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Mass Transport in Magmatic Systems

Mass Transport in Magmatic Systems
A Book

by Bjorn O. Mysen

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2022-04-15
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9780128212011
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mass Transport in Magmatic Systems describes the properties and processes of these natural occurrences, including a description and discussions of how properties can be used for quantitative description of mass and energy transport on, and in, Earth and terrestrial planets. As the experimentally obtained chemical and physical properties of magma is scattered across literature, this book provides a comprehensive volume on the topic. Moreover, links between properties and processes are rarely appreciated. This makes it challenging for a non-experimentalist to access, evaluate, and apply such data. Incorporates information from a range of subdisciplines, from materials science to geology, geophysics and geochemistry Highlights links between properties and processes of magmatic systems Presents chapters that can stand on their own, with practical applications and a section for non-expert readers

Magmatic Systems

Magmatic Systems
A Book

by Michael P. Ryan

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 1994-08-26
  • Pages : 401
  • ISBN : 0080959911
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With its integrated and cohesive coverage of the current research, Magmatic Systems skillfully explores the physical processes, mechanics, and dynamics of volcanism. The text utilizes a synthesized perspective--theoretical, experimental, and observational--to address the powerful regulatory mechanisms controlling the movement of melts and cooling, with emphasis on mantle plumes, mid-ocean ridges, and intraplate magmatism. Further coverage of subduction zone magmatism includes: Fluid mechanics of mixed magma migration Internal structure of active systems Grain-scale melt flow Rheology of partial melts Numerical simulation of porous media melt migration Nonlinear (chaotic and fractal) processes in magma transport In all, Magmatic Systems will prove invaluable reading to those in search of an interdisciplinary perspective on this active topic. Key Features * Fluid mechanics of magma migration from surface region to eruption site * Internal structure of active magmatic systems * Grain-scale melt flow in mantle plumes and beneath mid-ocean ridges * Physics of magmatic systems and magma dynamics

Comparative Assessment of Five Potential Sites for Hydrothermal-magma Systems

Comparative Assessment of Five Potential Sites for Hydrothermal-magma Systems
Energy Transport

by Harry C. Hardee

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 19
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Diffusion, Atomic Ordering, and Mass Transport

Diffusion, Atomic Ordering, and Mass Transport
Selected Topics in Geochemistry

by Jibamitra Ganguly

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 567
  • ISBN : 1461390192
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the fundamental objectives of physical geochemistry is to understand the evolution of geochemical systems from microscopic to regional and global scales. At present there seems to be a general recognition of the fact that internal properties of minerals record important aspects of the evolutionary history of their host rocks which may be unraveled by very fine scale observations. A major focus in the development of geochemical research in the last thirty years has been the application of classical thermodynamics to reconstruct the conditions at which the states of quenched mineralogical properties of rocks have equilibrated during the course of their evolution. While these works have funda mentally influenced our understanding ofthe physico-chemical history ofrocks, in recent years petrologists, mineralogists, and geochemists have been making greater efforts towards the application of kinetic theories in order to develop a better appreciation of the temporal details of geochemical processes. The present volume brings together a variety of current research on transport in systems of geochemical interest from atomic to outcrop scales. A major theme is atomic migration or diffusion, and its various manifestations on microscopic and macroscopic scales. Transport in the solid state is controlled by diffusion and is responsible for the states of atomic ordering and relaxation of composi tional zoning in minerals, development of compositional zoning during cooling, exsolution lamellae, and creep.

Volcanic Lakes

Volcanic Lakes
A Book

by Dmitri Rouwet,Bruce Christenson,Franco Tassi,Jean Vandemeulebrouck

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-03-02
  • Pages : 533
  • ISBN : 3642368336
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book aims to give an overview on the present state of volcanic lake research, covering topics such as volcano monitoring, the chemistry, dynamics and degassing of acidic crater lakes, mass-energy-chemical-isotopic balance approaches, limnology and degassing of Nyos-type lakes, the impact on the human and natural environment, the eruption products and impact of crater lake breaching eruptions, numerical modeling of gas clouds and lake eruptions, thermo-hydro-mechanical and deformation modeling, CO2 fluxes from lakes, volcanic lakes observed from space, biological activity, continuous monitoring techniques, and some aspects more. We hope to offer an updated manual on volcanic lake research, providing classic research methods, and point towards a more high-tech approach of future volcanic lake research and continuous monitoring.

Structure and Dynamics of Partially Solidified Systems

Structure and Dynamics of Partially Solidified Systems
A Book

by D. Loper

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 9400935870
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume contains papers presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the Structure and Dynamics of Partially Solidified Systems held at Stanford Sierra Lodge, Tahoe, California, May 12-16, 1986. This work shop grew out of a realization that there was a significant amount of interest and activity in this topic in several unrelated disciplines, and that it would be mutually beneficial to bring together those mathemati' cians, scientists and engineers interested in this subject to share their knowledge and ideas with each other. Partially solidified systems occur in a variety of natural and man made environments. Perhaps the most well-known occurrence involves the solidification of metallic alloys. Typically as a molten alloy is cooled, the solid phase advances from the cold boundary into the liquid as a branching forest of dendritic crystals. This creates a region of mixed solid and liquid phases, commonly referred to as a mushy zone, in which the solid forms a rigidly connected framework with the liquid occurring in the intercrystalline gaps. In addition to the casting of metallic alloys, mushy zones can occur in weld pools, the Earth's core and. mantle, magma chambers, temperate glaciers, frozen soils, frozen lakes and sea ice. A second mechanical configuration for the solid phase is as a suspension of small crystals within the liquid; this is referred to as a slurry.

Geothermal Energy Update

Geothermal Energy Update
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1976
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes
A Book

by Haraldur Sigurdsson,Bruce Houghton,Steve McNutt,Hazel Rymer,John Stix

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-03-06
  • Pages : 1456
  • ISBN : 0123859395
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included

Modeling Volcanic Processes

Modeling Volcanic Processes
The Physics and Mathematics of Volcanism

by Sarah A. Fagents,Tracy K. P. Gregg,Rosaly M. C. Lopes

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2013-03-14
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1139619225
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding the physical behavior of volcanoes is key to mitigating the hazards active volcanoes pose to the ever-increasing populations living nearby. The processes involved in volcanic eruptions are driven by a series of interlinked physical phenomena, and to fully understand these, volcanologists must employ various physics subdisciplines. This book provides the first advanced-level, one-stop resource examining the physics of volcanic behavior and reviewing the state-of-the-art in modeling volcanic processes. Each chapter begins by explaining simple modeling formulations and progresses to present cutting-edge research illustrated by case studies. Individual chapters cover subsurface magmatic processes through to eruption in various environments and conclude with the application of modeling to understanding the other volcanic planets of our Solar System. Providing an accessible and practical text for graduate students of physical volcanology, this book is also an important resource for researchers and professionals in the fields of volcanology, geophysics, geochemistry, petrology and natural hazards.

Energy and Mass Transfer in Marine Hydrothermal Systems

Energy and Mass Transfer in Marine Hydrothermal Systems
A Book

by Peter Halbach,V. Tunnicliffe,James R. Hein

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 365
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Intra-oceanic Subduction Systems

Intra-oceanic Subduction Systems
Tectonic and Magmatic Processes

by Robert D. Larter,Philip T. Leat

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9781862391475
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Magma Transport and Storage

Magma Transport and Storage
A Book

by Michael P. Ryan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Based on the Symposium on Magma Transport and Storage from Source to Eruption Site, held at the 28th International Geological Congress, in Washington DC, July 9-19, 1989. The symposium brought together scientists working from a broad range of perspectives to explore the processes, pathways and mechanics of magmatic movement, combining their individual focuses into a unified theme. Combines treatments of the current research on magma movement in the earth's mantle, oceanic and continental crusts and volcanic centers based on approaches from continuum mechanics, fluid dynamics, heat transfer, experimental high-pressure geophysics, seismology and seismic tomography, observational volcanology and geodesy, field and structural geology. Chapters blend review material with new research results to promote accessibility and provide a measure of self-containment.

Fluids in the Crust

Fluids in the Crust
Equilibrium and transport properties

by K. Shmulovich,B.W. Yardley,G. Gonchar

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN : 9401112266
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For much of the 20th century, scientific contacts between the Soviet Union and western countries were few and far between, and often super ficial. In earth sciences, ideas and data were slow to cross the Iron Curtain, and there was considerable mutual mistrust of diverging scient ific philosophies. In geochemistry, most western scientists were slow to appreciate the advances being made in the Soviet Union by os. Korz hinskii, who put the study of ore genesis on a rigorous thermodynamic basis as early as the 1930s. Korzhinskii appreciated that the most fun damental requirement for the application of quantitative models is data on mineral and fluid behaviour at the elevated pressures and temper atures that occur in the Earth's crust. He began the work at the Institute of Experimental Mineralogy (IEM) in 1965, and it became a separate establishment of the Academy of Sciences in Chernogolovka in 1969. The aim was to initiate a major programme of high P-T experimental studies to apply physical chemistry and thermodynamics to resolving geological problems. For many years, Chernogolovka was a closed city, and western scient ists were unable to visit the laboratories, but with the advent of peres troika in 1989, the first groups of visitors were eagerly welcomed to the IEM. What they found was an experimental facility on a massive scale, with 300 staff, including 80 researchers and most of the rest pro viding technical support.

Physics of Magmatic Processes

Physics of Magmatic Processes
A Book

by Robert Bero Hargraves

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2014-07-14
  • Pages : 598
  • ISBN : 1400854490
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While the chemical aspects of igneous petrology have dominated research for many years, the physical processes associated with the generation, transport, and crystallization of magma have been somewhat neglected. Here a group of distinguished scientists, whose current research embraces both chemical and physical aspects of the field, illustrates these new directions in igneous petrology. Originally published in 1980. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Dynamics of Crustal Magma Transfer, Storage and Differentiation

Dynamics of Crustal Magma Transfer, Storage and Differentiation
A Book

by Catherine Annen,Georg F. Zellmer

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9781862392588
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Magmas are subject to a series of processes that lead to their differentiation during transfer through and storage within the Earth's crust. The depths and mechanisms of differentiation, the crustal contribution to magma generation through wall-rock assimilation, the rates and timescales of magma generation, transfer and storage, and how these link to the thermal state of the crust are subject to vivid debate and controversy. This volume presents a collection of research articles that provide a balanced overview of the diverse approaches available to elucidate these topics, and includes both theoretical models and case studies. By integrating petrological, geochemical and geophysical approaches, it provides new insights to the subject of magmatic processes operating within the Earth's crust, and reveals important links between subsurface processes and volcanism.

Fluid Flow and Transport in Rocks

Fluid Flow and Transport in Rocks
Mechanisms and effects

by B. Jamtveit,B.W. Yardley

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9400915330
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book represents the proceedings of the 9th written by a very active group of physicists at Kongsberg seminar, held at the Norwegian Mining the University of Oslo - physicists interested in Museum located in the city of Kongsberg about complex systems in general and geo-like systems 70 km Southwest of Oslo. The Kongsberg district in particular. is known for numerous Permian vein deposits of The content of the book is organized into three native silver, and mining activity in the area lasted major parts following the introductory chapter. for more than 300 years, finally ceasing in 1957. Chapters 2 to 7 primarily treat the role of fluids The previous eight Kongsberg seminars were in specific geological environments, ranging from focused on ore-forming processes and all of these sedimentary basins (Chapters 2-3) to contact were organized by Professor Arne Bj0rlykke, now metamorphic/hydrothermal scenarios (Chapters director of the Norwegian Geological Survey. 4-5) and regional metamorphic settings (Chapters Since process-orientated research tends to break 6-7). The following four chapters (8-11) focus down the traditional barriers between the different on various properties of fluid-rock systems that geological disciplines, this seminar has always are critical in controlling flow and transport been a meeting point for people with a variety through rocks. These include: mineral solubility of geological backgrounds.

The Third Hutton Symposium on the Origin of Granites and Related Rocks

The Third Hutton Symposium on the Origin of Granites and Related Rocks
A Book

by M. Brown,P.A. Candela,D.L. Peck,W.E. Stephens,R.J. Walker,E-an Zen

  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 1996-01-01
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN : 0813723159
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Publications of the Geological Survey

Publications of the Geological Survey
A Book

by Geological Survey (U.S.)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Crust and Lithosphere Dynamics

Crust and Lithosphere Dynamics
Treatise on Geophysics

by Anthony B Watts

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-05-13
  • Pages : 7000
  • ISBN : 0444535721
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Treatise on Geophysics: Crust and Lithosphere Dynamics, Volume 6, provides a comprehensive review of the state of knowledge on crust and lithosphere dynamics, which is defined as the study of how the outermost layers of the Earth respond to loads that are emplaced on, within, and below it and its implications for plate mechanics and mantle flow. The book begins with a chapter on plate kinematics, which shows how new observations and methodologies have improved the resolution of relative and absolute plate motions. This is followed by studies of plate mechanics, focusing on the long-term rheology of the plates and response of the plates to both relatively short-term and long-term loads. The book also includes chapters that examine the evidence from surface heat flow, borehole breakouts, and magma models for the thermal and mechanical structure of the lithosphere; the deformation of the lithosphere in extensional and compressional settings. The final two chapters deal with the structural styles of faulting in the shallow brittle part of the lithosphere, the brittle-ductile transition, and the shear zone in the ductile part of the lithosphere; and how developments in plate mechanics have impacted our understanding of geological processes. Self-contained volume starts with an overview of the subject then explores each topic with in depth detail Extensive reference lists and cross references with other volumes to facilitate further research Full-color figures and tables support the text and aid in understanding Content suited for both the expert and non-expert