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Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences

Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences
A Book

by Michel Lamothe

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-12-15
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9780128172445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Luminescence Dating in the Natural Sciences covers the exponential number of applications and significant advances in methodology that have come to light since the early 2000s. It addition, it presents other aspects of the topic, including luminescence physics, its solid-state phenomenology, and theoretical and applied dosimetry. This book bridges the divide between users and practitioners of luminescence dating by reaching a large community of users in geology, geomorphology and archaeology. It will appeal to students, faculty members and private industry researchers, providing a brief discussion of the basic principles of luminescence dating. These principles will be further illustrated through case studies that examine both the potential and the limitations of luminescence dating. Covers basic physics and solid-state background principles Features case studies that illuminate both the potential and limitations of luminescence dating Includes instructions for recently developed technical tools, statistical packages, and field and laboratory protocols

Methods in Dating and Other Applications using Luminescence

Methods in Dating and Other Applications using Luminescence
A Book

by James K. Feathers

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-12-14
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 3039287923
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Trapped charge dating is a commonly used chronological tool in Earth Sciences and Archaeology. The two principle methods are luminescence dating and electron spin resonance. Both are based on stored energy produced by the absorption of natural radioactivity in common minerals such as quartz and feldspars, and in some biological materials such as tooth enamel. Methodological developments in the last 20 years have substantially increased the accuracy and precision of these methods. This compilation offers a taste of the recent research into both method and applications.

The Rhine-Meuse System in a New Light

The Rhine-Meuse System in a New Light
Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dating and Its Application to Fluvial Deposits

by Jakob Wallinga

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences

Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Luminescence Dating in Archaeology, Anthropology, and Geoarchaeology

Luminescence Dating in Archaeology, Anthropology, and Geoarchaeology
An Overview

by Ioannis Liritzis,Ashok Kumar Singhvi,James K. Feathers,Gunther A. Wagner,Annette Kadereit,Nikolaos Zacharias,Sheng-Hua Li

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-07-05
  • Pages : 70
  • ISBN : 3319001701
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The field of Luminescence Dating has reached a level of maturity. Both research and applications from all fields of archaeological science, from archaeological materials to anthropology and geoarchaeology, now routinely employ luminescence dating. The advent of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques and the potential for exploring a spectrum of grain aliquots enhanced the applicability, accuracy and the precision of luminescence dating. The present contribution reviews the physical basis, mechanisms and methodological aspects of luminescence dating; discusses advances in instrumentations and facilities, improvements in analytical procedures, and statistical treatment of data along with some examples of applications across continents, covering all periods (Middle Palaeolithic to Medieval) and both Old and New World archaeology. They also include interdisciplinary applications that contribute to palaeo-landscape reconstruction.

Recent Progress of Natural Sciences in Japan

Recent Progress of Natural Sciences in Japan
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) Dating in the Amazonian Wetlands

Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) Dating in the Amazonian Wetlands
A Book

by Sonia Hatsue Tatumi,Dilce de Fátima Rossetti,Emílio Alberto Amaral Soares

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2020-07-09
  • Pages : 146
  • ISBN : 1527556069
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating has proven to be extremely useful for establishing the Late Quaternary chronological framework in many areas of the Brazilian territory. In this region dominated by tropical climate, OSL dating can be more extensively applied than radiocarbon dating due to the generally low potential for the preservation of organic matter in sedimentary samples. This problem is especially critical in areas of the Amazonian lowlands, because of the hot climate and high precipitation rates. The abundance of quartz grains deposited in fluvial and aeolian environments over this region favours OSL dating. More than 20 years of continuous and collaborative work has resulted in the creation of an extensive OSL age database for Late Quaternary sedimentary deposits in the Amazonian lowlands. This effort has contributed to improving the paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic reconstructions of this region within this period. This book discusses the state of art of OSL dating of Late Quaternary deposits in the Amazonian lowlands, focusing on providing an introduction to dating principles using OSL, and defining the application of OSL techniques as a dating method. It also offers a statistical study and calculation of equivalent dose and annual dose rates, details the sampling and experimental apparatus, and considers the difficulties and adaptation techniques in dating Late Quaternary strata in the Amazonian lowlands.

Thermoluminescence Dating

Thermoluminescence Dating
A Book

by Martin Jim Aitken

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Art and Archaeology Technical Abstracts

Art and Archaeology Technical Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry
A Book

by L. Boetter-Jensen,S.W.S. McKeever,A.G. Wintle

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2003-10-24
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 9780080538075
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) has become the technique of choice for many areas of radiation dosimetry. The technique is finding widespread application in a variety of radiation dosimetry fields, including personal monitoring, environmental monitoring, retrospective dosimetry (including geological dating and accident dosimetry), space dosimetry, and many more. In this book we have attempted to synthesize the major advances in the field, covering both fundamental understanding and the many applications. The latter serve to demonstrate the success and popularity of OSL as a dosimetry method. The book is designed for researchers and radiation dosimetry practitioners alike. It delves into the detailed theory of the process from the point of view of stimulated relaxation phenomena, describing the energy storage and release processes phenomenologically and developing detailed mathematical descriptions to enable a quantitative understanding of the observed phenomena. The various stimulation modes (continuous wave, pulsed, or linear modulation) are introduced and compared. The properties of the most important synthetic OSL materials beginning with the dominant carbon-doped Al2O3, and moving through discussions of other, less-well studied but nevertheless important, or potentially important, materials. The OSL properties of the two most important natural OSL dosimetry material types, namely quartz and feldspars are discussed in depth. The applications chapters deal with the use of OSL in personal, environmental, medical and UV dosimetry, geological dating and retrospective dosimetry (accident dosimetry and dating). Finally the developments in instrumentation that have occurred over the past decade or more are described. The book will find use in those laboratories within academia, national institutes and the private sector where research and applications in radiation dosimetry using luminescence are being conducted. Potential readers include personnel involved in radiation protection practice and research, hospitals, nuclear power stations, radiation clean-up and remediation, food irradiation and materials processing, security monitoring, geological and archaeological dating, luminescence studies of minerals, etc.

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments

Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments
Volume 1: Basin Analysis, Coring, and Chronological Techniques

by William M. Last,John P. Smol

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-04-11
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN : 030647669X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Origins of fallout radionuclides Sediment records of fallout radionuclides Simple dating models Vertical mixing Numerical techniques Radiometric techniques Discussion Summary Acknowledgements References 10. chronostratigraphic techniques in paleolimnology. Svante Björck & Barbara Wohlfarth 205 Introduction Methods and problems Radiocarbon-dating different fractions of the sediment as a chronostratigraphic tool Dating of long (old) stratigraphies High resolution dating and wiggle matching dating versus absolute dating techniques of lacustrine sediments Concluding remarks Summary Useful www addresses Acknowledgements References 11. Varve chronology techniques. Scott Lamoureux 247 Introduction Methods Summary and future directions Acknowledgements References 12. Luminescence dating. Olav B. Lian & D. J. Huntley 261 Introduction The mechanism responsible for luminescence Dating and estimation of the paleodose Thermoluminescence dating Optical dating Evaluating the environmental dose rate xi Sample collection and preparation What types of depositional environments are suitable for luminescence dating? What can lead to an inaccurate optical age? Summary Acknowledgements References 13. Electron spin resonance (ESR) dating in lacustrine environments. Bonnie A. B. Blackwell 283 Introduction Principles of ESR analysis Sample collection ESR analysis ESR microscopy and other new techniques Applications and datable materials in limnological settings Summary Acknowledgements References 14. Use of paleomagnetism in studies of lake sediments. John King & John Peck 371 Introduction Recording fidelity of geomagnetic behavior by sediments Field and laboratory methods Holocene SV records Magnetostratigraphic studies of Neogene lake sediments Excursions, short events and relative paleointensity Conclusions Summary References 15. Amino acid racemization (AAR) dating and analysis in lacustrine environments.

Science-based Dating in Archaeology

Science-based Dating in Archaeology
A Book

by Martin Jim Aitken

  • Publisher : Addison-Wesley Longman Limited
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 9780582054981
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A discussion of the various scientific methods used to help in the dating of archaeological finds. It covers such aspects as radiocarbon dating, magnetic dating, amino acid racemization, obsidian hydration and other chemical methods plus luminescence dating and electron spin resonance.

Archaeology, a Bibliographical Guide to the Basic Literature

Archaeology, a Bibliographical Guide to the Basic Literature
A Book

by Robert Fleming Heizer,Thomas R. Hester,Carol Graves

  • Publisher : New York : Garland Pub.
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science

Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2006-11-24
  • Pages : 3576
  • ISBN : 0080547826
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The quaternary sciences constitute a dynamic, multidisciplinary field of research that has been growing in scientific and societal importance in recent years. This branch of the Earth sciences links ancient prehistory to modern environments. Quaternary terrestrial sediments contain the fossil remains of existing species of flora and fauna, and their immediate predecessors. Quaternary science plays an integral part in such important issues for modern society as groundwater resources and contamination, sea level change, geologic hazards (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis), and soil erosion. With over 360 articles and 2,600 pages, many in full-color, the Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science provides broad ranging, up-to-date articles on all of the major topics in the field. Written by a team of leading experts and under the guidance of an international editorial board, the articles are at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with the latest information in the field. Also available online via ScienceDirect (2006) – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. 360 individual articles written by prominent international authorities, encompassing all important aspects of quaternary science Each entry provides comprehensive, in-depth treatment of an overview topic and presented in a functional, clear and uniform layout Reference section provides guidence for further research on the topic Article text supported by full-color photos, drawings, tables, and other visual material Writing level is suited to both the expert and non-expert

Luminescence

Luminescence
An Outlook on the Phenomena and their Applications

by Jagannathan Thirumalai

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-11-10
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 9535127624
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of this book is to give readers a broad review of topical worldwide advancements in theoretical and experimental facts, instrumentation and practical applications erudite by luminescent materials and their prospects in dealing with different types of luminescence like photoluminescence, electroluminescence, thermo-luminescence, triboluminescence, bioluminescence design and applications. The additional part of this book deals with the dynamics, rare-earth ions, photon down-/up-converting materials, luminescence dating, lifetime, bioluminescence microscopical perspectives and prospects towards the basic research or for more advanced applications. This book is divided into four main sections: luminescent materials and their associated phenomena; photo-physical properties and their emerging applications; thermoluminescence dating: from theory to applications, and bioluminescence perspectives and prospects. Individual chapters should serve the broad spectrum of common readers of diverse expertise, layman, students and researchers, who may in this book find easily elucidated fundamentals as well as progressive principles of specific subjects associated with these phenomena. This book was created by 14 contributions from experts in different fields of luminescence and technology from over 20 research institutes worldwide.

Asian Perspectives

Asian Perspectives
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Santorini

Santorini
Volcano, Natural History, Mythology

by Walter L. Friedrich

  • Publisher : ISD LLC
  • Release : 2009-10-27
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 8779347479
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When the Greek island of Santorini, classically known as Thera, erupted dramatically in 1613 BC (+/- 13 years), it produced one of the largest explosions ever witnessed, thereby possibly giving rise to the legend of Atlantis. This so-called 'Minoan' eruption triggered tsunamis that devastated coastal settlements in the region, and on Santorini it left behind a Bronze Age Pompeii, which is currently being excavated. Thriving Bronze Age settlements on the island - rich in colorful wall paintings and highly sophisticated pottery - were buried under thick layers of volcanic ash. The ejection of an immense volume of dust into the atmosphere also altered global climate for several years. The author, a well-known geologist, blends the thrill of scientific discovery with a popular presentation of the geology, archeology, history, peoples, and environmental settings of the island group of Santorini. He not only gives a comprehensive overview of the volcanic island and its past, but also reports on the latest discoveries: The finding, for example, of the olive trees which had been buried alive by the Minoan eruption has made it possible now to give a direct and precise radiocarbon date for the volcanic catastrophe. Furthermore, he seeks to assign certain geological structures, such as faulted rocks, red lavas and harbor sites, as depicted on the Bronze Age frescos from Santorini, to still-existing details in the Santorini landscape of today. Excellent color photographs and illustrations along with easily understandable scientific and historic details will make this book highly appealing to a wide audience. It will also be useful as a supplementary text for introductory courses in earth and atmospheric science, geology, volcanology, and paleoclimatology, as well as ancient history and archeology.

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science
A Book

by Maurice Schwartz

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-11-08
  • Pages : 1213
  • ISBN : 1402038801
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new Encyclopedia of Coastal Science stands as the latest authoritative source in the field of coastal studies, making it the standard reference work for specialists and the interested lay person. Unique in its interdisciplinary approach. This Encyclopedia features contributions by 245 well-known international specialists in their respective fields and is abundantly illustrated with line-drawings and photographs. Not only does this volume offer an extensive number of entries, it also includes various appendices, an illustrated glossary of coastal morphology and extensive bibliographic listings.

Earth Sciences and Archaeology

Earth Sciences and Archaeology
A Book

by Paul Goldberg,Vance T. Holliday,C. Reid Ferring

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-11
  • Pages : 513
  • ISBN : 1461511836
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume brings together contributions from an experienced group of archaeologists and geologists whose common objective is to present thorough and current reviews of the diverse ways in which methods from the earth sciences can contribute to archaeological research. Many areas of research are addressed here, including artifact analysis and sourcing, landscape reconstruction and site formation analysis, soil micromorphology and geophysical exploration of buried sites.

Australian Aboriginal Studies

Australian Aboriginal Studies
Journal of the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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