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Handbook of the History of Logic: Logic: a history of its central concepts

Handbook of the History of Logic: Logic: a history of its central concepts
A Book

by Dov M. Gabbay,John Hayden Woods

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of the History of Logic: Logic: A History of its Central Concepts

Handbook of the History of Logic: Logic: A History of its Central Concepts
A Book

by Dov M. Gabbay,Francis Jeffry Pelletier,John Hayden Woods

  • Publisher : North-Holland
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 708
  • ISBN : 9780444529374
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of the History of Logic is a multi-volume research instrument that brings to the development of logic the best in modern techniques of historical and interpretative scholarship. It is the first work in English in which the history of logic is presented so extensively. The volumes are numerous and large. Authors have been given considerable latitude to produce chapters of a length, and a level of detail, that would lay fair claim on the ambitions of the project to be a definitive research work. Authors have been carefully selected with this aim in mind. They and the Editors join in the conviction that a knowledge of the history of logic is nothing but beneficial to the subject's present-day research programmes. One of the attractions of the Handbook's several volumes is the emphasis they give to the enduring relevance of developments in logic throughout the ages, including some of the earliest manifestations of the subject. Covers in depth the notion of logical consequence Discusses the central concept in logic of modality Includes the use of diagrams in logical reasoning

Logic: A History of its Central Concepts

Logic: A History of its Central Concepts
A Book

by Dov M. Gabbay,Francis Jeffry Pelletier,John Woods

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2012-12-31
  • Pages : 708
  • ISBN : 0080931707
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of the History of Logic is a multi-volume research instrument that brings to the development of logic the best in modern techniques of historical and interpretative scholarship. It is the first work in English in which the history of logic is presented so extensively. The volumes are numerous and large. Authors have been given considerable latitude to produce chapters of a length, and a level of detail, that would lay fair claim on the ambitions of the project to be a definitive research work. Authors have been carefully selected with this aim in mind. They and the Editors join in the conviction that a knowledge of the history of logic is nothing but beneficial to the subject's present-day research programmes. One of the attractions of the Handbook's several volumes is the emphasis they give to the enduring relevance of developments in logic throughout the ages, including some of the earliest manifestations of the subject. Covers in depth the notion of logical consequence Discusses the central concept in logic of modality Includes the use of diagrams in logical reasoning

Supplements

Supplements
From the Earliest Essays to Being and Time and Beyond

by Martin Heidegger

  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Release : 2012-02-01
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 0791487954
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive anthology of Heidegger's early essays.

Language, Logic, and Mathematics in Schopenhauer

Language, Logic, and Mathematics in Schopenhauer
A Book

by Jens Lemanski

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-06-08
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 3030330907
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The chapters in this timely volume aim to answer the growing interest in Arthur Schopenhauer’s logic, mathematics, and philosophy of language by comprehensively exploring his work on mathematical evidence, logic diagrams, and problems of semantics. Thus, this work addresses the lack of research on these subjects in the context of Schopenhauer’s oeuvre by exposing their links to modern research areas, such as the “proof without words” movement, analytic philosophy and diagrammatic reasoning, demonstrating its continued relevance to current discourse on logic. Beginning with Schopenhauer’s philosophy of language, the chapters examine the individual aspects of his semantics, semiotics, translation theory, language criticism, and communication theory. Additionally, Schopenhauer’s anticipation of modern contextualism is analyzed. The second section then addresses his logic, examining proof theory, metalogic, system of natural deduction, conversion theory, logical geometry, and the history of logic. Special focus is given to the role of the Euler diagrams used frequently in his lectures and their significance to broader context of his logic. In the final section, chapters discuss Schopenhauer’s philosophy of mathematics while synthesizing all topics from the previous sections, emphasizing the relationship between intuition and concept. Aimed at a variety of academics, including researchers of Schopenhauer, philosophers, historians, logicians, mathematicians, and linguists, this title serves as a unique and vital resource for those interested in expanding their knowledge of Schopenhauer’s work as it relates to modern mathematical and logical study.

Introduction to Logic and Logical Discourse

Introduction to Logic and Logical Discourse
A Book

by Satya Sundar Sethy

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9811626898
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Categories for the Working Philosopher

Categories for the Working Philosopher
A Book

by Elaine Landry

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017-11-17
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 019106582X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Often people have wondered why there is no introductory text on category theory aimed at philosophers working in related areas. The answer is simple: what makes categories interesting and significant is their specific use for specific purposes. These uses and purposes, however, vary over many areas, both "pure", e.g., mathematical, foundational and logical, and "applied", e.g., applied to physics, biology and the nature and structure of mathematical models. Borrowing from the title of Saunders Mac Lane's seminal work "Categories for the Working Mathematician", this book aims to bring the concepts of category theory to philosophers working in areas ranging from mathematics to proof theory to computer science to ontology, from to physics to biology to cognition, from mathematical modeling to the structure of scientific theories to the structure of the world. Moreover, it aims to do this in a way that is accessible to non-specialists. Each chapter is written by either a category-theorist or a philosopher working in one of the represented areas, and in a way that builds on the concepts that are already familiar to philosophers working in these areas.

The Road to Universal Logic

The Road to Universal Logic
Festschrift for the 50th Birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau

by Arnold Koslow,Arthur Buchsbaum

  • Publisher : Birkhäuser
  • Release : 2015-06-10
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 3319153684
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This second volume of a collection of papers offers new perspectives and challenges in the study of logic. It is presented in honor of the fiftieth birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau. The papers touch upon a wide range of topics including paraconsistent logic, quantum logic, geometry of oppositions, categorical logic, computational logic, fundamental logic notions (identity, rule, quantification) and history of logic (Leibniz, Peirce, Hilbert). The volume gathers personal recollections about Jean-Yves Béziau and an autobiography, followed by 25 papers written by internationally distinguished logicians, mathematicians, computer scientists, linguists and philosophers, including Irving Anellis, Dov Gabbay, Ivor Grattan-Guinness, Istvan Németi, Henri Prade. These essays will be of interest to all students and researchers interested in the nature and future of logic.

Science Communication

Science Communication
A Book

by Annette Leßmöllmann,Marcelo Dascal,Thomas Gloning

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2019-12-16
  • Pages : 737
  • ISBN : 3110393212
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Table of contents Annette Leßmöllmann and Thomas Gloning Preface – V Annette Leßmöllmann and Thomas Gloning Introduction to the volume – XI I Perspectives of research on scholarly and science communication Gregor Betz and David Lanius 1 Philosophy of science for science communication in twenty-two questions – 3 Friederike Hendriks and Dorothe Kienhues 2 Science understanding between scientific literacy and trust: contributions from psychological and educational research – 29 Hans-Jürgen Bucher 3 The contribution of media studies to the understanding of science communication – 51 Mike S. Schäfer, Sabrina H. Kessler and Birte Fähnrich 4 Analyzing science communication through the lens of communication science: Reviewing the empirical evidence – 77 Hannah Schmid-Petri and Moritz Bürger 5 Modeling science communication: from linear to more complex models – 105 Gábor Á. Zemplén 6 The contribution of laboratory studies, science studies and Science and Technology Studies (STS) to the understanding of scientific communication – 123 Nina Janich 7 The contribution of linguistics and semiotics to the understanding of science communication – 143 Britt-Marie Schuster 8 The contribution of terminology research to the understanding of science communication – 167 Thorsten Pohl 9 The study of student academic writing – 187 II Text types, media, and practices of science communication Thomas Gloning 10 Epistemic genres – 209 Luc Pauwels 11 On the nature and role of visual representations in knowledge production and science communication – 235 Henning Lobin 12 The lecture and the presentation – rhetorics and technology – 257 Sylvia Jaworska 13 Spoken language in science and the humanities – 271 Gerd Fritz 14 Scholarly reviewing – 289 Gerd Fritz 15 Scientific controversies – 311 Thomas Gloning 16 Symbolic notation in scientific communication: a panorama – 335 Michel Serfati † 17 The rise of symbolic notation in scientific communication: the case of mathematics – 357 Benedetto Lepori and Sara Greco 18 Grant proposal writing as a dialogic process – 377 III Science, scientists, and the public Wolf-Andreas Liebert 19 Communicative strategies of popularization of science (including science exhibitions, museums, magazines) – 399 Sharon Dunwoody 20 Science journalism – 417 Holger Wormer 21 Teaching science journalism as a blueprint for future journalism education – 439 Charlotte Autzen and Emma Weitkamp 22 Science communication and public relations: beyond borders – 465 Philipp Schrögel and Christian Humm 23 Science communication, advising, and advocacy in public debates – 485 Philipp Niemann, Laura Bittner, Christiane Hauser and Philipp Schrögel 24 Forms of science presentations in public settings – 515 IV Historical perspectives on science communication Thomas Gloning 25 Historical perspectives on internal scientific communication – 547 Michael Prinz 26 Academic teaching: the lecture and the disputation in the history of erudition and science – 569 Monika Hanauska 27 Historical aspects of external science communication – 585 V Science communication: present and future Martina Franzen 28 Reconfigurations of science communication research in the digital age – 603 Peter Reuter and Andreas Brandtner 29 The library in a changing world of scientific communication – 625 Mareike König 30 Scholarly communication in social media – 639 Annette Leßmöllmann 31 Current trends and future visions of (research on) science communication – 657

Negation and Nonveridicality in the History of Greek

Negation and Nonveridicality in the History of Greek
A Book

by Katerina Chatzopoulou

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2018-11-01
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0191021180
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a thorough investigation of the expression of sentential negation in the history of Greek. It draws on both quantitative data from texts dating from three major stages of vernacular Greek (Attic Greek, Koine, and Late Medieval Greek), and qualitative data from all stages of the language, from Homeric Greek to Standard Modern Greek. Katerina Chatzopoulou accounts for the contrast between the two complementary negators found in Greek, referred to as a NEG1 and NEG2, in terms of the latter's sensitivity to nonveridicality, and explains the asymmetry observed in the diachronic development of the Greek negator system. The volume also sets out a new interpretation of Jespersen's cycle, which abstracts away from the morphosyntactic and phonological properties of the phenomenon and proposes instead that it is best understood in semantic terms. This approach not only explains the patterns observed in Greek, but also those found in other languages that deviate from the traditional description of Jespersen's cycle.

Introduction To Mathematical Logic (Extended Edition)

Introduction To Mathematical Logic (Extended Edition)
A Book

by Michal Walicki

  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release : 2016-08-12
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9814719986
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a systematic and well-paced introduction to mathematical logic. Excellent as a course text, the book presupposes only elementary background and can be used also for self-study by more ambitious students.Starting with the basics of set theory, induction and computability, it covers propositional and first order logic — their syntax, reasoning systems and semantics. Soundness and completeness results for Hilbert's and Gentzen's systems are presented, along with simple decidability arguments. The general applicability of various concepts and techniques is demonstrated by highlighting their consistent reuse in different contexts.Unlike in most comparable texts, presentation of syntactic reasoning systems precedes the semantic explanations. The simplicity of syntactic constructions and rules — of a high, though often neglected, pedagogical value — aids students in approaching more complex semantic issues. This order of presentation also brings forth the relative independence of syntax from the semantics, helping to appreciate the importance of the purely symbolic systems, like those underlying computers.An overview of the history of logic precedes the main text, while informal analogies precede introduction of most central concepts. These informal aspects are kept clearly apart from the technical ones. Together, they form a unique text which may be appreciated equally by lecturers and students occupied with mathematical precision, as well as those interested in the relations of logical formalisms to the problems of computability and the philosophy of logic.This revised edition contains also, besides many new exercises, a new chapter on semantic paradoxes. An equivalence of logical and graphical representations allows us to see vicious circularity as the odd cycles in the graphical representation and can be used as a simple tool for diagnosing paradoxes in natural discourse.

Expressive Meaning Across Linguistic Levels and Frameworks

Expressive Meaning Across Linguistic Levels and Frameworks
A Book

by Andreas Trotzke,Xavier Villalba

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2021-08-26
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 019887121X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume is the first to explore the formal linguistic expressions of emotions at different levels of linguistic complexity. It brings together work from different linguistic frameworks and sheds light on the interaction between linguistic expressions and the 'expressive dimension' of language.

The Logical Legacy of Nikolai Vasiliev and Modern Logic

The Logical Legacy of Nikolai Vasiliev and Modern Logic
A Book

by Vladimir Markin,Dmitry Zaitsev

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-11-21
  • Pages : 221
  • ISBN : 3319661620
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume offers a wide range of both reconstructions of Nikolai Vasiliev’s original logical ideas and their implementations in the modern logic and philosophy. A collection of works put together through the international workshop "Nikolai Vasiliev’s Logical Legacy and the Modern Logic," this book also covers foundations of logic in the light of Vasiliev’s contradictory ontology. Chapters range from a look at the Heuristic and Conceptual Background of Vasiliev's Imaginary Logic to Generalized Vasiliev-style Propositions. It includes works which cover Imaginary and Non-Aristotelian Logics, Inconsistent Set Theory and the Expansion of Mathematical Thinking, Plurivalent Logic, and the Impact of Vasiliev's Imaginary Logic on Epistemic Logic. The Russian logician, Vasiliev, was widely recognized as one of the forerunners of modern non-classical logic. His "imaginary logic" developed in some of his work at the beginning of 20th century is often considered to be one of the first systems of paraconsistent and multi-valued logic. The novelty of his logical project has opened up prospects for modern logic as well as for non-classical science in general. This volume contains a selection of papers written by modern specialists in the field and deals with various aspects of Vasiliev's logical ideas. The logical legacy of Nikolai Vasiliev can serve as a promising source for developing an impressive range of philosophical interpretations, as it marries promising technical innovations with challenging philosophical insights.

The History of Philosophical and Formal Logic

The History of Philosophical and Formal Logic
From Aristotle to Tarski

by Alex Malpass,Marianna Antonutti Marfori

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2017-06-29
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1472507177
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The History of Philosophical and Formal Logic introduces ideas and thinkers central to the development of philosophical and formal logic. From its Aristotelian origins to the present-day arguments, logic is broken down into four main time periods: Antiquity and the Middle Ages (Aristotle and The Stoics) The early modern period (Bolzano, Boole) High modern period (Frege, Peano & Russell and Hilbert) Early 20th century (Godel and Tarski) Each new time frame begins with an introductory overview highlighting themes and points of importance. Chapters discuss the significance and reception of influential works and look at historical arguments in the context of contemporary debates. To support independent study, comprehensive lists of primary and secondary reading are included at the end of chapters, along with exercises and discussion questions. By clearly presenting and explaining the changes to logic across the history of philosophy, The History of Philosophical and Formal Logic constructs an easy-to-follow narrative. This is an ideal starting point for students looking to understand the historical development of logic.

The A to Z of Logic

The A to Z of Logic
A Book

by Harry J. Gensler

  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 0810875969
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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First published in 2006 as Historical dictionary of logic in Scarecrow's Historical dictionaries of religions, philosophies, and movements series.

Between Reason and History

Between Reason and History
Habermas and the Idea of Progress

by David S. Owen

  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Release : 2012-02-01
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 0791488470
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first book-length treatment in English of Habermas’s theory of social evolution and progress.

Building

Building
Letters 1960-1975

by Isaiah Berlin

  • Publisher : Random House
  • Release : 2013-08-31
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 1448191343
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the period covered here (1960–75) Isaiah Berlin creates Wolfson College, Oxford; John F. Kennedy becomes US President (and is assassinated); Berlin dines with JFK on the day he is told of the Soviet missile bases in Cuba; the Six-Day Arab–Israeli war of 1967 creates problems that are still with us today; Richard M. Nixon succeeds Johnson as US President and resigns over Watergate; and the long agony of the Vietnam War grinds on in the background. At the same time Berlin publishes some of his most important work, including Four Essays on Liberty – the key texts of his liberal pluralism – and the essays later included in Vico and Herder. He talks on the radio, appears on television and in documentary films and gives numerous lectures, especially his celebrated Mellon Lectures, later published as The Roots of Romanticism. Behind these public events is a constant stream of gossip and commentary, acerbic humour and warm personal feeling. Berlin writes about an enormous range of topics to a sometimes dazzling cast of correspondents. This new volume leaves no doubt that Berlin is one of the very best letter-writers of the twentieth century.

Psychoanalyzing Cinema

Psychoanalyzing Cinema
A Productive Encounter with Lacan, Deleuze, and Zizek

by jan jagodzinski

  • Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
  • Release : 2012-09-14
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN : 0230338550
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Brings together and compares/contrasts the writing/influence of the two most important theorists in film studies today: Gilles Deleuze and Slavoj Zizek.

The SAGE Handbook of Historical Theory

The SAGE Handbook of Historical Theory
A Book

by Nancy Partner,Sarah Foot

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2013-01-31
  • Pages : 527
  • ISBN : 1412931142
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The editors introduce the core areas of current debate within historical theory, bringing the reader as up to date with continuing debates and current developments as is possible. This important handbook brings together in one volume discussions of the role of modernity, empiricism, realism, post-modernity and deconstruction in the historian’s craft. Chapters are written by leading writers from around the world and cover a wide spread of historical sub-disciplines, such as social history, intellectual history, narrative, gender, memory, psycho-analysis and cultural studies, taking in, along the way, the work of thinkers such as Paul Ricouer, Michel Foucault and Hayden White.

A Defense of Rule

A Defense of Rule
Origins of Political Thought in Greece and India

by Stuart Gray

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017-03-01
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0190636327
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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At its core, politics is all about relations of rule. Accordingly one of the central preoccupations of political theory is what it means for human beings to rule over one another or share in a process of ruling. While political theorists tend to regard rule as a necessary evil, this book aims to explain how rule need not be understood as anathema to political life. Rather, by looking at some of the earliest traditions of political thought we can rethink rule in ways that evoke stewardship rather than domination. Stuart Gray argues that hierarchical ideas about rule coevolved with political divisions between the human and non-human in western theory. The earliest discernible Greek thought advanced an instrumental relationship between humans and their environment, a position that has persisted into our current age. While this seems a defensible position, Gray points out that such instrumental understandings of the nonhuman world have gotten us into serious trouble, including problems of deforestation, global warming, rising sea levels, species loss, and peak oil. To rethink the concept of rule, A Defense of Rule turns to early Indian political thought that suggests that rule is a relationship predicated on stewardship. The book compares these two traditions of thought in order to suggest that we have a normative duty to the environment, and thus to act in a way that takes the interests of non-human nature into account. Basing his argument on his own original translations of primary sources in ancient Greek and Sanskrit, Gray shows when and how early concepts of rule evolved to justify divisions between the human and nonhuman. In doing so, he argues for a reconsideration of our duties toward the nonhuman natural world.