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Laser Surface Modification of Alloys for Corrosion and Erosion Resistance

Laser Surface Modification of Alloys for Corrosion and Erosion Resistance
A Book

by C T Kwok

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-03-20
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 0857095838
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion and erosion processes often occur synergistically to cause serious damage to metal alloys. Laser surface modification techniques such as laser surface melting or alloying are being increasingly used to treat surfaces to prevent corrosion or repair corroded or damaged components. Laser surface modification of alloys for corrosion and erosion resistance reviews the wealth of recent research on these important techniques and their applications. After an introductory overview, part one reviews the use of laser surface melting and other techniques to improve the corrosion resistance of stainless and other steels as well as nickel-titanium and a range of other alloys. Part two covers the use of laser surface modification to prevent different types of erosion, including liquid impingement, slurry (solid particle) and electrical erosion as well as laser remanufacturing of damaged components. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Laser surface modification of alloys for corrosion and erosion resistance is a standard reference for all those concerned with preventing corrosion and erosion damage in metallic components in sectors as diverse as energy production and electrical engineering. Reviews recent research on the use of laser surface modification techniques, including the prevention of corrosion and repair of corroded or damaged components Discusses the techniques for improving the corrosion resistance of steels, nickel-titanium and a range of alloys Analyses the use of laser surface modification to prevent different types of erosion, including liquid impingement and laser remanufacturing of damaged components

Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials

Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials
Techniques and Applications

by Rui Vilar

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-04-15
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 0081009429
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials: Techniques and Applications covers this expanding field, which has many potential applications, including biomaterials. Laser surface modification of biomaterials enables the production of hybrid materials with different functionality in the bulk as well as the thin, sub-micrometer surface layer. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of the technology and its applications. Chapters in Part 1 look at the techniques and considerations of laser surface modification, while Part 2 reviews laser surface modification techniques of the most important classes of biomaterials, with a final set of chapters discussing application specific laser surface modification. Offers a comprehensive review of laser surface modification techniques Presents recent developments, fundamentals, and progress in laser surface modification Reviews laser surface modification applications across a range of materials Emphasizes applications in biomaterials

Handbook of Metal Injection Molding

Handbook of Metal Injection Molding
A Book

by Donald F Heaney

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-06-11
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 0857096230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal injection molding combines the most useful characteristics of powder metallurgy and plastic injection molding to facilitate the production of small, complex-shaped metal components with outstanding mechanical properties. The Handbook of metal injection molding provides an authoritative guide to this important technology and its applications. Part one discusses the fundamentals of the metal injection molding process with chapters on topics such as component design, important powder characteristics, compound manufacture, tooling design, molding optimization, debinding, and sintering. Part two provides a detailed review of quality issues, including feedstock characterisation, modeling and simulation, methods to qualify a MIM process, common defects and carbon content control. Special metal injection molding processes are the focus of part three, which provides comprehensive coverage of micro components, two material/two color structures, and porous metal techniques. Finally, part four explores metal injection molding of particular materials, including stainless steels, titanium and titanium alloys, thermal management alloys, high speed tool steels, heavy alloys, refractory metals, hard metals and soft magnetic alloys. With its distinguished editor and expert team of international contributors, the Handbook of metal injection molding is an essential guide for all those involved in the high-volume manufacture of small precision parts, across a wide range of high-tech industries such as microelectronics, biomedical and aerospace engineering. Provides an authoritative guide to metal injection molding and its applications Discusses the fundamentals of the metal injection molding processes and covers topics such as component design, important powder characteristics, compound manufacture, tooling design, molding optimization, debinding, and sintering Comprehensively examines quality issues such as feedstock characterization, modeling and simulation, common defects and carbon content control

Comprehensive Energy Systems

Comprehensive Energy Systems
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-02-07
  • Pages : 5540
  • ISBN : 0128149256
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive Energy Systems provides a unified source of information covering the entire spectrum of energy, one of the most significant issues humanity has to face. This comprehensive book describes traditional and novel energy systems, from single generation to multi-generation, also covering theory and applications. In addition, it also presents high-level coverage on energy policies, strategies, environmental impacts and sustainable development. No other published work covers such breadth of topics in similar depth. High-level sections include Energy Fundamentals, Energy Materials, Energy Production, Energy Conversion, and Energy Management. Offers the most comprehensive resource available on the topic of energy systems Presents an authoritative resource authored and edited by leading experts in the field Consolidates information currently scattered in publications from different research fields (engineering as well as physics, chemistry, environmental sciences and economics), thus ensuring a common standard and language

Laser Cladding of Metals

Laser Cladding of Metals
A Book

by Pasquale Cavaliere

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-11-05
  • Pages : 441
  • ISBN : 3030531953
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser cladding is an additive manufacturing technology capable of producing coatings due to the surface fusion of metals. The selected powder is fed into a focused laser beam to be melted and deposited as coating. This allows to apply material in a selected way onto those required sections of complex components. The process main properties are the production of a perfect metallurgically bonded and fully dense coatings; the minimal heat affected zone and low dilution between the substrate and filler material resulting in functional coatings that perform at reduced thickness, so fewer layers are applied; fine, homogeneous microstructure resulting from the rapid solidification rate that promotes wear resistance of carbide coatings; near net-shape weld build-up requires little finishing effort; extended weldability of sensitive materials like carbon-rich steels or nickel-based superalloys that are difficult or even impossible to weld using conventional welding processes; post-weld heat treatment is often eliminated as the small heat affected zone minimizes component stress; excellent process stability and reproducibility because it is numerical controlled welding process. The typical applications are the dimensional restoration; the wear and corrosion protection; additive manufacturing. The wide range of materials that can be deposited and its suitability for treating small areas make laser cladding particularly appropriate to tailor surface properties to local service requirements and it opens up a new perspective for surface engineered materials. The main key aspect to be scientifically and technologically explored are the type of laser; the powders properties; the processing parameters; the consequent microstructural and mechanical properties of the processed material; the capability of fabrication of prototypes to rapid tooling and rapid manufacturing. Distills critical concepts, methods, and applications from leading full-length chapters, along with the authors’s own deep understanding of the material taught, into a concise yet rigorous graduate and advanced undergraduate text; Reinforces concepts covered with detailed solutions to illuminating and challenging industrial applications; Discusses current and future applications of laser cladding in additive manufacturing.

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architectural Nanostructures

Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architectural Nanostructures
Current Prospects and Future Trends

by Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Ahmed Barhoum

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2018-03-22
  • Pages : 668
  • ISBN : 0128135166
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emerging Applications of Nanoparticles and Architecture Nanostructures: Current Prospects and Future Trends discusses the most important current applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in a comprehensive, detailed manner. The book covers major applications of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual shapes and high surface areas. In particular, coverage is given to applications in aerospace, automotive, batteries, sensors, smart textile design, energy conversion, color imaging, printing, computer chips, medical implants, pharmacy, cosmetics, and more. In addition, the book discusses the future of research in these areas. This is a valuable reference for both materials scientists, chemical and mechanical engineers working both in R&D and academia who want to learn more on how nanoparticles and nanomaterials are commercially applied. Provides an in-depth look at the properties of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures in terms of their applicability for industrial uses Analyzes the most recent advances and industrial applications of different types of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures, taking into account their unusual structures and compositions Identifies novel nanometric particles and architectures that are of particular value for applications and the techniques required to use them effectively

Advances in High-Entropy Alloys

Advances in High-Entropy Alloys
Materials Research, Exotic Properties and Applications

by Jiro Kitagawa

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2021-09-22
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN : 1838810781
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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High-entropy alloys (HEAs) are a new class of materials attracting attention from researchers all over the world. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the research on HEAs, as well as discusses the mechanical, physical, and chemical properties of new HEAs and their potential applications. Chapters cover such topics as HEA superconductors, HEA composites, high-entropy superalloys, artificial intelligence in HEA design, and more.

Laser Processing: Surface Treatment and Film Deposition

Laser Processing: Surface Treatment and Film Deposition
A Book

by J. Mazumder,O. Conde,R. Vilar,W. Steen

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 944
  • ISBN : 9400901976
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Synthesis of nonequilibrium metallic phases has been an area of great interest to the materials processing community since early 1960. Inherent rapid cooling rates in laser processing are being used to engineer non-equilibrium microstructures which cannot be rivaled by other processes. This lecture will discuss the phenomena involved and its application in designing materials with tailored properties. What is non-equilibrium Synthesis? This is a synthesis method to produce binary or higher order materials where kinetics of the pro cess affects the transport of the constituent elements during phase transformation resulting in a composition or crystallographic configuration which is different from what is observed when the elements arranges themselves with the lowest possible Gibbs Free energy, which is the equilibrium condition. Figure 1 illustrates the phenomena. Phase diagram under equilibrium condition is illustrated by the solid line whereas the no-equilibrium phase diagram is represented by the dotted line. One can observe the shrinkage of the phase field under non-equilibrium condition. Any alloy composition between the solidus lines of the equilibrium and non-equilibrium phase diagram will be a non equilibrium alloys with extended solid solution.

Laser Surface Treatment of Metals

Laser Surface Treatment of Metals
A Book

by C.W. Draper,Paolo Mazzoldi

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 700
  • ISBN : 9400944683
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, San Miniato, Italy, September 2-13, 1985

Rare Earth-Based Corrosion Inhibitors

Rare Earth-Based Corrosion Inhibitors
A Book

by Maria Forsyth,Bruce Hinton

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-08-12
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 0857093584
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion inhibitors are an important method for minimizing corrosion; however traditional inhibitors such as chromates pose environmental problems. Rare earth metals provide an important, environmentally-friendly alternative. This book provides a comprehensive review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Chapter 1 begins by examining the important need to replace chromate, and then goes on to discuss the chemistry of the rare earth metals and their related compounds. Chapter 2 considers the techniques that can be used to identify corrosion inhibition mechanisms and to test the levels of protection offered to different metals by rare earth compounds. Subsequent chapters consider in more detail how rare earth elements can be used as corrosion inhibitors in different forms and for different metals. This includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Finally, chapter 10 considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them. Provides a review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them.

Underground Pipeline Corrosion

Underground Pipeline Corrosion
A Book

by Mark Orazem

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-02-17
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 0857099264
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Underground pipelines transporting liquid petroleum products and natural gas are critical components of civil infrastructure, making corrosion prevention an essential part of asset-protection strategy. Underground Pipeline Corrosion provides a basic understanding of the problems associated with corrosion detection and mitigation, and of the state of the art in corrosion prevention. The topics covered in part one include: basic principles for corrosion in underground pipelines, AC-induced corrosion of underground pipelines, significance of corrosion in onshore oil and gas pipelines, numerical simulations for cathodic protection of pipelines, and use of corrosion inhibitors in managing corrosion in underground pipelines. The methods described in part two for detecting corrosion in underground pipelines include: magnetic flux leakage, close interval potential surveys (CIS/CIPS), Pearson surveys, in-line inspection, and use of both electrochemical and optical probes. While the emphasis is on pipelines transporting fossil fuels, the concepts apply as well to metallic pipes for delivery of water and other liquids. Underground Pipeline Corrosion is a comprehensive resource for corrosion, materials, chemical, petroleum, and civil engineers constructing or managing both onshore and offshore pipeline assets; professionals in steel and coating companies; and academic researchers and professors with an interest in corrosion and pipeline engineering. Reviews the causes and considers the detection and prevention of corrosion to underground pipes Addresses a lack of current, readily available information on the subject Case studies demonstrate how corrosion is managed in the underground pipeline industry

Encyclopedia of Iron, Steel, and Their Alloys (Online Version)

Encyclopedia of Iron, Steel, and Their Alloys (Online Version)
A Book

by Rafael Colás,George E. Totten

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-01-06
  • Pages : 4038
  • ISBN : 1000031675
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first of many important works featured in CRC Press’ Metals and Alloys Encyclopedia Collection, the Encyclopedia of Iron, Steel, and Their Alloys covers all the fundamental, theoretical, and application-related aspects of the metallurgical science, engineering, and technology of iron, steel, and their alloys. This Five-Volume Set addresses topics such as extractive metallurgy, powder metallurgy and processing, physical metallurgy, production engineering, corrosion engineering, thermal processing, metalworking, welding, iron- and steelmaking, heat treating, rolling, casting, hot and cold forming, surface finishing and coating, crystallography, metallography, computational metallurgy, metal-matrix composites, intermetallics, nano- and micro-structured metals and alloys, nano- and micro-alloying effects, special steels, and mining. A valuable reference for materials scientists and engineers, chemists, manufacturers, miners, researchers, and students, this must-have encyclopedia: Provides extensive coverage of properties and recommended practices Includes a wealth of helpful charts, nomograms, and figures Contains cross referencing for quick and easy search Each entry is written by a subject-matter expert and reviewed by an international panel of renowned researchers from academia, government, and industry. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) e-reference@taylorandfrancis.com International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) online.sales@tandf.co.uk

Corrosion of Austenitic Stainless Steels

Corrosion of Austenitic Stainless Steels
Mechanism, Mitigation and Monitoring

by H S Khatak,B Raj

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2002-10-14
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0857094017
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive study covers all types of corrosion of austenitic stainless steel. It also covers methods for detecting corrosion and investigating corrosion-related failure, together with guidelines for improving corrosion protection of steels. Details all types of corrosion of austenitic stainless steel Covers methods for detecting corrosion and investigating corrosion-related failure Outlines guidelines for improving corrosion protection of steels

Iron Ore

Iron Ore
Mineralogy, Processing and Environmental Sustainability

by Liming Lu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-07-24
  • Pages : 666
  • ISBN : 1782421599
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Iron Ore: Mineralogy, Processing and Environmental Issues summarizes recent, key research on the characterization of iron ores, including important topics such as beneficiation (separation and refining), agglomeration (e.g., production of pellets or powders), blast furnace technology for smelting, and environmental issues relating to its production. The text is an ideal reference on the topic during a time when iron ore production has increased significantly, driven by increasing demand from countries such as India and China. Provides a comprehensive overview of the global iron ore industry, exploring its characteristics and characterization Expert analysis of quality requirements for iron production, iron ore agglomeration technologies, environmental issues, and low-emission technologies Timely text to accompany the increased iron ore production occurring in developing countries like India and China

Future Development of Thermal Spray Coatings

Future Development of Thermal Spray Coatings
Types, Designs, Manufacture and Applications

by Nuria Espallargas

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-06-29
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 0857097741
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Future Development of Thermal Spray Coatings discusses the latest developments and research trends in the thermal spray industry. The book presents a timely guide to new applications and techniques. After an introduction to thermal spray coatings by the editor, Part One covers new types and properties of thermal spray coatings. Chapters look at feedstock suspensions and solutions, the application of solution precursor spray techniques to obtain ceramic films and coatings, cold spray techniques and warm spray technology amongst others. Part Two of the book moves on to discuss new applications for thermal spray coatings such as the use of thermal spray coatings in environmental barrier coatings, thermal spray coatings in renewable energy applications and manufacturing engineering in thermal spray technologies by advanced robot systems and process kinematics. Timely guide on the current advancements and research trends in thermal spray technology Reviews different types of thermal spray coatings Presents a wide variety of applications for this emerging technology

Handbook of Smart Coatings for Materials Protection

Handbook of Smart Coatings for Materials Protection
A Book

by Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-02-22
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN : 0857096885
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A smart coating is defined as one that changes its properties in response to an environmental stimulus. The Handbook of Smart Coatings for Materials Protection reviews the new generation of smart coatings for corrosion and other types of material protection. Part one explores the fundamentals of smart coatings for materials protection including types, materials, design, and processing. Chapters review corrosion processes and strategies for prevention; smart coatings for corrosion protection; techniques for synthesizing and applying smart coatings; multi-functional, self-healing coatings; and current and future trends of protective coatings for automotive, aerospace, and military applications. Chapters in part two focus on smart coatings with self-healing properties for corrosion protection, including self-healing anticorrosion coatings for structural and petrochemical engineering applications; smart self-healing coatings for corrosion protection of aluminum alloys, magnesium alloys and steel; smart nanocoatings for corrosion detection and control; and recent advances in polyaniline-based organic coatings for corrosion protection. Chapters in part three move on to highlight other types of smart coatings, including smart self-cleaning coatings for corrosion protection; smart polymer nanocomposite water- and oil-repellent coatings for aluminum; UV-curable organic polymer coatings for corrosion protection of steel; smart epoxy coatings for early detection of corrosion in steel and aluminum; and structural ceramics with self-healing properties. The Handbook of Smart Coatings for Materials Protection is a valuable reference for those concerned with preventing corrosion, particularly of metals, professionals working within the surface coating industries, as well as all those with an academic research interest in the field. Reviews the new generation of smart coatings for corrosion and other types of material protection Explores the fundamentals of smart coatings for materials protection including types, materials, design, and processing Includes a focus on smart coatings with self-healing properties for corrosion protection

Advances in Powder Metallurgy

Advances in Powder Metallurgy
Properties, Processing and Applications

by Isaac Chang,Yuyuan Zhao

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-08-31
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 085709890X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Powder metallurgy (PM) is a popular metal forming technology used to produce dense and precision components. Different powder and component forming routes can be used to create an end product with specific properties for a particular application or industry. Advances in powder metallurgy explores a range of materials and techniques used for powder metallurgy and the use of this technology across a variety of application areas. Part one discusses the forming and shaping of metal powders and includes chapters on atomisation techniques, electrolysis and plasma synthesis of metallic nanopowders. Part two goes on to highlight specific materials and their properties including advanced powdered steel alloys, porous metals and titanium alloys. Part three reviews the manufacture and densification of PM components and explores joining techniques, process optimisation in powder component manufacturing and non-destructive evaluation of PM parts. Finally, part four focusses on the applications of PM in the automotive industry and the use of PM in the production of cutting tools and biomaterials. Advances in powder metallurgy is a standard reference for structural engineers and component manufacturers in the metal forming industry, professionals working in industries that use PM components and academics with a research interest in the field. Discusses the forming and shaping of metal powders and includes chapters on atomisation techniques Highlights specific materials and their properties including advanced powdered steel alloys, porous metals and titanium alloys Reviews the manufacture and densification of PM components and explores joining techniques

Corrosion Resistance

Corrosion Resistance
A Book

by Shih

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2012-03-30
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 9535104675
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book has covered the state-of-the-art technologies, development, and research progress of corrosion studies in a wide range of research and application fields. The authors have contributed their chapters on corrosion characterization and corrosion resistance. The applications of corrosion resistance materials will also bring great values to reader's work at different fields. In addition to traditional corrosion study, the book also contains chapters dealing with energy, fuel cell, daily life materials, corrosion study in green materials, and in semiconductor industry.

Bridging the Centuries with SAMPE's Materials and Processes Technology

Bridging the Centuries with SAMPE's Materials and Processes Technology
Long Beach Convention Center, Long Beach California, May 21-25, 2000

by Steve Loud

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 0938994867
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aluminium Alloys

Aluminium Alloys
Recent Trends in Processing, Characterization, Mechanical behavior and Applications

by Subbarayan Sivasankaran

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-12-21
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 9535136976
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The major issue of energy saving and conservation of the environment in the world is being emphasized to us to concentrate on lightweight materials in which aluminium alloys are contributing more in applications in the twenty-first century. Aluminium and its related materials possess lighter weight, considerable strength, more corrosion resistance and ductility. Especially from the past one decade, the use of aluminium alloys is increasing in construction field, transportation industries, packaging purposes, automotive, defence, aircraft and electrical sectors. Around 85% is being used in the form of wrought products, which replace the use of cast iron. Further, the major features of aluminium alloy are recyclability and its abundant availability in the world. In general, aluminium and its related materials are being processed via casting, drawing, forging, rolling, extrusion, welding, powder metallurgy process, etc. To improve the physical and mechanical properties, scientists are doing more research and adding some second-phase particles in to it called composites in addition to heat treatment. Therefore, to explore more in this field, the present book has been aimed and focused to bridge all scientists who are working in this field. The main objective of the present book is to focus on aluminium, its alloys and its composites, which include, but are not limited to, the various processing routes and characterization techniques in both macro- and nano-levels.