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Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Electrolytes, Electrodes and Interconnects

by Gurbinder Kaur

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-21
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 0128174463
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Electrolytes, Electrodes and Interconnects introduces the fundamental principles of intermediate solid oxide fuel cells technology. It provides the reader with a broad understanding and practical knowledge of the electrodes, pyrochlore/perovskite/oxide electrolytes and interconnects which form the backbone of the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) unit. Opening with an introduction to the thermodynamics, physiochemical and electrochemical behavior of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), the book also discusses specific materials, including low temperature brownmillerites and aurivillius electrolytes, as well as pyrochlore interconnects. This book analyzes the basic concepts, providing cutting-edge information for both researchers and students. It is a complete reference for Intermediate Solid Oxide Fuel Cells technology that will be a vital resource for those working in materials science, fuel cells and solid state chemistry. Provides a single source of information on glass, electrolytes, interconnects, vanadates, pyrochlores and perovskite SOFC Includes illustrations that provide a clear visual explanation of concepts being discussed Progresses from a discussion of basic concepts that will enable readers to easily comprehend the subject matter

Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Materials and Applications

by Zongping Shao,Moses O. Tadé

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-09-12
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 366252936X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses recent advances in intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs), focusing on material development and design, mechanism study, reaction kinetics and practical applications. It consists of five chapters presenting different types of reactions and materials employed in electrolytes, cathodes, anodes, interconnects and sealants for IT-SOFCs. It also includes two chapters highlighting new aspects of these solid oxide fuel cells and exploring their practical applications. This insightful and useful book appeals to a wide readership in various fields, including solid oxide fuel cells, electrochemistry, membranes and ceramics. Zongping Shao is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering and the College of Energy, Nanjing University of Technology, China. Moses O. Tade is a Professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Australia.

Modelling and Simulation of Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Their Integration in Hybrid Gas Turbine Plants

Modelling and Simulation of Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Their Integration in Hybrid Gas Turbine Plants
A Book

by Osarobo Omorogieva Ighodaro

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modelling of Perovskite-based Materials for Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes

Modelling of Perovskite-based Materials for Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes
A Book

by Ailbhe Gavin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrical and Thermal Analysis of an Intermediate Temperature IIR‐SOFC System Fed by Biogas

Electrical and Thermal Analysis of an Intermediate Temperature IIR‐SOFC System Fed by Biogas
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: An Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (IT‐SOFC) system fed by not conventional fuels such as biogas can produce electric energy with high conversion efficiency and thermal energy. Inside the energy system, the methane in the biogas is mixed with steam, and then it is converted into carbon monoxide, hydrogen and carbon dioxide through steam reforming and water gas shift chemical reactions in an indirect internal reformer (IIR) mostly and in the SOFC anode minimally. The chemical energy of the electro‐oxidation of hydrogen and carbon monoxide produced is directly converted into electric energy in the fuel cell anode. A part of the anode exhaust gas can be recirculated at the IIR inlet and the percentage of this recirculated anode exhaust gas together to the fuel utilization factor influence the performances (electric and thermal powers and efficiencies, primary energy saving and first law efficiency) of the SOFC system in a cogenerative arrangement. Through the simulation model of an IT‐SOFC system fed by biogas in cogenerative arrangement, which was formulated ad hoc and implemented in a Matlab environment, the influence of the above‐mentioned variables on the IT‐SOFC system performances was evaluated. The verification of carbon formation at the anode was made. Abstract : Intermediate Temperature IIR‐Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (IT IIR‐SOFC) fed by biogas is modeled. IT IIR‐SOFC system fed by biogas in cogenerative arrangement is analyzed. Biogas conversion to H2 is in Indirect Internal Reformer mostly and in anode minimally.

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
A Book

by Tatsumi Ishihara

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-06-12
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 9780387777085
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fuel cell technology is quite promising for conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity without forming air pollutants. There are several types of fuel cells: polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), and alkaline fuel cell (AFC). Among these, SOFCs are the most efficient and have various advantages such as flexibility in fuel, high reliability, simple balance of plant (BOP), and a long history. Therefore, SOFC technology is attracting much attention as a power plant and is now close to marketing as a combined heat and power generation system. From the beginning of SOFC development, many perovskite oxides have been used for SOFC components; for example, LaMnO -based oxide for the cathode and 3 LaCrO for the interconnect are the most well known materials for SOFCs. The 3 current SOFCs operate at temperatures higher than 1073 K. However, lowering the operating temperature of SOFCs is an important goal for further SOFC development. Reliability, durability, and stability of the SOFCs could be greatly improved by decreasing their operating temperature. In addition, a lower operating temperature is also beneficial for shortening the startup time and decreasing energy loss from heat radiation. For this purpose, faster oxide ion conductors are required to replace the conventional Y O -stabilized ZrO 2 3 2 electrolyte. A new class of electrolytes such as LaGaO is considered to be 3 highly useful for intermediate-temperature SOFCs.

Functional Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Processing, Microstructure and Performance

Functional Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Processing, Microstructure and Performance
A Book

by Moisés Rómolos Cesário, Daniel Araújo de Macedo

  • Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
  • Release : 2017-04-19
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 1681084317
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Frontiers in Ceramic Science highlights the importance of ceramics and their applications in different fields such as manufacturing, construction, engineering, energy and much more. Each volume of the series brings a themed focus on a specific topic with contributions from experts around the world. The series is essential reading for materials science researchers interested in current developments in ceramic manufacturing and applications. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) have received great attention among researchers in the past few decades due to their high electrochemical energy conversion efficiency, environmental friendliness, fuel flexibility and wide range of applications. This volume is a contribution from renowned researchers in the scientific community interested in functional materials for SOFCs. Chapters in this volume emphasize the processing, microstructure and performance of electrolyte and electrode materials. Contributors review the main chemical and physical routes used to prepare ceramic/composite materials, and explain a variety of manufacturing techniques for electrode and electrolyte production and characterization. Readers will also find information about both symmetrical and single fuel cells. The book is a useful reference for students and professionals involved in SOFC research and development.

Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research

Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructured Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrodes

Nanostructured Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrodes
A Book

by Tal Zvi Sholklapper

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aerogel and xerogel synthesis of solid oxide fuel cell materials by an epoxide assisted sol-gel method

Aerogel and xerogel synthesis of solid oxide fuel cell materials by an epoxide assisted sol-gel method
A Book

by Christopher N. Chervin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrical & Electronics Abstracts

Electrical & Electronics Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Progress in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Progress in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
A Book

by American Ceramic Society

  • Publisher : Wiley-American Ceramic Society
  • Release : 2006-06-30
  • Pages : 531
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This work provides a collection of current research papers including valuable insights on materials-related aspects of solid-oxide fuel cells current status, processing and fabrication, various electrolytes, anodes, and cathodes, ceramic/metal interconnects, seal materials, mechanical properties, characterization, modeling, fuel reforming, component materials, materials processing, performance, stability, and more.

30th Fuel Cell Seminar

30th Fuel Cell Seminar
A Book

by M. C. Williams

  • Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
  • Release : 2007-01-01
  • Pages : 860
  • ISBN : 1566775493
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This issue of the 2006 Fuel Cell Seminar, held in Honolulu, Hawaii in 2006, marks the 30th Anniversary of the seminar, and contains papers dealing with stationary fuel cell systems, technology development, demonstration, and commercialization of fuel cells. Major topic of discussions throughout the three oral sessions and poster sessions were stationary fuel cell systems, hydrogen systems, and their efficient use as backup systems. Their use as alternative energies and portable fuel cells were also discussed.

Institute of Energy's Second International Conference on Ceramics in Energy Applications

Institute of Energy's Second International Conference on Ceramics in Energy Applications
proceedings of the Institute of Energy conference held in London, UK. on 20-21 April 1994

by Institute of Energy (Great Britain)

  • Publisher : Institute of Energy
  • Release : 1994-01
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Journal of the Electrochemical Society

Journal of the Electrochemical Society
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Annual Report of the Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University

Annual Report of the Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University
A Book

by Kyūshū Daigaku. Kōgaku Kenkyūin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solid-State Ionics - 2008: Volume 1126

Solid-State Ionics - 2008: Volume 1126
A Book

by Enrico Traversa,Timothy R. Armstrong,Koichi Eguchi

  • Publisher : Materials Research Society
  • Release : 2009-04-08
  • Pages : 171
  • ISBN : 9781605110981
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on research related to ionic conducting (e.g., protons, oxygen ions) materials and devices. Contributions range from fundamental materials R&D, to characterization, to materials for batteries, sensors, membranes, supercapacitors and fuel cells. Special emphasis is given to miniaturized solid-oxide fuel cells (micro-SOFCs), from fundamental materials studies which are still very much needed for this application, to the development of devices. Innovative concepts for energy storage are also discussed.

Three Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Using Different Fuels

Three Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Using Different Fuels
A Book

by Sachin Laxman Puthran

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 146
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology has been of great interest over many years due to its flexibility in using different fuels for operation; including the fundamental fuel i.e. Hydrogen. Various computational and numerical models have been developed along with experimental work to evaluate the performance as well as to identify and overcome the problems faced in the development of SOFC's. In an attempt to achieve efficient operation with respect to design and combined thermal and electrochemical perspective, the main objective of the proposed study is to present a three-dimensional computational model, which will serve as a framework for the analysis and optimization of SOFC's. A three-dimensional model of a tubular SOFC was developed to study the effect of temperature and electrolyte thickness variations on its performance. A commercial Computational Fluid dynamics (CFD) software ANSYS FLUENT 12.0 was used for the development of the model which incorporates an interactive 3-D electro-thermo-chemical fluid flow analysis. The particular model, after validation against experimental observations for selected benchmark cases, was demonstrated to be compatible for intermediate temperature operations using hydrogen as fuel. The performance of the model was analyzed by varying electrolyte thicknesses from 2-100 [mu]m. The same model was further evaluated using different fuels such as CH4 (methane) and CO (carbon monoxide), including the modeling of the reformation and the water-gas shift reactions. The results were compared to other computationally less expensive, analytical and empirical models, thus confirming the given model to be used as a basic model for future research on intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells"--Abstract, leaf iii.

Specific Programme for Research and Development, Including Demonstration, in the Field of Non-nuclear Energy, 1994-1998

Specific Programme for Research and Development, Including Demonstration, in the Field of Non-nuclear Energy, 1994-1998
JOULE III : Project Synopses, 1995-96

by European Commission. Directorate-General XII, Science, Research, and Development

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 397
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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