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Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation

Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation
Astrogeoinformatics

by Petr Skoda,Fathalrahman Adam

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020-03
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128191546
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation: Astrogeoinformatics bridges the gap between astronomy and geoscience in the context of applications, techniques and key principles of big data. Machine learning and parallel computing are increasingly becoming cross-disciplinary as the phenomena of Big Data is becoming common place. This book provides insight into the common workflows and data science tools used for big data in astronomy and geoscience. After establishing similarity in data gathering, pre-processing and handling, the data science aspects are illustrated in the context of both fields. Software, hardware and algorithms of big data are addressed. Finally, the book offers insight into the emerging science which combines data and expertise from both fields in studying the effect of cosmos on the earth and its inhabitants.

Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation

Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation
Astrogeoinformatics

by Petr Skoda,Fathalrahman Adam

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-10
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 0128191554
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation: Astrogeoinformatics bridges the gap between astronomy and geoscience in the context of applications, techniques and key principles of big data. Machine learning and parallel computing are increasingly becoming cross-disciplinary as the phenomena of Big Data is becoming common place. This book provides insight into the common workflows and data science tools used for big data in astronomy and geoscience. After establishing similarity in data gathering, pre-processing and handling, the data science aspects are illustrated in the context of both fields. Software, hardware and algorithms of big data are addressed. Finally, the book offers insight into the emerging science which combines data and expertise from both fields in studying the effect of cosmos on the earth and its inhabitants. Addresses both astronomy and geosciences in parallel, from a big data perspective Includes introductory information, key principles, applications and the latest techniques Well-supported by computing and information science-oriented chapters to introduce the necessary knowledge in these fields

Advances and Trends in Artificial Intelligence. From Theory to Practice

Advances and Trends in Artificial Intelligence. From Theory to Practice
34th International Conference on Industrial, Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2021, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, July 26–29, 2021, Proceedings, Part II

by Hamido Fujita

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030794636
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Big Data Analytics and Knowledge Discovery

Big Data Analytics and Knowledge Discovery
22nd International Conference, DaWaK 2020, Bratislava, Slovakia, September 14–17, 2020, Proceedings

by Min Song,Il-Yeol Song,Gabriele Kotsis,A Min Tjoa,Ismail Khalil

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2020-09-11
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 9783030590642
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The volume LNCS 12393 constitutes the papers of the 22nd International Conference Big Data Analytics and Knowledge Discovery which will be held online in September 2020. The 15 full papers presented together with 14 short papers plus 1 position paper in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 77 submissions. This volume offers a wide range to following subjects on theoretical and practical aspects of big data analytics and knowledge discovery as a new generation of big data repository, data pre-processing, data mining, text mining, sequences, graph mining, and parallel processing.

Computer Vision – ECCV 2020

Computer Vision – ECCV 2020
16th European Conference, Glasgow, UK, August 23–28, 2020, Proceedings, Part XXVI

by Andrea Vedaldi

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030585743
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Investing in Science

Investing in Science
Social Cost-Benefit Analysis of Research Infrastructures

by Massimo Florio

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2019-10-15
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 026204319X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A proposal for using cost-benefit analysis to evaluate the socioeconomic impact of public investment in large scientific projects. Large particle accelerators, outer space probes, genomics platforms: all are scientific enterprises managed through the new form of the research infrastructure, in which communities of scientists collaborate across nations, universities, research institutions, and disciplines. Such large projects are often publicly funded, with no accepted way to measure the benefits to society of these investments. In this book, Massimo Florio suggests the use of cost-benefit analysis (CBA) to evaluate the socioeconomic impact of public investment in large and costly scientific projects. The core concept of CBA of any infrastructure is to undertake the consistent intertemporal accounting of social welfare effects using the available information. Florio develops a simple framework for such accounting in the research infrastructure context and then offers a systematic analysis of the benefits in terms of the social agents involved. He measures the benefits to scientists, students, and postdoctoral researchers; the effect on firms of knowledge spillovers; the benefits to users of information technology and science-based innovation; the welfare effects on the general public of cultural services provided by RIs; and the willingness of taxpayers to fund scientific knowledge creation. Finally, Florio shows how these costs and benefits can be expressed in the form of stochastic net present value and other summary indicators.

The Data Industry

The Data Industry
The Business and Economics of Information and Big Data

by Chunlei Tang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-06-13
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 111913840X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides an introduction of the data industry to the field of economics This book bridges the gap between economics and data science to help data scientists understand the economics of big data, and enable economists to analyze the data industry. It begins by explaining data resources and introduces the data asset. This book defines a data industry chain, enumerates data enterprises’ business models versus operating models, and proposes a mode of industrial development for the data industry. The author describes five types of enterprise agglomerations, and multiple industrial cluster effects. A discussion on the establishment and development of data industry related laws and regulations is provided. In addition, this book discusses several scenarios on how to convert data driving forces into productivity that can then serve society. This book is designed to serve as a reference and training guide for ata scientists, data-oriented managers and executives, entrepreneurs, scholars, and government employees. Defines and develops the concept of a “Data Industry,” and explains the economics of data to data scientists and statisticians Includes numerous case studies and examples from a variety of industries and disciplines Serves as a useful guide for practitioners and entrepreneurs in the business of data technology The Data Industry: The Business and Economics of Information and Big Data is a resource for practitioners in the data science industry, government, and students in economics, business, and statistics. CHUNLEI TANG, Ph.D., is a research fellow at Harvard University. She is the co-founder of Fudan’s Institute for Data Industry and proposed the concept of the “data industry”. She received a Ph.D. in Computer and Software Theory in 2012 and a Master of Software Engineering in 2006 from Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

NASA Activities

NASA Activities
A Book

by United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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1968 NASA Authorization

1968 NASA Authorization
Hearings Before the Committee on Science and Astronautics, U.S. House of Representatives, Ninetieth Congress, First Session, on H.R. 4450, H. R. 6470 (superseded by H. R. 10340).

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Astronautics

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1967
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Committee Serial No. 2. Considers H.R. 4450 and H.R. 6470, superseded by H.R. 10340, to provide FY68 authorizations for NASA RPD programs, including the Apollo Program, for construction of facilities at field centers, and for administrative operations.

Hearings

Hearings
A Book

by United States. Congress. Senate

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1967
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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NASA EP.

NASA EP.
A Book

by United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1961
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aeronautics and Space Report of the President ... Activities

Aeronautics and Space Report of the President ... Activities
A Book

by United States. President

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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NASA Activities

NASA Activities
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Real Astronomy with Small Telescopes

Real Astronomy with Small Telescopes
Step-by-Step Activities for Discovery

by Michael Gainer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-06-04
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN : 1846285089
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book demonstrates the use of an 80mm refractor and shows how it can be used as a real scientific instrument. The author is an experienced small telescope user and an astronomy educator, and he provides step-by-step instructions for numerous scientific activities. Users will find many activities and projects suitable for an 80mm refractor or 90mm reflector or Maksutov that have not been published elsewhere. Emphasis is on measurement and discovery activities rather than on casual observing. This book will provide amateur observers with the knowledge and skill that will help them make genuine contributions to the field of astronomy.

The Astronomy Revolution

The Astronomy Revolution
400 Years of Exploring the Cosmos

by Donald G. York,Owen Gingerich,Shuang-Nan Zhang

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-11-28
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 1439836000
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Some 400 years after the first known patent application for a telescope by Hans Lipperhey, The Astronomy Revolution: 400 Years of Exploring the Cosmos surveys the effects of this instrument and explores the questions that have arisen out of scientific research in astronomy and cosmology. Inspired by the international New Vision 400 conference held in Beijing in October 2008, this interdisciplinary volume brings together expanded and updated contributions from 26 esteemed conference speakers and invited others. Looking beyond questions of science to the role of moral responsibility in human civilizations, the book offers the unique vantage points of contributions from both Eastern and Western cultures. Extensively illustrated in full color, this book consists of six parts. Aimed at young scientists, the first part presents perspectives on creativity and technology in scientific discovery. In the second part, contributors examine how the telescope has impacted our knowledge of the Universe—from the formation of galaxies to the death of stars. The third part of the book outlines some of the challenges we face in understanding dark matter, dark energy, black holes, and cosmic rays, and the fourth part discusses new technologies that will be useful in attacking new and unresolved questions. The fifth part of the book examines the intellectual impact that the telescope has had on society in China and in the West. The book concludes with an investigation of "big questions": What is the origin of the laws of physics as we know them? Are these laws the same everywhere? How do these scientific laws relate to the moral laws of society? Does what we know depend on cultural ways of asking the questions? Is there life elsewhere? And what about the questions that science cannot answer? Celebrating the historical significance of the telescope, this unique book seeks to inspire all those involved or interested in the enterprise of astronomy as humankind continues the quest to unveil the heavens.

The Large Hadron Collider

The Large Hadron Collider
The Greatest Adventure in Town and Ten Reasons Why it Matters, as Illustrated by the ATLAS Experiment

by Andrew J Millington

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2016-09-14
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 1786341395
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When the discovery of the Higgs Boson at CERN hit the headlines in 2012, the world was stunned by this achievement of modern science. Less well appreciated, however, were the many ways in which this benefited wider society. The Large Hadron Collider — The Greatest Adventure in Town charts a path through the cultural, economic and medical gains of modern particle physics. It illustrates these messages through the ATLAS experiment at CERN, one of the two big experiments which found the Higgs particle. Moving clear of in-depth physics analysis, it draws on the unparalleled curiosity about particle physics aroused by the Higgs discovery, and relates it to developments familiar in the modern world, including the Internet, its successor "The Grid", and the latest cancer treatments. In this book, advances made from developing the 27 kilometre particle accelerator and its detectors are presented with the benefit of first hand interviews and are extensively illustrated throughout. Interviewees are leading physicists including successive heads of ATLAS, a top historian of science, a highly original economic strategist, a Nobel Prize-winning geneticist and President of the Royal Society in London, and experts in many other fields. These informative and entertaining insights provide both specialists and non-specialists alike with a unique window into the world of modern international research and its often surprising consequences, as exemplified by the ATLAS experiment. The narrative reveals the extent and style of international collaboration necessary to achieve success, and how big companies as well as start-ups enhance their products in the process.

Teaching Big History

Teaching Big History
A Book

by Richard B. Simon,Mojgan Behmand,Thomas Burke

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 2014-12-23
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 0520283554
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Big History is a new field on a grand scale: it tells the story of the universe over time through a diverse range of disciplines that spans cosmology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, geology, evolutionary biology, anthropology, and archaeology, thereby reconciling traditional human history with environmental geography and natural history. Weaving the myriad threads of evidence-based human knowledge into a master narrative that stretches from the beginning of the universe to the present, the Big History framework helps students make sense of their studies in all disciplines by illuminating the structures that underlie the universe and the connections among them. Teaching Big History is a powerful analytic and pedagogical resource, and serves as a comprehensive guide for teaching Big History, as well for sharing ideas about the subject and planning a curriculum around it. Readers are also given helpful advice about the administrative and organizational challenges of instituting a general education program constructed around Big History. The book includes teaching materials, examples, and detailed sample exercises. This book is also an engaging first-hand account of how a group of professors built an entire Big History general education curriculum for first-year students, demonstrating how this thoughtful integration of disciplines exemplifies liberal education at its best and illustrating how teaching and learning this incredible story can be transformative for professors and students alike.

The University of Arizona's Lunar and Planetary Laboratory

The University of Arizona's Lunar and Planetary Laboratory
Its Founding and Early Years

by Ewen Adair Whitaker

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 78
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The New Cosmos

The New Cosmos
Answering Astronomy's Big Questions

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1107068851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Oxford Guide to the History of Physics and Astronomy

The Oxford Guide to the History of Physics and Astronomy
A Book

by John L. Heilbron

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2005-06-03
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0199883769
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With over 150 alphabetically arranged entries about key scientists, concepts, discoveries, technological innovations, and learned institutions, the Oxford Guide to Physics and Astronomy traces the history of physics and astronomy from the Renaissance to the present. For students, teachers, historians, scientists, and readers of popular science books such as Galileo's Daughter, this guide deciphers the methods and philosophies of physics and astronomy as well as the historical periods from which they emerged. Meant to serve the lay reader and the professional alike, this book can be turned to for the answer to how scientists learned to measure the speed of light, or consulted for neat, careful summaries of topics as complicated as quantum field theory and as vast as the universe. The entries, each written by a noted scholar and edited by J. L. Heilbron, Professor of History and Vice Chancellor, Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley, reflect the most up-to-date research and discuss the applications of the scientific disciplines to the wider world of religion, law, war, art and literature. No other source on these two branches of science is as informative or as inviting. Thoroughly cross-referenced and accented by dozens of black and white illustrations, the Oxford Guide to Physics and Astronomy is the source to turn to for anyone looking for a quick explanation of alchemy, x-rays and any type of matter or energy in between.