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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
A Book

by Jagdish P. Singh,Surya Narayan Thakur

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2007-10-03
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 9780080551012
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is basically an emission spectroscopy technique where atoms and ions are primarily formed in their excited states as a result of interaction between a tightly focused laser beam and the material sample. The interaction between matter and high-density photons generates a plasma plume, which evolves with time and may eventually acquire thermodynamic equilibrium. One of the important features of this technique is that it does not require any sample preparation, unlike conventional spectroscopic analytical techniques. Samples in the form of solids, liquids, gels, gases, plasmas and biological materials (like teeth, leaf or blood) can be studied with almost equal ease. LIBS has rapidly developed into a major analytical technology with the capability of detecting all chemical elements in a sample, of real- time response, and of close-contact or stand-off analysis of targets. The present book has been written by active specialists in this field, it includes the basic principles, the latest developments in instrumentation and the applications of LIBS . It will be useful to analytical chemists and spectroscopists as an important source of information and also to graduate students and researchers engaged in the fields of combustion, environmental science, and planetary and space exploration. * Recent research work * Possible future applications * LIBS Principles

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Fundamentals and Applications

by Reinhard Noll

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-01-14
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 3642206689
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a comprehensive source of the fundamentals, process parameters, instrumental components and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). The effect of multiple pulses on material ablation, plasma dynamics and plasma emission is presented. A heuristic plasma modeling allows to simulate complex experimental plasma spectra. These methods and findings form the basis for a variety of applications to perform quantitative multi-element analysis with LIBS. These application potentials of LIBS have really boosted in the last years ranging from bulk analysis of metallic alloys and non-conducting materials, via spatially resolved analysis and depth profiling covering measuring objects in all physical states: gaseous, liquid and solid. Dedicated chapters present LIBS investigations for these tasks with special emphasis on the methodical and instrumental concepts as well as the optimization strategies for a quantitative analysis. Requirements, concepts, design and characteristic features of LIBS instruments are described covering laboratory systems, inspections systems for in-line process control, mobile systems and remote systems. State-of-the-art industrial applications of LIBS systems are presented demonstrating the benefits of inline process control for improved process guiding and quality assurance purposes.

Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
A Book

by David A. Cremers,Leon J. Radziemski

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-03-15
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 1118567366
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Starting from fundamentals and moving through a thorough discussion of equipment, methods, and techniques, the Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy provides a unique reference source that will be of value for many years to come for this important new analysis method. The authors, with a total of over 60 years of experience in the LIBS method, use a combination of tutorial discussions ranging from basic principles up to more advanced descriptions along with extensive figures and photographs to clearly explain topics addressed in the text. In this second edition, chapters on the use of statistical analysis and advances in detection of weapons of mass destruction have been added. Tables of data related to analysis with LIBS have been updated. The Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Second Edition: provides a thorough but understandable discussion of the basic principles of the method based on atomic emission spectroscopy, including recently available data leading to better characterization of the LIBS plasma; presents a discussion of the many advantages of the method along with limitations, to provide the reader a balanced overview of capabilities of the method; describes LIBS instrumentation ranging from basic set-ups to more advanced configurations; presents a comprehensive discussion of the different types of components (laser, spectrometers, detectors) that can be used for LIBS apparatuses along with suggestions for their use, as well as an up-to-date treatment of the newest advances and capabilities of LIBS instruments; presents the analytical capabilities of the method in terms of detection limits, accuracy, and precision of measurements for a variety of different sample types; discusses methods of sampling different media such as gases, liquids, and solids; presents an overview of some real-world applications of the method, with new emphasis on sampling of biologically and physically dangerous materials; provides an up-to-date list of references to LIBS literature along with the latest detection limits and a unique list of element detection limits using a uniform analysis method; provides annotated examples of LIBS spectra which can serve as references for the general reader and will be especially useful for those starting out in the field.

Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
A Book

by David A. Cremers,Leon J. Radziemski

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2006-06-26
  • Pages : 283
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Starting from fundamentals and moving through a thorough discussion of equipment, methods, and techniques, this text provides a unique reference source for this important new analysis method. The authors use a combination of tutorial discussions ranging from basic principles up to more advanced descriptions along with extensive figures and photographs to clearly explain topics addressed in the text. It is intended that the data tables will be located within the Education section of SpectroscopyNOW.com Provides a thorough but understandable discussion of the basic principles, instrumentation, methodology, and sampling procedures of the method based on atomic emission spectroscopy. Presents a discussion of the many advantages of the method along with limitations, to provide the reader a balanced overview of capabilities of the method Presents an overview of some real-world applications of the method Provides an up-to-date list of references to LIBS literature and a unique list of element detection limits using a uniform analysis method

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Theory and Applications

by Sergio Musazzi,Umberto Perini

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-07-08
  • Pages : 565
  • ISBN : 3642450857
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book deals with the Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) a widely used atomic emission spectroscopy technique for elemental analysis of materials. It is based on the use of a high-power, short pulse laser excitation. The book is divided into two main sections: the first one concerning theoretical aspects of the technique, the second one describing the state of the art in applications of the technique in different scientific/technological areas. Numerous examples of state of the art applications provide the readers an almost complete scenario of the LIBS technique. The LIBS theoretical aspects are reviewed. The book helps the readers who are less familiar with the technique to understand the basic principles. Numerous examples of state of the art applications give an almost complete scenario of the LIBS technique potentiality. These examples of applications may have a strong impact on future industrial utilization. The authors made important contributions to the development of this field.

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
A Book

by Jagdish P. Singh,Surya Narayan Thakur

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-02
  • Pages : 620
  • ISBN : 0128188308
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Second Edition, covers the basic principles and latest developments in instrumentation and applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). Written by active experts in the field, it serves as a useful resource for analytical chemists and spectroscopists, as well as graduate students and researchers engaged in the fields of combustion, environmental science, and planetary and space exploration. This fully revised second edition includes several new chapters on new LIBS techniques as well as several new applications, including flame and off-gas measurement, pharmaceutical samples, defense applications, carbon sequestration and site monitoring, handheld instruments, and more. LIBS has rapidly developed into a major analytical technology with the capability of detecting all chemical elements in a sample, of real- time response, and of close-contact or stand-off analysis of targets. It does not require any sample preparation, unlike conventional spectroscopic analytical techniques. Samples in the form of solids, liquids, gels, gases, plasmas, and biological materials (like teeth, leaves, or blood) can be studied with almost equal ease. This comprehensive reference introduces the topic to readers in a simple, direct, and accessible manner for easy comprehension and maximum utility. Covers even more applications of LIBS beyond the first edition, including combustion, soil physics, environment, and life sciences Includes new chapters on LIBS techniques that have emerged in the last several years, including Femtosecond LIBS and Molecular LIBS Provides inspiration for future developments in this rapidly growing field in the concluding chapter

Laser-induced Breakdown Spectrometry

Laser-induced Breakdown Spectrometry
A Book

by Yong-Ill Lee,Kyuseok Song,Joseph Sneddon

  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 9781560728399
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When the output from a pulsed laser is forced onto a small spot of a sample, optically induced plasma, called laser-induced plasma (LIP) is formed at the surface. The plasma is formed when the laser power density exceeds the breakdown threshold value of the surface. The plasma can be used in sampling but is proposed as a source for atomic emission spectrometry (AES). In this case the technique is referred to as laser induced breakdown (emission) spectrometry (LIBS). The spectrally and temporally resolved detection and subsequent determination of the specific atomic emission reveals analytical information about the elemental composition of the sample, including solids, liquids and gases. This book is devoted to the analytical technique of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry. An introduction covering some basic principles of atomic emission spectrometry, analytical performance characteristics, and a comparison to more conventional techniques provides background information for the reader. The book is then conveniently divided into three parts: the first part described the instrumentation required and options available, the second part on fundamental studies of the laser plasma, and the third part on applications. Finally the future development of LIBS is presented.

Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)

Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)
A New Spectrochemical Technique

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We have used the breakdown spark from a focused laser beam to generate analytically useful emission spectra of minor constituents in air and other carrier gases. The medium was sampled directly. It was not necessary to reduce the sample to solution nor to introduce electrodes. The apparatus is particularly simple; a pulsed laser, spectrometer, and some method for time resolution. The latter is essential in laser-induced-breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) because of the strong early continuum. High temperatures in the spark result in vaporization of small particles, dissociation of molecules, and excitation of atomic and ionic spectra, including species which are normally difficult to detect. In one application, we have monitored beryllium in air at conventrations below 1 .mu.g/m3, which is below 1 ppB (w/w). In another we have monitored chlorine and fluorine atoms in real time. LIBS has the potential for real-time direct sampling of contaminants in situ.

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
A Practical and Tutorial Approach

by Yong-Ill Lee,Joseph Sneddon

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-02-15
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 9781466512764
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Offering a tutorial approach for beginners and a practical approach for applications oriented scientists, this book is a useful manual for scientists who plan to study LIBS and set up the instrumentation. The authors discuss the pros and cons of various LIBS techniques and systems. They also cover the characteristic features of LIBS instrumentation development during the last several decades and evaluate their performance. The book supplies practical procedures on how to systematically set up the instruments on several LIBS systems and how to use the systems for specific applications.

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Its Application to Solution Samples

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Its Application to Solution Samples
A Book

by Helen Antony Archontaki

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Guide to Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

A Guide to Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
A Book

by Pablo A. Foster

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 173
  • ISBN : 9781536189940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This compilation focuses on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, a technique that provides a versatile qualitative and quantitative analysis of any sample. The authors present perspectives on the current trends in the use of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for insulation condition monitoring. A guide to laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy as a classification tool is provided, along with combinations of well-established classification algorithms with laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and their implementation schemes"--

Applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) to International Safeguards

Applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) to International Safeguards
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) for Material Analysis

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) for Material Analysis
Spectroscopy Analysis

by Mohannad H. Hussein

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016-02-18
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN : 9783659830105
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Investigation of a Carbon Rod Atomization System for Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Investigation of a Carbon Rod Atomization System for Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
A Book

by James Robert Ridge

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Industrial Applications of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Industrial Applications of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
A Book

by Yoshihiro Deguchi

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is an analytical detection technique based on atomic emission spectroscopy to measure elemental composition. With the development of lasers and detection systems, applications of LIBS encompass a broad range, including physics, engineering, space missions, environment, et cetera due to the unique features of little or no sample preparation, noncontact, fast response, and multielemental analysis. The fundamental and application have been extensively studied to improve LIBS technique. This chapter largely targets the engineering fields, especially practical applications. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy will be discussed in this chapter including its fundamentals, industrial applications, and challenges.

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Capabilities and Applications

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Capabilities and Applications
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 32
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This work provides a review of the capabilities and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL). By coupling advances in LIBS hardware and analysis software, ARL has expanded the capabilities of LIBS significantly. LIBS uses a focused, pulsed laser to ablate a target material, generating a transient microplasma which emits light characteristic of the sample composition. It is a real-time sensor technology which requires no sample preparation and provides universal materials detection for solids, liquids, and aerosols. Applications investigated at ARL in recent years include the standoff detection of explosive residues and other hazardous materials, plastic landmine discrimination, and material characterization of various metal alloys and polymers.

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Detection of Organic Residues

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Detection of Organic Residues
Impact of Ambient Atmosphere and Laser Parameters

by Christopher G. Brown

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 297
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is showing great potential as an atomic analytical technique. With its ability to rapidly analyze all forms of matter, with little-to-no sample preparation, LIBS has many advantages over conventional atomic emission spectroscopy techniques. With the maturation of the technologies that make LIBS possible, there has been a growing movement to implement LIBS in portable analyzers for field applications. In particular, LIBS has long been considered the front-runner in the drive for stand-off detection of trace deposits of explosives. Thus there is a need for a better understanding of the relevant processes that are responsible for the LIBS signature and their relationships to the different system parameters that are helping to improve LIBS as a sensing technology. This study explores the use of LIBS as a method to detect random trace amounts of specific organic materials deposited on organic or non-metallic surfaces. This requirement forces the limitation of single-shot signal analysis. This study is both experimental and theoretical, with a sizeable component addressing data analysis using principal components analysis to reduce the dimensionality of the data, and quadratic discriminant analysis to classify the data. In addition, the alternative approach of 'target factor analysis' was employed to improve detection of organic residues on organic substrates. Finally, a new method of characterizing the laser-induced plasma of organics, which should lead to improved data collection and analysis, is introduced. The comparison between modeled and experimental measurements of plasma temperatures and electronic density is discussed in order to improve the present models of low-temperature laser induced plasmas.

Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)

Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)
Fundamentals and Applications

by Andrzej W. Miziolek,V. Palleschi,Israel Schechter

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014-05-14
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 9780511246692
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first comprehensive reference explaining the fundamentals of the LIBS phenomenon, its history and its fascinating applications across eighteen chapters written by recognized leaders in the field. This book will be of significant interest to researchers in chemical and materials analysis within academia and industry.

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) for the Measurement of Spatial Structures and Fuel Distribution in Flames

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) for the Measurement of Spatial Structures and Fuel Distribution in Flames
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bio-distribution of Lithium Investigated Using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Bio-distribution of Lithium Investigated Using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
A Book

by Irfan Ahmed

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 110
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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