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Insect Resistance Management

Insect Resistance Management
Biology, Economics, and Prediction

by David W. Onstad

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2007-12-05
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780080554174
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Insects, mites, and ticks have a long history of evolving resistance to pesticides, host-plant resistance, crop rotation, pathogens, and parasitoids. Insect resistance management (IRM) is the scientific approach to preventing or delaying pest evolution and its negative impacts on agriculture, public health, and veterinary issues. This book provides entomologists, pest management practitioners, developers of new technologies, and regulators with information about the many kinds of pest resistance including behavioral and phenological resistance. Abstract concepts and various case studies provide the reader with the biological and economic knowledge required to manage resistance. No other source has the breadth of coverage of this book: genomics to economics, transgenic insecticidal crops, insecticides, and other pest management tactics such as crop rotation. Dr. David W. Onstad and a team of experts illustrate how IRM becomes efficient, effective and socially acceptable when local, social and economic aspects of the system are considered. Historical lessons are highlighted with new perspectives emphasized, so that future research and management may be informed by past experience, but not constrained by it. * First book in 15 years to provide the history and explore aspects of a variety of stakeholders * Contributors include experts on ecological aspects of IRM, molecular and population genetics, economics, and IRM social issues * Biochemistry and molecular genetics of insecticides presented with an mphasis on past 15 years of research including Cry proteins in transgenic crops * Encourages scientists and stakeholders to implement and coordinate strategies based on local social conditions

Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management

Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management

by A. Rami Horowitz,Isaac Ishaaya

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-08-26
  • Pages : 339
  • ISBN : 3319318004
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers advanced concepts and creative ideas with regard to insect biorational control and insecticide resistance management. Some chapters present and summarize general strategies or tactics for managing insect pests such as the principles of IPM in various crop systems and biorational control of insect pests, advances in organic farming, alternative strategies for controlling orchard and field-crop pests. Other chapters cover alternative methods for controlling pests such as disruption of insect reproductive systems and utilization of semiochemicals and diatomaceous earth formulations, and developing bioacoustic methods for mating disruption. Another part is devoted to insecticide resistance: mechanisms and novel approaches for managing insect resistance in agriculture and in public health.

Insect Resistance Management

Insect Resistance Management
Biology, Economics, and Prediction

by David W. Onstad

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-10-08
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 0123972337
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neither pest management nor resistance management can occur with only an understanding of pest biology. For years, entomologists have understood, with their use of economic thresholds, that at least a minimal use of economics was necessary for proper integrated pest management. IRM is even more complicated and dependent on understanding and using socioeconomic factors. The new edition of Insect Resistance Management addresses these issues and much more. Many new ideas, facts and case studies have been developed since the previous edition of Insect Resistance Management published. With a new chapter focusing on Resistance Mechanisms Related to Plant-incorporated Toxins and heavily expanded revisions of several existing chapters, this new volume will be an invaluable resource for IRM researchers, practitioners, professors and advanced students. Authors in this edition include professors at major universities, leaders in the chemical and seed industry, evolutionary biologists and active IRM practitioners. This revision also contains more information about IRM outside North America, and a modeling chapter contains a large new section on uncertainty analysis, a subject recently emphasized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The final chapter contains a section on insecticidal seed treatments. No other book has the breadth of coverage of Insect Resistance Management, 2e. It not only covers molecular to economic issues, but also transgenic crops, seed treatments and other pest management tactics such as crop rotation. Major themes continuing from the first edition include the importance of using IRM in the integrated pest management paradigm, the need to study and account for pest behavior, and the influence of human behavior and decision making in IRM. Provides insights from the history of insect resistance management (IRM) to the latest science Includes contributions from experts on ecological aspects of IRM, molecular and population genetics, economics, and IRM social issues Offers biochemistry and molecular genetics of insecticides presented with an emphasis on recent research Encourages scientists and stakeholders to implement and coordinate strategies based on local social conditions

Insecticides Resistance

Insecticides Resistance

by Stanislav Trdan

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-03-02
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 9535122584
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains 20 chapters, which are divided into 5 sections. Section 1 covers different aspects of insecticide resistance of selected economically important plant insect pests, whereas section 2 includes chapters about the importance, development and insecticide resistance management in controlling malaria vectors. Section 3 is dedicated to some general questions in insecticide resistance, while the main topic of section 4 is biochemical approaches of insecticide resistance mechanisms. Section 5 covers ecologically acceptable approaches for overcoming insecticide resistance, such are the use of mycoinsecticides, and understanding the role of some plant chemical compounds, which are important in interactions between plants, their pests and biological control agents.

Exam Prep for: Insect Resistance Management

Exam Prep for: Insect Resistance Management

by N.A

  • Publisher :
  • Release :
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Insecticide Resistance

Insecticide Resistance
From Mechanisms to Management

by Ian Denholm,John A. Pickett,Alan L. Devonshire

  • Publisher : C A B International
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 123
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses these topical issues and is based on a Discussion Meeting held at the Royal Society, London, in April 1998. Contributors include scientists from leading research groups in Europe, North America, Asia and Australia. The papers have also been published as an issue of the journal Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, published by the Royal Society. Topics covered include molecular genetics, mechanisms, ecological genetics and management. There is also discussion of the genetically delivered toxicant derived from the insect pathogen Bacillus thuringiensis. The book is essential reading for agricultural, medical and veterinary entomologists concerned with pest management.

The Emergence of Insect Resistance in Bt-corn: Implication of Resistance Management Information under Uncertainty

The Emergence of Insect Resistance in Bt-corn: Implication of Resistance Management Information under Uncertainty

by Nicholas A. Linacre and Colin J. Thompson

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release :
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Management Practices for Insect Resistance in Bt Maize

Management Practices for Insect Resistance in Bt Maize

by Gleberson Guillen Piccinin

  • Publisher :
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The failure to reduce the population of a phytophagous species recognized as a key pest in a given situation usually occurs by not using the principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). The control of insect pests in agriculture has been done mainly through the application of chemical insecticides. However, chemical insecticides has lost effectiveness due to the selection of populations of resistant insects and cause adverse environmental effects. The main resistance management programs (IRM) strategy is the use of 'high dose/refuge', which involves the use of high dose of Bt protein in plants, promoting high mortality of heterozygotes associated with the planting of refuge, ie, a proportion of the crop in which it must be planted a non-Bt variety, allowing the survival of susceptible individuals. The emergence of Bt crops is an important step between the tactics available for pest control in various crops such as maize, canola, cotton and, in the near future, soybeans.

The Economics of Integrated Pest Management of Insects

The Economics of Integrated Pest Management of Insects

by David W Onstad,Philip Crain

  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 2019-09-02
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 1786393670
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book begins by establishing an economic framework upon which to apply the principles of IPM. Then, it looks at the entomological applications of economics, specifically, economic analyses concerning chemical, biological, cultural, and genetic control tactics as well as host plant resistance and the cost of sampling. Lastly it evaluates whether the control provided by a traditional IPM system is sufficient, or if changes to the system design would yield greater benefits.

Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance

Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance

by David L. Watson,Anthony William Aldridge Brown

  • Publisher :
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 638
  • ISBN :
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The cost of commercializing pesticides; Pesticide residues and their relationship to pesticide management; Pesticide safety; Role of Application techniques in respect to safe and efficient pest control; Pesticide resistance II; The impact of chlorofluorocarbons/ozone; On international view of the significance and the control of urban pests; Agricultural pests in international commerce; Pesticide applicator training and certification as a factor in the management of pesticides; An experimental pesticide monitoring program in agricultural settlements of Israel; The importance of pesticides in successful pest management programs; Coordination in the US Federal Government on pests, pesticides, and pest management; Toxicology and safety evaluation of phosvel to Egyptian water buffalo; Survey of pesticide residues and their metabolites in humans; The current status of DDT in the United States; Dermal absorption, distribution, and the fate of six pesticides in the rabbit; Insecticide residues and tainting in Cocoa; Oil-based carbaryl for control of rice insects by ultralow volume; CM-UTH 1424, a new insecticide for the control of flies and agricultural insect pests; Growth promoting hormone and analogues in the food plant of notodontidae, sphingidae, and saturniidae and the effect of postembryonic development; Fate of fenitrothion in forests trees VI. Some factors affecting rate of dissipation from balsam fir and white spruce; Determination of suitable weather conditions for forest aerial spraying; Optimizing pesticide.

Insect Pest Management

Insect Pest Management
Field and Protected Crops

by A. Rami Horowitz,Isaac Ishaaya

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-04-17
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 3662079135
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores ecologically sound and innovative techniques in insect pest management in field and protected crops. From a general overview of pest management to new biorational insecticides such as insect growth regulators, and new strategies to reduce resistance, the coverage is entirely up-to-date. Other chapters describe advances in pest management of important crops such as cotton, corn, oilseed rape and various vegetables.

Pesticides in Crop Production: Physiological and Biochemical Action

Pesticides in Crop Production: Physiological and Biochemical Action

by Prabhat Kumar Srivastava,Vijay Pratap Singh,Anita Singh,Durgesh K. Tripathi,Samiksha Singh,Sheo Mohan Prasad

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-04-06
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 1119432197
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide to the diversity of pesticides used in modern agricultural practices, and the relevant social and environmental issues Pesticides in Crop Production offers an important resource that explores pesticide action in plants; pesticide metabolism in soil microbes, plants and animals; bioaccumulation of pesticides and sensitiveness of microbiome towards pesticides. The authors explore pesticide risk assessment, the development of pesticide resistance in pests, microbial remediation of pesticide intoxicated legumes and pesticide toxicity amelioration in plants by plant hormones. The authors include information on eco-friendly pest management. They review the impact of pesticides on soil microorganism, crops and other plants along with the impact on other organisms like aquatic fauna and terrestrial animals including human beings. The book also contains an analysis of pesticide by GC-MS/MS (Gas Chromatography tandem Mass Spectrometry) a reliable method for the quantification and confirmation of multiclass pesticide residues. This important book: Offers a comprehensive guide to the use of the diversity of pesticides and the pertinent social and environmental issues Explores the impact of pesticides from morphological, anatomical, physiological and biochemical perspectives Shows how pesticides affects soil microorganisms, crops and other plants along with the impact on other organisms like aquatic fauna and animals Critically examines whether chemical pesticides are boon or bane and whether they can be replaced by environmental friendly pesticides Written for students, researchers and professionals in agriculture, botany, entomology and biotechnology, Pesticides in Crop Production examines the effects of chemical pesticides and the feasibility of using bio-pesticides.

Global Pesticide Resistance in Arthropods

Global Pesticide Resistance in Arthropods

by Mark Edward Whalon,David Mota-Sanchez,Robert M. Hollingworth

  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 169
  • ISBN : 1845933532
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pesticide resistance has had a substantial impact on crop production and has been an important driver of change in modern agriculture, animal production and human health. Due to increased selection pressure, this resistance can be linked to export/import health and phytosanitary standards, invasive species eradication projects and global pandemics. However, the development of new biological and chemical products and the use of integrated pest management strategies have been successful in reducing pesticide resistance. Focusing specifically on arthropods, this book provides a comprehensive review of relevant issues in pesticide resistance. Detailed listings and references to all documented reports of resistance from around the world are included as well as discussions on the mechanisms and evolution of resistance and management techniques.

Integration of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs

Integration of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs

by Jörg Romeis,Anthony M. Shelton,George Kennedy

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-07-01
  • Pages : 441
  • ISBN : 1402083734
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Insect pests remain one of the main constraints to food and fiber production worldwide despite farmers deploying a range of techniques to protect their crops. Modern pest control is guided by the principles of integrated pest management (IPM) with pest resistant germplasm being an important part of the foundation. Since 1996, when the first genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant maize variety was commercialized in the USA, the area planted to insect-resistant GM varieties has grown dramatically, representing the fastest adoption rate of any agricultural technology in human history. The goal of our book is to provide an overview on the role insect-resistant GM plants play in different crop systems worldwide. We hope that the book will contribute to a more rational debate about the role GM crops can play in IPM for food and fiber production.

Pest Resistance to Pesticides

Pest Resistance to Pesticides

by G. P. Georghiou

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 810
  • ISBN : 1468444662
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The development of resistance to pesticides is generally acknowledged as one of the most serious obstacles to effective pest control today. Since house flies first developed resistance to DDT in 1946, more than 428 species of arthropods, at least 91 species of plant pathogens, five species of noxious weeds and two species of nematodes were reported to have developed strains resistant to on~ or more pesticides. A seminar of U. S. and Japanese scientists was held in Palm Springs, California, during December 3-7, 1979, under the U. S. -Japan Cooperative Science Program, in order to evaluate the status of research on resistance and to discuss directions for future emphasis. A total of 32 papers were presented under three principal topics: Origins and Dynamics of Resistance (6), Mechanisms of Resistance (18), and Suppression and Management of Resistance (8). The seminar was unique in that it brought together for the first time researchers from the disciplines of entomology, plant pathology and weed science for a comprehensive discussion of this common problem. Significant advances have been identified in (a) the development of methods for detection and monitoring of resistance in arthropods (electrophoresis, diagnostic dosage tests) and plant pathogens, (b) research on biochemical and physiological mechanisms of resis tance (cytochrome p450, sensitivity of target site, gene regulation), (c) the identification and quantification of biotic, genetic and operational factors influencing the evolution of resistance, and (d) the exploration of pest management approaches incorporating resis tance-delaying measures.

Insect Resistant Maize for Africa, Annual Report 2000

Insect Resistant Maize for Africa, Annual Report 2000

by International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center,Kenya Agricultural Research Institute

  • Publisher : CIMMYT
  • Release : 2014-07-01
  • Pages : 108
  • ISBN : 970648082X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management

by A.K. Dhawan,Balwinder Singh,M.B. Bhullar,Ramesh Arora

  • Publisher : Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2013-06-01
  • Pages : 749
  • ISBN : 9386237784
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book, consists of 31 chapters, will be useful to scientists working in the field of entomology. Chapters 1-10 present comprehensive review of concept and implementation and future need of pest management, impact of climate on pest population, insect invasion, pollinators, pesticide use, bar coding as tool to understand diversity and pesticide formulation and safety to environment. The next 5 chapters present comprehensive information on host plant resistance, soil solarization, neem and behaviour modify chemicals as component of pest management. Chapters 16-26 present the management strategies on crops like sugarcane, rice, sorghum, tobacco, fruits, vegetables crops and stored grain pests and strategies for management of mites which are emerging pests of agricultural crops. In the last 5 chapters presents the strategies for transmission of technology and its impact and the role of electronic media on dissemination of technology. The book contains comprehensive information in recent trends in various aspects of pest management complied by scientist working in specialized areas of pest management. The book will be useful to students, teachers, researchers and policy planners associated with pest management.

Towards Malaria Elimination

Towards Malaria Elimination
A Leap Forward

by Sylvie Manguin,Vas Dev

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-07-18
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 1789235502
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Towards Malaria Elimination - A Leap Forward was started to mark the occasion for renewed commitment to end malaria transmission for good (the WHO's call for "Malaria Free World" by 2030). This book is dedicated for the benefit of researchers, scientists, program and policy managers, students and anyone interested in malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases with the goal of sharing recent information on success stories, innovative control approaches and challenges in different regions of the world. Some main issues that emerged included multidrug-resistant malaria and pandemic risk, vaccines, cross-border malaria, asymptomatic parasite reservoir, the threat of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium knowlesi, insecticide resistance in Anopheles vectors and outdoor malaria transmission. This book is one little step forward to bring together in 17 chapters the experiences of malaria-expert researchers from five continents to present updated information on disease epidemiology and control at the national/regional level, highlighting the constraints, challenges, accomplishments and prospects of malaria elimination.

Bt Resistance

Bt Resistance
Characterization and Strategies for GM Crops Producing Bacillus thuringiensis Toxins

by Mario Soberon,Yulin Gao,Alejandra Bravo

  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 2015-04-24
  • Pages : 225
  • ISBN : 178064437X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) bacteria use Cry proteins to kill their insect larval hosts. The expression of certain Cry toxins in transgenic crops has been widely used to achieve efficient control of insect pests. This book describes the use of Bt crops and the emerging problem of resistance, recent progress in understanding the mechanism of action of Bt toxins, different resistance mechanisms and strategies to cope with resistance in the field. It describes resistant insects found in the field in different countries, particularly in the developing world, and ways to counter resistance such as gene stalking, refuges, modified toxins and gene discovery of novel toxins with different mode of action.

Insect Resistant Maize

Insect Resistant Maize
Recent Advances and Utilization ; Proceedings of an International Symposium Held at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), 27 November-3 December, 1994

by N.A

  • Publisher : CIMMYT
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 9789686923797
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanisms and bases of resistance; The genetics of resistance; Biotechnological manipulation of resistance; Advances in techniques, rearing, rating bioassays, mechanism detection; Resistance verification and utilization; Country reports.