Download Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences Ebook PDF

Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences

Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences
A Book

by Murray Webster,Jane Sell

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-07-02
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 9780124046818
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

While there are many books available on statistical analysis of data from experiments, there is significantly less available on the design, development, and actual conduct of the experiments. Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences summarizes how to design and conduct scientifically sound experiments, be they from surveys, interviews, observations, or experimental methods. The book encompasses how to collect reliable data, the appropriate uses of different methods, and how to avoid or resolve common problems in experimental research. Case study examples illustrate how multiple methods can be used to answer the same research questions and what kinds of outcome would result from each methodology. Sound data begins with effective data collection. This book will assist students and professionals alike in sociology, marketing, political science, anthropology, economics, and psychology. Provides a comprehensive summary of issues in social science experimentation, from ethics to design, management, and financing Offers "how-to" explanations of the problems and challenges faced by everyone involved in social science experiments Pays attention to both practical problems and to theoretical and philosophical arguments Defines commonalities and distinctions within and among experimental situations across the social sciences

Lab Experiments are a Major Source of Knowledge in the Social Sciences

Lab Experiments are a Major Source of Knowledge in the Social Sciences
A Book

by Armin Falk,James J. Heckman

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 11
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Laboratory experiments are a widely used methodology for advancing causal knowledge in the physical and life sciences. With the exception of psychology, the adoption of laboratory experiments has been much slower in the social sciences, although during the last two decades, the use of lab experiments has accelerated. Nonetheless, there remains considerable resistance among social scientists who argue that lab experiments lack 'realism' and 'generalizability'. In this article we discuss the advantages and limitations of laboratory social science experiments by comparing them to research based on non-experimental data and to field experiments. We argue that many recent objections against lab experiments are misguided and that even more lab experiments should be conducted -- CESifo website.

Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences

Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences
A Book

by Murray Webster,Jane Sell

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-07-01
  • Pages : 534
  • ISBN : 0124051863
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

While there are many books available on statistical analysis of data from experiments, there is significantly less available on the design, development, and actual conduct of the experiments. Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences summarizes how to design and conduct scientifically sound experiments, be they from surveys, interviews, observations, or experimental methods. The book encompasses how to collect reliable data, the appropriate uses of different methods, and how to avoid or resolve common problems in experimental research. Case study examples illustrate how multiple methods can be used to answer the same research questions and what kinds of outcome would result from each methodology. Sound data begins with effective data collection. This book will assist students and professionals alike in sociology, marketing, political science, anthropology, economics, and psychology. Provides a comprehensive summary of issues in social science experimentation, from ethics to design, management, and financing Offers "how-to" explanations of the problems and challenges faced by everyone involved in social science experiments Pays attention to both practical problems and to theoretical and philosophical arguments Defines commonalities and distinctions within and among experimental situations across the social sciences

Diversity of Experimental Methods in Economics

Diversity of Experimental Methods in Economics
A Book

by Toshiji Kawagoe,Hirokazu Takizawa

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-02-09
  • Pages : 203
  • ISBN : 9811360650
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This is the first book that examines the diverse range of experimental methods currently being used in the social sciences, gathering contributions by working economists engaged in experimentation, as well as by a political scientist, psychologists and philosophers of the social sciences. Until the mid-twentieth century, most economists believed that experiments in the economic sciences were impossible. But that’s hardly the case today, as evinced by the fact that Vernon Smith, an experimental economist, and Daniel Kahneman, a behavioral economist, won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2002. However, the current use of experimental methods in economics is more diverse than is usually assumed. As the concept of experimentation underwent considerable abstraction throughout the twentieth century, the areas of the social sciences in which experiments are applied are expanding, creating renewed interest in, and multifaceted debates on, the way experimental methods are used. This book sheds new light on the diversity of experimental methodologies used in the social sciences. The topics covered include historical insights into the evolution of experimental methods; the necessary “performativity” of experiments, i.e., the dynamic interaction with the social contexts in which they are embedded; the application of causal inferences in the social sciences; a comparison of laboratory, field, and natural experiments; and the recent use of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in development economics. Several chapters also deal with the latest heated debates, such as those concerning the use of the random lottery method in laboratory experiments.

Designing Experiments for the Social Sciences

Designing Experiments for the Social Sciences
How to Plan, Create, and Execute Research Using Experiments

by Renita Coleman

  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Release : 2018-08-27
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 1506377335
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Designing Experiments for the Social Sciences: How to Plan, Create, and Execute Research Using Experiments is a practical, applied text for courses in experimental design. The text assumes that students have just a basic knowledge of the scientific method, and no statistics background is required. With its focus on how to effectively design experiments, rather than how to analyze them, the book concentrates on the stage where researchers are making decisions about procedural aspects of the experiment before interventions and treatments are given. Renita Coleman walks readers step-by-step on how to plan and execute experiments from the beginning by discussing choosing and collecting a sample, creating the stimuli and questionnaire, doing a manipulation check or pre-test, analyzing the data, and understanding and interpreting the results. Guidelines for deciding which elements are best used in the creation of a particular kind of experiment are also given. This title offers rich pedagogy, ethical considerations, and examples pertinent to all social science disciplines.

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research
Theory and Practice

by Gigi Foster

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-02-08
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN : 0128130938
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research: Theory and Practice demonstrates the use of biophysical measurement in laboratory-based experimental social science research and the ways biophysical measures can inform analyses of human behavior. Noting the practical limitations of laboratory-based biophysical measurement, its contributors provide hands-on guidance about biophysical measurement devices. Its Introductory and concluding chapters address ethics, measurement options, and historical and scientific contexts. Highlighting examples of device adoption in experimental social science lab settings, this book makes these tools understandable and accessible to all. Demonstrates the strengths and limitations of tools in both research objectives and practicality Provides hands-on guidance for device usage and data implementation, integration and assessment Compares and contrasts the uses of biophysical data in research objectives and disciplines

From Non Market Attitudes to Market Behavior

From Non Market Attitudes to Market Behavior
Laboratory Experiments in Moscow and the HVATAT Property of Human Behavior

by Ivan Menʹshikov,California Institute of Technology. Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 49
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Modern Organization Theory. CurrentAgendas in Institutional Theory

Modern Organization Theory. CurrentAgendas in Institutional Theory
The appropriateness of laboratory experiments for the organizational research

by Carolin Luckner

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014-11-26
  • Pages : 30
  • ISBN : 9783656830153
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2013 im Fachbereich BWL - Unternehmensfuhrung, Management, Organisation, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: This paper with the topic 'The appropriateness of laboratory experiments for the organizational research' was made in the frame of the seminar 'Current Agendas in Institutional Theory'. There are various forms and methods in organizational research. In addition to the observation, interviews and surveys inter alia there are also experiments. Since Galilei (1564 - 1642) the experiment counts to the methodological component of the natural sciences (cf. Stein 1990:7) Nevertheless, in the social sciences the experimental procedure find much later recognition and input. For this prejudices expressed by John Stuart Mill (1846) among others against the use of experiments in the social sciences have helped. He had the view that the necessary control in the experiment is not sufficient to provide (cf. ibid.).

Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences

Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences
A Book

by Byron Kaldis

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2013-04-02
  • Pages : 1145
  • ISBN : 1412986893
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

"This encyclopedia, magnificently edited by Byron Kaldis, will become a valuable source both of reference and inspiration for all those who are interested in the interrelation between philosophy and the many facets of the social sciences. A must read for every student of the humanities." Wulf Gaertner, University of Osnabrueck, Germany "Like all good works of reference this Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences is not to be treated passively: it provides clear and sometimes controversial material for constructive confrontation. It is a rich resource for critical engagement. The Encyclopedia conceived and edited by Byron Kaldis is a work of impressive scope and I am delighted to have it on my bookshelf." David Bloor, Edinburgh University "This splendid and possibly unique work steers a skilful course between narrower conceptions of philosophy and the social sciences. It will be an invaluable resource for students and researchers in either or both fields, and to anyone working on the interrelations between them." William Outhwaite, Newcastle University The Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences is the first of its kind in bringing the subjects of philosophy and the social sciences together. It is not only about the philosophy of the social sciences but, going beyond that, it is also about the relationship between philosophy and the social sciences. The subject of the Encyclopedia is purposefully multi- and inter-disciplinary. Knowledge boundaries are both delineated and crossed over. The goal is to convey a clear sense of how philosophy looks at the social sciences and to mark out a detailed picture of how the two are interrelated: interwoven at certain times but also differentiated and contrasted at others. The Entries cover topics of central significance but also those that are both controversial and on the cutting-edge, underlining the unique mark of this Encyclopedia: the interrelationship between philosophy and the social sciences, especially as it is found in fresh ideas and unprecedented hybrid disciplinary areas. The Encyclopedia serves a further dual purpose: it contributes to the renewal of the philosophy of the social sciences and helps to promote novel modes of thinking about some of its classic problems.

Social Scientific Research

Social Scientific Research
A Book

by Dawn Brancati

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2018-08-08
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1526452812
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

An engaging, practical introduction to research methods, guiding students through the challenges of developing a project, with abundant examples, activities and digital resources.

Advances in Experimental Political Science

Advances in Experimental Political Science
A Book

by James Druckman,Donald P. Green

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2021-04-01
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108804373
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Experimental political science has changed. In two short decades, it evolved from an emergent method to an accepted method to a primary method. The challenge now is to ensure that experimentalists design sound studies and implement them in ways that illuminate cause and effect. Ethical boundaries must also be respected, results interpreted in a transparent manner, and data and research materials must be shared to ensure others can build on what has been learned. This book explores the application of new designs; the introduction of novel data sources, measurement approaches, and statistical methods; the use of experiments in more substantive domains; and discipline-wide discussions about the robustness, generalizability, and ethics of experiments in political science. By exploring these novel opportunities while also highlighting the concomitant challenges, this volume enables scholars and practitioners to conduct high-quality experiments that will make key contributions to knowledge.

Modern Organization Theory. Current Agendas in Institutional Theory

Modern Organization Theory. Current Agendas in Institutional Theory
The appropriateness of laboratory experiments for the organizational research

by Carolin Luckner

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2014-11-06
  • Pages : 24
  • ISBN : 3656831750
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2013 im Fachbereich BWL - Unternehmensführung, Management, Organisation, , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: This paper with the topic ‘The appropriateness of laboratory experiments for the organizational research’ was made in the frame of the seminar ‘Current Agendas in Institutional Theory’. There are various forms and methods in organizational research. In addition to the observation, interviews and surveys inter alia there are also experiments. Since Galilei (1564 - 1642) the experiment counts to the methodological component of the natural sciences (cf. Stein 1990:7) Nevertheless, in the social sciences the experimental procedure find much later recognition and input. For this prejudices expressed by John Stuart Mill (1846) among others against the use of experiments in the social sciences have helped. He had the view that the necessary control in the experiment is not sufficient to provide (cf. ibid.).

Multi-Method Social Science

Multi-Method Social Science
Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Tools

by Jason Seawright

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2016-09-08
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 131679069X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Reflecting the rising popularity of research that combines qualitative and quantitative social science, Multi-Method Social Science provides the first systematic guide to designing multi-method research. It argues that methods can be productively combined using the framework of integrative multi-method research, with one method used to carry out a final causal inference, and methods from other traditions used to test the key assumptions involved in that causal inference. In making this argument, Jason Seawright considers a wide range of statistical tools including regression, matching, and natural experiments. The book also discusses qualitative tools including process tracing, the use of causal process observations, and comparative case study research. Along the way, the text develops over a dozen multi-method designs to test key assumptions about social science causation.

Social Research

Social Research
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
  • Release : 1998-11-11
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 1349148849
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

New Perspectives on Technology in Society

New Perspectives on Technology in Society
Experimentation Beyond the Laboratory

by Ibo van de Poel,Lotte Asveld,Donna C. Mehos

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-11-08
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 1315468239
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The development and introduction of a new technology to society can be viewed as an experimental process, full of uncertainties, which are only gradually reduced as the technology is employed. Unexpected developments may trigger an experimental process in which society must find new ways to deal with the uncertainties posed. This book explores how the experimental perspective determines what ethical issues new technologies raise and how it helps morally evaluate their introduction. Expert contributors highlight the uncertainties that accompany the process, identify the social and ethical challenges they give rise to, and propose strategies to manage them. Focusing on the introduction of new technologies and experimentation as ways to perceive new developments and changing contexts, a key theme of the book is how to approach the moral issues raised by new technology and understand the role of experimentation in exploring these matters.

Web Social Science

Web Social Science
Concepts, Data and Tools for Social Scientists in the Digital Age

by Robert Ackland

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2013-06-17
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1446281558
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

'Although written simply enough to be accessible to undergraduates, accomplished scholars are likely to appreciate it too. Reading it taught me quite a lot about a subject I thought I knew rather well. ' - Paul Vogt, Emeritus Professor, Illinois State University 'This book brings the art and science of building and applying innovative online research tools to students and faculty across the social sciences.' - Professor William H. Dutton, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford A comprehensive guide to the theory and practice of web Social Science. This book demonstrates how the web is being used to collect social research data, such as online surveys and interviews, as well as digital trace data from social media environments, such as Facebook and Twitter. It also illuminates how the advent of the web has led to traditional social science concepts and approaches being combined with those from other scientific disciplines, leading to new insights into social, political and economic behaviour. Situating social sciences in the digital age, this book aids: understanding of the fundamental changes to society, politics and the economy that have resulted from the advent of the web choice of appropriate data, tools and research methods for conducting research using web data learning how web data are providing new insights into long-standing social science research questions appreciation of how social science can facilitate an understanding of life in the digital age It is ideal for students and researchers across the social sciences, as well as those from information science, computer science and engineering who want to learn about how social scientists are thinking about and researching the web.

Experiments in Criminology and Law

Experiments in Criminology and Law
A Research Revolution

by Christine Horne,Michael J. Lovaglia

  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 199
  • ISBN : 9780742560284
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This volume illustrates how experimental methods, particularly laboratory experiments, can be useful for researchers studying crime, deviance, and law. With accompanying commentary from well-know criminologists and legal scholars, this book makes the case that laboratory experiments have strengths that complement those of traditional methods of field experiments.

The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences

The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences
A Book

by Ian C Jarvie,Jesus Zamora-Bonilla

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2011-02-17
  • Pages : 772
  • ISBN : 1446209717
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

- what is the relationship between the social sciences and the natural sciences? - where do today's dominant approaches to doing social science come from? - what are the main fissures and debates in contemporary social scientific thought? - how are we to make sense of seemingly contrasting approaches to how social scientists find out about the world and justify their claims to have knowledge of it? In this exciting handbook, Ian Jarvie and Jesús Zamora-Bonilla have put together a wide-ranging and authoritative overview of the main philosophical currents and traditions at work in the social sciences today. Starting with the history of social scientific thought, this handbook sets out to explore that core fundamentals of social science practice, from issues of ontology and epistemology to issues of practical method. Along the way it investigates such notions as paradigm, empiricism, postmodernism, naturalism, language, agency, power, culture, and causality. Bringing together in one volume leading authorities in the field from around the world, this book will be a must-have for any serious scholar or student of the social sciences.

Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
A Book

by Bart L. Weathington,Christopher J. L. Cunningham,David J. Pittenger

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-09-05
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 1119470099
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

A comprehensive introduction to research methods and bestpractices for designing,conducting, interpreting, and reportingfindings This text is designed to develop in students a passion forconducting research and an understanding of the practical value ofsystematic information- gathering and decision-making. It featuresstep-by-step coverage of the research process including researchdesign, statistical considerations, and guidance on writing up andpresenting results. Recognized leaders in the field—authors Bart Weathington,Christopher Cunningham, and David Pittenger—present: Introductions to multiple research designs—includingsingle-participant, multi-group, longitudinal, correlational, andexperimental designs—accompanied by examples Bibliographic research and methods for appropriate sampling Identifying, developing, and evaluating reliable and validapproaches to measurement The issues and steps common to all single-factor and multifactorstudies, as well as single-subject and nonexperimental methods How to summarize research in writing that conforms to theeditorial guidelines of the American Psychological Association A comprehensive review of research methods and the statisticalconcepts that support them, Research Methods for the Behavioraland Social Sciences offers the best techniques for studyingbehavior and social phenomena.

World as Laboratory

World as Laboratory
Experiments with Mice, Mazes, and Men

by Rebecca Lemov

  • Publisher : Hill and Wang
  • Release : 2006-11-28
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0374707294
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Deeply researched, World as Laboratory tells a secret history that's not really a secret. The fruits of human engineering are all around us: advertising, polls, focus groups, the ubiquitous habit of "spin" practiced by marketers and politicians. What Rebecca Lemov cleverly traces for the first time is how the absurd, the practical, and the dangerous experiments of the human engineers of the first half of the twentieth century left their laboratories to become our day-to-day reality.