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Marine Environmental Impact of Seawater Desalination

Marine Environmental Impact of Seawater Desalination
Science, Management, and Policy

by Nurit Kress

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-03-15
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 0128119535
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marine Environmental Impact of Seawater Desalination: Science, Management and Policy combines existing studies with the personal research of the author into a unified work describing the effects of seawater desalination on marine environments. In particular, the book identifies knowledge gaps and recommends future research paths that may be taken. The book covers the current and emerging desalination processes, how environmental factors impact desalination operations and the historical and potential impacts of seawater desalination on the marine environment. This book is ideal as a reference for engineers and developers working towards mitigation and prevention of environmental impacts. In addition, scientists and researchers in environmental studies programs, as well as regulators and decision makers will find the data presented in the book to be useful as a guide for building and operating desalination plants. Provides a multidisciplinary approach to help readers understand the environmental impact of seawater desalination on the marine environment Presents environmental effects based on real data, helping the reader improve processes and mitigate effects Includes possible future effects, thus directing the reader towards important research issues

Seawater Desalination

Seawater Desalination
Impacts of Brine and Chemical Discharge on the Marine Environment

by Sabine Lattemann,Thomas Höpner

  • Publisher : Balaban International Science Service
  • Release : 2003-01-01
  • Pages : 142
  • ISBN : 9780866890625
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is designed to help water and wastewater specialists understand and control the effects of the many chemicals, concentrated brines, and other elements released into the environment through desalination operations.

Development of an Environmental Impact Assessment and Decision Support System for Seawater Desalination Plants

Development of an Environmental Impact Assessment and Decision Support System for Seawater Desalination Plants
A Book

by Sabine Latteman

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2010-05-11
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0203093240
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seawater desalination is a coastal-based industry. The growing number of desalination plants worldwide and the increasing size of single facilities emphasises the need for greener desalination technologies and more sustainable desalination projects. Two complementing approaches are the development and implementation of best available technology (BAT) standards and best practice guidelines for environmental impact assessment (EIA) studies. While BAT is a technology-based approach, which favours state of the art technologies that reduce resource consumption and waste emissions, EIA aims at minimizing impacts at a site- and project-specific level through environmental monitoring, evaluation of impacts, and mitigation where necessary. This book contains a comprehensive evaluation and synthesis of the potential environmental impacts of desalination plants, with emphasis on the marine environment and aspects of energy use, followed by the development of strategies for impact mitigating. A concept for BAT for seawater desalination technologies is proposed, in combination with a methodological approach for the EIA of desalination projects. The scope of the EIA studies are outlined, including environmental monitoring, toxicity and hydrodynamic modelling studies, and the usefulness of multi-criteria analysis as a decision support tool for EIAs is explored and used to compare different intake and pretreatment options for seawater reverse osmosis plants.

Protecting the Gulf's Marine Ecosystems from Pollution

Protecting the Gulf's Marine Ecosystems from Pollution
A Book

by Abdulaziz H. Abuzinada,Hans-Jörg Barth,Friedhelm Krupp,Benno Böer,Thabit Zahran Al Abdessalaam

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-03-05
  • Pages : 285
  • ISBN : 9783764379476
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume reviews present sources and levels of pollution in The Gulf, assesses their causes and effects on biota and ecosystems, and identifies preventive and remedial measures reducing levels of pollution and mitigating adverse impacts. It is supported by UNESCO, Doha.

Desalination of Seawater

Desalination of Seawater
M61

by Anonim

  • Publisher : American Water Works Association
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 1583218335
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of seawater desalination is an increasingly sought after alternative for new drinking water supplies in coastal areas, particularly as desalination becomes more economical. This new manual of practice parlays lessons learned from recent studies and global seawater desalination projects into guidance for desalination facilities that are reliable, economical, and environmentally sound. This new manual is specifically designed to help water utility managers and design engineers understand desalination–the technologies, the infrastructure, and the costs–to make informed decisions from planning through treatment plant construction. It explains environmental and ecological impacts of desalination plants, seawater intakes, and the disposal of concentrate discharges back into the ocean. Chapters describe the minerals and other constituents that determine source water quality and, therefore, treatment approaches.

Seawater Desalination

Seawater Desalination
Conventional and Renewable Energy Processes

by Andrea Cipollina,Giorgio Micale,Lucio Rizzuti

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-12-24
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 9783642011504
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A growing proportion of the world’s population is dependent on Seawater Desalination as a source of fresh water for both potable and civil use. One of the main drawbacks of conventional desalination technologies is the substantial energy requirement, which is facing cost increases in the global energy market. "Seawater Desalination" presents an overview of conventional and non-conventional technologies, with a particular focus on the coupling of renewable energies with desalination processes. The first section of this book presents, in a technical but reader-friendly way, an overview of currently-used desalination processes, from thermal to membrane processes, highlighting the relevant technical features, advantages and disadvantages, and development potential. It also gives a rapid insight into the economic aspects of fresh water production from seawater. The second section of the book presents novel processes which use Renewable Energies for fresh water production. From the first solar still evaporators, which artificially reproduced the natural cycle of water, technology has progressed to develop complex systems to harness energy from the sun, wind, tides, waves, etc. and then to use this energy to power conventional or novel desalination processes. Most of these processes are still at a preliminary stage of development, but some are already being cited as examples in remote areas, where they are proving to be valuable in solving the problems of water scarcity. A rapid growth in these technologies is foreseen in the coming years. This book provides a unique foundation, within the context of present and future sustainability, for professionals, technicians, managers, and private and public institutions operating in the area of fresh water supply.

Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Sustainable Desalination Handbook
Plant Selection, Design and Implementation

by Gnaneswar Gude

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2018-03-07
  • Pages : 594
  • ISBN : 0128094966
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Desalination Handbook: Plant Selection, Design and Implementation provides the comprehensive knowledge base required for efficient and sustainable process design for existing and new desalination plants around the world. This valuable resource for understanding and utilizing the most recent developments in desalination technologies and methods addresses the necessary components, including process design and implementation, operational strategies, and novel discoveries that minimize environmental impacts. In addition, the book features essential illustrations, operational details, issues and potential solutions and sustainable management strategies for present and future desalination plants. Explains plant design and process selection criteria for each desalination process Presents international regulations and permitting for intake and discharge locations, design and disposal Provides energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination, energy storage and optimization Includes case studies of recent desalination projects and process design

Intakes and Outfalls for Seawater Reverse-Osmosis Desalination Facilities

Intakes and Outfalls for Seawater Reverse-Osmosis Desalination Facilities
Innovations and Environmental Impacts

by Thomas M. Missimer,Burton Jones,Robert G. Maliva

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-04-07
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 3319132032
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book assembles the latest research on new design techniques in water supplies using desalinated seawater. The authors examine the diverse issues related to the intakes and outfalls of these facilities. They clarify how and why these key components of the facilities impact the cost of operation and subsequently the cost of water supplied to the consumers. The book consists of contributed articles from a number of experts in the field who presented their findings at the "Desalination Intakes and Outfalls" workshop held at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia in October, 2013. The book integrates coverage relevant to a wide variety of researchers and professionals in the general fields of environmental engineering and sustainable development.

Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Sustainable Desalination Handbook
Plant Selection, Design and Implementation

by Gnaneswar Gude

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2018-03-07
  • Pages : 594
  • ISBN : 0128094966
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Desalination Handbook: Plant Selection, Design and Implementation provides the comprehensive knowledge base required for efficient and sustainable process design for existing and new desalination plants around the world. This valuable resource for understanding and utilizing the most recent developments in desalination technologies and methods addresses the necessary components, including process design and implementation, operational strategies, and novel discoveries that minimize environmental impacts. In addition, the book features essential illustrations, operational details, issues and potential solutions and sustainable management strategies for present and future desalination plants. Explains plant design and process selection criteria for each desalination process Presents international regulations and permitting for intake and discharge locations, design and disposal Provides energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination, energy storage and optimization Includes case studies of recent desalination projects and process design

Water and Sustainable Development

Water and Sustainable Development
Opportunities for the Chemical Sciences: A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Chemical Sciences Roundtable

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2004-05-14
  • Pages : 106
  • ISBN : 9780309166072
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experts in the areas of water science and chemistry from the government, industry, and academic arenas discussed ways to maximize opportunities for these disciplines to work together to develop and apply simple technologies while addressing some of the world’s key water and health problems. Since global water challenges cross both scientific disciplines, the chemical sciences have the ability to be a key player in improving the lives of billions of people around the world.

Desalination:

Desalination:
A National Perspective

by Committee on Advancing Desalination Technology,Water Science and Technology Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2008-08-14
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9780309134347
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There has been an exponential increase in desalination capacity both globally and nationally since 1960, fueled in part by growing concern for local water scarcity and made possible to a great extent by a major federal investment for desalination research and development. Traditional sources of supply are increasingly expensive, unavailable, or controversial, but desalination technology offers the potential to substantially reduce water scarcity by converting the almost inexhaustible supply of seawater and the apparently vast quantities of brackish groundwater into new sources of freshwater. Desalination assesses the state of the art in relevant desalination technologies, and factors such as cost and implementation challenges. It also describes reasonable long-term goals for advancing desalination technology, posits recommendations for action and research, estimates the funding necessary to support the proposed research agenda, and identifies appropriate roles for governmental and nongovernmental entities.

Recent Progress in Desalination, Environmental and Marine Outfall Systems

Recent Progress in Desalination, Environmental and Marine Outfall Systems
A Book

by Mahad Baawain,B.S. Choudri,Mushtaque Ahmed,Anton Purnama

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-08-31
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN : 3319191233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book collects current scientific information on advanced technologies and management practices associated with the desalination industry in the Middle East and elsewhere around the world. The book opens with introductory chapter which briefly recounts the history of desalination, and describes the current state of development in the field. Part I: Desalination Systems includes ten chapters which describe a variety of techniques and designs intended not only to minimize the impact of desalination, but also to save energy and use natural resources to maximize the output of integrated desalination systems. Among the highlights are a chapter on the use of ceramic membrane technology for sustainable oil water production; a case study on the use of solar heating systems in desalination technology in Oman; discussion of fouling and its effect on design and performance of desalination systems; a review of shore approaches and sea-lines with case studies from Australia and Germany; and a discussion of the integration of desalination technology with renewable energy for climate change abatement in the Middle East and North Africa region. Part II: Environmental Systems includes among others a chapter on regulating the use of water resources and desalination technology on a regional scale reducing the carbon footprint of desalination, with examples from Australia; a description of desalination for irrigation in the Souss Massa region in the south of Morocco; a study of the impact of the coastal intake environment on operating conditions of thermal desalination plants in the United Arab Emirates; a discussion of hydrodynamic and thermal dispersion modeling of the effluent in a coastal channel, with a case study from Oman; and a mathematical model study of effluent disposal from a desalination plant in the marine environment at Tuticorin in India. The book aims to inspire developments in desalination technologies which are specifically aimed at reducing energy consumption and cost, and minimizing environmental impact.

Desalination Technology

Desalination Technology
Health and Environmental Impacts

by Joseph Cotruvo,Nikolay Voutchkov,John Fawell,Pierre Payment,David Cunliffe,Sabine Lattemann

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-03-17
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 1439859841
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Desalination Technology: Health and Environmental Impacts covers the latest developments in desalination, examining the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies. Written by international experts, the text presents specifications for assessing water quality, technical issues associated with desalination technologies, and the chemical aspects of desalinated water and its microbiology. The book also discusses environmental protection issues that assist in the optimization of proposed and existing desalination facilities to ensure that nations and consumers enjoy the benefits of the expanded access to desalinated water. This includes coverage of health and environmental issues such as energy conservation and sustainability as well as protection of delicate coastal ecosystems and groundwater from contamination by surface disposal of concentrates—challenges that must be addressed during the design, construction, and operation of a desalination facility. Development of new and improved desalinization technologies, including major cost reduction trends, have significantly broadened the opportunities to access large quantities of safe water in many parts of the world. And while there are many books available on desalination, this book’s unusual approach blends technical coverage of the latest technologies with coverage of the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies, setting it apart from other resources. It provides technical guidance based on the practical expertise of a balanced group of international scientists and engineers.

Stressors in the Marine Environment

Stressors in the Marine Environment
Physiological and Ecological Responses; Societal Implications

by Martin Solan

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2015-08-01
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0198718837
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A multitude of direct and indirect human influences have significantly altered the environmental conditions, composition, and diversity of marine communities. However, understanding and predicting the combined impacts of single and multiple stressors is particularly challenging because observed ecological feedbacks are underpinned by a number of physiological and behavioural responses that reflect stressor type, severity, and timing. Furthermore, integration between the traditional domains of physiology and ecology tends to be fragmented and focused towards the effects of a specific stressor or set of circumstances. This novel volume summarises the latest research in the physiological and ecological responses of marine species to a comprehensive range of marine stressors, including chemical and noise pollution, ocean acidification, hypoxia, UV radiation, thermal and salinity stress before providing a perspective on future outcomes for some of the most pressing environmental issues facing society today. Stressors in the Marine Environment synthesises the combined expertise of a range of international researchers, providing a truly interdisciplinary and accessible summary of the field. It is essential reading for graduate students as well as professional researchers in environmental physiology, ecology, marine biology, conservation biology, and marine resource management. It will also be of particular relevance and use to the regulatory agencies and authorities tasked with managing the marine environment, including social scientists and environmental economists.

Desalination and Water Treatment

Desalination and Water Treatment
A Book

by Murat Eyvaz,Ebubekir Yüksel

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-09-19
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 1789237580
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The need for fresh water is increasing with the rapid growth of the world's population. In countries and regions with available water resources, it is necessary to ensure the health and safety of the water supply. However, in countries and regions with limited freshwater resources, priority is given to water supply plans and projects, among which the desalination strategy stands out. In the desalination process, membrane and thermal processes are used to obtain fresh water from salty water that is in abundant amounts in the sea. This book will outline valuable scientific contributions to the new desalination and water treatment technologies to obtain high quality water with low negative environmental impacts and cost. The editors would like to record their sincere thanks to the authors for their contributions.

Oil in the Sea III

Oil in the Sea III
Inputs, Fates, and Effects

by National Research Council,Transportation Research Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Marine Board,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Fates, and Effects

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2003-03-14
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN : 0309084385
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since the early 1970s, experts have recognized that petroleum pollutants were being discharged in marine waters worldwide, from oil spills, vessel operations, and land-based sources. Public attention to oil spills has forced improvements. Still, a considerable amount of oil is discharged yearly into sensitive coastal environments. Oil in the Sea provides the best available estimate of oil pollutant discharge into marine waters, including an evaluation of the methods for assessing petroleum load and a discussion about the concerns these loads represent. Featuring close-up looks at the Exxon Valdez spill and other notable events, the book identifies important research questions and makes recommendations for better analysis ofâ€"and more effective measures againstâ€"pollutant discharge. The book discusses: Inputâ€"where the discharges come from, including the role of two-stroke engines used on recreational craft. Behavior or fateâ€"how oil is affected by processes such as evaporation as it moves through the marine environment. Effectsâ€"what we know about the effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on marine organisms and ecosystems. Providing a needed update on a problem of international importance, this book will be of interest to energy policy makers, industry officials and managers, engineers and researchers, and advocates for the marine environment.

Arid Lands Water Evaluation and Management

Arid Lands Water Evaluation and Management
A Book

by Robert Maliva,Thomas Missimer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-06-09
  • Pages : 1076
  • ISBN : 364229104X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A large part of the global population lives in arid lands which have low rainfall and often lack the water required for sustainable population and economic growth. This book presents a comprehensive description of the hydrogeology and hydrologic processes at work in arid lands. It describes the techniques that can be used to assess and manage the water resources of these areas with an emphasis on groundwater resources, including recent advances in hydrologic evaluation and the differences between how aquifer systems behave in arid lands versus more humid areas. Water management techniques are described and summarized to show how a more comprehensive approach to water management is required in these areas, including the need to be aware of cultural sensitivities and conditions unique to many arid regions. The integration of existing resources with the addition of new water sources, such as desalination of brackish water and seawater, along with reusing treated wastewater, will be required to meet future water supply needs. Also, changing climatic conditions will force water management systems to be more robust so that future water supply demands can be met as droughts become more intense and rainfall events become more intense. A range of water management techniques are described and discussed in order to illustrate the methods for integrating these measures within the context of arid lands conditions.

The World's Water Volume 8

The World's Water Volume 8
The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources

by Peter H. Gleick

  • Publisher : Island Press
  • Release : 2014-01-16
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN : 161091483X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Produced biennially, The World's Water is the most comprehensive and up-to-to date source of information and analysis on freshwater resources. Each new volume examines critical global trends and offers the best data available on a variety of topics related to water. Volume 8 features chapters on hydraulic fracturing (fracking), water footprints, sustainable water jobs, and desalination financing, among other timely issues. Water briefs provide concise updates on topics including the Dead-Sea and the role of water in the Syrian conflict. The World's Water is coauthored by MacArthur "genius" Peter H. Gleick and his colleagues at the world-renowned Pacific Institute. Since the first volume was published in 1998, the series has become an indispensable resource for professionals in government agencies and nongovernmental organizations, researchers, students, and anyone concerned with water and its use.

Fundamentals of Salt Water Desalination

Fundamentals of Salt Water Desalination
A Book

by H.T. El-Dessouky,H.M. Ettouney

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2002-03-20
  • Pages : 690
  • ISBN : 9780080532127
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Industrial desalination of sea and brackish water is becoming an essential part in providing sustainable sources of fresh water for a larger number of communities around the world. Desalination is a main source of fresh water in the Gulf countries, a number of the Caribbean and Mediterranean Islands, and several municipalities in a large number of countries. As the industry expands there is a pressing need to have a clear and well-written textbook that focuses on desalination fundamentals and other industrial aspects. This book focuses on the processes widely used in industry, which include multistage flash desalination and reverse osmosis. Also, other desalination processes with attractive features and high potential are featured. It includes a large number of solved examples, which are explained in simple and careful matter that allow the reader to follow and understand the development. The data used in the development of the examples and case studies are extracted from existing desalination plants. This title also includes comparisons of model predictions against results reported in literature as well as available experimental and industrial data. Several industries include similar unit operation processes, i.e., evaporators, condensers, flashing units, membrane separation, and chemical treatment. Examples of such industries include wastewater treatment, food, petroleum, petrochemical, power generation, and pulp and paper. Process fundamentals and design procedures of such unit processes follow the same procedures given in this textbook.

Bridging the gap between ocean acidification impacts and economic valuation

Bridging the gap between ocean acidification impacts and economic valuation
Regional impacts of ocean acidification on fisheries and aquaculture

by International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Global Marine and Polar Programme.

  • Publisher : IUCN
  • Release : 2015-05-01
  • Pages : 135
  • ISBN : 283171723X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Following the first international workshop on the economics of ocean acidification organized by the Centre Scientifique de Monaco and the International Atomic Energy Agency in 2010, a second international workshop was held in November 2012, which explored the level of risk, and the resilience or vulnerability of defined regions of the world ocean in terms of fishery and aquaculture species and economic impacts, and social adaptation. This report includes the findings and recommendations of the respective regional working groups and is the result of an interdisciplinary survey of ocean acidification-sensitive fisheries and aquaculture.