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Introduction to Adsorption

Introduction to Adsorption
Basics, Analysis, and Applications

by Chi Tien

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-27
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 0128175125
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Adsorption: Basics, Analysis, and Applications presents adsorption basics that are relevant and essential to its application, including data analysis, interpretation and design calculations. The book deliberately keeps background information to a minimum, instead comprehensively covering adsorption of liquid solutions, the difference between equilibrium individual solute uptake and surface excess, a general discussion of adsorbate uptake mechanisms and uptake rate expression, uptake steps, performance models and their generalizations, application of performance models, and design methods based on the constant behavior assumption and unused bed length concept. Includes adsorption basics and their applications Discusses gas adsorption equilibrium and equilibrium of liquid adsorption Gives the various steps of adsorbate uptake and their combination to yield adsorbate uptake rate expression Presents both rational and empirical design for adsorption processes Highlights common mistakes found in recent adsorption publications

Adsorption and Phase Behaviour in Nanochannels and Nanotubes

Adsorption and Phase Behaviour in Nanochannels and Nanotubes
A Book

by Lawrence J. Dunne,George Manos

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-09-24
  • Pages : 295
  • ISBN : 9789048124817
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Channels of nanotubular dimensions exist in a variety of materials (examples are carbon nanotubes and the nanotubular channels of zeolites and zeotypes) and show promise for numerous applications due to their unique properties. One of their most important properties is their capacity to adsorb molecules and these may exist in a variety of phases. "Adsorption and Phase Behaviour in Nanochannels and Nanotubes" provides an excellent review of recent and current work on adsorption on nanometerials. It is an impressive collection of papers dealing with the adsorption and phase behaviour in nanoporous materials from both experimental and theoretical perspectives. "Adsorption and Phase Behaviour in Nanochannels and Nanotubes" focuses on carbon nanotubes as well as zeolites and related materials.

Gas Separation by Adsorption Processes

Gas Separation by Adsorption Processes
A Book

by Ralph T. Yang

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 1483162664
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gas Separation by Adsorption Processes provides a thorough discussion of the advancement in gas adsorption process. The book is comprised of eight chapters that emphasize the fundamentals concept and principles. The text first covers the adsorbents and adsorption isotherms, and then proceeds to detailing the equilibrium adsorption of gas mixtures. Next, the book covers rate processes in adsorbers and adsorber dynamics. The next chapter discusses cyclic gas separation processes, and the remaining two chapters cover pressure-swing adsorption. The book will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of disciplines that involve gas separation processes, such as chemical engineering.

Fundamentals of Adsorption

Fundamentals of Adsorption
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fundamentals of Adsorption

by M. Douglas LeVan

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 1078
  • ISBN : 1461313759
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Adsorption is the proceedings of the fifth International Conference on the Fundamentals of Adsorption, which was held on May 13-18, 1995 at the Asilomar Conference Center, Pacific Grove, California. This conference was organized completely under the auspices of the International Adsorption Society. It was attended by 196 participants from 24 countries. Members of the Scientific Advisory Board, together with the Conference Committee, selected papers for presentation from a large number of proposals involving an especially high level of international participation. The fundamental aspects of adsorption is a subject which has grown rapidly in recent years, drawing researchers from many disciplines including materials science, chemistry, physics, biochemistry and biotechnology, and chemical, civil, mechanical and environmental engineering. Fundamentals of Adsorption serves as an excellent reference and may be used as a primary text for a graduate level course on adsorption research or as a secondary text for a course on any of the disciplines mentioned above.

Adsorption by Carbons

Adsorption by Carbons
A Book

by Eduardo J. Bottani,Juan M.D. Tascón

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-10-10
  • Pages : 776
  • ISBN : 9780080559421
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adsorption by Carbons covers the most significant aspects of adsorption by carbons, attempting to fill the existing gap between the fields of adsorption and carbonaceous materials. Both basic and applied aspects are presented. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to some novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book. The first book to address the interplay between carbonaceous materials and adsorption Includes important environmental applications, such as the removal of volatile organic compounds from polluted atmospheres Covers both gas-solid and liquid-solid adsorption

Adsorption and Diffusion in Nanoporous Materials

Adsorption and Diffusion in Nanoporous Materials
A Book

by Rolando M.A. Roque-Malherbe

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-03-05
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9781420046762
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As nanomaterials get smaller, their properties increasingly diverge from their bulk material counterparts. Written from a materials science perspective, Adsorption and Diffusion in Nanoporous Materials describes the methodology for using single-component gas adsorption and diffusion measurements to characterize nanoporous solids. Concise, yet comprehensive, the book covers both equilibrium adsorption and adsorption kinetics in dynamic systems in a single source. It presents the theoretical and mathematical tools for analyzing microporosity, kinetics, thermodynamics, and transport processes of the adsorbent surface. Then it examines how these measurements elucidate structural and morphological characteristics of the materials. Detailed descriptions of the phenomena include diagrams, essential equations, and fully derived, concrete examples based on the author's own research experiences and insight. The book contains chapters on statistical physics, dynamic adsorption in plug flow bed reactors, and the synthesis and modification of important nanoporous materials. The final chapter covers the principles and applications of adsorption for multicomponent systems in the liquid phase. Connecting recent advances in adsorption characterization with developments in the transport and diffusion of nanoporous materials, this book is ideal for scientists involved in the research, development, and applications of new nanoporous materials.

Partition and Adsorption of Organic Contaminants in Environmental Systems

Partition and Adsorption of Organic Contaminants in Environmental Systems
A Book

by Cary T. Chiou

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2003-07-07
  • Pages : 257
  • ISBN : 0471463019
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Given the presence of a wide variety of contaminants in theenvironment, it is important to understand what drives acontaminant from one medium to another, as well as the manner andextent to which a contaminant associates with the different mediaor phases within a local environmental system. Partition andAdsorption of Organic Contaminants in Environmental Systemsforms a comprehensive resource on the behavioral characteristics ofcontaminants so that appropriate strategies can be adopted toeither prevent or minimize their adverse impacts on human welfareand natural resources. Cary Chiou’s far-reaching text depicts the processes bywhich nonionic organic contaminants are sorbed to natural bioticand abiotic substances. This book focuses on physical principlesand system parameters that affect the contaminant uptake by soilfrom water, air, and other media; by fish from water; and by plantsfrom soil and water. As contaminant uptake by natural organicsubstances is often predominantly a partition interaction, thepartition characteristics in several solvent-water model mixturesare treated in detail to elucidate the relevant physicochemicalparameters. The account of contaminant sorption to soils, fish, andplants is strengthened by companion chapters on: Fundamentals of solution theory Interphase partition equations Fundamentals of adsorption theory Vapor adsorption on mineral and carbonaceous solids No other single source in the field delivers as compelling acombination of background understanding and "state-of-the-science"comprehension of current issues. Ideally suited for agraduate-level environmental course, Partition and Adsorptionof Organic Contaminants in Environmental Systems alsoserves as a technical guide to current and future research in thefield.

Adsorption Technology in Water Treatment

Adsorption Technology in Water Treatment
Fundamentals, Processes, and Modeling

by Eckhard Worch

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release : 2012-08-31
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 3110240238
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This scientific monograph treats the theoretical fundamentals of adsorption technology for water treatment from a practical perspective. It presents all the basics needed for experimental adsorption studies as well as for process modeling and adsorber design. With the increasing importance of micropollutants in the water cycle, particular attention is paid to their competitive adsorption in presence of background organic matter. Clear illustrations, extensive literature references make this work indispensible for scientists and technicians involved in water treatment.

Introduction to Zeolite Molecular Sieves

Introduction to Zeolite Molecular Sieves
A Book

by Jiri Cejka,Herman van Bekkum,A. Corma,F. Schueth

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2007-10-02
  • Pages : 1094
  • ISBN : 008055041X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Zeolite Molecular Sieves, 3rd Edition presents a collection of the most important results and ideas in the field of molecular sieve chemistry and technology, the most important experimental techniques related to the research activities in molecular sieves, and identifies new areas of molecular sieve chemistry. Chapters start at a reasonably simple entry level, but also covers the present state-of-the-art in the field. Topics covered include structure, synthesis, characterization, ion exchange, adsorption, diffusion, separations, and natural zeolites. * 6 years since the last edtion this book brings together the rapid development within the field of molecular sieve chemistry and applications * Accessible to newcomers to the field, also containing valuable information for experienced researchers * 27 chapters written by renowned scientists in their field, including updates on some 2nd edition chapters

Adsorption Processes for Water Treatment and Purification

Adsorption Processes for Water Treatment and Purification
A Book

by Adrián Bonilla-Petriciolet,Didilia Ileana Mendoza-Castillo,Hilda Elizabeth Reynel-Avila

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-07-19
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 3319581368
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides researchers and graduate students with an overview of the latest developments in and applications of adsorption processes for water treatment and purification. In particular, it covers current topics in connection with the modeling and design of adsorption processes, and the synthesis and application of cost-effective adsorbents for the removal of relevant aquatic pollutants. The book describes recent advances and alternatives to improve the performance and efficacy of this water purification technique. In addition, selected chapters are devoted to discussing the reliable modeling and analysis of adsorption data, which are relevant for real-life applications to industrial effluents and groundwater. Overall, the book equips readers with a general perspective of the potential that adsorption processes hold for the removal of emerging water pollutants. It can readily be adopted as part of special courses on environmental engineering, adsorption and water treatment for upper undergraduate and graduate students. Furthermore, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers in water production control, as well as for practitioners interested in applying adsorption processes to real-world problems in water treatment and related areas.

Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids

Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids
Principles, Methodology and Applications

by Jean Rouquerol,Françoise Rouquerol,Kenneth S.W. Sing

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1998-10-05
  • Pages : 467
  • ISBN : 0080526012
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The declared objective of this book is to provide an introductory review of the various theoretical and practical aspects of adsorption by powders and porous solids with particular reference to materials of technological importance. The primary aim is to meet the needs of students and non-specialists, who are new to surface science or who wish to use the advanced techniques now available for the determination of surface area, pore size and surface characterization. In addition, a critical account is given of recent work on the adsorptive properties of activated carbons, oxides, clays and zeolites. Provides a comprehensive treatment of adsorption at both the gas/solid interface and the liquid/solid interface Includes chapters dealing with experimental methodology and the interpretation of adsorption data obtained with porous oxides, carbons and zeolites Techniques capture the importance of heterogeneous catalysis, chemical engineering and the production of pigments, cements, agrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals

Adsorption Calculations and Modelling

Adsorption Calculations and Modelling
A Book

by Howard Brenner

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 148329224X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'Adsorption Calculations and Modelling' provides readers with practical, useful information about how to make adsorption calculations and formulate models describing adsorption processes. Unlike most books on this subject, this book treats both gas phase adsorption and liquid phase adsorption with equal emphasis, and supplies a rigorous treatment of multi-component adsorption. It also covers adsorption applications in environmental applications including the use of impregnated adsorbents for protection against toxic gases and carbon adsorption in water and wastewater treatment. Explores the most up-to-date information on multicomponent adsorption Details adsorption applications in environmental application Explains the fundamentals of adsorption calculation in a simple, straightforward manner.

Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces

Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces
A Book

by Richard I. Masel

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1996-03-22
  • Pages : 818
  • ISBN : 9780471303923
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces As with other books in the field, Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces describes what occurs when gases come in contact with various solid surfaces. But, unlike all the others, it also explains why. While the theory of surface reactions is still under active development, the approach Dr. Richard Masel takes in this book is to outline general principles derived from thermodynamics and reaction rate theory that can be applied to reactions on surfaces, and to indicate ways in which these principles may be applied. The book also provides a comprehensive treatment of the latest quantitative surface modeling techniques with numerous examples of their use in the fields of chemical engineering, physical chemistry, and materials science. A valuable working resource and an excellent graduate-level text, Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces provides readers with: * A detailed look at the latest advances in understanding and quantifying reactions on surfaces * In-depth reviews of all crucial background material * 40 solved examples illustrating how the methods apply to catalysis, physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, electrochemistry, and more * 340 problems and practice exercises * Sample computer programs * Universal plots of many key quantities * Detailed, class-tested derivations to help clarify key results The recent development of quantitative techniques for modeling surface reactions has led to a number of exciting breakthroughs in our understanding of what happens when gases come in contact with solid surfaces. While many books have appeared describing various experimental modeling techniques and the results obtained through their application, until now, there has been no single-volume reference devoted to the fundamental principles governing the processes observed. The first book to focus on governing principles rather than experimental techniques or specific results, Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces provides students and professionals with a quantitative treatment of the application of principles derived from the fields of thermodynamics and reaction rate theory to the investigation of gas adsorption and reaction on solid surfaces. Writing for a broad-based audience including, among others, chemical engineers, chemists, and materials scientists, Dr. Richard I. Masel deftly balances basic background in areas such as statistical mechanics and kinetics with more advanced applications in specialized areas. Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces was also designed to provide readers an opportunity to quickly familiarize themselves with all of the important quantitative surface modeling techniques now in use. To that end, the author has included all of the key equations involved as well as numerous real-world illustrations and solved examples that help to illustrate how the equations can be applied. He has also provided computer programs along with universal plots that make it easy for readers to apply results to their own problems with little computational effort. Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces is a valuable working resource for chemical engineers, physical chemists, and materials scientists, and an excellent text for graduate students in those disciplines.

Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes

Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes
A Book

by J. J. Kipling

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-01-31
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 148326629X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes provides a general discussion of the subject, which has so far been given little or no attention in current textbooks of physical chemistry. A general view of the subject is particularly needed at a time when we wish to see how far it will be possible to use theories of solutions to explain the phenomena of adsorption. The book opens with an introductory chapter on the types of interface, aspects of adsorption from solution, types of adsorption, and classification of systems. This is followed by separate chapters on experimental methods, adsorption at the liquid-solid interface, adsorption from completely miscible and partially liquids, adsorption of gases and solids from solution, adsorption of polymers, and adsorption in multicomponent systems. Subsequent chapters deal with factors influencing competitive adsorption at the liquid-solid interface. adsorption at the liquid-vapor and liquid-liquid interface, kinetics and thermodynamics of adsorption from the liquid phase, the use of columns in adsorption, and use of adsorption from solution to measure surface area.

Principles of Adsorption and Adsorption Processes

Principles of Adsorption and Adsorption Processes
A Book

by Douglas M. Ruthven

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1984-06-05
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 9780471866060
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first up-to-date summary and review for the fundamental principles and industrial practice of adsorption separation processes in more than 30 years. Emphasizes the understanding of adsorption column dynamics and the modeling of adsorption systems, as well as fundamental aspects of kinetics and equilibria.

Activated Carbon Adsorption

Activated Carbon Adsorption
A Book

by Roop Chand Bansal,Meenakshi Goyal

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2005-05-24
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 1420028812
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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High surface area, a microporous structure, and a high degree of surface reactivity make activated carbons versatile adsorbents, particularly effective in the adsorption of organic and inorganic pollutants from aqueous solutions. Activated Carbon Adsorption introduces the parameters and mechanisms involved in the activated carbon adsorption

Adsorption Technology and Design

Adsorption Technology and Design
A Book

by W John Thomas, FEng,Barry Crittenden

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 1998-05-11
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN : 9780750619592
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of this book is to provide all those involved in designing and running adsorption processes with a guide to adsorption technology and design.

Interfacial Science: An Introduction

Interfacial Science: An Introduction
A Book

by Geoffrey Barnes,Ian Gentle

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2011-02-10
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN : 019957118X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Interfacial Science: An Introduction is an accessible text introducing readers to the chemistry of interfaces, a subject of increasing relevance and popularity due to the emergence of nanoscience.

Adsorption Refrigeration Technology

Adsorption Refrigeration Technology
Theory and Application

by Ruzhu Wang,Liwei Wang,Jingyi Wu

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-04-11
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 111819747X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gives readers a detailed understanding of adsorption refrigeration technology, with a focus on practical applications and environmental concerns Systematically covering the technology of adsorption refrigeration, this book provides readers with a technical understanding of the topic as well as detailed information on the state-of-the-art from leading researchers in the field. Introducing readers to background on the development of adsorption refrigeration, the authors also cover the development of adsorbents, various thermodynamic theories, the design of adsorption systems and adsorption refrigeration cycles. The book guides readers through the research process, covering key aspects such as: the principle of adsorption refrigeration; choosing adsorbents according to different characteristics; thermodynamic equations; methods for the design of heat exchangers for adsorbers; and the advanced adsorption cycles needed. It is also valuable as a reference for professionals working in these areas. Covers state-of-the art of adsorption research and technologies for relevant applications, working from adsorption working pairs through to the application of adsorption refrigeration technology for low grade heat recovery Assesses sustainable alternatives to traditional refrigeration methods, such as the application of adsorption refrigeration systems for solar energy and waste heat Includes a key chapter on the design of adsorption refrigeration systems as a tutorial for readers new to the topic; the calculation models for different components and working processes are also included Takes real-world examples giving an insight into existing products and installations and enabling readers to apply the knowledge to their own work Academics researching low grade energy utilization and refrigeration; Graduate students of refrigeration and low grade energy utilization; Experienced engineers wanting to renew knowledge of adsorption technology,Engineers working at companies developing adsorption chillers; Graduate students working on thermally driven systems; Advanced undergraduates for the Refrigeration Principle as a part of thermal driven refrigeration technology.

Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes

Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes
A Book

by J. J. Kipling

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-01-31
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 148326629X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes provides a general discussion of the subject, which has so far been given little or no attention in current textbooks of physical chemistry. A general view of the subject is particularly needed at a time when we wish to see how far it will be possible to use theories of solutions to explain the phenomena of adsorption. The book opens with an introductory chapter on the types of interface, aspects of adsorption from solution, types of adsorption, and classification of systems. This is followed by separate chapters on experimental methods, adsorption at the liquid-solid interface, adsorption from completely miscible and partially liquids, adsorption of gases and solids from solution, adsorption of polymers, and adsorption in multicomponent systems. Subsequent chapters deal with factors influencing competitive adsorption at the liquid-solid interface. adsorption at the liquid-vapor and liquid-liquid interface, kinetics and thermodynamics of adsorption from the liquid phase, the use of columns in adsorption, and use of adsorption from solution to measure surface area.