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In Vivo Models to Study Angiogenesis

In Vivo Models to Study Angiogenesis
A Book

by Domenico Ribatti

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-08-18
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 0128140216
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Vivo Models to Study Angiogenesis provides the latest information and an overview of the most common assays for studying angiogenesis in vivo. Under physiological conditions, angiogenesis is tightly controlled, whereas increased production of angiogenic stimuli and/or reduced production of angiogenic inhibitors leads to abnormal neovascularization, such as occurs in cancer, chronic inflammatory disease, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration and cardiovascular disorders. Several genetic and epigenetic mechanisms are involved in the early development of the vascular system. This book presents the latest information from the extensive literature and research available. Evidence is now emerging that blood vessels themselves have the ability to provide instructive regulatory signals to surrounding non-vascular target cells during organ development. Thus, endothelial cell signaling is currently believed to promote fundamental cues for cell fate specification, embryo patterning, organ differentiation and postnatal tissue remodeling. Provides information on the most common assays to study angiogenesis in vivo Presents an ideal reference for those interested in angiogenesis as a normal and vital process in growth and development Covers wound healing, the formation of granulation tissue, and the transition of tumors from benign to malignant

Tumor Models in Cancer Research

Tumor Models in Cancer Research
A Book

by Beverly A. Teicher

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-12-01
  • Pages : 693
  • ISBN : 9781607619680
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The past 6 years since the first edition of this book have seen great progress in the development of genetically engineered mouse (GEM) models of cancer. These models are finding an important role in furthering our understanding of the biology of malignant disease. A comfortable position for GEM models in the routine conduct of screening for potential new therapeutics is coming more slowly but is coming. Increasing numbers of genetically engineered mice are available, some with conditional activation of oncogenes, some with multiple genetic changes providing mouse models that are moving closer to the human disease.

Tumor Microenvironment Regulation of Tumor Expansion

Tumor Microenvironment Regulation of Tumor Expansion
A Book

by Domenico Ribatti

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-04-04
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 0128228040
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tumor Microenvironment Regulation of Tumor Expansion is a practical guide to understand and perform research on tumor microenvironments, and to support related clinical decisions. Tumor progression is linked to an imbalance between positive and negative regulators, and mainly depends on the release of specific growth factors by inflammatory or neoplastic cells. Inflammatory infiltrate contributes to tumor progression and the metastatic process, and there are many reports of associations between tumor inflammatory infiltrate, progression, and prognosis. Understanding different contexts of organs is a key factor in improving treatment outcome, especially in new therapeutic treatments targeting components of the tumor microenvironment. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, clinicians, graduate students, and scientists in many biomedical fields who are interested in the complex relationship between the tumor microenvironment and its context in specific organs. Provides a holistic approach to understanding the crucial role of the tumor microenvironment in tumor progression Encompasses the basic knowledge necessary to understand and undertake further studies related to tumor microenvironments Discusses new therapeutic approaches developed to control tumor progression by targeting different components of the tumor microenvironment

In Vivo Models of Inflammation

In Vivo Models of Inflammation
A Book

by Lisa A. Marshall,Douglas W. Morgan

  • Publisher : Birkhäuser
  • Release : 2013-11-11
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN : 3034877757
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The purpose of this volume in the series Progress in Inflammation Research is to pro vide the biomedical researcher with a description of the state of the art of the devel opment and use of animal models of diseases with components of inflammation. Par ticularly highlighted are those models which can serve as in vivo correlates of diseases most commonly targeted for therapeutic intervention. The format is designed with the laboratory in mind; thus it provides detailed descriptions of the methodologies and uses of the most significant models. Also, new approaches to the development of future models in selected therapeutic areas have been highlighted. While emphasis is on the newest models, new information broadening our understanding of several well-known models of proven clinical utility is included. In addition, we have pro vided coverage of transgenic and gene transfer technologies which will undoubtedly serve as tools for many future approaches. Provocative comments on the cutting edge and future directions are meant to stimulate new thinking. Of course, it is important to recognize that the experimental use of animals for human benefit carries with it a solemn responsibility for the welfare of these animals. The reader is referred to the section on current regulations governing animal use which addresses this concern. To fulfill our purpose, the content is organized according to therapeutic areas with the associated models arranged in subcategories of each therapeutic area.

Tumor Angiogenesis Assays: Methods and Protocols

Tumor Angiogenesis Assays: Methods and Protocols
A Book

by Domenico Ribatti

  • Publisher : Methods in Molecular Biology
  • Release : 2018-12
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9781493981496
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume aims to provide a range of methods and protocols for studying tumor angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo to reflect advances in the field. The chapters in this book cover topics such as: morphological aspects of tumor angiogenesis, aortic ring assay and its use for the study of tumor angiogenesis, ex vivo tissue culture model for anti-angiogenic drug testing, transgenic zebrafish, orthotopic models of ovarian cancer, and uncovering metabolic effects of anti-angiogenic therapy in tumors by induced metabolic bioluminescence imaging. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting edge and thorough, Tumor Angiogenesis Assays: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for anyone interested in tumor angiogenesis assay research.

The Study of in Vivo Angiogenesis and Anti-tumor Therapeutics in Rodent Glioma Models

The Study of in Vivo Angiogenesis and Anti-tumor Therapeutics in Rodent Glioma Models
A Book

by Ting He

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Chick Embryo Chorioallantoic Membrane in the Study of Angiogenesis and Metastasis

The Chick Embryo Chorioallantoic Membrane in the Study of Angiogenesis and Metastasis
The CAM assay in the study of angiogenesis and metastasis

by Domenico Ribatti

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-01-28
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN : 9789048138456
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) is an extraembryonic membrane which serves as a gas exchange surface and its function is supported by a dense capillary network. Because of its extensive vascularization and easy accessibility, the CAM has been broadly used to study the morpho-functional aspects of the angiogenesis process in vivo and to investigate the efficacy and mechanisms of action of pro-angiogenic and anti-angiogenic natural and synthetic molecules. The CAM is a suitable site for transplanting tissues, which can survive and develop in the CAM by peripheral anastomoses between graft and original CAM vasculature or by new angiogenic vessels grown from the CAM that invade the graft. While the formation of peripheral anastomoses between host and pre-existing donor vessels is the main, and the most common, mechanism involved in the revascularization of embryonic grafts, the growth of CAM-derived vessels into the graft is only stimulated in tumor grafts. The CAM has long been a favored system for the study of tumor angiogenesis and metastasis, because at this stage the chick immunocompetence system is not fully developed and the conditions for rejection have not been established. Tumors remain avascular for 72 h, after which they are penetrated by new blood vessels and begin a phase of rapid growth. Also, delivery of tumor cells onto the CAM allows the fine study of the effects of tumor derived angiogenic growth factors on blood vessel structure and functionality. The CAM may also used to verify the ability to inhibit the growth of capillaries by implanting tumors onto the CAM and by comparing tumor growth and vascularization with or without the administration of an anti-angiogenic molecule. Other studies using the tumor cells/CAM model have focused on the invasion of the chorionic epithelium and the blood vessels by tumor cells. The cells invade the epithelium and the mesenchymal connective tissue below, where they are found in the form of a dense bed of blood vessels, which is a target for intravasation.

Angiogenesis in Health and Disease

Angiogenesis in Health and Disease
A Book

by Michael E. Maragoudakis,Pietro M. Gullino,Peter I. Lelkes

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 1461533589
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Angiogenesis describes the formation of new blood vessels, which arise as outgrowths from existing vessels. In many physiological processes such as ovulation and wound healing angiogenesis is involved for a relatively short time. Otherwise under normal physiological conditions in the adult organism angiogenesis is an extremely slow process. By contrast in certain disease states such as diabetic retinopathy, arthritis, chronic inflammation, hemangiomas, etc., angiogenesis persists and contributes to the pathology of these disease states. Some 50 such "angiogenic diseases" have been described where angiogeneSiS is involved. Also in tumor growth and metastasis angiogenesis is an essential process and precedes neoplastic transformation. Hence, angiogenesis could become an important diagnostic tool and a target for developing therapeutic agents. This book contains the proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Angiogenesis in Health and Disease" held in Porto Hydra, Greece, from June 16-27, 1991. This meeting was a comprehensive review of endothelial cell biology and endothelial cell phenotypic and functional heterogeneity in relation to angiogenesis under physiological and pathological conditions. Numerous in vitro and in vivo models were presented, which are used to study angiogenesis at the molecular and cellular levels and to evaluate chemical compounds or naturally occuring substances for their effect on angiogenesis. The presentations and discussions at this meeting provided an opportunity for the basic science and the clinical disciplines to meet, exchange information and provide future research directions for many investigators engaged in the study of angiogenesis.

Tumor Vascularization

Tumor Vascularization
A Book

by Domenico Ribatti,Francesco Pezzella

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-01-07
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 0128220279
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tumor Vascularization discusses the different types of growth of tumor blood vessels and their implications on research and healthcare. The book is divided into three parts: the first one, General Mechanisms, discusses different vessel growth mechanisms, such as sprouting angiogenesis, non-angiogenesis dependent growth, intussusceptive microvascular growth, vascular co-option and vasculogenic mimicry. The second and third parts, entitled Clinical Implications and Therapeutic Implications are dedicated to translating recent findings in this field to patient treatment and healthcare. This book is a valuable source for cancer researchers, oncologists, graduate students and members of the biomedical field who are interested in tumor progression and blood vessels. Explains new, non-orthodox concepts recently developed and related to the modality of growth of tumor blood vessels Provides information on the types of angiogenesis, non-angiogenesis dependent growth and vascular co-option, discussing both their similarities and differences Encompasses a discussion on clinical implications of tumor vascularization to translate research findings into treatment

Milestones in Immunology

Milestones in Immunology
Based on Collected Papers

by Domenico Ribatti

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-06-13
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 0128113294
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Milestones in Immunology: Based on Collected Papers contains scientific milestones relating to the history of medicine over the past two centuries. The book highlights the contributions of pioneering scientists whose discoveries have paved the way for researchers working in the field of immunology. As the science of immunology grew from knowledge that survivors of common infectious diseases rarely contracted them again, the book uses this as a central thesis, helping readers understand how the adaptive immune system aids in defense against pathogens. In addition, the book covers special fields, such as immunohistochemistry, immunogenetics and immunopathology. For the past century, immunology has fascinated and inspired some of the greatest scientists of our time. Numerous Nobel Prizes have been awarded for fundamental discoveries in immunology, from Paul Ehrlich’ work on antibodies (1908) to the studies of Zinkernagel and Doherty (1986) elucidating mechanisms of cell-mediated immunity. Provides on update on developments since the publication of Nobel prize winning research for fundamental discoveries in immunology Discusses the changing theories and technologies that guided the field Lists all the important discoveries and books in the field Explains, in detail, the many Nobel prize-winning contributions of immunologists Provides recognition of the scientists who were pioneers of landmark discoveries in immunology

Vascular Morphogenesis: In Vivo, In Vitro, In Mente

Vascular Morphogenesis: In Vivo, In Vitro, In Mente
A Book

by Vladimir Mironov,Charles Little,Helen Sage

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 265
  • ISBN : 1461241561
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The overall scope of this new series will be to evolve an understanding of the genetic basis of (1) how early mesoderm commits to cells of a heart lineage that progressively and irreversibly assemble into a segmented, primary heart tube that can be remodeled into a four-chambered organ, and (2) how blood vessels are derived and assembled both in the heart and in the body. Our central aim is to establish a four-dimensional, spatiotemporal foundation for the heart and blood vessels that can be genetically dissected for function and mechanism. Since Robert DeHaan's seminal chapter "Morphogenesis of the Vertebrate Heart" pub lished in Organogenesis (Holt Reinhart & Winston, NY) in 1965, there have been surprisingly few books devoted to the subject of cardiovascular morphogenesis, despite the enormous growth of interest that occurred nationally and internationally. Most writings on the subject have been schol arly compilations of the proceedings of major national or international symposia or multiauthored volumes, often without a specific theme. What is missing are the unifying concepts that can make sense out of a burgeoning database of facts. The Editorial Board of this new series believes the time has come for a book series dedicated to cardiovascular morphogenesis that will serve not only as an important archival and didactic reference source for those who have recently come into the field but also as a guide to the evolution of a field that is clearly coming of age.

Recent Advances in Angiogenesis Assessment Methods and Their Clinical Applications

Recent Advances in Angiogenesis Assessment Methods and Their Clinical Applications
A Book

by Imran Shahid

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Angiogenesis, a natural phenomenon of developing new blood vessels, is an integral part of normal developmental processes as well as numerous pathological states in humans. The angiogenic assays are reliable predictors of certain pathologies in particular tumor growth, metastasis, inflammation, wound healing, tissue regeneration, ischemia, cardiovascular, and ocular diseases. The angiogenic inducer and inhibitor studies rely on both in vivo and in vitro angiogenesis methods, and various animal models are also standardized to assess qualitative and quantitative angiogenesis. Analogously, the discovery and development of anti-angiogenic agents are also based on the choice of suitable angiogenic assays and potential drug targeted sites within the angiogenic process. Similarly, the selection of cell types and compatible experimental conditions resembling the angiogenic disease being studied are also potential challenging tasks in recent angiogenesis studies. The imaging analysis systems for data acquisition from in vivo, in vitro, and in ova angiogenesis assay to preclinic, and clinical research also requires novel but easy-to-use tools and well-established protocols. The proposition of this pragmatic book chapter overviews the recent advances in angiogenesis assessment methods and discusses their applications in numerous disease pathogenesis.

Inhibitors of corneal inflammation and angiogenesis

Inhibitors of corneal inflammation and angiogenesis
Prospectives and challenges

by Pierfrancesco Mirabelli

  • Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
  • Release : 2019-04-30
  • Pages : 91
  • ISBN : 9176850641
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pathologic angiogenesis is involved in cancer and several blinding conditions such as wet age-related macular degeneration, proliferative retinopathies and corneal neovascularization. In these dieseases, the angiogenic triggers are hypoxia and inflammation, and both involve the main angiogenic mediator, which is Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF). Among available treatments, anti-VEGF often shows limited or temporary efficacy, while steroids are potentially responsible for many side-effects. This thesis presents a series of linked studies aimed at elucidating the early pathologic changes leading to inflammation and corneal neovascularization, and how various treatments affect this process. In this thesis, anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic treatments are applied in corneal neovascularization models, to identify VEGF-independent pathways and other novel factors as future therapy targets, as well as to investigate the endogenous modulation of angiogenesis. A model of experimental neovascularization in the rat cornea was used as main model, where the neovascular response is triggered by a surgical suture placed into the cornea. Investigational treatments (anti-Vegf, dexamethasone, IMD0354, Gap27, or control substances) were then given topically, with the exception of IMD0354, which was given systemically. The effects in the cornea were studied in vivo with slit lamp photography to assess and quantify macroscopic vessel growth and using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) to study cell infiltration and limbal vessel dilation and detect microscopic vessel sprouts; these examinations were performed longitudinally. Genomic analysis with RNA microarray, selected gene expression with q-RT-PCR, and selected protein expression in tissue (immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, Western blot) were performed at different time-points. Moreover, other experiments on cell cultures (HUVEC and HCEC), organ cultures (human corneas), ex vivo models (aortic rings) and in vivo studies (zebrafish vasculogenesis) were performed. Dexamethasone suppressed limbal vasodilation and corneal neovascularization more than anti-Vegf, despite no difference in inflammatory cell infiltration into the cornea. Five-hundred eleven fewer genes were differentially expressed in dexamethasone-treated corneas relative to naïve corneas, compared to anti-Vegf. Among them, several major pro-angiogenic and pro-inflammatory factors and chemokines were suppressed only by dexamethasone and represent novel candidate factors to target in order to improve anti-VEGF treatment. On the other hand, selective inhibition of a single inflammatory pathway (NF-?B), despite showing similar early effects as dexamethasone in suppressing tissue inflammation, was not effective enough to suppress new vessel growth. The same factors suppressed by dexamethasone are also inhibited in endogenous modulation of angiogenesis. Surprisingly, dexamethasone activated several complement factors, which could possibly be beneficial in the anti-angiogenic response. In a different therapeutic approach, promoting cell migration to accelerate epithelial wound closure similarly was not sufficient to avoid inflammation and angiogenesis in the cornea. In conclusion, new and more effective treatments are needed for corneal inflammation and neovascularization with fewer side-effects. In this thesis, several novel factors and mechanisms related to inflammation are identified, factors that are not addressed by anti-Vegf therapy, and therefore represent interesting objects for further study, as they have the potential to be targets for adjuvant therapy. Specific anti-inflammatory treatment as well as therapeutic activation of endogenous regulatory pathways, and potentially complement modulation, might represent new strategies to improve anti-angiogenic therapy, but when used alone they do not seem to avoid corneal neovascularization.

Angiogenesis: In Vivo Systems

Angiogenesis: In Vivo Systems
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-02-12
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 9780080921662
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding how angiogenesis "works" and how to control it will have massive implications on the management, treatments, and ultimately the prevention of many common (and not so common) diseases. Angiogenesis is the growth of new blood vessels and is an important natural process in the body. A healthy body maintains a perfect balance of angiogenesis modulators. In many serious disease states, however, the body loses control over angiogenesis. Diseases that are angiogenesis-dependent result when blood vessels either grow excessively or insufficiently. * Tried-and-tested techniques written by researchers that developed them, used them, and brought them to fruition * Provides the "builder's manual" for essential techniques--a one-stop shop that eliminates needless searching among untested techniques * Includes step-by-step methods for understanding the cell and molecular basis of wound healing, vascular integrin signaling, mechanical signaling in blood vessels, and vascular proteomics

Replacing Animal Models

Replacing Animal Models
A Practical Guide to Creating and Using Culture-based Biomimetic Alternatives

by Jamie Davies

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-03-19
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1119940982
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the last decade, in vitro models have become more sophisticated and are at a stage where they can provide an effective alternative to in vivo experiments. Replacing Animal Models provides scientists and technicians with a practical, integrated guide to developing culture-based alternatives to in vivo experiments. The book is neither political nor polemical: it is technical, illustrating by example how alternatives can be developed and used and providing useful advice on developing others. After looking at the reasons for and potential benefits of alternatives to animal experiments, the book covers a range of methods and examples emphasising the design considerations that went into each system. The chapters also include 'case studies' that illustrate the ways in which culture models can be used to answer a range of important biological questions of direct relevance to human development, physiology, disease and healing. The thesis of this book is not that all animal experimentation can be replaced, now or in the near future, by equally effective or superior alternatives. Rather, the premise is that there is substantial opportunity, here and now, to do some common types of experiment better in vitro than in vivo, and that doing so will result in both scientific and ethical gains.

Development of Angiogenesis Models and in Vivo Studies of Angiogenesis Inhibitors

Development of Angiogenesis Models and in Vivo Studies of Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Mechanisms and Potential Therapeutic Strategies

by Evelyn Mary Gonzales,Harvard Medical School

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Vivo Models of Inflammation

In Vivo Models of Inflammation
A Book

by Christopher S. Stevenson,Lisa A. Marshall,Douglas W. Morgan

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-11-10
  • Pages : 211
  • ISBN : 3764375205
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Vivo Models of Inflammation (Vol. 1) provides biomedical researchers in both the pharmaceutical industry and academia with a description of the state-of-the-art animal model systems used to emulate diseases with components of inflammation. This second edition acts as a complement to the first, describing and updating the standard models that are most utilized for specific disease areas. New models are included exploring emerging areas of inflammation research.

Textbook of in vivo Imaging in Vertebrates

Textbook of in vivo Imaging in Vertebrates
A Book

by Vasilis Ntziachristos,Anne Leroy-Willig,Bertrand Tavitian

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2007-08-20
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 9780470029589
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes the new imaging techniques being developed to monitor physiological, cellular and subcellular function within living animals. This exciting field of imaging science brings together physics, chemistry, engineering, biology and medicine to yield powerful and versatile imaging approaches. By combining advanced non-invasive imaging technologies with new mechanisms for visualizing biochemical events and protein and gene function, non-invasive vertebrate imaging enables the in vivo study of biology and offers rapid routes from basic discovery to drug development and clinical application. Combined with the availability of an increasing number of animal models of human disease, and the ability to perform longitudinal studies of disease evolution and of the long-term effects of therapeutic procedures, this new technology offers the next generation of tools for biomedical research. Well illustrated, largely in colour, the book reviews the most common and technologically advanced methods for vertebrate imaging, presented in a clear, comprehensive format. The basic principles are described, followed by several examples of the use of imaging in the study of living multicellular organisms, concentrating on small animal models of human diseases. The book illustrates: The types of information that can be obtained with modern in vivo imaging; The substitution of imaging methods for more destructive histological techniques; The advantages conferred by in vivo imaging in building a more accurate picture of the response of tissues to stimuli over time while significantly reducing the number of animals required for such studies. Part 1 describes current techniques in in vivo imaging, providing specialists and laboratory scientists from all disciplines with clear and helpful information regarding the tools available for their specific research field. Part 2 looks in more detail at imaging organ development and function, covering the brain, heart, lung and others. Part 3 describes the use of imaging to monitor various new types of therapy, following the reaction in an individual organism over time, e.g. after gene or cell therapy. Most chapters are written by teams of physicists and biologists, giving a balanced coherent description of each technique and its potential applications.

In Vivo Models of Inflammation

In Vivo Models of Inflammation
A Book

by Douglas W. Morgan,Lisa A. Marshall

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN : 9783764358761
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Purpose of In vivo Models of Inflammation is to provide the biomedical researcher in both the pharmaceutical industry and academia with a description of the state of the art animal model systems used to emulate diseases with components of inflammation. The aim of this second edition is to act as a complement to the first by describing and updating the standard models that are most utilized for specific disease areas. In addition, this 2nd edition includes new models exploring emerging areas of inflammation research. It provides detailed descriptions of the methodologies and uses of the most significant models. This includes current information regarding agents that demonstrate efficacy, those that do not and those that can be used as standard controls. The focus remains on those models that serve as pre-clinical correlates to human disease as well as those that represent components of the inflammatory response. New approaches to the development of future models in selected therapeutic areas have been highlighted. The focus on novel technologies that are vital for innovative in vivo research has also been expanded to include chapters on the use of transgenic and gene transfer technologies, nanotechnology, and stem cells. The book provides the scientist with an up-to-date reference manual for selecting the best animal model for their specific question. Chapters describing current regulations in the United States, United Kingdom, and Japan are also included.

The Vascular Endothelium

The Vascular Endothelium
A Holistic Approach for Oncology

by Domenico Ribatti,Francesco Pezzella

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2022-03-01
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 0128243929
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Vascular Endothelium: A Holistic Approach for Oncology provides novel and integrated knowledge on the endothelial cells as a crucial component involved in the growth of different organs in both physiological and pathological conditions. By covering diverse aspects of anatomy, embryology, molecular biology and pathology, it details the important role of the endothelium for the pathogenesis of cancer and how this knowledge can improve the outcome of cancer research. The content is split in six parts: appearance and evolution of the endothelial cell, which discusses for instance comparative anatomy of the endothelium in relation to the vascular system; endothelial cell in embryology and organogenesis, covering the interaction between endothelial and hematopoietic cells; the lymphatic system, which brings information on lymphatic endothelial cell markers and molecular regulation of lymphangiogenesis; the anatomy of the endothelium in adults, showing the differences in the mature endothelial cells through the body; the physiology of the endothelial cells, with organ specific physiological activity of the endothelium; and the endothelial cells in cancer, discussing the use of endothelium as target for treatment and current therapeutic approaches. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists and other members of biomedical field who are interested to learn more about the complexity of vascular endothelium and its impact on cancer and other related diseases. Provides a holistic approach to the knowledge of endothelial cells in different organs, from early years of development to adulthood Discusses relevant aspects of endothelial cells related to the pathogenesis of cancer to be applied to novel therapeutics Presents an interdisciplinary view of the vascular endothelium, covering anatomy, embryology, molecular biology, pathology and clinical implications