production and scale-up issues. Finally, it touches on the issues of hydrogen economy and commercialization. The book introduces you to all aspects of biohydrogen research, helping you understand the various issues involved and plan your own research based on recent findings and commercial needs. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative biohydrogen technologies, including fermentation and metabolic processes Provides examples on large-scale and commercial applications of biohydrogen processes and explains the steps necessary for scaling-up Explains the chemistry/theory of the processes involved and provides information on integration of the various processes and technologies on biohydrogen Guides through the process design, reactors and materials selection Devotes a whole chapter on the economical aspects of the processes and their commercialization

Green Energy to Sustainability: Strategies for Global Industries

Green Energy to Sustainability: Strategies for Global Industries
A Book

by Alain A. Vertes,Nasib Qureshi,Hans P. Blaschek,Hideaki Yukawa

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-05-04
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 111915202X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reviews the latest advances in biofuel manufacturing technologies and discusses the deployment of other renewable energy for transportation Aimed at providing an interface useful to business and scientific managers, this book focuses on the key challenges that still impede the realization of the billion-ton renewable fuels vision. It places great emphasis on a global view of the topic, reviewing deployment and green energy technology in different countries across Africa, Asia, South America, the EU, and the USA. It also integrates scientific, technological, and business development perspectives to highlight the key developments that are necessary for the global replacement of fossil fuels with green energy solutions. Green Energy to Sustainability: Strategies for Global Industries examines the most recent developments in biofuel manufacturing technologies in light of business, financial, value chain, and supply chain concerns. It also covers the use of other renewable energy sources like solar energy for transportation and proposes a view of the challenges over the next two to five decades, and how these will deeply modify the industrial world in the third millennium. The coming of age of electric vehicles is also looked at, as is the impact of their deployment on the biomass to biofuels value chain. Offers extensive updates on the field of green energy for global industries Covers the structure of the energy business; chemicals and diesel from biomass; ethanol and butanol; hydrogen and methane; and more Provides an expanded focus on the next generation of energy technologies Reviews the latest advances in biofuel manufacturing technologies Integrates scientific, technological and business perspectives Highlights important developments needed for replacing fossil fuels with green energy Green Energy to Sustainability: Strategies for Global Industries will appeal to academic researchers working on the production of fuels from renewable feedstocks and those working in green and sustainable chemistry, and chemical/process engineering. It is also an excellent textbook for courses in bioprocessing technology, renewable resources, green energy, and sustainable chemistry.

Hydrogen from Biomass Gasification

Hydrogen from Biomass Gasification
A Book

by Matthias Binder,Michael Kraussler,Matthias Kuba,Markus Luisser

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 82
  • ISBN : 9781910154595
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Production of Hydrogen from Renewable Resources

Production of Hydrogen from Renewable Resources
A Book

by Zhen Fang,Richard L. Smith, Jr.,Xinhua Qi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-11-06
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9401773300
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides state-of-the-art reviews, current research and prospects of producing hydrogen using bio, thermal and electrochemical methods and covers hydrogen separation, storage and applications. Hydrogen produced from biomass offers a clean and renewable energy source and a promising energy carrier that will supplement or replace fossil fuels in the future. The book is intended as a reference work for researchers, academics and industrialists working in the chemical and biological sciences, engineering, renewable resources and sustainability. Readers will find a wealth of information in the text that is both useful for the practical development of hydrogen systems and essential for assessing hydrogen production by bioelectrochemical, electrochemical, fermentation, gasification, pyrolysis and solar means, applied to many forms of biomass. Dr. Zhen Fang is Professor in Bioenergy, Leader and founder of biomass group, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden and is also adjunct Professor of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China. Dr. Richard L Smith, Jr. is Professor of Chemical Engineering, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Research Center of Supercritical Fluid Technology, Tohoku University, Japan. Dr. Xinhua Qi is Professor of Environmental Science, Nankai University, China.

Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications

Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications
A Book

by Vijai G. Gupta,Maria Tuohy,Christian P Kubicek,Jack Saddler,Feng Xu

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-12-05
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 0444595643
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications brings biology and engineering together to address the challenges of future energy needs. The book consolidates the most recent research on current technologies, concepts, and commercial developments in various types of widely used biofuels and integrated biorefineries, across the disciplines of biochemistry, biotechnology, phytology, and microbiology. All the chapters in the book are derived from international scientific experts in their respective research areas. They provide you with clear and concise information on both standard and more recent bioenergy production methods, including hydrolysis and microbial fermentation. Chapters are also designed to facilitate early stage researchers, and enables you to easily grasp the concepts, methodologies and application of bioenergy technologies. Each chapter in the book describes the merits and drawbacks of each technology as well as its usefulness. The book provides information on recent approaches to graduates, post-graduates, researchers and practitioners studying and working in field of the bioenergy. It is an invaluable information resource on biomass-based biofuels for fundamental and applied research, catering to researchers in the areas of bio-hydrogen, bioethanol, bio-methane and biorefineries, and the use of microbial processes in the conversion of biomass into biofuels. Reviews all existing and promising technologies for production of advanced biofuels in addition to bioenergy policies and research funding Cutting-edge research concepts for biofuels production using biological and biochemical routes, including microbial fuel cells Includes production methods and conversion processes for all types of biofuels, including bioethanol and biohydrogen, and outlines the pros and cons of each

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
Biohydrogen

by Ashok Pandey,S.Venkata Mohan,Jo-Shu Chang,Patrick C. Hallenbeck,Christian Larroche

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-01-12
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 0444642048
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass, Biofuels and Biochemical: Biohydrogen, Second Edition, provides general information, basic data and knowledge on one of the most promising renewable energy sources, including its production and applications. The book describes a green technology for abating environmental crisis and enabling the transformation into a sustainable future. Researchers, students and science enthusiasts alike will appreciate this holistic view of biohydrogen production, which details the functional mechanisms employed, operational configurations, influencing factors and integration strategies. With 50% more content, this new edition outlines the scaling of processes and features material from experienced international researchers working at the interface of biotechnology and engineering. Hydrogen is an energy carrier and is available in chemically combined forms in water, fossil fuels and biomass. About 95 % of current hydrogen requirements are produced through fossil fuel sources. Being a clean energy source, its future widespread use as a fuel is likely to be in the transportation and distributed power generation sectors. Depicts a holistic view of biohydrogen in a unified approach making it a single point of reference Includes new technologies and perspectives giving up-to-date state-of-the-art information on research and commercialization Provides strategic integrations of acidogenesis with various bioprocesses essential in establishing a circular biorefinery Includes new research findings since the 1st edition appeared, with 50% more content Integrates various subjects including biotechnology, bioengineering, molecular biology, environmental science, etc. Reviews the various topics from a global perspective and an international list of contributors

Renewable Energy Engineering: Solar, Wind, Biomass, Hydrogen and Geothermal Energy Systems.

Renewable Energy Engineering: Solar, Wind, Biomass, Hydrogen and Geothermal Energy Systems.
A Book

by Emmanuel D. Rogdakis , Irene P. Koronaki

  • Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
  • Release : 2018-11-05
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1681087197
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Researchers, politicians and lay persons around the world agree that renewable energy technologies will play an increasingly important role in strengthening national economies in the future. The renewable energy industry has the potential to significantly increase power capacity of several countries and subsequently create many jobs. This book examines recent advances in specific renewable energy systems. Readers will learn about theoretical and applied perspectives which are key to addressing the major issues associated with such systems. Chapters cover solar energy systems, thermal energy storage, bioenergy, hydrogen production, geothermal energy and measurement techniques for these energy systems. Students in engineering programs, and engineers working in academia and the renewable energy sector will be able to broaden their understanding of complex renewable energy projects through the comprehensive overview of both the fundamental concepts and the technical issues covered in the text.

Renewables-Based Technology

Renewables-Based Technology
Sustainability Assessment

by Jo Dewulf,Herman Van Langenhove

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
  • Release : 2006-05-12
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainability is a key driving force for industries in the chemical, food, packaging, agricultural and pharmaceutical sectors, and quantitative sustainability indicators are being incorporated into company reports. This is driving the uptake of renewable resources and the adoption of renewables. Renewables' can either be the substituted raw materials that are used in a given industry, (e.g. the use of biomass for fuel); the use and/or modification of a crop for use in a new industry (e.g. plant cellulose), or the reuse of a waste product (e.g. organic waste for energy production). This is the first book in the Wiley Renewable Resources series that brings together the range of sustainability assessment methods and their uses. Ensuing books in the series will look at individual renewable materials and applications.

Biomass Conversion

Biomass Conversion
The Interface of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Materials Science

by Chinnappan Baskar,Shikha Baskar,Ranjit S. Dhillon

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-05-08
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN : 3642284183
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The consumption of petroleum has surged during the 20th century, at least partially because of the rise of the automobile industry. Today, fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas provide more than three quarters of the world's energy. Unfortunately, the growing demand for fossil fuel resources comes at a time of diminishing reserves of these nonrenewable resources. The worldwide reserves of oil are sufficient to supply energy and chemicals for only about another 40 years, causing widening concerns about rising oil prices. The use of biomass to produce energy is only one form of renewable energy that can be utilized to reduce the impact of energy production and use on the global environment. Biomass can be converted into three main products such as energy, biofuels and fine chemicals using a number of different processes. Today, it is a great challenge for researchers to find new environmentally benign methodology for biomass conversion, which are industrially profitable as well. This book focuses on the conversion of biomass to biofuels, bioenergy and fine chemicals with the interface of biotechnology, microbiology, chemistry and materials science. An international scientific authorship summarizes the state-of-the-art of the current research and gives an outlook on future developments.

International Energy Journal

International Energy Journal
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gasification of Biomass Model Compounds in Supercritical Water

Gasification of Biomass Model Compounds in Supercritical Water
A Book

by Gregory J. DiLeo

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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TIDEE

TIDEE
TERI information digest on energy and environment

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Renewable Hydrogen Forum

Renewable Hydrogen Forum
A Summary of Expert Opinion and Policy Recommendations, National Press Club, Washington, DC, October 1, 2003

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 83
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Biomass Gasification

Advanced Biomass Gasification
New Concepts for Efficiency Increase and Product Flexibility

by Steffen Heidenreich,Michael Müller,Pier Ugo Foscolo

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-06-07
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN : 0128043679
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Biomass Gasification: New Concepts for Efficiency Increase and Product Flexibility provides a thorough overview on new concepts in biomass gasification and consolidated information on advances for process integration and combination, which could otherwise only be gained by reading a high number of journal publications. Heidenreich, Müller and Foscolo, highly respected experts in this field, start their exploration with the compact UNIQUE reactor, gasification and pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, and catalysts and membranes. The authors then examine biomass pre-treatment processes, taking into account the energy balance of the overall conversion process, and look into oxygen-steam gasification and solutions for air separation, including new options for integration of O2-membranes into the gasifier. Several polygeneration strategies are covered, including combined heat and power (CHP) production with synthetic natural gas (SNG), biofuels and hydrogen, and new cutting-edge concepts, such as plasma gasification, supercritical water gasification, and catalytic gasification, which allows for insights on the future technological outlook of the area. This book is then a valuable resource for industry and academia-based researchers, as well as graduate students in the energy and chemical sectors with interest in biomass gasification, especially in areas of power engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis. Explores state-of-the-art technologies that allow for greater efficiency and flexibility in gasification, including process integration, combination, and polygeneration strategies Consolidates information that was, up until now, scattered among several sources, including journal articles Provides a valuable resource for industry and academia-based researchers, as well as graduate students in the energy and chemical sectors with interest in biomass gasification, especially in areas of power engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis

Energy Policies of IEA Countries

Energy Policies of IEA Countries
The United States ... review

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solar Hydrogen

Solar Hydrogen
Moving Beyond Fossil Fuels

by Joan M. Ogden,Robert H. Williams

  • Publisher : World Resources Inst
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 123
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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