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Intercultural Competence for College and University Students

Intercultural Competence for College and University Students
A Global Guide for Employability and Social Change

by Caprice Lantz-Deaton,Irina Golubeva

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-10-19
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 3030574466
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This practical guide is a must read for students interested in developing the attitudes, knowledge, skills, and values that foster positive relationships with people from diverse cultures both within and outside of the workplace. It contains real-life examples from students drawn from the authors’ work across different countries. In an age of growing diversity and increasing global mobility, living and working with people from different cultural backgrounds is becoming the norm. To address this complex topic, the authors invite students to consider key questions such as: How do our cultural backgrounds influence our behavior towards others? What is intercultural competence and how can it help students to get along in work and life? How can institutions help students to develop intercultural competence? What does it have to do with topics like prejudice, discrimination, and racism? How can intercultural competence facilitate social change and help students to succeed in their careers? Written for students in any country and studying in any discipline, this book includes practical activities designed to help students to develop intercultural competence throughout their time at college or university. It is useful for students as an autonomous learning source, or as a resource for taught courses. Drawing on a comprehensive and rigorous knowledge of the field, the authors have written a thought-provoking analysis and a practical guide to understanding and enacting Intercultural Competence. I learnt from and admire their ambitious vision of the significance of intercultural competence for society and for the lives and careers of their readers.— Michael Byram, author of Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence, Durham University, UK This is a wonderfully readable book, which carefully and clearly explains the concept of intercultural competence, exploring its implications for addressing many of the most crucial issues facing the world today. Based on impeccable scholarship, and containing a wealth of practical activities, this book is highly recommended for students and interested laypeople alike.— Martyn Barrett, University of Surrey, UK An exceptionally user-friendly and theory-informed guidebook that would not only benefit university students but anyone with an interest in intercultural communication. The book is second to none in terms of clarity of presentation and coverage of concepts, models and practical ideas relevant to intercultural competence for the contemporary society. —Anwei Feng, University of Nottingham Ningbo, China An essential handbook and excellent addition to conventional textbooks. Nuanced and down-to-earth explanations about intercultural communication which are accessible to everyone. Insightful explanations for educators and students alike. Easy to use self-study guide with thought-provoking exercises. This book has been long needed and has come at just the right time. --Ivett Guntersdorfer, Founder and Director of the Intercultural Communication Certificate Program, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany

Intercultural Competence in Education

Intercultural Competence in Education
Alternative Approaches for Different Times

by Fred Dervin,Zehavit Gross

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-09-29
  • Pages : 261
  • ISBN : 1137587334
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the concept of intercultural competence, focusing specifically on education. Intercultural competence can vary depending on the field of research or the context of application and has therefore developed over recent decades. As the world becomes increasingly global intercultural competence has become even more important but it is still not practiced satisfactorily. This book highlights views which are at odds with official and orthodox positions on intercultural competence to encourage fresh approaches to intercultural competence. It will be invaluable for researchers, practitioners and students interested in the global possibilities of education.

The SAGE Handbook of Intercultural Competence

The SAGE Handbook of Intercultural Competence
A Book

by Darla K. Deardorff

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2009-08-31
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN : 1412960452
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bringing together leading experts and scholars from around the world, this Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the latest theories and research on intercultural competence. It will be a useful and invaluable resource to administrators, faculty, researchers, and students.

Developing Intercultural Competence in Practice

Developing Intercultural Competence in Practice
A Book

by Michael Byram,Adam Nichols,David Stevens

  • Publisher : Multilingual Matters
  • Release : 2001-01-01
  • Pages : 283
  • ISBN : 9781853595363
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It is now widely recognised that learning a language should not just involve linguistic competence but also intercultural competence. It is also clear that intercultural competence can be developed through related subjects such as geography, history, mother tongue teaching. This book takes this as a given and provides practical help for teachers who wish to help their learners acquire intercultural competence in the ordinary classroom. It contains descriptions of lessons and materials from a wide range of classrooms in several countries and for beginners to advanced learners.

Intercultural Competence in Instructed Language Learning

Intercultural Competence in Instructed Language Learning
Bridging Theory and Practice

by Paula GarrettRucks

  • Publisher : IAP
  • Release : 2016-03-01
  • Pages : 179
  • ISBN : 168123419X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is pressure on world language educators to prepare learners with 21st century skills to meet the challenges of an increasingly interconnected globalized world. The need for change was summarized in the 2007 report of the MLA Ad Hoc Committee on Foreign Languages that suggested the implementation of curricular reform by developing students’ “translingual and transcultural competence” (p. 3) which allows someone “to operate between languages” (p.237). However, the integration of such a meaningful cultural component in instructed language learning is a complex topic. This book recognizes the difficulty world language educators face to achieve the goals of the MLA report, particularly at beginning levels of instruction in target language use classrooms. Accordingly, this book informs instructed language learning and teaching by bridging developmental theories from the fields of intercultural competence with second language pedagogies—particularly communicative language teaching (CLT) and literacybased approaches—providing examples of practical applications inside the classroom and beyond. It is intended to support the many FL educators who have consistently reported that they are struggling to incorporate meaningful cultural instruction into their practice (Fox & DiazGreenberg 2006; Phillips & Abbott, 2011; Sercu, 2005). This book provides a framework to foster learners’ deep cultural reflection at beginning levels of instruction while preserving target language use policies, bridging CLT pedagogies to intercultural communicative competence (ICC) literacybased approaches. It starts by synthesizing prominent definitions of culture and culture learning models and then summarizes disparate sources of research findings on culture learning projects (which primarily take place at advanced levels of language learning) to the Standardsbased classroom at all levels of instruction, K16. Although research on fostering learners’ intercultural competence at beginning levels of language instruction is in its infancy, it is of utmost concern given that the vast majority of U.S. language learners rarely continue to advanced levels of instruction (ZimmerLowe, 2008). In addition, this book challenges FL educators to advocate for their FL programs and to give greater visibility and credibility to the profession in institutional internationalization efforts. The theoretical components of this book deconstruct the connections between language, thought and culture and problematize developmental models in the IC field that neglect to consider the important role of language. This book provides K16 FL educators with the discourse needed to 1) explain to administrators, parents and students how world language study prepares learners to compete in an increasingly global market beyond the learner’s development of linguistic proficiency and 2) convince administrators of the value in and the need for world language study in order to support institutional internationalization efforts. The last chapter of this book provides guidance and suggestions on ways to expand K12 teacher preparation programs and continuing education training to foster learners’ intercultural communicative competence while preserving a Standardsbased curriculum. In sum, this book is intended to 1) support all K16 world language educators with their program advocacy and instruction; 2) serve as a reference manual or course book in teacher preparation programs; 3) serve as a reference manual or course book for research and graduate courses on the teaching and learning of languages.

Enhancing intercultural competence in police organizations

Enhancing intercultural competence in police organizations
A Book

by Wolf Rainer Leenen

  • Publisher : Waxmann Verlag
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9783830962038
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Police practice urgently requires to be changed to meet the needs of a modern multicultural society, and to open up to the perspective of diversity. This book provides an overview about the state of key issues in intercultural police research, and challenges much of the accepted thinking on this controversial topic.

Cross-Cultural Business Communication

Cross-Cultural Business Communication
Intercultural competence as a universal interculture

by Sven Rosenhauer

  • Publisher : diplom.de
  • Release : 2008-12-01
  • Pages : 191
  • ISBN : 3836623137
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: The transfer of business activities across nations is growing at a rapid rate. The emergence of market economies in Latin America and Asia, the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, and the emerging democracy in Africa have led, among other things, not only to increased global trade, international, multinational and transnational business, but also to an increased demand for international workforce since firms must employ people who possess international business skills in order to remain competitive in the global marketplace. How often does it happen that we meet someone doing business in the United States after representing his/her company in Asia, Middle East or Europe? How often do we meet someone obtaining an international degree abroad before doing business in China, France or Scandinavia? How often do companies require international experiences, mobility, and flexibility? The soft skills of intercultural competence and open-mindedness to cultural diversity are taught by universities around the world. But what happens with our own cultural identity while doing business worldwide? What happens if we conduct business in Japan but with an Italian colleague who lived in São Paulo for many years? Are we just applying intercultural competence or are we developing a universal business culture - apart from our own national culture? How does an international workforce communicate; is it adapting the communication style of the host-country, of a majority culture; or is it developing a communication style which is unique in international business? Are we speaking the same language at the end? Is the understanding of cultural diversity becoming less substantial and more implicit? If companies and organizations require the indispensable and vague defined soft skills of intercultural competence, could these skills be seen as an approach towards a universal business culture, likewise a universal business communication? Purpose of the Present Thesis: The purpose of the present thesis is to examine if and to which extent cultures converge in an international business environment and if intercultural competence has a bearing on it. Therefore, theoretical and practical insights in the subject of culture, its implicit and explicit differences, as well as its measurements will be provided. Due to the fact that communication - as a major cultural attribute - is the most obvious level on which cultural [...]

Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence

Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence
A Book

by Michael Byram

  • Publisher : Multilingual Matters
  • Release : 1997-01-01
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN : 9781853593772
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Foreign and second language teaching should prepare learners to use a language with fluency and accuracy, and also to speak with people who have different cultural identities, social values and behaviours. This text aims to define precisely what competencies are required, how these can be included in teachers' objectives and methods, and how the ability to communicate across cultural differences can be assessed.

Intercultural Competence in Higher Education

Intercultural Competence in Higher Education
International Approaches, Assessment and Application

by Darla K. Deardorff,Lily A. Arasaratnam-Smith

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-07-20
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 1315529238
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Intercultural Competence in Higher Education features the work of scholars and international education practitioners in understanding the learning outcomes of internationalization, moving beyond rhetoric to concrete practice around the world. Devoted exclusively to exploring the central learning outcomes of internationalization efforts, this edited volume contains a refreshing combination of chapters and case studies from interdisciplinary and cross-cultural contributors, including: cutting-edge issues within intercultural competence development, such as intersectionality, mapping intercultural competence, and assessment; the role of higher education in developing intercultural competence for peacebuilding in the aftermath of violent conflict; facilitating intercultural competence through international student internships; interdisciplinary and cross-cultural contributions from over 19 countries including Japan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, and Vietnam; the latest research and thinking on global, intercultural, and international learning outcomes, with a unique emphasis on newer voices. Intercultural competence has become an essential element in international as well as domestic education. This text provides the latest thinking and research within the context of internationalization, presents practical case studies on how to integrate this into the preparation of global-ready students and will be of interest to postgraduate students, international education administrators, and practitioners, as well as scholars and researchers in a variety of disciplines who have an interest in intercultural and global competence.

Intercultural Competence in Organizations

Intercultural Competence in Organizations
A Guide for Leaders, Educators and Team Players

by Alex Matveev

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-11-18
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 3319457012
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses one of the most critical issues facing global business leaders and the multicultural workforce – how to work and relate effectively in the intercultural contexts. The author presents business professionals, practitioners and academics with the Collaborative Intercultural Competence Model. Based on solid theoretical assumptions and real intercultural experiences, this model is to help professionals work more effectively across and within cultures. This book expands the traditional presentation of existing knowledge by providing a unified discussion of intercultural communication and its conceptual foundations. The book offers readers with a contemporary insight into the intercultural competence phenomenon and highlights the basis for its experience-based inquiry, assessment and development. A distinctive feature of Intercultural Competence in Organizations is its comprehensive coverage of the intercultural competence framework from both communication and organizational behavior perspectives. This book does not cover traditional areas of international business, international management, global management strategy and policy and cross-cultural comparative management, but focuses on theoretical foundations of intercultural competence and intercultural competence research and practice. The author describes the complex nature of intercultural competence in a straightforward format which helps professionals, practitioners and students to envision a variety of intercultural situations in which they may behave competently. Thus, the conceptual acumen of this title is to understand the premises of intercultural competence, embrace its theoretical assumptions, see its practical applicability, and advance individual intercultural competence. Featuring examples and skill development exercises, this book will be appealing to professionals, practitioners, students, academics and policy makers in the field of international business, management and communication. “Dr. Matveev challenges his readers to develop their intercultural competence so as to make themselves more effective, more humane and more socially skilled in a world that increasingly involves extensive contact across various groups of people.” --from the Foreword by Richard W. Brislin, University of Hawaii “Dr. Matveev creates an awareness of intercultural competence by exposing the reader to the theoretical concepts and practical tools. Business people and academics will use this book to recognize and leverage the benefits of cultural diversity.” --Berthold Mukuahima, Director of Human Capital, Ohlthaver & List Group, Namibia “Dr. Matveev reveals how intercultural competence of professional multicultural teams helps in achieving corporate competitive advantage and longevity in a challenging globalized world. This book is very useful for managers, scholars and students who want to elevate the efficacy of intercultural relationship in their professional and personal lives.” --Srečko Čebron, Management Board Member, Sava Reinsurance Company, Slovenia /div

Teaching Intercultural Competence in Secondary Schools

Teaching Intercultural Competence in Secondary Schools
A Book

by Eleni Stefanidou

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2013-08
  • Pages : 24
  • ISBN : 3640459547
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, grade: 2,0, University of Wuppertal (Anglistik/Amerikanistik), course: Cultural Studies on a Shoestring, 24 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Due to its importance in foreign language learning in German schools the subject of English carries the main responsibility to develop the students' competence for intercultural communication (cf. Gobel/Hesse). Accordingly, the KMK classifies intercultural learning as a key element of English language teaching and includes intercultural competence in the educational standards for grades 9 and 10 (cf. KMK 2003 & KMK 2004). Intercultural competence is described as contextual socio-cultural knowledge, the ability to deal with cultural difference sympathetically and the ability to master situations of intercultural contact (cf. KMK 2003: 8; cf. KMK 2004: 8). Including the cognitive and the affective level as well as the level of action alike, this description reflects the complexity of intercultural competence. The affective as well as the level of action are of particular importance if the teaching of culture is to be more than the teaching of facts as it was practised by the Landeskunde approach (cf. Nunning/Nunning). New approaches for an action- and product-oriented teaching of English are supported by empirical studies about intercultural sensitivity, which stress the relevance of emotions in situations of intercultural contact (cf. Gobel/Hesse). However, an analysis of the curricula of the German states shows that the main focus is on objectives of the cognitive dimension whereas learning aims of the affective level and the level of action are included less often (cf. ibid.). Moreover, many curricula lack information about which contents to use for teaching general aims like empathy, overcoming ethnocentrism and respect for cultural differences (cf. ibid.). Hence, the curricula are not sufficient for arr

Intercultural Communication Competence

Intercultural Communication Competence
Conceptualization and its Development in Cultural Contexts and Interactions

by Xiaodong Dai,Guo-Ming Chen

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2014-05-02
  • Pages : 395
  • ISBN : 1443859958
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Intercultural communication competence is an indispensable ability for people to interact appropriately and effectively across nations and regions in the globalized world. Competent intercultural communication enables people to reach mutual understanding as well as reciprocal relationships. In recent decades, considerable progress has been made in the research of intercultural communication competence. However, due to its complexity, many problems remain unanswered and need to be addressed. This book seeks to conceptualize intercultural communication competence from diverse perspectives, explore its re-conceptualization in globalization, and investigate its development in cultural contexts and interaction scenarios. A group of leading international scholars in different academic disciplines join to map out a comprehensive picture, providing an in-depth and up-to-date work on intercultural communication competence. The book adopts an interdisciplinary approach and enhances readers’ understanding on the concept of intercultural communication competence. It is a useful source for educators, researchers, students and professionals.

Intercultural Competence

Intercultural Competence
Interpersonal Communication Across Cultures

by Myron W. Lustig,Jolene Koester

  • Publisher : Addison Wesley Longman
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 399
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Striking a unique balance between skills and theory, Intercultural Competence provides readers with the background and confidence to succeed in today's multi-cultural environment. Blending both the practical and the theoretical, the concrete and the abstract, this book is both enjoyable to read and thoroughly researched. By clearly explaining different theories and the significance of cultural patterns and having readers practice what they learn via examples in the book, Intercultural Competence better prepares readers to interact in intercultural relationships. The book also provides a discussion of important ethical and social issues relating to intercultural communication. The authors cover American multiculturalism as well as global cultural issues. For anyone interested in intercultural communication.

Intercultural Competence

Intercultural Competence
Interpersonal Communication Across Cultures

by Myron W. Lustig,Jolene Koester,Rona Halualani

  • Publisher : Pearson
  • Release : 2017-07-25
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0134003217
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For courses in Intercultural Communication Fosters the proficiency in intercultural communication vital for students to thrive in private and public life Intercultural Competence: Interpersonal Communication Across Cultures, Eighth Edition gives students sufficient knowledge, appropriate motivations, and useful skills that enable them to experience how cultural differences can affect communication with others. The authors offer some practical suggestions concerning the adjustments necessary to achieve intercultural competence when dealing with these cultural differences. Upon completing this text, students will be able to appreciate the impact of cultural patterns on intercultural communication; use both practical and theoretical ideas to understand intercultural communication competence; understand some of the central contexts in which intercultural communication occurs; and discuss cultural identity and the role of cultural biases. NOTE: This ISBN is for a Pearson Books a la Carte edition: a convenient, three-hole-punched, loose-leaf text. In addition to the flexibility offered by this format, Books a la Carte editions offer students great value, as they cost significantly less than a bound textbook. Intercultural Competence: Interpersonal Communication Across Cultures, Eighth Edition is also available via Revel™, an interactive learning environment that enables students to read, practice, and study in one continuous experience.

Intercultural competence: general or specific?

Intercultural competence: general or specific?
Can the concept of cohesion also be seen as a specific-orientated approach of intercultural competence?

by Micha Schlittenhardt

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2014-02-10
  • Pages : 4
  • ISBN : 3656591520
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Communications - Intercultural Communication, grade: 2,3, Karlshochschule International University, course: Intercultural Communicative Competence, language: English, abstract: The debate on the concept of Intercultural Competence became a wide field of interest in recent years which could be especially seen on the discourse in the German-speaking world (Cf. Bolton, 2006; Rathje 2007). Furthermore, it gained importance in society due to the development towards an intercultural society in Germany and the question for integration (Cf. Seifert 2012). Business sector and governments are therefore in search for Intercultural Competence in order to counter these issues (ibid.).

The Importance of Intercultural Competence in Modern Times

The Importance of Intercultural Competence in Modern Times
On the Situation in Western Countries

by Jan Wenzel

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2019-03-14
  • Pages : 21
  • ISBN : 3668898553
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seminar paper from the year 2019 in the subject Communications - Intercultural Communication, grade: 2.0, Fresenius University of Applied Sciences Hamburg, language: English, abstract: The present work analyzes the importance of intercultural competence in modern times with a special focus on Germany. In my term paper I want to give a definition of what is intercultural competence and culture and show the constituent elements of intercultural competence. In the further course I want to examine Hofstede's six dimensions of intercultural competence on the example of Germany and show, why this model can partly explain the success of the German economy. Finally, I want to go into the criticism of Hofstede's dimensions and the problem that there is no global understanding of intercultural competence. In the end I consider the results of my term paper. All over the world, even in Europe, there is an increasing awareness of the potential for conflicts and opportunities. They are perceptible in many different parts of life, for example in the society, in professional business or in private life. The process of pluralization which has its origin in the internationalization is a continuous increasing process of the 21st century. Because of that the religious, ethnic and cultural heterogeneity of the society will rise and the cohabitation of people from all over the world will increase too. In this context, the ability to deal constructively on an interpersonal level with cultural diversity and many attitudes, such as norms, values and ways of life, is getting more important every day. It ́s necessary to mention that the ability to interact with different cultures cannot avoid conflicts between groups and individuals entirely, but, when they are inevitable, this social ability allows individuals to deal better with conflicts. The results of Hofstede's study about culture can help leaders to understand their own cultural alignment and preferences. There are differences in every society about what they want from each other or their leaders and these findings can help to improve the style of every individual to be more effective in different cultural situations. In general, information about the culture or leadership of other nations or people can be used to improve global team effectiveness and a stress-free working atmosphere.

Building Cultural Competence

Building Cultural Competence
Innovative Activities and Models

by Kate Berardo,Darla K. Deardorff

  • Publisher : Stylus Publishing, LLC.
  • Release : 2012-06-01
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 1579228046
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The development of cultural competence is becoming ever more important in our rapidly changing—and digitally expanding—world, not only in the intercultural field, but also in a variety of areas including business and higher education.

Building Cultural Competence brings together a collection of ready-to-use tools and activities to help build cultural competence—from the basics of understanding core concepts of culture to the complex work of negotiating identity and resolving cultural differences. Featuring fresh activities and tools from experienced coaches, trainers, and facilitators around the globe, this collection of over 50 easy-to-use activities and models has been used effectively in countries world wide in settings that range from Fortune 500 corporations to the World Bank, non-profits, and universities.

Learn updates on classic models like the DIE (Description, Interpretation, Evaluation) framework and the U-Curve model of adjustment. Engage in new exercises to help build intercultural competence and see practical, step-by-step instructions on how to effectively facilitate these activities. Stay relevant and have positive impact with clients, organisations, and students with these well organised, easy-to-implement, and high impact collection of frameworks, models and activities. For those who need to build cultural competence in others, this is a must-have book.

The Influence of EFL Teachers' Understanding of Intercultural Competence on Their Self-reported Pedagogical Practices in Higher Education Institutes of Technology in Taiwan

The Influence of EFL Teachers' Understanding of Intercultural Competence on Their Self-reported Pedagogical Practices in Higher Education Institutes of Technology in Taiwan
A Book

by Ching-Mei Cheng

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Language as Part of Intercultural Competence. Modern Languages and their Importance

Language as Part of Intercultural Competence. Modern Languages and their Importance
A Book

by Markus Giesecke

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2017-04-11
  • Pages : 28
  • ISBN : 3668432139
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2016 in the subject Communications - Intercultural Communication, grade: 2,3, University of applied Sciences Regensburg, course: Language and Intercultural Competence, language: English, abstract: Language, or communication, in a broader sense, is just a part of culture but a very important one because a shared language allows members of different cultures to express themselves and communicate with each other. Just as norms, expectations and behaviour, language vary across cultures, and it can change and evolve in the course of time for several reasons, e.g. new needs of the speakers of a language, technological progress, new products, just to mention a few. The origins of human language have been discussed as a topic for centuries and there is no consensus as to when it really began. Noam Chomsky, an American linguist and often referred to as the "father of modern linguistics", states that it has been an evolutionary process that still goes on today because he speaks of a so-called Language Faculty as a special component of the human brain which is specifically dedicated to language and required for language acquisition. Michael Corballis, emeritus professor at the Department of Psychology at the University of Auckland, is challenging Chomsky's theory as he argues in his book "The Truth about Language" that gesture was crucial to the development of speech instead of a single mutation in a single human. He states that we share that ability with other animals and his idea is supported by investigations of sign languages developed by deaf children who start to babble with their hands just as hearing children do with their mouths. Languages are constantly changing and this makes it difficult to count the exact number of living languages existing in the world today. Another problem could be the definition of a language because there is a difference between a language and a dialect, or between a language and a macrolanguage. For that reason, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has set international standards toward comprehensive coverage of languages and language groups in the ISO 639 series. The language codes are used in the Ethnologue, a catalog of living languages published by SIL International, which is the registration authority for ISO 639-3. According to Ethnologue (19th edition), there are 7,097 living languages in the world.

Intercultural Horizons

Intercultural Horizons
Best Practices in Intercultural Competence Development

by Eliza J. Nash,Nevin C. Brown,Lavinia Bracci

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2013-10-28
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 1443853682
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume features a collection of papers from the first annual Intercultural Horizons conference held in May 2011 in Siena, Italy. The 2011 conference was entitled “Best Practices in Intercultural Competence Development” and featured speakers and participants from over 15 countries, including leaders in the field such as Janet Bennett of the Intercultural Communication Institute, Alvino Fantini of the School for International Training, Andrew Furco of the University of Minnesota, and Carol Ma of the Center for Service-Learning at Lingnan University, Hong Kong. The authors of these papers provide perspectives on intercultural communication and related issues from viewpoints as varied as the traditional researcher, the teacher in fields as diverse as second-language acquisition, music and the culinary arts, and the administrator of a specific program or at the senior level of a college or university. Together they form a representative sample of the themes discussed during the 2011 conference. The editors consider this first meeting to be the dawn, so to speak, of Intercultural Horizons, which aspires to become a respected venue for scholars and practitioners to exchange ideas, techniques and pedagogies on intercultural communication in years to come.