Download Kinetics of Processes in the Solid State Ebook PDF

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes
A Book

by Pritam Deb

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2013-12-16
  • Pages : 49
  • ISBN : 9788132217558
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Kinetic studies have traditionally being extremely useful in characterizing several physical and chemical phenomena in organic, inorganic and metallic systems. It provides valuable qualitative, quantitative and kinetic information on phase transformations, solid state precipitation, crystallization, oxidation and decomposition. Unfortunately, no single reference comprehensively presents nonisothermal kinetic analysis method for the study of complex processes, determining the actual mechanism and kinetic parameters. This book provides a new method for nonisothermal kinetics and its application in heterogeneous solid state processes. In the backdrop of limitations in existing methods, the book presents a brief review of the widely used isothermal and nonisothermal kinetic analysis methods.

Kinetics of Processes in the Solid State

Kinetics of Processes in the Solid State
A Book

by James E. House

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-11-15
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 9780128188767
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Chemical kinetics in solids are often dependent on numerous factors, and it's important for researchers to understand both the interactions relating to these factors, and how their own procedural choices may influence outcomes. Kinetics of Processes in the Solid State provides an authoritative overview of reactions in solids and helps readers quickly and easily identify the kinetic processes at play in their own work. Beginning with an introduction to the nature of solids and transformations, the book goes on to outline rate laws and experimental techniques, followed by such key areas as nucleation, phase transformations and crystallization. Chapters on the kinetics of dehydration, decomposition and polymers follow, before the book concludes by reviewing kinetics in relation to some important applications. Drawing on the experience of its expert author, Kinetics of Processes in the Solid State is a practical introduction to the field for chemists and researchers whose work is directly related to these interactions, and additionally for all those in related fields whose work would be enhanced by an understanding of these processes. Places the application of kinetic models in the context of reactions across numerous types of materials Illustrates the potentials and limitations of experimental techniques for studying reactions in solids Shows how experimental conditions can affect kinetic studies and how readers can address such issues

Chemical Kinetics of Solids

Chemical Kinetics of Solids
A Book

by Hermann Schmalzried

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-07-11
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 3527615520
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Many different chemical processes take place inside solids or at solid surfaces and interfaces. However, their quantitative description sometimes seems difficult to understand. This book by Professor Schmalzried, author of the eminently successful Solid State Reactions; bridges the gap between the 'physical' and 'chemical' approaches to this subject because it is written in a language which both sides understand. For the first time, a comprehensive coverage of the rapidly developing field of Solid State Kinetics is available. The topics covered in this book go far beyond diffusional transport. Homogeneous and heterogeneous solid-state reactions, phase transitions or the influence of external fields are also treated in detail. With this background, the author explains e.g. charge transport mechanisms in ionic conductors, principles of sensor technology, or oxidation processes clearly and comprehensibly. This book is a must for every solid-state chemist and an indispensable tool for academic and industrial readers alike. From reviews: 'a first-rate reference work that a must for any science library' (J. Am Chem. Soc.) 'can be recommended without restrictions ...' (Z. Phys. Chem.)

Lectures on Kinetic Processes in Materials

Lectures on Kinetic Processes in Materials
A Book

by Han-Ill Yoo

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2020-05-03
  • Pages : 341
  • ISBN : 9783030259495
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book provides beginning graduate or senior-level undergraduate students in materials disciplines with a primer of the fundamental and quantitative ideas on kinetic processes in solid materials. Kinetics is concerned with the rate of change of the state of existence of a material system under thermodynamic driving forces. Kinetic processes in materials typically involve chemical reactions and solid state diffusion in parallel or in tandem. Thus, mathematics of diffusion in continuum is first dealt with in some depth, followed by the atomic theory of diffusion and a brief review of chemical reaction kinetics. Chemical diffusion in metals and ionic solids, diffusion-controlled kinetics of phase transformations, and kinetics of gas-solid reactions are examined. Through this course of learning, a student will become able to predict quantitatively how fast a kinetic process takes place, to understand the inner workings of the process, and to design the optimal process of material state change. Provides students with the tools to predict quantitatively how fast a kinetic process takes place and solve other diffusion related problems; Learns fundamental and quantitative ideas on kinetic processes in solid materials; Examines chemical diffusion in metals and ionic solids, diffusion-controlled kinetics of phase transformations, and kinetics of gas-solid reactions, among others; Contains end-of chapter exercise problems to help reinforce students' grasp of the concepts presented within each chapter.

Solid State Polymerization

Solid State Polymerization
A Book

by Constantine D. Papaspyrides,Stamatina N. Vouyiouka

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-04-27
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0470451823
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The most current guide to solid state polymerization Solid State Polymerization (SSP)is an indispensable tool in the design, manufacture, and study of polymers, plastics, and fibers. SSP presents significant advantages over other polymerization techniques due to low operating temperatures, inexpensive equipment, and simple and environmentally sound procedures. Combining fundamentals of polymer science, chemistry, physical chemistry, and engineering, SSP also offers many research applications for a wide range of students and investigators. Gathering and filtering the latest literature on SSP, Solid Solid State Polymerization offers a unique, one-stop resource on this important process. With chapters contributed by leaders in the field, this text summarizes SSP, and provides essential coverage that includes: An introduction to SSP, with chemical and physical steps, apparatus, advantages, and parameters SSP physical chemistry and mechanisms Kinetic aspects of polyesters and polyamides SSP Catalysis in SSP processes Application of SSP under high pressure conditions in the laboratory Engineering aspects regarding process modeling and industrial application Recent developments and future possibilities Solid State Polymerization provides the most up-to-date coverage of this constantly developing field to academic and industry professionals, as well as graduate and postgraduate-level students in chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, polymer chemistry, polymer processing and polymer engineering.

Reactions in the Solid State

Reactions in the Solid State
A Book

by Michael E. Brown,D. Dollimore,A.K. Galwey

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1980-01-01
  • Pages : 339
  • ISBN : 9780080868165
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The whole of Volume 22 is devoted to the kinetics and mechanisms of the decomposition and interaction of inorganic solids, extended to include metal carboxylates. After an introductory chapter on the characteristic features of reactions in the solid phase, experimental methods of investigation of solid reactions and the measurement of reaction rates are reviewed in Chapter 2 and the theory of solid state kinetics in Chapter 3. The reactions of single substances, loosely grouped on the basis of a common anion since it is this constituent which most frequently undergoes breakdown, are discussed in Chapter 4, the sequence being effectively that of increasing anion complexity. Chapter 5 covers reactions between solids, and includes catalytic processes where one solid component remains unchanged, double compound formation and rate processes involving the interactions of more than three crystalline phases. The final chapter summarises the general conclusions drawn in the text of Chapter 2-5.

Reactions in the Solid State

Reactions in the Solid State
A Book

by Michael E. Brown,D. Dollimore,A.K. Galwey

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science
  • Release : 1980-01-15
  • Pages : 339
  • ISBN : 9780444418074
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The whole of Volume 22 is devoted to the kinetics and mechanisms of the decomposition and interaction of inorganic solids, extended to include metal carboxylates. After an introductory chapter on the characteristic features of reactions in the solid phase, experimental methods of investigation of solid reactions and the measurement of reaction rates are reviewed in Chapter 2 and the theory of solid state kinetics in Chapter 3. The reactions of single substances, loosely grouped on the basis of a common anion since it is this constituent which most frequently undergoes breakdown, are discussed in Chapter 4, the sequence being effectively that of increasing anion complexity. Chapter 5 covers reactions between solids, and includes catalytic processes where one solid component remains unchanged, double compound formation and rate processes involving the interactions of more than three crystalline phases. The final chapter summarises the general conclusions drawn in the text of Chapter 2-5.

Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry, Number 38

Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry, Number 38
A Book

by B. E. Conway

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-02-02
  • Pages : 543
  • ISBN : 0387258388
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This volume comprises six chapters on aspects of fundamental and applied electrochemical science that will be of interest both to researchers in the basic areas of the subject and to those involved in aspects of electrochemical technologies. Chapter 1 is the first part of a 2-part, major contribution by Joachim Maier on Solid State Electrochemistry: Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Charge Carriers in Solids. Part 2 will follow in volume 39 to be published in year 2005. This contribution reviews modern concepts of the equilibria involving charge carriers in solids in terms of concentrations of defects in solids and at grain-boundaries, including doping effects. Complementarily, kinetics of charge transfer and ion transfer are treated in some detail in relation to conductance, kinetics of surface processes and electrode-kinetics involving solid-state processes. This chapter will be of major interest to electrochemists and physicists in the semiconductor field and that involving ionic solids. In the second chapter, Appleby presents a detailed discussion and review in modern terms of a central aspect of electrochemistry: Electron Transfer Reactions With and Without Ion Transfer. Electron transfer is the most fundamental aspect of most processes at electrode interfaces and is also involved intimately with the homogeneous chemistry of redox reactions in solutions.

Physical Chemistry of Ionic Materials

Physical Chemistry of Ionic Materials
Ions and Electrons in Solids

by Joachim Maier

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2004-08-13
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 9780470020210
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Defects play an important role in determining the properties of solids. This book provides an introduction to chemical bond, phonons, and thermodynamics; treatment of point defect formation and reaction, equilibria, mechanisms, and kinetics; kinetics chapters on solid state processes; and electrochemical techniques and applications. * Offers a coherent description of fundamental defect chemistry and the most common applications. * Up-to-date trends and developments within this field. * Combines electrochemical concepts with aspects of semiconductor physics.

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics
A Book

by Santosh K. Upadhyay

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-04-29
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1402045476
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics brings together the major facts and theories relating to the rates with which chemical reactions occur from both the macroscopic and microscopic point of view. This book helps the reader achieve a thorough understanding of the principles of chemical kinetics and includes: Detailed stereochemical discussions of reaction steps Classical theory based calculations of state-to-state rate constants A collection of matters on kinetics of various special reactions such as micellar catalysis, phase transfer catalysis, inhibition processes, oscillatory reactions, solid-state reactions, and polymerization reactions at a single source. The growth of the chemical industry greatly depends on the application of chemical kinetics, catalysts and catalytic processes. This volume is therefore an invaluable resource for all academics, industrial researchers and students interested in kinetics, molecular reaction dynamics, and the mechanisms of chemical reactions.

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes
A Book

by Pritam Deb

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-12-03
  • Pages : 49
  • ISBN : 813221756X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Kinetic studies have traditionally being extremely useful in characterizing several physical and chemical phenomena in organic, inorganic and metallic systems. It provides valuable qualitative, quantitative and kinetic information on phase transformations, solid state precipitation, crystallization, oxidation and decomposition. Unfortunately, no single reference comprehensively presents nonisothermal kinetic analysis method for the study of complex processes, determining the actual mechanism and kinetic parameters. This book provides a new method for nonisothermal kinetics and its application in heterogeneous solid state processes. In the backdrop of limitations in existing methods, the book presents a brief review of the widely used isothermal and nonisothermal kinetic analysis methods.

Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry

Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry
A Book

by Ralph E. White,Brian E. Conway,Costas G. Vayenas

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1441990275
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This volume of Modern Aspects contains seven chapters. The major topics covered in the first six chapters of this volume include fundamentals of solid state electrochemistry; kinetics of electrochemical hydrogen entry into metals and alloys; oxidation of organics; fuel cells; electrode kinetics of trace-anion catalysis; nano structural analysis. The last chapter is a corrected version of chapter four from Volume 35. Faisal M. AI-faqeer and Howard W. Pickering begin the first chapter by going back to 1864 and Cailletet who found that some hydrogen evolved and was absorbed by iron when it was immersed in dilute sulfuric acid. The absorption of hydrogen into metals and alloys can lead to catastrophic failures of structures. They discuss the kinetics of electrochemical hydrogen entry into metals and alloys. In chapter three, Clyde L. Briant reviews the electrochemistry, corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement of unalloyed titanium. He begins by reviewing the basic electrochemistry and general corrosion of titanium. He also discusses pitting and galvanostatic corrosion followed by a review of hydrogen embrittlement emphasizing the formation of hydrides and the effect of these on titanium's mechanical properties. Christos Comninellis and Gy6rgy F6ti discuss the oxidative electrochemical processes of organics in chapter three. They begin by defining direct and indirect electrochemical oxidation of organics. They introduce a model that allows them to distinguish between active (strong) and non-active (weak) anodes. Different classes of organic compounds are used for kinetic models of organic oxidation at active and non-active type anodes.

Reactions in the Solid State

Reactions in the Solid State
A Book

by Michael E. Brown,D. Dollimore,A.K. Galwey

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science
  • Release : 1980-01-15
  • Pages : 339
  • ISBN : 9780444418074
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The whole of Volume 22 is devoted to the kinetics and mechanisms of the decomposition and interaction of inorganic solids, extended to include metal carboxylates. After an introductory chapter on the characteristic features of reactions in the solid phase, experimental methods of investigation of solid reactions and the measurement of reaction rates are reviewed in Chapter 2 and the theory of solid state kinetics in Chapter 3. The reactions of single substances, loosely grouped on the basis of a common anion since it is this constituent which most frequently undergoes breakdown, are discussed in Chapter 4, the sequence being effectively that of increasing anion complexity. Chapter 5 covers reactions between solids, and includes catalytic processes where one solid component remains unchanged, double compound formation and rate processes involving the interactions of more than three crystalline phases. The final chapter summarises the general conclusions drawn in the text of Chapter 2-5.

Polymer Yearbook

Polymer Yearbook
A Book

by Richard Arthur Pethrick,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov,Teiji Tsuruta,Naoyuki Koide

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9783718603428
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals
A Book

by Ryan O'Hayre

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-01-12
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1118972899
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Introductory kinetics for the undergrad materials scientist Materials Kinetics Fundamentals is an accessible and interesting introduction to kinetics processes, with a focus on materials systems. Designed for the undergraduate student, this book avoids intense mathematics to present the theory and application of kinetics in a clear, reader-friendly way. Students are first introduced to the fundamental concepts of kinetics, with illustrated diagrams, examples, text boxes, and homework questions that impart a unified, intuitive understanding. Further chapters cover the application of these concepts in the context of materials science, with real-world examples including silicon processing and integrated circuit fabrication, thin-film deposition, carbon-14 dating, steel degassing, energy conversion, and more. Instructor materials including PowerPoint presentations, a test bank, and more are available through the companion website, providing a complete resource for the undergraduate materials science student. At its core, kinetics deals with rates, telling us how fast something will take place – for example, how fast water will evaporate, or how fast molten silicon will solidify. This book is designed to provide students with an introduction to kinetics' underlying principles, without rigorous math to distract from understanding. Understand universally important kinetic concepts like diffusion and reaction rate Model common kinetic processes both quantitatively and qualitatively Learn the mechanisms behind important and interesting materials systems Examine the behaviors, properties, and interactions of relevant solid materials There are a large number of books on chemical kinetics, but there are far fewer that focus on materials kinetics, and virtually none that provide an accessible, introductory-level treatment of the subject. Materials Kinetics Fundamentals fills that need, with clear, detailed explanations of these universal concepts.

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems
A Book

by PatrickL. Brezonik

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-05-08
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN : 1351461508
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems is devoted to chemical reactions and biogeochemical processes in aquatic systems. The book provides a thorough analysis of the principles, mathematics, and analytical tools used in chemical, microbial, and reactor kinetics. It also presents a comprehensive, up-to-date description of the kinetics of important chemical processes in aquatic environments. Aquatic photochemistry and correlation methods (e.g., LFERs and QSARs) to predict process rates are covered. Numerous examples are included, and each chapter has a detailed bibliography and problems sets. The book will be an excellent text/reference for professionals and students in such fields as aquatic chemistry, limnology, aqueous geochemistry, microbial ecology, marine science, environmental and water resources engineering, and geochemistry.

Thermal analysis of Micro, Nano- and Non-Crystalline Materials

Thermal analysis of Micro, Nano- and Non-Crystalline Materials
Transformation, Crystallization, Kinetics and Thermodynamics

by Jaroslav Šesták,Peter Simon

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-10-28
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN : 9048131502
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Thermal Analysis of Micro-, Nano- and Non-Crystalline Materials: Transformation, Crystallization, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics complements and adds to volume 8 Glassy, Amorphous and Nano-Crystalline Materials by providing a coherent and authoritative overview of cutting-edge themes in this field. In particular, the book focuses on reaction thermodynamics and kinetics applied to solid-state chemistry and thermal physics of various states of materials. Written by an international array of distinguished academics, the book deals with fundamental and historical aspects of phenomenological kinetics, equilibrium background of processes, crystal defects, non-stoichiometry and nano-crystallinity, reduced glass-transition temperatures and glass-forming coefficients, determination of the glass transition by DSC, the role of heat transfer and phase transition in DTA experiments, explanation of DTA/DSC methods used for the estimation of crystal nucleation, structural relaxation and viscosity behaviour in glass and associated relaxation kinetics, influence of preliminary nucleation and coupled phenomenological kinetics, nucleation on both the strongly curved surfaces and nano-particles, crystallization of glassy and amorphous materials including oxides, chalcogenides and metals, non-parametric and fractal description of kinetics, disorder and dimensionality in nano-crystalline diamond, thermal analysis of waste glass batches, amorphous inorganic polysialates and bioactivity of hydroxyl groups as well as reaction kinetics and unconventional glass formability of oxide superconductors. Thermal Analysis of Micro-, Nano- and Non-Crystalline Materials: Transformation, Crystallization, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics is a valuable resource to advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, and researches working in the application fields of material thermodynamics, thermal analysis, thermophysical measurements, and calorimetry.

International journal of chemical kinetics

International journal of chemical kinetics
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Principles of Chemical Kinetics

Principles of Chemical Kinetics
A Book

by James E. House

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2007-08-30
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780080550503
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

James House's revised Principles of Chemical Kinetics provides a clear and logical description of chemical kinetics in a manner unlike any other book of its kind. Clearly written with detailed derivations, the text allows students to move rapidly from theoretical concepts of rates of reaction to concrete applications. Unlike other texts, House presents a balanced treatment of kinetic reactions in gas, solution, and solid states. The entire text has been revised and includes many new sections and an additional chapter on applications of kinetics. The topics covered include quantitative relationships between molecular structure and chemical activity, organic/inorganic chemistry, biochemical kinetics, surface kinetics and reaction mechanisms. Chapters also include new problems, with answers to selected questions, to test the reader's understanding of each area. A solutions manual with answers to all questions is available for instructors. A useful text for both students and interested readers alike, Dr. House has once again written a comprehensive text simply explaining an otherwise complicated subject. Provides an introduction to all the major areas of kinetics and demonstrates the use of these concepts in real life applications Detailed derivations of formula are shown to help students with a limited background in mathematics Presents a balanced treatment of kinetics of reactions in gas phase, solutions and solids Solutions manual available for instructors

Kinetics and Catalysis

Kinetics and Catalysis
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK