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Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell
A Book

by Bruce Alberts

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9780815332183
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Innate Immunity: Resistance and Disease-Promoting Principles

Innate Immunity: Resistance and Disease-Promoting Principles
A Book

by G. Hartmann,H. Wagner

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2013-06-05
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 3318023485
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Our understanding of the complex innate immune response is increasing rapidly. Its role in the protection against viral or bacterial pathogens is essential for the survival of an organism. However, it is equally important to avoid unregulated inflammation because innate immune responses can cause or promote chronic autoinflammatory diseases such as gout, atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes or certain aspects of the metabolic syndrome. In this book leading international experts in the field of innate immunity share their findings, define the ‚state of the art‘ in this field and evaluate how insight into the molecular basis of these diseases could help in the design of new therapies. A tremendous amount of work on the innate immune response has been done over the last fifteen years, culminating in the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine awarded for the discoveries of Toll genes in immunity in flies, membrane-bound Toll-like receptors in mammals, and dendritic cells as initiators of adaptive immunity.

The Innate Immune System

The Innate Immune System
A Compositional and Functional Perspective

by Tom Monie

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-02-16
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 0081007582
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Innate Immune System: A Compositional and Functional Perspective focuses on the components and functionality of the innate immune system, detailing how they work in their own right, and then progressing to cover their relevance to disease and how they interface with the adaptive response. Despite the growing appreciation of the importance of the innate immune system, many classical immunology books still focus predominantly on the adaptive immune response. Not only is this unbalanced, but it fails to reflect the growing synergy between the activation and function of the innate response and the final nature of adaptive response. This book fills the gap in knowledge that is needed to fully understand and appreciate the topic. Provides a clear, but simple picture of the main principle of innate immunity and the interlink with adaptive responses Fulfills an unmet need in the area of innate immunity Gives a constructive and progressive approach to introducing and explaining the key players in the innate immune response Introduces and explains the key players in the innate immune response with a constructive and progressive approach Presents the components of the innate response and shows how these interrelated areas connect with one another from a functional perspective Enables the reader to gradually increase their level of understanding and knowledge without the risk of becoming confused, thereby ensuring they fully comprehend the integrated signaling pathways

Innate Immunity

Innate Immunity
From Louis Pasteur to Jules Hoffmann

by Yves Carton

  • Publisher : Iste Press - Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-15
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 1785483080
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Innate immunity is a new branch of immunology, confirmed by three Nobel Prize winners in 2011. It is the first line of defense against pathogens and is in a way the preliminary step of adaptive immunity which occurs later, and only present in vertebrates. This book examines the way in which innate immunity was discovered in invertebrates. As a starting point, it looks at the work of Louis Pasteur on silkworm disease and the findings of Ilya Metchnikov, discoverer of phagocytosis. It also investigates André Paillot, who in 1920 demonstrated the existence of humoral immunity in insects, unrelated to the type of immunity that was initially thought to be present in all vertebrates. Finally, Innate Immunity shows how the group directed by Jules Hoffmann found strong similarities between the innate immunity response of insects and mammals. The discovery of a receptor protein in Drosophila, which is also found in humans, was what led to Jules Hoffmann being awarded the Nobel Prize in 2011. Presents the transformations experienced by the domains of innate immunity Shows the lineage of these results Bridges the gap between innate immunity of invertebrates and that of vertebrates

Trends in Innate Immunity

Trends in Innate Immunity
A Book

by Arne Egesten,Axel Schmidt,Heiko Herwald

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 211
  • ISBN : 3805585489
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The last decade has witnessed the delineation of innate immunity - a new area which has revolutionized our understanding of host-parasite interactions and their impact on defense mechanisms in infectious and noninfectious diseases. This volume of the book series 'Contributions to Microbiology' provides an update of the current knowledge of this expanding field of research and highlights some of its most important aspects. In eleven state-of-the-art articles, eminent international experts in the field address topics such as the innate immune system in mammals and insects, microbial protein ligands, antimicrobial peptides, complement, antibacterial chemokines, the role of neutrophils and monocytes, oxidative innate immune defenses and the effect of aging on innate immunity. The book will be a valuable resource for microbiologists, immunologists, students, scientists of other related disciplines, and clinicians with an interest in infectious or immunological diseases.

Innate Immunity

Innate Immunity
A Book

by Jonathan Ewbank,Eric Vivier

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 1588297462
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Immunologists today are interested in all of the diverse cell-types involved in host defense and have a deeper appreciation of the importance of innate immune mechanisms as a first line of protection against pathogens. This volume thus discusses the isolation and functional characterization of cells involved in innate immunity in mouse and man, including mast cells and eosinophils. Other focuses include natural killer cells, methods in statistics, in vivo imaging, genome engineering, and mutagenesis and culture that are adapted to the study of innate immunity in these hosts. These are complemented with a series of chapters dealing with alternative models: plants, worms, mosquitoes, flies, and fish. Together, these approaches and models are being used to dissect the complex interplay between hosts and pathogens and contribute to developing strategies to help fight infection. With chapters written by experts on the cutting-edge of this technology, Innate Immunity is an essential reference for immunologists, histologists, geneticists, and molecular biologists.

Nucleic Acids in Innate Immunity

Nucleic Acids in Innate Immunity
A Book

by Ken J. Ishii,Shizuo Akira

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-05-22
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9781420068269
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Until recently, innate immunity was regarded as a relatively nonspecific system designed to engulf and destroy pathogens. However, new studies show that the innate immune system is highly developed in its ability to discriminate between self and foreign entities. Understanding this mechanism can lead to therapeutic strategies based on manipulation of this previously unexploited branch of the immune system. Drawing on the research of leading experts, Nucleic Acids in Innate Immunity provides insight in this new area of immunology. The book begins by explaining the roles of nucleic acids in immunity, describing the mechanism of discrimination based on pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs), including Toll-like receptors (TLRs), Nod-like receptors (NLR), and RIG-I-like receptors (RLR). Chapters discuss how these PRRs recognize and respond to pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) by activating specific signaling pathways. The second section focuses on the therapeutic applications of immunomodulatory DNA by manipulating released pathogenic nucleic acids as immune system stimulants. The book introduces novel therapeutics developed to prevent or treat infectious diseases, allergic disorders, and cancer, as well as clearing unnecessary or abnormal host molecules. The final section addresses how the immune system discriminates self and non-self RNA. Recent findings that host (self) nucleic acids are not inert in the immune system beg the question of exactly what elements within DNA or RNA are recognized by the innate immune system. Contributions review recent advances to understand innate immune recognition of nucleic acids and describe the resulting immune modulation. Providing a comprehensive review of nucleic acid recognition and regulation by the innate immune system, this seminal work reveals new directions for future research in immune modulation.

Target Pattern Recognition in Innate Immunity

Target Pattern Recognition in Innate Immunity
A Book

by Uday Kishore

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-01-01
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9781441909015
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Target pattern recognition in innate immunity is responsible for the immediate, usually protective, responses shown against invading microorganisms, and it is the principal feature of self and non-self recognition by virtue of the recognition of structures on the microbial pathogens, which are not found on host cells. This is an area that has been very actively researched, over approximately the past 12 years, and therefore this volume provides a timely comprehensive, and up to date, summary of the types and range of cell surface, intracellular, and secreted, host proteins involved in the recognition of microbial products, and of the protective mechanisms triggered as a result of the recognition events. The Toll-like receptors, first described in Drosophila and now well-characterised on human cells, provide an excellent demonstration of the wide range of different microbial products recognised by this family of receptors and of the signalling pathways which are triggered thus leading to induction of inflammatory cytokines and the activation of genes producing antimicrobial products. In addition, several cell surface proteins involved in target pattern recognition have been described on the surfaces of macrophages (macrophage mannose receptor and macrophage scavenger receptors), and on dendritic cells (DEC205), and to be involved with the uptake and clearance of whole microorganisms and polyanioic ligands. Pattern recognition is also utilised by intracellular receptors, with NOD-like receptors in the cytosol recognizing microbial molecules and activating the production of inflammatory cytokines or pathways that induce the production of inflammatory molecules. Secreted proteins, such as the pentraxins, which includes the acute phase reacting, C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid protein (SAP), and the collectins (mannan binding lectin, lung surfactant protein A and D) and ficolins can also readily recruit killing and clearance systems. Indeed, the serum complement system, which is one of the major defence systems in the bloodstream, is efficiently activated by CR P on its binding to the phosphocholine groups of microbial phospholipids—and the subsequent interaction of the bound CR P with C1q—to give classical pathway activation, or MBL, or ficolin, binding to arrays of mannose or N-acetyl-glucosamine residues, respectively, on the surfaces of microorganisms—to give lectin pathway activation. Also, in addition to the activation and clearance events associated with complement activation by some of the secreted pattern recognition receptors, it is accepted that all these pattern recognition receptors can generally accelerate the uptake and clearance of microbes via phagocytic cells. In view of the growing interest in the cross-talk between innate and adaptive immunity, a thorough understanding of the initial recognition and triggering events, mediated via innate immune receptors, as addressed in this volume, is clearly very useful in helping to also fully understand the mechanisms of activation and control of the adaptive immune system—and to allow a full assessment of the relative roles played by innate immunity and adaptive immunity against a particular infection in higher organisms.

Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) and Innate Immunity

Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) and Innate Immunity
A Book

by Stefan Bauer,Gunther Hartmann

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-12-11
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9783540721673
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Overall recent research on TLRs has led to tremendous increase in our understanding of early steps in pathogen recognition and will presumably lead to potent TLR targeting therapeutics in the future. This book reviews and highlights our recent understanding on the function and ligands of TLRs as well as their role in autoimmunity, dendritic cell activation and target structures for therapeutic intervention.

Nucleic Acids in Innate Immunity

Nucleic Acids in Innate Immunity
A Book

by Ken J. Ishii,Shizuo Akira

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-05-22
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9781420068269
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Until recently, innate immunity was regarded as a relatively nonspecific system designed to engulf and destroy pathogens. However, new studies show that the innate immune system is highly developed in its ability to discriminate between self and foreign entities. Understanding this mechanism can lead to therapeutic strategies based on manipulation of this previously unexploited branch of the immune system. Drawing on the research of leading experts, Nucleic Acids in Innate Immunity provides insight in this new area of immunology. The book begins by explaining the roles of nucleic acids in immunity, describing the mechanism of discrimination based on pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs), including Toll-like receptors (TLRs), Nod-like receptors (NLR), and RIG-I-like receptors (RLR). Chapters discuss how these PRRs recognize and respond to pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) by activating specific signaling pathways. The second section focuses on the therapeutic applications of immunomodulatory DNA by manipulating released pathogenic nucleic acids as immune system stimulants. The book introduces novel therapeutics developed to prevent or treat infectious diseases, allergic disorders, and cancer, as well as clearing unnecessary or abnormal host molecules. The final section addresses how the immune system discriminates self and non-self RNA. Recent findings that host (self) nucleic acids are not inert in the immune system beg the question of exactly what elements within DNA or RNA are recognized by the innate immune system. Contributions review recent advances to understand innate immune recognition of nucleic acids and describe the resulting immune modulation. Providing a comprehensive review of nucleic acid recognition and regulation by the innate immune system, this seminal work reveals new directions for future research in immune modulation.

Immunobiology

Immunobiology
The Immune System in Health and Disease

by Charles Janeway,Paul Travers

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 590
  • ISBN : 9780815316916
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Immunobiology tells the story of the immune system. The book covers all of the material that comprises a typical immunology course. The Fifth Edition is an extensive revision which includes new material and major insights, improved logical progression of topics, and an emphasis on unifying principles. With clear, concise text and a full-color art program, this book continues to set the standard for a current and authoritative immunology textbook. Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.

Modulation of Host Gene Expression and Innate Immunity by Viruses

Modulation of Host Gene Expression and Innate Immunity by Viruses
A Book

by Peter Palese,Jean-Pierre Changeux

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-07-11
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1402032420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an excellent, up-to-date reference on a relatively young area of research in which virology, cellular biology and molecular pathogenesis govern the principles of coinvestigation. Thus, the book will be of great interest to virologists, molecular immunologists and biologists, and biochemists but also to clinical pharmacologists in the long-term search for new antiviral agents. Ulrich Desselberger, Gif-sur-Yvette/Cambridge. Infection of a naïve (non-immune) host with a virus elicits an immediate response which results in a cascade of changes in the host, including an interferon response (innate immunity). The outcome of this interaction is influenced by the genes of the virus as well as the genes of the host. Interestingly, different viruses do it in different ways. Not only is there a plethora of mechanisms used by the invading organisms, but the host has also evolved a great variety of redundant and robust countermeasures. This interplay of host and virus represents one of the most significant frontiers in biology today. A clearer understanding of the mechanisms involved will arm us with better strategies to deal with viruses, including emerging pathogens and potential bioterrorism agents. This book is sure to benefit students, scientists, and physicians working in the areas of virology, immunology, microbiology, and infectious diseases. Pharmaceutical industry professionals will also find interest in this illuminating look into virus/host interactions.

Innate Immunity and the Eye

Innate Immunity and the Eye
A Book

by Manfred Zierhut,Friedrich Paulsen,Jerry Y Niederkorn

  • Publisher : JP Medical Ltd
  • Release : 2013-04-30
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 9350903091
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The innate immune system comprises the cells and mechanisms that are the first line of defence against infection by other organisms. This book provides a comprehensive synopsis of eye diseases, their immunological mechanisms and the role of the immune cells and mediators. Beginning with an introduction to the role of the innate immune system, the following chapters discuss the different types of immune cells in the eye and their role in the etiopathogenesis of various diseases including glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration. Edited by Manfred Zierhut, recognised expert from the University of Tuebingen Germany, this book is presented in an easy to read format, enabling practitioners to understand even the most sophisticated eye disorders from an immunological perspective. Key points Comprehensive synopsis of the role of the innate immune system in eye diseases Covers different types of immune cells Edited by internationally recognised specialist in Germany

Innate Immunity to Pulmonary Infection

Innate Immunity to Pulmonary Infection
A Book

by Derek J. Chadwick,Jamie A. Goode

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2007-01-11
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 0470035382
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Part of the prestigious Novartis Foundation series, this volume uniquely addresses the use of innate immunity to treat or prevent infectious diseases of the lung. Innate Immunity to Pulmonary Infection: Provides a comprehensive overview of pulmonary infectious diseases, including basic pathology, current and potential therapies, and detailed consideration of the innate biological resistance mechanisms in the lung Thoroughly examines the major topic of innate immunity in immunology, which is now seen as key to the pathogenesis of and vaccination strategies for infectious diseases Describes the genetic and environmental factors which determine the outcome of infection, such as latency of Tuberculosis, blood stream invasion from local infection, and local target tissue damage Covers the roles of cells such as neutrophils, macrophages and dendritic cells and of molecular components such as Toll-like receptors Discusses the clinical applications of the new knowledge regarding innate immunity and how this can be used in both treatment and prevention (vaccination) strategies Includes contributions from an international and interdisciplinary group of experts Innate Immunity to Pulmonary Infection is an essential resource for researchers in both industry and academia. It is of interest for all those interested in the disciplines of immunology, virology, biology, biotechnology and genetics.

Innate Immunity for Better Or Worse Govern the Allograft Response

Innate Immunity for Better Or Worse Govern the Allograft Response
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract : Purpose of review: To update knowledge concerning the cause and consequences of the detrimental forms of innate immunity that inevitably occurs in peritransplant period tissue and cellular transplants. In addition, we review the information that a newly discovered, engraftment-promoting, and tolerance-inducing macrophage population is identified and characterized. Recent findings: The allograft response mounted by adaptive immune cells is shaped by innate immunity. The early allograft response is uniquely intense as a result of activation of the innate immune response created by ischemia reperfusion injury in organ transplants, delayed revascularization of cell transplants, and hypoxia. Inflammation is created by both cellular 'debris' and cytokines. However, a newly discovered prominent, albeit fragile, tissue-resident, noninvasive, and immunoregulatory macrophage promotes engraftment and tolerance. The role of intracellular 'debris' as well as inflammation in evoking detrimental rejection-provoking peritransplant inflammation is emphasized as well as characterization of a prominent and highly immunoregulatory albeit fragile macrophage population that is tissue-resident and does not circulate is characterized. Summary: Opportunity lies in the ability to rein in detrimental peri-transplant inflammation and in the ability to promote the longevity of a subpopulation of highly potent tissue-resident immunoregulatory macrophages.

Plant Innate Immunity

Plant Innate Immunity
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-09-16
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9780080888798
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant innate immunity is a collective term to describe a complex of interconnected mechanisms that plants use to withstand potential pathogens and herbivores. The last decade has seen a rapid advance in our understanding of the induction, signal transduction and expression of resistance responses to oomycetes, fungi, bacteria, viruses, nematodes and insects. This volume aims at providing an overview of these processes and mechanisms. Edited by Jean-Claude Kader and Michel Delseny and supported by an international Editorial Board, Advances in Botanical Research publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics in plant sciences. * Multidisciplinary reviews written from a broad range of scientific perspectives * For over 40 years, series has enjoyed a reputation for excellence * Contributors internationally recognized authorities in their respective fields

Current Topics in Innate Immunity

Current Topics in Innate Immunity
A Book

by John D. Lambris

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-09-07
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0387717676
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the post genomic era, understanding of the innate immune system is enriched by findings on the specificity of innate immune reactions as well as to novel functions that do not strictly correlate with immunological defense and surveillance, immune modulation or inflammation. This volume covers natural killer cells, mast cells, phagocytes, toll-like receptors, complement, host defense in plants and invertebrates, evasion strategies of microorganisms, pathophysiology, protein structures, design of therapeutics, and experimental approaches.

Innate Immunity: Resistance and Disease-Promoting Principles

Innate Immunity: Resistance and Disease-Promoting Principles
A Book

by G. Hartmann,H. Wagner

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2013-06-05
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 3318023485
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Our understanding of the complex innate immune response is increasing rapidly. Its role in the protection against viral or bacterial pathogens is essential for the survival of an organism. However, it is equally important to avoid unregulated inflammation because innate immune responses can cause or promote chronic autoinflammatory diseases such as gout, atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes or certain aspects of the metabolic syndrome. In this book leading international experts in the field of innate immunity share their findings, define the ‚state of the art‘ in this field and evaluate how insight into the molecular basis of these diseases could help in the design of new therapies. A tremendous amount of work on the innate immune response has been done over the last fifteen years, culminating in the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine awarded for the discoveries of Toll genes in immunity in flies, membrane-bound Toll-like receptors in mammals, and dendritic cells as initiators of adaptive immunity.

PAMP Signals in Plant Innate Immunity

PAMP Signals in Plant Innate Immunity
Signal Perception and Transduction

by P. Vidhyasekaran

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-10-30
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN : 9400774265
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant innate immunity is a potential surveillance system of plants and is the first line of defense against invading pathogens. The immune system is a sleeping system in unstressed healthy plants and is activated on perception of the pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMP; the pathogen’s signature) of invading pathogens. The PAMP alarm/danger signals are perceived by plant pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs). The plant immune system uses several second messengers to encode information generated by the PAMPs and deliver the information downstream of PRRs to proteins which decode/interpret signals and initiate defense gene expression. This book describes the most fascinating PAMP-PRR signaling complex and signal transduction systems. It also discusses the highly complex networks of signaling pathways involved in transmission of the signals to induce distinctly different defense-related genes to mount offence against pathogens.

Antimicrobial Peptides and Innate Immunity

Antimicrobial Peptides and Innate Immunity
A Book

by Pieter S. Hiemstra,Sebastian A. J. Zaat

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-02-01
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 3034805411
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Antimicrobial peptides have been the subject of intense research in the past decades, and are now considered as an essential part of the defense system in bacteria, plants, animals and humans. his book provides an update on these effector molecules of the innate immune system both for researchers who are already actively involved in the area, and for those with a general interest in the topic. The book starts with an overview of the evolution of cysteine-containing antimicrobial peptides (including defensins), and the role of these peptides in host defense in plants and micro-organisms. The realization that antimicrobial peptides also display functions distinct from their direct antimicrobial action is the focus of the next chapters, and puts these peptides center stage in immunity and wound repair. Further chapters discuss the role of antimicrobial peptides in disease, by providing an overview of mechanisms in bacterial resistance to antimicrobial peptides and a discussion of their role in inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis lung disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Finally, the book shows how knowledge of the function of antimicrobial peptides and their regulation can be used to design new therapies for inflammatory and infectious disorders. This is a very important area of research because of the increase in resistance of micro-organisms to conventional antibiotics. Therefore the use of synthetic or recombinant peptides, or agents that stimulate the endogenous production of antimicrobial peptides, provides an attractive alternative for conventional antibiotics.