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Industrial Enzymes for Biofuels Production

Industrial Enzymes for Biofuels Production
Recent Updates and Future Trends

by Neha Srivastava,P. K. Mishra,S. N. Upadhyay

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-23
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 0128210109
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Industrial Enzymes for Biofuels Production: Recent Updates and Future Trends focuses on resolving existing bottlenecks in enzymes mediated biomass to biofuels production processes through updating recent scientific knowledge and technology developments. The book provides low cost sustainable approaches to lower the cost of enzymes production following different approaches. It is specifically focused on industrial aspects of enzymes used in biofuels production processes by presenting in-depth study of existing issues related to practical viability and long-term sustainability. The book covers detailed discussions on market scenario of industrial enzymes used in biofuels production processes and compares them on both lab and industrial scale. Users will find this to be a great resource that also helps them develop low cost green technologies for enzyme development in biofuels production.

Industrial Enzymes for Biofuels Production

Industrial Enzymes for Biofuels Production
Recent Updates and Future Trends

by Neha Srivastava,P.K. Mishra,S. N. Upadhyay

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-11
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 012821256X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Industrial Enzymes for Biofuels Production: Recent Updates and Future Trends focuses on resolving existing bottlenecks in enzymes mediated biomass to biofuels production processes through updating recent scientific knowledge and technology developments. The book provides low cost sustainable approaches to lower the cost of enzymes production following different approaches. It is specifically focused on industrial aspects of enzymes used in biofuels production processes by presenting in-depth study of existing issues related to practical viability and long-term sustainability. The book covers detailed discussions on market scenario of industrial enzymes used in biofuels production processes and compares them on both lab and industrial scale. Users will find this to be a great resource that also helps them develop low cost green technologies for enzyme development in biofuels production. Includes recent updates in research and the technologies of industrial enzymes used in biofuels production process Describes various developed low-cost technologies for enzyme production Explores different, sustainable approaches currently being used

Approaches to Enhance Industrial Production of Fungal Cellulases

Approaches to Enhance Industrial Production of Fungal Cellulases
A Book

by Manish Srivastava,Neha Srivastava,Pramod W. Ramteke,Pradeep Kumar Mishra

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-04-26
  • Pages : 209
  • ISBN : 3030147266
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cellulase is a key enzyme of industrial interest and plays a crucial role in the hydrolysis of cellulose, a prime component of plant cell walls. Cellulase covers a broad area in the global market of industrially important enzymes and it is considered as the third largest industrial enzyme globally. Additionally, cellulase contributes about 20% of the total enzyme market globally because of its massive demand in various industries such as in biofuel production, pulp, paper, textile, food, and beverages, as well as in detergent industries. Among these, the demand of cellulase may become frequently selected in the commercial production of biofuels in the future and thus will further increase demand of cellulase in the biofuel industry. Because biofuel production is still not realized in a cost-effective, practical implementation due to its high cost (the higher cost of biofuels is due to higher production costs of enzymes), there is a need to introduce these types of approaches, which will help to lower the cost of enzyme production for developing overall economic biofuel production.

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
Advances in Enzyme Technology

by Ram Sarup Singh,Reeta Rani Singhania,Ashok Pandey,Christian Larroche

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-03-04
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN : 0444641149
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass, Biofuels and Biochemicals: Advances in Enzyme Technology provides state-of-the-art information on the fundamental aspects and current perspectives in enzyme technology to graduate students, postgraduates and researchers working in industry and academia. The book provides information about the use of enzyme technology as an important tool for biotechnological processes, including food, feed, fuels, textiles, paper, energy and environmental applications. The search for improvements in existing enzyme-catalyzed processes dictates the need to update information on various enzyme technologies. The book gives a snapshot of current practice and research in the area of enzyme technology. Includes current and emerging technologies for the development of novel enzyme catalysis Outlines immobilized enzymes and their implications Refers to enzymes as diagnostic tools Includes metabolic engineering principles for improving industrial enzymes

Metaproteogenomics-guided Enzyme Discovery

Metaproteogenomics-guided Enzyme Discovery
Targeted Identification of Novel Proteases in Microbial Communities

by Mikaela Johansson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 74
  • ISBN : 9789176853139
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Industrial biotechnology is a large and growing industry as it is part of establishing a “greener” and more sustainable bioeconomy-based society. Using enzymes as biocatalysts is a viable alternative to chemicals and energy intense industrial processes and is en route to a more sustainable industry. Enzymes have been used in different areas for ages and are today used in many industrial processes such as biofuels production, food industry, tanning, chemical synthesis, pharmaceuticals etc. Enzymes are today a billion-dollar industry in itself and the demand for novel catalysts for various present and future processes of renewable resources are high and perfectly in line with converting to a more sustainable society. Most enzymes used in industry today have been identified from isolated and pure cultured microorganisms with identified desirable traits and enzymatic capacities. However, it is known that less than 1% of all microorganisms can be can be obtained in pure cultures. Thus, if we were to rely solely on pure culturing, this would leave the 99% of the microorganisms that constitutes the “microbial dark matter” uninvestigated for their potential in coding for and producing valuable novel enzymes. Therefore, to investigate these “unculturable” microorganisms for novel and valuable enzymes, pure-culture independent methods are needed. During the last two decades there has been a fast and extensive development in techniques and methods applicable for this purpose. Especially important has been the advancements made in mass spectrometry for protein identification and next generation sequencing of DNA. With these technical developments new research fields of proteomics and genomics have been developed, by which the complete protein complement of cells (the proteome) and all genes (the genome) of organisms can be investigated. When these techniques are applied to microbial communities these fields of research are known as meta-proteomics and meta-genomics. However, when applied to complex microbial communities, difficulties different from those encountered in their original usage for analysis of single multicellular organisms or cell linages arises, and when used independently both methods have their own limitations and bottlenecks. In addition, both metaproteomics and metagenomics are largely non-targeting techniques. Thus, if the purpose is still to - somewhat contradictory – use these non-targeting methods for targeted identification of novel enzymes with certain desired activities and properties from within microbial communities, special measures need to be taken. The work presented in this thesis describes the development of a method that combines metaproteomics and metagenomics (i.e. metaproteogenomics) for the targeted discovery of novel enzymes with desired activities, and their correct coding genes, from within microbial communities. Thus, what is described is a method that can be used to circumvent the pure-culturing problem so that a much larger fraction of the microbial dark matter can be specifically investigated for the identification of novel valuable enzymes.

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
Advances in Enzyme Catalysis and Technologies

by Sudhir P. Singh,Ashok Pandey,Reeta Rani Singhania,Christian Larroche,Zhi Li

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-03
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 0128198214
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Enzyme Catalysis and Technologies intends to provide the basic structural and functional descriptions, and classification of enzymes. The scientific information related to the recombinant enzyme modifications, discovery of novel enzymes and development of synthetic enzymes are also presented. The translational aspects of enzyme catalysis and bioprocess technologies are illustrated, by emphasizing the current requirements and future perspectives of industrial biotechnology. Several case studies are included on enzymes for biofuels application, micro algal biorefineries, high-value bioactive molecules production and enzymes for environmental processes, such as enzymatic bioprocessing for functional food development, biocatalytic technologies for the production of functional sweetener, etc. Provides a conceptual understanding of enzyme catalysis, enzyme engineering, discovery of novel enzymes, and technology perspectives Includes comprehensive information about the inventions and advancement in enzyme system development for biomass processing and functional food developmental aspects Gives an updated reference for education and understanding of enzyme technology

Biotechnology of Microbial Enzymes

Biotechnology of Microbial Enzymes
Production, Biocatalysis and Industrial Applications

by Goutam Brahmachari

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-07-21
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 0128037466
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biotechnology of Microbial Enzymes: Production, Biocatalysis and Industrial Applications provides a complete survey of the latest innovations on microbial enzymes, highlighting biotechnological advances in their production and purification along with information on successful applications as biocatalysts in several chemical and industrial processes under mild and green conditions. Applications of microbial enzymes in food, feed, and pharmaceutical industries are given particular emphasis. The application of recombinant DNA technology within industrial fermentation and the production of enzymes over the last 20 years have produced a host of useful chemical and biochemical substances. The power of these technologies results in novel transformations, better enzymes, a wide variety of applications, and the unprecedented development of biocatalysts through the ongoing integration of molecular biology methodology, all of which is covered insightfully and in-depth within the book. Features research on microbial enzymes from basic science through application in multiple industry sectors for a comprehensive approach Includes information on metabolic pathway engineering, metagenomic screening, microbial genomes, extremophiles, rational design, directed evolution, and more Provides a holistic approach to the research of microbial enzymes

Biotechnology for Sustainability and Social Well Being

Biotechnology for Sustainability and Social Well Being
A Book

by Pau Loke Show,Chiaki Ogino,Mohamad Faizal Ibrahim

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-09-01
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 3036506721
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers the latest development of bioprocess technology including theoretical, numerical, and experimental approaches in biotechnology as well as green technology that bridge conventional practices and Industry 4.0. Bioprocessing is one of the key factors in several emerging industries of biofuels, used in the production of biogas, bioethanol, and biodiesel; industrial enzymes; waste management through biotechnology; new vaccines; and many more. It is hoped that the novel bioprocess and green biotechnologies presented in this book are useful in assisting the global community in working towards fulfilling the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of the United Nations.

Industrial Enzymes

Industrial Enzymes
Structure, Function and Applications

by Julio Polaina,Andrew P. MacCabe

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-05-16
  • Pages : 641
  • ISBN : 1402053770
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent developments in genetic engineering and protein chemistry are bringing ever more powerful means of analysis to bear on the study of enzyme structure. This volume reviews the most important types of industrial enzymes. In a balanced manner it covers three interrelated aspects of paramount importance for enzyme performance: three-dimensional protein structure, physicochemical and catalytic properties, and the range of both classical and novel applications.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
From Cellulose to Cellulase: Strategies to Improve Biofuel Production

by Neha Srivastava,Manish Srivastava,P.K Mishra,P.W Ramteke,Ram Lakhan Singh

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-05-03
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 0444642242
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: From Cellulose to Cellulase: Strategies to Improve Biofuel Production outlines new methods for the industrial production of the cellulose enzyme. The book compares the various processes for the production of biofuels, including the cost of cellulose production and availability. Biofuels are considered to be the main alternatives to fossil fuels in reducing environmental pollution and climate change. Currently, all existing biofuel production is suffering because of the high costs of production processes. As a result, cost effective practical implementation is needed to make this a viable energy alternative. Introduces new and innovative strategies for cellulase enzyme production at industrial scale Provides sustainable approaches to produce cellulase at low cost Covers all aspect and possible factors for economical, low cost, cellulase mediated biofuels production

Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Biofuels

Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Biofuels
Process Modeling and In-house Enzymes Production

by Vandana Rana

  • Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
  • Release : 2015-12-03
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 9783659796111
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biofuels production offers several advantages including national security improvement, more jobs creation and environmental quality improvement, but high cost of biofuels production is a major barrier in the industrialization process.This book includes the strategies to facilitate the economic feasibility of biorefineries for the industrial production of biofuels by lowering the amount of enzymes usage.

Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources

Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources
Status and Innovation

by Anuj K. Chandel,Fernando Segato

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-11-01
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 012823654X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources: Status and Innovation covers all important technological aspects of the production of biochemicals from renewable feedstock. All the important technological aspects of biomass conversion for example biomass pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis for cellulosic sugars production followed by the fermentation into chemicals and downstream recovery of the products is reviewed. Recent technological advancements in suitable microorganism development, bioprocess engineering for biomass conversion for cellulosic sugars production and various fermentation strategies and downstream recovery of these top 12 products is presented. Each bio-chemical selected by US Department of Energy i.e. ethanol, xylitol/sorbitol, furans (5-HMF, 2,5-FDCA,), glycerol & its derivatives, hydrocarbons) isoprene, iso-butadienes and others), lactic acid, succinic acid, 3-hydroxy propionic acid, levulinic acid and biohydrogen/biogas is included in a single book chapter. In addition to the technical aspects of these 12 biochemicals, general technological challenges dealing with lignocellulose refining, perspectives and solutions are elaborated in the book. Also, life cycle analysis, techno-economic viability, and sustainability index of biofuels/biochemicals are comprehensively reviewed in the book. covers uniquely designed scientific and technical literature on USDOE top listed biochemicals production with clear images and tables in the context of biomass valorisation Includes the clear and simplistic illustration of technological updates on biomass processing, system biology, microbial fermentation, catalysis, regeneration and monitoring of renewable energy and chemicals production Presents fast and reliable source of information on techno-economic analysis, life cycle analysis, technological scouting at industrial scale Entails fundamental aspects, recent developments in production of renewable chemicals as building block materials for commodity chemicals production

Biofuel Technologies

Biofuel Technologies
Recent Developments

by Vijai Kumar Gupta,Maria G. Tuohy

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-01-26
  • Pages : 534
  • ISBN : 3642345190
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biofuels are considered to be the main potential replacement for fossil fuels in the near future. In this book international experts present recent advances in biofuel research and related technologies. Topics include biomethane and biobutanol production, microbial fuel cells, feedstock production, biomass pre-treatment, enzyme hydrolysis, genetic manipulation of microbial cells and their application in the biofuels industry, bioreactor systems, and economical processing technologies for biofuel residues. The chapters provide concise information to help understand the technology-related implications of biofuels development. Moreover, recent updates on biofuel feedstocks, biofuel types, associated co- and byproducts and their applications are highlighted. The book addresses the needs of postgraduate researchers and scientists across diverse disciplines and industrial sectors in which biofuel technologies and related research and experimentation are pursued.

Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Industrial Applications

Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Industrial Applications
A Book

by Arindam Kuila,Vinay Sharma

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-05-11
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1119323878
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Industrial Applications describes the utilization of lignocellulosic biomass for various applications. Although there have been numerous reports on lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel application, there have been very few other applications reported for lignocellulosic biomass-based chemicals and polymers. Therefore, this book covers all of the possible lignocellulosic biomass applications. Besides describing the different types of biofuel production, such as bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel and biogas from lignocellulosic biomass, it also presents various other lignocellulosic biomass biorefinery applications for the production of chemicals, polymers, paper and bioplastics. In addition, there are chapters on valorization of lignocellulosic materials, alkali treatment to improve the physical, mechanical and chemical properties of lignocellulosic natural fibers, and a discussion of the major benefits, limitations and future prospects of the use of lignocellulosic biomass.

Biofuels and Bioenergy

Biofuels and Bioenergy
Opportunities and Challenges

by Gurunathan Baskar,Sahadevan Renganathan,Zainul Akmar Bin Zakaria

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-10-29
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 032385270X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biofuels and Bioenergy: Opportunities and Challenges addresses the technological developments and challenges in the production of a broad range of biofuels and bioenergy products from renewable feedstock. The book emphasizes the opportunities and challenges involved in various processes including fermentation, transesterification, microbial fuels cells, liquefaction, gasification, and pyrolysis. These are also considered from a biorefinery perspective and discuss all common biomass feedstocks. In addition, the book presents new research on microalgae from waste water treatment, large scale production of microalgae, microbial biooil production, biogas production, computational tools for manipulation of metabolic pathway for enhanced biogas production, production of biofuel from genetically modified microalgal biomass, techno-economic analysis, environmental impact and life cycle analysis. Biofuels and Bioenergy is an ideal reference on the latest research for researchers and students working in the area of biofuels and renewable energy. Addresses biological and chemical methods of biofuel and bioenergy production Provides industry case studies alongside in-depth techno-economic analysis, environmental impact, and life cycle assessment of biofuels production Focuses on the commercial viability of production processes

Advances in Sugarcane Biorefinery

Advances in Sugarcane Biorefinery
Technologies, Commercialization, Policy Issues and Paradigm Shift for Bioethanol and By-Products

by Anuj Chandel,Marcos Henrique Luciano Silveira

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-12-14
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 0128045442
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Sugarcane Biorefinery: Technologies, Commercialization, Policy Issues and Paradigm Shift for Bioethanol and By-Products, by Chandel and Tomé, compiles the basic and applied information covering cane and biomass processing for sugar and ethanol production, as well as by-products utilization for improving the economy of sugarcane biorefineries. In this unique collection of 14 chapters, specialists in their field provide critical insights into several topics, review the current research, and discuss future progress in this research area. The book presents the most current advances in sugarcane biorefinery, including sugarcane crop cultivation, new sugarcane varieties, soil health, mechanization of crop, technical aspects of first and second generation ethanol production, economic analysis, life cycle assessment, biomass logistics and storage, co-generation of heat and electricity, process intensification and alternative by-products utilization. The book also explores the business ecosystem of sugarcane biorefineries, marketing analysis of ethanol demand and price dwindling patterns, aiming for a futuristic scenario. This book will be especially useful for scientists, researchers and technicians who are working in the area of biomass based biorefineries, as well as professionals in the sugar and alcohol industry. It also brings relevant content for policy makers, market analysts, agriculture scientists and managers. Presents technological updates on biomass processing, system biology, microbial fermentation, catalysis, regeneration and monitoring of renewable energy and recovery processes Includes topics on techno-economic analysis, life cycle assessment, sustainability, markets and policy Explores the future potential of biorefineries with zero or near zero waste, and the potential of valorization of all by-products, including alternatives to current applications and the management of a large amount of residues

Biofuels from Algae

Biofuels from Algae
A Book

by Ashok Pandey,Duu-Jong Lee,Yusuf Chisti,Carlos R. Soccol

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-08-08
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 0444595821
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides in-depth information on basic and applied aspects of biofuels production from algae. It begins with an introduction to the topic, and follows with the basic scientific aspects of algal cultivation and its use for biofuels production, such as photo bioreactor engineering for microalgae production, open culture systems for biomass production and the economics of biomass production. It provides state-of-the-art information on synthetic biology approaches for algae suitable for biofuels production, followed by algal biomass harvesting, algal oils as fuels, biohydrogen production from algae, formation/production of co-products, and more. The book also covers topics such as metabolic engineering and molecular biology for algae for fuel production, life cycle assessment and scale-up and commercialization. It is highly useful and helps you to plan new research and design new economically viable processes for the production of clean fuels from algae. Covers in a comprehensive but concise way most of the algae biomass conversion technologies currently available Lists all the products produced from algae, i.e. biohydrogen, fuel oils, etc., their properties and potential uses Includes the economics of the various processes and the necessary steps for scaling them up

Problem Solving in Enzyme Biocatalysis

Problem Solving in Enzyme Biocatalysis
A Book

by Andrés Illanes,Lorena Wilson,Carlos Vera

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-10-02
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 1118341775
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Enzyme biocatalysis is a fast-growing area in process biotechnology that has expanded from the traditional fields of foods, detergents, and leather applications to more sophisticated uses in the pharmaceutical and fine-chemicals sectors and environmental management. Conventional applications of industrial enzymes are expected to grow, with major opportunities in the detergent and animal feed sectors, and new uses in biofuel production and human and animal therapy. In order to design more efficient enzyme reactors and evaluate performance properly, sound mathematical expressions must be developed which consider enzyme kinetics, material balances, and eventual mass transfer limitations. With a focus on problem solving, each chapter provides abridged coverage of the subject, followed by a number of solved problems illustrating resolution procedures and the main concepts underlying them, plus supplementary questions and answers. Based on more than 50 years of teaching experience, Problem Solving in Enzyme Biocatalysis is a unique reference for students of chemical and biochemical engineering, as well as biochemists and chemists dealing with bioprocesses. Contains: Enzyme properties and applications; enzyme kinetics; enzyme reactor design and operation 146 worked problems and solutions in enzyme biocatalysis.

Sustainable Biotechnology- Enzymatic Resources of Renewable Energy

Sustainable Biotechnology- Enzymatic Resources of Renewable Energy
A Book

by Om V. Singh,Anuj K. Chandel

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-25
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 3319954806
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nature offers abundant renewable resources that can be used to partially replace fossil fuels and commodity chemicals but issues of cost, technology readiness levels, and compatibility with existing distribution networks remain huge challenges. Cellulosic ethanol and biodiesel are the most immediately obvious target fuels, with hydrogen, methane and butanol as other potentially viable products. This book continues to bridge the technology gap and focus on critical aspects of lignocellulosic biomolecules and the respective mechanisms regulating their bioconversion to liquid fuels into energy and value-added products of industrial significance. This book is a collection of reviews elucidating several broad-ranging areas of progress and challenges in the utilization of sustainable resources of renewable energy, especially in biofuels. This book comes just at a time when government and industries are accelerating their efforts in the exploration of alternative energy resources, with expectations of the establishment of long-term sustainable alternatives to petroleum-based liquid fuels. Apart from liquid fuel this book also emphasizes the use of sustainable resources for value-added products, which may help in revitalizing the biotechnology industry at a broader scale. This book also provides a comprehensive review of basic literature and advance research methodologies to graduate students studying environmental microbiology, chemical engineering, bio-economy and microbial biotechnology.

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
Biofuels from Algae

by Ashok Pandey,Duu Jong Lee,Jo-Shu Chang,Yusuf Chisti,Carlos Ricardo Soccol

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-14
  • Pages : 603
  • ISBN : 0444642145
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass, Biofuels and Biochemicals: Biofuels from Algae, Second Edition provides information on strategies for commercial microalgae based biofuel production, including their cultivation, pre-treatment and conversion methods. The book discusses methods for producing microalgal biomass in large scale by outdoor culturing and outlines new technologies for their use. In addition, it explains how modern genetic engineering enables the generation of recombinant strains that generate higher quantities of feedstock. The complete utilization of microalgal biomass, which can also be obtained from valorizing nutrients from wastewater and industrial exhaust gases, can be efficiently converted to energy rich biofuels and high value pharmaceuticals in a well-defined biorefinery. Includes the current technologies for the cultivation and conversion of energy rich microalgal biomass into biofuels Provides information on all the conversion methods – biochemical and thermochemical conversions Covers other high value products from microalgae and less conventional applications, such as fine chemical production and aviation fuel generation Discusses the economics of microalgal biofuel production and how to accomplish cost competitive results